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1.
Surg Endosc ; 35(1): 1-17, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33170335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 pandemic presented an unexpected challenge for the surgical community in general and Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) specialists in particular. This document aims to summarize recent evidence and experts' opinion and formulate recommendations to guide the surgical community on how to best organize the recovery plan for surgical activity across different sub-specialities after the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: Recommendations were developed through a Delphi process for establishment of expert consensus. Domain topics were formulated and subsequently subdivided into questions pertinent to different surgical specialities following the COVID-19 crisis. Sixty-five experts from 24 countries, representing the entire EAES board, were invited. Fifty clinicians and six engineers accepted the invitation and drafted statements based on specific key questions. Anonymous voting on the statements was performed until consensus was achieved, defined by at least 70% agreement. RESULTS: A total of 92 consensus statements were formulated with regard to safe resumption of surgery across eight domains, addressing general surgery, upper GI, lower GI, bariatrics, endocrine, HPB, abdominal wall and technology/research. The statements addressed elective and emergency services across all subspecialties with specific attention to the role of MIS during the recovery plan. Eighty-four of the statements were approved during the first round of Delphi voting (91.3%) and another 8 during the following round after substantial modification, resulting in a 100% consensus. CONCLUSION: The recommendations formulated by the EAES board establish a framework for resumption of surgery following COVID-19 pandemic with particular focus on the role of MIS across surgical specialities. The statements have the potential for wide application in the clinical setting, education activities and research work across different healthcare systems.


Assuntos
Controle de Infecções/normas , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/normas , /epidemiologia , Técnica Delfos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/normas , Emergências , Saúde Global , Alocação de Recursos para a Atenção à Saúde/normas , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/normas , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pandemias
3.
A A Pract ; 14(14): e01371, 2020 Dec 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33350677

RESUMO

Respiratory failure in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients with prolonged endotracheal intubation may require a tracheostomy and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement to facilitate recovery. Both techniques are considered high-risk aerosol-generating procedures and present a heightened risk of exposure to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) for operating room personnel. We designed, simulated, and implemented a portable, continuous negative pressure, operative field barrier system using standard equipment available in hospitals to enhance health care provider safety during high-risk aerosol-generating procedures.


Assuntos
/complicações , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Gastrostomia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Traqueostomia/métodos , Aerossóis , Pressão do Ar , Nutrição Enteral , Filtração , Humanos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Salas Cirúrgicas , Isolamento de Pacientes
4.
Anaesthesiol Intensive Ther ; 52(5): 366-372, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327694

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 infection has resulted in thousands of critically ill patients admitted to ICUs and treated with mechanical ventilation. Percutaneous tracheostomy is a well-known technique utilised as a strategy to wean critically ill patients from mechanical ventilation. Worldwide differences exist in terms of methods, operators, and settings, and questions remain regarding timing and indications. If tracheostomy is to be performed in COVID-19 patients, a safe environment is needed for optimal care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We present a guidewire dilating forceps tracheostomy procedure in COVID-19 patients that was optimised including apnoea-moments, protective clothing, checklists, and clear protocols. We performed a retrospective analysis of the outcome after tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients between March 2020 and May 2020. RESULTS: The follow-up of the first 16 patients, median age 62 years, revealed a median intubation time until tracheostomy of 18 days and median cannulation time of 20 days. The overall perioperative complication rate and complication rate while cannulated was 19%, mainly superficial bleeding. None of the healthcare providers involved in performing the procedure developed any symptoms of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: This COVID-19-centred strategy based on flexibility, preparation, and cooperation between healthcare providers with different backgrounds facilitated percutaneous tracheostomy in COVID-19 patients without an increase in the overall complication rate or evidence of risk to healthcare providers. Our findings provide initial evidence that tracheostomy can be performed safely as a standard of care for COVID-19 patients requiring prolonged mechanical ventilation as was standard practice in ICU patients prior to the COVID-19 pandemic to promote ventilator weaning and patient recovery.


