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1.
J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad ; 33(2): 202-206, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34137529

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To compare the effect of ProTaper Next and One Shape rotary files on canal transportation and centering abilities in resin block with simulated curved canal. METHODS: An in-vitro experimental study was carried out in Dental clinics. Sixty resin blocks (30 per group) having simulated curved canals prepared with ProTaper Next and One Shape and then filled with red and blue Indian ink, respectively. Photographs of resin blocks obtained using standardized manner were then transferred to the Adobe Photoshop 7.0. Centering abilities and amount of transportation were then calculated at coronal, middle and apical portion of canal for both the groups. Independent sample t-test was used to compare the transportation and centering ability of both file systems. Level of significance was kept at p-value ≤0.01. RESULTS: One Shape file resulted in more canal transportation at all the levels (apical, middle and coronal part) as compared to ProTaper Next file, however, difference was not statistically significant (p-value >0.01). Statistically significant difference was noted at the apical third between these two rotary files with One Shape file showing more centered preparation as opposed to ProTaper Next file (p-value <0.01). CONCLUSIONS: One Shape file system had more centered canal preparations specifically at the apical region as compared to ProTaper Next. One Shape also lead to more canal transportation in comparison to ProTaper Next, however the difference was not statistically significant.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Cavidade Pulpar , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(3): e23865, 2021 Jan 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545953

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To study the effect of continuous irrigation of rotating nickel-titanium instrument with several common clinical fluids on the diameter, breaking length and breaking position of nickel-titanium instrument, so as to provide some reference and theoretical basis for clinical operation and instrument improvement.A standardized curved root canal model was established, and ProTaper Universal (PTU) F1 instrument was selected for root canal preparation. The nickel-titanium F1 instrument was flushed with distilled water, 0.9% NaCl, 0.2% chlorhexidine, 1% sodium hypochlorite and 5% sodium hypochlorite, and the diameter, length and position of the instrument before and after breakage were recorded.Only 5% sodium hypochlorite influenced the diameter of 6 mm marker points under different irrigation conditions (P < .05). There was no statistical difference in the length of broken instruments among all the groups, and torsional deformation mainly occurred at the end of broken instruments. The broken positions of instruments in all the groups were located at the bending segment of the root canal. The breaking frequency of the 5% sodium hypochlorite group was the highest in the area 3-5.5 mm away from apical foramen, while the other 4 groups had the highest breaking frequency in the area 0 to 1.5 mm away from apical foramen.External irrigation with different fluids did not influence the breaking length of instruments. The closer to the apical foramen was, the higher the breaking frequency of instruments was. However, only 5% sodium hypochlorite can affect the diameter of rotary nickel-titanium instruments, and may lead to early breakage of the instrument, indicating that the use of disinfectants, except 5% sodium hypochlorite, cannot reduce breakage resistance of nickel-titanium instrument compared with distilled water flushing. Furthermore, 5% hypochlorite could not be recommended for irrigation in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Materiais Biomédicos e Odontológicos , Clorexidina , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Humanos , Níquel , Solução Salina , Hipoclorito de Sódio , Irrigação Terapêutica , Titânio
3.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(3): 153-156, dic. 2020. ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1147976

RESUMO

La alta incidencia de fracturas dentarias producidas a distancia del tratamiento endodóntico ha llevado a desarrollar cambios en los procedimientos operatorios, con el objeto de conservar la mayor cantidad de estructura dentaria durante la terapia de conductos radiculares. En relación con esta idea, el sistema TruNatomy trabaja sobre el concepto de endodoncia mínimamente invasiva. Una zona altamente sensible a ser considerada es el área pericervical, delimitada 4 mm por encima y 4 mm por debajo de la cresta ósea. El objetivo del presente informe es analizar las propiedades y las características técnicas del sistema de instrumentación Tru- Natomy y los cambios conceptuales que su utilización implica (AU)


The high incidence of dental fractures in the long-term after endodontic treatment has led to analyzed how to change the endodontic procedures to preserve the dental structure during root canal therapy. The TruNatomy system was developed based on the concept of Minimally Invasive Endodontics. A highly sensitive zone to be considered is the pericervical area, restricted to 4 mm above and 4 mm below the bone crest. The objective of this report is to analyze the properties and technical characteristics of the TruNatomy instrumentation system and the changes in the concepts in the clinical treatment procedures as a result of its use (AU)


Assuntos
Fraturas dos Dentes/prevenção & controle , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Colo do Dente
4.
Endodoncia (Madr.) ; 38(3): 16-25, dic. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-200309

