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2.
Adv Exp Med Biol ; 1141: 203-240, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571166

RESUMO

Transporters play an important role in the absorption, distribution, metabolism, and excretion (ADME) of drugs. In recent years, various in vitro, in situ/ex vivo, and in vivo methods have been established for studying transporter function and drug-transporter interaction. In this chapter, the major types of in vitro models for drug transport studies comprise membrane-based assays, cell-based assays (such as primary cell cultures, immortalized cell lines), and transporter-transfected cell lines with single transporters or multiple transporters. In situ/ex vivo models comprise isolated and perfused organs or tissues. In vivo models comprise transporter gene knockout models, natural mutant animal models, and humanized animal models. This chapter would be focused on the methods for the study of drug transporters in vitro, in situ/ex vivo, and in vivo. The applications, advantages, or limitations of each model and emerging technologies are also mentioned in this chapter.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana Transportadoras , Projetos de Pesquisa , Animais , Transporte Biológico , Linhagem Celular , Interações de Medicamentos , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Projetos de Pesquisa/tendências
5.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1192-1198, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564144

RESUMO

AIMS: Radiostereometric analysis (RSA) studies of vitamin E-doped, highly crosslinked polyethylene (VEPE) liners show low head penetration rates in cementless acetabular components. There is, however, currently no data on cemented VEPE acetabular components in total hip arthroplasty (THA). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of a new cemented VEPE component, compared with a conventional polyethylene (PE) component regarding migration, head penetration, and clinical results. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 42 patients (21 male, 21 female) with osteoarthritis and a mean age of 67 years (sd 5), in a double-blinded, noninferiority, randomized controlled trial. The subjects were randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive a reverse hybrid THA with a cemented component of either argon-gas gamma-sterilized PE component (controls) or VEPE, with identical geometry. The primary endpoint was proximal implant migration of the component at two years postoperatively measured with RSA. Secondary endpoints included total migration of the component, penetration of the femoral head into the component, and patient-reported outcome measurements. RESULTS: In total, 19 control implants and 18 implants in the VEPE group were analyzed for the primary endpoint. We found a continuous proximal migration of the component in the VEPE group that was significantly higher with a difference at two years of a mean 0.21 mm (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.05 to 0.37; p = 0.013). The total migration was also significantly higher in the VEPE group, but femoral head penetration was lower. We found no difference in clinical outcomes between the groups. CONCLUSION: At two years, this cemented VEPE component, although having a low head penetration and excellent clinical results, failed to meet noninferiority compared with the conventional implant by a proximal migration above the proposed safety threshold of RSA. The early proximal migration pattern of the VEPE component is a reason for continued monitoring, although a specific threshold for proximal migration and risk for later failure cannot be defined and needs further study. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1192-1198.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Migração de Corpo Estranho/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteoartrite do Quadril/cirurgia , Polietilenos/química , Desenho de Prótese , Falha de Prótese/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Migração de Corpo Estranho/epidemiologia , Prótese de Quadril , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoartrite do Quadril/diagnóstico por imagem , Prognóstico , Análise Radioestereométrica , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Suécia , Vitamina E/farmacologia
6.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22Suppl 1(Suppl 1): e190007, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576983

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the pattern of spatial distribution of hepatitis B virus (HBV) cases and the mortality attributed to this disease throughout the Brazilian territory, in 2005, 2016 and 2017. METHODS: This is an ecological study of spatial analysis, using data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases and the Brazilian Mortality Information System. HBV detection and mortality rates were analyzed. The spatial analysis from 2005 to 2017 was held through the Global Moran's Index (I) for global data and the Local Indicators of Spatial Association (LISA) for the 5,564 municipalities of the country. RESULTS: The North region stands out with the highest HBV detection and mortality rates in the country. The Global Moran's I showed a spatial correlation of HBV cases in Brazil, and the LISA Map evidenced the presence of hotspots or spatial clusters (high-high type), mainly in the North region and also in some municipalities of Santa Catarina, Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, Espírito Santo, São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. CONCLUSION: The spatial analysis of the HBV distribution pattern in Brazil shows areas with a large concentration of cases, particularly in the North of the country and in other points distributed throughout the national territory. These data reinforce the urgency of intervention actions related to prevention, diagnosis and treatment of hepatitis B.