Assuntos
/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Traqueostomia/métodos , Idoso , Anestesia , Broncoscopia , Lista de Checagem , Cuidados Críticos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/terapia , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Traqueostomia/instrumentação , Desmame do Respirador
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(50): e23230, 2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33327242

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatolithiasis commonly occurs in the bile duct proximal to the confluence of the right and left hepatic ducts, regardless of the coexistence of gallstones in gallbladder or the common bile duct. Clinical research proves that minimally invasive surgery is effective in the treatment of hepatolithiasis. Although previous meta-analysis also shows that it could reduce intraoperative bleeding and blood transfusion, and shorten hospital stay time, there are few meta-analyses on its long-term efficacy. We conducted the meta-analysis and systematic review to systematically evaluate the long-term efficacy and advantages of minimally invasive hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatolithiasis. METHODS: Articles of randomized controlled trials will be searched in the PubMed, Medline, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, Chinese Biological and Medical database, and Wanfang database until September, 2020. Literature extraction and risk of bias assessment will be completed by 2 reviewers independently. Statistical analysis will be conducted in RevMan 5.3. RESULTS: This study will summarize the present evidence by exploring the long-term efficacy and advantages of minimally invasive hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatolithiasis CONCLUSIONS:: The findings of the study will help to determine potential long-term efficacy and advantages of minimally invasive hepatectomy in the treatment of hepatolithiasis. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: The private information from individuals will not be published. This systematic review also will not involve endangering participant rights. Ethical approval is not required. The results may be published in a peer-reviewed journal or disseminated in relevant conferences. OSF REGISTRATION NUMBER: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/H6WRV.


Assuntos
Colelitíase/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Hepatectomia/efeitos adversos , Hepatectomia/métodos , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (11): 48-52, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze assistants` influence on duration of surgery and learning period in minimally invasive video-assisted hemithyroidectomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The same surgeon performed 67 minimally invasive video-assisted hemithyroidectomies. Duration of surgery was analyzed in assistants with various number of interventions. Learning curves were designed using logarithmic function. RESULTS: Eight specialists with the same professional skill assisted to surgeon. Each of these specialists performed certain number of operations. Learning period made up 19, 26 and 44 procedures for mean numbers of assistances 21, 8 and 3, respectively. Duration of surgery in the group with 21 assistances was 63.96±2.94 min, for 3 assistances - 80.53±7.07 min in each of 6 assistants (z= -2.38; p<0.017). CONCLUSION: Constant surgeon`s assistants is a factor reducing surgery time. Higher number of operations with the same assistant has a reliable inverse correlation with surgery time and duration of learning period.


Assuntos
Curva de Aprendizado , Duração da Cirurgia , Tireoidectomia/métodos , Competência Clínica , Comportamento Cooperativo , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Cirurgiões/normas , Tireoidectomia/normas , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/métodos
7.
Arq Neuropsiquiatr ; 78(10): 651-659, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33146291

RESUMO

Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH), defined as bleeding into the brain parenchyma, is a significant public health issue. Although it accounts for only 10 to 15% of strokes, it is associated with the highest morbidity and mortality rates. Despite advances in the field of stroke and neurocritical care, the principles of acute management have fundamentally remained the same over many years. The main treatment strategies include aggressive blood pressure control, early hemostasis, reversal of coagulopathies, clot evacuation through open surgical or minimally invasive surgical techniques, and the management of raised intracranial pressure.


Assuntos
Hemorragia Cerebral , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Encéfalo , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos
8.
Updates Surg ; 72(4): 977-983, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33001373

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the risk factors for developing primary postoperative pulmonary complications (PPC) in patients undergoing minimally invasive colorectal surgery (MIS) for the treatment of cancer and to identify the potential indicators for more extensive preoperative evaluation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The ACS-NSQIP® database was interrogated to capture patients who had elective colon or rectal cancer and underwent MIS between 2012 and 2017. Patients who had primary PPC including pneumonia, unplanned intubation and/or failure to wean from mechanical ventilation for > 48 h were compared to patients without PPC. Significant risk factors for PPC were retained to build a predictive risk model through logistic regression analysis. The model was then internally validated using 2018 data. RESULTS: Of 50,150 patients identified, 637 (1.3%) had PPC. The final risk prediction model included six variables: history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, age, smoking status, functional health status, pre-operative congestive heart failure, and American Society of Anesthesiology class ≥ 3. The model achieved good calibration (Hosmer-Lemeshow goodness-of-fit test, p = 0.614) and discrimination (c statistics = 0.757). Internal validation achieved similar discrimination (c statistics = 0.798). CONCLUSION: Primary postoperative pulmonary complications affected 1.3% of patients undergoing MIS for colon or rectal cancer. The novel predictive risk score showed good discrimination and may help to identify patients who may benefit from perioperative optimization.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pneumonia/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Previsões , Insuficiência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica , Risco , Fumar
9.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0241444, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112934

