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5.
Surgery ; 168(3): 518-526, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32669204

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether all thick melanomas share the same prognostic features. We present a large, multi-institutional study on thick melanoma, evaluating for factors prognostic of survival. METHODS: We queried the database of the Sentinel Lymph Node Working Group for patients with thick melanoma (>4 mm) who had a sentinel lymph node biopsy from 1993 to 2018. Clinicopathologic characteristics were correlated with overall survival. RESULTS: There were 1,235 patients with a median follow-up of 28 months. Median thickness was 5.9 mm, with 713, 356, and 166 cases having a thickness of >4 to 6, >6 to 10, and >10 mm, respectively. Ulceration was seen in 51.2% of cases, while sentinel lymph node metastases were seen in 439 of 1,235 (35.5%) cases. For melanomas >4 to 6 mm, age, thickness, ulceration, lymphovascular invasion, and sentinel lymph node metastasis were correlated with overall survival (all P < .05), but for melanomas >6 to 10 mm, only sex and sentinel lymph node metastasis were prognostic of overall survival (both P < .05). For melanomas >10 mm, only sentinel lymph node metastasis predicted overall survival on multivariable analyses (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Prognostic markers of overall survival for thick melanoma include thickness, ulceration, and sentinel lymph node metastasis, but also include other unique factors such as lymphovascular invasion. Moreover, certain prognostic markers for survival are associated with different subgroups of thick melanoma, which vary based on thickness group.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos , Melanoma/mortalidade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/mortalidade , Pele/patologia , Idoso , Vasos Sanguíneos/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Metástase Linfática/patologia , Vasos Linfáticos/patologia , Masculino , Melanoma/patologia , Melanoma/cirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Carga Tumoral
6.
Am Surg ; 86(9): 1208-1211, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683914

RESUMO

Atypical spindle cell lipomatous neoplasm, also known as well-differentiated spindle cell liposarcoma, represents a newly discovered entity of adipocytic tumors. Recent research has shown this tumor variant to be more related to spindle cell lipoma, rather than the originally hypothesized atypical lipomatous tumor spectrum. Here we present a case of a 58-year-old man with a history of chronic lymphocytic leukemia with an enlarging mass on the posterior left shoulder, initially hypothesized to be a benign lipoma. However, magnetic resonance imaging showed a large, multiseptated, heterogeneous mass concerning for soft tissue sarcoma. After resection, pathologic analysis showed cells closely resembling spindle cell lipoma, with additional cellular and fascicular zones containing lipoblasts and mitotic figures. Molecular analysis showed no MDM2 amplification. This lack of amplification indicates this tumor is distinctly different from an atypical lipomatous tumor, which characteristically displays MDM2 amplification. However, tumor expression of RB1 was normal. The majority of atypical spindle cell lipomatous neoplasms are associated with RB1 deletions. We conclude that we have a unique example of an atypical spindle cell lipomatous tumor.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/complicações , Lipossarcoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/diagnóstico , Lipossarcoma/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico
7.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(5)2020 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621711

RESUMO

Vertical surgical sites or those on reclining patients often present a challenge when establishing and securing a sterile field. The drape or towel most proximal to the physician is often vertically oriented. The forces of gravity and movements of surgery can shift or detach this vertical drape. Sterile clamps are not always available or are needed for securing other instruments. We present a method to secure this vulnerable drape using a central fenestrated adherent drape.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/instrumentação , Equipamentos Cirúrgicos , Humanos , Esterilização
8.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(3)2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609440

RESUMO

Efforts to increase patient comfort by minimizing pain and anxiety have been shown to improve clinical outcomes, reduce pain thresholds, decrease analgesic requirements and complication risk, strengthen the physician-patient relationship, and increase overall patient satisfaction. Patients also have a strong preference for patient-centered communication and educational discussion with physicians. In recent years, the increasing emphasis on patient experience scores as a metric for quality care has had significant implications for physician practice and has reinforced attempts to provide more patient-centered care. Though different pharmacologic agents and techniques have been extensively reviewed in the dermatologic literature, there have been few studies of non-pharmacologic strategies for improving patient-centered care. This evidence-based review describes alternative techniques that have been suggested for use in dermatologic surgery. Mechanoanesthesia, cold therapy, verbal and audiovisual distraction, music, optimal needle insertion methods, hypnosis and guided-imagery, perioperative communication, and educational strategies have been reported to improve the patient experience in dermatologic surgery. These interventions are often cost-effective and easy to implement, avoid medication side effects, and serve as adjunct approaches to enhance patient comfort. This review examines the corresponding evidence for these nonpharmacologic strategies to provide a clinical resource for the dermatologic surgeon seeking to optimize the patient experience.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/psicologia , Humanos , Hipnose , Imagens, Psicoterapia , Terapias Mente-Corpo , Filmes Cinematográficos , Música , Dor/prevenção & controle , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto , Satisfação do Paciente
9.
Cir. plást. ibero-latinoam ; 46(2): 233-240, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, ilus
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-194728

