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1.
Magy Seb ; 73(1): 29-36, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32172578

RESUMO

Introduction: The raison d'etre of laparoscopic surgery of colonic tumours is supported by many I/a level evidence. There are a lot of excellent early and late results regarding sigmoid and upper third rectum tumours in favour of laparoscopic surgery. There are not many literature proposals like this regarding chemo-irradiated tumours. Material and method: One hundred ninety-six patients received neoadjuvant treatment due to lower and middle third rectum tumours in the Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County Hospital between the 1st of January 2006 and the 31st of December 2011. Twelve patients out the 196 were not followed up, so we analysed 184 patients' data. We performed laparoscopic surgery on 67 patients. Conversion happened on 15 patients out of the 67 cases. Open surgery was performed on 117 patients. We strived for the ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery at the origin, the sparing of the autonomic nerves and the precise implementation of TME. The splenic flexure has been taken down during the operations that involved resection. Results: The Dukes stages as well as the, ASA stages were similar in both groups. There was no significant difference in the patients' BMI either. The length of the removed specimens and the tumour size were similar too. The defining factors of recurrence are the involvement of the circumferential resection margin (CRM) and the complete execution of the TME. These were appropriate in our laparoscopic cases, and we did not find a significant difference in between the groups (Chi-square test, p = 0.94). The operation time was similar in the laparoscopic, converted and open surgeries, and there was no significant difference either. The shortest postoperative care time was in the laparoscopic group, but the Mann-Whitney test did not reveal a significant difference. Similarly to literature data, we experienced much less wound-related complications like infections and fever in the laparoscopic group. There was a significant difference in terms of transfusion demand comparing the laparoscopic and open operation groups, to the detriment of the open surgery group (Chi-square test, p = 0.04). We did not find a significant difference in recurrence or survival during follow-up of the patients. Conclusion: In addition to the short-term advantages of laparoscopic surgery, it is a safe procedure for the chemo-irradiated rectum tumours even from an oncological point of view. Both open and laparoscopic surgery requires high-level competency and qualification and these must be performed in centres.


Assuntos
Quimiorradioterapia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Ligadura , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Terapia Neoadjuvante/métodos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Retais/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 42(1): 86-90, 2020 Feb 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32131945

RESUMO

Objective To identify the possible factors that may influence the success and the complications of ultrasound-guided out-of-plane radial arterial cannulation. Methods Multivariate Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze the clinical data of 131 patients undergoing elective surgery and ultrasound-guided out-of-plane radial artery cannulation,dynamic needle tip positioning(DNTP) technique or angular distance(AD) technique and to find out the factors associated with the one-attempt success rate,overall success rate,posterior arterial wall perforation,and local hematoma. Results The depth of the anterior arterial wall≥3 mm was the factor associated with posterior arterial wall perforation(OR=0.314,95%CI:0.143-0.691,P=0.004) and local hematoma(OR=0.250,95%CI:0.107-0.585,P=0.001).The use of DNTP method was significantly associated with posterior arterial wall perforation(OR=0.303,95%CI:0.138-0.667,P=0.003). Conclusions During ultrasound-guided out-of-plane radial cannulation,puncture at the arterial anterior wall sites with a depth of≥3 mm can reduce the incidence of posterior arterial wall perforation and local hematoma.Compared with AD,DNTP can lower the incidence of posterior arterial wall perforation.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico , Artéria Radial/diagnóstico por imagem , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Análise Multivariada
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(10): e19240, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32150060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the improvement of anesthesia and surgical techniques, supraglottic device with assist ventilation under general anesthesia (GA) combined with nerve block is gradually applied to video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. However, the safety of assist ventilation has not been fully confirmed, and a large number of samples should be studied in clinical exploration. METHODS: The subjects included 120 patients, undergoing elective thoracoscopic GA, with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II, were randomly divided into 3 groups, 40 cases in each group. Group T: received double-lumen bronchial intubation, Group I: received intercostal nerve block using a supraglottic device, Group P: received paravertebral nerve block using a supraglottic device. Mean arterial pressure, heart rate, saturation of pulse oximetry and surgical field satisfaction, general anesthetic dosage and recovery time were recorded before induction of GA (T0), at the start of the surgical procedure (T1), 15 minutes later (T2), 30 minutes later (T3), and before the end of the surgical procedure (T4). Static and dynamic pain rating (NRS) and Ramsay sedation score were recorded 2 hours after surgery (T5), 12 hours after surgery (T6), 24 hours after surgery (T7), time to get out of bed, hospitalization time and cost, patient satisfaction and adverse reactions. RESULTS: There was no significant difference with the surgical visual field of the 3 groups (P > .05). The MAP, HR and SpO2 of the 3 groups were decreased from T2 to T3 compared with T0(P < .05). Compared with group T: the total dosage of GA was reduced in group I and group P, the recovery time was shorter, the time to get out of bed was earlier (P < .05), the hospitalization time was shortened, the hospitalization cost was lower, and the patient satisfaction was higher (P < .05). The static and dynamic NRS scores were lower from T5 to T7 (P < .05). Ramsay sedation scores were higher (P < .05), and the incidence of adverse reactions was lower (P < .05). Comparison between group I and group P: Dynamic NRS score of group P was lower from T6 to T7 (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Supraglottic device with assist ventilation under general anesthesia combined with nerve block in uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery is safe and feasible.


