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1.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 89, 2021 Feb 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33602217

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesenteric ischemia is associated with poor outcome and high overall mortality. The aim was to analyze an interdisciplinary treatment approach of vascular and visceral specialists focusing on the in-hospital outcome and follow-up in patients with acute and acute-on-chronic mesenteric ischemia. METHODS: From 2010 until 2017, 26 consecutive patients with acute or acute on chronic mesenteric ischemia were treated by an interdisciplinary team. Data were prospectively collected and retrospectively evaluated. Throughout the initial examination, the extent of bowel resection was determined by the visceral surgeon and the appropriate mode of revascularization by the vascular surgeon. The routine follow-up included clinical examination and ultrasound- or CT-imaging for patency assessment and overall survival as primary endpoint of the study. RESULTS: Out of 26 patients, 18 (69.2%) were rendered for open repair. Ten patients (38.5%) received reconstruction of the superior mesenteric artery with an iliac-mesenteric bypass. Seven patients (26.9%) underwent thrombembolectomy of the mesenteric artery. One patient received an infra-diaphragmatic aorto-celiac-mesenteric bypass. Out of the 8 patients, who were not suitable for open revascularization, 2 patients (7.7%) were treated endovascularly and 6 (23.1%) underwent explorative laparotomy. The in-hospital mortality was 23% (n = 6). The mean survival of the revascularized group (n = 20) was 51.8 months (95% CI 39.1-64.5) compared to 15.7 months in the non-revascularized group (n = 6) (95% CI - 4.8-36.1; p = 0.08). The median follow-up was 64.6 months. Primary patency in the 16 patients after open and 2 after interventional revascularization was 100% and 89.9% in the follow-up. CONCLUSION: The interdisciplinary treatment of mesenteric ischemia improves survival if carried out in time. Hereby open revascularization measures are advantageous as they allow bowel assessment, resection, and revascularization in a one-stop fashion especially in advanced cases.


Assuntos
Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Isquemia Mesentérica , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Doença Aguda , Serviços Médicos de Emergência/métodos , Humanos , Artéria Mesentérica Superior/cirurgia , Isquemia Mesentérica/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
2.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (1): 90-92, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33395518

RESUMO

We report a complex reconstruction of arteriovenous fistula (AVF). Proximal stenosis of cephalic vein was followed by aneurysms of fistulous veins (distal segment of cephalic vein and median cubital vein) complicated by AVF thrombosis. Blood outflow from AVF was retrograde. One week after thrombosis, an aneurysm of median cubital vein containing dense clots was excised. We resected cephalic vein wall and repaired the vessel. Anastomosis with the brachial artery was created distal to the last anastomosis. Proximal cephalic vein repair was performed using resected aneurysm walls. After a year, AVF has been successfully used for hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica , Artéria Braquial/cirurgia , Diálise Renal , Doenças Vasculares/cirurgia , Veias/cirurgia , Aneurisma/etiologia , Aneurisma/cirurgia , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/métodos , Artéria Braquial/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/etiologia , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Insuficiência Venosa/etiologia , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Trombose Venosa/cirurgia
3.
World J Pediatr Congenit Heart Surg ; 12(1): 145-148, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33407035

RESUMO

Anomalous aortic origin of a left coronary artery (L-AAOCA) with an intraseptal course is a rare anomaly and can be associated with myocardial ischemia and sudden cardiac death. No surgical or medical intervention is known to improve patient outcomes. A 7-year-old boy with intraseptal L-AAOCA presented with nonexertional chest pain, syncope, and had reversible myocardial ischemia on provocative testing. The patient was started on ß-blockade, following which his symptoms improved and resolved over a period of six years. A follow-up dobutamine stress magnetic resonance imaging no longer showed reversible ischemia, and cardiac catheterization with fractional flow reserve did not show coronary flow compromise.


