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1.
Can J Surg ; 63(6): E527-E529, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33180692

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The cancellation of large numbers of surgical procedures because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has drastically extended wait lists and negatively affected patient care and experience. As many facilities resume clinical work owing to the currently low burden of disease in our community, we are faced with operative booking protocols and procedures that are not mathematically designed to optimize efficiency. Using a subset of artificial intelligence called "machine learning," we have shown how the use of operating time can be optimized with a custom Python (a high-level programming language) script and an open source machine-learning algorithm, the ORTools software suite from the Google AI division of Alphabet Inc. This allowed the creation of customized models to optimize the efficiency of operating room booking times, which resulted in a reduction in nursing overtime of 21% - a theoretical cost savings of $469 000 over 3 years.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Eficiência Organizacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ontário , Duração da Cirurgia , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia
2.
JAMA Netw Open ; 3(11): e2023547, 2020 11 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33136133

RESUMO

Importance: Hospitals ceased most elective procedures during the height of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) infections. As hospitals begin to recommence elective procedures, it is necessary to have a means to assess how resource intensive a given case may be. Objective: To evaluate the development and performance of a clinical decision support tool to inform resource utilization for elective procedures. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this prognostic study, predictive modeling was used on retrospective electronic health records data from a large academic health system comprising 1 tertiary care hospital and 2 community hospitals of patients undergoing scheduled elective procedures from January 1, 2017, to March 1, 2020. Electronic health records data on case type, patient demographic characteristics, service utilization history, comorbidities, and medications were and abstracted and analyzed. Data were analyzed from April to June 2020. Main Outcomes and Measures: Predicitons of hospital length of stay, intensive care unit length of stay, need for mechanical ventilation, and need to be discharged to a skilled nursing facility. These predictions were generated using the random forests algorithm. Predicted probabilities were turned into risk classifications designed to give assessments of resource utilization risk. Results: Data from the electronic health records of 42 199 patients from 3 hospitals were abstracted for analysis. The median length of stay was 2.3 days (range, 1.3-4.2 days), 6416 patients (15.2%) were admitted to the intensive care unit, 1624 (3.8%) received mechanical ventilation, and 2843 (6.7%) were discharged to a skilled nursing facility. Predictive performance was strong with an area under the receiver operator characteristic ranging from 0.76 to 0.93. Sensitivity of the high-risk and medium-risk groupings was set at 95%. The negative predictive value of the low-risk grouping was 99%. We integrated the models into a daily refreshing Tableau dashboard to guide decision-making. Conclusions and Relevance: The clinical decision support tool is currently being used by surgical leadership to inform case scheduling. This work shows the importance of a learning health care environment in surgical care, using quantitative modeling to guide decision-making.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus , Tomada de Decisões , Sistemas de Apoio a Decisões Clínicas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde , Hospitalização , Hospitais , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Registros Eletrônicos de Saúde , Feminino , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Alta do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Instituições de Cuidados Especializados de Enfermagem
5.
BMJ Open ; 10(10): e042392, 2020 10 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130573

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The suspension of elective surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic is unprecedented and has resulted in record volumes of patients waiting for operations. Novel approaches that maximise capacity and efficiency of surgical care are urgently required. This study applies Markov multiscale community detection (MMCD), an unsupervised graph-based clustering framework, to identify new surgical care models based on pooled waiting-lists delivered across an expanded network of surgical providers. DESIGN: Retrospective observational study using Hospital Episode Statistics. SETTING: Public and private hospitals providing surgical care to National Health Service (NHS) patients in England. PARTICIPANTS: All adult patients resident in England undergoing NHS-funded planned surgical procedures between 1 April 2017 and 31 March 2018. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The identification of the most common planned surgical procedures in England (high-volume procedures (HVP)) and proportion of low, medium and high-risk patients undergoing each HVP. The mapping of hospitals providing surgical care onto optimised groupings based on patient usage data. RESULTS: A total of 7 811 891 planned operations were identified in 4 284 925 adults during the 1-year period of our study. The 28 most common surgical procedures accounted for a combined 3 907 474 operations (50.0% of the total). 2 412 613 (61.7%) of these most common procedures involved 'low risk' patients. Patients travelled an average of 11.3 km for these procedures. Based on the data, MMCD partitioned England into 45, 16 and 7 mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive natural surgical communities of increasing coarseness. The coarser partitions into 16 and seven surgical communities were shown to be associated with balanced supply and demand for surgical care within communities. CONCLUSIONS: Pooled waiting-lists for low-risk elective procedures and patients across integrated, expanded natural surgical community networks have the potential to increase efficiency by innovatively flexing existing supply to better match demand.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cadeias de Markov , Modelos Organizacionais , Pandemias , Medicina Estatal/organização & administração , Listas de Espera , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Redes Comunitárias/organização & administração , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Eficiência Organizacional , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/classificação , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Colaboração Intersetorial , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Medicina Estatal/estatística & dados numéricos
6.
Dtsch Arztebl Int ; 117(31-32): 521-527, 2020 Aug 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33087240

