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1.
J Frailty Aging ; 10(2): 103-109, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33575698

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Limiting the number of dependent older people in coming years will be a major economic and human challenge. In response, the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed the «Integrated Care for Older People (ICOPE)¼ approach. The aim of the ICOPE program is to enable as many people as possible to age in good health. To reach this objective, the WHO proposes to follow the trajectory of an individual's intrinsic capacity, which is the composite of all their physical and mental capacities and comprised of multiple domains including mobility, cognition, vitality / nutrition, psychological state, vision, hearing. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program is to implement, in clinical practice at a large scale, the WHO ICOPE program in the Occitania region, in France, to promote healthy aging and maintain the autonomy of seniors using digital medicine. METHOD: The target population is independent seniors aged 60 years and over. To follow this population, the 6 domains of intrinsic capacity are systematically monitored with pre-established tools proposed by WHO especially STEP 1 which has been adapted in digital form to make remote and large-scale monitoring possible. Two tools were developed: the ICOPE MONITOR, an application, and the BOTFRAIL, a conversational robot. Both are connected to the Gerontopole frailty database. STEP 1 is performed every 4-6 months by professionals or seniors themselves. If a deterioration in one or more domains of intrinsic capacity is identified, an alert is generated by an algorithm which allows health professionals to quickly intervene. The operational implementation of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program in Occitania is done by the network of Territorial Teams of Aging and Prevention of Dependency (ETVPD) which have more than 2,200 members composed of professionals in the medical, medico-social and social sectors. Targeted actions have started to deploy the use of STEP 1 by healthcare professionals (physicians, nurses, pharmacists,…) or different institutions like French National old age insurance fund (CNAV), complementary pension funds (CEDIP), Departmental Council of Haute Garonne, etc. Perspective: The INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program draws significantly on numeric tools, e-health and digital medicine to facilitate communication and coordination between professionals and seniors. It seeks to screen and monitor 200,000 older people in Occitania region within 3 to 5 years and promote preventive actions. The French Presidential Plan Grand Age aims to largely implement the WHO ICOPE program in France following the experience of the INSPIRE ICOPE-CARE program in Occitania.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Geriatria , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Organização Mundial da Saúde , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , França , Geriatria/organização & administração , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Organização Mundial da Saúde/organização & administração
3.
BMC Musculoskelet Disord ; 22(1): 18, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402136

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Like with all cancers, multidisciplinary team (MDT) meetings are the norm in bone and soft tissue tumour (BST) management too. Problem in attendance of specialists due to geographical location is the one of the key barriers to effective functioning of MDTs. To overcome this problem, virtual MDTs involving videoconferencing or telemedicine have been proposed, but however this has been seldom used and tested. The COVID-19 pandemic forced the implementation of virtual MDTs in the Oxford sarcoma service in order to maintain normal service provision. We conducted a survey among the participants to evaluate its efficacy. METHODS: An online questionnaire comprising of 24 questions organised into 4 sections was circulated among all participants of the MDT after completion of 8 virtual MDTs. Opinions were sought comparing virtual MDTs to the conventional face-to-face MDTs on various aspects. A total of 36 responses were received and were evaluated. RESULTS: 72.8% were satisfied with the depth of discussion in virtual MDTs and 83.3% felt that the decision-making in diagnosis had not changed following the switch from face-to-face MDTs. About 86% reported to have all essential patient data was available to make decisions and 88.9% were satisfied with the time for discussion of patient issues over virtual platform. Three-fourths of the participants were satisfied (36.1% - highly satisfied; 38.9% - moderately satisfied) with virtual MDTs and 55.6% of them were happy to attend MDTs only by the virtual platform in the future. Regarding future, 77.8% of the participants opined that virtual MDTs would be the future of cancer care and an overwhelming majority (91.7%) felt that the present exercise would serve as a precursor to global MDTs involving specialists from abroad in the future. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that the forced switch to virtual MDTs in sarcoma care following the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic to be a viable and effective alternative to conventional face-to-face MDTs. With effective and efficient software in place, virtual MDTs would also facilitate in forming extended MDTs in seeking opinions on complex cases from specialists abroad and can expand cancer care globally.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Ósseas/terapia , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Oncologia/organização & administração , Neoplasias Musculares/terapia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Sarcoma/terapia , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Comunicação por Videoconferência/organização & administração , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Atitude Frente aos Computadores , Neoplasias Ósseas/diagnóstico , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Neoplasias Musculares/diagnóstico , Sarcoma/diagnóstico , Centros de Atenção Terciária
4.
Pharmaceut Med ; 35(1): 21-29, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33464482

