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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(9): 5237-5243, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32878812

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATLL) is a relatively refractory CD4-positive peripheral T-cell lymphoma. VCAP-AMP-VECP (mLSG15) is one of the standard chemotherapeutic regimens for patients with aggressive ATLL. Mogamulizumab (moga), a monoclonal antibody for C-C chemokine receptor 4 antigen expressed on the cell surface, has recently been poised for use as monotherapy and in combination with chemotherapy. However, to date, a significant survival benefit has not been obtained with the combination of moga + mLSG15 therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 77 patients diagnosed with aggressive ATLL. Of them, 22 were treated with moga + a chemotherapy regimen comprised of etoposide, vincristine, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, and prednisolone (EPOCH), 16 with moga + mLSG15, and 39 with chemotherapy alone. RESULTS: A risk reduction of approximately 30% was obtained with moga + EPOCH compared with moga + mLSG15. CONCLUSION: The addition of moga to chemotherapy did not result in a survival benefit compared with chemotherapy alone. However, a statistically significant overall survival benefit was observed in patients with moga-induced skin disorders.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/diagnóstico , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Esquema de Medicação , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Leucemia-Linfoma de Células T do Adulto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Retratamento , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
2.
J Gastrointestin Liver Dis ; 29(3): 470, 2020 09 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830825
3.
Ann Hematol ; 99(8): 1771-1778, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601796

RESUMO

Mantle cell lymphoma has a dismal prognosis at relapse or in the refractory setting. Among therapies, mTor pathway targeting by temsirolimus has been the first strategy approved for relapse in Europe. While its efficacy in monotherapy has long been demonstrated, its use remains limited. In the T3 phase Ib clinical trial, we investigated the recommended dose of temsirolimus in association with R-CHOP (R-CHOP-T), or high-dose cytarabine plus rituximab (R-DHA-T), or fludarabine, cyclophosphamide plus rituximab (R-FC-T). From November 11, 2011 to February 26, 2015, forty-one patients were enrolled. Patients presented with high MIPI (47.5%) at relapse and a median number of treatments of 1 (1-3). Patients were treated by R-CHOP-T (n = 10), R-FC-T (n = 14), or R-DHA-T (n = 17) according to the choice of local investigators. The maximum tolerated dose (MTD) was 15 mg in the R-CHOP-T arm and has not been determined in other treatment arms because of toxicities. All patients experienced ≥ Grade 3 adverse events, mainly thrombocytopenia (76%). Twenty-six patients discontinued prematurely the treatment, mostly for toxicity (n = 12) and progression of the disease (n = 8). Of note, 6 patients of the R-DHA-T arm reached complete remission (35%). Temsirolimus with immuno-chemotherapy is associated with a high rate of toxicities. Determination of MTD could only be achieved for R-CHOP-T arm. Associations between temsirolimus and other targeted therapies may be warranted for R/R MCL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Imunoterapia , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/terapia , Sirolimo/análogos & derivados , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma de Célula do Manto/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Sirolimo/administração & dosagem , Sirolimo/efeitos adversos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Trombocitopenia/induzido quimicamente , Trombocitopenia/mortalidade , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos
4.
Lancet ; 396(10246): 267-276, 2020 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, often receive glucocorticoids, but long-term use can produce adverse effects. Evidence from randomised controlled trials to guide tapering of oral glucocorticoids is scarce. We investigated a scheme for tapering oral glucocorticoids compared with continuing low-dose oral glucocorticoids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: The Steroid EliMination In Rheumatoid Arthritis (SEMIRA) trial was a double-blind, multicentre, two parallel-arm, randomised controlled trial done at 39 centres from six countries (France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and Tunisia). Adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving tocilizumab and glucocorticoids 5-15 mg per day for 24 weeks or more were eligible for inclusion if they had received prednisone 5 mg per day for 4 weeks or more and had stable low disease activaity, confirmed by a Disease Activity Score for 28 joints-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) of 3·2 or less 4-6 weeks before and on the day of randomisation. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to either continue masked prednisone 5 mg per day for 24 weeks or to taper masked prednisone reaching 0 mg per day at week 16. All patients received tocilizumab (162 mg subcutaneously every week or 8 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks) with or without csDMARDs maintained at stable doses during the entire 24-week study. The primary outcome was the difference in mean DAS28-ESR change from baseline to week 24, with a difference of more than 0·6 defined as clinically relevant between the continued-prednisone group and the tapered-prednisone group. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02573012. FINDINGS: Between Oct 21, 2015, and June 9, 2017, 421 patients were screened and 259 (200 [77%] women and 59 [23%] men) were recruited onto the trial. In all 128 patients assigned to the continued-prednisone regimen, disease activity control was superior to that in all 131 patients assigned to the tapered-prednisone regimen; the estimated mean change in DAS28-ESR from baseline to week 24 was 0·54 (95% CI 0·35-0·73) with tapered prednisone and -0·08 (-0·27 to 0·12) with continued prednisone (difference 0·61 [0·35-0·88]; p<0·0001), favouring continuing prednisone 5 mg per day for 24 weeks. Treatment was regarded as successful (defined as low disease activity at week 24, plus absence of rheumatoid arthritis flare for 24 weeks and no confirmed adrenal insufficiency) in 99 (77%) patients in the continued-prednisone group versus 85 (65%) patients in the tapered-prednisone group (relative risk 0·83; 95% CI 0·71-0·97). Serious adverse events occurred in seven (5%) patients in the tapered-prednisone group and four (3%) patients in the continued-prednisone group; no patients had symptomatic adrenal insufficiency. INTERPRETATION: In patients who achieved low disease activity with tocilizumab and at least 24 weeks of glucocorticoid treatment, continuing glucocorticoids at 5 mg per day for 24 weeks provided safe and better disease control than tapering glucocorticoids, although two-thirds of patients were able to safely taper their glucocorticoid dose. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/etnologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Sérvia/epidemiologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
5.
Neurology ; 95(6): e755-e766, 2020 08 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32611638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To examine whether sustained minimal manifestation status (MMS) with complete withdrawal of prednisone is better achieved in thymectomized patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). METHODS: This study is a post hoc analysis of data from a randomized trial of thymectomy in MG (Thymectomy Trial in Non-Thymomatous Myasthenia Gravis Patients Receiving Prednisone Therapy [MGTX]). MGTX was a multicenter, randomized, rater-blinded 3-year trial that was followed by a voluntary 2-year extension for patients with acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody-positive MG without thymoma. Patients were randomized 1:1 to thymectomy plus prednisone vs prednisone alone. Participants were age 18-65 years at enrollment with disease duration less than 5 years. All patients received oral prednisone titrated up to 100 mg on alternate days until they achieved MMS, which prompted a standardized prednisone taper as long as MMS was maintained. The achievement rate of sustained MMS (no symptoms of MG for 6 months) with complete withdrawal of prednisone was compared between the thymectomy plus prednisone and prednisone alone groups. RESULTS: Patients with MG in the thymectomy plus prednisone group achieved sustained MMS with complete withdrawal of prednisone more frequently (64% vs 38%) and quickly compared to the prednisone alone group (median time 30 months vs no median time achieved, p < 0.001) over the 5-year study period. Prednisone-associated adverse symptoms were more frequent in the prednisone alone group and distress level increased with higher doses of prednisone. CONCLUSIONS: Thymectomy benefits patients with MG by increasing the likelihood of achieving sustained MMS with complete withdrawal of prednisone. CLINICALTRIALSGOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00294658. CLASSIFICATION OF EVIDENCE: This study provides Class II evidence that for patients with generalized MG with AChR antibody, those receiving thymectomy plus prednisone are more likely to attain sustained MMS and complete prednisone withdrawal than those on prednisone alone.