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A number of studies have revealed higher postoperative mortality after operations that were performed toward the end of the week. It is not yet known whether a day-of-the-week effect exists after visceral surgical procedures for cancer in Germany. METHODS: Data on resections of carcinomas of the colon, rectum (2010-2017), and head of the pancreas (2014-2017) (n = 19 703) that had been prospectively acquired by the Study, Documentation, and Quality Center of the German Society for General and Visceral Surgery were analyzed in relation to the day of the week on which the operation was performed. The primary endpoint was postoperative 30-day mortality; the secondary endpoints were complications, length of hospital stay, and MTL30 (a combined outcome criterion that is positive if the patient has died, is still in the hospital, or has been transferred to another acute care hospital 30 days after the index procedure). RESULTS: Resections of colon carcinomas that were performed on Mondays were associated with more advanced tumor stages (T4: 18.4% vs. 15.7%, p <0.001), higher 30-day mortality (3.5% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.004), and a more frequently positive MTL30 (10.5% vs. 8.5%, p = 0.004). Among patients who underwent pancreatic head resections, those whose procedures were on Tuesday had higher mortality (6.2% vs. 3.8%; p = 0.021). Among those who underwent surgery for rectal carcinoma, the day of the week on which the procedure was performed had no effect on postoperative morality. Multivariate analysis revealed that the independent risk factors for postoperative mortality were colonic resection on a Monday (odds ratio [OR]: 1.45; 95% confidence interval [1.11; 1.92], p = 0.008) and pancreatic head resection on a Tuesday (OR: 1.88 [1.18; 2.91], p = 0.006). CONCLUSION: Elective surgery for carcinoma of the colon or pancreatic head is associated with slightly higher mortality if per - formed toward the beginning of the week. On the other hand, the day of the week has no effect on the outcome of surgery for rectal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/mortalidade , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Pancreatectomia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Neoplasias Retais , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Anaesthesia ; 75(12): 1596-1604, 2020 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33090469

RESUMO

Maintaining safe elective surgical activity during the global coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is challenging and it is not clear how COVID-19 may impact peri-operative morbidity and mortality in this population. Therefore, adaptations to normal care pathways are required. Here, we establish if implementation of a bespoke peri-operative care bundle for urgent elective surgery during a pandemic surge period can deliver a low COVID-19-associated complication profile. We present a single-centre retrospective cohort study from a tertiary care hospital of patients planned for urgent elective surgery during the initial COVID-19 surge in the UK between 29 March and 12 June 2020. Patients asymptomatic for COVID-19 were screened by oronasal swab and chest imaging (chest X-ray or computed tomography if aged ≥ 18 years), proceeding to surgery if negative. COVID-19 positive patients at screening were delayed. Postoperatively, patients transitioning to COVID-19 positive status by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction testing were identified by an in-house tracking system and monitored for complications and death within 30 days of surgery. Out of 557 patients referred for surgery (230 (41.3%) women; median (IQR [range]) age 61 (48-72 [1-89])), 535 patients (96%) had COVID-19 screening, of which 13 were positive (2.4%, 95%CI 1.4-4.1%). Out of 512 patients subsequently undergoing surgery, 7 (1.4%) developed COVID-19 positive status (1.4%, 95%CI 0.7-2.8%) with one COVID-19-related death (0.2%, 95%CI 0.0-1.1%) within 30 days. Out of these seven patients, four developed pneumonia, of which two required invasive ventilation including one patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome. Low rates of COVID-19 infection and mortality in the elective surgical population can be achieved within a targeted care bundle. This should provide reassurance that elective surgery can continue, where possible, despite high community rates of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Período Perioperatório , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Pneumonia/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
8.
Otolaryngol Clin North Am ; 53(6): 1139-1151, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039097