RESUMO

The evolution of healthcare, together with the changing behaviour of healthcare professionals, means that medical affairs functions of pharmaceutical organisations are constantly reinventing themselves. The emergence of digital ways of working, expedited by the COVID-19 pandemic, means that pharmaceutical-healthcare relationships are evolving to operate in an increasingly virtual world. The value of the pharmaceutical medical affairs function is dependent on understanding customers' needs and providing the right knowledge at the right time to physicians. This requires a human-centric artificial intelligence (AI) approach for medical affairs, which allows the function to query internal and external data sets in a conversational format and receive timely, accurate and concise intelligence on their customers.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Gestão da Informação/organização & administração , Comunicação , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/economia , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/normas , Pessoal de Saúde , Humanos , Gestão da Informação/economia , Gestão da Informação/normas , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde
5.
Int J Gynaecol Obstet ; 152(2): 155-164, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341938

RESUMO

Worldwide, health systems and care approaches vary widely due to local reality, distance to facilities, cultural norms, resources, staff availability, geography, and politics. Consequently, globally maternal-newborn dyad care and outcomes are highly variable, leading to approximately 800 maternal deaths daily with a 100-fold difference among high- and low-resource countries. Irrespective of where care is received, maternal safety and wellbeing should be preserved. Despite ongoing efforts, however, this is not the case. Large gaps exist between spending and clinical outcomes. Segmented health care, coupled with poor planning and inadequate resource distribution, results in failure to provide essential life-saving treatment. The proposed solution is a regional integrated care model from midwife to advanced level III/IV care and the newborn unit, achieved through effective coordination by site, staff, and clinicians. This model has been successfully implemented in high- to low-resource countries in the past 20 years. In the large diverse population of the United States, constructive steps have been implemented to reduce high maternal mortality in black and rural communities. The COVID-19 pandemic demonstrates the feasibility of rapid resources coordination to provide effective advanced care. The proposed integration of resources will have a major positive impact on the maternal-newborn dyad.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Recursos em Saúde/organização & administração , Saúde do Lactente , Serviços de Saúde Materna , Afro-Americanos , Feminino , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Mortalidade Materna , Tocologia , Gravidez , População Rural , Estados Unidos
6.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0242046, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33347460

