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1.
Foot Ankle Spec ; 13(5): 415-419, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32924585

RESUMO

Skin cancer is the most common cancer within the United States. Reports estimate that 1 in 5 Americans will develop some form of skin cancer. Eccrine porocarcinoma is a rare type of skin cancer of sweat gland origin. Eccrine porocarcinoma is most commonly found on the lower extremities. Clinically it may appear similar to benign skin lesions and it has significant metastatic potential. The authors present a case report with 22 months' follow-up. It describes a multiyear delay in diagnosis involving 3 specialties, including primary care, dermatology, and wound physical therapy. Information is given on techniques when high-risk cutaneous cancers are suspected or encountered. A multispecialty treatment plan is discussed.Levels of Evidence: Level V.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio/prevenção & controle , Porocarcinoma Écrino/diagnóstico , Porocarcinoma Écrino/cirurgia , Hallux/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sudoríparas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sudoríparas/cirurgia , Idoso , Amputação/métodos , Porocarcinoma Écrino/diagnóstico por imagem , Porocarcinoma Écrino/patologia , Humanos , Comunicação Interdisciplinar , Extremidade Inferior , Masculino , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Doenças Raras , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia Computadorizada de Emissão de Fóton Único , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sudoríparas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias das Glândulas Sudoríparas/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Nan Fang Yi Ke Da Xue Xue Bao ; 40(8): 1220-1224, 2020 Aug 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32895187

RESUMO

Orthopedic 3D printed surgical navigational template is an instrument that is prepared by 3D reconstruction based on preoperative radiological data of the patient using computer-aided design (CAD) and 3D printing techniques. The 3D printed navigational template allows accurate intra-operative assessment of the relative spatial distance, angular relationship, direction and depth. The application of 3D printed navigational template technique in orthopedics surgeries achieves the conversion of preoperative planning from 2/3D graphics to 3D models, and provides a new method for individualized and precise treatment. Herein we review the evolution, clinical application, and basic classification of 3D printed navigation template technique, analyze its advantages and disadvantages, and discuss the current problems and the future development of this technique.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Desenho Assistido por Computador , Humanos , Impressão Tridimensional
4.
PLoS One ; 15(9): e0238759, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32898179

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on orthopedic and trauma surgery in private practices and hospitals in Germany. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, an online-based anonymous survey was conducted from April 2th to April 16th 2020. SETTING: The survey was conducted among 15.0000 of 18.000 orthopedic and trauma surgeons in Germany, both in private practices and hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: All members of the German Society of Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery (DGOU) and the Professional Association for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery (BVOU). were invited by e-mail to participate in the survey. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Out of 50 questions 42 were designed to enquire a certain dimension of the pandemic impact and contribute to one of six indices, namely "Preparedness", "Resources", "Reduction", "Informedness", "Concern", and "Depletion". Data was analyzed in multiple stepwise regression, aiming to identify those factors that independently influenced the indices. RESULTS: 858 orthopedic and trauma surgeons participated in the survey throughout Germany. In the multiple regression analysis, being employed at a hospital was identified as an independent positive predictor in the indices for "Preparedness", "Resources", and "Informedness" and an independent negative predictor regarding "Depletion". Self-employment was found to be an independent positive predictor of the financial index "Depletion". Female surgeons were identified as an independent variable for a higher level of "Concern". CONCLUSIONS: The study confirms a distinct impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on orthopedic and trauma surgery in Germany. The containment measures are largely considered appropriate despite severe financial constraints. A substantial lack of personal protective equipment (PPE) is reported. The multiple regression analysis shows that self-employed surgeons are more affected by this shortage as well as by the financial consequences than surgeons working in hospitals. WHAT ARE THE NEW FINDINGS: The COVID-19 pandemic has a profound impact on orthopedic and trauma surgery as an unrelated specialty. Self-employed surgeons are affected especially by a shortage of PPE and financial consequences. HOW MIGHT IT IMPACT ON CLINICAL PRACTICE IN THE NEAR FUTURE: Political and financial support can now be applied more focused to subgroups in the field of orthopedics and trauma surgery with an increased demand for support. A special emphasis should be set on the support of self-employed surgeons which are a more affected by the shortage of PPE and financial consequences than surgeons working in hospitals.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Cirurgiões/psicologia , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Estudos Transversais , Assistência à Saúde , Feminino , Alemanha , Hospitais , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(4): 481-491, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950217

