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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(42): e17597, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31626136

RESUMO

Hyperuricemia has received increasing attention as a major public health problem. This study aims to investigate the risk factors for hyperuricemia and to explore the relationship between changes in biochemical variables and incident hyperuricemia.A cross-sectional and subsequently prospective study was performed among adults who took their health checkups at Zhejiang University Hospital. The participants who were free of hyperuricemia at baseline received annual follow-up examinations during a 6-year period. Cox proportional hazards regression analyses were conducted to calculate the risks for incident hyperuricemia.Of the 9238 participants enrolled, 1704 (18.4%) were diagnosed as hyperuricemia. During 21,757 person-years of follow-up, 1492 incident hyperuricemia cases were identified. The incidence of hyperuricemia was 68.58 cases per 1000 person-year of follow-up in the overall participants. The prevalence and the incidence of hyperuricemia increased greatly in female older than 50 years. High levels of BMI, SBP, FPG, TG, LDL-C, ALT, BUN, and creatinine increased the risk of hyperuricemia. Suffering fatty liver also increased the risk of hyperuricemia. Subjects with increasing DBP, TG, BUN, creatinine, or decreasing HDL-C were more likely to incident hyperuricemia.This study revealed that the change of diastolic blood pressure (DBP), serum triglycerides (TG), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level were independently associated with incident hyperuricemia.


Assuntos
HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Creatinina/sangue , Hiperuricemia/etiologia , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Ácido Úrico/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Nitrogênio da Ureia Sanguínea , Índice de Massa Corporal , China/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Hiperuricemia/sangue , Hiperuricemia/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores de Tempo
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17297, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574853

RESUMO

As a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, presence of hypertension (HT) necessitates the awareness of asymptomatic organ damage (AOD). The aim of this study was to measure plasma micro RNA-21 (miR-21) and the parameters that reflect AOD such as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), microalbuminuria (MAU) in hypertensive patients compared with healthy controls. In addition, the aim of this study was to evaluate plasma miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. The study includes 2 groups: 32 patients with HT and 32 healthy controls. First, we compared these 2 groups. Then, to underline the relationship between plasma miR-21 and HT, hypertensive patients were divided into 2 groups: with AOD and without AOD.Sixteen patients with HT had AOD. MiR-21 levels significantly correlated with clinical systolic and diastolic blood pressure, MAU, C-reactive protein, and CIMT. CIMT, miR-21, and MAU levels were significantly higher in patients with AOD.Our study showed increased miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , MicroRNAs/sangue , Adulto , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/etiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , MicroRNA Circulante/análise , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia/epidemiologia
3.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3177, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596412

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: analyze associations between demographic, academic, health, stress, overweight and obesity characteristics among nursing students. METHOD: this is a cross-sectional study with 95 students from a private university in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. A demographic, academic and health characterization questionnaire and the Assessment of Stress in Nursing Students (ASNS) scale were applied. Anthropometric measures were taken and descriptive and bivariate analyses were performed. RESULTS: female students predominated in this study, mean age: 25.6±5.87 years. Weight gain was observed in 52.6% of the students, with the 'Professional training' session reporting high (29.5%) and very high (36.8%) levels of stress. None of the stress scale sessions was associated with overweight and obesity. CONCLUSION: overweight and obesity were associated with male participants, high blood pressure, weight gain since the beginning of the course, altered waist circumference, no physical activity, eating more in stressful situations, and consumption of unhealthy foods.


Assuntos
Sobrepeso/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Índice de Massa Corporal , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Obesidade/prevenção & controle , Obesidade/psicologia , Sobrepeso/prevenção & controle , Circunferência da Cintura
5.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(9): e8827, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31482978