RESUMO

There is a growing interest for minimally invasive surgical procedures to improve experimental animal welfare. Minimally invasive catheterization procedures in pigs have been already developed using Seldinger technique but reproducibility is low, especially in young pigs. A novel method for a minimally invasive catheterization of external jugular vein was evaluated in suckling piglets of 21 days of age. Growth performance and haptoglobin concentration in plasma were measured throughout a four-week study in a group of seven catheterized piglets and a group of seven non-catheterized piglets. Catheterization was performed using Seldinger technique under continuous ultrasound monitoring for vein detection and needle insertion. The surgical procedure was quick and showed a great reproducibility. All catheters remained functional during the first week after catheterization. Catheterization in piglets did not significantly affect body weight (BW) and feed intake during four weeks after the surgical intervention compared to non-catheterized piglets (P > 0.10). Haptoglobin concentration in plasma was greater in catheterized piglets compared with non-catheterized piglets, with a significant increase over two weeks after catheter insertion (P < 0.05), suggesting the development of a chronic inflammation in catheterized piglets. This method can be easily performed in piglets with minimal effect on growth and feeding behaviour. Transposition to heavier pigs should be considered.


Assuntos
Cateterismo Venoso Central/métodos , Veias Jugulares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Cirurgia Assistida por Computador/métodos , Animais , Comportamento Alimentar , Haptoglobinas/metabolismo , Suínos/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Ultrassonografia
10.
Pneumologie ; 74(10): 684-694, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33059374

RESUMO

The contingent of VATS (video assistend thoracic surgery) lobectomies will continue to increase in the time to come. Thoracic surgery departments that do not integrate this procedure into their routine spectrum will have to justify themselves to referrers and clinic administrations and will have problems with the recruitment of training assistants as well. The advantages of minimally invasive lobectomy are impressive and the long-term oncological results are equivalent to open lobectomy. VATS lobectomies in non-intubated patients will increase significantly in the next few years and further reduce the invasiveness of the operation. The number of clinics that offer RATS (roboter assistend thoracic surgery) lobectomies will also increase as more companies bring robot systems onto the market, making them significantly cheaper. Better screening programs for risk patients for lung cancer, rapid advances in thoracic oncology and further minimization of surgical trauma in lung resections will significantly improve the overall therapy and prognosis for lung cancer patients in the years to come.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Pulmonares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pneumonectomia/métodos , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/métodos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Pneumonectomia/efeitos adversos , Prognóstico , Cirurgia Torácica , Cirurgia Torácica Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 58(11): 858-863, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33120449

RESUMO

Objective: To examine the effect of the "four-steps" treatment on infectious pancreatic necrosis(IPN). Methods: The data of 207 patients who were diagnosed with IPN from January 2013 to December 2017 at Department of Pancreaticobiliary Surgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University were analyzed retrospectively. Among 207 patients, 132(63.8%) were males and 75(36.2%) were females. The median age was 45 years old (range: 19 to 80 years old). One hundred and fifty-eight patients(76.3%) suffered severe acute pancreatitis and 49 patients(23.7%) suffered moderately severe acute pancreatitis. Percutaneous catheter drainage(PCD) was performed on all the patients(Step 1). Patients received "four-steps" minimally invasive treatment strategy in step-up group(173 patients). The following steps after PCD were mini-incision access pancreatic necrosectomy(MIAPN) (Step 2), sinus tract endoscopic debridement and(or) PCD for residual infections(Step 3) and finally conventional open pancreatic necrosectomy(OPN) (Step 4). Patients(34 cases) received conventional open pancreatic necrosectomy after invalided PCD in OPN group. The perioperative parameters and prognosis were compared between Step-up group and OPN group. Normally distributed quantitative variables were analyzed by t-test, non-normally distributed quantitative variables were analyzed by Wilcoxon chi-square test and categorical variables were analyzed by χ(2) test or Fisher exact test, respectively. Results: The basic characteristics of the two groups of patients were similar, but the referral rate of patients and the rate of preoperative 3 days organ failure in the OPN group were significantly higher than those of step-up group patients(47.1% vs. 28.9%, χ(2)=4.313, P=0.038; 26.5% vs. 9.2%, χ(2)=2.819, P=0.011). The frequency of PCD and the number of PCD tube (root) were less than those in the step-up group(1(1) vs. 2(1), Z=-3.373, P=0.018; 2(1) vs. 3(2), Z=-2.208, P=0.027). Compared with the OPN group, the interval time from onset to surgery and the MIAPN operation time were significantly shorter in the step-up group(29(15) days vs. 36(17)days, Z=-0.567, P=0.008; 58(27)minutes vs. 90(56)minutes, Z=-3.908, P<0.01); postoperative mortality was lower(5.8% vs.17.6%, χ(2)=4.070, P=0.044); the overall incidence of postoperative complications was reduced(23.1% vs. 55.9%, χ(2)=14.960, P<0.01) and the incidence of new-onset organ failure was decreased after operation in the step-up group(37.5% vs.47.4%, χ(2)=7.133, P=0.007). The incidence of local abdominal complications (pancreatic fistula, intra-abdominal hemorrhage, gastrointestinal fistula) showed no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). Fewer patients required ICU treatment after operation in the step-up group compared with OPN group(22.0% vs. 44.1%, χ(2)=6.204, P=0.013). Patients in the Step-up group has shorter hospital stay than patients in OPN group (46(13) days vs. 52(13)days, Z=-1.993, P=0.046). Conclusions: The clinical effects of "four-steps" exhibited the superiority of minimally invasive treatment of IPN.And MIAPN is a simple, safe and effective procedure to remove pancreatic necrotic tissue and decrease complications.


