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1.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1237-1242, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913162

RESUMO

Aims: We evaluated and compared EndoActivator, CanalBrush, and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) in the removal of calcium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide with iodoform and p-chlorophenol paste (Calcipast Forte) from artificial standardized grooves in the apical third of root canals. Materials and Methods: A total of 34 mandibular premolars were prepared and then split longitudinally. A standardized groove was prepared in the apical part of both segments. The grooves were filled with either calcium hydroxide or Calcipast Forte, and the segments were reassembled. CanalBrush, EndoActivator, or PUI were used. The amount of remaining medicament was evaluated using a four-grade scoring system. Results: None of the irrigation methods could completely remove the pastes from the grooves. More Calcipast Forte paste was detected compared with calcium hydroxide (P < 0.01). PUI was the least effective method in removing Calcipast Forte. Conclusions: It was more difficult to remove Calcipast Forte than a water-based calcium hydroxide paste.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Clorofenóis , Cavidade Pulpar/patologia , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Humanos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Terapia por Ultrassom/instrumentação , Ultrassom , Água
2.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Educação Pré-Odontológica/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e039, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374813

RESUMO

To compare the shaping ability of different single-file systems in the preparation of mesial curved canals of mandibular molars using micro-CT technology. Fifteen mesial roots of mandibular molars with two independent and curved canals (n = 30) were selected, scanned at a resolution of 26.7 µm anatomically matched, and distributed into three groups (n = 10), according to the preparation system: WaveOne 25.08, Reciproc 25.08, and OneShape 25.06. A final micro-CT scanning was performed, data sets were registered with their respective counterparts, and compared regarding the three-dimensional (volume, surface area, and structure model index - SMI) and two-dimensional (perimeter, area, roundness, major and minor diameters) parameters, as well as, canal transportation, using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests (α = 5%). Overall, no difference was observed between groups regarding area, perimeter, volume, surface area, and canal transportation (p > 0.05). Within group, no canal transportation was significantly higherobserved in the apical third (0.10 ± 0.05 mm) compared to coronal (0.08±0.040 mm) and middle (0.07 ± 0.03 mm) thirds (p < 0.05). Structure model index (SMI) was statistically higher after preparation with OneShape instrument (0.36 ± 0.26) compared to other systems (p < 0.05). Within the parameters of this study, similar shaping ability was observed in the preparation of mesial curved root canals of mandibular molars with Reciproc, OneShape and WaveOne systems.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Análise de Variância , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
4.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(4): 510-514, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246658

RESUMO

Background: There were no comparing data about the effect of recently developed file system OneCurve on apical debris extrusion. Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the influence of the rotary nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files on apical debris extrusion after cervical preflaring. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six lower incisor teeth with a single root canal were used in this study. After the determination of working length, the specimens were divided into six experimental groups according to root canal preparation. G1: ProTaper-Next, G2: EndoFlare + ProTaper-Next, G3: 2Shape, G4: EndoFlare + 2Shape, G5: OneCurve, and G6: EndoFlare + OneCurve. Each specimen was inserted into separate preweighed Eppendorf tubes to collect apically extruded debris. A total of 8 mL of distilled water was used for each specimen for irrigation. After the completion of root canal preparation, the Eppendorf tubes were weighed again after evaporation to calculate the amount of extruded debris. The data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (P > 0.05). Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the experimental groups. The amount of apically extruded debris was similar after preparing root canals with ProTaper-Next, 2Shape, and OneCurve with and without cervical preflaring. Conclusion: Under the conditions of this in vitro study, ProTaper-Next, 2Shape, and OneCurve files had similar apical debris extrusion values. Cervical preflaring of root canals did not affect the amount of apically extruded debris.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Titânio , Ápice Dentário/cirurgia
5.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 38, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of newly developed TruNatomy instruments (TRN) in single and double (S-shaped) curvature canals with HyFlex CM (HCM), Vortex Blue (VB) and RaCe (RC) instruments. METHODS: Size 20/.04 taper and size 25/0.04 of HCM, VB and RC were used. For TRN instruments, size 20/.04 taper (small) and size 26/.04 taper (prime) were used. The instruments were tested in artificial canals with double curvature (coronal curve; 60° curvature, 5 mm radius and apical curve; 70° curvature and 2 mm radius) and single curvature (60° curvature, 5 mm radius). The number of cycles to failure (NCF) was recorded. Data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's multiple comparison tests. Weibull analysis was performed on NCF data. Statistical significant was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: TRN and HCM revealed higher NCF compared with the other instruments for both tested sizes in single and double curvature canals (p < 0.05). TRN and HCM showed no statistically significant difference in the NCF (p > 0.05). The probability of survival was higher for HCM and TRN instruments than VB and RC instruments. CONCLUSIONS: HCM and TRN instruments were more resistant to cyclic fatigue than VB and RC instruments in single and double curvature canals. HCM and TRN instruments were anticipated to survive with higher number of cycles than the other tested instruments. RC instrument had the lowest fatigue resistance than the other instruments.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Titânio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
6.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(2): 212-218, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031096