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Delivering integrated sexual and reproductive health services (SRHS) in emergencies is important in order to save lives of the most vulnerable as well as to combat poverty, reduce inequities and social injustice. More than 60% of preventable maternal deaths occur in conflict areas and especially among the internally displaced persons (IDP). Between 2016 and 2018, unprecedented violence erupted in the Kasaï's region, in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), called the Kamuina Nsapu Insurgency. During that period, an estimated three million of adolescent girls and women were forced to flee; and have faced growing threat to their health, safety, security, and well-being including significant sexual and reproductive health challenges. Between August 2016 and May 2017, the "Sous-Cluster sur les violences basées sur le genre (SC-VBG)" in DRC (2017) reported 1,429 Gender Based Violence (GBV) incidents in the 49 service delivery points in the provinces of Kasaï, Kasaï Central and Kasaï Oriental. Rape cases represented 79% of reported incidents whereas sexual assault and forced marriage accounted for respectively 11% and 4% of Gender Based Violence (GBV) among women and adolescent girls. This study aims to assess the availability of SRHS in the displaced camps in Kasaï; to evaluate the SRHS needs of young girls and women in the reproductive age (12-49). Studies of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) have often included adolescent girls under the age of 15 because of high prevalence of child marriage and early onset of childbearing, especially in the humanitarian context. According to the 2013 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), about 16% of surveyed women got married by age 14 while the prevalence of early child marriage (marriage by 15) was estimated at 30%; to assess the use of SRHS services and identify barriers as well as challenges for SRH service delivery and use. Findings from this study will help provide evidence to inform towards more needs-based and responsive SRH service delivery. This is hoped for ultimately improve the quality and effectiveness of services, when considering service delivery and response in humanitarian settings. DATA AND METHODS: We will conduct a mixed-methods study design, which will combine quantitative and qualitative approaches. Based on the estimation of the sample size, quantitative data will be drawn from the community-based survey (500 women of reproductive age per site) and health facility assessments will include assessments of 45 health facilities and 135 health providers' interviews. Qualitative data will comprise materials from 30 Key Informant Interviews (KII) and 24 Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), which are believed to achieve the needed saturation levels. Data analysis will include thematic and content analysis for the KIIs and FGDs using ATLAS.ti software for the qualitative arm. For the quantitative arm, data analysis will combine frequency and bivariate chi-square analysis, coupled with multi-level regression models, using Stata 15 software. Statistic differences will be established at the significance level of 0.05. We submitted this protocol to the national ethical committee of the ministry of health in September 2019 and it was approved in January 2020. It needs further approval from the Scientific Oversee Committee (SOC) and the Provincial Ministry of Health. Prior to data collection, informed consents will be obtained from all respondents.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Refugiados/psicologia , Serviços de Saúde Reprodutiva/organização & administração , Saúde da Mulher , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , República Democrática do Congo , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Saúde Reprodutiva , Saúde Sexual , Adulto Jovem
7.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(12): e2029419, 2020 12 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331918

RESUMO

Importance: Little is known about the breadth of health care networks or the degree to which different insurers' networks overlap. Objective: To quantify network breadth and exclusivity (ie, overlap) among primary care physician (PCP), cardiology, and general acute care hospital networks for employer-based (large group and small group), individually purchased (marketplace), Medicare Advantage (MA), and Medicaid managed care (MMC) plans. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study included 1192 networks from Vericred. The analytic unit was the network-zip code-clinician type-market, which captured attributes of networks from the perspective of a hypothetical patient seeking access to in-network clinicians or hospitals within a 60-minute drive. Exposures: Enrollment in a private insurance plan. Main Outcomes and Measures: Percentage of in-network physicians and/or hospitals within a 60-minute drive from a hypothetical patient in a given zip code (breadth). Number of physicians and/or hospitals within each network that overlapped with other insurers' networks, expressed as a percentage of the total possible number of shared connections (exclusivity). Descriptive statistics (mean, quantiles) were produced overall and by network breadth category, as follows: extra-small (<10%), small (10%-25%), medium (25%-40%), large (40%-60%), and extra-large (>60%). Networks were analyzed by insurance type, state, and insurance, physician, and/or hospital market concentration level, as measured by the Hirschman-Herfindahl index. Results: Across all US zip code-network observations, 415 549 of 511 143 large-group PCP networks (81%) were large or extra-large compared with 138 485 of 202 702 MA (68%), 191 918 of 318 082 small-group (60%), 60 425 of 149 841 marketplace (40%), and 21 781 of 66 370 MMC (40%) networks. Large-group employer networks had broader coverage than all other network plans (mean [SD] PCP breadth: large-group employer-based plans, 57.3% [20.1]; small-group employer-based plans, 45.7% [21.4]; marketplace, 36,4% [21.2]; MMC, 32.3% [19.3]; MA, 47.4% [18.3]). MMC networks were the least exclusive (a mean [SD] overlap of 61.3% [10.5] for PCPs, 66.5% [9.8] for cardiology, and 60.2% [12.3] for hospitals). Networks were narrowest (mean [SD] breadth 42.4% [16.9]) and most exclusive (mean [SD] overlap 47.7% [23.0]) in California and broadest (79.9% [16.6]) and least exclusive (71.1% [14.6]) in Nebraska. Rising levels of insurer and market concentration were associated with broader and less exclusive networks. Markets with concentrated primary care and insurance markets had the broadest (median [interquartile range {IQR}], 75.0% [60.0%-83.1%]) and least exclusive (median [IQR], 63.7% [52.4%-73.7%]) primary care networks among large-group commercial plans, while markets with least concentration had the narrowest (median [IQR], 54.6% [46.8%-67.6%]) and most exclusive (median [IQR], 49.4% [41.9%-56.9%]) networks. Conclusions and Relevance: In this study, narrower health care networks had a relatively large degree of overlap with other networks in the same geographic area, while broader networks were associated with physician, hospital, and insurance market concentration. These results suggest that many patients could switch to a lower-cost, narrow network plan without losing in-network access to their PCP, although future research is needed to assess the implications for care quality and clinical integration across in-network health care professionals and facilities in narrow network plans.