Assuntos
Anestesia Geral/instrumentação , Bloqueio Nervoso/instrumentação , Respiração Artificial , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida , Adulto , Período de Recuperação da Anestesia , Anestesia Geral/efeitos adversos , Anestésicos Gerais/administração & dosagem , Pressão Sanguínea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Intubação Intratraqueal , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Bloqueio Nervoso/efeitos adversos , Oximetria
5.
Am Surg ; 86(1): 49-55, 2020 Jan 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32077416

RESUMO

After elective sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis, patients may experience persistent abdominal symptoms. This study aimed to determine the incidence and characteristics of persistent symptoms (PSs) and their risk factors in patients who had no reported recurrence after elective sigmoidectomy. Patients who underwent elective sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis from 2002 to 2016 at a tertiary academic colorectal surgery practice were included. After retrospective review of medical records, patients were contacted with a questionnaire to inquire about recurrence of diverticulitis and persistent abdominal symptoms since resection. Outcomes examined were prevalence of and risk factors for PSs after elective sigmoidectomy. Of 662 included patients, 346 completed the questionnaire and had no recurrent diverticulitis. PSs were reported by 43.9 per cent of the patients. The mean follow-up was 87 months. Female gender and preoperative diagnosis of irritable bowel syndrome were independent risk factors for PSs (Relative Risk 1.65, P < 0.001 and Relative Risk 1.41, P = 0.014). Previous IV antibiotics treatment was associated with PSs (P = 0.034) but not with a significant risk factor. As the follow-up interval increased, prevalence of PSs decreased (P = 0.006). More than 40 per cent of patients experienced persistent abdominal symptoms after sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis. Female patients and those with irritable bowel syndrome were at significantly increased risk.


Assuntos
Colectomia/métodos , Colo Sigmoide/cirurgia , Doença Diverticular do Colo/cirurgia , Avaliação de Sintomas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Harefuah ; 159(1): 113-116, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Hebraico | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32048491

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Tracheal intubation is a vital and common procedure during surgical care. The tracheal tube may be inserted orally or trans-nasally. Nasal intubation enables a non-restricted approach for oral and oropharyngeal regions. Thus, nasotracheal intubation is more suitable for surgeries such as uvulopalatopharyngoplasty treating obstructive sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is an independent risk factor for postoperative cardiorespiratory complications. Thus, meticulous treatment during and post-operatively is needed keeping the upper airway open including the nasal cavity. In several studies, nasotracheal intubation resulted in disruption of the nasal mucosa. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is evaluating the developing nasal resistance post nasotracheal intubation and comparing it to nasal resistance post-orotracheal intubation. To our knowledge, this is the first data on nasal obstruction following nasal intubation. METHODS: Forty-four candidates, for elective non-head and neck procedures were randomized into two groups: oral intubation group and nasal intubation group. The nasal resistance of all participants was measured by anterior rhinomanometry upon the recommendation of the standardization committee on objective assessment of the nasal airway. Statistical analysis with paired T test, Chi square and McNemar's test was performed. Statistical significance was evaluated at P≤0.05. RESULTS: There were no differences between the study groups regarding nasal resistance before and after intubation. However, nasotracheal intubation was found to disrupt the normal nasal cycle of the nasal mucosa. CONCLUSIONS: Nasotracheal intubation does not negatively affect nasal resistance in the early postoperative period. DISCUSSION: Nasotracheal intubation does not affect nasal resistance and it seems to be safe for OSA patients. More research has to be conducted to evaluate the nasal resistance in patients who undergo oral and nasal surgeries.