RESUMO

Objectives: This single-blind, randomized clinical trial (RCT) aimed to compare the duration, intensity, and incidence of postoperative pain after foraminal enlargement (FE) with continuous rotary systems and reciprocating instruments. Materials and Methods: Sixty qualified patients were randomly divided into the following two groups: the ProTaper Next group and the WaveOne group. Participants were selected from patients who had both asymptomatic necrosis and asymptomatic apical periodontitis with a single root canal. Endodontic treatment was performed in one visit, and the patients were asked to record their pain severity and analgesic consumption during a 7-day follow-up period using a visual analog scale (VAS). The data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Chi-square test (P < 0.05). Results: A significant difference was observed between the two groups during the first two days of follow-up (P < 0.05). Pain experience was higher in FEs that had been created by reciprocating instruments than by continuous rotary systems. There were no significant differences in VAS pain scores over the other days (P > 0.05). None of the patients had severe postoperative pain during the follow-up period. No significant differences were observed in the prevalence of analgesic consumption between either group (P > 0.05). Conclusions: This RCT indicates that in the 2-day follow-up period after endodontic treatment, FEs created by reciprocated instruments associated more postoperative pain than continuous rotary systems.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Adulto , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Cavidade Pulpar/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(1): 41-45, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929205

RESUMO

Objective: This in vitro study aimed to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of HyFlex EDM (HEDM), Vortex Blue (VB), ProTaper Gold (PG), and OneCurve (OC) nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments. Materials and Methods: About 12 HEDM (25/.~), 12 VB (25/.06), 12 PG (25/.08), and 12°C (25/.06) instruments were included in this study. All the instruments were tested with a 60° angle of curvature and a 3-mm radius of curvature. All the instruments were utilized until fracture occurred, and then the number of cycles to failure (NCF) was calculated. The data were analyzed statistically using Kruskal-Wallis H and Mann-Whitney U-tests. The statistical significance level was set at P < 0.05. Results: HEDM instruments had the highest cyclic fatigue resistance among all the other instruments (P < 0.05). The OC instruments had a significantly higher fatigue resistance than the PG and VB instruments (P < 0.05); however, there was no significant difference between PG and VB instruments in the NCF (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it was found that the cyclic fatigue resistance was higher for the HEDM instruments than for the VB, PG, and OC instruments.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias/química , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Ligas , Desenho de Equipamento , Ouro , Humanos , Níquel/química , Titânio/química
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(1): 79-83, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31929211

RESUMO

Objectives: The aim of this study was to evaluate the quantity of apically extruded debris after canal shaping with three single-file systems. Materials and Methods: Sixty mesiobuccal canals of mandibular molars were divided into three experimental groups according to the used file systems-WaveOne Gold, RECIPROC Blue, and HyFlex EDM One file. Debris extruded during canal shaping were collected in preweighed vials. Each canal was irrigated with 5 mL of distilled water via a 30 G side-vented needle. The amount of the debris extruded from each canal was calculated by subtracting the preinstrumentation from postinstrumentation measurement. The preparation times were recorded. Data were analyzed using analysis of variance (ANOVA) and posthoc Tukey tests with α = 0.05. Results: WaveOne Gold extruded the least amount of debris. Results between WaveOne Gold and HyFlex EDM were significantly different. No significant differences in canal shaping time were detected among the three groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: WaveOne Gold showed the best results regarding apical debris extrusion. Difference between WaveOne Gold and HyFlex EDM suggests that file design and motion kinematics affect the quantity of debris extrusion.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Ápice Dentário/cirurgia , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos
9.
Lasers Med Sci ; 35(1): 205-211, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31321596