RESUMO

This review summarizes the challenges and adaptations that have taken place in rhinology and facial plastics in response to the ongoing coronavirus disease-19 pandemic. In particular, the prolonged exposure and manipulation of the nasal and oral cavities portend a high risk of viral transmission. We discuss evidence-based recommendations to mitigate the risk of viral transmission through novel techniques and device implementation as well as increasing conservative management of certain pathologies.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Rinoplastia/métodos , Ritidoplastia/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Boca/virologia , Cavidade Nasal/virologia , Saúde do Trabalhador , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Rinoplastia/efeitos adversos , Ritidoplastia/efeitos adversos , Gestão da Segurança/métodos
9.
Otolaryngol Clin North Am ; 53(6): 1159-1170, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33039099
10.
Otolaryngol Clin North Am ; 53(6): 1153-1157, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33127042

RESUMO

The severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2, responsible for the worldwide COVID-19 pandemic, has caused unprecedented changes to society as we know it. The effects have been particularly palpable in the practice of medicine. The field of otolaryngology has not been spared. We have had to significantly alter the way we provide care to patients, changes that are likely to become a new norm for the foreseeable future. This article highlights some of the changes as they apply to otology/neurotology. Although this is written from the perspective of an academic physician, it is also applicable to private practice colleagues.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otológicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuro-Otologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otológicos/métodos , Pandemias/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Gestão da Segurança , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Estados Unidos
12.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0241331, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33095834

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In the early phase of the Covid-19 pandemic, mainly data related to the burden of care required by infected patients were reported. The aim of this study was to illustrate the timeline of actions taken and to measure and analyze their impact on surgical patients. METHOD: This is a retrospective review of actions to limit Covid-19 spread and their impact on surgical activity in a Swiss tertiary referral center. Data on patient care, human resources and hospital logistics were collected. Impact on surgical activity was measured by comparing 6-week periods before and after the first measures were taken. RESULTS: After the first Swiss Covid-19 case appeared on February 25, progressively restrictive measures were taken over a period of 23 days. Covid-19 positive inpatients increased from 5 to 131, and ICU patients from 2 to 31, between days 10 and 30, respectively, without ever overloading resources. A 43% decrease of elective visceral surgical procedures was observed after Covid-19 (295 vs 165, p<0.01), while the urgent operations (all specialties) decreased by 39% (1476 vs 897, p<0.01). Fifty-two and 38 major oncological surgeries were performed, respectively, representing a 27% decrease (p = 0.316). Outpatient consultations dropped by 59%, from 728 to 296 (p<0.01). CONCLUSION: While allowing for maximal care of Covid-19 patients during the pandemic, the shift of resources limited the access to elective surgical care, with less impact on cancer care.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/tendências , Neoplasias/cirurgia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Oncologia Cirúrgica/tendências , Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde , Mão de Obra em Saúde/tendências , Hospitalização/tendências , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Encaminhamento e Consulta/tendências , Estudos Retrospectivos , Suíça/epidemiologia , Centros de Atenção Terciária
14.
Indian J Ophthalmol ; 68(11): 2373-2377, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120621

RESUMO

Purpose: To study the prevalence of asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 virus infection (COVID-19) among patients undergoing elective vitreoretinal surgeries at a tertiary care eye hospital. Methods: This cross-sectional, observational study was performed between July 16, 2020 and August 31, 2020, in the retina clinic of a tertiary care eye hospital in south India. All patients undergoing elective retinal surgical procedures underwent RT-PCR testing for SARS-CoV-2 before being posted for surgery and after obtaining informed consent. Patients planned for surgery under general anesthesia underwent additional computed tomography of the chest. Testing strategies and outcomes were documented. Results: Out of a total of 413 patients who were given appointments for surgery during this period, nine patients (2.2%) were found to have positive RT-PCR for SARS-CoV-2, and their surgeries were postponed. The test positivity (prevalence) rate of asymptomatic COVID-19 infection among all elective vitreoretinal surgical patients in our hospital was 2.2%. None of the patients were symptomatic for COVID-19. Conclusion: Our results showed that among patients visiting high volume ophthalmic centers in the near future, approximately 1 in 45 patients may be asymptomatic, SARS-CoV-2 RT-PCR positive. Asymptomatic COVID-19 patients may lead to chances of transmission of the virus inside healthcare facilities among other visiting patients and healthcare workers.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Cirurgia Vitreorretiniana , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Infecções Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Feminino , Humanos , Índia/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Prevalência , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Inquéritos e Questionários , Atenção Terciária à Saúde
15.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E393-E394, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009900