Assuntos
Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Miastenia Gravis/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Timectomia , Adolescente , Adulto , Animais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/administração & dosagem , Imunossupressores/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miastenia Gravis/cirurgia , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Ratos , Método Simples-Cego , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/etiologia , Timoma/complicações , Timoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Timo/complicações , Neoplasias do Timo/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Trials ; 21(1): 632, 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32646502

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to explore the effectiveness and safety of oral corticosteroids (prednisone) in the treatment of early stage SARS-Cov-2 pneumonia in patients who do not yet meet hospital admission criteria. TRIAL DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial, controlled, open, parallel group, to evaluate the effectiveness of steroids in adult patients with confirmed COVID-19, with incipient pulmonary involvement, without hospital admission criteria. Patients will be stratified by the presence or not of radiological data on pneumonia. PARTICIPANTS: We will include patients with early stage SARS-Cov-2 pneumonia who do not meet hospital admission criteria from the reference hospital, the Hospital Universitario de Burgos, in the region of Castilla y León, Spain. Patients will be followed-up by specialist physicians and Primary Health Care professionals. INCLUSION CRITERIA: - Men and women. - Age between 18 and 75 years old. - Diagnosed SARS-CoV-2 infection, by PCR and/or IgM+ antibody test and/or antigen test. - Clinical diagnosis of lung involvement: (respiratory symptoms +/- pathological auscultation +/- O2 desaturation) - Chest X-ray with mild-moderate alterations or normal. - Patients who give their verbal informed consent in front of witnesses, which will be reflected in the patients' medical records. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: - Oxygen desaturation below 93% or P02 < 62. - Moderate-severe dyspnea or significant respiratory or general deterioration that makes admission advisable. - Chest X-ray with multifocal infiltrates. - Insulin-dependent diabetes with poor control or glycaemia in the emergency room test greater than 300 mg/ml (fasting or not). - Other significant comorbidities: Severe renal failure (creatinine clearance < 30 mL/min); cirrhosis or chronic liver disease, poorly controlled hypertension. - Heart rhythm disturbances (including prolonged QT). - Severe immunosuppression (HIV infection, long-term use of immunosuppressive agents); cancer. - Pregnant or breast-feeding women. - Patients under use of glucocorticoids for other diseases. - History of allergy or intolerance to any of the drugs in the study (prednisone, azithromycin or hydroxychloroquine). - Patients who took one or more of the study drugs in the 7 days prior to study inclusion. - Patients taking non-suppressible drugs with risk of QT prolongation or significant interactions. - Patients unwilling or unable to participate until study completion. - Participation in another study. INTERVENTION AND COMPARATOR: Eligible patients will be randomized to receive standard outpatient treatment only (group 1) or standard outpatient treatment plus prednisone (group 2). - Group 1: paracetamol 1 g/8 h (on demand) + hydroxychloroquine 400 mg/12h the first day, 200 mg/12 h for 4 days + azithromycin 500 mg/24h for 5 days. - Group 2: paracetamol 1 g/8 h (on demand) + hydroxychloroquine 400 mg/12h the first day, 200 mg/12 h for 4 days + azithromycin 500 mg/24h for 5 days + prednisone 60 mg / 24 h for 3 days, 30 mg / 24 h for 3 days and 15 mg / 24 h for 3 days. MAIN OUTCOMES: If the patient requires ambulatory observation, according to the protocol established in this respect in the Emergency Department, meets all the criteria for inclusion and none for exclusion, data will be taken by the person responsible on the data collection sheet. The main result is admission after 30 days. Secondary outcomes are 30-day ICU admission and hospital stay. The safety variable will be the occurrence of clinical symptoms or delirium related to the steroids. Also, the possible decompensations of diabetes will be measured. All tests will be on an intention-to-treat basis. RANDOMISATION: Treatment will be assigned according to stratified randomization by the presence or absence of radiological data of lung involvement (previously performed by random sequence 1:1 generated with Epidat and kept hidden by opaque, sealed envelopes, which will only be opened after inclusion and basal measurement). BLINDING (MASKING): Participants, caregivers and personnel responsible for outcomes measurement will not be blinded to group assignment, once the patient is included and the basal measurement performed, as per protocol design. NUMBERS TO BE RANDOMISED (SAMPLE SIZE): The percentage of patients with incipient lung involvement is unknown, but given that pulmonary involvement already exists it is estimated to be around 20%. We consider that the intervention could reduce this percentage to 5%, so the necessary sample size would be 200 subjects (100 per group), with a power of 80% and an estimated loss percentage of 10%. TRIAL STATUS: The protocol with code TAC-COVID-19, version 2.0 on date: April 16, 2020 is approved by the Spanish Drug Agency (AEMPS) and the local Ethics Committee. The trial is in the recruitment phase. Recruitment began 19 April, 2020 and is anticipated to be complete by April 2021. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The trial was registered under the title "OUTPATIENT TREATMENT OF EARLY PULMONARY COVID19 WITH CORTICOSTEROIDS AS AN OPPORTUNITY TO MODIFY THE COURSE OF THE DISEASE" with EudraCT number 2020-001622-64 , registered on 3 April 2020. FULL PROTOCOL: The full protocol is attached as an additional file, accessible from the Trials website (Additional file 1). In the interest in expediting dissemination of this material, the familiar formatting has been eliminated; this Letter serves as a summary of the key elements of the full protocol.


Assuntos
Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Assistência Ambulatorial , Antivirais/administração & dosagem , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Adolescente , Corticosteroides/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/efeitos adversos , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
8.
Int J Hematol ; 112(3): 369-376, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32529585