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the amount of extruded endodontic irrigant among needle-syringe irrigation (NSI) and laser-activated irrigation (LAI) regimens. Twenty extracted maxillary central incisors were prepared utilizing GT professional rotary files (size 40, taper 0.06). Irrigation was performed with two 27 G irrigation needles (notched open ended (ON) and single side vented (SV)) each at two different irrigant volumetric flow rates (VFR)-0.05 ml/s (3 ml/min) and 0.10 ml/s (6 ml/min). LAI was performed with Er:YAG (erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet) using different fiber types (X-Pulse-14/400 cylindrical tip, Preciso- 14/300 flat cylindrical tip, PIPS- 14/400 quartz tapered tip). The Er:YAG laser with a wavelength of 2940 nm (Lightwalker AT, Fotona, Ljubljana, Slovenia) was used according to the following protocol: 10 mJ per pulse, 15 Hz, pulse duration 50 µs. Irrigation time was 60 s for all protocols. Precision syringe pump (PSP) maintained constant irrigant volumetric flow rate. Apically extruded irrigant was collected and net weighed for each protocol (N = 10). Data were analyzed by t tests and Kruskal-Wallis. All LAI regimens had statistically significant lower irrigant extrusion compared with NSI except for the SV 27 G needle used with 0.05 ml/s VFR when compared with the Preciso fiber tip (p = 0,230). The largest amount of extruded irrigant was with the ON 27 G needle at the 0.10 ml/s VFR, while the smallest was after LAI with PIPS fiber tip. The lower quantity of apically extruded irrigant during LAI (X-Pulse and PIPS) points out a safer endodontic irrigation method compared with conventional irrigations.


Assuntos
Lasers de Estado Sólido , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/metabolismo , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/metabolismo , Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos da radiação , Humanos , Agulhas , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação
10.
J Endod ; 46(1): 110-115, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31740067

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare a reduction in working length and area of canal enlargement resulting from instrumentation with Hedström (Kerr Dental, Orange, CA), K (Kerr Dental), ProTaper Next (Dentsply Sirona, York, PA), and TF Adaptive (Kerr Dental) files. The effect of the canal curvature on the working length and area of canal enlargement was also assessed. METHODS: A total of 80 plastic canal models were used, 40 with a canal curvature of 10° and another 40 with a canal curvature of 30°. Instrumentation of 10 models with a 10° canal curvature and 10 models with a 30° canal curvature was performed using each of the file systems up to size 25. Working length measurements were taken before and after instrumentation with each file type and size. Twenty composite images were made from superimposition of pre- and postpreparation photographs, and the difference in area was calculated using ImageJ software (National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD). RESULTS: ProTaper Next rotary files and TF Adaptive files produced the smallest reduction in the working length and the least canal enlargement followed by Hedström files and K files, respectively. The degree of canal curvature increased the working length reduction by a significant amount when K files and ProTaper Next rotary files were used, and the degree of curvature increased canal enlargement by a significant amount when K files were used. CONCLUSIONS: Nickel-titanium rotary files produced more favorable results than stainless steel hand files in terms of maintaining a consistent working length and producing minimal canal enlargement. Hedström files performed significantly better than K files in terms of working length reduction and canal enlargement.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Ligas Dentárias , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Titânio
11.
PLoS One ; 14(11): e0224793, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31751375

