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1.
BMJ Case Rep ; 13(10)2020 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33012707

RESUMO

This is a report of the first three cases of endovascular aneurysm treatment that were proctored by a remote interventionalist using a novel high-resolution low-latency streaming technology. The proctor was located in a neurovascular centre and supported the treating interventional teams in two distant cities (up to 800 km/500 miles apart). All aneurysms were treated using the Woven EndoBridge (WEB) embolisation system, either electively or following subarachnoid haemorrhage. On-site proctoring was not possible due to travel restrictions during the COVID-19 pandemic. WEB placement was feasible in all cases. Good rapport between proctors and treating physicians was reported, enabled by the high-resolution image transmission and uninterrupted feedback/discussion via audiostream. No clinical complications were encountered. Short-term follow-up revealed adequate occlusion of all treated aneurysms. The employed streaming technology provided effective remote proctoring during complex aneurysm cases, including the management of technical complications.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/terapia , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Telemedicina/métodos , Angiografia Digital/métodos , Humanos , Aneurisma Intracraniano/diagnóstico por imagem
2.
Rev Col Bras Cir ; 47: e20202481, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32965301

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Endovascular treatment for femoropopliteal arterial disease has made revascularization procedures less invasive, but the self-expanding stents used can suffer great wear in arteries with extreme mobility. To evaluate the prevalence of fractures in stents implanted in the femoropopliteal segment, to identify predisposing factors and consequences on arterial patency. METHOD: between March and June 2019, thirty patients previously operated for femoropopliteal obstruction underwent stent X-rays in anteroposterior and lateral views to detect fractures and Doppler to analyze arterial patency. RESULTS: we observed 12 cases with fractures (33.3%): 1 type I (2.8%), 3 type II (8.3%), 5 type III (13.9%), 3 type IV (8.3%) and no type V. According to the TASC II we had 1 in group B (8.3%), 6 in group C (50%) and 5 in group D (41.6%) p <0.004. The number of stents per limb was 3.1 (± 1.3) in cases of fracture versus 2.3 (± 1.3) in cases without fracture (p = 0.08). The extension was 274.17mm (± 100.94) in cases of fracture and 230.83mm (± 135.44) in cases without fracture (p = 0.29). On Doppler we had: 17 patients (47.2%) without stenosis, 9 patients (25%) with stenosis> 50% and 10 patients (27.8%) with occlusion (p = 0.37). There was no correlation between fracture and arterial obstruction (p = 0.33). CONCLUSION: stent fractures are a frequent finding in the femoropopliteal area (33.3%), being more prevalent in cases of more advanced disease (C and D). There was no association between the finding of fracture and arterial obstruction.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Doença Arterial Periférica , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/terapia , Artéria Poplítea , Falha de Prótese , Stents , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Humanos , Perna (Membro)/irrigação sanguínea , Doenças Vasculares Periféricas/diagnóstico por imagem , Prevalência , Desenho de Prótese , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(37): e22157, 2020 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32925775

RESUMO

Endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) and thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) are effective and minimally invasive treatment options for high-risk surgical candidates. Nevertheless, knowledge about the management of aortic stent graft therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD) is scarce. This study aimed to examine outcomes after EVAR and TEVAR in patients with CKD.Utilizing data from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we retrospectively assessed patients who underwent EVAR and TEVAR therapy between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2013. Patients were divided into CKD and non-CKD groups. Outcomes were in-hospital mortality, all-cause mortality, readmission, heart failure, and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events.There were 1019 patients in either group after matching. The CKD group had a higher in-hospital mortality rate than the non-CKD group (15.2% vs 8.3%, respectively; odds ratio, 1.92; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.46-2.54). Patients with CKD had higher risks of all-cause mortality including in-hospital death (46.1% vs 33.1%; hazard ratio [HR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.35-1.92), readmission rate (62.6% vs 55.0%; subdistribution HR [SHR], 1.61; 95% CI, 1.32-1.69), redo stent (7.8% vs 6.2%; SHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.09-2.07), and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (13.3% vs 8.8%; SHR, 1.50; 95% CI, 1.15-1.95). The subgroup analysis did not demonstrate a variation in mortality between the TEVAR and EVAR cohorts (P for interaction = .725). The dialysis group had higher risks of all-cause mortality and readmission than the CKD without dialysis and non-CKD groups.Among EVAR/TEVAR recipients, CKD was independently associated with higher in-hospital mortality, postoperative complication, and all-cause mortality rates. Patients with end-stage renal disease on dialysis had worse outcomes than those in the CKD non-dialysis and non-CKD groups.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Aórtico/epidemiologia , Aneurisma Aórtico/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Aneurisma , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Implante de Prótese Vascular/efeitos adversos , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Comorbidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Readmissão do Paciente , Fatores Sexuais , Medicina Estatal , Taiwan
4.
Ann Ital Chir ; 91: 273-276, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32877380