Assuntos
Infecções Intra-Abdominais , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda , Doença Aguda , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Desbridamento , Drenagem , Feminino , Humanos , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/etiologia , Infecções Intra-Abdominais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pancreatectomia , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/complicações , Pancreatite Necrosante Aguda/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
12.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 10: CD010787, 2020 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Bilateral neck exploration (BNE) is the traditional approach to sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism. With the availability of the preoperative imaging techniques and intraoperative parathyroid hormone assays, minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) is fast becoming the favoured surgical approach. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP) guided by preoperative imaging and intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring versus bilateral neck exploration (BNE) for the surgical management of primary hyperparathyroidism. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, WHO ICTRP and ClinicalTrials.gov. The date of the last search of all databases was 21 October 2019. There were no language restrictions applied. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included randomised controlled trials comparing MIP to BNE for the treatment of sporadic primary hyperparathyroidism in persons undergoing surgery for the first time. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened titles and abstracts for relevance. Two review authors independently screened for inclusion, extracted data and carried out risk of bias assessment. The content expert senior author resolved conflicts. We assessed studies for overall certainty of the evidence using the GRADE instrument. We conducted meta-analyses using a random-effects model and performed statistical analyses according to the guidelines in the latest version of the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. MAIN RESULTS: We identified five eligible studies, all conducted in European university hospitals. They included 266 adults, 136 participants were randomised to MIP and 130 participants to BNE. Data were available for all participants post-surgery up to one year, with the exception of missing data for two participants in the MIP group and for one participant in the BNE group at one year. Nine participants in the MIP group and 11 participants in the BNE group had missing data at five years. No study had a low risk of bias in all risk of bias domains. The risk ratio (RR) for success rate (eucalcaemia) at six months in the MIP group compared to the BNE group was 0.98 (95% confidence interval (CI) 0.94 to 1.03; P = 0.43; 5 studies, 266 participants; very low-certainty evidence). A total of 132/136 (97.1%) participants in the MIP group compared with 129/130 (99.2%) participants in the BNE group were judged as operative success. At five years, the RR was 0.94 (95% CI 0.83 to 1.08; P = 0.38; 1 study, 77 participants; very low-certainty evidence). A total of 34/38 (89.5%) participants in the MIP group compared with 37/39 (94.9%) participants in the BNE group were judged as operative success. The RR for the total incidence of perioperative adverse events was 0.50, in favour of MIP (95% CI 0.33 to 0.76; P = 0.001; 5 studies, 236 participants; low-certainty evidence). Perioperative adverse events occurred in 23/136 (16.9%) participants in the MIP group compared with 44/130 (33.9%) participants in the BNE group. The 95% prediction interval ranged between 0.25 and 0.99. These adverse events included symptomatic hypocalcaemia, vocal cord palsy, bleeding, fever and infection. Fifteen of 104 (14.4%) participants experienced symptomatic hypocalcaemia in the MIP group compared with 26/98 (26.5%) participants in the BNE group. The RR for this event comparing MIP with BNE at two days was 0.54 (95% CI 0.32 to 0.92; P = 0.02; 4 studies, 202 participants). Statistical significance was lost in sensitivity analyses, with a 95% prediction interval ranging between 0.17 and 1.74. Five out of 133 (3.8%) participants in the MIP group experienced vocal cord paralysis compared with 2/128 (1.6%) participants in the BNE group. The RR for this event was 1.87 (95% CI 0.47 to 7.51; P = 0.38; 5 studies, 261 participants). The 95% prediction interval ranged between 0.20 and 17.87. The effect on all-cause mortality was not explicitly reported and could not be adequately assessed (very low-certainty evidence). There was no clear difference for health-related quality of life between the treatment groups in two studies, but studies did not report numerical data (very low-certainty evidence). There was a possible treatment benefit for MIP compared to BNE in terms of cosmetic satisfaction (very low-certainty evidence). The mean difference (MD) for duration of surgery comparing BNE with MIP was in favour of the MIP group (-18 minutes, 95% CI -31 to -6; P = 0.004; 3 studies, 171 participants; very low-certainty evidence). The 95% prediction interval ranged between -162 minutes and 126 minutes. The studies did not report length of hospital stay. Four studies reported intraoperative conversion rate from MIP to open procedure information. Out of 115 included participants, there were 24 incidences of conversion, amounting to a conversion rate of 20.8%. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The success rates of MIP and BNE at six months were comparable. There were similar results at five years, but these were only based on one study. The incidence of perioperative symptomatic hypocalcaemia was lower in the MIP compared to the BNE group, whereas the incidence of vocal cord paralysis tended to be higher. Our systematic review did not provide clear evidence for the superiority of MIP over BNE. However, it was limited by low-certainty to very low-certainty evidence.