RESUMO

AIM: To compare the efficiency of continuous wave obturation and cold lateral condensation techniques and filling time in C-shape canals of 3-dimensional (3D)-printed resin teeth shaped with Reciproc Blue (VDW) or Hyflex EDM (Coltene/Whaledent). METHODOLOGY: One tooth with C1-type orifice and root canal morphology and one with C2-type orifice and C2-C3 root canal morphology were selected based on CBCT. Two replicas of selected teeth were manufactured with a 3D-printer and their canals were instrumented with Reciproc Blue or Hyflex EDM. These 4 instrumented replicas were scanned with CBCT. Identical 10 replicas of each group (total of 40) were produced using a 3D-printer and randomly divided into 2 groups (n = 5), root filled with either continuous wave obturation (CW) or cold lateral condensation (LC). Horizontal cross-sections of C1-type were made at 2, 4, 6, 8 mm and C2-type at 2, 4, 6 mm from the apical foramen. Gutta-percha, sealer and void areas were evaluated with image analysis sofware. Data were analysed using nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis and Mann Whitney-U tests and the Factorial ANOVA was used for interaction effects. Time required to fill canals was evaluated using the Mann-Whitney U test. RESULTS: For C1-type, LC had more gutta-percha and less sealer compared to CW in 2-mm sections (p<0.05). CW had greater percentages of gutta-percha and lower percentages of sealer compared with LC group in 4, 6, 8 mm sections and total area (p<0.05). LC group had higher percentages of voids compared to CW group in 2 and 4 mm sections (p<0.05). For C2-type, CW had more gutta-percha and less sealer versus LC group in all sections and total area (p<0.05). LC had the least gutta-percha and greatest sealer percentages at 6-mm sections (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference in the percentages of voids at any level of sections between the filling techniques (p>0.05). In both C-types, there was no significant difference in the percentages of gutta-percha, sealer and voids between Reciproc Blue and Hyflex EDM-shaped groups at any level (p>0.05). Time spent for the LC technique and filling C1-type was significantly longer than when using the CW technique and filling C2-type (p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Continuous wave obturation was more effective than lateral condensation in both C1- and C2-type, except for the apical 2 mm section of C1-type, suggesting the need for a modified CW technique.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Obturação do Canal Radicular/métodos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Tomografia Computadorizada de Feixe Cônico , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Modelos Anatômicos , Impressão Tridimensional , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e097, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31664360

RESUMO

To evaluate the torsional properties of engine-driven pathfinding instruments manufactured from different NiTi alloys - R-Pilot (tip size 12.5;.04 taper; M-Wire) and One G (tip size 14;.03 taper; Conventional NiTi). A total of 40 NiTi instruments from engine-driven pathfinding instruments (n = 20) were used. The torsion tests followed ISO 3630-1 (1992). Three millimeters of each instrument tip was fastened to a small load cell by a lever arm linked to the axis of torsion. During the test, the torsion testing machine software measured the maximum torsional strength and angle of rotation (0) before instrument failure. The fractured surface of each instrument was assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In addition, a supplementary examination was performed to measure the cross-sectional area and the metal mass volume of each instrument 3 mm from the tip. Data were analyzed using a t-test, with significance level set at 5%. R-pilot had significantly higher torsional strength than did One G (p < 0.05). Regarding the angle of rotation to fracture, One G had higher angles than did R-Pilot (p < 0.05). The supplementary examination showed that R-Pilot had the highest cross-sectional area and volume of metal mass at 3 mm from the tip (p < 0.05). R-pilot (M-Wire NiTi alloy) had a significantly higher torsional strength and One-G (superelastic NiTi alloy) had the highest angle of rotation to fracture.


Assuntos
Ligas/química , Ligas Dentárias/química , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Análise de Variância , Desenho de Equipamento , Análise de Falha de Equipamento , Teste de Materiais , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Estresse Mecânico , Propriedades de Superfície , Torque
13.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(10): 1335-1340, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31607721