RESUMO

Rituximab with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP) is one of the standard regimens for indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). It is unclear whether the prednisolone (PSL) dosage affects the therapeutic effect or the adverse event profile. We retrospectively examined 48 patients with indolent B-cell NHL who were treated with R-CHOP (PSL 50 mg/m2/day for 5 days) at our institute between 2006 and 2016. We compared them with 149 patients with indolent B-cell lymphoma who were treated with R-CHOP (PSL 100 mg for 5 days) in the JCOG 0203 trial. The proportions of patients with bulky disease, extranodal involvement, and increased nodal sites were higher at our institute. Nevertheless, there was no difference in the CR rate, PFS, OS or the frequency of adverse events, except for peripheral neuropathy, between the two treatment groups. In our institute, there was no difference in the CR rate, PFS, OS or adverse event profile between patients who received PSL at 60-80 mg/day and at 81-100 mg/day. Patients who received PSL at 60-80 mg/day included many female and light-weight patients. In conclusion, the PSL dose adjusted based on body surface area appeared to be appropriate in terms of efficacy and safety.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Folicular/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisolona/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Superfície Corporal , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Cálculos da Dosagem de Medicamento , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisolona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/uso terapêutico , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
9.
Lancet Haematol ; 7(4): e295-e308, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32135128

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients treated for non-Hodgkin lymphoma are at risk of cardiovascular adverse events, with the risk of heart failure being particularly high. A regimen of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone, with (R-CHOP) or without (CHOP) rituximab is the standard first-line treatment for aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide are both associated with left ventricular dysfunction. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the cardiovascular toxicity of this regimen. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library from database inception to June 3, 2019, for clinical trials and observational studies in adult patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, and non-Hodgkin lymphoma not otherwise specified) that received first-line treatment with R-CHOP or CHOP. Studies reporting on cardiovascular adverse events and treatment-related cardiovascular mortality were included. Abstracts and articles not written in English were excluded. The main outcomes were the proportion of patients with grade 3-4 cardiovascular adverse events and heart failure. Meta-analyses of one-sample proportions were done in all patients receiving CHOP or R-CHOP. Subgroup analyses on summary estimates were done to determine the effect of number of CHOP or R-CHOP cycles, cycle interval, age, and sex. FINDINGS: Of 2314 identified entries, 137 studies (21 211 patients) published between April, 1984, and June, 2019 were eligible (9541 patients treated with CHOP, 11 293 patients treated with R-CHOP, 377 both regimens used in the study; median follow-up 39·0 months [IQR 25·5-52·8]). From the included studies, 85 subgroups were treated with CHOP, 76 with R-CHOP, and in four studies both CHOP and R-CHOP were used without a subdivision in separate groups. The pooled proportion for grade 3-4 cardiovascular adverse events, based on 77 studies (n=14 351 patients), was 2·35% (95% CI 1·81-2·93; heterogeneity test Q=326·21; τ2=0·0042; I2=71·40%; p<0·0001). For heart failure, the pooled proportion, based on 38 studies (n=5936 patients), was 4·62% (2·25-7·65; heterogeneity test Q=527·33; τ2=0·0384; I2=95·05%; p<0·0001), with a significant increase in reported heart failure from 1·64% (95% CI 0·82-2·65) to 11·72% (3·00-24·53) when cardiac function was evaluated post-chemotherapy (p=0·017). 53 (39%) of 137 studies were rated as having high risk of bias for incomplete outcome data and 54 (39%) for selective reporting. INTERPRETATION: The considerable increase of reported heart failures with cardiac monitoring, indicates that this complication often remains undiagnosed in patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma who received first-line R-CHOP or CHOP. Our findings are of importance to raise awareness of this complication among clinicians treating patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and stresses the need for cardiac monitoring during and after chemotherapy. Prompt initiation of treatment for heart failure in the presymptomatic phase can mitigate the progression to more advanced heart failure stages. FUNDING: None.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Linfoma não Hodgkin/tratamento farmacológico , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/patologia , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
10.
Eur J Cancer ; 129: 117-122, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32151941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abiraterone acetate (abiraterone) combined with prednisone is a standard of care in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Recently, benefit in overall survival was reported in metastatic castration-sensitive prostate cancer also, and an extension of indication has been granted. Abiraterone is seldom associated with liver toxicity. The clinical management and the outcome of patients with transaminase increase while on abiraterone have not been described. PATIENTS AND METHOD: We identified 25 men with metastatic prostate cancer and liver function test disorders occurring while on abiraterone treatment from December 2009 to September 2017 in three oncology centres in France. RESULTS: Forty-six liver disorder events occurred in 25 patients while on abiraterone treatment. The median age at liver function test increase was 67 (55-85) years. The incidence of aspartate aminotransférase (AST) (24 events) and that of alanine aminotransférase (ALT) (22 events) increases were similar. Liver toxicity was of grade 1, 2 and 3 (Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events. version 4) in 7 (32%), 6 (27%) and 9 (41%) patients for ALT, and in 12 (50%), 6 (25%) and 6 (25%) for AST, respectively. The median time from abiraterone initiation to the detection of liver toxicity was 7.1 (4-95) weeks. The median time from highest ALT/AST increase to normalisation was 6.2 [2-14] weeks. In 13 patients (52%), liver tests spontaneously returned to baseline values, while abiraterone was continued at full dose. CONCLUSION: Liver function test increase is a rare event that typically occurs within the first two months on abiraterone. Most patients experience normalisation of the tests, either spontaneously or after dose reduction/discontinuation.