RESUMO

This study investigated the effects of tidal volume (TV) on the diagnostic value of pulse pressure variation (PPV) and the inferior vena cava dispensability index (IVC-DI) for volume responsiveness during mechanical ventilation. In patients undergoing elective surgery with mechanical ventilation, different TVs of 6, 9, and 12 mL/kg were given for two min. The left ventricular outflow tract velocity-time integral (VTI) was measured by transthoracic echocardiography. The IVC-DI was measured at sub-xyphoid transabdominal long axis. The PPV was measured via the radial artery and served as baseline. Index measurements were repeated after fluid challenge. VTI increased by more than 15% after fluid challenge, which was considered as volume responsive. Seventy-nine patients were enrolled, 38 of whom were considered positive volume responsive. Baseline data between the response group and the non-response group were similar. Receiver operating characteristic curve confirmed PPV accuracy in diagnosing an increase in volume responsiveness with increased TV. When TV was 12 mL/kg, the PPV area under the curve (AUC) was 0.93 and the threshold value was 15.5%. IVC-DI had the highest diagnostic accuracy at a TV of 9 mL/kg and an AUC of 0.79, with a threshold value of 15.3%. When TV increased to 12 mL/kg, the IVC-DI value decreased. When the TV was 9 and 12 mL/kg, PPV showed improved performance in diagnosing volume responsiveness than did IVC-DI. PPV diagnostic accuracy in mechanically ventilated patients was higher than IVC-DI. PPV accuracy in predicting volume responsiveness was increased by increasing TV.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Respiração Artificial , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Volume de Ventilação Pulmonar/fisiologia , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Ecocardiografia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Curva ROC , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int Heart J ; 60(5): 1184-1188, 2019 Sep 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31484860

RESUMO

We report the case of a 79-year-old man with acute myocardial infarction caused by left main trunk lesion, who experienced cardiogenic shock during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). To reverse the cardiogenic shock, we initiated veno-arterial extra corporeal membrane oxygenation (VA-ECMO) without an intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) due to the severe tortuosity of the left external iliac artery. Although PCI was successful, arterial pressure monitoring revealed that the pulse pressure was too low to recover from the cardiogenic shock of decreased cardiac contraction function (the left ventricular ejection fraction was 30%). Thus, we decided to use IABP from the brachial artery to improve the hemodynamics. Immediately after the deployment of a 6-Fr IABP system (Takumi) from the left brachial artery, the pulse pressure was restored and finally VA-ECMO was withdrawn from the patient without complications. Although using IABP in combination with VA-ECMO is a reasonable strategy for cardiogenic shock, the effectiveness of this combination remains controversial. In this case, IABP added to VA-ECMO clearly achieved an improvement of pulse pressure and vital signs. Based on this result, monitoring of the pulse waveform is an effective tool to determine whether the concomitant use of IABP with VA-ECMO is indicated. Moreover, when it is difficult to insert IABP from the femoral arteries, the use of a 6-Fr IABP system (Takumi) approaching from the brachial artery should be considered.


Assuntos
Oxigenação por Membrana Extracorpórea/métodos , Balão Intra-Aórtico/métodos , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Choque Cardiogênico/terapia , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Dor no Peito/diagnóstico , Dor no Peito/etiologia , Terapia Combinada , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/métodos , Medição de Risco , Choque Cardiogênico/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434374

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate blood pressure and vascular remodeling of OSAS by establishing the chronic-intermittent hypoxia model in rat. Methods: Experiments were performed on 35 adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were randomly divided into four groups: unhandled control group (with 5 rats in it), CIH group at 9/6/3 weeks (with 10 ratsin each group). Rats in CIH group went through 8-hour intermittent hypoxia everyday, and those in control group were raising normally. After 9-week experiment, blood pressure was measured. The changes of the following indexes were observed: pathological changes of aorta and the middle aorta thickness (HE staining), the collagen of aorta wall (Masson staining). The experimental data were analyzed by SPSS 24.0 statistical software. The variance was analyzed by one-way analysis of variance, and the irregularity was selected using the calibration t test. Results: The systolic and diastolic blood pressures of the CIH9, 6, and 3 weeks groups and the control group were: (127±13) and (79±9), (124±11) and (81±7), (101±11) and (75±9), (91±10) and (65±9) mmHg (1 mmHg=0.133 kPa). The systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure of the rats in the week of CIH 9 and 6 weeks were significantly higher than the control group (F=14.64, P=0.000; F=6.81, P=0.000). There was no significant difference in the mean blood pressure between the three groups of CIH and the control group. Membrane thickness in CIH9, 6 and 3 weeks and control group were: (20±2), (19±2), (14±2), (13±3) µm. Compared with the control group, the aortic pathology and thickness of the middle layer of the CIH9 and 6 weeks group were significantly thicker (F=20.24, P=0.000), but there was no significant difference between the CIH3 week group and the control group; the collagen deposition was unchanged compared with the control group. Conclusion: Intermittent hypoxia for 6 weeks or more in rats resulted in the increasement of blood pressure, morphological changes of aorta and vascular remodeling in thickened media.