Assuntos
Vírus da Hepatite B , Hepatite B/mortalidade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Cidades/epidemiologia , Geografia , Humanos , Mortalidade/tendências , Prevalência , Análise Espaço-Temporal , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 249-265, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570657

RESUMO

A growing body of data has accumulated in the past decades about the possible role of nutritional factors in influencing the initiation and course of mental disorders as well as in the treatment of these disorders. As a result of the aggregation of this data a new field emerged - "nutritional psychiatry". In our current review paper we discuss some of those natural agents that supposedly have antidepressive properties and, accordingly, may play a role in the stand-alone and/or adjuvant treatment of major depressive disorder.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/dietoterapia , Estado Nutricional , Psiquiatria/métodos , Psiquiatria/tendências , Humanos
8.
Bone Joint J ; 101-B(10): 1209-1217, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31564156

RESUMO

AIMS: There is an increasing demand for hip arthroplasty in China. We aimed to describe trends in in-hospital mortality after this procedure in China and to examine the potential risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We included 210 450 patients undergoing primary hip arthroplasty registered in the Hospital Quality Monitoring System in China between 2013 and 2016. In-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty and its relation to potential risk factors were assessed using multivariable Poisson regression. RESULTS: During the study period, 626 inpatient deaths occurred within 30 days after hip arthroplasty. Mortality decreased from 2.9% in 2013 to 2.6% in 2016 (p for trend = 0.02). Compared with their counterparts, old age, male sex, and divorced or widowed patients had a higher rate of mortality (all p < 0.05). Risk ratio (RR) for mortality after arthroplasty for fracture was two-fold higher (RR 2.0, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.5 to 2.6) than that for chronic disease. RRs for mortality were 3.3 (95% CI 2.7 to 3.9) and 8.2 (95% CI 6.5 to 10.4) for patients with Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI) of 1 to 2 and CCI ≥ 3, respectively, compared with patients with CCI of 0. The rate of mortality varied according to geographical region, the lowest being in the East region (1.8%), followed by Beijing (2.1%), the North (2.9%), South-West (3.6%), South-Central (3.8%), North-East (4.1%), and North-West (5.2%) regions. CONCLUSION: While in-hospital mortality after hip arthroplasty in China appears low and declined during the study period, discrepancies in mortality after this procedure exist according to sociodemographic factors. Healthcare resources should be allocated more to underdeveloped regions to further reduce mortality. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:1209-1217.


Assuntos
Artroplastia de Quadril/efeitos adversos , Artroplastia de Quadril/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Sistema de Registros , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Artroplastia de Quadril/métodos , China , Estudos de Coortes , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Distribuição de Poisson , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/fisiopatologia , Falha de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
9.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5709-5714, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570471

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Recently, "conservative" mastectomy with immediate breast reconstruction (M-R) has become the gold standard when the breast must be removed. We analyzed the evolution in the choice of mastectomy type in our Unit, focusing on factors associated with renounce to reconstruction and risk factors for its failure. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical-pathological and surgical features of 132 patients who underwent mastectomy in our Unit from 2004 to 2016 were analyzed. M-R rate and different mastectomy techniques' rates between 2004-2009 and 2010-2016 were compared. RESULTS: M-R was associated with younger age at diagnosis (p<0.001) and early tumor stage (p=0.03). M-R rate increased from 49.1% to 72.2% (p=0.002) in the last years, with prominent use of nipple-sparing-mastectomy (p<0.001). M-R failure rate was associated with previous or subsequent irradiation/chemotherapy in 92.3% of cases. CONCLUSION: M-R and particularly nipple-sparing-mastectomy represented the standard in more recent years; reconstruction failure was associated with irradiation/chemotherapy, especially in implant-based reconstructions.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mamoplastia/tendências , Mastectomia/tendências , Implantes de Mama/tendências , Feminino , Humanos , Mamilos/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Dispositivos para Expansão de Tecidos/tendências
10.
MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep ; 68(39): 845-850, 2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31581164