Assuntos
Antagonistas Adrenérgicos beta/uso terapêutico , Seio Coronário/anormalidades , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/terapia , Reserva Fracionada de Fluxo Miocárdico/fisiologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/terapia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Cateterismo Cardíaco , Criança , Angiografia Coronária , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/complicações , Anomalias dos Vasos Coronários/diagnóstico , Eletrocardiografia , Humanos , Imagem Cinética por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Isquemia Miocárdica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Miocárdica/etiologia
4.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 33(4): e1556, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503116

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Hepatic artery thrombosis is an important cause of graft loss and ischemic biliary complications. The risk factors have been related to technical aspects of arterial anastomosis and non-surgical ones. AIM: To evaluate the risk factors for the development of hepatic artery thrombosis. METHODS: The sample consisted of 1050 cases of liver transplant. A retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out, and the variables studied in both donor and recipient. RESULTS: Univariate analysis indicated that the variables related to hepatic artery thrombosis are: MELD (p=0.04) and warm time ischemia (p=0.005). In the multivariate analysis MELD=14.5 and warm ischemia time =35 min were independent risk factors for hepatic artery thrombosis. In the prevalence ratio test for analysis of the anastomosis as a variable, it was observed that patients with continuous suture had an increase in thrombosis when compared to interrupted suture. CONCLUSIONS: Prolonged warm ischemia time, calculated MELD and recipient age were independent risk factors for hepatic artery thrombosis after liver transplantation in adults. Transplanted patients with continuous suture had an increase in thrombosis when compared to interrupted suture. Re-transplantation due to hepatic artery thrombosis was associated with higher recipient mortality.


Assuntos
Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Trombose/etiologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
5.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 18-23, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412629

RESUMO

Objective: To evalutate the safety and efficacy of infrahepatic inferior vena cava clamping robot-assisted laparoscopic liver resection. Methods: All data about 24 patients with robotic liver resection at Hepatic Surgery Center,Tongji Hospital,Tongji Medical College,Huazhong University of Science and Technology between February 2015 and December 2017 were collected and analyzed. These patients were divided into two groups based on different methods to decrease central venous pressure. Eight patients(6 males and 2 females,aged 49 years(range:50 to 56 years)) were applied with infrahepatic inferior vena cava clamping,and the other 16 matched cases (15 males and 1 female,aged 53 years(range:38 to 69 years)) were categorized into lowering central venous pressure group. Intraoperative blood loss,blood transfusion,intraoperative hemodynamic parameters,postoperative complications,and renal function were compared by t-test,non-parametric test,χ2 test,or Fisher exact test. Results: There was significantly difference in the intraoperative blood loss between the infrahepatic vena cava clamping group and the lowering central venous group(200(220) ml (range:100 to 400 ml) vs. 750(800) ml (range:100 to 2 000 ml),Z=‒2.169,P=0.030). The clamping time of portal triad and infrahepatic inferior vena cava were 24 (18) minutes and 29 (20) minutes in the infrahepatic inferior vena cava clamping group, and portal triad clamping time was 23 (23) minutes in the low central venous group. There was no significant difference between the two groups (Z=‒0.323, P=0.747). There was no intraoperative blood transfusion in the infrahepatic inferior vena cava clamping group, and 5 cases in the low central venous group, with a transfusion volume of 1.5(1.5)U. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (Z=‒3.353, P=0.001). However, the mean arterial pressure in the infrahepatic vena cava clamping group decreased from (88.6±4.9) mmHg to (67.4±3.8) mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa), which was lower than that of lowering central venous group (72.4±3.3) mmHg (t=2.315,P=0.003). And there were no significant differences related to postoperative complications rate or hepatic and renal function in both groups. Conclusion: The infrahepatic inferior vena cava technology is safe and feasible to decrease central venous pressure during robotic liver resections,which will not affect the recovery of hepatic and renal functions.