Assuntos
Acetato de Abiraterona/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Ósseas/tratamento farmacológico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Acetato de Abiraterona/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Neoplasias Ósseas/secundário , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/diagnóstico , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/prevenção & controle , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Esquema de Medicação , Humanos , Incidência , Testes de Função Hepática/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Metástase Linfática/tratamento farmacológico , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/sangue , Remissão Espontânea
11.
Cancer Chemother Pharmacol ; 85(5): 831-842, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32222808

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The phase Ib/II open-label study (NCT01992653) evaluated the antibody-drug conjugate polatuzumab vedotin (pola) plus rituximab/obinutuzumab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (R/G-CHP) as first-line therapy for B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (B-NHL). We report the pharmacokinetics (PK) and drug-drug interaction (DDI) for pola. METHODS: Six or eight cycles of pola 1.0-1.8 mg/kg were administered intravenously every 3 weeks (q3w) with R/G-CHP. Exposures of pola [including antibody-conjugated monomethyl auristatin E (acMMAE) and unconjugated MMAE] and R/G-CHP were assessed by non-compartmental analysis and/or descriptive statistics with cross-cycle comparisons to cycle 1 and/or after multiple cycles. Pola was evaluated as a potential victim and perpetrator of a PK drug-drug interaction with R/G-CHP. Population PK (popPK) analysis assessed the impact of prior treatment status (naïve vs. relapsed/refractory) on pola PK. RESULTS: Pola PK was similar between treatment arms and independent of line of therapy. Pola PK was dose proportional from 1.0 to 1.8 mg/kg with R/G-CHP. Geometric mean volume of distribution and clearance of acMMAE ranged from 57.3 to 95.6 mL/kg and 12.7 to 18.2 mL/kg/day, respectively. acMMAE exhibited multi-exponential decay (elimination half-life ~ 1 week). Unconjugated MMAE exhibited formation rate-limited kinetics. Exposures of pola with R/G-CHP were similar to those in the absence of CHP; exposures of R/G-CHP in the presence of pola were comparable to those in the absence of pola. CONCLUSIONS: Pola PK was well characterized with no clinically meaningful DDIs with R/G-CHP. Findings are consistent with previous studies of pola + R/G, and support pola + R/G-CHP use in previously untreated diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais , Imunoconjugados , Linfoma de Células B , Rituximab , Administração Intravenosa , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/farmacocinética , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/farmacocinética , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacocinética , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacocinética , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/farmacocinética , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/farmacocinética , Esquema de Medicação , Interações Medicamentosas , Monitoramento de Medicamentos/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoconjugados/administração & dosagem , Imunoconjugados/efeitos adversos , Imunoconjugados/farmacocinética , Linfoma de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Dose Máxima Tolerável , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/farmacocinética , Rituximab/administração & dosagem , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/farmacocinética , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/farmacocinética
12.
Expert Opin Pharmacother ; 21(6): 653-661, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32066288

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Double-hit (DHL) and triple-hit lymphomas (THL) have long been among the most clinically aggressive molecular subtypes of diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. In the 2016 revised WHO classification, they represent a new entity called high-grade B-cell lymphoma with rearrangements of MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6. Unlike most B-cell lymphomas, they have poor response to standard R-CHOP therapy, tend to quickly develop resistance to cytotoxic chemotherapies, and are associated with higher central nervous system (CNS) infiltration. This can lead to increased risk of relapse and worse prognosis. DHL/THL represent a subset of lymphomas with unmet medical need. AREA COVERED: The authors present the available data for the current treatment regimens including intensive chemotherapy regimens, hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT), and CNS prophylaxis. They also discuss treatment for relapsed disease including targeted therapies. EXPERT OPINION: There is currently no accepted standard of care for DHL/THL. For frontline therapy, we recommend enrollment in a well-designed clinical trial if possible, otherwise DA-EPOCH-R with CNS prophylaxis is a commonly used first-line therapy. The authors recommend close surveillance for patients achieving complete response, but for those who fail to achieve a complete response, then clinical trials, more aggressive salvage chemotherapy regimens, or cellular therapies are usually considered.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/antagonistas & inibidores , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/administração & dosagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/administração & dosagem , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo/administração & dosagem , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/genética , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Recidiva , Prevenção Secundária , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/administração & dosagem , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico
15.
Am Heart J ; 220: 246-252, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911261

