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1.
J Hand Surg Am ; 45(9): 869-875, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32888437

RESUMO

The case spectrum in hand surgery is one of extremes-purely elective day surgery cases under local anesthesia to mangling limb injuries that require immediate, and frequently, lengthy, surgery. Despite the cancellation of most elective orthopedic and plastic surgical procedures, hand surgeons around the world continue to see a steady stream of limb-threatening cases such as severe trauma and infections that require emergent surgical care. With the increase in community-spread, an increasing number of COVID-19-infected patients may be asymptomatic or have mild, nonspecific or atypical symptoms. Some of them may already have an ongoing, severe infection. The time-sensitive nature of some of these cases means that hand surgeons may need to operate urgently on patients who may be suspected of COVID-19 infections, often before confirmatory test results are available. General guidelines for perioperative care of the COVID-19-positive patient have been published. However, our practices differ from those of general orthopedic and plastic surgery, primarily because of the focus on trauma. This article discusses the perioperative and technical considerations that are essential to manage the COVID-19 patient requiring emergency care, without compromising clinical outcomes and while ensuring the safety of the attending staff.


Assuntos
Amputação Traumática/cirurgia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Traumatismos dos Dedos/cirurgia , Microcirurgia/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adulto , Tratamento de Emergência , Humanos , Masculino
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 17-22, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869610

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of surgical treatment of post-burn defects of face and cranial vault. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 65 patients with post-burn defects of face and cranial vault. Mean age of patients was 38.5 years (min 17 years, max 67 years). Soft tissue reconstruction was performed by using of local tissues, combined plasty, balloon dermotension aand free flaps on microvascular anastomoses. Osteoectomy and sequestrectomy were carried out if it was necessary. Implants were used to eliminate through skull defects. RESULTS: Balloon dermotension with expanders and plasty with local tissues ensure skull reconstruction in the vast majority of patients. Through bone defects required reconstruction of the cranial vault with various implants. CONCLUSION: The proposed surgical approach ensures correction of severe functional and cosmetic disorders caused by post-burn skull defects, elimination of bone damage, restoration of normal skin of the face and cranial vault.


Assuntos
Queimaduras/cirurgia , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/cirurgia , Face/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Crânio/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Queimaduras/complicações , Traumatismos Craniocerebrais/etiologia , Traumatismos Faciais/etiologia , Traumatismos Faciais/cirurgia , Retalhos de Tecido Biológico , Humanos , Microcirurgia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Implantação de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Crânio/lesões , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/etiologia , Lesões dos Tecidos Moles/cirurgia , Expansão de Tecido , Ferimentos e Lesões/etiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
3.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 29-34, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869612

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To report our own experience of one-stage surgical treatment of irradiation-induced osteomyelitis as a complication of radiotherapy for breast cancer (BC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 25 patients with irradiation-induced chest osteomyelitis after previous radiotherapy for breast cancer. All patients were examined according to the same protocol. One-stage surgery with full-thickness resection of affected tissues and plastic closure of the wound was performed depending on localization of lesion and availability of plastic material. RESULTS: Follow-up period ranged from 18 to 110 months (median 48 (19; 52) months). Complications were assessed according to Clavien-Dindo classification. Complications followed by antibacterial therapy and/or local treatment were observed in 8 (32%) out of 25 patients (95% CI 11.5-43.4). Marginal necrosis of musculoskeletal flap was registered in 4 (16%) patients. One (4%) patient required redo thoracomyoplasty after excision of necrotic tissues of musculocutaneous flap due to extensive tissue defect. Total necrosis of musculocutaneous flap was not noted. There were no fatal outcomes. Mean length of hospital-stay was 13 (10; 27) days in the group of musculocutaneous flap from latissimus dorsi muscle and 11 days (7; 24) in the group of rectus abdominis muscle. Good and satisfactory treatment outcomes after one-stage surgical treatment were achieved in 24 (96%) out of 25 patients (95% CI: 75-97.8). CONCLUSION: Irradiation-induced chest osteomyelitis is still actual problem despite an improvement of modern medical equipment and accumulation of experience in radiotherapy. Surgery is preferable method of treatment. Comprehensive examination including contrast-enhanced chest CT with 3D reconstruction and Doppler ultrasound of vascular pedicle is valuable to determine type of resection and plastic technique. Simultaneous approach with resection and plastic closure of the wound is preferred for irradiation-induced chest osteomyelitis if sufficient amount of plastic material is available and contraindications for reconstructive surgery are absent.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/radioterapia , Retalho Miocutâneo , Osteomielite/cirurgia , Radioterapia/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Parede Torácica/cirurgia , Humanos , Músculo Esquelético/transplante , Retalho Miocutâneo/efeitos adversos , Osteomielite/etiologia , Reoperação , Parede Torácica/efeitos da radiação , Toracoplastia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Chirurgia (Bucur) ; 115(4): 493-504, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32876023