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVO: La micropigmentación de cejas es un conocido procedimiento para mejorar las cejas envejecidas y las jóvenes y también para crearles una forma estética. A pesar de la evolución de la aparatología y de las rutinas para llevar a cabo este procedimiento, existe una carencia de productos que favorezcan la cicatrización y protección tanto de la piel como para el uso de nuevos pigmentos. Durante muchos años el empleo de dermocosméticos comunes con vitamina C en este procedimiento no ha estado indicado por la posibilidad de blanqueamiento y decoloración, a pesar de sus reconocidas propiedades antioxidantes y de cicatrización. En este estudio nos proponemos investigar si es posible adicionar vitamina C nanoencapsulada en el procedimiento de micropigmentación de las cejas para obtener ventaja de sus propiedades y mejorar los resultados, y si su forma nanoencapsulada puede obtener mejores resultados sin el blanqueamiento o la decoloración que parecen provocar otros dermocosméticos comunes con vitamina C. MATERIAL Y MÉTODO: Realizamos un estudio prospectivo y randomizado que incluyó 31 pacientes sometidas a micropigmentación bilateral de cejas utilizando el mismo procedimiento de rutina y el mismo aparato de micropigmentación. Bajo su consentimiento, las pacientes fueron sus propios controles y recibieron vitamina C nanoencaspulada en una ceja y rutina de micropigmentación normal en la otra. RESULTADOS: La evaluación se realizó mediante documentación fotográfica y análisis visual, valorando si hubo o no pérdida del color. La ceja derecha, tratada con vitamina C nanoencapsulada, mostró mejores resultados que el control, manteniendo los pigmentos y la forma con resultados claramente superiores (70.97%). La ceja izquierda, no tratada, mostró mejores resultados en solo el 22.58% de las pacientes. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados fueron satisfactorios y abren una nueva visión sobre el papel de la vitamina C nanoencapsulada en la cicatrización y protección de la piel en el procedimiento de micropigmentación de las cejas


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Eyebrows micropigmentation is a popular procedure to enhance the aged and youth eyebrows and to create an aesthetic shape to them. Despite the devices evolution and routines for this procedure there is a lack of wound healing and protection products both to skin and the new pigments. For many years, the use of regular Vitamin C dermocosmetics in this procedure has been non indicated, because the possibility of whitening and discoloration, despite its recognized wound healing and antioxidants properties. Our propose in this paper is to investigate if it's possible to add nanoencapsulated vitamin C in eyebrows micropigmentation procedure in order to take advantage of its properties, to enhance the procedure results, and if the nanoencapsulated vitamin C can get better results in eyebrows micropigmentation, without whitening and discoloration METHODS: A prospective randomized study was developed including 31 patients who underwent bilateral eyebrows micropigmentation using the same procedure routine and device. Under their consent, patients served as their own control and received nanoencapsulated vitamin C to one eyebrow and none product to the other side. RESULTS: The evaluation was carried out using photographic documentation and visual analysis, assessing whether or not there was color loss. The right eyebrow, treated with nanoencapsulated vitamin C showed better results than the control, maintaining pigments and shape with clearly superior results (70.97%). The untreated left eyebrow showed better results in only 22.58% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: The results were satisfactory and open a new vision on the role of nanoencapsulated vitamin C in the healing and protection of the skin in the micropigmentation procedure of the eyebrows


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nanocápsulas/administração & dosagem , Ácido Ascórbico/administração & dosagem , Sobrancelhas , Tatuagem/métodos , Pigmentação da Pele , Cicatriz/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos Prospectivos
10.
J Surg Res ; 255: 135-143, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543379