RESUMO

Use of marijuana at an early age can affect memory, school performance, attention, and learning; conclusions have been mixed regarding its impact on mental health conditions, including psychosis, depression, and anxiety (1-3). Medical marijuana has been legal in Washington since 1998, and in 2012, voters approved the retail sale of marijuana for recreational use to persons aged ≥21 years. The first retail stores opened for business in July 2014. As more states legalize marijuana use by adults aged ≥21 years, the effect of legalization on use by youths will be important to monitor. To guide planning of activities aimed at reducing marijuana use by youths and to inform ongoing policy development, Public Health-Seattle & King County assessed trends and characteristics of past 30-day marijuana use among King County, Washington, public school students in grades 6, 8, 10, and 12. This report used biennial data for 2004-2016 from the Washington State Healthy Youth Survey. Among grade 6 students there was a decreasing trend in self-reported past 30-day marijuana use from 2004 to 2016, while the percentage of grade 8 students who had used marijuana during the past 30 days did not change during that period. Among students in grades 10 and 12, self-reported past 30-day use of marijuana increased from 2004 to 2012, then declined from 2012 to 2016. In 2016, the percentage of students with past 30-day marijuana use in King County was 0.6% among grade 6, 4.1% among grade 8, 13.9% among grade 10, and 25.5% among grade 12 students. Among grade 10 students, 24.0% of past 30-day marijuana users also smoked cigarettes, compared with 1.3% of nonusers. From 2004 to 2016 the prevalence of perception of great risk of harm from regular marijuana use decreased across all grades. Continued surveillance using consistent measures is needed to monitor the impact of marijuana legalization and emerging public health issues, given variable legislation approaches among jurisdictions.


Assuntos
Uso da Maconha/epidemiologia , Uso da Maconha/tendências , Setor Público , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Criança , Comércio/legislação & jurisprudência , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Legislação de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Uso da Maconha/efeitos adversos , Uso da Maconha/legislação & jurisprudência , Prevalência , Medição de Risco , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Washington/epidemiologia
11.
Med Clin North Am ; 103(6): 1077-1092, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582005

RESUMO

Compared to clinicians previously surveyed, primary care providers employed in a health system known for clinical genomics were more likely to have ordered or referred a patient for genetic testing, but had only modestly more genetics training and reported similarly low levels of comfort answering patient questions about genetic risk. Most supported population genomic screening, reported willingness to get screened themselves, and judged a hypothetical patient's decision to be screened favorably relative to a similar patient's decision to decline screening. Stakeholder perceptions of the ethical appropriateness of nudging at-risk patients to discuss testing with counselors were mixed.


Assuntos
Aconselhamento Genético , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde , Aconselhamento Genético/ética , Aconselhamento Genético/métodos , Aconselhamento Genético/psicologia , Humanos , Medicina de Precisão/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma
12.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1376-1382, out.-dez. 2019. il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1021840

RESUMO

Objective: The study's goal has been to identify in the literature the use of auriculotherapy with needles as an intervention to improve cancer patients' life quality. Methods: It is an Integrative Literature Review of articles published in Portuguese, English, Spanish and/or German, available in full at the databases VHL, CAPES, CINHAL, PubMed, Web of Science and Scopus. The study was carried out in January 2017. The descriptors employed were cancer, neoplasms, auriculotherapy, ear acupuncture, and auricular acupuncture, and six studies were then selected. Results: The use of auricular therapy with needles as interventions in the clinical symptoms due to cancer and its treatment, as well as in the improvement of the domains affected in people's life quality have indicated satisfactory evidence. Conclusion: The evidences have identified an improvement in the quality of life of oncology patients that underwent auriculotherapy with needles, therefore, this intervention is a safe, effective and economical complementary therapy, which is very well accepted by the patients


Objetivo: Identificar na literatura o uso da auriculoterapia com agulhas como intervenção para melhoria da qualidade de vida de pacientes com câncer. Método: Revisão integrativa de artigos publicados em português, inglês, espanhol e/ou alemão, disponíveis na íntegra nas bases de dados BVS, CAPES, CINHAL, PUBMED, WEB of SCIENCE e SCOPUS. A pesquisa ocorreu no período de janeiro de 2017. Foram utilizados os descritores câncer, neoplasia, auriculoterapia, acupuntura orelha e acupuntura auricular, sendo selecionados seis estudos. Resultados: O uso da auriculoterapia com agulhas como intervenções nos sintomas clínicos decorrentes do câncer e de seu tratamento bem como na melhoria dos domínios afetados na qualidade de vida apontou evidências satisfatórias. Conclusão: As evidências identificaram melhora na qualidade de vida de pacientes oncológicos que foram submetidos a auriculoterapia com agulhas e que esta intervenção é uma terapia complementar segura, eficaz e econômica, muito bem aceita pelos pacientes


