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1.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2): 20-26, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570350

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report our initial experience of robot-assisted McKeown esophagectomy with stapled cervical esophagogastrostomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 5 robot-assisted McKeown esophagectomies in patients with benign end-staged and malignant diseases of the esophagus for the period from October 2019 to February 2020. RESULTS: No conversions and intraoperative complications were observed. Mean surgery time was 406±48 min, total intraoperative blood loss - 108±45 ml. Four patients had minor complications (wound infection, atelectasis, pneumothorax) that required conservative treatment. We have controlled anastomosis in 2-3 postoperative days with water-soluble contrast, none patient had an anastomotic leakage. Mean hospital-stay was 5 days. Complete (R0) resection was accomplished in all patients with malignant neoplasms. CONCLUSIONS: Our first experience showed that robot-assisted McKeown esophagectomy is a safe and feasible surgical option for esophageal diseases. Robot-assisted interventions require advanced endoscopic surgical experience.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Esofagectomia/métodos , Esôfago/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Estômago/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Cirurgia Bariátrica , Doenças do Esôfago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Pescoço , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (2): 94-100, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570362

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Systematic review and metaanalysis of the effectiveness of open and minimally invasive laparoscopic suturing of perforated peptic ulcer. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Searching for Russian and English language reports included Scientific Electronic Library, Cochrane Collaboration Library and PubMed databases. We have analyzed contents of specialized journals, reviews and their references. Unpublished data were obtained via communication with chiefs of national surgical hospitals. RevMan 5.3 software was used for metaanalysis. RESULTS: We found no international randomized trials in available literature. Metaanalysis was based on national non-randomized studies. Total sample was 1177 cases. Laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery was performed in 43% of cases (n=503), open suturing - in 57% (n=674) of patients. Choice of these procedures is not currently not standardized. Minimally invasive procedures are shorter in time (mean difference -8.02, 95% CI -11.26 - -4.77, p<0.00001) and ensure less hospital-stay (mean difference -1.93, 95% CI -2.97 - -0.88, p=0.0003). Complications were less common (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.07-0.27, p<0.00001) after minimally invasive operations (2.4%, 12/503) compared to laparotomy (11.4%, 77/674). Incidence of suture failure was similar (OR 0.4, 95% CI 0.1-1.6, p=0.2) (0.4% (2/503) vs. 0.7% (5/674)). Postoperative mortality was higher (OR 0.14, 95% CI 0.05-0.37, p<0.0001) after laparotomy (8%, 54/674) compared to laparoscopy (0.8%, 4/503). CONCLUSION: A metaanalysis indicates the advantage of laparoscopy-assisted suturing of perforated ulcer via minimally invasive approach over laparotomy. The absence of a standardized approach in choosing of minimally invasive laparotomy and conventional approach is a limitation of these results.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Laparotomia , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada , Humanos , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/métodos , Tempo de Internação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada/diagnóstico , Úlcera Péptica Perfurada/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(1): e22393, 2021 Jan 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33429725

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Calcaneal fractures are rare in pediatric population, with more displaced intra-articular fractures encountered due to the increasing number of high-energy trauma. Operative interventions are gaining popularity because of the unsatisfactory outcomes of traditional conservative methods. This study investigated the clinical outcomes of a minimally invasive technique using the sinus tarsi approach and external fixator in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures in pediatric patients.Patients who underwent open reduction between January 2010 and January 2018 at our institute were included in this study and reviewed retrospectively. Radiological and clinical parameters were all recorded and analyzed.Overall, 29 patients were included in the study, including 23 boys and 6 girls (10.2 ±â€Š2.2 years old). The average follow-up was 29.5 months postoperatively (range, 26-72 months). Bohler angle was 15.2 ±â€Š3.3° preoperatively, and 34.0 ±â€Š3.8° postoperatively (P < .001); Gissane angle was 101.8 ±â€Š6.2 degrees preoperatively, and 129.7 ±â€Š6.2° postoperatively (P < .001). The average length of incision was 3.4 ±â€Š0.7 cm. At the last follow-up, all patients showed satisfactory clinical outcomes and the score was 90.0 ±â€Š2.3 according to American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society Scale.Minimally invasive approach with external fixator is an effective method for treating displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures in pediatric patients, with a lower incidence of wound-related complications and good cosmetic outcomes.