RESUMO

Approximately 5% of patients with sarcoidosis have clinically manifest cardiac involvement. Clinical features of Cardiac Sarcoidosis are dependent on the location, extent, and activity of the disease. First line therapy is usually with prednisone and this is recommended based on clinician experience, expert opinion and small observational cohorts. There are no published clinical trials in cardiac sarcoidosis and multiple experts in the field have called for randomized clinical trials to answer important patient care questions. Corticosteroid are associated with multiple adverse effects including hypertension, diabetes, weight gain, osteoporosis, and increased risk of infections. In contrast Methotrexate is generally well tolerated and is increasingly used in other forms of sarcoidosis. OBJECTIVES: The Cardiac Sarcoidosis Multi-Center Randomized Controlled Trial (CHASM CS-RCT; NCT03593759) is a multicenter randomized controlled trial designed to evaluate the optimal initial treatment strategy for patients with active cardiac sarcoidosis. We hypothesize that (1) a low dose prednisone/methotrexate combination will have non-inferior efficacy to standard dose prednisone and that (2) the low dose prednisone/ methotrexate combination will result in significantly better quality of life than standard dose prednisone, as a result of reduced burden of side effects. METHODS/DESIGN: Eligible study subjects will have active clinically manifest cardiac sarcoidosis presenting with one or more of the following clinical findings: advanced conduction system disease, significant sinus node dysfunction, non-sustained or sustained ventricular arrhythmia, left ventricular dysfunction or right ventricular dysfunction. Subjects will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to prednisone 0.5 mg/kg/day for 6 months (maximum dose 30 mg daily) OR to prednisone 20 mg daily for 1 month, then 10 mg daily for 1 month, then 5 mg daily for one month then stop AND methotrexate 15-20 mg once weekly for 6 months. The primary endpoint is summed perfusion rest score on 6-month PET (blinded core-lab review). The summed perfusion rest score is measure of myocardial fibrosis/scar. The design is non-inferiority with a sample size of 97 per group. DISCUSSION: Given the multiorgan system potential adverse side effects of prednisone, proving noninferiority of an alternate regimen would be sufficient to make the alternative compare favorably to standard dose steroids. This is the first ever clinical trial in cardiac sarcoidosis and thus in addition to the listed goals of the trial, we will also establish a multi-center, multinational cardiac sarcoidosis clinical trials network. Such a collaborative infrastructure will enable a new era of high quality data to guide physicians when treating cardiac sarcoidosis patients.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Metotrexato/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sarcoidose/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiomiopatias/complicações , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Estudos Multicêntricos como Assunto , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Projetos de Pesquisa , Sarcoidose/complicações
16.
Intern Med ; 59(9): 1163-1166, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31956202

RESUMO

An 88-year-old man was admitted for elevated liver enzyme levels. Nine years earlier, the patient had been diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and undergone rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin hydrochloride, oncovin, prednisone (R-CHOP) therapy. This patient previously had had a hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection before chemotherapy. After the chemotherapy, he was administered an luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist for prostate cancer. We diagnosed him with HBV reactivation because of positive serum HBV-DNA. HBV reactivation can occur a long time after chemotherapy, particularly if another treatment with immunity-altering drugs is added. In such cases, additional surveillance may be required to detect HBV reactivation.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Vírus da Hepatite B/fisiologia , Hepatite B/diagnóstico , Leuprolida/efeitos adversos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Hepatite B/virologia , Humanos , Masculino , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Ativação Viral
17.
Lupus ; 29(3): 263-272, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31996109

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate management practices for glucocorticoid (GC)-induced osteoporosis (GIOP) in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients using 2017 American College of Rheumatology guidelines as a gold standard. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study using a clinical database from the years 2011 to 2016. SLE cases with >90 days continuous prednisone use at doses of ≥7.51 mg daily were identified. Osteoporosis risk factors were assessed via chart review. The Fracture Risk Assessment (FRAX) score was estimated for patients > 40 years of age. Vitamin D, bisphosphonate prescriptions, and osteoporotic (OP) fractures were ascertained through chart review. A classification tree was used to identify the key patient-related predictors of bisphosphonate prescription. RESULTS: A total of 203 SLE patients met the inclusion criteria. The recommended dose of vitamin D supplement was prescribed to 58.9% of patients < 40 years of age and 61.5% of patients ≥ 40 years of age. Among patients aged ≥ 40 years, 25% were prescribed bisphosphonates compared to 36% who met indications for bisphosphonates per the ACR guidelines. Another 10% were prescribed a bisphosphonate, despite not having indication per the ACR guidelines, which was considered as overtreatment. Among patients aged ≥ 40 years, older age and a higher FRAX score for major OP fracture and hip fracture predicted bisphosphonate prescription. In a classification tree analysis, patients with FRAX scores (for major OP fracture) of ≥ 23.5% predicted bisphosphonate prescription in this SLE population. Among patients who had OP fractures in the follow-up period, nine (6.50%) were inpatients receiving appropriate GIOP care versus 12 (13.6%) who were inpatients not receiving ACR-appropriate care (p = 0.098). CONCLUSIONS: In clinical practice, fewer SLE patients with or at risk for GIOP are prescribed vitamin D and bisphosphonates than recommended by the 2017 ACR guidelines. Also, in this study, another 10% were prescribed a bisphosphonate, despite not having an indication per the ACR guidelines. Patients were most likely to receive a bisphosphonate prescription if they had a major OP FRAX score of > 23.5%.