RESUMO

Introduction: The laparoscopic approach to right colectomy is gradually gaining a leading role in the surgical treatment of right colonic diseases. However, not all aspects of the procedure are standardized and the method of reconstruction of the digestive tract is still under debate. The present study critically evaluates the extracorporeal (EA) and intracorporeal (IA) techniques used for creation of the ileocolic anastomosis during a laparoscopic right colectomy. Material and Method: The EA and IA anastomotic techniques are described in detail. The peri operative data of a cohort of consecutive patients operated by our surgical team was retrospectively recorded and analyzed regarding type of anastomosis, the path for transition from EA to IA and the incidence of postoperative complications. Furthermore, an analysis of randomized clinical trials, reviews and meta-analyses that provided a comparative evaluation of EA versus IA was performed to provide a more in-depth integration of our own data into the literature. Results: EA was used at the beginning of our experience but was later replaced by IA which became the favorite anastomotic technique. There was no anastomotic fistula recorded in the EA or IA groups but in our cohort IA was unexpectedly associated with higher incidence of peritoneal drainage, prolonged ileus, surgical site infections, anastomotic bleeding and chyloperitoneum. However, IA allows better visualization of the ileal and colonic stumps, avoids twisting of the anastomosis, prevents extraction-related tearing of the mesocolon and reduces the risk of post operative hernia. Data from the literature also shows that IA is generally associated with earlier postoperative return of bowel function, less morbidity and less postoperative pain. Conclusions: Based on this study and the data currently present in the literature it can not be concluded that IA should be considered as the standard of care for laparoscopic right colectomy. The decision for an EA or IA anastomosis ultimately belongs to the surgeon and is influenced by his surgical skill and experience. The results of ongoing randomized controlled trials on large group of patients may bring more clarity on this issue in the future.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/normas , Colectomia/normas , Colo Ascendente/cirurgia , Neoplasias do Colo/cirurgia , Íleo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/normas , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Colectomia/métodos , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Acta Biomed ; 91(3): ahead of print, 2020 07 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32921744

RESUMO

During the COVID-19 pandemic, surgical elective procedures were stopped in our plastic surgery unit. Limitations for consultations and for follow-up of previous surgical procedures were imposed in order to minimize the risk of contagion in waiting rooms and outpatient clinics. We have identified telemedicine as an alternative way to follow patients during the lockdown. Nevertheless, we have experienced different difficulties. We have not had the possibility to use a secure teleconferencing software. In our unit we had not technological devices. Surgeons in our department were not able to use remote video technology for patient management. Guidelines for an appropriate selection of patients which could be served via telemedicine had to be created. Telemedicine must be regulated by healthcare organizations for legal, ethical, medico-legal and risk management aspects. Even if we have experienced an important need to use telematic solutions during the COVID-19 lockdown, liability and risk management issues has greatly limited this possibility in our unit. The need of telemedicine in the time of COVID-19 pandemic has encouraged us to implement future virtual encounters in order to reduce unnecessary in-person visits by taking into consideration all legal, ethical and medico-legal aspects.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Gestão de Riscos/métodos , Cirurgia Plástica/organização & administração , Telemedicina/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Humanos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão
7.
Dermatol Online J ; 26(8)2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32941709