RESUMO

CASE REPORT: A 64-year-old woman presented to our emergency department during the outbreak of the covid-19 emergency in Italy with syncope, anosmia, mild dyspnoea and atypical chest and dorsal pain. A chest CT scan showed an acute type B aortic dissection (ATBAD) and bilateral lung involvement with ground-glass opacity, compatible with interstitial pneumonia. Nasopharyngeal swabs resulted positive for SARS-CoV-2. For the persistence of chest pain, despite the analgesic therapy, we decided to treat her with a TEVAR. Patient's chest and back pain resolved during the first few days after the procedure. No surgical or respiratory complications occurred and the patient was discharged 14 days after surgery. DISCUSSION: By performing the operation under local anesthesia, it was possible to limit both the staff inside the operatory room and droplet/aerosol release. Since we had to perform the operation in a hemodynamics room, thanks to the limited extension of the endoprosthesis and the good caliber of the right vertebral artery we were able to reduce the risk of spinal cord ischemia despite the lack of a revascularization of the left subclavian artery. CONCLUSIONS: A minimally invasive total endovascular approach allows, through local anesthesia and percutaneous access, to avoid surgical cut down and orotracheal intubation. This, combined with a defined management protocol for infected patients, seems to be a reasonable way to perform endovascular aortic procedures in urgent setting, even in a SARSCoV- 2 positive patient. KEY WORDS: COVID-19, Dissection, TEVAR.


Assuntos
Aneurisma Dissecante/cirurgia , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/cirurgia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Implante de Prótese Vascular/métodos , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Anestesia Local , Aneurisma Dissecante/complicações , Antibioticoprofilaxia , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Aneurisma da Aorta Torácica/complicações , Contraindicações de Procedimentos , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Darunavir/uso terapêutico , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/complicações , Quimioterapia Combinada , Enoxaparina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroxicloroquina/uso terapêutico , Complicações Intraoperatórias/prevenção & controle , Intubação Intratraqueal/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nasofaringe/virologia , Salas Cirúrgicas , Isolamento de Pacientes , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Ritonavir/uso terapêutico , Isquemia do Cordão Espinal/prevenção & controle , Artéria Vertebral/cirurgia
5.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 12(11): 1045-1048, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989032