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cyclic fatigue resistances of the WaveOne Gold (WOG), ProTaper Next (PTN), 2Shape (TS) instruments. Materials and Methods: Totally 45 new WOG (25/.07), PTN (25/.06), TS (25/.06) files were tested inside the artificial canal of a custom-made stainless steel block with an inner diameter of 1.5 mm, a 60° angle, and a 5-mm radius of curvature. A 16-mm-long file segment (from the tip) was introduced and was immersed in 37°C water. The number of cycles to fracture (NCF), time to failure (TTF), fractured fragment length (FL) was recorded and the fractured surface was examined using microscope. Results: WOG > PTN > TS according to TTF results (P = 0.00). PTN > TS according to NCF results (P = 0.00). The FL values showed no significant difference (P = 0.335). Conclusions: Reciprocating motion can be used more safely than continuous rotation due to the higher cyclic fatigue resistance.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Temperatura , Ligas , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Falha de Equipamento , Ouro , Humanos , Níquel , Rotação , Aço Inoxidável , Titânio
14.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(3 Suppl. 1): 51-61, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31538450

RESUMO

This study is to compare the cleaning effectiveness of two Ni-Ti files systems. Thirty single-rooted human teeth were selected and two NiTi rotary systems were used. Group A: canal shaping with ProTaper® Universal (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) (PTU); Group B: (n=15) canal shaping with Mtwo Ni-Ti instruments (Sweden and Martina, Padova, Italy) and apical finishing with Mtwo Apical Ni-Ti instruments (Sweden and Martina, Padova, Italy). The amount of debris and smear layer were quantified on a basis of a numerical evaluation scale. The data established for scoring the debris and the smear layer was recorded separately and statistically analysed using the Kruskal-Wallis test. No significant differences were found for debris. Mtwo instruments resulted in significantly less smear layer (P less than 0.05) compared with ProTaper® Universal. Under the conditions of this study, Mtwo resulted in significantly less smear layer compared with canal preparation with ProTaper® Universal.


Assuntos
Desenho de Equipamento , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Camada de Esfregaço , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Titânio
15.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e021, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508722

RESUMO

This study investigated the effectiveness of XP-Endo Finisher (XPF) associated with XP-Endo Shaper (XPS) or Reciproc Blue (RB) files in reducing bacterial load in oval-shaped root canals (RC) during chemomechanical preparation (CMP) using 0.9% saline solution (NaCl) or 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl). Eighty mandibular incisors with single oval-shaped RC were contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. The teeth were randomly assigned to eight experimental groups (n = 10) according to the CMP, as follows: G1: XPS, G2: XPS + XPF, G3: RB, and G4: RB + XPF. CMP was performed with NaCl or NaOCl. The reduction of bacterial load was assessed by colony-forming unit count before (S1) and after (S2) CMP. Data normality was verified by using Shapiro-Wilk test. ANOVA, Tukey's test, and Bonferroni post-hoc test were used at a 5% significance level. Culturable bacteria were present in all S1 samples (p>0.05). All instrumentation techniques were effective in reducing bacterial load, irrespective of the irrigating solution (p < 0.05). With the use of NaCl, RB was more effective than XPS (p = 0.035). With the use of NaOCl, XPS and RB presented similar effectiveness (p = 0.779). XPF enhanced the bacterial reduction of both systems tested (p < 0.05). The use of NaOCl improved the CMP, irrespective of the instrumentation technique used (p < 0.05). In conclusion, XPS and RB files are effective in reducing bacterial levels in oval-shaped RC. The use of XPF as a method of agitation of the irrigating solution improved the cleaning efficiency of both file systems tested. Mechanical preparation performed with saline solution decreased culturable bacteria from the root canal, but antimicrobial substances such as NaOCl should be used to achieve a significantly better disinfection.


Assuntos
Carga Bacteriana , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Desinfetantes/uso terapêutico , Enterococcus faecalis/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas , Humanos , Incisivo , Teste de Materiais , Solução Salina/uso terapêutico , Hipoclorito de Sódio/uso terapêutico
16.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e039, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508729