RESUMO

Dermatologic surgeons are at increased risk of contracting SARS-COV-2. At time of writing, there is no published standard for the role of pre-operative testing or the use of smoke evacuators, and personal protective equipment (PPE) in dermatologic surgery. Risks and safety measures in otolaryngology, plastic surgery, and ophthalmology are discussed. In Mohs surgery, cases involving nasal or oral mucosa are highest risk for SARS-COV-2 transmission; pre-operative testing and N95 masks should be urgently prioritized for these cases. Other key safety recommendations include strict control of patient droplets and expanded pre-clinic screening. Dermatologic surgeons are encouraged to advocate for appropriate pre-operative tests, smoke evacuators, and PPE. Future directions would include national consensus guidelines with continued refinement of safety protocols.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Dermatologistas , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Gestão da Segurança/métodos , Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Humanos , Cirurgia de Mohs/efeitos adversos , Cirurgia de Mohs/métodos , Doenças Profissionais/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Oftalmológicos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fumaça/prevenção & controle
8.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 859-862, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970008

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to delineate optimal age to perform unilateral or bilateral cleft lip repair in premature patients. The American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric data set was queried for unilateral and bilateral cleft lip repairs performed between 2012 and 2017. Complications, readmissions, and reoperations were analyzed in the context of prematurity with appropriate statistics. Degree of prematurity was significantly associated with adverse events (p = 0.001, rs = 0.44). Premature patients with unilateral cleft lip had a significantly decreased risk of adverse events when performing cleft lip repair after 150 days of age [OR, 18.1; p = 0.004; before cutoff, n = 10 of 140 (7.1 percent); after cutoff, n = 0 of 112 (0.0 percent)] in the absence of other risk factors. Premature patients with bilateral cleft lip had a significantly decreased risk of adverse events when performing cleft lip repair after 175 days of age (OR, 16.1; p = 0.010; before cutoff, n = 7 of 33 (21.2 percent); after cutoff, n = 0 of 28 (0.0 percent)] in the absence of other risk factors. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:: Risk, II.


Assuntos
Fenda Labial/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fatores Etários , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Readmissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Segurança do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(38): e22332, 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32957403

RESUMO

The pelvic organ prolapse (POP) repair systems used in China are imported and expensive. Our aim was to compare the efficacy and safety of a self-developed pelvic floor repair system versus the Avaulta system.This was a multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, noninferiority trial of 132 patients with POP stage ≥II from the Tongji Hospital Affiliated to Tongji University and the General Hospital of Ningxia Medical University enrolled from 02/2014 to 03/2015. The patients were randomized 1:1 to POP repair using the self-developed system or the Avaulta system. Perioperative conditions, POP quantification, pelvic floor impact questionnaire-7, and prolapse quality of life questionnaires, gynecological ultrasound, and postoperative complications were compared. Patients were followed at 1.5, 3, and 6 months.According to the POP quantification scores obtained at 6 months after surgery, the cure rates of the self-developed and Avaulta groups were 98.3% and 100.0%, respectively (P > .999). At 6 months follow-up, the pelvic floor impact questionnaire-7 scores of the self-developed and Avaulta groups were both improved (P < .001 vs baseline), with no between-group difference observed (P = .488). There were no differences between the 2 groups for subjective symptoms of POP (all P > .05). There were no significant differences between the 2 groups regarding complications (all P > .05).The self-developed pelvic reconstruction system is safe and effective for the treatment of POP and improves the patients' quality of life, without difference compared to the Avaulta system.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Idoso , China , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Telas Cirúrgicas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e22083, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899082