Assuntos
Redes Comunitárias , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Setor de Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Instituições Privadas de Saúde/normas , Seguro Saúde/organização & administração , Redes Comunitárias/estatística & dados numéricos , Redes Comunitárias/provisão & distribução , Estudos Transversais , Sistemas de Informação em Saúde , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/organização & administração , Garantia da Qualidade dos Cuidados de Saúde , Estados Unidos
9.
Open Heart ; 7(2)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33106441

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To understand the impact of COVID-19 on delivery and outcomes of primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI). Furthermore, to compare clinical presentation and outcomes of patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) with active COVID-19 against those without COVID-19. METHODS: We systematically analysed 348 STEMI cases presenting to the PPCI programme in London during the peak of the pandemic (1 March to 30 April 2020) and compared with 440 cases from the same period in 2019. Outcomes of interest included ambulance response times, timeliness of revascularisation, angiographic and procedural characteristics, and in-hospital clinical outcomes RESULTS: There was a 21% reduction in STEMI admissions and longer ambulance response times (87 (62-118) min in 2020 vs 75 (57-95) min in 2019, p<0.001), but that this was not associated with a delays in achieving revascularisation once in hospital (48 (34-65) min in 2020 vs 48 (35-70) min in 2019, p=0.35) or increased mortality (10.9% (38) in 2020 vs 8.6% (38) in 2019, p=0.28). 46 patients with active COVID-19 were more thrombotic and more likely to have intensive care unit admissions (32.6% (15) vs 9.3% (28), OR 5.74 (95%CI 2.24 to 9.89), p<0.001). They also had increased length of stay (4 (3-9) days vs 3 (2-4) days, p<0.001) and a higher mortality (21.7% (10) vs 9.3% (28), OR 2.72 (95% CI 1.25 to 5.82), p=0.012) compared with patients having PPCI without COVID-19. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that PPCI pathways can be maintained during unprecedented healthcare emergencies but confirms the high mortality of STEMI in the context of concomitant COVID-19 infection characterised by a heightened state of thrombogenicity.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Procedimentos Clínicos/organização & administração , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Pandemias , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Pneumonia Viral , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/terapia , Idoso , Ambulâncias/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Londres/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Admissão do Paciente , Segurança do Paciente , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/mortalidade , Trombose/mortalidade , Trombose/terapia , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento/organização & administração , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cardiovasc J Afr ; 31(2): 103-110, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33094797