Assuntos
Calcâneo/lesões , Calcâneo/cirurgia , Fixadores Externos/normas , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Fixadores Externos/efeitos adversos , Fixadores Externos/tendências , Feminino , Pé/cirurgia , Traumatismos do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Pé/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Curr Opin Ophthalmol ; 32(2): 160-168, 2021 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33315726

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This article reviews the safety profile of trabecular meshwork/Schlemm's canal-based, subconjunctival, and suprachoroidal minimally invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS). RECENT FINDINGS: Prospective randomized clinical trials and metaanalyses published during the 2019-2020 review period provided important data regarding the safety profile of trabecular meshwork/Schlemm's canal-based MIGS. Transient hyphema and intraocular pressure spikes are among the most common complications associated with this category of MIGS, but more serious adverse events such as cyclodialysis cleft formation may also occur. Trabecular bypass microstents and the intracanalicular scaffold are further subject to device-related complications, including malposition and obstruction. Recent case reports and retrospective case series have further characterized the safety profile of the subconjunctival gel stent, with adverse events ranging from self-limited hypotony to visually devastating endophthalmitis and suprachoroidal hemorrhage. Five-year results of the COMPASS XT study demonstrated significantly greater endothelial cell loss in patients randomized to receive CyPass Micro-Stent (Alcon Laboratories, Fort Worth, TX, USA) in combination with cataract surgery versus those who underwent cataract surgery alone, and ultimately led to a Food and Drug Administration Class I recall of the device. SUMMARY: Trabecular meshwork/Schlemm's canal-based procedures are generally among the safest MIGS, with mostly self-limited and nonvision-threatening complications. Subconjunctival gel stent insertion is associated with both bleb-related and stent-specific adverse events, which are similar to those observed with trabeculectomy and tube shunt surgery, respectively. Removal of the CyPass Micro-Stent from the market underscores the need for high-quality, long-term safety data regarding MIGS.


Assuntos
Implantes para Drenagem de Glaucoma/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Malha Trabecular/cirurgia , Trabeculectomia/efeitos adversos , Glaucoma de Ângulo Aberto/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Pressão Intraocular/fisiologia , Tonometria Ocular
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(51): e23337, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33371065

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Recently, trans-sacral epiduroscopic laser decompression (SELD) using flexible epiduroscopy and laser system is 1 of the options for minimally invasive surgery in herniated lumbar disc. However, outcomes after SELD in patients with disc herniation of lumbar spine are not proven worldwide. The authors reported clinical, surgical, and radiological outcome after SELD in patients with mild to moderate disc herniation.Between 2015 and 2018, eighty-two patients who underwent SELD for single level disc herniation with a minimum follow-up of 6.0 months were investigated retrospectively. Clinical outcomes were assessed using the visual analog scale for low back and leg pain and Odom's criteria for patient satisfaction. Also, surgical outcomes, including complications, recurrences, and revision surgeries, and radiological outcomes using regular simple radiograph were analyzed.The mean visual analog scale score of low back pain and leg pain improved from 5.43 ±â€Š1.73 and 6.10 ±â€Š1.67 to 2.80 ±â€Š1.43 and 3.58 ±â€Š2.08 at the final follow-up (p < 0.001). On the other hand, according to Odom's criteria, the success rate (excellent or good results at 6 months after surgery) was 58.5%. Surgical complications occurred in 7 patients (8.5%), including dura puncture during the procedure, transient headache or nuchal pain, and transient mild paralysis. The rate of additional procedures after SELD was 17.1% (6 patients of revision surgery and 8 patients of an additional nerve block).Our findings demonstrated that SELD for lumbar disc herniation achieved less favorable patient satisfaction compared with previous studies. Further study is needed to clarify the influencing factors on the clinical outcomes of SELD.