RESUMO

RATIONALE: The extensor tendon of the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) joint is highly complex, and failure to ensure suitable balance during treatment following an injury is likely to produce poor outcomes. We have achieved good outcomes with the primary repair of neglected extensor tendon rupture in the PIP joint, and thus report the case along with a review of the relevant literature. PATIENTS CONCERN: A 40-year-old right-handed female who works at a meat shop visited our clinic due to pain and active limitation of the range of motion (ROM) of the PIP joint of her left long finger. She had previously experienced a cut on the dorsal aspect of the third PIP joint while cutting meat about a year earlier but did not receive any specific treatment for the injury. DIAGNOSIS: The patient was diagnosed with complete rupture of the central slip and lateral band in the PIP joint after investigation. INTERVENTION: We successfully debrided the ruptured tendon and performed extensor tendon repair using the modified Kessler technique and epitendinous cross-over repair technique. OUTCOME: At the 12-month follow-up, the patient was completely asymptomatic and had optimal PIP joint ROM (0°-90°) in her left long finger. LESSONS: Although the treatment of an extensor injury of the PIP joint area is difficult, satisfactory outcomes can still be achieved, even in cases of injuries which are neglected for over a year, using a repair technique that can properly balance the length and tension between the central slip and lateral bands with the selection of appropriate postoperative treatment strategies.


Assuntos
Articulações dos Dedos/patologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Articulações dos Dedos/cirurgia , Humanos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22144, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925769

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of a skin stretching technique with adjustable external fixators in treating skin defects.Eighteen patients treated with a skin-stretching technique with adjustable external fixators for skin defects from April 2017 to October 2019 were included. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores were collected during therapy. The skin defects gradually became smaller until they were completely resolved according to the blood flow of the affected limb and wound skin (the color, temperature, elasticity, and capillary response). The defect sizes ranged from 4 cm × 2 cm to 20 cm × 6 cm.The 18 adjustable external fixators were dismantled in 2 to 9 days (mean, 4.05 days) after the operation, and the defects were completely closed and the sutures were removed after 2 to 3 weeks. The average VAS score was 5.97. The follow-up period was 4 to 12 months (mean, 6.3 months); 17 patients healed well with linear small scar, and no infections or patients of necrosis were observed. Sensory recovery was assessed using the Medical Research Council scale, and all the sensation scores were S3+. Eight patients were healed after the first stage. Nine patients were closed totally while small sinus or skin defect were observed after sutures were removed; 3 patients were healed after the second debridement, and 6 patients finally healed after the dressings were changed. Patellar osteomyelitis recurred in 1 patient who was transferred to the Orthopedic Department for further treatment, and a flap graft procedure was performed.The operation was simple and obviously reduced the course of the disease, the costs, and the damage to the donor site, and it is also significantly superior to skin graft or flap transplantation procedures in terms of the resulting skin sensation, color, texture, elasticity, and appearance.


Assuntos
Fixadores Externos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Cicatrização/fisiologia , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Elasticidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição da Dor , Satisfação do Paciente , Pigmentação da Pele , Temperatura Cutânea , Fatores de Tempo
12.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(4): 451e-463e, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32970012

RESUMO

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, participants should be able to: (1) Identify the most appropriate type of anesthesia for the female genital plastic surgical patient and minimize risks of nerve injury and thromboembolic event through proper preoperative evaluation and knowledge of positioning. (2) Define the vulvovaginal anatomy, including common variants, and assess vulvovaginal tissues after childbirth and menopause. (3) Apply surgical techniques to minimize complications in female genital plastic surgery. (4) Classify the types of female genital mutilation/cutting and design methods of reconstruction after female genital mutilation/cutting. SUMMARY: Female genital plastic surgery is growing in popularity and in numbers performed. This CME article covers several aspects of safety in the performance of these procedures. In choosing the best candidates, the impact of patient motivation, body mass index, parity, menopause and estrogen therapy is discussed. Under anesthesia, consideration for the risks associated with the dorsal lithotomy position and avoidance of compartment syndrome, nerve injury, deep venous thromboses, and pulmonary embolus are covered. Anatomical variations are discussed, as is the impact of childbirth on tissues and muscles. Surgical safety, avoidance of complications, and postoperative care of a variety of vulvovaginal procedures are discussed. Videos showing anatomical variations and surgical techniques of the most common female genital procedures with recommendations to reduce the complication rate are included in the article. Finally, female genital mutilation/cutting is defined, and treatment, avoidance of complications, and postoperative care are discussed.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos em Ginecologia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Vagina/cirurgia , Vulva/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos
13.
J Pediatr Orthop ; 40(8): e690-e696, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776771