RESUMO

Patellar instability and associated patellar dislocation can result in significant pain, disability, and associated injuries in young athletes. The patellofemoral joint is a complex articulation with stabilizing restraints, both medially and laterally, that help guide the patella into the corresponding trochlear groove as the knee cycles through an extension-to-flexion arc. In addition to soft tissue injuries, many osseous aberrancies can contribute to patellar instability in young athletes, including trochlear dysplasia, patella alta, and axial and coronal plane abnormalities. There is a role for nonoperative treatment in these young athletes; however, if recurrent or associated injuries are identified surgical intervention is warranted. Correct diagnosis of the underlying cause of the patellar instability is paramount to developing a surgical plan that will yield the most favorable outcome for these young athletes.


Assuntos
Instabilidade Articular/etiologia , Luxação Patelar/complicações , Adolescente , Criança , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular/diagnóstico por imagem , Instabilidade Articular/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Luxação Patelar/diagnóstico por imagem , Luxação Patelar/cirurgia
7.
Orthop Clin North Am ; 51(4): 533-539, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32950223

RESUMO

The management of Achilles tendon rupture continues to be controversial in the everyday athlete; however, there is strong evidence indicating that surgical intervention is preferred in elite athletes due to the return of greater strength and peak torque. We review the published literature, as well as our operative technique and post-operative protocol in the management of Achilles tendon injuries in elite athletes.


Assuntos
Tendão do Calcâneo/lesões , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/cirurgia , Atletas , Humanos , Traumatismos dos Tendões/complicações , Traumatismos dos Tendões/reabilitação
8.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1248-1255, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862679

RESUMO

AIMS: The treatment of tibial aplasia is controversial. Amputation represents the gold standard with good functional results, but is frequently refused by the families. In these patients, treatment with reconstructive limb salvage can be considered. Due to the complexity of the deformity, this remains challenging and should be staged. The present study evaluated the role of femoro-pedal distraction using a circular external fixator in reconstructive treatment of tibial aplasia. The purpose of femoro-pedal distraction is to realign the limb and achieve soft tissue lengthening to allow subsequent reconstructive surgery. METHODS: This was a retrospective study involving ten patients (12 limbs) with tibial aplasia, who underwent staged reconstruction. During the first operation a circular hexapod external fixator was applied and femoro-pedal distraction was undertaken over several months. Subsequent surgery included reconstruction of the knee joint and alignment of the foot. RESULTS: The mean follow-up was 7.1 years (2 to 10). The mean age of the patients at the time of the application of the fixator was 2.3 years (1.1 to 5.0). The mean time under distraction was 139.7 days (81.0 to 177.0). A mean fibular distalization of 38.7 mm (14.0 to 67.0) was achieved. Pin infections occurred in four limbs (33.3%) and osteitis in one. A femoral fracture occurred in one patient. Premature removal of the frame was not required in any patient. Sufficient realignment of the leg as well as soft tissue lengthening was achieved in all patients, allowing subsequent reconstruction. All patients were able to mobilize fully weight bearing after reconstruction. Functional outcome was limited in all limbs, and five patients (50.0%) required additional reconstructive operations. CONCLUSION: Regarding the functional results in the treatment of tibial aplasia, amputation remains superior to limb salvage. The latter procedure should only be performed in patients whose parents refuse amputation. Femoro-pedal distraction efficiently prepares the limb by realigning the leg and soft tissue lengthening. Minor complications are frequent, but usually do not hinder the continuation of distraction. Even though a fully weight-bearing limb is achieved, the functional outcome of reconstructive treatment remains limited. Recurrent deformities frequently occur and may require further operations. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1248-1255.