Assuntos
Descompressão Cirúrgica/métodos , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Terapia a Laser/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Índice de Massa Corporal , Descompressão Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Terapia a Laser/efeitos adversos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Dor Lombar/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Medição da Dor , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Retorno ao Trabalho/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23230, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatolithiasis commonly occurs in the bile duct proximal to the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts, regardless of the coexistence of gallstones in gallbladder or the common bile duct. Clinical research proves that minimally invasive surgery is effective in the treatment of hepatolithiasis. Although previous meta-analysis also shows that it could reduce intraoperative bleeding and blood transfusion, and shorten hospital stay time, there are few meta-analyses on its long-term efficacy. We conducted the meta-analysis and systematic review to systematically evaluate the long-term efficacy and advantages of minimally invasive hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatolithiasis. METHODS: Articles of randomized controlled trials will be searched in the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, Chinese Biological and Medical database, and Wanfang database until September, 2020. Literature extraction and risk of bias assessment will be completed by 2 reviewers independently. Statistical analysis will be conducted in RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: This study will summarize the present evidence by exploring the long-term efficacy and advantages of minimally invasive hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatolithiasis CONCLUSIONS:: The findings of the study will help to determine potential long-term efficacy and advantages of minimally invasive hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatolithiasis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/H6WRV.


Assuntos
Colelitíase/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD010787, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bilateral neck exploration (BNE) is the traditional approach to sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. With the availability of the preoperative imaging techniques and intraoperative parathyroid hormone assays, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is fast becoming the favoured surgical approach. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) guided by preoperative imaging and intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring versus bilateral neck exploration (BNE) for the surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, WHO ICTRP and ClinicalTrials.gov. The date of the last search of all databases was 21 October 2019. There were no language restrictions applied. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials comparing MIP to BNE for the treatment of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism in persons undergoing surgery for the first time. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts for relevance. Two review authors independently screened for inclusion, extracted data and carried out risk of bias assessment. The content expert senior author resolved conflicts. We assessed studies for overall certainty of the evidence using the GRADE instrument. We conducted meta-analyses using a random-effects model and performed statistical analyses according to the guidelines in the latest version of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. MAIN RESULTS: We identified five eligible studies, all conducted in European university hospitals. They included 266 adults, 136 participants were randomised to MIP and 130 participants to BNE. Data were available for all participants post-surgery up to one year, with the exception of missing data for two participants in the MIP group and for one participant in the BNE group at one year. Nine participants in the MIP group and 11 participants in the BNE group had missing data at five years. No study had a low risk of bias in all risk of bias domains. The risk ratio (RR) for success rate (eucalcaemia) at six months in the MIP group compared to the BNE group was 0.98 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94 to 1.03; P = 0.43; 5 studies, 266 participants; very low-certainty evidence). A total of 132/136 (97.1%) participants in the MIP group compared with 129/130 (99.2%) participants in the BNE group were judged as operative success. At five years, the RR was 0.94 (95% CI 0.83 to 1.08; P = 0.38; 1 study, 77 participants; very low-certainty evidence). A total of 34/38 (89.5%) participants in the MIP group compared with 37/39 (94.9%) participants in the BNE group were judged as operative success. The RR for the total incidence of perioperative adverse events was 0.50, in favour of MIP (95% CI 0.33 to 0.76; P = 0.001; 5 studies, 236 participants; low-certainty evidence). Perioperative adverse events occurred in 23/136 (16.9%) participants in the MIP group compared with 44/130 (33.9%) participants in the BNE group. The 95% prediction interval ranged between 0.25 and 0.99. These adverse events included symptomatic hypocalcaemia, vocal cord palsy, bleeding, fever and infection. Fifteen of 104 (14.4%) participants experienced symptomatic hypocalcaemia in the MIP group compared with 26/98 (26.5%) participants in the BNE group. The RR for this event comparing MIP with BNE at two days was 0.54 (95% CI 0.32 to 0.92; P = 0.02; 4 studies, 202 participants). Statistical significance was lost in sensitivity analyses, with a 95% prediction interval ranging between 0.17 and 1.74. Five out of 133 (3.8%) participants in the MIP group experienced vocal cord paralysis compared with 2/128 (1.6%) participants in the BNE group. The RR for this event was 1.87 (95% CI 0.47 to 7.51; P = 0.38; 5 studies, 261 participants). The 95% prediction interval ranged between 0.20 and 17.87. The effect on all-cause mortality was not explicitly reported and could not be adequately assessed (very low-certainty evidence). There was no clear difference for health-related quality of life between the treatment groups in two studies, but studies did not report numerical data (very low-certainty evidence). There was a possible treatment benefit for MIP compared to BNE in terms of cosmetic satisfaction (very low-certainty evidence). The mean difference (MD) for duration of surgery comparing BNE with MIP was in favour of the MIP group (-18 minutes, 95% CI -31 to -6; P = 0.004; 3 studies, 171 participants; very low-certainty evidence). The 95% prediction interval ranged between -162 minutes and 126 minutes. The studies did not report length of hospital stay. Four studies reported intraoperative conversion rate from MIP to open procedure information. Out of 115 included participants, there were 24 incidences of conversion, amounting to a conversion rate of 20.8%. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The success rates of MIP and BNE at six months were comparable. There were similar results at five years, but these were only based on one study. The incidence of perioperative symptomatic hypocalcaemia was lower in the MIP compared to the BNE group, whereas the incidence of vocal cord paralysis tended to be higher. Our systematic review did not provide clear evidence for the superiority of MIP over BNE. However, it was limited by low-certainty to very low-certainty evidence.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Adulto , Viés , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/sangue , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pescoço/cirurgia , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Paratireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/epidemiologia
9.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5673-5678, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate whether minimally access spine surgery (MASS) is less morbid than open surgery (OS) in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 49 MSCC patients were included in the trial. The outcome measures were bleeding (L), operation time (min), re-operations and prolonged wound healing. RESULTS: The median age was 67 years (range=42-85 years) and 40% were men. The peri-operative blood loss in the MASS-group was significantly lower than that in the OS-group; 0.175L vs. 0.500L, (p=0.002). The median operation time for MASS was 142 min (range=72-203 min) vs. 103 (range=59-435 min) for OS (p=0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups concerning revision surgery or delayed wound healing. CONCLUSION: The MASS technique in MSCC patients is associated with less blood loss, but a longer operation time when compared to the OS technique.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Disrafismo Espinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/sangue , Compressão da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Disrafismo Espinal/sangue , Disrafismo Espinal/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/sangue , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0239324, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991588