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The debate on the treatment of type IIa supracondylar humerus fractures has yet to be resolved. The purpose of this study was to assess the factors associated with successful closed reduction and immobilization and to assess the efficacy of a novel radiographic "hourglass" angle measurement in the management of type IIa supracondylar humerus fractures within the pediatric population. METHODS: An institutional review board-approved retrospective review of all children who underwent closed reduction and casting or splinting of an isolated type IIa supracondylar humerus fractures treated at 2 pediatric hospitals from January 1, 2009 to August 31, 2016. Analyzed radiographic parameters included Baumann angle (BA), humerocondylar angle (HCA), perpendicular distance (PD) from the anterior humeral line to the capitellum, and the hourglass angle (HGA). These parameters were measured on injury radiographs (XR), postreduction XR, and at the first and final follow-up XR. The success of closed reduction was defined as maintenance of an acceptable reduction without a secondary procedure. The interobserver reliability was calculated. RESULTS: There were 77 elbows treated with closed reduction and long-arm cast or splint immobilization. Of those closed reductions, 76.62% of elbows (59/77) maintained their reduction alignment and did not require surgical treatment for percutaneous pinning. In this series, the BA was not significantly different following closed reduction ([INCREMENT]1.04 degrees; P=0.081); however, the PD ([INCREMENT]1.89 mm), HGA ([INCREMENT]7.38 degrees), and HCA ([INCREMENT]5.07 degrees) had significant improvement following closed reduction (P<0.001 for all). The use of procedural sedation during reduction was strongly associated with success, 83.05% (49/59) with sedation compared with 55.56% (10/18) success without sedation (P=0.025). Furthermore, fractures that underwent a secondary procedure had 6.20 degrees less HGA following a closed reduction (P=0.016) and required additional follow-up visits (P=0.0037). The success of type IIa supracondylar humerus fractures did not significantly differ based on sex (P=0.5684), laterality (P=0.6975), mechanism of injury (P>0.9999), location of care-emergency department versus clinic (P=0.1160), or type of fracture immobilization (P=0.7411). The mean HGA in normal elbows was 177.8 degrees. The interobserver reliability for HCA was poor [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC)=0.342]; fair for BA (ICC=0.458); and excellent for both PD and HGA (ICC=0.769 and 0.805, respectively) (P<0.001 for all). CONCLUSIONS: Improved and acceptable radiographic parameters were achieved by a closed reduction in the majority of minimally displaced type IIa fractures treated by closed reduction and immobilization in this series. HCA upon presentation was significantly greater in successful cases, and failure to improve and maintain HGA and PD following closed reduction was associated with loss of reduction. Procedural sedation during reduction was strongly associated with success. The HGA and PD were consistent parameters used to determine effective management of type IIa fractures. This study adds support for a nonoperative closed reduction under sedation with immobilization of selected type IIa supracondylar humerus fractures.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Úmero , Úmero , Criança , Cotovelo/cirurgia , Feminino , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/efeitos adversos , Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas/métodos , Humanos , Fraturas do Úmero/diagnóstico , Fraturas do Úmero/cirurgia , Úmero/diagnóstico por imagem , Úmero/cirurgia , Masculino , Radiografia/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 227-237, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative planning of microsurgical perforator free flaps continues to be a discussion topic among microsurgeons. The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of three methods of preoperative vascular mapping-hand-held Doppler imaging, color Doppler ultrasonography, and computed tomographic angiography-to detect perforators and their concordance with surgical findings. METHODS: A prospective study was performed to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of hand-held Doppler imaging, color Doppler ultrasonography, and computed tomographic angiography to detect free flap perforators. Each patient undergoing a free flap reconstruction was studied preoperatively with the three methods, and the results were compared to the intraoperative findings. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients undergoing autologous tissue reconstruction were included. Most reconstructions (71.7 percent) were performed with anterolateral thigh flaps. The positive predictive value (color Doppler ultrasonography, 100 percent; computed tomographic angiography, 100 percent; hand-held Doppler imaging, 88.6 percent) and negative predictive value (color Doppler ultrasonography, 100 percent; computed tomographic angiography, 94.3 percent; hand-held Doppler imaging, 90.5 percent) rates were significantly different between methods. The high resolution of the color Doppler ultrasonography probe provided a direct vision of the vasculature arborization and efficiently detected vessels with diameters of less than 0.5 mm. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of color Doppler ultrasonography were greater than those of both computed tomographic angiography and hand-held Doppler imaging. There was 100 percent concordance between color Doppler ultrasonography perforators and the surgical findings. CONCLUSIONS: Color Doppler ultrasonography provides a reproducible, harmless, and accurate way to visualize vascular anatomy. It has a high correlation with the surgical findings, signifying advantages over hand-held Doppler and computed tomographic angiography in sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic, II.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Computadores de Mão , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Doenças Vasculares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
15.
J Surg Oncol ; 122(4): 632-638, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32830325