Assuntos
Hepatectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Robóticos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Pressão Venosa Central/fisiologia , Constrição , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiologia , Veia Cava Inferior/fisiopatologia
6.
Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 59(1): 32-39, 2021 Jan 01.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33412631

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of total hilar en bloc resection and reconstruction(THERR) and portal vein resection and reconstruction(PVRR) in treatment of perihilar cholangiocarcinoma(PHC). Methods: Data of a total of 101 consecutive patients with PHC who underwent bile duct resection with various types of hepatectomies from June 2013 to December 2019 at Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary,Lihuili Hospital were retrospectively analyzed. Patients who underwent PHC resection combined with THERR or PVRR were identified and grouped accordingly. Fourteen patients(6 males, 8 females, aged (64.3±9.7)years old) underwent hepatectomy combined with THERR, 19 patients(11 males, 8 females, aged (63.8±8.6)years old) underwent hepatectomy combined with PVRR. Indications and surgical procedures of THERR and PVRR were reported. The clinicopathological characteristics and operation data, as well as the short and long-term outcomes of patients of the two groups were compared by Student's t-test and the χ2 test or Fisher exact test, respectively. The actual survivals rates were calculated by using the Kaplan-Meier method, and compared using the Log-rank test. Results: There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in respect to age,sex and whether they had preoperative biliary drainage or not. The types of combined hepatectomy carried out predominately between the two groups were statistically different with the left side being predominant in the THERR group(10/14,P=0.010) and right side in PVRR group(12/19,P=0.001). There were no significant differences between the two groups in respect to whether they received preoperative portal vein embolization,intraoperative blood loss,curative degree,number of lymph node dissections, and whether there was lymphatic metastasis or not. However, both the times of operation and continuous Pringle maneuver were statistically longer in the THERR group((586±158)minutes and (32.5±7.3)minutes)than those in the PVRR group((453±88)minutes and (12.4±3.8)minutes),respectively(t=3.087,P=0.004;t=10.325,P<0.01). One patient in the THERR group died of liver failure 9 days postoperative, the cumulative 1-, 3- and 5-year survival rates were 84.9%, 57.1% and 37.0% for the THERR group and 81.9%, 37.8% and 30.2% for the PVRR group, respectively. There was no statistically significant differences between the two groups(χ²=0.150,P=0.698). Conclusions: Compared to the role of PVRR in the treatment of PHC, THERR is a novel and technically demanding procedure that is feasible in selected patients for the treatment of advanced PHC with invasion of both the hepatic artery and portal vein. However,due to the small size of this primary study,the value of THERR needs further evaluation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar , Colangiocarcinoma , Hepatectomia , Tumor de Klatskin , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares , Idoso , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Biliar/métodos , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Hepatectomia/métodos , Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
7.
J Card Surg ; 36(3): 848-856, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33442890

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: A significant restructuring of the healthcare services has taken place since the declaration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, with elective surgery put on hold to concentrate intensive care resources to treat COVID-19 as well as to protect patients who are waiting for relatively low risk surgery from exposure to potentially infected hospital environment. METHODS: Multicentre study, with 19 participating centers, to define the impact of the pandemic on the provision of aortovascular services and patients' outcomes after having adapted the thresholds for intervention to guarantee access to treatment for emergency and urgent conditions. Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data, including all patients with aortovascular conditions admitted for surgical or conservative treatment from the 1st March to the 20th May 2020. RESULTS: A total of 189 patients were analyzed, and 182 underwent surgery. Diagnosis included: aneurysm (45%), acute aortic syndrome (44%), pseudoaneurysm (4%), aortic valve endocarditis (4%), and other (3%). Timing for surgery was: emergency (40%), urgent (34%), or elective (26%). In-hospital mortality was 12%. Thirteen patients were diagnosed with COVID-19 during the peri-operative period, and this subgroup was not associated with a higher mortality. CONCLUSIONS: There was a significant change in service provision for aortovascular patients in the UK. Although the emergency and urgent surgical activity were maintained, elective treatment was minimal during early months of the pandemic. The preoperative COVID-19 screening protocol, combined with self-isolation and shielding, contributed to the low incidence of COVID-19 in our series and a mortality similar to that of pre-pandemic outcomes.