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Comparar en raíces mesiales de primeros molares mandibulares ex vivo, la acción de distintos sistemas de instrumentación en la conformación y limpieza de los conductos radiculares. Material y MÉTODOS: Se emplearon 25 raíces, cuyos conductos radiculares fueron instrumentados con los sistemas: WaveOne Gold, Reciproc, Mtwo, ProTaper Next y ProTaper Gold. Las raíces fueron seccionadas transversalmente a nivel de los tercios cervi-cal, medio y apical, y las muestras se analizaron con microscopía Confocal. En cada tercio se evaluó: a) Acción de los instrumentos sobre las paredes del conducto radicular, b) Presencia de istmos y su relación con la preparación quirúrgica y c) Medición en micrómetros cuadradas de las zonas no instrumentadas. Para la evaluación estadística se utilizó el análisis de varianza de dos factores con medidas repetidas en el factor tercio. El nivel de significación fue establecido en P < 0,05.RESULTADOS: Todos los sistemas mostraron una preparación regular de la superficie dentinaria excepto el Reciproc R25 que produjo zonas de desgarramiento de dentina. Con todos ellos se generaron fisuras dentinarias, dispuestas perpendiculares, oblicuas o paralelas a la pared del conducto radicular. Los istmos presentaban restos impactados en su interior. En ocasiones, ambos conductos mesiales se encontraban unidos por un istmo determinando a veces un conducto mediomesial. Se observó entre un 19.4% y 42.2% de la superficie de los conductos radiculares no instrumentada, sin diferencias significativas entre grupos ni entre tercios


OBJECTIVE: To compare ex vivo, the action of different systems in cleaning and shaping the mesial root canals of mandibular first molars. Material and METHODS: 25 roots were instrumented with the following systems: WaveOne Gold, Reciproc, Mtwo, ProTaper Next, and ProTaper Gold. The roots were cross-sectioned at the level of the cervical, middle, and apical thirds, and the samples were analyzed with Confocal microscopy. In each third, the following aspects were evaluated: a) Action of the instruments on the walls of the root canal, b) Presence of isthmus and their relationship with the surgical preparation, and c) Measurement in square micrometers of the non-instrumented areas. For the statistical evaluation, the two-factor analysis of varianza with repeated measures in the third factor was used. The level of significance was established at P < 0,05. RESULTS: All systems showed a regular preparation of the dentin surface except Reciproc R25 which produced areas of dentinal tears. With every system, dentin cracks were generated, arranged perpendicular, oblique, or parallel to the wall of the root canal. The isthmus showed the presence of debris packed inside. On occasions, both mesial canals were unified by an isthmus, sometimes conforming a middle mesial canal. Between 19.4% and 42.2% non-instrumented root canal surface was observed, without significant differences between groups or between thirds. CONCLUSIONS: None of the system used completely cleaned and shaped the root canals, leaving a significant porcentage of the dentinal walls non-instrumented


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Microscopia Confocal , Propriedades de Superfície , Valores de Referência , Dentina , Análise Fatorial
5.
J Med Life ; 13(3): 378-381, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072211

RESUMO

Although benefiting from an unprecedented technological evolution, contemporary endodontics is still characterized by the recurrence of retreatments, due to the need to solve quite frequent incidents, accidents, or even failures of primary endodontic treatment. This survey aims to assess both the etiology and the prevention methods of one of the most troublesome endodontic iatrogenies: instrument separation during root canal shaping. The multifactorial nature of this occurrence entails identifying and taking into account all the causal and contributing factors. Their significant number and the possible involvement of any of them, starting with the complexity and variability of the root canals and ending with the technical specifications concerning the nickel-titanium rotary instrumentation system being used, highlight the necessity to develop valid guidelines to avert the occurring of such an upsetting situation.


Assuntos
Endodontia , Doença Iatrogênica/prevenção & controle , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Falha de Equipamento , Humanos , Níquel , Titânio
6.
J Med Life ; 13(3): 393-398, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33072214

RESUMO

This study aims to analyze the performance of rotary root canal preparation, conducted by beginner operators (students). After acquiring the necessary skills involved in applying endodontic preparation techniques on extracted teeth, all students from a cohort learned to use ProTaper Universal files (Dentsply Maillefer). The preclinical training had several stages. Experience 1: instrumentation on extracted single-root teeth; Experience 2: instrumentation on EndoTraining blocks (Dentsply Maillefer); Experience 3: instrumentation on EndoTraining blocks (Dia Dent Group International); Experience 4: Instrumentation on extracted multiradicular teeth. Preparation was done according to the manufacturer's instructions, the initial file is Sx, followed by S1, S2, F1, F2 and the last file is F3. A batch of 50 teeth (E1, E2, E3, E4) was randomly selected to evaluate the onset of the rotary preparation of young operators. Two independent evaluators analyzed the array radiologically by stereomicroscope evaluation (E1, E4) and photo-analysis of the resulting Endo Training blocks (E2, E3). The success rate was 80% for E1, 72% for E2, 64% for E3 and 76% for E4 (p<0.05). The following were considered a failure: ledge formation and apical transportation in 10.66%, over instrumentation in 6.66%, zipping in 3.33%, and instrument fracture in 4% of cases. Endodontic instrumentation techniques require training to acquire the necessary skills. Rotary root canal instrumentation techniques used almost exclusively in modern endodontics require adequate preclinical training.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Desempenho Profissional , Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Endodontia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Extração Dentária
7.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(10): 1443-1448, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047704