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Aggressive resection of buccal cancer simultaneously leaves both oral and lateral facial defects. It is unknown whether a perforator-based chimeric anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap, with a muscular component, is suitable for the reconstruction of these complicated defects. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 48 patients with a buccal carcinoma (T2 N0-1 M0), who underwent extensive surgical resection, were enrolled. Twenty-seven cases underwent reconstruction using the classical ALT perforator flap (classical group), and 21 cases used the chimeric ALT perforator flap with vastus lateralis muscle mass (chimeric group). The incidence of wound infection, lower limb extremity function, facial appearance, survival curves, and quality of life were compared between groups. RESULTS: The incidence of wound infection or effusion was lower in the chimeric group than in the classical group. The aesthetic result achieved in the chimeric group was better than in the classical group. Meanwhile, there was no significant difference in the function of the donor site between groups. CONCLUSIONS: The chimeric ALT perforator flap, with a muscular component, can reconstruct both the oral and lateral face defects accurately. It sustains the profile of the lateral face and decreases the incidence of wound infection.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/cirurgia , Neoplasias Bucais/cirurgia , Retalho Perfurante , Músculo Quadríceps/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Coxa da Perna/cirurgia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 371-379, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740590

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: As a component of the Maintenance of Certification process from 2003 to 2019, the American Board of Plastic Surgery tracked 20 common plastic surgery operations. By evaluating the data collected over 16 years, the authors are able to examine the practice patterns of pediatric/craniofacial surgeons in the United States. METHODS: Cumulative tracer data for cleft palate repair was reviewed as of April of 2014 and September of 2019. Evidence-based medicine articles were reviewed. Results were tabulated in three categories: pearls, or topics that were covered in both the tracer data and evidence-based medicine articles; topics that were covered by evidence-based medicine articles but not collected in the tracer data; and topics that were covered in tracer data but not addressed in evidence-based medicine articles. RESULTS: Two thousand eight hundred fifty cases had been entered as of September of 2019. With respect to pearls, pushback, von Langenbeck, and Furlow repairs all declined in use, whereas intravelar veloplasty increased. For items not in the tracer, the quality of studies relating to analgesia is among the highest of all areas of study regarding cleft palate repair. In terms of variables collected by the tracer but not studied, in 2019, 41 percent of patients received more than 1 day of antibiotics. CONCLUSIONS: This article provides a review of cleft palate tracer data and summarizes the research in the field. Review of the tracer data enables cleft surgeons to compare their outcomes to national norms and provides an opportunity for them to consider modifications that may enhance their practice.