Assuntos
Aorta Torácica/fisiopatologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipóxia/fisiopatologia , Remodelação Vascular/fisiologia , Animais , Doença Crônica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Hipóxia/complicações , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
8.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1120-1125, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417056

RESUMO

Aim: Wilson's disease (WD) presents with different phenotypes. Neurologic and liver involvement in WD are well documented. Few reports demonstrated cardiac and vascular involvement. Several studies showed an association between serum copper levels and atherosclerosis. Although WD is the prototype disease of copper metabolism, atherosclerosis has not been studied yet. The aim of this study is to assess aortic stiffness in WD. Materials and Methods: Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWV), augmentation pressure (AP), augmentation index (AIx), central aortic systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressures were measured using SphygmoCor (AtCor Medical) device in 32 patients with WD and 24 healthy controls. Results: Patients with WD and healthy controls were similar in terms of age sex, body mass index (BMI), and liver and kiney functions. However, patients with WD were anemic and thrombocytopenic. Echocardiographic parameters including left ventricular, atrial dimensions, and systolic and diastolic functions were similar between two groups. Patients with WD and healthy controls were compared. Baseline characteristics including age, sex, and BMI did not differ between groups. Central aortic systolic, diastolic, mean, and pulse pressures were similar between the groups. AP, AIx, and PWV did not differ between groups as well. Conclusion: Aortic stiffness in WD was similar in healthy controls.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Cobre/metabolismo , Ecocardiografia/métodos , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/diagnóstico por imagem , Análise de Onda de Pulso , Rigidez Vascular/fisiologia , Adulto , Anemia/epidemiologia , Pressão Arterial , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Degeneração Hepatolenticular/epidemiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombocitopenia/epidemiologia , Turquia/epidemiologia
9.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 22(8): 1140-1146, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31417059

RESUMO

Objective: Hypertension among adolescents is an emerging public health problem. The current study aims to estimate the burden of hypertension and identify its risk factors among male adolescents of intermediate and secondary schools. Subjects and Methods: This is a school-based cross-sectional study that targeted 400 male adolescents in the age group of 15-17 years. Blood pressure was defined as per the "Fourth report on the diagnosis, evaluation, and treatment of high blood pressure in children and adolescents". An electronic device approved for use by the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010, (Omron M3W; HEM-7202-E) was used for measuring blood pressure. CDC's body mass index tool was adopted for defining overweight and obesity. Descriptive analysis for hypertension and the risk factors were carried out. Chi-square test and odds ratios were calculated to assess any association between categorical variables. Results: Overall 36 (9.0%) adolescents had prehypertension and 69 (17.2%) had hypertension. Systolic prehypertension, systolic hypertension, diastolic prehypertension, and diastolic hypertension were present in 6.5%, 17.2%, 5.8%, and 9.0% of the adolescents, respectively. Bivariate analysis revealed that overweight and obesity, no physical activity, or once-a-week physical activity, positive family history of hypertension, and smoking were predictors of systolic prehypertension and showed a significant relationship with systolic hypertension. Conclusion: There is a considerable prevalence of prehypertension and hypertension, among school-going male adolescents. We recommend school-based health education programs and routine screening directed toward the risk factors of noncommunicable diseases like hypertension with special attention to obesity, physical inactivity, and smoking.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Pré-Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Exercício , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/etiologia , Masculino , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Sobrepeso/epidemiologia , Pré-Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Pré-Hipertensão/etiologia , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita/epidemiologia , Instituições Acadêmicas , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
JAMA ; 322(5): 409-420, 2019 08 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31386134