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To predict and compare the hypotensive efficacy of three minimally-invasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) implants through a numerical model. METHODS: Post-implant hypotensive efficacy was evaluated by using a numerical model and a computational fluid dynamics simulation. Three different devices were compared: the XEN 45 stent (tube diameter, 45 µm), the XEN 63 stent (63 µm) and the PreserFlo microshunt (70 µm). The influence of the filtration bleb pressure (Bp) and tube diameter, length, and position within the anterior chamber (AC) on intraocular pressure (IOP) were evaluated. RESULTS: Using baseline IOPs of 25, 30 and 50 mmHg, respectively, the corresponding computed post-implant IOPs for each device were as follows: XEN 45: 17 mmHg (29% decrease), 19 mmHg (45%) and 20 mmHg (59%) respectively; XEN 63: 13 mmHg (48%), 13 mmHg (62%), and 13 mmHg (73%); PreserFlo: 12 mmHg (59%), 13 mmHg (73%) and 13 mmHg (73%). At a baseline IOP of 35 mmHg with an increase in the outflow resistance within the Bp from 5 to 17 mmHg, the hypotensive efficacy for each device was reduced as follows: XEN45: 54% to 37%; XEN 63: 74% to 46%; and PreserFlo: 75% to 47%. The length and the position of the tube in the AC had only a minimal (non-significant) effect on IOP (<0.1 mmHg). CONCLUSIONS: This hydrodynamic/numerical model showed that implant diameter and bleb pressure are the two most pertinent determinants of hypotensive efficacy. In distinction, tube length and position in the AC do not significantly influence IOP.


Assuntos
Glaucoma/fisiopatologia , Glaucoma/cirurgia , Pressão Intraocular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Modelos Estatísticos , Segurança , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Período Pós-Operatório , Próteses e Implantes , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 12-17, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of membrane protective effect in intestine and liver cells for the effectiveness of minimally invasive surgery for acute peritonitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with acute peritonitis undergoing laparoscopic (n=60) and open (n=50) surgery are analyzed. Functional characteristics of liver and bowel, disorders of homeostasis were evaluated in early postoperative period. RESULTS: Reduced negative impact of surgical aggression on the state of liver and intestine is essential to improve treatment outcomes in patients with acute peritonitis undergoing minimally invasive surgery. Fast recovery of intestine inevitably results reduced release of endotoxins while restoration of liver function is associated with rapid elimination of these toxins. These processes prevent severe intoxication and facilitate accelerated recovery. Functional restoration of liver and bowel is associated with reduced oxidative stress during laparoscopic operations. It is also important because peritonitis causes activation of free-radical processes per se. Therefore, an additional source of oxidative phenomena is extremely undesirable in these cases. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery for acute peritonitis minimizes surgical aggression and is associated with more favorable recovery of liver and bowel function. Undoubtedly, these findings should be considered to choose surgical approach in this severe category of patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Peritonite/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/patologia , Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Intestinos/patologia , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Peritonite/metabolismo , Peritonite/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Toxinas Biológicas/biossíntese , Toxinas Biológicas/metabolismo
12.
J Card Surg ; 35(8): 1927-1932, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32667074