Objetivo: Identificar la producción disponible relacionada al uso de la acupuntura auricular como intervención para la mejora de la calidad de vida de pacientes con cáncer. Método: Revisión integrativa de literatura con búsqueda en bases electrónicas y bibliotecas virtuales BVS, CAPES, CINHAL, PUBMED, WEB of SCIENCE y SCOPUS En el período de enero de 2017 con los descriptores cáncer, neoplasia, auriculoterapia, acupuntura o acupuntura auricular y acupuntura auricular, la acupuntura auricular y la acupuntura auricular. La revisión integrativa propuesta tuvo lugar en seis etapas distintas y complementarias. Resultados: Se identificaron seis artículos con evidencias satisfactorias de las intervenciones en los síntomas clínicos inherentes al cáncer y su tratamiento que demostraron impactos positivos de la auriculoterapia como intervención. Conclusión: Los estudios relacionados con el tema son escasos, apuntan una realidad científica poco explorada. Un número mayor de estudios clínicos debe ocurrir para fortalecer las evidencias de las intervenciones terapéuticas efectivas, subsidiar la práctica y asegurar asistencia cualificada


Assuntos
Humanos , Acupuntura Auricular , Auriculoterapia/tendências , Neoplasias/terapia , Assistência ao Paciente
13.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1368-1375, out.-dez. 2019. il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1021865

RESUMO

Objective: The study's main purpose has been to analyze the Brazilian scientific productions that used the Pediatric Evaluation of Disability Inventory (PEDI) in investigations focused on children diagnosed with disabilities. Methods: It is an integrative literature review which was carried out from July to August 2017 in the following data sources: MEDLINE (PubMed), Virtual Health Library (VHL) and Web of Science, in English, Portuguese and Spanish languages. Results: The use of PEDI contributed to the identification of individual disabilities and the most impaired functions in children, providing data that allows the planning of interventions for parents, professionals, and caregivers. Furthermore, it has revealed the benefits of physical activities for functional performance, as well as the effects of the guidelines transmitted by health professionals to children with developmental disorders. Conclusion: PEDI has been proved to be relevant as it contributes with evidence to the evolution of the child with disabilities, identifies the commitments and allows the redirection of the actions of professionals and caregivers


Objetivo: Analisar as produções científicas brasileiras que utilizaram o Inventário de Avaliação Pediátrica de Incapacidade (PEDI) em estudos voltados para crianças diagnosticadas com deficiência. Metodologia: Trata-se de revisão integrativa da literatura, realizada entre julho e agosto de 2017 nas seguintes fontes: MEDLINE (PubMed), Biblioteca virtual em saúde (BVS) e Web of sience nos idiomas inglês, português e espanhol. Resultados: A utilização do PEDI contribuiu para identificação de incapacidades individuais e das funções mais comprometidas em crianças, fornece dados que permitem o planejamento de intervenções para pais, profissionais e cuidadores. Além disso, permitiu revelar os benefícios das atividades físicas para o desempenho funcional assim como os efeitos das orientações realizadas por profissionais de saúde para crianças com desvios de desenvolvimento. Conclusão: O PEDI têm-se mostrado relevante por contribuir com evidências sobre a evolução da criança com incapacidades, identificar os comprometimentos e permitir redirecionamento das ações de profissionais e cuidadores


Objetivo: Analizar las producciones científicas brasileñas que utilizaron el Inventario deEvaluación Pediátrica de Discapacidad en estudios centrados en niños diagnosticados con discapacidad. Método: Se trata de una revisión integradora de la literatura, efectuada entre julio y agosto de 2017 en las siguientes fuentes: MEDLINE (PubMed), Biblioteca Virtual en Salud (BVS) y Web of Science enlos idiomas inglés, portugués y español. Resultados: La utilización del PEDI contribuyó a la identificación de discapacidades individuales y de las funciones más comprometidas en niños, suministra datos que permiten la planificación de intervenciones redireccionando las acciones de padres, profesionales y cuidadores, además de haber permitido revelar los beneficios de las actividades físicas para el desempeño funcional, así como los efectos de las orientaciones transmitidas por profesionales de salud para niños con desviaciones de desarrollo. Conclusión: El PEDI se ha mostrado relevante por contribuir con evidencias sobre la evolución del niño con discapacidades, identificar los compromisos y permitir la redirección de las acciones de profesionales y cuidadores