RESUMO

Importance: Blood pressure (BP) is a known risk factor for overall mortality and cardiovascular (CV)-specific fatal and nonfatal outcomes. It is uncertain which BP index is most strongly associated with these outcomes. Objective: To evaluate the association of BP indexes with death and a composite CV event. Design, Setting, and Participants: Longitudinal population-based cohort study of 11 135 adults from Europe, Asia, and South America with baseline observations collected from May 1988 to May 2010 (last follow-ups, August 2006-October 2016). Exposures: Blood pressure measured by an observer or an automated office machine; measured for 24 hours, during the day or the night; and the dipping ratio (nighttime divided by daytime readings). Main Outcomes and Measures: Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) expressed the risk of death or a CV event associated with BP increments of 20/10 mm Hg. Cardiovascular events included CV mortality combined with nonfatal coronary events, heart failure, and stroke. Improvement in model performance was assessed by the change in the area under the curve (AUC). Results: Among 11 135 participants (median age, 54.7 years, 49.3% women), 2836 participants died (18.5 per 1000 person-years) and 2049 (13.4 per 1000 person-years) experienced a CV event over a median of 13.8 years of follow-up. Both end points were significantly associated with all single systolic BP indexes (P < .001). For nighttime systolic BP level, the HR for total mortality was 1.23 (95% CI, 1.17-1.28) and for CV events, 1.36 (95% CI, 1.30-1.43). For the 24-hour systolic BP level, the HR for total mortality was 1.22 (95% CI, 1.16-1.28) and for CV events, 1.45 (95% CI, 1.37-1.54). With adjustment for any of the other systolic BP indexes, the associations of nighttime and 24-hour systolic BP with the primary outcomes remained statistically significant (HRs ranging from 1.17 [95% CI, 1.10-1.25] to 1.87 [95% CI, 1.62-2.16]). Base models that included single systolic BP indexes yielded an AUC of 0.83 for mortality and 0.84 for the CV outcomes. Adding 24-hour or nighttime systolic BP to base models that included other BP indexes resulted in incremental improvements in the AUC of 0.0013 to 0.0027 for mortality and 0.0031 to 0.0075 for the composite CV outcome. Adding any systolic BP index to models already including nighttime or 24-hour systolic BP did not significantly improve model performance. These findings were consistent for diastolic BP. Conclusions and Relevance: In this population-based cohort study, higher 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure measurements were significantly associated with greater risks of death and a composite CV outcome, even after adjusting for other office-based or ambulatory blood pressure measurements. Thus, 24-hour and nighttime blood pressure may be considered optimal measurements for estimating CV risk, although statistically, model improvement compared with other blood pressure indexes was small.


Assuntos
Monitorização Ambulatorial da Pressão Arterial , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Hipertensão/complicações , Adulto , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Ritmo Circadiano , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/mortalidade , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16278, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305409

RESUMO

To assess the effect of changing the sodium to potassium (Na/K) ratio on blood pressure at 4 years of follow-up.The measurements were carried out under identical conditions in two study periods (2008-2010 and 2012-2014). Urinary excretion of sodium and potassium (mmol/L) over 12 nocturnal hours was used to calculate the Na/K ratio and categorized by quintile. The 24-hour sodium and potassium intake was estimated using a validated equation. The mean BP was calculated from 3 measurements after 5 minutes of rest. Of the 15,105 participants at baseline, 14,014 completed the first follow-up. Participants without validated urine collection (n = 5,041), using antihypertensive medication (n = 3,860) at either time points or reporting bariatric surgery during follow-up (n = 45) were excluded. The differences between follow-up and baseline values were calculated for BP and the Na/K ratio. Analyses were stratified by sex and adjusted for confounding variables.Sodium intake did not change from baseline, but potassium intake increased by approximately 150 mg in both sexes (P < .001), with a consequent reduction of the Na/K ratio. The highest quintile of change in the Na/K ratio was associated with greater variation in BP. When adjusted for covariates, it is possible to observe an increase in SBP in women from the third quintile of the Na/K ratio, in men this increase was observed from the fourth quintile. However, for DBP this increase is observed from the third quintile in both men and women.Increase in SBP was observed in women from the third quintile of the Na/K ratio, in men this increase is observed from the fourth quintile. However, for DBP this increase is observed from the third quintile in both men and women. The Na/K ratio demonstrated a greater association in BP.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea , Potássio/urina , Sódio/urina , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/urina , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Brasil , Dieta , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(28): e16347, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31305424