Assuntos
Fixadores Externos , Osteogênese por Distração/métodos , Tíbia/anormalidades , Tíbia/cirurgia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Salvamento de Membro , Masculino , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos
9.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1242-1247, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862682

RESUMO

AIMS: Guided growth has been used to treat coxa valga for cerebral palsy (CP) children. However, there has been no study on the optimal position of screw application. In this paper we have investigated the influence of screw position on the outcomes of guided growth. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 61 hips in 32 CP children who underwent proximal femoral hemi epiphysiodesis between July 2012 and September 2017. The hips were divided into two groups according to the transphyseal position of the screw in the coronal plane: across medial quarter (Group 1) or middle quarter (Group 2) of the medial half of the physis. We compared pre- and postoperative radiographs in head-shaft angle (HSA), Reimer's migration percentage (MP), acetabular index (AI), and femoral anteversion angle (FAVA), as well as incidences of the physis growing-off the screw within two years. Linear and Cox regression analysis were conducted to identify factors related to HSA correction and risk of the physis growing-off the screw. RESULTS: A total of 37 hips in Group 1 and 24 hips in Group 2 were compared. Group 1 showed a more substantial decrease in the HSA (p = 0.003) and the MP (p = 0.032). Both groups had significant and similar improvements in the AI (p = 0.809) and the FAVA (p = 0.304). Group 1 presented a higher incidence of the physis growing-off the screw (p = 0.038). Results of the regression analysis indicated that the eccentricity of screw position correlated with HSA correction and increases the risk of the physis growing-off the screw. CONCLUSION: Guided growth is effective in improving coxa valga and excessive femoral anteversion in CP children. For younger children, despite compromised efficacy of varus correction, we recommend a more centered screw position, at least across the middle quarter of the medial physis, to avoid early revision. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1242-1247.


Assuntos
Parafusos Ósseos , Coxa Valga/cirurgia , Lâmina de Crescimento/cirurgia , Paralisia Cerebral/complicações , Criança , Coxa Valga/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(9): 1122-1127, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32862693

RESUMO

Evidence suggests that the alleviation of pain is enhancedby a strong patient-clinician relationship and attending to a patient's social and mental health. There is a limited role for medication, opioids in particular. Orthopaedic surgeons can use comprehensive biopsychosocial strategies to help people recover and can work with colleagues who have the appropriate expertise in order to maximize pain alleviation with optimal opioid stewardship. Preparing patients for elective surgery and caring for them after unplanned injury or surgery can benefit from planned and practiced strategies based in communication science. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(9):1122-1127.


Assuntos
Manejo da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória/terapia , Humanos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21468, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871869

RESUMO

Saline is a commonly used intravenous solvent, however, its excessive infusion may increase drug-induced sodium intake. To investigate the effects of saline infusion on blood pressure variability (BPV) in patients with hypertension, a retrospective study was performed in 1010 patients with hypertension. The patients who received saline infusion before surgery for continuous 3 to 5 days were divided into 2 groups according to the saline infusion volume during the hospitalization, which are >500 mL per day group and <500 mL per day group. The overall incidence of abnormal BPV was 11.58%. As for the incidence of abnormal BPV in the <500 mL per day group with 698 patients was 9.17%, while that in the >500 mL per day group with 312 patients was as high as 16.99%. Additionally, >500 mL of daily saline infusion for continuous 3 to 5 days (P for trend = .004, odds ratio [OR] = 1.911, 95% confidence interval [CI] for OR 1.226-2.977), medical history of diabetes mellitus (P < .001, OR = 4.856, 95% CI for OR 3.118-7.563) and cardiovascular diseases (P < .001, OR = 2.498, 95% CI for OR 1.549-4.029) may be risk factors of abnormal BPV; while anti-hypertensive therapy with diuretics (P < .001, OR = 0.055, 95% CI for OR 0.024-0.125) may be the protective factor. Our study suggests that >500 mL of daily saline infusion for continuous 3 to 5 days may have disadvantages in the blood pressure control for hypertensive patients, especially for the patients with diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Variação Biológica da População/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Solução Salina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/tendências , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Incidência , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Solução Salina/administração & dosagem
12.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(19): e860-e864, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732495