Assuntos
Humanos , Criança , Crianças com Deficiência/reabilitação , Crianças com Deficiência/estatística & dados numéricos , Equipamentos e Provisões/normas , Reabilitação/tendências
14.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 11(5): 1360-1367, out.-dez. 2019. il
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1022105

RESUMO

Objective: This study aimed at identifying the elements of the Ecological Model by analyzing scientific publications on social participation in health and the role of nursing. Methods: This integrative literature review was carried out in June 2017. The articles were selected using pre-established inclusion and exclusion criteria, obtaining 19 studies for synthesis. Results: Individual, organizational and environmental elements of the Ecological Model were highlighted, allowing the identification of social participation in health and the role of nursing through ecological thinking, environmental and health awareness, and changes in behaviors and lifestyles. These actions were promoted by the community's involvement, health institutions, universities, and health professionals. Conclusion: Nursing professionals should encourage social participation, decision making towards the care service, and the implementation of public policies, then promoting public awareness


Objetivo: Estudo com objetivo de identificar os elementos do modelo ecológico na análise da produção científica acerca da participação social na saúde e o papel da enfermagem. Métodos: revisão integrativa realizada em junho de 2017, os artigos foram selecionados por meio de critérios de inclusão e exclusão pré-estabelecidos, obtendo-se 19 estudos para síntese. Resultados: evidenciaram-se elementos individuais, organizacionais e ambientais do Modelo Ecológico, possibilitando a identificação da participação social na saúde e o papel da enfermagem, por meio do pensamento ecológico, conscientização ambiental e de saúde, mudanças de comportamentos e estilos de vida, além do envolvimento da comunidade, instituições de saúde, universidades e profissionais de saúde nessa promoção. Conclusão: a Enfermagem deve incentivar a participação social, tomada de decisões de cuidados e implementação de políticas públicas, promovendo a conscientização


Objetivo: Estudio con el objetivo de identificar los elementos del modelo ecológico en el análisis de la producción científica acerca de la participación social en la salud y el papel de la enfermería. Métodos: la revisión integrativa realizada en junio de 2017, los artículos fueron seleccionados por medio de criterios de inclusión y exclusión preestablecidos, obteniéndose 19 estudios para síntesis. Resultados: se evidenciaron elementos individuales, organizacionales y ambientales del Modelo Ecológico, posibilitando la identificación de la participación social en la salud y el papel de la enfermería, por medio del pensamiento ecológico, concientización ambiental y de salud, cambios de comportamientos y estilos de vida, además de la participación de la comunidad, instituciones de salud, universidades y profesionales de la salud en esta promoción. Conclusión: la Enfermería debe incentivar la participación social, la toma de decisiones de cuidados y la implementación de políticas públicas, promoviendo la concientización


Assuntos
Humanos , Enfermagem/tendências , Ecossistema , Participação Social , Meio Ambiente , Política Ambiental
15.
Recurso na Internet em Português | LIS - Localizador de Informação em Saúde, LIS-fiocruz-SI | ID: lis-LISBR1.1-46795

RESUMO

Busca incentivar novos "correspondentes indígenas" no Brasil, faz com que possamos construir uma comunicação colaborativa muito mais forte, isso comparada as mídias tradicionais de Rádio e TV em ambiente web. A grade de programação possui programas informativos e educativos que trazem para o público um pouco da realidade indígena do Brasil. Desfazendo antigos esteriótipos e preconceitos ocasionados pela falta de informação especializada em veículos de comunicação não indígenas. Nossa programação está online 24h e apresenta conteúdo diversificado, músicas, entrevistas, poesias, depoimentos, mensagens e debates.