RESUMO

Aim: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the different rotational speeds and creating a glide path on cyclic fatigue resistance of XP-endo Shaper® (XPS) (FKG Dentaire SA, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) at intracanal temperature. Materials and Methods: Ninety-six XPS files were divided into 6 groups [directly used at 1000 rpm (G1) or 3000 rpm (G4), with glide path at 1000 rpm (G2) or 3000 rpm (G4), without glide path at 1000 rpm (G3) and 3000 rpm (G6)]. All the instruments were rotated in a stainless-steel artificial canal with a 75° angle of curvature, 7.5 mm radius of curvature, and 1.3 mm inner diameter until the fracture occurred. The number of cycles to failure (NCF) and the length of the fractured (LF) segments were evaluated. Weibull analysis, one-way ANOVA, and Tukey multiple comparison tests were performed with the significance level set at 0.05. Results: NCF of 3000 rpm groups was statistically higher than that of 1000 rpm groups (P < 0.05). And time to fracture was found statistically higher in 1000 rpm as compared to 3000 rpm. The mean LF of the instruments was statistically insignificant (P > 0.05). There was no statistical difference within the groups subjected at 1000 rpm and 3000 rpm files used with or without a glide path (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Within the limitations of this in vitro study, it was determined that XPS can be used safely even at 3000 rpm speed with or without glide path.


Assuntos
Instrumentos Odontológicos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Falha de Equipamento , Humanos , Estresse Mecânico , Torção Mecânica
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1237-1242, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913162

RESUMO

Aims: We evaluated and compared EndoActivator, CanalBrush, and passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI) in the removal of calcium hydroxide and calcium hydroxide with iodoform and p-chlorophenol paste (Calcipast Forte) from artificial standardized grooves in the apical third of root canals. Materials and Methods: A total of 34 mandibular premolars were prepared and then split longitudinally. A standardized groove was prepared in the apical part of both segments. The grooves were filled with either calcium hydroxide or Calcipast Forte, and the segments were reassembled. CanalBrush, EndoActivator, or PUI were used. The amount of remaining medicament was evaluated using a four-grade scoring system. Results: None of the irrigation methods could completely remove the pastes from the grooves. More Calcipast Forte paste was detected compared with calcium hydroxide (P < 0.01). PUI was the least effective method in removing Calcipast Forte. Conclusions: It was more difficult to remove Calcipast Forte than a water-based calcium hydroxide paste.


Assuntos
Hidróxido de Cálcio/química , Clorofenóis , Cavidade Pulpar/patologia , Hidrocarbonetos Iodados , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/química , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/administração & dosagem , Terapia por Ultrassom/métodos , Humanos , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/química , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Irrigação Terapêutica/métodos , Terapia por Ultrassom/instrumentação , Ultrassom , Água
9.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238790, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32903275

RESUMO

The potential mechanical impact of different rotary systems used for root canal preparation has been a matter of debate for long. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of dentinal cracks after root canal instrumentation with various rotary systems, in vitro. One hundred and eighty intact lower central incisors were selected and randomly divided into fourteen treatment groups (n = 12/group) and a control group (n = 12). After decoronation, the root canals were instrumented with fourteen different rotary systems (E3, E3 azure, NT2, Hyflex CM, Hyflex EDM, 2Shape, OneCurve, ProTaper Next, ProTaper Gold, WaveOne Gold, Mtwo, Reciproc Blue, TF adaptive, K3XF). All roots were horizontally sectioned at 3, 6, and 9 mm from the apex with a low-speed saw under water-cooling. The slices were then examined under stereomicroscope for dentinal cracks. No cracks were found in the control group. Cracks were found in all treatment groups, predominantly in the 3 mm slices. There was no statistically significant difference in the number of cracks when comparing the different systems to each other at any section level. At 3 mm, however, five of the studied systems, namely K3XF (p = 0.004), Protaper Next (p = 0.001), Reciproc Blue (p<0.001), TF adaptive (p = 0.050), and 2Shape (p = 0.009) presented a significantly higher number of cracks than the control group. Within the limitations of this study, instrumented canals presented dentinal cracks, while uninstrumented ones presented no cracks after sectioning. There seems to be no significant difference among the tested systems regarding crack formation in the instrumented root canal wall. Crack formation occurred irrespective of the motion of the rotary system (rotational or reciprocation). Further studies are needed to clarify the factors that contribute to crack formation in the case of each individual rotary system.