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND AIM: There is no report on silent brain infarction (SBI) after minimally invasive cardiac surgery (MICS) with retrograde perfusion. Thus, the current study aimed to investigate the incidence of SBI after MICS using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: This study included 174 patients who underwent MICS with retrograde perfusion between July 2014 and July 2018. Preoperative computed tomography (CT) angiography was routinely performed and vascular pathology was evaluated for patient selection. Postoperative MRI was performed to investigate the occurrence of SBI. RESULTS: Out of the total 174 patients, 26 (14.9%) presented with SBI. A total of 61 SBI lesions were found in the 26 patients; of these, 34 (56%) SBI lesions were in the right hemisphere and 27 (44%) in the left hemisphere. SBIs were primarily observed in the posterior cerebral artery territory. Multivariate analysis revealed aortic stenosis to be the only risk factor of SBI. CONCLUSIONS: Retrograde perfusion via femoral cannulation may not increase the incidence of SBI in selected MICS patients based on preoperative CT findings.


Assuntos
Infarto Encefálico/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Perfusão/efeitos adversos , Perfusão/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Idoso , Estenose da Valva Aórtica , Infarto Encefálico/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Encefálico/epidemiologia , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco
14.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(7): 512-515, 2020 Jul 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32610420

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the characteristics and difficulties of minimal invasive surgery for adolescent with pancreatic head tumor. Methods: The data of adolescent younger than 28 years old with pancreatic head tumor treated at Department of Gastroenterology and Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Province People's Hospital from January 2014 to December 2019 were analyzed retrospectively. Fifteen cases were enrolled, included 5 males and 10 females. The median age was 20 years(range: 11 to 27 years) and the body mass index was (19.8±2.3)kg/m(2)(range: 17.3 to 21.6 kg/m(2)). Results: Standard pancreaticoduodenectomy was performed in 12 cases, including 9 cases of laparoscopic surgery and 3 cases of robotic-assisted surgery, and laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy with resection of hepatic flexure of colon was performed on 1 case, and robotic-assisted duodenum-preserving pancreatic head resection with pancreatogastrostomy was performed on other 2 cases. The operative time was (269.0±65.1)minutes(range: 150 to 410 minutes), and the blood loss was (135.6±52.7)ml(range: 50 to 400 ml). Six patients got postoperative complications with gastrointestinal bleeding biochemical leakage and intestinal obstruction(n=1), pancreatic biochemical leakage(n=1), bile leakage(n=1), chylous leakage(n=1), wound infection(n=1), hepatic injury(n=1). The median postoperative hospital stay was 13 days(range: 9 to 22 days).The pathologic findings were solid pseudopapillary neoplasms(n=8), neuroendocrine neoplasms(n=3), introductal papillary mucinous neoplasm(n=1), cystic fibroma(n=1), serous cystadenoma(n=1), Ewing sarcoma(n=1).The median follow-up was 37 months(range: 2 to 75 months).The patient with Ewing sarcoma was diagnosed as liver metastasis at 41 months after surgery and died at 63 months after surgery.All the other patients survived without tumor.Three patients got the long-term complication of bile duct. Conclusions: Most of pancreatic head tumors for adolescent are benign or low malignant. Minimally invasive surgery be the first choice, and function-preserving surgery should be taken into account as much as possible.Perioperative management and communication is essential as the parents pay much attention to the quality of life after surgery.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Masculino , Pancreatectomia/efeitos adversos , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Adulto Jovem
16.
J Cardiothorac Surg ; 15(1): 139, 2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32532286