Assuntos
Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/diagnóstico por imagem , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/cirurgia , Monitorização Intraoperatória/métodos , Hormônio Paratireóideo/sangue , Paratireoidectomia/métodos , Adulto , Viés , Humanos , Hiperparatireoidismo Primário/sangue , Hipocalcemia/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pescoço/cirurgia , Esvaziamento Cervical/métodos , Duração da Cirurgia , Paratireoidectomia/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Paralisia das Pregas Vocais/epidemiologia
13.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 244, 2020 Oct 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33076895

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pediatric inguinal hernia (PIH) is a common disease in children. Laparoscopic hernia repair (LHR) has developed rapidly in recent years, but there are still different opinions compared with traditional open hernia repair (OHR). The purpose of this study was to compare the advantages and disadvantages of LHR and OHR in the treatment of pediatric inguinal hernia. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all children (< 14 years) who underwent repair of inguinal hernia in the pediatric surgery center of the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January 2015 to December 2015. We collected the medical records of all the children and analyzed the clinical characteristics, operation-related information and follow-up. RESULTS: In the OHR group, 202 cases underwent unilateral inguinal hernia repair, and 43 cases underwent bilateral inguinal hernia repair. In the LHR group, 168 cases underwent unilateral inguinal hernia repair, and 136 cases underwent bilateral inguinal hernia repair. There was a significant difference in the operation time between the two groups, but there were no significant differences in postoperative hospitalization time and incidence of ipsilateral recurrent hernia between the two groups. The incidence rates of metachronous contralateral hernia (MCH) and surgical site infection in LHR group were significantly lower than those in the OHR group. CONCLUSION: Our study shows that compared with OHR, LHR has the advantages of concealed incision, minimal invasiveness, reduced operation time, detection of contralateral patent processus vaginalis, and reduced incidence of MCH. In conclusion, LHR is safe and effective in the treatment of pediatric indirect inguinal hernia.


Assuntos
Hérnia Inguinal/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Herniorrafia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(44): e22990, 2020 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33126375