Assuntos
Fissura Palatina/cirurgia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões/legislação & jurisprudência , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/legislação & jurisprudência , Cirurgia Plástica/estatística & dados numéricos , Resultado do Tratamento , Estados Unidos , Adulto Jovem
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 205e-216e, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740598

RESUMO

LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Describe normal ear anatomy and development, and evaluate the patient's ears for differences in shape, size, prominence, and symmetry. 2. Identify common congenital ear deformities, including prominent ear, macrotia, Stahl ear, cryptotia, constricted ear, and lobule anomalies. 3. Describe both early nonoperative management and operative techniques for correction of these ear deformities. 4. Be aware of advantages and disadvantages of common and emerging techniques for correction of pediatric ear deformities. SUMMARY: Whereas severe ear malformations such as microtia/anotia are rare, other ear deformities, such as prominent ear, Stahl ear, and cryptotia, are common. Although these ear deformities result in minimal physiologic morbidity, their psychological and cosmetic impact can be significant. Identifying these common deformities and understanding how they differ from normal ear anatomy is critical to their management. In cases where a deformity is identified in neonatal life, ear molding may obviate the need for surgery. Although various surgical techniques have been described for correction of common ear deformities, the surgeon should follow a careful stepwise approach to address the auricular deformity or deformities present. By using such an approach, complications may be minimized and predictable aesthetic outcomes achieved.


Assuntos
Orelha Externa/anormalidades , Estética , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Fatores Etários , Criança , Desenvolvimento Infantil , Pré-Escolar , Orelha Externa/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Orelha Externa/cirurgia , Humanos , Lactente , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Otorrinolaringológicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Tempo para o Tratamento , Adesivos Teciduais , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Pediatrics ; 146(3)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32784224

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metopic craniosynostosis can be treated by fronto-orbital advancement or endoscopic strip craniectomy with postoperative helmeting. Infants younger than 6 months of age are eligible for the endoscopic repair. One-year postoperative anthropometric outcomes have been shown to be equivalent, with significantly less morbidity after endoscopic treatment. The authors hypothesized that both repairs would yield equivalent anthropometric outcomes at 5-years postoperative. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of 31 consecutive nonsyndromic patients with isolated metopic craniosynostosis treated with either endoscopic or open correction. The primary anthropometric outcomes were frontal width, interfrontal divergence angle, the Whitaker classification, and the presence of lateral frontal retrusion. Peri-operative variables included estimated blood loss, rates of blood transfusion, length of stay, and operating time. RESULTS: There was a significantly lower rate of lateral frontal retrusion in the endoscopic group. No statistically significant differences were found in the other 3 anthropometric outcomes at 5-years postoperative. The endoscopic group was younger at the time of surgery and had improved peri-operative outcomes related to operating time, hospital stay and blood loss. Both groups had low complication and reoperation rates. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of school-aged children with isolated metopic craniosynostosis, patients who underwent endoscopic repair had superior or equivalent outcomes on all 4 primary anthropometric measures compared with those who underwent open repair. Endoscopic repair was associated with significantly faster recovery and decreased morbidity. Endoscopic repair should be considered in patients diagnosed with metopic craniosynostosis before 6 months of age.


Assuntos
Craniossinostoses/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Craniossinostoses/diagnóstico por imagem , Endoscopia/métodos , Endoscopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Testa/anatomia & histologia , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Duração da Cirurgia , Órbita/diagnóstico por imagem , Órbita/cirurgia , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(3): 326e-329e, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32842114

RESUMO

Changes made to the forehead and periorbital region can have dramatic effects in gender-affirmation surgery. Removal of frontal bossing and alteration of orbital shape can result in significant facial feminization. This elective surgical intervention must be safe, reliable, and aesthetically effective. The described technique of frontal and periorbital bone contouring allows for a safe and consistent surgical outcome in properly selected patients. Nuances in specific technical maneuvers in this operation can have profound effects on safety and aesthetic outcomes. In this article, specific points are detailed in text and video describing the senior author's (E.D.R) surgical approach.


Assuntos
Ossos Faciais/cirurgia , Osso Frontal/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Cirurgia de Readequação Sexual/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Órbita
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