RESUMO

Data collected by PASCAR for the World Heart Federation's Cardiovascular Diseases Scorecard project in Africa are presented. We summarise the strengths, threats, weaknesses and priorities identified from the collected data, which need to be considered in conjunction with the associated sections in the accompanying infographic. Data sets that were used include open-source data from the World Bank, World Health Organization and government publications.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , Serviços Preventivos de Saúde/organização & administração , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Camarões/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Comorbidade , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Formulação de Políticas , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Determinantes Sociais da Saúde , Participação dos Interessados , Adulto Jovem
11.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E442-E448, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33026310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of physician assistants (PAs) in surgical care in Canada is expanding. Similarly, the acute care surgery (ACS) model continues to evolve, and PAs are increasingly being considered as members of ACS teams. However, their exact impact and contribution has not been well studied. Our study describes the contribution of a PA who worked full time on weekdays on an ACS team in a Canadian academic tertiary hospital. METHODS: To quantify the PA's contributions, an ACS database was created in September 2016. Data on the number of ACS patient encounters, the number of ACS surgical consults, the number of ACS admissions, the PA's involvement in the operating room, the number of PA patient encounters and the number of multidisciplinary meetings were prospectively collected. We report data for 365 consecutive days from Dec. 30, 2016, to Dec. 29, 2017. RESULTS: The ACS team had 11 651 patient encounters during the year, with a mean of 31.92 per day. The mean number of surgical consults per day was 5.89, and a mean of 2.08 surgical procedures were performed per day. The PA was involved in 53.5% of all patient encounters, despite working only during daytime hours on weekdays. Multidisciplinary meetings were conducted by the PA 94.9% of the time. Alternate level of care patients were seen by the PA 96.2% of the time. The PA was directly involved in 2.0% of the operating room procedures during the study period. CONCLUSION: Integrating a PA on an ACS team adds value to patient care by providing consistency and efficient management of ward issues and patient care plans, including multidisciplinary discharge planning, timely emergency department consultations and effective organization of the ACS team members.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/organização & administração , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Assistentes Médicos/organização & administração , Papel Profissional , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/organização & administração , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Canadá , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/organização & administração , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Salas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Assistentes Médicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Atenção Terciária/organização & administração , Centros de Atenção Terciária/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
J Prim Care Community Health ; 11: 2150132720953680, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32909504

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic spinal pain is one of the most common diseases in the United States. Underserved patients are most affected, and disproportionately may use opioid medications as they lack access to other therapies. It is therefore important to develop systems to treat spinal pain within the primary medical home. METHODS: We designed a prospective observational pilot study at a community health center to measure the effectiveness of two interventions among an underserved population: a multidisciplinary pain team and chiropractic care. Study outcomes were pain and functional disability measured by the Pain Disability Questionnaire (PDQ), and reduction of opioid dose at baseline and 6-12 months. Multivariate linear regression was used to determine associating factors for change in PDQ scores. RESULTS: Thirty-five individuals completed baseline and follow-up PDQs from August 2018 to May 2020. Overall, the mean baseline PDQ was 92.4 +/- 6.1 and the mean follow-up PDQ was 81.9 +/- 7.7, resulting in a mean improvement of -10.6 (95% CI 1.2 - -22.3, P = .08). Participants in the chiropractic team (mean change -25.0, P = .01) and those completing the study before COVID-19 (mean change = -22.6, P < .01) were found to have significantly greater improvement at follow-up. CONCLUSION: This observational study within a community health center resulted in improvement in spinal pain and disability with chiropractic care versus a multidisciplinary pain team. Offering similar services in primary care may help to address pain and disability, and hopefully limit external referrals, advanced imaging, and opioid prescriptions.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/terapia , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Manipulação Quiroprática , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Canadá , Centros Comunitários de Saúde , Pessoas com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
16.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 44(5): 360-362, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32865845