Assuntos
Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Titânio , Ligas Dentárias , Dentina/lesões , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
10.
Rev. Asoc. Odontol. Argent ; 108(2): 52-56, mayo-ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121121

RESUMO

Objetivo: Evaluar radiográficamente 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos mediante el empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de alumnos de grado de una cátedra de endodoncia de una universidad argentina. Materiales y métodos: Se evaluaron 162 tratamientos endodónticos realizados ex vivo durante los años 2017, 2018 y 2019 (54 por cohorte) en premolares inferiores y superiores humanos por alumnos de grado de la cátedra de Endodoncia I de la Escuela de Odontología de la Universidad del Salvador / Asociación Odontológica Argentina. Para la instrumentación fue empleado el sistema ProTaper Next. La muestra se tomó de forma aleatoria. En un programa de presentación de computadora se incluyeron las radiografías periapicales pre- y posoperatoria para su evaluación. Un evaluador externo analizó las imágenes radiográficas de los tratamientos y los categorizó como correctos o incorrectos teniendo en cuenta tres requisitos excluyentes: la conformación de la preparación quirúrgica, el límite apical y la homogeneidad de la obturación. Para el análisis estadístico, se utilizó la frecuencia relativa (intervalo de confianza 95%) y la prueba de chi-cuadrado. Resultados: La evaluación radiográfica de los tratamientos endodónticos realizados mostró un número considerable de tratamientos correctos. Los resultados para cada cohorte (años 2017, 2018 y 2019) fueron del 96,3% (87,2- 99,5%), el 94,4% (84,6-98,8%) y el 98,2% (90,1-99,9%) respectivamente. El porcentaje global de tratamientos correctos fue del 96,3% (92,1-98,6%). La diferencia entre las cohortes no fue estadísticamente significativa (P>0,05). Conclusión: El empleo del sistema ProTaper Next por parte de estudiantes de grado evaluados mostró resultados radiográficamente satisfactorios en la instrumentación ex vivo de conductos radiculares de premolares inferiores y superiores humanos (AU)


Aim: To evaluate radiographically, 162 endodontic treatments performed ex vivo by three cohorts of students from a school of dentistry in Argentina, using ProTaper Next rotatory system in mandibular and maxillary human premolars. Materials and methods: 162 mandibular and maxillary human premolars received endodontic treatment by undergraduate students from the Department of Endodontics I of the School of Dentistry USAL/AOA. The treatments were performed ex vivo during the academic years 2017, 2018 and 2019 (54 teeth were chosen for each cohort) using the rotatory system ProTaper Next. The samples were taken randomly. Pre and postoperative radiographs were included in a computer presentation program for its evaluation. An external examiner analysed the radiographic images by the shape of the preparation, the apical limit, and the homogeneity of the obturation, considering the treatments well obturated (correct) or ill obturated (incorrect). To be considered correct the case had to meet all the requirements. The statistic calculations used in this study were: relative frequency (confidence interval 95%) and the chi-square test. Results: The radiographic evaluation showed a considerable number of endodontic treatments correctly done using ProTaper Next system. The percentages for each cohort were 96.3% (87.2-99.5%), 94.4% (84.6-98.8%) y 98.2% (90.1-99.9%) for years 2017, 2018 y 2019 respectively. Global percentage of correctly endodontic treatments was 96.3% (92.1-98.6%). The difference between the cohorts was not statistically significant (P>0.05). Conclusion: The use of ProTaper Next by the dental students evaluated showed satisfactory results in the ex vivo instrumentation of mandibular and maxillary human premolar root canals (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Equipamentos Odontológicos de Alta Rotação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Educação Pré-Odontológica/métodos , Avaliação Educacional , Argentina , Faculdades de Odontologia , Dente Pré-Molar , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Análise Estatística , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Cient. dent. (Ed. impr.) ; 17(2): 115-120, mayo-ago. 2020. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-195099

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: el tratamiento de conductos produce cambios físico-químicos en la dentina y una pérdida estructural significativa para el diente, lo que lo hace más susceptible a la fractura. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: 64 premolares mandibulares fueron decoronados y divididos aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos (n = 16): grupo control (CG) no tratado, grupo instrumentado ProTaperGold® (PTG®) (25.08), grupo instrumentado ProTaperNext® (PTN®) (25.06) y grupo instrumentado WaveOne Gold PRIMARY® (WOG®) (25.07). Durante la instrumentación, se realizó la irrigación con NaOCl al 5,25% con una jeringa Monoject® y tras la instrumentación, las muestras se irrigaron con NaOCl, EDTA 17% y NaOCl activado sónicamente. Los conductos radiculares se obturaron utilizando el sistema B&L®, y posteriormente se colocaron en bloques de resina acrílica estandarizados para ser cargados con una fuerza vertical constan-te de 0,02 mm/s hasta que se produjo la fractura de la raíz, mediante una máquina de ensayo universal (ME-405/20, Servo-sis®). Las comparaciones entre grupos se analizaron con la prueba ANOVA.RESULTADOS: No hubo diferencias esta-dísticamente significativas (p > 0,05) entre el GC y los grupos instrumentados con PTN® y WOG®; tampoco entre los grupos PTN® y WOG®. Sin embargo, se obtuvieron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre el grupo instrumentado con PTG® y el resto de los grupos, siendo el grupo PTG® el más susceptible a la frac-tura. CONCLUSIONES: El sistema PTG® fue el que más debilitó las raíces después de la instrumentación, en comparación con los sistemas WOG® y PTN®