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to compare the outcome of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients who received endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) with confirmed COVID-19 to those without. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis using the Vizient Clinical Data Base and included hospital discharges from April 1 to July 31 2020 with ICD-10 codes for AIS and EVT. The primary outcome was in-hospital death and the secondary outcome was favorable discharge, defined as discharge home or to acute rehabilitation. We compared patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 to those without. As a sensitivity analysis, we compared COVID-19 AIS patients who did not undergo EVT to those who did, to balance potential adverse events inherent to COVID-19 infection. RESULTS: We identified 3165 AIS patients who received EVT during April to July 2020, in which COVID-19 was confirmed in 104 (3.3%). Comorbid COVID-19 infection was associated with younger age, male sex, diabetes, black race, Hispanic ethnicity, intubation, acute coronary syndrome, acute renal failure, and longer hospital and intensive care unit length of stay. The rate of in-hospital death was 12.4% without COVID-19 vs 29.8% with COVID-19 (P<0.001). In mixed-effects logistic regression that accounted for patient clustering by hospital, comorbid COVID-19 increased the odds of in-hospital death over four-fold (OR 4.48, 95% CI 3.02 to 6.165). Comorbid COVID-19 was also associated with lower odds of a favorable discharge (OR 0.43, 95% CI 0.30 to 0.61). In the sensitivity analysis, comparing AIS patients with COVID-19 who did not undergo EVT (n=2139) to the AIS EVT patients with COVID-19, there was no difference in the rate of in-hospital death (30.6% vs 29.8%, P=0.868), and AIS EVT patients had a higher rate of favorable discharge (32.4% vs 47.1%, P=0.002). CONCLUSION: In AIS patients treated with EVT, comorbid COVID-19 infection was associated with in-hospital death and a lower odds of favorable discharge compared with patients without COVID-19, but not compared with AIS patients with COVID-19 who did not undergo EVT. AIS EVT patients with COVID-19 were younger, more likely to be male, have systemic complications, and almost twice as likely to be black and over three times as likely to be Hispanic.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Procedimentos Endovasculares/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Trombectomia/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Comorbidade , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Grupos Étnicos , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/estatística & dados numéricos , Trombectomia/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 358, 2020 Sep 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32972381

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic is associated with an increased incidence of acute ischemic stroke (AIS) secondary to large vessel occlusion (LVO). The treatment of these patients poses unique and significant challenges to health care providers requiring changes in existing protocols. CASE PRESENTATION: A 54-year-old COVID-19 positive patient developed sudden onset left hemiparesis secondary to an acute right middle cerebral artery occlusion (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score = 11). Mechanical thrombectomy (MT) was performed under a new protocol specifically designed to maximize protective measures for the team involved in the care of the patient. Mechanical Thrombectomy was performed successfully under general anesthesia resulting in TICI 3 recanalization. With regards to time metrics, time from door to reperfusion was 60 mins. The 24-h NIHSS score decreased to 2. Patient was discharged after 19 days after improvement of her pulmonary status with modified Rankin Scale = 1. CONCLUSION: Patients infected by COVID-19 can develop LVO that is multifactorial in etiology. Mechanical thrombectomy in a COVID-19 confirmed patient presenting with AIS due to LVO is feasible with current mechanical thrombectomy devices. A change in stroke workflow and protocols is now necessary in order to deliver the appropriate life-saving therapy for COVID-19 positive patients while protecting medical providers.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/cirurgia , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Trombectomia/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Angiografia Cerebral , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Serviços Médicos de Emergência , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/complicações , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Intubação Intratraqueal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Reperfusão , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Tempo para o Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
BMC Neurol ; 20(1): 289, 2020 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32736532

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the medium-and long-term effect of intravascular interventional therapy for symptomatic severe basilar artery stenosis supported by multimodal imaging. METHOD: After strict screening of 67 patients with symptomatic severe basilar artery stenosis (70-99%) with atherosclerotic stenosis, 67 patients with symptomatic recurrence after intensive drug treatment were treated with intravascular balloon dilatation and Enterprise stent implantation. Any stroke or death within 30 days after operation and any stroke and restenosis during medium-and long-term follow-up were recorded. RESULTS: ①The mean age of 67 patients (67lesions) was 57 ± 8 years old, and the technical success rate was 100%; ②Preoperative angiography showed that the collateral circulation was poor, and TICI was 1-2a while postoperative angiography showed that TICI was significantly improved to 2b-3; ③The average preoperative stenosis rate was 82 ± 9%, and the postoperative stenosis rate was reduced to 17 ± 10%; ④Before surgery, abnormal perfusion was found in the posterior circulation CTP; After the postoperative re-examination, the posterior circulation of CTP perfusion was significantly improved; ⑤Postoperative symptoms and neurological conditions improved significantly; ⑥Complications of perforating branch event occurred in 1 case after operation, and symptoms were relieved after more than 1 month of medication treatment, and mild neurological dysfunction remained. 1 case developed subacute thrombosis in the stent, which improved after active intra-arterial thrombolysis, and there was no residual neurological dysfunction; and 1 case of micro-guide wire being trapped by the distal vasospasm. ⑦67 patients were followed up by telephone, WeChat or imaging for 36-66 months. CONCLUSIONS: In summary intravascular balloon dilation + Enterprise stent implantation is safe and effective for the treatment of symptomatic severe atherosclerotic stenosis of the basilar artery, with high technical success rate, low perioperative complications, and good mid-term and long-term effects.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/complicações , Artéria Basilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Insuficiência Vertebrobasilar/diagnóstico por imagem , Idoso , Circulação Colateral , Constrição Patológica/diagnóstico por imagem , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Imagem Multimodal , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 8: CD013267, 2020 Aug 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32789891