Assuntos
Meios de Comunicação de Massa/tendências , Redes de Comunicação de Computadores , Webcasts , Cultura Indígena
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17027, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517822

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: TB is one of the top 10 causes of death and the leading cause from a single infectious agent. The study characterize the developmental trends and collaboration features in the field of tuberculosis (TB) at the national level and identify high-impact countries. METHODS: Scientometrics and social network analysis methods were used to analyze the research situation and collaboration behaviors based on TB research indexed in Web of Science from 1998 to 2017. RESULTS: The publication output, national collaborative rate, and collaborative level have steadily increased from 1998 to 2017. However, domestic publications still account for a substantial proportion of a nation's publications. Over time, the numbers of national publications and international collaborative publications have increased in total, but the growth trend of their share as a proportion of total national publications is not significant. The United States of America has the largest number of highly cited publications, while Denmark, the Netherlands, Switzerland, and Sweden have higher values of average relative citation than do other countries. Notably, the United Kingdom and South Africa have established the strongest and most stable collaboration. CONCLUSIONS: There was increasing research activity and collaboration in the field of TB during the period 1998 to 2017, but growth shows wide variability between countries. Further comprehensive and full collaboration should be promoted.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/tendências , Cooperação Internacional , Tuberculose , Bibliometria , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Comunicação Acadêmica
17.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 19-24, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535793

RESUMO

A multidisciplinary approach is currently a necessary and standard approach in treatment of cancer patients. The main goals of the multidisciplinary approach include coordinated highly effective interaction of medical specialists to timely identify, prescribe and conduct planned treatment, as well as prevention and correction of adverse events of treatment to achieve most lasting effect of treatment. The article discusses role of multidisciplinary team, including an oncologist, urologist, pathomorphologist, molecular genetics, radiologist, medical oncologist, radiation therapist, neurosurgeon, orthopedic surgeon, endovascular, thoracic and abdominal surgeons for effective treatment of oncourological patients. To solve existing problems, it is necessary to create common standards for the treatment of oncological diseases, develop and improve an oncological care system, improve logistics and improve skills of specialists or train specialists in the required profile.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/organização & administração , Neoplasias Urológicas/terapia , Humanos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/tendências , Assistência Centrada no Paciente/tendências , Médicos , Cirurgiões , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 25-27, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535794

RESUMO

Imaging studies play a crucial role in the diagnosis of urologic diseases. X-ray and ultrasound studies are used as first-line diagnostic methods. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging (MD-CT and MRI), radionuclide and hybrid methods allow to clarify diagnosis. Currently, the trend "from simple to complex" contributes to obtaining maximum information in the shortest possible time with a minimum cost.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Diagnóstico Urológico/tendências , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico por imagem , Urologia/tendências , Alemanha , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/tendências , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/tendências , Ultrassonografia/métodos , Ultrassonografia/tendências , Urografia
19.
Urologiia ; (4 ()): 28-35, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31535795

RESUMO

A solving diagnostic and therapeutic problems in patients with various urologic diseases often requires a cooperation between different specialists which emphasizes the interdisciplinarity of our discipline. A number of clinical manifestations and diseases that urologists have to deal with and in which they definitely need a timely assistance from other specialists are described in the article. Determining the connecting links in the work of different specialists, we tried to recall the main " intersection points" and draw attention to the necessary cooperation.


Assuntos
Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Prostatite , Doenças Urológicas , Humanos , Masculino , Prostatite/diagnóstico , Prostatite/terapia , Doenças Urológicas/diagnóstico , Doenças Urológicas/terapia , Urologia/tendências
20.
Zhongguo Xue Xi Chong Bing Fang Zhi Za Zhi ; 31(3): 346-348, 2019 Apr 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544425

RESUMO

Malaria is a parasitic disease which threatens human life and health seriously. Sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) has been recommended for intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in children and pregnant women, and also used as a compound component of artemisinin based therapy. The mechanisms of SP resistance in P. falciparum involve point mutations in the genes encoding dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR) and dihydropteroate synthase (DHPS), and the drug pressure can also lead to the mutations in the two genes of P. vivax. To provide the information for the formulation of anti-malarial strategies, this article reviews the discovery, application, effect of SP, and the resistance mechanism and research progress of the related genes in P. vivax.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos , Resistência a Medicamentos , Plasmodium vivax , Antimaláricos/farmacologia , Di-Hidropteroato Sintase/genética , Combinação de Medicamentos , Resistência a Medicamentos/genética , Humanos , Malária Falciparum/genética , Mutação , Plasmodium vivax/efeitos dos fármacos , Plasmodium vivax/genética , Pirimetamina/farmacologia , Pesquisa/tendências , Sulfadoxina/farmacologia , Tetra-Hidrofolato Desidrogenase/genética
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