RESUMO

Blood pressure variability (BPV) is an independent cardiovascular risk factor in hypertensive patients. The best method for quantifying BPV is still an object of debate. The existence of different BPV patterns, particularly age and arterial stiffness related, is postulated. Our aims were:Cross-sectional study in 108 elderly hypertensive hospitalized patients. Each patient underwent blood pressure measurements with 5 different modalities: 24 hour BP and pulse wave velocity (PWV) monitoring (24hBPM), measurement by nurses or physicians, self-measurement and beat-to-beat monitoring. Differences between maximum and minimum values (ΔBP), averages of the absolute differences between consecutive values (ARV) and coefficients of variation (CV) were calculated.ΔBP showed the wider values' dispersion (Δ systolic blood pressure (SBP): 66.4 ±â€Š22.9 and Δ diastolic blood pressure [DBP]: 45.0 ±â€Š13.5 mmHg). ARV and CV were highest with nurses' measurements (SBP-ARV 9.2 ±â€Š6.2; DBP-ARV 6.9 ±â€Š5.2; SBP-CV 7.6 ±â€Š5.3; DBP-CV 9.6 ±â€Š5.5). The strongest correlation was found comparing physicians' SBP measurements and 24hBPM ARVs (R2 0.23, P <.05). 24hBPM ΔSBP in a multivariate analysis was significantly associated with age (ß -3.85, SE 0.83; P <.001) and PWV (ß 20.29, SE 3.70; P <.001). Calcium antagonists were associated with a lower ΔSBP (ß -14.6, SE 6.1, P <.05) while diuretics and alpha-blockers with a significant increase (ß 14.4 SE 5.4, P <.01; ß 26.9 SE 11.7, P <.05).Age, PWV, diuretics, alpha-blockers, but also measurements obtained by nurses, increase BP variability while calcium antagonists reduce it. BP profiles in elderly in-hospital patients potentially provide important information; they should, however, be interpreted cautiously.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Masculino , Estudo de Prova de Conceito
14.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 836-844, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257329

RESUMO

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is defined as a mean pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) ≥ 25 mmHg at rest as assessed by right heart catheterization (RHC), and Doppler-derived systolic PAP (sPAPECHO) or tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) is widely used to screen for PH. However, the cutoff value of sPAPECHO or TRPG for detecting a mean PAP ≥ 25 mmHg that was determined invasively has not been well defined.We studied 189 patients who underwent RHC. Echocardiography was performed within 24 hours of invasive evaluation, and sPAPECHO was defined as the TRPG with right atrial pressure estimated on the basis of the current guideline.From the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the optimal sPAPECHO, and TRPG cutoffs for detecting PH were 41 mmHg (sensitivity, 92%; specificity, 91%; area under the curve = 0.95) and 36 mmHg (sensitivity, 90%; specificity, 93%; area under the curve = 0.95), respectively. The area under the TRPG ROC curve was similar to the area under the sPAPECHO ROC curve.Given that Doppler echocardiography is required to accurately detect PH rather than to accurately estimate systolic PAP, our results provide useful information with regard to screening patients for PH and recommending further investigations on PH.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Ecocardiografia Doppler/métodos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/diagnóstico , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão Pulmonar/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pressão Propulsora Pulmonar/fisiologia , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sístole
15.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 854-861, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257335

RESUMO

The aim of this single-arm pilot study was to determine the effects of whole-body vibration training (WBVT) on endothelial function in elderly patients with cardiovascular diseases, as well as its safety. A total of 20 elderly patients with stable cardiovascular diseases underwent WBVT, which consisted of five static resistance training exercises (squats, wide stance squats, toe-stands, squats + band, and front lunges). The parameters of WBVT included vertical vibrations, 30 Hz frequency, and a 3-mm peak-to-peak amplitude. Each vibration session lasted 30 seconds, with 120 seconds of rest between sessions. Before and after WBVT, the reactive hyperemia peripheral arterial tonometry index (RH-PAT index) and transcutaneous oxygen pressure (tcPO2) were recorded as a measure of endothelial function and peripheral blood circulation. Systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and arterial oxygen saturation of pulse oximetry (SpO2) were measured at each rest interval as well as before and after WBVT. All patients completed our WBVT protocol without adverse events. The RH-PAT index significantly increased following WBVT (1.42 to 2.06, P < 0.001). There were no significant changes in heart rate (P = 0.777), systolic blood pressure (P = 0.183), diastolic blood pressure (P = 0.925), or SpO2 (P = 0.248) during WBVT. In conclusion, we demonstrated the acute effects of WBVT on endothelial function, with no reports of adverse events. These findings support the need for further randomized controlled studies to investigate the long-term effects of WBVT.