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ICAS) is an arterial narrowing in the brain that can cause stroke. Endovascular therapy and medical management may be used to prevent recurrent ischaemic stroke caused by ICAS. However, there is no consensus on the best treatment for people with ICAS. OBJECTIVES: To compare the safety and efficacy of endovascular therapy (ET) plus conventional medical treatment (CMT) with CMT alone for the management of symptomatic ICAS. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register (30 August 2019), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL: to 30 August 2019), MEDLINE Ovid (1946 to 30 August 2019), Embase Ovid (1974 to 30 August 2019), Scopus (1960 to 30 August 2019), Science Citation Index Web of Science (1900 to 30 July 2019), Academic Source Complete EBSCO (ASC: 1982 to 30 July 2019), and China Biological Medicine Database (CBM: 1978 to 30 July 2019). We also searched the following trial registers: ClinicalTrials.gov, WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, and Stroke Trials Registry. We also contacted trialists and researchers where additional information was required. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) comparing ET plus CMT with CMT alone for the treatment of symptomatic ICAS. ET modalities included angioplasty alone, balloon-mounted stent, and angioplasty followed by placement of a self-expanding stent. CMT included antiplatelet therapy in addition to control of risk factors such as hypertension, hyperlipidaemia, and diabetes. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two review authors independently screened trials to select potentially eligible RCTs and extracted data. Any disagreements were resolved by discussing and reaching consensus decisions with the full team. We assessed risk of bias and applied the GRADE approach to assess the quality of the evidence. The primary outcome was death of any cause or non-fatal stroke of any type within three months of randomisation. Secondary outcomes included any-cause death or non-fatal stroke of any type more than three months of randomisation, ipsilateral stroke, type of recurrent event, death, restenosis, dependency, and health-related quality of life. MAIN RESULTS: We included three RCTs with 632 participants who had symptomatic ICAS with an age range of 18 to 85 years. The included trials had high risks of performance bias and other potential sources of bias due to the impossibility of blinding of the endovascular intervention and early termination of the trials. Moreover, one trial had a high risk of attrition bias because of the high rate of loss of one-year follow-up and the high proportion of participants transferred from endovascular therapy to medical management. The quality of evidence ranged from low to moderate, downgraded for imprecision. Compared to CMT, ET probably results in a higher rate of 30-day death or stroke (risk ratio (RR) 3.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.80 to 5.24; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), 30-day ipsilateral stroke (RR 3.54, 95% CI 1.98 to 6.33; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), 30-day ischaemic stroke (RR 2.52, 95% CI 1.37 to 4.62; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), and 30-day haemorrhagic stroke (RR 15.53, 95% CI 2.10 to 115.16; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, low-quality evidence). ET was also likely associated with a worse outcome in one-year death or stroke (RR 1.69, 95% CI 1.21 to 2.36; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), one-year ipsilateral stroke (RR 2.28, 95% CI 1.52 to 3.42; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), one-year ischaemic stroke (RR 2.07, 95% CI 1.37 to 3.13; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), and one-year haemorrhagic stroke (RR 10.13, 95% CI 1.31 to 78.51; 2 RCTs, 521 participants, low-quality evidence). There were no significant differences between ET and CMT in 30-day transient ischaemic attacks (TIA) (RR 0.52, 95% CI 0.11 to 