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility and acceptability of integrating a contraception clinic within an opioid agonist treatment (OAT) service to improve access to contraception, especially long-acting reversible methods of contraception (LARC), for women receiving OAT, who have increased risk of unplanned pregnancies and adverse pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: A contraception clinic was established at a Sydney OAT service. Forty-eight female OAT clients were surveyed regarding their contraception knowledge and needs. Interested and eligible women were referred to the contraception clinic. RESULTS: Women were aged a median of 39 years (range 24-54 years). Most women (83%) agreed it was acceptable for their OAT clinician to discuss contraception with them. Eight women reported current LARC use and 21 reported they would consider using LARC. Twenty-three women were eligible for contraception (sexually active, aged <50 years, not using contraception, wishing to avoid pregnancy). Six months post-survey two women had presented to the clinic and two reported an unintended pregnancy. CONCLUSION: Uptake of an on-site contraception service within OAT clinic was low, despite participants' expressed willingness to use the service. Access is therefore not the only driver of low contraception uptake for this group. Implications for public health: Other issues besides access to contraception warrant investigation to improve contraception uptake for women receiving OAT.


Assuntos
Anticoncepção/métodos , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Contracepção Reversível de Longo Prazo/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/tratamento farmacológico , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Analgésicos Opioides , Buprenorfina/uso terapêutico , Serviços de Planejamento Familiar/organização & administração , Feminino , Humanos , Metadona/uso terapêutico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tratamento de Substituição de Opiáceos , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Projetos Piloto , Gravidez , Adulto Jovem
17.
Inf. psiquiátr ; (241): 15-33, jul.-sept. 2020. mapas, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197441

RESUMO

La atención a las personas que han desarrollado o pueden llegar a desarrollar una psicosis incipiente debe realizarse de forma precoz. Por ello, la detección es el paso fundamental, seguida del diagnóstico, tratamiento y recuperación de la persona. Todas estas intervenciones transversales son realizadas por diferentes profesionales sanitarios y no sanitarios ubicados en dispositivos diferentes y de entidades proveedoras dispares, lo cual requiere la creación de alianzas y trabajo en red bajo el paraguas de una Unidad Funcional que permita situar a la persona en el centro para que pueda recibir la atención más necesaria en cada momento siguiendo su proyecto vital. Dicha Unidad Funcional debe ser territorial, transversal y comunitaria. En este artículo mostramos el proceso que se ha seguido en la creación de las unidades funcionales del Programa de Atención Específica al Trastorno Psicótico Incipiente (PAE- TPI), así como las comisiones de seguimiento y los resultados preliminares para cada uno de los sectores de referencia de Benito Menni CASM (L'Hospitalet, Sant Boi y Vallès Oriental)


Attention to people who have developed or may develop an incipient psychosis should be done early. Therefore, detection is the fundamental step, followed by diagnosis, treatment and recovery of the person. All these cross-cutting interventions are carried out by different health and non-health professionals, who work in different services and from different providers. The creation of a Functional Unit have two main aims: to reach a professional networking as well as to offer a personalized intervention and a long term monitoring to the target patients of the program. This Functional Unit must be territorial, transversal and community based. In this article we show the process that has been followed in order to create the functional units and the monitoring work commissions of the "Program of Specific Attention to the Incipient Psychotic Disorder", as well as inform about the preliminary results of the three reference population areas assisted by Benito Menni CASM (L'Hospitalet, Sant Boi and Vallès Oriental)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Intervenção Médica Precoce/organização & administração , Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia , Serviços de Saúde Mental/normas , Estratégias , Intervenção Médica Precoce/métodos , Transtornos Psicóticos/diagnóstico , Pessoal de Saúde/organização & administração , Nível de Saúde , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Psicometria
18.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237772, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32853246