Assuntos
Doenças da Aorta/cirurgia , Emergências , Pandemias , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças da Aorta/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Reino Unido/epidemiologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(2): e24133, 2021 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33466186

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: To analyze the correlation between aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) values and early and late sac shrinkage after endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR).We retrospectively analyzed 28 patients who underwent EVAR for abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) using a bifurcated main body stent graft. The value of AWE in the slice of the maximum AAA diameter was measured using a volumetric analysis of computed tomography images. Sac measurements before EVAR and more than 10 months after EVAR were compared, and the maximum sac shrinkage rate was calculated.The AWE value immediately after (4 to 7 days) EVAR correlated positively with the sac shrinkage rate (R2 = 0.0139). The AWE value at 6 months after EVAR was also strongly correlated with the sac shrinkage rate (R2 = 0.4982).Higher AWE values at 6 months after EVAR were strongly associated with the sac volume shrinkage rate. High AWE values may be a predictive factor for sac shrinkage and may aid in the selection of the appropriate clinical strategy after EVAR.


Assuntos
Aorta/diagnóstico por imagem , Aorta/fisiopatologia , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Aneurisma da Aorta Abdominal/classificação , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesos e Medidas/instrumentação
9.
BMC Surg ; 21(1): 4, 2021 Jan 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33397346

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mesentericoportal vein (MPV) resection in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) surgery has become a common procedure. A few studies had described the use of falciform ligament (FL) for MPV reconstruction and received encouraging preliminary effects. AIMS: This study was designed to explore the feasibility and efficacy of this technique compared with others. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with MPV resection for PDAC from 2009 to 2018 were enrolled. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed, MPV reconstructions using FL were distinguished and compared with other techniques. RESULTS: 146 patients underwent MPV reconstruction, and 13 received FL venoplasty. Other reconstruction techniques included primary end-to-end anastomosis (primary, n = 30), lateral venorrhaphy (LV, n = 19), polytetrafluoroethylene conduit interposition (PTFE, n = 24), iliac artery (IA) allografts interposition (n = 47), and portal vein (PV) allografts interposition (n = 13). FL group holds the advantages of shortest operation time (p = 0.023), lowest blood loss (p = 0.109), and shortest postoperative hospital stay (p = 0.125). The grouped patency rates of FL, primary, LV, PTFE, IA, and PV were 100%, 90%, 68%, 54%, 68%, and 85% respectively. Comparison displayed that FL had the highest patency rate (p = 0.008) and lowest antiplatelet/anticoagulation proportion (p = 0.000). Complications and long-term survival were similar among different techniques. The median survival time of patent group (24.0 months, 95% CI: 22.0-26.0) was much longer than that of the thrombosed (17.0 months, 95% CI: 13.7-20.3), though without significant difference (P = 0.148). CONCLUSIONS: PD with MPV resection and reconstruction by FL is safe, feasible, and efficacious, it might provide a potential benefit for patients.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Ligamentos/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Anastomose Cirúrgica , Estudos de Coortes , Estudos de Viabilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Veias Mesentéricas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
10.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 49-54, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869615

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare various approaches to revascularization of aortoiliac-femoral segment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected prospectively for retrospective analysis. There were 192 patients with atherosclerotic lesion of the aortoiliac-femoral segment who underwent reconstructive surgeries. All patients were divided into 3 groups depending on the type of reconstruction: 85 patients underwent open surgical interventions, 63 patients - endovascular interventions, 44 patients - hybrid techniques. Between-group differences were considered significant at p-value <0.05. RESULTS: Hybrid revascularization is characterized by less duration of surgery, blood loss and morbidity. Hybrid interventions ensured favorable primary patency compared to open surgery within the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: Hybrid revascularization of aortoiliac-femoral segment is characterized by less duration of surgery, blood loss and morbidity.


Assuntos
Aorta/cirurgia , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Artéria Ilíaca/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
11.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 55-60, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869616