2.35, P = 0.39; 2 RCTs, 181 participants, moderate-quality evidence), 30-day death (RR 5.53, 95% CI 0.98 to 31.17, P = 0.05; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, low-quality evidence), one-year TIA (RR 0.82, 95% CI 0.32 to 2.12; 2 RCTs, 181 participants, moderate-quality evidence), one-year death (RR 1.20, 95% CI 0.50 to 2.86, P = 0.68; 3 RCTs, 632 participants, moderate-quality evidence), and one-year dependency (RR 1.90, 95% CI 0.91 to 3.97, P = 0.09; 3 RCTs, 613 participants, moderate-quality evidence). No data on restenosis and health-related quality of life for meta-analysis were available from the included trials. Two RCTs are ongoing. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review provides moderate-quality evidence showing that ET, compared with CMT, in people with recent symptomatic severe intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis probably does not prevent recurrent stroke and appears to carry an increased hazard. The impact of delayed ET intervention (more than three weeks after a qualifying event) is unclear and may warrant further study.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Arteriosclerose Intracraniana/complicações , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angioplastia/efeitos adversos , Angioplastia/métodos , Viés , Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Isquemia Encefálica/mortalidade , Humanos , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/epidemiologia , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/etiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Fatores de Risco , Stents Metálicos Autoexpansíveis , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia
11.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2697-2704, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: In large artery occlusion stroke, both intravenous (IV) tPA (tissue-type plasminogen activator) and endovascular stroke treatment (EST) are standard-of-care. It is unknown how often tPA causes distal embolization, in which a procedurally accessible large artery occlusion is converted to a more distal and potentially inaccessible occlusion. METHODS: We analyzed data from a decentralized stroke telemedicine program in an integrated healthcare delivery system covering 21 hospitals, with 2 high-volume EST centers. We captured all cases sent for EST and examined the relationship between IV tPA administration and the rate of distal embolization, the rate of target recanalization (modified Treatment in Cerebral Infarction scale 2b/3), clinical improvement before EST, and short-term and long-term clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Distal embolization before EST was quite common (63/314 [20.1%]) and occurred more often after IV tPA before EST (57/229 [24.9%]) than among those not receiving IV tPA (6/85 [7.1%]; P<0.001). Distal embolization was associated with an inability to attempt EST: after distal embolization, 26/63 (41.3%) could not have attempted EST because of the new clot location, while in cases without distal embolization, only 8/249 (3.2%) were unable to have attempted EST (P<0.001). Among patients who received IV tPA, 13/242 (5.4%) had sufficient symptom improvement that a catheter angiogram was not performed; 6/342 (2.5%) had improvement to within 2 points of their baseline NIHSS. At catheter angiogram, 2/229 (0.9%) of patients who had received tPA had complete recanalization without distal embolization. Both IV tPA and EST recanalization were associated with improved long-term outcome. CONCLUSIONS: IV tPA administration before EST for large artery occlusion is associated with distal embolization, which in turn may reduce the chance that EST can be attempted and recanalization achieved. At the same time, some IV tPA-treated patients show symptomatic improvement and complete recanalization. Because IV tPA is associated with both distal embolization and improved long-term clinical outcome, there is a need for prospective clinical trials testing the net benefit or harm of IV tPA before EST.