RESUMO

This clinical study compared the effectiveness of two rotary systems: HyFlex CM (Coltene-Whaledent, Altstetten, Switzerland) and ProTaper Next (Dentsply Sirona, Ballaigues, Switzerland) on the removal of cultivable bacteria and endotoxins from primarily infected root canals. This study was designed as a randomized single-blinded, 2-arm, clinical trial. Twenty-four primarily infected root canals were selected and randomly divided into 2 groups: HyFlex CM (n = 12); and ProTaper Next (n = 12). Samples were collected before and after the biomechanical preparation and inoculated in specific flasks. Irrigation was performed using 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. A kinetic turbidimetric lysate assay of limulus amoebocytes was used to quantify endotoxins. Microbiological culture technique was used to determine the count of bacterial colony forming units (CFU/mL). Data collected were statistically analyzed using SigmaPlot 12.0 for Windows. The Two-Way ANOVA statistical test was performed and the level of significance was 5%. In the samples before the biomechanical preparation, cultivable bacteria and endotoxins were evidenced in 100% of the cases. The culture analysis revealed that there was no statistically significant difference in the bacterial reduction between the two instrumentation systems. Endotoxins were present in 100% of the canals after instrumentation and there was no statistical difference between the two systems in endotoxin reduction. Thus, it was concluded that both instrumentation systems were effective in reducing root canal bacteria and endotoxins with primary endodontic infection and that there was no statistical difference between them. However, no system was able to eliminate 100% of the bacteria and their by-products.


Assuntos
Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/microbiologia , Lipopolissacarídeos/análise , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Adulto , Carga Bacteriana , Técnicas Bacteriológicas , Endotoxinas/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Teste de Materiais , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(9): 1236-1240, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31489860

RESUMO

Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of intracanal separated instruments with different lenghts on periapical pH levels using calcium hydroxide (CH) as an intracanal medicament. Materials and Methods: In total, 60 teeth were used. Following root canal preparation, teeth were divided into four groups (n = 15). In Group 1, 2 mm and in Group 2, 4 mm weakened from the tip of Revo-S NiTi SC2 (Micro-Mega, Besancon, France) instruments were separated in the apical portion of root canals. In Group 3, there was no separated instrument. CH paste was placed in the first three groups. In Group 4, there was no separated instrument or CH paste. Teeth were placed in containers with deionized distilled water. After 1 h and 1, 2, 7, 15, and 30 days, the pH of the solution was measured. Results: At 1 h, Group 3 showed a significantly higher pH than Groups 1 (2 mm) and 2 (4 mm; P < 0.05). At the same time point, Group 1 (2 mm) showed a higher pH than Group 2 (4 mm) without significance. At 1, 2, 7, 15, and 30 days, Group 2 (4 mm) showed a significantly lower pH than Groups 1 (2 mm) and 3 (P < 0.05). At the same time points, Group 1 (2 mm) showed a lower pH than Group 3 without significance. Conclusions: Separated instrument may affect the rise in periapical pH level when using CH as the intracanal dressing. Therefore, 4 mm of separated instrument in the apical third showed a significant effect.


Assuntos
Cimentos para Ossos/farmacologia , Hidróxido de Cálcio/farmacologia , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Dente/efeitos dos fármacos , Bandagens , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/administração & dosagem , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Irrigação Terapêutica/instrumentação , Dente/fisiologia
18.
Med Sci Monit ; 25: 6351-6358, 2019 Aug 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31444318

RESUMO

BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to evaluate the ability of different rotary glide path techniques to maintain canal anatomy by comparing canal transportation and centring abilities in curved root canals using X-ray micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). MATERIAL AND METHODS We selected 36 root canals and randomly assigned them to 3 groups. The first group was instrumented using Pathfile (PF) 1 and PF2, the second group using PF2, and the third group using a Proglider (PG) instrument. Selected tooth samples were scanned using a micro-CT system with 8-µm resolution. Centring ability and transportation were compared at 5 levels: 0.5 mm (A0) and 1 mm (A1) from apical foramen, at the point of maximum root curvature (C0), at 1 mm below it (C-), and 1 mm above it (C+). Area, ratio of areas (RA), perimeter, centroid shift, mean diameter, and ratio of diameter ratios (RDR) were assessed. RESULTS In all groups, there were no significant differences between different levels in all parameters (p>0.05). In group 1, the centroid shift was greatest at A0 and C-, and the least impact was at C0. In group 2, the biggest impacts were at C- and A0, and the smallest at C+. In group 3, the greatest impacts were at A0 and A1, and the smallest at C0. CONCLUSIONS All 3 instrument groups performed very similarly, without significant differences in canal-shaping parameters. Overall, using just PF2 instead of PF 1 and 2 created very similar shaping results, which could reduce the number of instruments needed and the cost of treatment.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Dente Molar , Ápice Dentário , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
19.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180689, 2019 Aug 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411264