Assuntos
Intubação Intratraqueal , Cavidade Nasal , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Respiração Artificial
8.
JAMA ; 323(6): 538-547, 2020 02 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32044941

RESUMO

Importance: Privately insured patients who receive care from in-network physicians may receive unexpected out-of-network bills ("surprise bills") from out-of-network clinicians they did not choose. In elective surgery, this can occur if patients choose in-network surgeons and hospitals but receive out-of-network bills from other involved clinicians. Objective: To evaluate out-of-network billing across common elective operations performed with in-network primary surgeons and facilities. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective analysis of claims data from a large US commercial insurer, representing 347 356 patients who had undergone 1 of 7 common elective operations (arthroscopic meniscal repair [116 749]; laparoscopic cholecystectomy [82 372]; hysterectomy [67 452]; total knee replacement [42 313]; breast lumpectomy [18 018]; colectomy [14 074]; coronary artery bypass graft surgery [6378]) by an in-network primary surgeon at an in-network facility between January 1, 2012, and September 30, 2017. Follow-up ended November 8, 2017. Exposure: Patient, clinician, and insurance factors potentially related to out-of-network bills. Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary outcome was the proportion of episodes with out-of-network bills. The secondary outcome was the estimated potential balance bill associated with out-of-network bills from each surgical procedure, calculated as total out-of-network charges less the typical in-network price for the same service. Results: Among 347 356 patients (mean age, 48 [SD, 11] years; 66% women) who underwent surgery with in-network primary surgeons and facilities, 20.5% of episodes (95% CI, 19.4%-21.7%) had an out-of-network bill. In these episodes, the mean potential balance bill per episode was $2011 (95% CI, $1866-$2157) when present. Out-of-network bills were associated with surgical assistants in 37% of these episodes; when present, the mean potential balance bill was $3633 (95% CI, $3384-$3883). Out-of-network bills were associated with anesthesiologists in 37% of episodes; when present, the mean potential balance bill was $1219 (95% CI, $1049-$1388). Membership in health insurance exchange plans, compared with nonexchange plans, was associated with a significantly higher risk of out-of-network bills (27% vs 20%, respectively; risk difference, 6% [95% CI, 3.9%-8.9%]; P < .001). Surgical complications were associated with a significantly higher risk of out-of-network bills, compared with episodes with no complications (28% vs 20%, respectively; risk difference, 7% [95% CI, 5.8%-8.8%]; P < .001). Among 83 021 procedures performed at ambulatory surgery centers with in-network primary surgeons, 6.7% (95% CI, 5.8%-7.7%) included an out-of-network facility bill and 17.2% (95% CI, 15.7%-18.8%) included an out-of-network professional bill. Conclusions and Relevance: In this retrospective analysis of commercially insured patients who had undergone elective surgery at in-network facilities with in-network primary surgeons, a substantial proportion of operations were associated with out-of-network bills.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/economia , Honorários Médicos , Financiamento Pessoal/economia , Cobertura do Seguro/economia , Seguro Saúde/economia , Anestesiologistas/economia , Dedutíveis e Cosseguros , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Assistentes Médicos/economia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgiões/economia , Estados Unidos
10.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 145(2): 459-467, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31985641

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Injuries to the upper extremity lymphatic system from cancer may require measures to prevent secondary lymphedema. Guidelines were established relating to the use of tourniquet and elective hand and upper extremity surgery. However, reports in the setting of hand surgery have indicated that prior guidelines may not be protective to the patient. METHODS: The study systematically reviewed the current literature evaluating elective hand surgery in breast cancer patients. The authors evaluated the risk of complications, including new or worsening lymphedema and infection. RESULTS: One hundred ninety-eight abstracts were identified, and a bibliographic review was performed. Nine studies pertained to our subject, and four were included for final review. All studies included patients with prior breast cancer treatment involving breast surgery and axillary lymph node dissection. Pneumatic tourniquets were used during nearly all operations. Patients without presurgery ipsilateral lymphedema had a 2.7 percent incidence of developing new lymphedema and a 0.7 percent rate of postoperative infection. Patients with presurgery lymphedema had a 11.1 percent incidence of worsening lymphedema and a 16.7 percent rate of infection. However, all cases of new or exacerbated lymphedema resolved within 3 months. Tourniquet use was not found to increase rates of lymphedema. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the available evidence, there is no increased risk of complications for elective hand surgery in patients with prior breast cancer treatment. Breast cancer patients with preexisting ipsilateral lymphedema carry slightly increased risk of postoperative infection and worsening lymphedema. It is the authors' opinion and recommendation that elective hand surgery with a tourniquet is not a contradiction in patients who have received previous breast cancer treatments.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Mãos/cirurgia , Linfedema/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Mama/complicações , Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/etiologia , Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo/efeitos adversos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Linfedema/complicações , Mastectomia/efeitos adversos , Mastectomia/métodos , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Cirurgia de Second-Look/estatística & dados numéricos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/efeitos adversos , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Torniquetes , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18747, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914094