Assuntos
Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/efeitos adversos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Angiografia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Infarto Cerebral/cirurgia , Feminino , Fibrinolíticos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Ativador de Plasminogênio Tecidual/uso terapêutico , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Stroke ; 51(9): e193-e202, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781941

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aim to examine effects of collateral status and post-thrombectomy reperfusion on final infarct distribution and early functional outcome in patients with anterior circulation large vessel occlusion ischemic stroke. METHODS: Patients with large vessel occlusion who underwent endovascular intervention were included in this study. All patients had baseline computed tomography angiography and follow-up magnetic resonance imaging. Collateral status was graded according to the criteria proposed by Miteff et al and reperfusion was assessed using the modified Thrombolysis in Cerebral Infarction (mTICI) system. We applied a multivariate voxel-wise general linear model to correlate the distribution of final infarction with collateral status and degree of reperfusion. Early favorable outcome was defined as a discharge modified Rankin Scale score ≤2. RESULTS: Of the 283 patients included, 129 (46%) had good, 97 (34%) had moderate, and 57 (20%) had poor collateral status. Successful reperfusion (mTICI 2b/3) was achieved in 206 (73%) patients. Poor collateral status was associated with infarction of middle cerebral artery border zones, whereas worse reperfusion (mTICI scores 0-2a) was associated with infarction of middle cerebral artery territory deep white matter tracts and the posterior limb of the internal capsule. In multivariate regression models, both mTICI (P<0.001) and collateral status (P<0.001) were among independent predictors of final infarct volumes. However, mTICI (P<0.001), but not collateral status (P=0.058), predicted favorable outcome at discharge. CONCLUSIONS: In this cohort of patients with large vessel occlusion stroke, both the collateral status and endovascular reperfusion were strongly associated with middle cerebral artery territory final infarct volumes. Our findings suggesting that baseline collateral status predominantly affected middle cerebral artery border zones infarction, whereas higher mTICI preserved deep white matter and internal capsule from infarction; may explain why reperfusion success-but not collateral status-was among the independent predictors of favorable outcome at discharge. Infarction of the lentiform nuclei was observed regardless of collateral status or reperfusion success.


Assuntos
Arteriopatias Oclusivas/patologia , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Infarto Cerebral/patologia , Infarto Cerebral/terapia , Circulação Colateral , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Angiografia por Tomografia Computadorizada , Feminino , Humanos , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/patologia , Infarto da Artéria Cerebral Média/terapia , Modelos Lineares , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reperfusão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Trombectomia , Resultado do Tratamento , Substância Branca/patologia
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237798, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32822396

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Transradial access is a well-known alternative to conventional transfemoral access for interventional procedures. Recently, transradial access through the "snuffbox", which lies in the radial dorsal aspect of the hand, has been introduced as a new technique with positional versatility. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical feasibility and safety of distal transradial access for interventional procedures in a retrospective, multicenter study. MATERIAL & METHODS: Distal transradial access was attempted in 46 patients (36 men and 10 women; mean age, 64 years) who underwent 47 consecutive procedures from January 2018 to December 2019. Procedures included chemoembolization (19/47, 40.4%), bronchial artery embolization (7/47, 14.9%), renal intervention (3/47, 6.4%), arteriovenous fistula angioplasty (7/47, 14.9%), subclavian artery stenting (5/47, 10.6%), other embolization (5/47, 10.6%), and uterine artery embolization (1/47, 2.1%). We recorded the success rate of the procedures, complications, and postprocedural hemostasis time during the follow-up period. RESULTS: The technical success of distal transradial access without major complications was 97.9% (46/47). Of the 46 patients, one patient (2.2%) had a minor complication, which was a thrombotic segmental occlusion of the distal radial artery. Of the enrolled patients, only one patient did not complete the transradial access procedure via the snuffbox because the left proximal subclavian artery was occluded and a crossover to conventional transfemoral access was performed. The mean postprocedural hemostasis time was 131.7 minutes (range, 120-360 minutes). CONCLUSION: Distal transradial access can be a valid option for the endovascular treatment of various noncoronary interventions with technical feasibility and safety.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Mãos/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Fístula Arteriovenosa/cirurgia , Embolização Terapêutica/efeitos adversos , Embolização Terapêutica/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Artéria Radial/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
16.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2742-2751, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We aimed to evaluate the impact of cortical microinfarcts (CMIs) on functional outcome after endovascular treatment in patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: In a multicenter registration study for RESCUE-RE (a registration study for Critical Care of Acute Ischemic Stroke After Recanalization), eligible patients with large vessel occlusion stroke receiving endovascular treatment, who had undergone 3T magnetic resonance imaging on admission or within 24 hours after endovascular treatment were analyzed. We evaluated the presence and numbers of CMIs with assessment of axial T1, T2-weighted images, and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery images. The primary outcome was functional dependence or death defined as modified Rankin Scale scores of 3 to 6 at 90 days. Secondary outcomes included early neurological improvement, any intracranial hemorrhage, symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage, and mortality. We investigated the independent associations of CMIs with the outcomes using multivariable logistic regression in overall patients and in subgroups. RESULTS: Among 414 patients (enrolled from July 2018 to May 2019) included in the analyses, 96 (23.2%) patients had at least one CMI (maximum 6). Patients with CMI(s) were more likely to be functionally dependent or dead at 90 days, compared with those without (55.2% versus 37.4%; P<0.01). In multivariable logistic regression analyses, presence of CMI(s) (adjusted odds ratio, 1.78 [95% CI, 1.04-3.07]; P=0.04) and multiple CMIs (CMIs ≥2; adjusted odds ratio, 7.41 [95% CI, 2.48-22.17]; P<0.001) were independently, significantly associated with the primary outcome. There was no significant difference between subgroups in the associations between CMI presence and the primary outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Acute large vessel occlusion stroke patients receiving endovascular treatment with CMI(s) were more likely to have a poor functional outcome at 90 days, independent of patients' characteristics. Such associations may be dose-dependent. Registration: URL: http://www.chictr.org.cn; Unique identifier: ChiCTR1900022154.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/cirurgia , Córtex Cerebral , Infarto Cerebral/complicações , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/complicações , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/cirurgia , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico por imagem , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Infarto Cerebral/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Hemorragias Intracranianas/etiologia , Angiografia por Ressonância Magnética , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Stroke ; 51(9): 2863-2871, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32811389