Assuntos
Artérias/fisiopatologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Endotélio Vascular/fisiopatologia , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/instrumentação , Vasodilatação/fisiologia , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/fisiopatologia , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Força Muscular/fisiologia , Projetos Piloto , Pletismografia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Vibração
16.
Int Heart J ; 60(4): 876-885, 2019 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31257340

RESUMO

The clinical scenario, which is based on systolic blood pressure (SBP) upon admission, is useful for classifying and determining initial treatment for acute heart failure (HF). However, the prognostic significance of SBP following the initial treatment is unclear.The Japanese Heart Failure Syndrome with Preserved Ejection Fraction (JASPER) registry is a nationwide, observational, and prospective registration of consecutive Japanese patients hospitalized with HF with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) and left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%. We divided 525 patients into three groups based on their SBP on the day following hospitalization: high (SBP > 140 mmHg, n = 72, 13.7%); normal (100 ≤ SBP ≤ 140 mmHg, n = 379, 72.2%); and low (SBP < 100 mmHg, n = 74, 14.1%) groups. This analysis had two primary endpoints: (1) all-cause death and (2) all-cause death or rehospitalization for HF. In the Kaplan-Meier analysis, both of the endpoints were the highest in the low group (Log-Rank < 0.05, respectively). Compared to the normal and high groups, the low group demonstrated a higher prevalence of atrial fibrillation (67.1%, 63.9%, and 47.8%, P = 0.026) and the lowest left ventricular outflow tract velocity time integral determined by echocardiography (16.4 cm, 19.4 cm, and 23.3 cm, P = 0.001). In the multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis, low SBP on the day following hospitalization was an independent predictor of all-cause death (hazard ratio 1.868, 95% confidence interval 1.024-3.407, P = 0.042) and the composite endpoint (hazard ratio 1.660, 95% confidence interval 1.103-2.500, P = 0.015).Classification based on SBP on the day following initial treatment predicts post-discharge prognosis in hospitalized patients with HFpEF.


Assuntos
Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Alta do Paciente , Sistema de Registros , Função Ventricular Esquerda/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Causas de Morte/tendências , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/mortalidade , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Sístole
17.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(5): 925-931, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268637

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness and outcomes of endovascular treatment of TRAS with PTA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched our prospectively collected database looking at cases of TRAS between January 2005-December 2011. CCT was the gold-standart for diagnosis of TRAS. Parameters analysed comprised technical aspects, arterial blood pressure variation, and renal function. A minimum follow-up of 24 months was considered. RESULTS: Of the 2221 renal transplants performed in the selected period, 22 (0.9%) patients were identifi ed with TRAS. Fourteen (63.6%) were male and mean age was 377±14.8years (12-69). Kidney graft was from deceased donnors in 20 (80%) cases. On doppler evaluation, mean blood fl ow speed after transplantation, at TRAS diagnosis and after TAP was 210.6±99.5, 417±122.7 and 182.5±81.6mL/sec, respectively (p<0.001). For SBP and DBP, there was a signifi cant difference between between preintervention and all post-treatment time points (p<0.001). After 1 month of the procedure, there was stabilization of the Cr level with a signifi cant difference between mean Cr levels along time (p<0.001). After a mean follow-up of 16±4.2 (3-24) months, overall success rate was 100%. CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular treatment with PTA/stenting is a safe and effective option for managing TRAS, ensuring the functionality of the graft and normalization of blood pressure and renal function.