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the immediate results of therapy and indirect revascularization in patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The results of medication and surgical treatment were analyzed in 210 patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs. Atherosclerosis obliterans was diagnosed in 142 patients, thromboangiitis obliterans - in 68 patients. Lesion of femoropopliteal segment was observed in 32 (15.2%) cases, popliteal-tibial segment - 68 (32.8%) patients, tibial and foot segment - 62 (29.5%) cases, foot - 31 (14.8%) cases, multiple-level lesion - 17 (8.1%) cases. Survey consisted of Doppler ultrasound, CT angiography, rheovasography with analysis of rheographic index (RI) and pulse oximetry. Circulatory parameters were compared with identical values in 48 almost healthy persons ("reference group"). The results of medication and surgical treatment were evaluated by using of the scale of Rutherford R.B. et al. (1997). RESULTS: Conservative treatment was performed in 48 patients (control group). The following types of indirect revascularization operations were performed to stimulate regional circulation: bone trepanation in 42 patients, lumbar sympathectomy in 51 patients, bone trepanation + lumbar sympathectomy in 38 patients, bone trepanation with intraosseous irradiation in 31 cases. CONCLUSION: Indirect revascularization improves early postoperative outcomes, ensures maintaining support function of the limb and active lifestyle in patients with critical ischemia of the lower limbs. Technical simplicity of these procedures facilitates widespread introduction of indirect revascularization in multi-field hospitals.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Isquemia/cirurgia , Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/cirurgia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/tratamento farmacológico , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/diagnóstico por imagem , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/tratamento farmacológico , Arteriosclerose Obliterante/cirurgia , Osso e Ossos/cirurgia , Tratamento Conservador , Humanos , Isquemia/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia/tratamento farmacológico , Salvamento de Membro/métodos , Extremidade Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Simpatectomia , Tromboangiite Obliterante/diagnóstico por imagem , Tromboangiite Obliterante/tratamento farmacológico , Tromboangiite Obliterante/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos
12.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 107-109, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869623

RESUMO

Aneurysmal transformation of arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is a common complication and associated with increased risk of arrosive bleeding. Ligation of fistulous vein is conventional surgery for bleeding. This is followed by AVF malfunction and need for implantation of central venous catheter. We report reconstructive surgery and maintaining the function of AVF in a patient with aneurysmal transformation of AVF after arrosive bleeding. Reconstructive vascular surgery can significantly extend the period of patent AVF for hemodialysis. This is extremely important in patients with reduced resources of native vessels suitable for AVF formation. The same is true if conversion of the type of renal replacement therapy is associated with significant difficulties.


Assuntos
Aneurisma/cirurgia , Derivação Arteriovenosa Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Aneurisma/etiologia , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Ligadura , Diálise Renal , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Veias/cirurgia
13.
Khirurgiia (Mosk) ; (8): 110-116, 2020.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32869624

RESUMO

The authors reported a rare clinical case of successful surgical treatment of young female with retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma followed by lesion of the cavarenal segment of inferior vena cava, left renal vein. Clinical and morphological features of disease, postoperative outcomes and prognostic factors in patients with retroperitoneal leiomyosarcoma are discussed.


Assuntos
Leiomiossarcoma/cirurgia , Veias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Vasculares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Leiomiossarcoma/diagnóstico , Leiomiossarcoma/secundário , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Retroperitoneais/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento , Neoplasias Vasculares/secundário
14.
Niger J Clin Pract ; 23(9): 1221-1228, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32913160

RESUMO

Background: : Vascular injuries are commonly seen in both emergency services and forensic medicine practise. They are often life-threatening, with high morbidity and mortality rates. Aims: This study aimed to retrospectively evaluate extremity vascular injuries and the associated treatment approaches. Methods: After obtaining approval from the ethics committee of the university, those patients admitted to the emergency department of Adiyaman between 1 February 2013 and 31 August 2018 were included in this study. The patients' data were obtained through the electronic records system, and the cases were evaluated according to the age, gender and cause of injury, including blunt force trauma injuries (accidents, traffic accidents, crush injuries and occupational accidents) and penetrating injuries (stabbing, gunshot wounds, suicide attempts and assaults). Additionally, the injuries were evaluated based on the extremity, according to the anatomical location and whether the injury was life-threatening. Results: This study included 76 patients with extremity vascular injuries; 65 were males (85.52%), 11 were females (14.48%) and their average age was 33.24 ± 15.85 years. Forty-five (59.2%) of the patients had upper extremity vascular injuries, and 31 (40.3%) had lower extremity vascular injuries. In addition to arterial injuries, 26 (34.21%) of the patients had venous injuries and 22 (28.94%) had nerve injuries. Nine of these patients had neurological deficits due to their nerve injuries. All of the patients were revascularized within 3-5 hours, and none of the patients required amputations. Conclusion: The primary goals in extremity vessel injury cases are to prevent mortality, especially after major vascular injuries, and save the extremity from amputation. With a fast, effective and multi-disciplinary approach, an accurate diagnosis and effective surgical intervention can prevent morbidity and mortality as well as reduce the rate of undesirable complications.