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A low first-pass success rate of radial artery cannulation was obtained when using the conventional palpation technique (C-PT) or conventional ultrasound-guided techniques, we; therefore, evaluate the effect of a modified long-axis in-plane ultrasound technique (M-LAINUT) in guiding radial artery cannulation in adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, randomized and controlled clinical trial of 288 patients undergoing radial artery cannulation. Patients were randomized 1:1 to M-LAINUT or C-PT group at Fujian Medical University Union Hospital between 2017 and 2018. Radial artery cannulation was performed by 3 anesthesiologists with different experience. The outcome was the first and total radial artery cannulation success rates, the number of attempts and the cannulation time, and incidence of complications. RESULTS: Two hundred eighty-five patients were statistically analyzed. The success rate of first attempt was 91.6% in the M-LAINUT group (n = 143) and 57.7% in the C-PT group (n = 142; P < .001) (odds ratio, 7.9; 95% confidence interval, 4.0-15.7). The total success rate (≤5 minutes and ≤3 attempts) in the M-LAINUT group was 97.9%, compared to 84.5% in the palpation group (P < .001) (odds ratio, 8.5; 95% confidence interval, 2.5-29.2). The total cannulation time was shorter and the number of attempts was fewer in the M-LAINUT group than that in the C-PT group (P < .05). The incidence of hematoma in the C-PT group was 19.7%, which was significantly higher than the 2.8% in the M-LAINUT group (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: Modified long-axis in-plane ultrasound-guided radial artery cannulation can increase the first and total radial artery cannulation success rates, reduce the number of attempts, and shorten the total cannulation time in adults.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Periférico/métodos , Palpação/métodos , Artéria Radial , Ultrassonografia de Intervenção/métodos , Idoso , Anestesiologistas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos
15.
J Surg Res ; 246: 100-105, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31563829

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) is an established quality indicator and predictor for adverse patient outcomes. Multiple strategies have been established to reduce SSI; however, optimum protocol remains unclear. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of established protocol on SSI after colon surgery. METHODS: We established a colon SSI bundle in 2017, which includes a chlorhexidine prescrub followed by chloraPrep, betadine wound wash, antibiotic infused irrigation, use of closure tray, and incision coverage with silver impregnated dressing. Retrospective analysis of a 2-y (2016-2017) prospectively collected before and after analysis of all patients undergoing elective colon surgery was performed. Patients were divided into two groups: preprotocol (PP: year 2016) and postprotocol (PoP: year 2017). Patients in the two groups were matched using propensity score matching for age, gender, comorbidities, Anesthesiology Severity Score, indication of procedure, and procedure type. Outcome measures were SSI, hospital length of stay, and readmission rate. RESULTS: A total of 328 patients were analyzed, and after propensity matching, 94 patients (PP:47 and PoP:47) were included. The mean age was 63.7 ± 16.4 y, 43.6% male, and 44.6% of procedures were performed laparoscopically. There was no difference in demographics, comorbidities, and procedure details between two groups. PoP patients had significantly lower superficial (odds ratio: 0.91 [0.74-0.98]; P = 0.045) and deep SSI (odds ratio:0.97 [0.65-0.99]; P = 0.048) than PP patients. PoP patient had shorter length of stay (P = 0.049) and trend toward lower readmission rate (P = 0.098) compared with PP patients and an 85% reduction in the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services standardized infection rate. CONCLUSIONS: Protocol-driven patient care improves patient outcomes. SSI bundle reduced SSI in patient undergoing colon surgery. Establishing national SSI bundles will help standardize care and help optimize patient outcomes.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos , Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Anti-Infecciosos Locais/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Estudos Prospectivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos
16.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(2): 133-140, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31508999