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the root canal preparation and apical enlargement of molar root canals with rotary or reciprocating heat-treated nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments, by using micro-computed tomography (micro-CT). METHODOLOGY: Mesial root canals (n=48) of mandibular molars, with a curvature between 20° and 40°, were prepared with ProDesign Logic (PDL) 25.01 and 25.06 in rotary motion, or ProDesign R (PDR) 25.06 in reciprocating motion (PDR). Apical enlargement was performed with PDL35.01 and PDL35.05 or PDR35.05. Scanning with 9 µm resolution was performed before and after preparation, and, after apical enlargement, by using micro-CT. The percentage of volume increase, debris and untouched root canal surface, transportation, centralization and preparation time were analyzed. ANOVA and Tukey or Kruskall-Wallis and Dunn statistical tests were conducted (α=.05). RESULTS: PDL promoted a higher apical percentage of volume increase, and lower percentage of debris and untouched root canal surface than PDR 25.06 preparation in entire canal and in all thirds (P<.05). Apical enlargement with PDL 35.05 and PDR 35.05 produced a higher percentage of volume increase in the apical region in relation to the initial preparation (P<.05). PDR 35.05 and PDL 35.05 showed similar results in relation to percentage of debris and untouched root canal surface in entire canal and in all thirds (P>.05). Centralization and transportation showed no difference (P>.05). PDR required less time to perform preparation and apical enlargement (P<.05). CONCLUSIONS: The apical enlargement 35.05 with CM heat-treatment instruments using reciprocating and rotary motion reduced the percentage of debris and untouched root canal surface, without causing deviations or procedural errors. The protocol of greater apical enlargement favors the cleaning of the root canals in both kinematics. Preparation by the reciprocating system was faster than by the rotary system.


Assuntos
Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Titânio , Análise de Variância , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Temperatura Alta , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Valores de Referência , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Propriedades de Superfície , Microtomografia por Raio-X
20.
Adv Clin Exp Med ; 28(10): 1311-1319, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31469948

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Endodontic treatment is one of the most widely performed procedures in a dental office. New techniques for enhancing the effectiveness of irrigants are being introduced into the dental market. It is crucial to choose a proper method to obtain the highest possible long-term success of performed endodontic treatment. Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) appears to be one of the most common and profitable solutions for root canal irrigation. The activation of a solution may be analyzed in 2 fields, physical - turbulence of flow, and chemical - disintegration of irrigant molecules into very active radicals that improve its activity. While the physical alternations of irrigant flow with different techniques are widely studied, there are not many attempts to approach the subject in chemical terms. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare the chemical effectiveness of 2 methods of NaOCl activation: ultrasonics vs the Self-Adjusting File system (SAF) as an adjunct to increase the efficacy of the irrigant. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The level of activation was evaluated via a reaction of the activated NaOCl samples, with 9-fluorenol as the starting organic material. The model reaction is based on the oxidation of 9-fluorenol to 9-fluorenon. The evaluation was performed using 1H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, comparing the spectra obtained for the examined mixtures. RESULTS: Nuclear magnetic resonance studies show that the use of ultrasonics resulted in increased chemical degradation of NaOCl as compared to the SAF system and non-agitated samples. The prevalence of chemical activation in the ultrasonic group over the SAF group was almost 3 times higher, 3.11 to 1.20, respectively. The Kruskal-Wallis rank sum test revealed there is a statistically significant difference in distributions between the groups. CONCLUSIONS: Both SAF and ultrasonics activate NaOCl. Ultrasonic agitation provided higher chemical activation of NaOCl solution than the SAF. The use of ultrasonic agitation of NaOCl in endodontic treatment will allow us to obtain better long-term clinical results.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos dos fármacos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/administração & dosagem , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Hipoclorito de Sódio/administração & dosagem , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Humanos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Hipoclorito de Sódio/química
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