Assuntos
Difosfonatos/uso terapêutico , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Osteoporose/prevenção & controle , Vitamina D/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Conservadores da Densidade Óssea/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Minnesota/epidemiologia , Osteoporose/induzido quimicamente , Fraturas por Osteoporose/epidemiologia , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reumatologia/métodos , Fatores de Risco , Vitaminas/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ren Fail ; 42(1): 122-130, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31957527

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of leflunomide (LEF) combined with prednisone for the treatment of PLA2R-associated primary membranous nephropathy (PMN) and changes in anti-PLA2R antibody titers after treatment.Methods: Sixty patients with nephrotic syndrome, biopsy-proven MN and anti-PLA2R antibody positivity were included in this study conducted from December 2017 to February 2019. The patients were randomly divided into an experimental group (n = 30) and a control group (n = 30). The patients in the experimental group were treated with LEF combined with prednisone, whereas the patients in the control group were treated with cyclophosphamide (CTX) combined with prednisone. We assessed 24-h urinary protein and serum albumin levels, kidney function markers, blood lipid levels and anti-PLA2R antibody titers before and after treatment. Adverse reactions during treatment were recorded.Results: After 16 weeks of treatment, there were 2 cases of complete remission and 6 cases of partial remission in the experimental group, with a total effective rate of 26.67%. In the control group, there were 4 cases of complete remission and 8 cases of partial remission, with a total effective rate of 40% (p > .05). After 24 weeks of treatment, the total effective rates of the experimental and control groups were 66.67% and 76.67%, respectively (p > .05). There were no significant differences in 24-h urinary protein, serum albumin, kidney function marker or blood lipid levels between the two groups after treatment (p > .05). However, there were fewer adverse reactions in the experimental group than in the control group (p < .05). After treatment, serum anti-PLA2R antibody titers were clearly decreased in patients with complete remission and partial remission (p < .05), but these levels remained relatively high in patients without remission (p > .05).Conclusion: LEF combined with prednisone has a certain efficacy for the treatment of PLA2R-associated PMN and provokes few adverse reactions. A large-sample randomized double-blind controlled study with a long follow-up period is needed to verify the efficacy of LEF combined with prednisone.


Assuntos
Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/complicações , Glomerulonefrite Membranosa/tratamento farmacológico , Leflunomida/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Nefrótica/complicações , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Leflunomida/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Proteinúria/tratamento farmacológico , Receptores da Fosfolipase A2/imunologia , Indução de Remissão , Albumina Sérica
19.
Lancet ; 395(10218): 132-141, 2020 01 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836199