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Surgical site infections cause considerable postoperative morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to determine the effect on surgical site infection rates following introduction of a departmental oral antibiotic bowel preparation protocol. METHODS: A prospective single-centre study was performed for elective colorectal resections between May 2016-April 2018; with a control group with mechanical bowel preparation and treatment group with oral antibiotic bowel preparation (neomycin and metronidazole) and mechanical bowel preparation. The primary outcome of surgical site infection and secondary outcomes of anastomotic leak, length of stay and mortality rate were analysed using Fisher's exact test and independent samples t-tests. A cost-effectiveness analysis was also performed. RESULTS: A total of 311 patients were included; 156 in the mechanical bowel preparation group and 155 in the mechanical bowel preparation plus oral antibiotic bowel preparation group. The study included 180 (57.9%) men and 131 (42.1%) women with a mean age of 68 years. There was a significant reduction in surgical site infection rates (mechanical bowel preparation 16.0% vs mechanical bowel preparation plus oral antibiotic bowel preparation 4.5%; P = 0.001) and mean length of stay (mechanical bowel preparation 10.2 days vs mechanical bowel preparation plus oral antibiotic bowel preparation 8.2 days; P = 0.012). There was also a reduction in anastomotic leak and mortality rates. Subgroup analyses demonstrated significantly reduced surgical site infection rates in laparoscopic resections (P = 0.008). There was an estimated cost saving of £239.13 per patient and £37,065 for our institution over a one-year period. CONCLUSION: Oral antibiotic bowel preparation is a feasible and cost-effective intervention shown to significantly reduce the rates of surgical site infection and length of stay in elective colorectal surgery.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Administração Oral , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibioticoprofilaxia/economia , Doenças do Colo/economia , Análise Custo-Benefício , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/economia , Inglaterra , Feminino , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Doenças Retais/economia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/economia , Adulto Jovem
17.
J Vasc Access ; 21(1): 66-72, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31204560

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The ultrasound-guided axillary vein is becoming a compulsory alternative vessel for central venous catheterization and the anatomical position offers several potential advantages over blind, subclavian vein techniques. OBJECTIVE: To determine the degree of dynamic variation of the axillary vein size measured by ultrasound prior to the induction of general anesthesia and after starting controlled mechanical ventilation. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. METHODS: One hundred ten patients undergoing elective surgery were enrolled and classified according to sex, age, and body mass index. Two-dimensional cross-sectional vein diameter, area, and mean flow velocity were performed using ultrasound on both the left and right axillary veins of each subject before and after induction of anesthesia. RESULTS: There was statistically significant evidence showing that the axillary vein area increases when patients are mechanically ventilated. When considering venous flow velocity as a primary outcome, velocity decreased after patients moved from spontaneous to mechanical ventilation (coefficient = -0.267), but this relationship failed to achieve statistical significance (t = -1.355, p = 0.179). CONCLUSIONS: Anatomical variations in depth and diameter as well as the collapsibility due to intrathoracic pressures changes represent common challenges that face clinicians during central venous catheterization of the axillary vein. A noteworthy increase in vessel size as patients transition from spontaneous to mechanical ventilation may theoretically improve first-pass cannulation success with practitioners skilled in both ultrasound and procedure. As a result, placing a centrally inserted central catheter after the induction of anesthesia may be beneficial.


Assuntos
Veia Axilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Respiração Artificial , Ultrassonografia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Anestesia Geral , Veia Axilar/fisiologia , Velocidade do Fluxo Sanguíneo , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Pressão , Estudos Prospectivos , Fluxo Sanguíneo Regional , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
18.
Ann R Coll Surg Engl ; 102(1): 28-35, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31232611