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The use of sutures remains the first choice for wound closure. However, incorrect use of a suture technique can lead to impaired healing. Many techniques are described for high-tension wounds, but not much is known about their mechanical properties. Complications of excessive tension include dehiscence, infection, and ischemic necrosis and could be prevented. This study aimed to compare forces in five techniques (single, horizontal mattress, vertical mattress, pulley, and modified pulley suture) in a standardized wound tension model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A standardized neoprene wound model was developed on the ForceTRAP system (MediShield B.V., Delft, The Netherlands) to mimic a 5 Newton (N) wound. Five different suture techniques were each repeated 10 times by a student, resident dermatology, and dermsurgeon. The pulling force of the suture's first throw was measured with the Hook-in-Force sensor (Technical University Delft, The Netherlands). Changes in wound tension were measured by the ForceTRAP system. The ForceTRAP is a platform measuring forces from 0 to 20 N in three dimensions with an accuracy of 0.1 N. The Hook-in-Force is a force sensor measuring 0-15 N with an accuracy of 0.5 N. Maximum and mean forces were calculated for each suture technique and operator. RESULTS: Mean maximum pulling force: 5.69 N (standard deviation [SD], 0.88) single, 7.25 N (SD, 1.33) vertical mattress, 8.11 N (SD, 1.00) horizontal mattress, 3.46 N (SD, 0.61) pulley, and 4.52 N (SD, 0.67) modified pulley suture. The mean force increase on the skin (substitute) ranged between 0.80 N (pulley) and 0.96 N (vertical mattress). CONCLUSIONS: The pulley suture requires less pulling force compared with other techniques. The mechanical properties of sutures should be taken in consideration when choosing a technique to close wounds.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Teste de Materiais , Técnicas de Sutura , Suturas , Resistência à Tração
12.
Hautarzt ; 71(8): 580-587, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32533202

RESUMO

Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of cancer in Central Europe and has a high medical relevance. Due to its high tendency of recurrence, an important parameter in the planning of therapy is the risk of recurrence. After clinical and histological diagnosis, the majority of tumors are treated surgically, although radiation and topical procedures are also possible therapeutic alternatives in certain constellations. Hedgehog inhibitors, a completely new class of substances, have recently been approved for rare metastatic and locally advanced diseases, thus significantly expanding the range of treatments. This article provides an overview of the current guideline-based diagnosis and therapy of basal cell carcinomas in Germany.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Basocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Basocelular/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/terapia , Carcinoma Basocelular/patologia , Europa (Continente) , Alemanha , Proteínas Hedgehog , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia
13.
Hautarzt ; 71(8): 597-606, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32583034

RESUMO

Cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (cSCC) is one of the most common cancers of the Caucasian population and accounts for 20% of all skin tumours. An S3 guideline of the German Guideline Program in Oncology has been available since 2019. The diagnosis is based on the clinical examination. Excision and histological confirmation is required for all clinically suspicious lesions to allow prognostic assessment and correct treatment. The therapy of first choice is complete excision with histological control of the surgical margin. In cSCC with risk factors such as tumor thickness >6 mm, sentinel lymph node biopsy may be discussed, but there is currently no clear evidence of its prognostic and therapeutic relevance. Adjuvant radiation therapy may be considered in cases of high risk of recurrence and should be tested in cases of inoperable tumors. The indication for electrochemotherapy should also be considered in the treatment of local or locoregional recurrence. The immune checkpoint inhibitor cemiplimab is approved for the treatment of inoperable or metastasized cSCC. In case of contraindications, chemotherapeutic agents, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors or palliative radiotherapy can be used. Since the evidence is low in these cases, a systemic therapy should be used preferentially within clinical studies. Follow-up care should be risk-adapted and includes a dermatological control, supplemented by ultrasound examinations in high-risk patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos/métodos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Prognóstico , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Plast Reconstr Aesthet Surg ; 73(7): 1299-1305, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32430266

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In most breast reduction techniques, the pedicle of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) is de-epithelialized to preserve the subdermal plexus, thereby decreasing the risk of NAC necrosis. However, deskinning the pedicle is faster and makes it more pliable, which potentially improves the aesthetic outcome. There is no scientific evidence regarding the beneficial effects of de-epithelialization. In this study, we present data from patients undergoing breast reduction with deskinning of a superomedial pedicle. METHODS: In the period June 2013 to March 2019, a single surgeon performed all breast reductions using a superomedial glandular pedicle. The patients were included retrospectively and data were collected by reviewing the medical records. The NAC necrosis rate was compared with data from the literature through a systematic review. RESULTS: The cohort consisted of 142 consecutive patients. The median resection weight was 287 g (interquartile range (IQR), 197-399) per breast. No complete NAC necroses occurred during the follow-up period, but two patients (1.4%) developed partial NAC necrosis. In the literature, the rate of NAC necrosis (complete or partial) was 1.5% of patients undergoing breast reduction with de-epithelialization. CONCLUSION: The rate of NAC necrosis after breast reduction with deskinning of the pedicle was comparable with breast reductions with de-epithelialization that has been reported in the literature. Our findings support that the pedicle in breast reduction surgery can be deskinned safely in patients with low resection weights.


Assuntos
Mamoplastia/métodos , Adulto , Estudos de Coortes , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Dermatológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Necrose , Mamilos/patologia , Mamilos/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/patologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
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