INTRODUCTION: root canal treatment produces physicist-chemist changes in the dentine and a significant structural loss for the tooth what makes it more susceptible to fracture. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 64 mandibular premolar were decoronated and randomly divided into four groups (n = 16): control group (CG) non-treated, ProTaper Gold(TM) (PTG(TM)) instrumented group (25.08), ProTaper Next(TM) (PTN(TM)) instrumented group (25.06) and WaveOne Gold(TM) PRIMARY (WOG(TM)) instrumented group (25.07). While shaping, cleaning was done with NaOCl 5,25% using a Monoject(TM) syringe and after shaping, roots were irrigated with NaOCl, EDTA 17% and NaOCl sonically activated. Root canals were obturated using B&L(TM) system, embedded into standardized acrylic resin blocks and load with a constant vertical force of 0,02 mm/s until root fracture was produced using a universal testing machine (ME-405/20, Servosis(TM)). Comparisons among groups were analyzed with ANOVA test. RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences (p > 0.05) between the CG and the groups instrumented with PTN(TM) and WOG(TM); neither among PTN(TM) and WOG(TM) groups. However, statistically significant differences were obtained between the group instrumented with PTG(TM) and the rest of the groups being PTG(TM) group the most susceptible to fracture. CONCLUSIONS: PTG(TM) system was the one that weakened more the roots after the instrumentation in comparison with the WOG(TM) and PTN(TM) systems


Assuntos
Humanos , Preparo da Cavidade Dentária/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes/etiologia , Fraturas dos Dentes/terapia , Dente Pré-Molar/lesões , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Análise de Variância , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico
12.
Folia Med (Plovdiv) ; 62(2): 352-357, 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32666763

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The full decontamination and disinfection of the root canal system is essential for the success of regenerative endodontic procedures. The current literature does not have information regarding mechanical cleaning of immature teeth with contemporary endodontic instuments. AIM: To compare the thickness and volume of the dentin removed from the roots of immature teeth after endodontic preparation using XP-endo Finisher, GentleFile Brush and a standard H-file scraping technique through micro-computed tomography. METHODS: The study included 51 immature permanent molars. Endodontic access was prepared and without performing preliminary extirpation of the pulp, the teeth were divided into three groups. The first group of teeth were instrumented for two minutes with XP-endo Finisher, the second - two minutes with Gentlefile Brush, in the third group the root canals walls were scraped with a No. 40 H-file. The thickness and the volume of the removed dentin was assessed using micro-CT imaging before and after the use of the instruments. RESULTS: There is no statistically significant difference in the mean values of thickness of dentin removed between the teeth, prepared with XP-endo finisher and Gentlefile Brush. When comparing the mean values of volume of dentin removed between the separate groups, a statistically significant difference was discovered for every compared pair with the highest volume of removed dentin in the group prepared with a hand instrument. CONCLUSION: The endodontic systems tested when used in immature permanent teeth remove significantly less quantity of hard dental structures compared to a hand file for scraping the root canal.


Assuntos
Instrumentos Odontológicos , Dentina/diagnóstico por imagem , Dentição Permanente , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Adolescente , Dentina/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Masculino , Microtomografia por Raio-X
13.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 175, 2020 06 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32571285

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preliminary canal enlargement (glide path preparation) may play a significant role in the development of pain. The aim of this systematic review of randomized clinical trials was to assess the influence of glide path kinematics during endodontic treatment on the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and postoperative pain. METHODS: A search was performed in June 2019 in six electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, LILACS, SciELO, Embase and Web of Science) and two grey literature databases (OpenGrey and OpenThesis). The bibliographic references of the eligible articles were also hand-searched. The included clinical studies assessed the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and/or postoperative pain after root canal preparation without glide path preparation (WGP) or with glide path preparation using manual (M-GP), continuous rotary (CR-GP), or reciprocating (R-GP) instruments. The primary outcome was the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and postoperative pain, while analgesic consumption was the secondary outcome. The full texts of the eligible studies were analyzed by two reviewers who performed calibration exercises to verify the risk of bias and quality of the individual studies using the Joanna Briggs Institute Critical Appraisal tool. RESULTS: From 1283 identified articles, only six studies were included in the qualitative analysis of the results, with a total sample of 884 patients/teeth. Three studies presented a high risk of bias, while three studies presented a moderate risk. Two studies reported that CR-GP causes lower pain levels than M-GP and WGP, and three studies showed no differences between CR-GP and R-GP. Regarding analgesic consumption, two studies found no differences among glide path kinematics, and one study reported lower consumption for CR-GP than for M-GP. Because of the limited number of studies and methodological differences, no statistical analyses were performed for the glide path kinematics comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: Compelling evidence indicating a significantly different occurrence and intensity of pain among glide path kinematics is lacking. The systematic review protocol was registered in the PROSPERO database [CRD42020139989].