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Enhanced recovery programmes are established as an essential part of laparoscopic colorectal surgery. Optimal pain management is central to the success of an enhanced recovery programme and is acknowledged to be an important patient reported outcome measure. A variety of analgesia strategies are employed in elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery ranging from patient-controlled analgesia to local anaesthetic wound infiltration catheters. However, there is little evidence regarding the optimal analgesia strategy in this cohort of patients. The LapCoGesic study aimed to explore differences in analgesia strategies employed for patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery and to assess whether this variation in practice has an impact on patient-reported and clinical outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective, multicentre, observational cohort study of consecutive patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal resection was undertaken over a two-month period. The primary outcome measure was postoperative pain scores at 24 hours. Data analysis was conducted using SPSS version 22. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients undergoing elective laparoscopic colorectal surgery were included in the study. Thoracic epidural was used in 4 (3.9%) patients, spinal diamorphine in 56 (54.4%) patients and patient-controlled analgesia in 77 (74.8%) patients. The use of thoracic epidural and spinal diamorphine were associated with lower pain scores on day 1 postoperatively (P < 0.05). The use of patient-controlled analgesia was associated with significantly higher postoperative pain scores and pain severity. DISCUSSION: Postoperative pain is managed in a variable manner in patients undergoing elective colorectal surgery, which has an impact on patient reported outcomes of pain scores and pain severity.


Assuntos
Analgesia/métodos , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Idoso , Analgesia/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Analgésicos Opioides/uso terapêutico , Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Laparoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/etiologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/métodos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Prospectivos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Anaesthesia ; 75(2): 171-178, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31646623

RESUMO

Free nicotine patches may promote pre-operative smoking cessation. Smokers (≥ 10 cigarettes.day-1 ) awaiting non-urgent surgery were randomly assigned (3:1) to an offer of free nicotine patches or a control group who were not offered free nicotine patches. The suggested regimen lasted 5 weeks, with patch strength decreasing incrementally after 3 and 4 weeks. The primary outcome was smoking abstinence for ≥ 4 weeks, as self-reported by participants on the day of surgery, including, where possible, corroboration using exhaled carbon monoxide testing. Out of 600 included smokers, 447 (74.5%) were randomly assigned to an offer of pre-operative nicotine patches, with 175 (39.1%) of these accepting the offer and 56 (12.5%) using patches for ≥ 3 weeks. Out of 396 participants offered nicotine patches who were included for analysis, 36 (9.1%) quit smoking for ≥ 4 weeks before surgery as compared with 8 (5.9%) controls, OR 1.5 [95%CI 0.7-3.2], p = 0.300. Sixty-three (15.9%) quit smoking for 24 h before surgery as compared with 15 (11.1%) controls, OR 1.4 [95%CI 0.8-2.4], p = 0.200. Participants offered nicotine patches were more likely to engage in a cessation attempt lasting more than 24 h, 46 (11.6%) vs. 5 (3.7%), OR 3.4 [95%CI 1.8-8.8], p = 0.010. Out of 78 participants who quit smoking by the day of surgery and were followed up at 6 months, 46 (59%) had relapsed. Offering free nicotine patches stimulated interest in quitting compared with controls, but our protocol had limited effectiveness.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/terapia , Dispositivos para o Abandono do Uso de Tabaco , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
J Surg Res ; 246: 506-511, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31679799

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The studies that established historical rates of surgical infection after cholecystectomy predate the modern era of laparoscopy and routine prophylactic antibiotics. Newer studies have reported a much lower incidence of infections in "low-risk" elective, outpatient, laparoscopic cholecystectomies. We investigated the current rate of postoperative infections in these cases within a large, U.S. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed elective laparoscopic cholecystectomies from the 2016-2017 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database. Our primary outcome was postoperative surgical site infection; secondary was Clostridium difficile infection. Logistic models evaluated the associations of patient and operation characteristics with these outcomes. RESULTS: Surgical infection occurred in 1.0% of cases (293/30,579). Cdifficile infection occurred in 0.1% (31 cases). In our adjusted multivariable models, other/unknown race/ethnicity, diabetes, hypertension, smoking, American Society of Anesthesiologists >2, operative minutes, and wound class 4 were associated with a significantly higher odds of surgical infection; no covariates were significantly associated with Cdifficile infection. CONCLUSIONS: In the setting of modern U.S. surgical practice, the incidence of infection after elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy is very low, on par with clean cases. Our study identified several patient characteristics that were strongly associated with surgical infection. Many of these are not included as risk factors in current guidelines for antibiotic prophylaxis and may help to identify those at higher risk for this rare complication.


Assuntos
Antibioticoprofilaxia/normas , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Infecções por Clostridium/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Adulto , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Infecções por Clostridium/etiologia , Infecções por Clostridium/prevenção & controle , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Melhoria de Qualidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
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