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the current study was to evaluate resident, fellow, and attending perspectives on the use of e-learning as part of orthopaedic surgery education. METHODS: A survey was created evaluating (1) overall attitudes toward e-learning, (2) multi-institutional e-learning/e-conferences, (3) national/regional e-conferences, and (4) future directions with e-learning. The survey was distributed to all the orthopaedic surgery residency program directors in the United States, and they were asked to circulate the survey to their program's faculty and trainees. RESULTS: A total of 268 responses were collected, including 100 attendings and 168 trainees. Overall satisfaction with e-learning compared with in-person learning was higher among trainees than attending faculty, with 51.4% of trainees favoring e-learning, as opposed to 32.2% of attendings (P = 0.006). Both groups felt they were more likely to pay attention with in-person learning (P = 0.89). During the COVID-19 pandemic, 85.7% of residents have used e-learning platforms to join a conference in their specialty of interest while off-service. Most attendings and trainees felt e-learning should play a supplemental role in standard residency/fellowship education, with a low number of respondents feeling that it should not be used (86.6% versus 84%, and 2.1% versus 0.6%, respectively, P = 0.28). CONCLUSION: E-learning has been an important modality to continue academic pursuits during the disruption in usual education and training schedules during the COVID-19 pandemic. Most trainees and attendings surveyed felt that e-learning should play a supplementary role in resident and fellow education moving forward. Although e-learning does provide an opportunity to hold multi-institutional conferences and makes participation in meetings logistically easier, it cannot fully replicate the dynamic interactions and benefits of in-person learning.


Assuntos
Instrução por Computador/métodos , Bolsas de Estudo/tendências , Internato e Residência/tendências , Ortopedia/educação , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Bolsas de Estudo/métodos , Feminino , Previsões , Humanos , Internato e Residência/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Ortopedia/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Quarentena/psicologia , Estados Unidos
13.
Scand J Rheumatol ; 49(4): 267-270, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Substantial changes in the handling of patients with inflammatory arthritis have occurred during the past half century. Polyarticular psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been treated with the same synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but for PsA there is less documentation regarding their effect. For biologic DMARDs, evidence of effect is more convincing. We have previously investigated the risk of orthopaedic surgery in patients with RA and PsA to see whether the change in treatment over time has improved the long-term outcome of inflammatory arthritis. For RA, patients diagnosed from 1999 onwards had a lower risk of surgery than patients diagnosed in earlier years. For PsA, the risk of surgery did not change similarly. We wished to compare RA patients to PsA patients with regard to medical and surgical treatment. METHOD: We compared a historic cohort of 1010 RA patients diagnosed in 1972-2009 to a historic cohort of 590 PsA patients diagnosed in 1954-2011. RESULTS: PsA patients received significantly less medical treatment both in the first year of disease and during the disease course. Risk of surgery during the disease course was lower for PsA than for RA (20% vs 31%). The risk of surgery in RA patients diagnosed from 1999 onwards was similar to that of PsA patients. CONCLUSIONS: PsA patients received less intensive treatment than RA patients. Their prognosis, regarding orthopaedic surgery, was also less severe. Contrary to RA, the change in treatment did not have beneficial effects regarding the risk of orthopaedic surgery.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/cirurgia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Orthopedics ; 43(5): 292-294, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745217