RESUMO

Transcarotid revascularization is an alternative to transfemoral carotid artery stenting, designed to avoid aortic arch manipulation and concomitant periprocedural stroke. This article aims to perform a detailed analysis on the quality of the currently available evidence on safety and efficacy of transcarotid artery revascularization. Although current evidence is promising, independent randomized controlled studies comparing transcarotid artery revascularization with carotid endarterectomy in recently symptomatic patients are lacking and will be necessary to establish the true value of transcarotid artery revascularization in carotid artery revascularization.


Assuntos
Artérias Carótidas/cirurgia , Revascularização Cerebral/efeitos adversos , Revascularização Cerebral/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Stents/efeitos adversos , Resultado do Tratamento , Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Segurança do Paciente
18.
Am J Cardiol ; 128: 181-188, 2020 08 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650917

RESUMO

Endovascular interventions are commonly utilized for treatment of femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease. The relative efficacy of these interventions remains unclear. A Bayesian network meta-analysis was performed comparing 5 endovascular treatment modalities: balloon angioplasty (BA), bare metal stent (BMS), covered stent (CS), drug-coated balloon (DCB), drug-eluting stent (DES) for femoropopliteal peripheral artery disease. The primary efficacy end points were freedom from target lesion revascularization (TLR) and primary patency at 12 months. BA was the reference treatment. Twenty-two trials including 4,381 participants provided data on TLR. Sixteen trials including 3,691 participants provided data on primary patency. Point estimates for DCB suggested that it was the most efficacious treatment for freedom from TLR (odds ratio [OR] 4.23; 95% credible intervals [CrI] 2.43 to 7.66) followed by CS (OR 3.65; 95% CrI 1.11 to 12.55), DES (OR 2.64; 95% CrI 0.72 to 9.77), and BMS (OR 2.3; 95% CrI 1.11 to 4.76). Similarly, point estimates for primary patency were highest with DES (OR 8.93; 95% CrI 3.04, 27.14) followed by CS (OR 3.91; 95% CrI 1.18, 13.84), DCB (OR 3.32; 95% CrI 1.8, 6.25), and BMS (OR 3.5; 95% CrI 1.58, 7.99). In conclusion, DCB has the lowest need for TLR whereas DES has the highest primary patency rate. DCB, CS, and BMS were associated with significant reductions in TLR compared with BA, whereas DCB, DES, CS, and BMS were associated with significantly improved primary patency compared with BA.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Artéria Femoral/cirurgia , Doença Arterial Periférica/cirurgia , Artéria Poplítea/cirurgia , Angioplastia com Balão/métodos , Teorema de Bayes , Stents Farmacológicos , Humanos , Cadeias de Markov , Método de Monte Carlo , Metanálise em Rede , Reoperação/estatística & dados numéricos , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular
19.
J Neurointerv Surg ; 12(9): 831-835, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32606103