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Standard-of-care treatment for patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma includes combination therapies for patients who are not eligible for autologous stem-cell transplantation. At the primary analysis for progression-free survival of the phase 3 ALCYONE trial, progression-free survival was significantly longer with daratumumab in combination with bortezomib, melphalan, and prednisone (D-VMP) versus bortezomib, melphalan, and prednisone (VMP) alone in patients with transplant-ineligible, newly diagnosed multiple myeloma. Here we report updated efficacy and safety results from a prespecified, interim, overall survival analysis of ALCYONE with more than 36 months of follow-up. METHODS: ALCYONE was a multicentre, randomised, open-label, active-controlled, phase 3 trial that enrolled patients between Feb 9, 2015, and July 14, 2016, at 162 sites in 25 countries across North America, South America, Europe, and the Asia-Pacific region. Patients were eligible for inclusion if they had newly diagnosed multiple myeloma and were ineligible for high-dose chemotherapy with autologous stem-cell transplantation, because of their age (≥65 years) or because of substantial comorbidities. Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio and by permuted block randomisation to receive D-VMP or VMP. An interactive web-based randomisation system was used. Randomisation was stratified by International Staging System disease stage, geographical region, and age. There was no masking to treatment assignments. All patients received up to nine 6-week cycles of subcutaneous bortezomib (1·3 mg/m2 of body surface area on days 1, 4, 8, 11, 22, 25, 29, and 32 of cycle one and on days 1, 8, 22, and 29 of cycles two through nine), oral melphalan (9 mg/m2 once daily on days 1 through 4 of each cycle), and oral prednisone (60 mg/m2 once daily on days 1 through 4 of each cycle). Patients in the D-VMP group also received intravenous daratumumab (16 mg/kg of bodyweight, once weekly during cycle one, once every 3 weeks in cycles two through nine, and once every 4 weeks thereafter as maintenance therapy until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity). The primary endpoint was progression-free survival, which has been reported previously. Results presented are from a prespecified interim analysis for overall survival. The primary analysis population (including for overall survival) was the intention-to-treat population of all patients who were randomly assigned to treatment. The safety population included patients who received any dose of study treatment. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02195479. FINDINGS: 706 patients were randomly assigned to treatment groups (350 to the D-VMP group, 356 to the VMP group). At a median follow-up of 40·1 months (IQR 37·4-43·1), a significant benefit in overall survival was observed for the D-VMP group. The hazard ratio (HR) for death in the D-VMP group compared with the VMP group was 0·60 (95% CI 0·46-0·80; p=0·0003). The Kaplan-Meier estimate of the 36-month rate of overall survival was 78·0% (95% CI 73·2-82·0) in the D-VMP group and 67·9% (62·6-72·6) in the VMP group. Progression-free survival, the primary endpoint, remained significantly improved for the D-VMP group (HR 0·42 [0·34-0·51]; p<0·0001). The most frequent adverse events during maintenance daratumumab monotherapy in patients in the D-VMP group were respiratory infections (54 [19%] of 278 patients had upper respiratory tract infections; 42 [15%] had bronchitis, 34 [12%] had viral upper respiratory tract infections), cough (34 [12%]), and diarrhoea (28 [10%]). INTERPRETATION: D-VMP prolonged overall survival in patients with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma who were ineligible for stem-cell transplantation. With more than 3 years of follow-up, the D-VMP group continued to show significant improvement in progression-free survival, with no new safety concerns. FUNDING: Janssen Research & Development.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Bortezomib/administração & dosagem , Melfalan/administração & dosagem , Mieloma Múltiplo/tratamento farmacológico , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Ásia , Bortezomib/efeitos adversos , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada/efeitos adversos , Europa (Continente) , Feminino , Humanos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção , Masculino , Melfalan/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mieloma Múltiplo/mortalidade , América do Norte , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , América do Sul , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Support Care Cancer ; 28(2): 571-579, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31093770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Myelosuppressive chemotherapy-induced febrile neutropenia (FN) is a life-threatening condition. Patients receiving granulocyte colony-stimulating factors (G-CSF) have shorter duration of neutropenia, faster recovery from fever, and shorter duration of antibiotics use. Most strategies for FN prevention using daily G-CSF and pegfilgrastim are based on overseas studies. Data on Japanese patients were lacking; thus, we previously determined the incidence of FN in non-Hodgkin B cell lymphoma (B-NHL) patients at our center. Here, we aimed to gain additional insights into pegfilgrastim use in this population. METHODS: This single-center, retrospective, observational study (STOP FN in NHL 2) enrolled patients with B-NHL who underwent a regimen comprising rituximab and CHOP therapy over a 2-year period (January 2015-June 2017). The incidence of FN in cycle 1 of chemotherapy, risk factors for FN development, and use of daily G-CSF and pegfilgrastim were evaluated. RESULTS: We evaluated 239 patients: 61 patients did not receive G-CSF and 178 received G-CSF. The incidence of FN was 10.5% (95% confidence interval [CI] 6.9-15.1%) in cycle 1 and 13.0% (95% CI 9.0-17.9%) in all cycles. The FN incidence was significantly lower (P = 0.0008) in patients receiving daily G-CSF and pegfilgrastim than patients not receiving G-CSF. Significant risk factors for FN were age ≥ 65 years, albumin < 3.5 g/dL, hemoglobin < 12 g/dL, and no prophylaxis with daily G-CSF/pegfilgrastim during cycle 1. CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of FN in cycle 1 and in all cycles and the identified risk factors were similar with those we previously reported; thus, our results validate previous findings. TRIAL REGISTRATION: UMIN000029534.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Neutropenia Febril Induzida por Quimioterapia/diagnóstico por imagem , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Fator Estimulador de Colônias de Granulócitos/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Rituximab/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Filgrastim , Humanos , Incidência , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polietilenoglicóis , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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