Assuntos
Extremidade Inferior/irrigação sanguínea , Extremidade Inferior/lesões , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/diagnóstico por imagem , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/cirurgia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidentes de Trânsito , Adolescente , Adulto , Artérias/diagnóstico por imagem , Artérias/lesões , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Extremidades , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/complicações , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/epidemiologia , Ferimentos por Arma de Fogo/cirurgia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/epidemiologia , Ferimentos Penetrantes/cirurgia , Adulto Jovem
15.
Am Heart J ; 228: 91-97, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871328

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The optimal role of radial artery grafts in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) remains uncertain. The purpose of this study was to examine angiographic and clinical outcomes following CABG among patients who received a radial artery graft. METHODS: Patients in the angiographic cohort of the PREVENT-IV trial were stratified based upon having received a radial artery graft or not during CABG. Baseline characteristics and 1-year angiographic and 5-year clinical outcomes were compared between patients. RESULTS: Of 1,923 patients in the angiographic cohort of PREVENT-IV, 117 received a radial artery graft. These patients had longer surgical procedures (median 253 vs 228 minutes, P < .001) and had a greater number of grafts placed (P < .0001). Radial artery grafts had a graft-level failure rate of 23.0%, which was similar to vein grafts (25.2%) and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts (8.3%). The hazard of the composite clinical outcome of death, myocardial infarction, or repeat revascularization was similar for both cohorts (adjusted hazard ratio 0.896, 95% CI 0.609-1.319, P = .58). Radial graft failure rates were higher when used to bypass moderately stenotic lesions (<75% stenosis, 37% failure) compared with severely stenotic lesions (≥75% stenosis, 15% failure). CONCLUSIONS: Radial artery grafts had early failure rates comparable to saphenous vein and higher than left internal mammary artery grafts. Use of a radial graft was not associated with a different rate of death, myocardial infarction, or postoperative revascularization. Despite the significant potential for residual confounding associated with post hoc observational analyses of clinical trial data, these findings suggest that when clinical circumstances permit, the radial artery is an acceptable alternative to saphenous vein and should be used to bypass severely stenotic target vessels.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular , Artéria Radial/transplante , Reoperação , Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/efeitos adversos , Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Feminino , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/diagnóstico , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/etiologia , Oclusão de Enxerto Vascular/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Processos e Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Reoperação/métodos , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/estatística & dados numéricos
16.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 227-237, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740566

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Preoperative planning of microsurgical perforator free flaps continues to be a discussion topic among microsurgeons. The purpose of this study was to compare the ability of three methods of preoperative vascular mapping-hand-held Doppler imaging, color Doppler ultrasonography, and computed tomographic angiography-to detect perforators and their concordance with surgical findings. METHODS: A prospective study was performed to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of hand-held Doppler imaging, color Doppler ultrasonography, and computed tomographic angiography to detect free flap perforators. Each patient undergoing a free flap reconstruction was studied preoperatively with the three methods, and the results were compared to the intraoperative findings. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients undergoing autologous tissue reconstruction were included. Most reconstructions (71.7 percent) were performed with anterolateral thigh flaps. The positive predictive value (color Doppler ultrasonography, 100 percent; computed tomographic angiography, 100 percent; hand-held Doppler imaging, 88.6 percent) and negative predictive value (color Doppler ultrasonography, 100 percent; computed tomographic angiography, 94.3 percent; hand-held Doppler imaging, 90.5 percent) rates were significantly different between methods. The high resolution of the color Doppler ultrasonography probe provided a direct vision of the vasculature arborization and efficiently detected vessels with diameters of less than 0.5 mm. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of color Doppler ultrasonography were greater than those of both computed tomographic angiography and hand-held Doppler imaging. There was 100 percent concordance between color Doppler ultrasonography perforators and the surgical findings. CONCLUSIONS: Color Doppler ultrasonography provides a reproducible, harmless, and accurate way to visualize vascular anatomy. It has a high correlation with the surgical findings, signifying advantages over hand-held Doppler and computed tomographic angiography in sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Diagnostic, II.