Assuntos
Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos , Fenômenos Biomecânicos , Humanos
14.
Braz Oral Res ; 34: e039, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32374813

RESUMO

To compare the shaping ability of different single-file systems in the preparation of mesial curved canals of mandibular molars using micro-CT technology. Fifteen mesial roots of mandibular molars with two independent and curved canals (n = 30) were selected, scanned at a resolution of 26.7 µm anatomically matched, and distributed into three groups (n = 10), according to the preparation system: WaveOne 25.08, Reciproc 25.08, and OneShape 25.06. A final micro-CT scanning was performed, data sets were registered with their respective counterparts, and compared regarding the three-dimensional (volume, surface area, and structure model index - SMI) and two-dimensional (perimeter, area, roundness, major and minor diameters) parameters, as well as, canal transportation, using ANOVA and post hoc Tukey tests (α = 5%). Overall, no difference was observed between groups regarding area, perimeter, volume, surface area, and canal transportation (p > 0.05). Within group, no canal transportation was significantly higherobserved in the apical third (0.10 ± 0.05 mm) compared to coronal (0.08±0.040 mm) and middle (0.07 ± 0.03 mm) thirds (p < 0.05). Structure model index (SMI) was statistically higher after preparation with OneShape instrument (0.36 ± 0.26) compared to other systems (p < 0.05). Within the parameters of this study, similar shaping ability was observed in the preparation of mesial curved root canals of mandibular molars with Reciproc, OneShape and WaveOne systems.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Cavidade Pulpar/diagnóstico por imagem , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Análise de Variância , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Desenho de Equipamento , Humanos , Teste de Materiais , Dente Molar/anatomia & histologia , Valores de Referência , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Microtomografia por Raio-X/métodos
15.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(4): 510-514, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32246658

RESUMO

Background: There were no comparing data about the effect of recently developed file system OneCurve on apical debris extrusion. Aim: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the influence of the rotary nickel-titanium (Ni-Ti) files on apical debris extrusion after cervical preflaring. Materials and Methods: Sixty-six lower incisor teeth with a single root canal were used in this study. After the determination of working length, the specimens were divided into six experimental groups according to root canal preparation. G1: ProTaper-Next, G2: EndoFlare + ProTaper-Next, G3: 2Shape, G4: EndoFlare + 2Shape, G5: OneCurve, and G6: EndoFlare + OneCurve. Each specimen was inserted into separate preweighed Eppendorf tubes to collect apically extruded debris. A total of 8 mL of distilled water was used for each specimen for irrigation. After the completion of root canal preparation, the Eppendorf tubes were weighed again after evaporation to calculate the amount of extruded debris. The data were statistically analyzed with one-way analysis of variance (P > 0.05). Results: There was no statistically significant difference between the experimental groups. The amount of apically extruded debris was similar after preparing root canals with ProTaper-Next, 2Shape, and OneCurve with and without cervical preflaring. Conclusion: Under the conditions of this in vitro study, ProTaper-Next, 2Shape, and OneCurve files had similar apical debris extrusion values. Cervical preflaring of root canals did not affect the amount of apically extruded debris.


Assuntos
Preparo de Canal Radicular , Humanos , Incisivo/cirurgia , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Titânio , Ápice Dentário/cirurgia
16.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 111, 2020 04 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299409