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pyogenic osteomyelitis of the spine usually occurs in patients over 55 years old with acute osteomyelitis. Surgical treatment and fixation can relieve pain, enhance spinal balance and nerve function, so that patients can walk as soon as possible. Different outcomes of surgical methods include anterior minimally invasive oblique retroperitoneal approach (ORA) and posterior transpedicular approach (PTA). While, there is no consensus on the best treatment for PVO. The goal of the protocol is to compare the clinical consequences between PTA and ORA for treating PVO. METHOD: The experiment is a single-center randomized clinical research. This experiment was admitted by the Ethics Committee of the People's Hospital of Dayi County (Approval number: 1002-084). In all, 50 patients with lumbar vertebral osteomyelitis (LVO) who prepares surgical treatment will be included in the study. We contain adult patients (aged over 18 years) who accept debridement and spinal stabilization with LVO. Cases are removed if there is previous hardware placement, cases who are not confirmed by microbiology, or severe renal and liver dysfunction. The primary outcomes are intraoperative blood loss, operative time, hospital stay, primary failure and recurrence, and bone fusion. The secondary outcomes are postoperative pain score and physical recovery. SPSS Sample Power version 3.0 (IBM, Armonk, NY, USA) is used for data analysis. RESULTS: Table 1 will show the outcomes in both groups. CONCLUSION: This protocol may offer a reliable basis for the effectiveness of the two approaches in the treatment of PVO. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: researchregistry6046.


Assuntos
Desbridamento/métodos , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Doenças da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Fusão Vertebral/métodos , Adulto , Humanos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
15.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5673-5678, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988892

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate whether minimally access spine surgery (MASS) is less morbid than open surgery (OS) in patients with metastatic spinal cord compression (MSCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 49 MSCC patients were included in the trial. The outcome measures were bleeding (L), operation time (min), re-operations and prolonged wound healing. RESULTS: The median age was 67 years (range=42-85 years) and 40% were men. The peri-operative blood loss in the MASS-group was significantly lower than that in the OS-group; 0.175L vs. 0.500L, (p=0.002). The median operation time for MASS was 142 min (range=72-203 min) vs. 103 (range=59-435 min) for OS (p=0.001). There was no significant difference between the two groups concerning revision surgery or delayed wound healing. CONCLUSION: The MASS technique in MSCC patients is associated with less blood loss, but a longer operation time when compared to the OS technique.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Disrafismo Espinal/cirurgia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Compressão da Medula Espinal/sangue , Compressão da Medula Espinal/fisiopatologia , Disrafismo Espinal/sangue , Disrafismo Espinal/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/sangue , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias da Coluna Vertebral/secundário , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Am J Otolaryngol ; 41(6): 102664, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911391

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Abscess is still a formidable disease and requires adequate drainage. Moreover, drainage in the head and neck area needs cosmetic care, especially in the pediatric population. In this report, we introduce our method of percutaneous abscess drainage using an indwelling needle cannula. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ten pediatric and five adult patients with cervical and/or facial abscess treated with this drainage method were retrospectively reviewed. Using an indwelling needle cannula (18-14 G Surflow®, Terumo, Tokyo, Japan), abscesses were penetrated under ultrasonic examination. Once purulent retention was identified, the inner metal needle was removed and the outer elastic needle was left and fixed. The outer needle was connected to the tube for continuous suction drainage for large abscess. RESULTS: The primary diseases of these abscesses were cervical abscess of dental origin (5), purulent lymphadenitis (3), pyriform sinus fistula (2) and subperiosteal abscess due to mastoiditis (2), circumorbital cellulitis (1), infection of Warthin's tumor (1), and unknown origin (1). The median (range) duration of drainage was 4 days (3-9 days). Abscesses were successfully treated, and no patients required additional incision for abscess drainage. No apparent scars after drainage were observed. CONCLUSION: This technique resembles the usual venous placement of an indwelling needle cannula and is thought to be familiar to physicians. Although simple and inexpensive, this drainage is safe, effective, and minimally invasive for the treatment of abscess.


Assuntos
Abscesso/cirurgia , Cateterismo/instrumentação , Cateteres de Demora , Drenagem/instrumentação , Face , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Pescoço , Idoso , Cateterismo/economia , Cateterismo/métodos , Cateteres de Demora/economia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Drenagem/economia , Drenagem/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/economia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (7): 12-17, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736458