RESUMO

SUMMARY: The impact of waiting for surgery on the mental health of patients usually receives little attention. Because of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, the waits for elective surgery have been lengthening, potentially inducing or exacerbating mental health burdens. Provinces' health systems need to provide better support to assess not only patients' physical health, but also their mental health, and provide them with timely access to care based on need. A stepped care approach is needed to mitigate negative mental health effects associated with prolonged waits for elective operations. To provide the best care possible, we need to recognize and address both the physical and mental health problems of our waiting patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/psicologia , Controle de Infecções/normas , Saúde Mental , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Canadá/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/normas , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Fatores de Tempo , Tempo para o Tratamento , Listas de Espera
16.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E460-E467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols use evidence-based perioperative practices that reduce morbidity and length of stay and improve patient satisfaction. ERAS is considered standard of care; however, utilization remains low and substantial practice variation exists. The aim of this study was to pragmatically characterize variation in colorectal surgery practice and identify predictors of ERAS utilization. METHODS: A survey of general surgeons identified using the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons database was conducted. Information on basic demographic characteristics, utilization of ERAS and predictors of ERAS implementation was collected. Nine ERAS behaviours were analyzed. Multivariable analysis was used to determine effects of demographic, hospital and surgeon covariates on ERAS utilization. RESULTS: Seven hundred and ninety-seven general surgeons were invited to participate in the survey, and 235 general surgeons representing 84 Ontario hospitals responded (30% response rate). Surgeons practising in academic settings and in large community hospitals represented 30% and 47% of the respondents, respectively. A total of 20% of the respondents used all 9 ERAS behaviours consistently. Rates of diet advancement on postoperative day 0, intravenous fluid restriction and having catheter and line procedures were significantly higher among respondents who adhered to ERAS protocols than among those who did not (74% v. 54%, p = 0.004; 92% v. 80%, p = 0.01; and 91% v. 41%, p < 0.001, respectively). Respondents from academic settings reported practising nearly 1 more ERAS behaviour than those from small community hospitals (odds ratio [OR] 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42 to 1.31, p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that colorectal fellowship training or exposure to ERAS during training did not significantly affect ERAS behaviour utilization (OR 0.32, 95% CI -0.31 to 0.94, p = 0.16; OR 0.28, 95% CI -0.26 to 0.82, p = 0.16, respectively). CONCLUSION: Substantial practice variation in colorectal surgery still exists. Individual ERAS principles are commonly followed; however, ERAS behaviours are not widely formalized into hospital protocols.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Reto/cirurgia , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/normas , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Comunitários/normas , Hospitais Comunitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Padrão de Cuidado , Cirurgiões/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos
17.
Anesth Analg ; 131(5): 1337-1341, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33079852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, New York State ordered the suspension of all elective surgeries to increase intensive care unit (ICU) bed capacity. Yet the potential impact of suspending elective surgery on ICU bed capacity is unclear. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 5 years of New York State data on ICU usage. Descriptions of ICU utilization and mechanical ventilation were stratified by admission type (elective surgery, emergent/urgent/trauma surgery, and medical admissions) and by geographic location (New York metropolitan region versus the rest of New York State). Data are presented as absolute numbers and percentages and all adult and pediatric ICU patients were included. RESULTS: Overall, ICU admissions in New York State were seen in 10.1% of all hospitalizations (n = 1,232,986/n = 12,251,617) and remained stable over a 5-year period from 2011 to 2015. Among n = 1,232,986 ICU stays, sources of ICU admission included elective surgery (13.4%, n = 165,365), emergent/urgent admissions/trauma surgery (28.0%, n = 345,094), and medical admissions (58.6%, n = 722,527). Ventilator utilization was seen in 26.3% (n = 323,789/n = 1232,986) of all ICU patients of which 6.4% (n = 20,652), 32.8% (n = 106,186), and 60.8% (n = 196,951) was for patients from elective, emergent, and medical admissions, respectively. New York City holds the majority of ICU bed capacity (70.0%; n = 2496/n = 3566) in New York State. CONCLUSIONS: Patients undergoing elective surgery comprised a small fraction of ICU bed and mechanical ventilation use in New York State. Suspension of elective surgeries in response to the COVID-19 pandemic may thus have a minor impact on ICU capacity when compared to other sources of ICU admission such as emergent/urgent admissions/trauma surgery and medical admissions. More study is needed to better understand how best to maximize ICU capacity for pandemics requiring heavy use of critical care resources.