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evaluate the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth after cervical preflaring and root canal preparation and to assess the volume of the root canal and the amount of remaining root dentin before and after cervical preflaring. METHODS: Forty-four mandibular incisors were selected using micro-CT scanning and distributed into 4 groups (n = 11) according to the instrument used for cervical preflaring: control group - no cervical preflaring; Gates Glidden - burs size #2 and #3; WXN - 25.07 Navigator instrument; and Easy - 25.08 ProDesign S instrument. Coronal opening was performed, and the canals were prepared with Wave One Gold Primary and filled with an epoxy-resin based sealer and gutta-percha cones. Micro-CT scans were performed before and after root canal instrumentation. All images were reconstructed and assessed for the thickness of mesial and distal root dentin at 3 mm and 5 mm from the cement -enamel junction and for the volume of cervical portion of the canal after preparation. Fracture resistance test was performed applying compressive loads at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min, applied on the palatal aspect of specimens at 135° along the long axis of the tooth. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey's test (P = .05). RESULTS: Cervical preflaring and canal preparation reduced the dentin thickness (P < .05) and increased the canal volume (P < .05) in all groups at 3 mm an 5 mm. Cervical preflaring with Gates Gliden burs reduced the fracture resistance of endodontically treated teeth (P < .05). CONCLUSIONS: All instruments reduced the dentin thickness and increased the canal volume in the cervical at 3 mm and 5 mm. Gates Glidden reduced fracture resistance of mandibular incisors submitted to cervical preflaring, whereas NiTi instruments did not. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Cervical preflaring assumes particular importance previously to the root canal preparation because it minimizes the occurrence of operative accidents, and permits more accurate determination of working length and the apical diameter.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/patologia , Guta-Percha/uso terapêutico , Materiais Restauradores do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Dente não Vital/fisiopatologia , Resinas Epóxi/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Fraturas dos Dentes , Dente não Vital/diagnóstico por imagem
17.
Int. j. odontostomatol. (Print) ; 14(1): 109-116, mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056509

RESUMO

RESUMEN: Paredes sin instrumentar y con material obturador endodóntico residual pueden elevar la posibilidad de la falla adhesiva de postes de fibroresina. Las fresas de desobturación y conformación del espacio protésico poseen una sección circular, lo que dificulta una adecuada preparación y limpieza de las paredes de los conductos ovales. El objetivo del presente estudio fue evaluar la capacidad de limpieza ultrasónica del espacio protésico y cómo ésta influyó en la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresina en conductos ovales. Se utilizaron 30 premolares con conducto ovalado divididos aleatoriamente en 3 grupos de estudio (n=10), siendo: grupo A: preparación rotatoria con complemento ultrasónico, grupo B: preparación rotatoria y grupo C: grupo control. Postes de fibra de vidrio fueron cementados y luego de 7 días se realizaron cortes de un milímetro de grosor del tercio cervical y medio de cada muestra y se evaluó microscópicamente el área de gutapercha remanente y área efectiva de adhesión. Estos fueron sometidos a una prueba de push out evaluando la resistencia adhesiva de los postes. Finalmente fueron observados microscópicamente para analizar tipo de falla. Los resultados se analizaron mediante el test de ANOVA, Bonferroni, Kruskal-Wallis y Mann Whitney (p < 0.05), registrando diferencias estadísticamente significativas en la resistencia a tracción, área de gutapercha remanente y área disponible para la adhesión; además de una relación directa entre gutapercha remanente y menor resistencia a la tracción. Conclusiones: La preparación ultrasónica del espacio protésico aumenta la resistencia a la tracción de postes de fibroresinas cementados en conductos ovalados.


ABSTRACT: Untouched canal walls with residual filling materials can increase the probability of adhesive failure of fiber posts. The drills used for desobturation and conformation of the prosthetic space, has a circular cross section, which does not allow a proper preparation and cleaning of oval-shaped canal walls. The objective of the study was to evaluate the ultrasonic cleaning of the prosthetic space and how this influences the adhesive strength of fiber posts in oval-shaped canals. Thirty (30) oval-shaped canal premolars were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10): Group A: rotary desobturation with ultrasonic complement, group B: rotary desobturation without ultrasonic complement and group C: control group. Fiberglass posts were cemented; after 7 days, one-millimeter slices were performed, one of the cervical and another from the middle third of the root. The slices were analyzed under an optical microscope to evaluate remaining gutta percha and effective adhesion area. Samples were subjected to a push-out test to evaluate bond strength of the fiber resin posts. Finally, samples were evaluated microscopically to analyze the type of failure. The results were analyzed using ANOVA, Bonferroni, KruskalWallis and Mann Whitney test (p < 0.05), recording statistically significant differences in bond strength, remaining gutta-percha area and clean walls for adhesion; In addition, to a direct relationship between remaining gutta percha and lower adhesive strength, the ultrasonic preparation of the prosthetic space increases bond strength of fiber posts in oval canals.