RESUMO

To assess the impact of COVID-19 on neurovascular research and deal with the challenges imposed by the pandemic. METHODS: A survey-based study focused on randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and single-arm studies for acute ischemic stroke and cerebral aneurysms was developed by a group of senior neurointerventionalists and sent to sites identified through the clinical trials website (https://clinicaltrials.gov/), study sponsors, and physician investigators. RESULTS: The survey was sent to 101 institutions, with 65 responding (64%). Stroke RCTs were being conducted at 40 (62%) sites, aneurysm RCTs at 22 (34%) sites, stroke single-arm studies at 37 (57%) sites, and aneurysm single-arm studies at 43 (66%) sites. Following COVID-19, enrollment was suspended at 51 (78%) sites-completely at 21 (32%) and partially at 30 (46%) sites. Missed trial-related clinics and imaging follow-ups and protocol deviations were reported by 27 (42%), 24 (37%), and 27 (42%) sites, respectively. Negative reimbursements were reported at 17 (26%) sites. The majority of sites, 49 (75%), had put new trials on hold. Of the coordinators, 41 (63%) worked from home and 20 (31%) reported a personal financial impact. Remote consent was possible for some studies at 34 (52%) sites and for all studies at 5 (8%) sites. At sites with suspended trials (n=51), endovascular treatment without enrollment occurred at 31 (61%) sites for stroke and 23 (45%) sites for aneurysms. A total of 277 patients with acute ischemic stroke and 184 with cerebral aneurysms were treated without consideration for trial enrollment. CONCLUSION: Widespread disruption of neuroendovascular trials occurred because of COVID-19. As sites resume clinical research, steps to mitigate similar challenges in the future should be considered.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Isquemia Encefálica/diagnóstico , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Procedimentos Endovasculares/tendências , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Masculino , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia
20.
PLoS One ; 15(7): e0235656, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628724

RESUMO

AIM: To assess the feasibility and technical success of endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) of recurrent varicose veins arising from the former sapheno-femoral junction (SFJ). METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed all EVLA procedures treated in our institution by one surgeon between March 2019 and April 2020 and selected all consecutive cases with SFJ recurrence occuring after surgical high ligation and stripping or endovenous thermal ablation for incompetence of the great saphenous vein (GSV) in superficial venous insufficiency. The feasibility, technical success as determined by duplex ultrasound on the postoperative visit, complications and rate of endothermal heat-induced thrombosis (EHIT) were recorded. A subgroup definition was performed based on sonographic morphology of the recurrence and resulting strategy of ablation. RESULTS: Thirty-five limbs with SFJ recurrence in 34 patients were treated with EVLA in order to shut down the highest refluxing point. In 22 interventions, it was required to switch off a short stump or a neovascularization by direct puncture (Subgroup 1). In 13 treatments, the presence of residual GSV segments, or persistent, varicose transformed major tributaries like the anterior accessory great saphenous vein, enabled cannulation and advancing the laser fiber from distal to the former SFJ (Subgroup 2). The EVLA procedures could be successfully carried out in all 35 cases. There were no major complications, no thromboembolism or EHIT, and no local groin complications. In one case, the patient developed a phlebitic response that required temporary medication. Technical success was achieved with 34/35 treatments (97.1%). When comparing the subgroups, the morphological pattern of the SFJ recurrence and the resulting technique of puncture, cannulation and ablation did not influence the result. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this case series suggest that SFJ recurrences can also be successfully treated in situations where there are tortuous or short stumps that require direct puncture and ablation.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Endovasculares/métodos , Varizes/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Procedimentos Endovasculares/efeitos adversos , Estudos de Viabilidade , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Recidiva , Estudos Retrospectivos , Veia Safena/patologia , Insuficiência Venosa/patologia , Insuficiência Venosa/cirurgia
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