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the value of membrane protective effect in intestine and liver cells for the effectiveness of minimally invasive surgery for acute peritonitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients with acute peritonitis undergoing laparoscopic (n=60) and open (n=50) surgery are analyzed. Functional characteristics of liver and bowel, disorders of homeostasis were evaluated in early postoperative period. RESULTS: Reduced negative impact of surgical aggression on the state of liver and intestine is essential to improve treatment outcomes in patients with acute peritonitis undergoing minimally invasive surgery. Fast recovery of intestine inevitably results reduced release of endotoxins while restoration of liver function is associated with rapid elimination of these toxins. These processes prevent severe intoxication and facilitate accelerated recovery. Functional restoration of liver and bowel is associated with reduced oxidative stress during laparoscopic operations. It is also important because peritonitis causes activation of free-radical processes per se. Therefore, an additional source of oxidative phenomena is extremely undesirable in these cases. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic surgery for acute peritonitis minimizes surgical aggression and is associated with more favorable recovery of liver and bowel function. Undoubtedly, these findings should be considered to choose surgical approach in this severe category of patients.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Peritonite/cirurgia , Doença Aguda , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/patologia , Membrana Celular/fisiologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Intestinos/patologia , Intestinos/fisiopatologia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Laparotomia/efeitos adversos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Fígado/fisiopatologia , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Peritonite/metabolismo , Peritonite/fisiopatologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Recuperação de Função Fisiológica , Toxinas Biológicas/biossíntese , Toxinas Biológicas/metabolismo
18.
Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd ; 1642020 05 20.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32749790

RESUMO

Pectus excavatum is the most common deformity of the anterior chest wall. Nevertheless, awareness amongst physicians is lacking and consequences of the diagnosis are often underestimated. Symptoms include cardiopulmonary symptoms such as palpitations, fatigue and exercise intolerance. Moreover, patients often have psychosocial problems and suffer from poor body image and lower quality of life. A multidisciplinary approach is recommended for diagnostic work-up and treatment, involving dedicated paediatricians, cardiologists and surgeons. Treatment can be non-surgical or surgical. Conservative options include physiotherapy and vacuum bell therapy. In symptomatic patients, surgical treatment is warranted from the age of 12-14 years. Minimally invasive repair with the Nuss bar technique is considered the gold standard for adolescents. Patients who are unsuitable for minimally invasive repair can be treated with open surgical correction, for example, via a modified Ravitch procedure. Early referral to a specialised centre is recommended.


Assuntos
Tórax em Funil/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Esternotomia/métodos , Adolescente , Imagem Corporal/psicologia , Criança , Feminino , Tórax em Funil/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino
19.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(7): 1383-1392, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32772366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive (MIS) left pancreatectomy (LP) is increasingly used to treat pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PDAC). Despite improved short-term outcomes, no studies have demonstrated long-term benefits over open resection. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was queried between 2010 and 2016 for patients with PDAC, grouped by surgical approach (MIS vs open). Demographics, comorbidities, clinical staging, and pathologic staging were used for propensity-score matching. Perioperative, short-term oncologic, and survival outcomes were compared. RESULTS: After matching, both cohorts included 805 patients. There were no differences in baseline characteristics, staging, or preoperative therapy between cohorts. The MIS cohort had a shorter length of stay (6.8 ± 5.5 vs 8.5 ± 7.3 days; P < .0001) with the trend toward improved time to chemotherapy (53.9 ± 26.1 vs 57.9 ± 29.9 days; P = .0511) and margin-positive resection rate (15.3% vs 18.9%; P = .0605). Lymph node retrieval and receipt of chemotherapy were similar. The MIS cohort had higher median overall survival (28.0 vs 22.1 months; P = .0067). Subgroup analysis demonstrated the highest survival for robotic compared with laparoscopic and open LP (41.9 vs 26.6 vs 22.1 months; P < .0001). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates the safety of MIS LP and favorable long-term oncologic outcomes. The improved survival after MIS LP warrants further study with prospective, randomized trials.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Pancreatectomia/métodos , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pontuação de Propensão , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos
20.
AJR Am J Roentgenol ; 215(3): 568-581, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32783556

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this evidence-based review is to equip radiologists to discuss and interpret findings obtained with various imaging modalities, guide patient selection for percutaneous aspiration, and safely perform arthrocentesis to assess for infection in both native and prosthetic joints. CONCLUSION. Septic arthritis is an emergency that can lead to rapidly progressive, irreversible joint damage. Despite the urgency associated with this diagnosis, there remains a lack of consensus regarding many aspects of the management of native and periprosthetic joint infections.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico por imagem , Artrite Infecciosa/cirurgia , Artrocentese , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Artrite Infecciosa/microbiologia , Meios de Contraste , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Seleção de Pacientes , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/diagnóstico por imagem , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/microbiologia , Infecções Relacionadas à Prótese/cirurgia , Fatores de Risco , Líquido Sinovial/microbiologia
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