Assuntos
Angioplastia/métodos , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/etiologia , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Análise de Variância , Angiografia/métodos , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Criança , Creatinina/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obstrução da Artéria Renal/diagnóstico por imagem , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
18.
J Zoo Wildl Med ; 50(2): 389-395, 2019 Jun 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31260205

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to determine the accuracy of a noninvasive oscillometric method in relation to invasively measured blood pressure in anesthetized Bennett's wallabies (Macropus rufogriseus) and also to compare the accuracy of two commonly used oscillometric blood pressure monitors (manufactured by Cardell and Datascope). Eleven animals were anesthetized, and each animal was instrumented with an arterial catheter in the right medial metatarsal artery connected to a pressure transducer to obtain invasive measurements of systolic (SAP), diastolic (DAP), and mean (MAP) arterial blood pressure as well as a pressure waveform. A cuff connected to an oscillometric device was placed on the base of the tail for noninvasive measurements. Paired data from noninvasive and invasive blood pressure measurements (SAP, DAP, and MAP) were obtained every 5 min for 60 min. Bland-Altman plots were used to compare invasive and noninvasive measurements and calculate bias and 95% limits of agreement for SAP, DAP, and MAP. For both monitors, the bias of SAP, DAP, and MAP was significant, although the bias of the Cardell was consistently lower than that of the Datascope for all parameters. Limits of agreement were wide for all parameters. In conclusion, when using an oscillometric blood pressure monitor on anesthetized Bennett's wallabies, trends in blood pressure may be monitored, although all displayed readings may not represent the true blood pressure measurement. Indirect measurements of blood pressure made with the oscillometric device cannot substitute for direct measurements.


Assuntos
Determinação da Pressão Arterial/veterinária , Monitores de Pressão Arterial/veterinária , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Macropodidae/fisiologia , Oscilometria/veterinária , Anestesia/veterinária , Animais , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/instrumentação , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/métodos , Feminino , Masculino , Oscilometria/instrumentação
19.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 609-616, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To measure the magnitude of the effect of an individualized parameterization protocol for hemodynamic alarms in patients with acute myocardial infarction. METHOD: Pragmatic clinical trial, open label and single arm, whose intervention was performed through a protocol validated and tested in 32 patients using multiparametric monitors. The heart rate, blood pressure, respiratory rate, oxygen saturation and ST segment-monitoring were measured and classified for clinical consistency one hour before and after the intervention, for 64 hours. RESULTS: The protocol obtained Content Validity Index of 0.92. Of the 460 registered alarms, 261 were considered inconsistent before the intervention and 47 after it. The Relative Risk of inconsistent alarms after the protocol was 0.32 (95% CI 0.23-0.43, p <0.0001). CONCLUSION: The protocol proved to be a protective factor to the appearance of inconsistent clinical alarms of multiparametric monitors.


Assuntos
Monitorização Fisiológica/enfermagem , Infarto do Miocárdio/enfermagem , Idoso , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Alarmes Clínicos , Eletrocardiografia/enfermagem , Eletrocardiografia/normas , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monitorização Fisiológica/normas
20.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 144(2): 408-414, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348351

RESUMO

Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet surgery has been shown to decrease cost and hospital length of stay. The authors studied the use of virtual reality during wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet outpatient upper extremity surgery to assess its effect on patient pain, anxiety and fun. Patients undergoing wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet surgery were randomized to use (virtual reality) or not use (non-virtual reality) virtual reality during their procedures. Pain, fun, and anxiety were measured with a Likert scale at several time points, as were blood pressure and heart rate. A postoperative questionnaire was used to assess overall satisfaction. Virtual reality patients exhibited lower anxiety scores during injection, during the procedure, and at the end of the procedure. There were no differences in blood pressure, heart rate, or pain scores. Compared with non-virtual reality patients, virtual reality patients' fun scores were higher. Virtual reality patients felt the experience helped them to relax, and they would recommend virtual reality-assisted wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet surgery. Among patients with self-reported preexisting anxiety, virtual reality patients had lower pain and anxiety scores during injection of local anesthesia compared with non-virtual reality patients. This study demonstrates that readily available virtual reality hardware and software can provide a virtual reality experience that reduces patient anxiety both during the injection of local anesthesia and during the surgical procedure. (Plast. Reconstr. Surg. 144: 408, 2019.) CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Therapeutic, II.


Assuntos
Anestesia Local/métodos , Mãos/cirurgia , Realidade Virtual , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade/etiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Feminino , Felicidade , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Dor/prevenção & controle , Medição da Dor , Satisfação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Método Simples-Cego , Torniquetes , Vigília , Adulto Jovem
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