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a strong impact on the care of orthopedic patients. This impact has been particularly difficult in New York State, which experienced the largest number of COVID-19 cases and led to a state- mandated pause on all elective surgeries. As a result, physical and occupational therapists became the principal providers of care and had to adjust their workflow to ensure quality care. Understanding the perspectives and needs of therapists relative to the circumstances created by COVID-19 is critical to safe and effective care. The goal of this study was to define the perspectives of therapists in New York State regarding the impact of COVID-19 on their work. An email-based 20-question survey was distributed to 250 therapists from all 10 regions of New York State who treated outpatient orthopedic patients during the peak of the pandemic in early April 2020. The survey collected demographic and practice information as well as responses regarding several clinical practice issues. The results provide insight into the concerns of therapists regarding the delivery of care, and responses clarify indications for therapy and for the use of telemedicine to achieve goals during the pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic is profoundly impacting the work of therapists worldwide. Therapists responded to this survey expressing concerns about the safe delivery of care, access to personal protective equipment, use of telemedicine, and their role within health care during the pandemic. The results of this study can be used to establish guidelines for safe, effective, and efficient therapy during the pandemic. [Orthopedics. 2020;43(5):292-294.].


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/reabilitação , Ortopedia/tendências , Pacientes Ambulatoriais , Fisioterapia/tendências , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Telerreabilitação/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/reabilitação , Correio Eletrônico , Humanos , New York/epidemiologia , Exposição Ocupacional , Terapia Ocupacional , Pandemias , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telerreabilitação/estatística & dados numéricos
15.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): e633-e641, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732651

RESUMO

Over recent months, coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has swept the world as a global pandemic, largely changing the practice of medicine as it was previously known. Physician trainees have not been immune to these changes-uncertainty during this time is undeniable for medical students at all levels of training. Of particular importance is the potential impact of COVID-19 on the upcoming residency application process for rising fourth-year students; a further source of added complexity in light of the newly integrated allopathic and osteopathic match in the 2020 to 2021 cycle. Owing to the impact COVID-19 could have on the residency match, insight regarding inevitable alterations to the application process and how medical students can adapt is in high demand. Furthermore, it is very possible that programs will inquire about how applicants spent their time while not in the hospital because of COVID-19, and applicants should be prepared to provide a meaningful answer. Although competitive at a basal level, the complexity of COVID-19 now presents an unforeseen, superimposed development in the quest to match. In this article, we aim to discuss and provide potential strategies for navigating the impact of COVID-19 on the residency application process for orthopaedic surgery.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Internato e Residência , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Seleção de Pessoal , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
16.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): e679-e685, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732660

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In response to COVID-19, American medical centers have enacted elective case restrictions, markedly affecting the training of orthopaedic residents. Residencies must develop new strategies to provide patient care while ensuring the health and continued education of trainees. We aimed to describe the evolving impact of COVID-19 on orthopaedic surgery residents. METHODS: We surveyed five Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education-accredited orthopaedic residency programs within cities highly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic about clinical and curricular changes. An online questionnaire surveyed individual resident experiences related to COVID-19. RESULTS: One hundred twenty-one resident survey responses were collected. Sixty-five percent of the respondents have cared for a COVID-19-positive patient. One in three reported being unable to obtain institutionally recommended personal protective equipment during routine clinical work. All programs have discontinued elective orthopaedic cases and restructured resident rotations. Most have shifted schedules to periods of active clinical duty followed by periods of remote work and self-isolation. Didactic education has continued via videoconferencing. DISCUSSION: COVID-19 has caused unprecedented changes to orthopaedic training; however, residents remain on the front lines of inpatient care. Exposures to COVID-19 are prevalent and residents have fallen ill. Programs currently use a variety of strategies to provide essential orthopaedic care. We recommend continued prioritization of resident safety and necessary training accommodations.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina , Internato e Residência , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Cidades , Humanos , Pandemias , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho
17.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): 617-627, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732653