Assuntos
Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada/métodos , Computadores de Mão , Retalho Perfurante/irrigação sanguínea , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Doenças Vasculares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Microcirurgia/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças Vasculares/diagnóstico
19.
Lima; Instituto Nacional de Salud; aog. 2020.
Não convencional em Espanhol | BRISA/RedTESA | ID: biblio-1122256

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Este documento técnico se realiza a solicitud del Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Neurológicas. Cuadro clínico: El accidente cerebral vascular (ACV) se define como los síntomas y signos de compromiso neurológico focal, de inicio brusco, que llevan a la muerte o que duran más de 24 horas y que no pueden ser atribuibles a otra causa aparente que la vascular. Los pacientes con ACV por oclusión aguda de la ACI no han sido tradicionalmente candidatos a una revascularización carotídea mediante la implantación de un stent con o sin angioplastia, sin embargo, nuevos estudios indican que el tratamiento endovascular de la oclusión aguda de la ACI es factible, seguro y puede mejorar el pronóstico funcional de estos pacientes. Tecnología sanitária: La cirugía como tratamiento de rescate en ACV consiste en el tratamiento endovascular (TEV) que puede incluir la fibrinolisis arterial, la trombólisis mecánica (TM) y la endarterectomía de la estenosis u oclusión de la ACI. Para minimizar los retrasos en el inicio del tratamiento, se han diseñado estrategias que combinan la rapidez de administración de la trombólisis IV con la eficacia de la trombólisis intraarterial. Esta estrategia, denominada de rescate, beneficiaría principalmente a aquellos pacientes con escasas probabilidad de respuesta a la trombólisis endovenosa OBJETIVO: Evaluar la eficacia y seguridad, así como documentos relacionados a la decisión de cobertura de la cirugía de rescate vascular en el tratamiento de pacientes con Infarto cerebral agudo por oclusión de vaso de arteria carótida interna. METODOLOGÍA: Se realizó una búsqueda en las principales bases de datos bibliográficas: MEDLINE, LILACS, COCHRANE, así como en buscadores genéricos de Internet incluyendo Google Scholar y TRIPDATABASE. Adicionalmente, se hizo una búsqueda dentro de la información generada por las principales instituciones internacionales de cirugía vascular, y agencias de tecnologías sanitarias que realizan revisiones sistemáticas (RS), evaluación de tecnologías sanitarias (ETS) y guías de práctica clínica (GPC). RESULTADOS: Se identificaron una RS, cinco GPC y una ETS. Adicionalmente se seleccionaron dos estudios observacionales. No se encontraron evaluaciones económicas de Perú o la región latinoamericana. CONCLUSIONES: La evidencia con respecto a la cirugía de rescate vascular en el tratamiento de pacientes con infarto cerebral agudo por oclusión de vaso de arteria carótida interna es escaso. Basado en una revisión sistemática, se muestra un beneficio en la mortalidad de este procedimiento comparado a manejo no quirúrgico especialmente en manejo de vasos grandes. Sin embargo, los resultados podrían referir que no hay un beneficio diferencial con respecto a hemorragias intracraneales. Basado en estudios observacionales la tecnología se muestra como eficaz y segura sin embargo estos resultados no son comparativos por lo que es importante ponerlos en contexto. Las GPC y ETS recabadas mencionan a la tecnología de interés para el manejo de ACV de grandes vasos después del fracaso o contraindicación de trombólisis.


Assuntos
Humanos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Vasculares/métodos , Artéria Carótida Interna/fisiopatologia , Infarto Cerebral/reabilitação , Peru , Avaliação da Tecnologia Biomédica , Análise Custo-Benefício
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