Assuntos
Humanos , Osteotomia/métodos , Ultrassom , Técnica para Retentor Intrarradicular , Colagem Dentária , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Manejo de Espécimes , Técnicas In Vitro , Epidemiologia Experimental , Análise de Variância , Adesivos Dentinários , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos
18.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(2): 212-218, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32031096

RESUMO

Objectives: This single-blind, randomized clinical trial (RCT) aimed to compare the duration, intensity, and incidence of postoperative pain after foraminal enlargement (FE) with continuous rotary systems and reciprocating instruments. Materials and Methods: Sixty qualified patients were randomly divided into the following two groups: the ProTaper Next group and the WaveOne group. Participants were selected from patients who had both asymptomatic necrosis and asymptomatic apical periodontitis with a single root canal. Endodontic treatment was performed in one visit, and the patients were asked to record their pain severity and analgesic consumption during a 7-day follow-up period using a visual analog scale (VAS). The data were analyzed using the Mann-Whitney U-test and Chi-square test (P < 0.05). Results: A significant difference was observed between the two groups during the first two days of follow-up (P < 0.05). Pain experience was higher in FEs that had been created by reciprocating instruments than by continuous rotary systems. There were no significant differences in VAS pain scores over the other days (P > 0.05). None of the patients had severe postoperative pain during the follow-up period. No significant differences were observed in the prevalence of analgesic consumption between either group (P > 0.05). Conclusions: This RCT indicates that in the 2-day follow-up period after endodontic treatment, FEs created by reciprocated instruments associated more postoperative pain than continuous rotary systems.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/cirurgia , Necrose da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Dor Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Adulto , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Cavidade Pulpar/patologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/uso terapêutico , Método Simples-Cego , Resultado do Tratamento , Escala Visual Analógica
19.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 38, 2020 02 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32019522

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the cyclic fatigue resistance of newly developed TruNatomy instruments (TRN) in single and double (S-shaped) curvature canals with HyFlex CM (HCM), Vortex Blue (VB) and RaCe (RC) instruments. METHODS: Size 20/.04 taper and size 25/0.04 of HCM, VB and RC were used. For TRN instruments, size 20/.04 taper (small) and size 26/.04 taper (prime) were used. The instruments were tested in artificial canals with double curvature (coronal curve; 60° curvature, 5 mm radius and apical curve; 70° curvature and 2 mm radius) and single curvature (60° curvature, 5 mm radius). The number of cycles to failure (NCF) was recorded. Data were statistically analyzed by Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn's multiple comparison tests. Weibull analysis was performed on NCF data. Statistical significant was set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: TRN and HCM revealed higher NCF compared with the other instruments for both tested sizes in single and double curvature canals (p < 0.05). TRN and HCM showed no statistically significant difference in the NCF (p > 0.05). The probability of survival was higher for HCM and TRN instruments than VB and RC instruments. CONCLUSIONS: HCM and TRN instruments were more resistant to cyclic fatigue than VB and RC instruments in single and double curvature canals. HCM and TRN instruments were anticipated to survive with higher number of cycles than the other tested instruments. RC instrument had the lowest fatigue resistance than the other instruments.


Assuntos
Ligas Dentárias , Instrumentos Odontológicos , Cavidade Pulpar/anatomia & histologia , Níquel , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Preparo de Canal Radicular/métodos , Titânio , Análise do Estresse Dentário , Desenho de Equipamento , Falha de Equipamento , Humanos , Teste de Materiais
20.
Photobiomodul Photomed Laser Surg ; 38(3): 174-180, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31968180

RESUMO

Objective: To validate the capability of the dual wavelength laser (Er,Cr:YSGG and diode 940 nm) and the XP-Endoshaper and finisher in removing the smear layer from curved canals. Methods: Forty curved root canals were prepared using the R25 file of the Reciproc® system. The teeth were randomly divided into five groups: G1: negative control irrigated with distilled water, G2: positive control irrigated with EDTA 17% and a final rinse of NaOCl 3%, G3: XP-Endoshaper and finisher with EDTA 17%, G4: dual wavelength Er,Cr:YSGG (1.25 W, 50 Hz, 50 µs) and diode 940 nm (2 W, 50% DC), and G5: dual wavelength Er,Cr:YSGG (2 W, 20 Hz, 50 µs) and diode 940 nm (2 W, 50% DC). Laser scanning microscope images (1000 × ) were scored with the Hülsmann scoring system. Results: Superior smear layer removal was observed in G5 in comparison with G4, especially in the apical third of the canal. Furthermore, the XP-Endoshaper and finisher exhibited positive results in all parts of the canal. Conclusions: The higher power output of the Er,Cr:YSGG in the dual wavelength laser may be a suitable approach to remove the smear layer from the apical third of curved canals. Moreover, the XP-Endoshaper and finisher with EDTA could expose the dentinal tubules, however, the negative side effects of applying EDTA 17% for longer periods must be taken into consideration. This work is clinically significant as it addresses the main aim of endodontic treatment and provides a suitable method to remove the debris, smear layer, and bacterial remnants from the clinically challenging curved root canals.


Assuntos
Cavidade Pulpar/efeitos da radiação , Lasers Semicondutores , Lasers de Estado Sólido , Preparo de Canal Radicular/instrumentação , Camada de Esfregaço , Cavidade Pulpar/ultraestrutura , Dentina/efeitos da radiação , Dentina/ultraestrutura , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Distribuição Aleatória , Irrigantes do Canal Radicular/farmacologia , Propriedades de Superfície
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