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Substance use is common among people living with HIV and has been associated with suboptimal HIV treatment outcomes. Integrating substance use services into HIV care is a promising strategy to improve patient outcomes. METHODS: We report on substance use education, screening, and referral practices from two surveys of HIV care and treatment sites participating in the International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS (IeDEA) consortium. HIV care and treatment sites participating in IeDEA are primarily public-sector health facilities and include both academic and community-based hospitals and health facilities. A total of 286 sites in 45 countries participated in the 2014-2015 survey and 237 sites in 44 countries participated in the 2017 survey. We compared changes over time for 147 sites that participated in both surveys. RESULTS: In 2014-2015, most sites (75%) reported providing substance use-related education on-site (i.e., at the HIV clinic or the same health facility). Approximately half reported on-site screening for substance use (52%) or referrals for substance use treatment (51%). In 2017, the proportion of sites providing on-site substance use-related education, screening, or referrals increased by 9%, 16%, and 8%, respectively. In 2017, on-site substance use screening and referral were most commonly reported at sites serving only adults (compared to only children/adolescents or adults and children/adolescents; screening: 86%, 37%, and 59%, respectively; referral: 76%, 47%, and 46%, respectively) and at sites in high-income countries (compared to upper middle income, lower middle income or low-income countries; screening: 89%, 76%, 68%, and 45%, respectively; referral: 82%, 71%, 57%, and 34%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Although there have been increases in the proportion of sites reporting substance use education, screening, and referral services across IeDEA sites, gaps persist in the integration of substance use services into HIV care, particularly in relation to screening and referral practices, with reduced availability for children/adolescents and those receiving care within resource-constrained settings.


Assuntos
Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Infecções por HIV/terapia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/organização & administração , Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias/organização & administração , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/reabilitação , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Criança , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde Global , Infecções por HIV/complicações , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Programas de Rastreamento/organização & administração , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Lacunas da Prática Profissional/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Encaminhamento e Consulta/organização & administração , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Tratamento de Abuso de Substâncias/estatística & dados numéricos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/complicações , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
19.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E374-E382, 2020 08 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32856886

RESUMO

Background: The New Brunswick Heart Centre (NBHC) entered a contractual partnership with Integrated Health Solutions (IHS) to help address increasing wait times in the province of New Brunswick. Methods: Team leaders were identified from each of the target areas, including surgeons, anesthesiologists, nurses (operating room, intensive care unit [ICU] and postoperative ward), access coordinators and administrators. The methodology used was based on Lean principles and involved exercises by stakeholders aimed at identifying opportunities for improvement. A weekly dashboard was created to monitor and facilitate improvement efforts. No additional hospital beds or operating room theatres were added during the study period. Results: After 2 years, the annual number of cardiac surgical interventions increased from 788 to 873, representing a 10.8% increase in capacity. The best median wait time for patients decreased from 52 to 35 days (35% reduction). The best 90th percentile wait time decreased from 126 to 98 days (22% reduction). The overall increase in capacity could be explained in part by the significant increase in fast tracking from the ICU to the ward (> 2-fold) or bypassing the ICU altogether (4-fold increase reaching 13%). Despite these successes, challenges persist as the number of OR cancellations remained around 7.5% of all cases, mainly because of limited ICU resources. Conclusion: The NBHC-IHS partnership on this project has resulted in excellent engagement by stakeholders and promoted team cohesiveness. Furthermore, it has allowed significant reorganization and realignment of efforts to limit wait times and maximize overall capacity.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/estatística & dados numéricos , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Humanos , Novo Brunswick , Fatores de Tempo , Listas de Espera
20.
J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis ; 29(9): 105009, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32807424

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acute stroke unit (ASU) care is proven to reduce mortality and morbidity. During the COVID-19 crisis, established physical units and care practices within existing physical units are likely to be disrupted. Stroke patients with possible suspected COVID-19 infection may be isolated in other wards outside the ASU. METHODS: Our hospital developed an adapted ASU protocol which includes key elements for stroke unit care, can be utilized by staff not familiar with stroke care with minimal training and can be implemented in various settings. RESULTS: The adapted protocol has 3 categories of Acute monitoring (neurological observations, blood pressure and input-output monitoring, investigations and specific post-reperfusion issues), Stroke complications (focusing on 5 common complications) and Unified team (describing daily check-ins, patient education, communication, discharge planning and post-discharge support). CONCLUSIONS: Details are presented in the article in a format that it can be adopted by other centers facing similar issues in order to ensure ASU care is not compromised.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Continuidade da Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/organização & administração , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pandemias , Segurança do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Fatores de Risco , Singapura , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia
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