RESUMO

Cardiac arrest during the Nuss procedure is the most serious complication and is related to cardiac injury by the surgical instruments and pectus bars. To avoid the cardiac injury, there are several techniques with various devices, including crane and wire suture, lifting hook, the Kent or Langenbeck retractor, and the Vacuum Bell device. However, a case of cardiac arrest without direct cardiac injury during the Nuss procedure has been reported in the pectus excavatum patient with coronary-to-pulmonary arterial shunts. Recently, we encountered a case of cardiac arrest without cardiac abnormalities in preoperative studies and cardiac injury during the Nuss procedure.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , Morte Súbita Cardíaca/etiologia , Tórax em Funil/cirurgia , Adolescente , Cuidados Críticos , Ecocardiografia , Cardiopatias Congênitas/diagnóstico por imagem , Cardiopatias Congênitas/cirurgia , Traumatismos Cardíacos , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Fibrilação Ventricular/terapia
17.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(3): 303-315, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498949

RESUMO

A surgical approach to total knee arthroplasty has been at the forefront of many conversations. Surgeons used the medial parapatellar approach for its familiarity of anatomy, reliability, and ability to convert to a more extensile approach. This article reviews the current literature and information regarding the effect of surgical approach on patients' outcomes. The results of the limited medial parapatellar, subvastus, midvastus, and quadriceps-sparing approaches were analyzed. All techniques can provide adequate exposure with successful outcomes. It is recommended that a surgeon perform the approach with which they are most comfortable, because that will likely yield the best patient outcome.


Assuntos
Artroplastia do Joelho/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Osteoartrite do Joelho/cirurgia , Artroplastia do Joelho/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(3): 403-422, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498959

RESUMO

This article presents the indications, contraindications, preoperative surgical planning, surgical technique, and postoperative management of some of the most common percutaneous procedures in orthopedic foot and ankle surgery. The background of each procedure also is presented, supported by the latest in published literature to educate surgeons. Such topics include percutaneous bunionectomy, lesser toe deformity and bunionette correction, calcaneal osteotomy, cheilectomy, and first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis.


Assuntos
Ossos do Pé/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Tornozelo/cirurgia , Artrodese/efeitos adversos , Artrodese/métodos , Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Pé/cirurgia , Ossos do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/diagnóstico por imagem , Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/efeitos adversos , Osteotomia/métodos , Falanges dos Dedos do Pé/diagnóstico por imagem , Falanges dos Dedos do Pé/cirurgia
19.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(3): 423-425, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32498960

RESUMO

When the guidelines of the North American Spine Society concerning deep venous thrombosis (DVT) prophylaxis were followed, only 2 (0.63%) of 315 patients with minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusions developed DVT complications over a 9-year period. Based on these findings, mechanical DVT prophylaxis appears to be adequate in patients undergoing elective spinal surgery, with no current support for pharmacologic prophylaxis.


Assuntos
Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Embolia Pulmonar/terapia , Fusão Vertebral/efeitos adversos , Estenose Espinal/cirurgia , Espondilolistese/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/terapia , Idoso , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Embolia Pulmonar/etiologia , Embolia Pulmonar/prevenção & controle , Fatores de Risco , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/prevenção & controle
20.
Pain Res Manag ; 2020: 3105874, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32377285

RESUMO

Objective: To compare the effects of continuous paravertebral block analgesia and patient-controlled intravenous analgesia after minimally invasive radical esophagectomy for esophageal cancer and their effects on postoperative recovery. Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed among 233 patients who underwent minimally invasive esophageal cancer radical operation and met the requirements, including 87 patients (group C) who were successfully placed with a continuous paravertebral block device under direct vision and 146 patients (group P) who used a patient-controlled intravenous analgesia device. Visual analogue pain score (VAS) at rest and in motion for 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours after awakening, incidence of adverse reactions of the two analgesic methods, occurrence of pulmonary complications after operation, use of emergency analgesics, and hospital stay after operation was recorded. Results: The VAS scores of group C in resting and active state at 1, 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, and 48 hours after operation were significantly lower than those of group P (P < 0.001). The incidence of adverse reactions, pulmonary complications, and the use of emergency analgesics in group C were lower than those in group P (P < 0.05). The hospitalization time of group C was significantly shortened, and the satisfaction degree of group C was significantly higher than that of group P (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Paravertebral block is safe and effective for patients undergoing minimally invasive radical esophagectomy. The incidence of adverse reactions and complications is lower, and the satisfaction of postoperative analgesia is higher, which is beneficial to the rapid recovery of patients after operation.


Assuntos
Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor Pós-Operatória/prevenção & controle , Idoso , Analgesia Controlada pelo Paciente/métodos , Analgésicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
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