Assuntos
Agendamento de Consultas , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Cuidados Críticos , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/provisão & distribução , Admissão do Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Capacidade de Resposta ante Emergências , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Bases de Dados Factuais , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , New York/epidemiologia , Sistemas de Informação em Salas Cirúrgicas , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Respiração Artificial , Fatores de Tempo , Ventiladores Mecânicos/provisão & distribução
18.
Curr Opin Anaesthesiol ; 33(6): 740-745, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33027074

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Preoperative fasting guidelines are generalized to elective procedures and usually do not distinguish between the ambulatory and inpatient setting. Prevalence of aspiration is low while prolonged preoperative fasting is common clinical reality. Recently, changes in preoperative fasting guidelines have been widely discussed. RECENT FINDINGS: Rates of prolonged clear fluid fasting (>4 h) prior to surgery are reported in up to 80% of patients with mean fasting duration of up to 16 h and beyond. Prolonged fasting may result in adverse effects such as intraoperative hemodynamic instability, postoperative delirium, patient discomfort, and extended hospital length of stay. Liberal approaches allowing clear fluids up to 1 h prior to anesthesia or until premedication/call to the operating room have shown no increase in adverse events among children. Various anesthesia societies now encourage clear fluid intake up to 1 h prior to pediatric elective anesthesia. Similar reports in the adult cohort are scarce. SUMMARY: Allowing sips of water until call to the operating room may help reducing prolonged preoperative fasting and improving patient comfort while keeping a flexibility in operating room schedule. The feasibility and safety of a liberal clear fluid fasting regimen among adults undergoing elective anesthesia needs to be evaluated in future studies.


Assuntos
Anestesia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/normas , Aspiração Respiratória de Conteúdos Gástricos/prevenção & controle , Jejum , Humanos , Pré-Medicação
19.
Eur J Cardiothorac Surg ; 58(5): 991-996, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33084869

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We reviewed the incidence of coronavirus disease 2019 cases and the postoperative outcomes of patients who had thoracic surgery during the beginning and at the highest point of transmission in our community. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who had undergone elective thoracic surgery from 12 February 2020 to 30 April 2020 and were symptomatic or tested positive for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection within 14 days after surgery, with a focus on their complications and potential deaths. RESULTS: Out of 101 surgical procedures, including 57 primary oncological resections, 6 lung transplants and 18 emergency procedures, only 5 cases of coronavirus disease 2019 were identified, 3 in the immediate postoperative period and 2 as outpatients. All 5 patients had cancer; the median age was 64 years. The main virus-related symptom was fever (80%), and the median onset of coronavirus disease 2019 was 3 days. Although 80% of the patients who had positive test results for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 required in-hospital care, none of them were considered severe or critical and none died. CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate that, in properly selected cases, with short preoperative in-hospital stays, strict isolation and infection control protocols, managed by a dedicated multidisciplinary team, a surgical procedure could be performed with a relatively low risk for the patient.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Pneumonia Viral/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
BMC Med ; 18(1): 329, 2020 10 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33066777

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To calculate hospital surge capacity, achieved via hospital provision interventions implemented for the emergency treatment of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and other patients through March to May 2020; to evaluate the conditions for admitting patients for elective surgery under varying admission levels of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: We analysed National Health Service (NHS) datasets and literature reviews to estimate hospital care capacity before the pandemic (pre-pandemic baseline) and to quantify the impact of interventions (cancellation of elective surgery, field hospitals, use of private hospitals, deployment of former medical staff and deployment of newly qualified medical staff) for treatment of adult COVID-19 patients, focusing on general and acute (G&A) and critical care (CC) beds, staff and ventilators. RESULTS: NHS England would not have had sufficient capacity to treat all COVID-19 and other patients in March and April 2020 without the hospital provision interventions, which alleviated significant shortfalls in CC nurses, CC and G&A beds and CC junior doctors. All elective surgery can be conducted at normal pre-pandemic levels provided the other interventions are sustained, but only if the daily number of COVID-19 patients occupying CC beds is not greater than 1550 in the whole of England. If the other interventions are not maintained, then elective surgery can only be conducted if the number of COVID-19 patients occupying CC beds is not greater than 320. However, there is greater national capacity to treat G&A patients: without interventions, it takes almost 10,000 G&A COVID-19 patients before any G&A elective patients would be unable to be accommodated. CONCLUSIONS: Unless COVID-19 hospitalisations drop to low levels, there is a continued need to enhance critical care capacity in England with field hospitals, use of private hospitals or deployment of former and newly qualified medical staff to allow some or all elective surgery to take place.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Capacidade de Resposta ante Emergências , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Inglaterra , Hospitais , Humanos , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medicina Estatal
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