RESUMO

Suprascapular neuropathy is a potential source of shoulder pain and functional limitation that can present secondary to various etiologies including entrapment or compression. Cystic lesions arising from a labral or capsular tear can compress the nerve along its course over the scapula. Nerve traction is theorized to arise from chronic overhead athletics or due to a retracted rotator cuff tear. The diagnosis of suprascapular neuropathy is based on a combination of a detailed history, a comprehensive physical examination, imaging, and electrodiagnostic studies. Although the anatomic course and variations in bony constraint are well understood, the role of surgical treatment in cases of suprascapular neuropathy is less clear. Recent reviews on the topic have shed light on the outcomes after the treatment of suprascapular neuropathy because of compression, showing that surgical release can improve return to play in well-indicated patients. The incidence of compressive neuropathy is quite high in the overhead athletic cohort, but most patients do not show clinically relevant deficiencies in function. Surgical release is therefore not routinely recommended unless patients with pain or deficits in strength fail appropriate nonsurgical treatment.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/cirurgia , Escápula/inervação , Humanos , Síndromes de Compressão Nervosa/complicações , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Traumatismos dos Nervos Periféricos/complicações , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/etiologia , Dor de Ombro/etiologia
18.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): e642-e650, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732655

RESUMO

Trigger finger (TF) is one of the most common causes of hand disability. Immobilization of TF with a joint-blocking orthosis has been demonstrated to effectively relieve pain and improve function. The efficacy of steroid injections for TF varies based on the number of affected digits and the clinical severity of the condition. Up to three repeat steroid injections are effective in most patients. When conservative interventions are unsuccessful, open surgical release of the A1 pulley effectively alleviates the subjective and objective manifestations of TF and currently remains the benchmark procedure for addressing TF. Although several studies have emerged suggesting that a percutaneous approach may result in improved outcomes, this technique demands a learning curve that may predispose patients to higher risk of procedure-related complications. There is no role for preoperative antibiotics in patients who undergo elective soft-tissue procedures of the hand. WALANT anesthesia has gained popularity because it has been associated with improved patient outcomes and a clear cost savings; however, proper patient selection is critical. Similar to other soft-tissue hand procedures, TF surgery rarely necessitates a postoperative opioid prescription.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Dedo em Gatilho/cirurgia , Corticosteroides/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Anestesia Local/economia , Anestesia Local/métodos , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/uso terapêutico , Tratamento Conservador , Redução de Custos , Mãos/cirurgia , Humanos , Imobilização/métodos , Injeções Intralesionais , Curva de Aprendizado , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/economia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/educação , Dedo em Gatilho/diagnóstico , Dedo em Gatilho/terapia
19.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): e651-e661, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732656

RESUMO

Fractures of the carpus can be debilitating injuries and often lead to chronic pain and dysfunction when not properly treated. Although scaphoid fractures are more common, fractures of the other carpal bones account for nearly half of all injuries of the carpus. Often missed on initial presentation, a focused physical examination with imaging tailored to the suspected injury is needed to identify these fractures. In addition to plain radiographs, advanced imaging such as CT and MRI are helpful in diagnosis and management. Treatment of carpal fractures is based on the degree of displacement, stability of the fracture, and associated injuries. Those that require surgical fixation often affect the congruency of the articular surfaces, are unstable, are at risk for symptomatic nonunion, are associated with notable ligamentous injury, or are causing nerve or tendon entrapment. Surgical strategies involve percutaneous Kirschner wires, external fixation, screws and/or plates, excision, or fusion for salvage. Owing to the intimate articulations in the hand, small size of the carpal bones, and complex vascular supply, carpal fracture complications include symptomatic nonunion, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic arthritis.


Assuntos
Ossos do Carpo/lesões , Ossos do Carpo/cirurgia , Fixação de Fratura/métodos , Fraturas Ósseas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Osso Escafoide/lesões , Osso Escafoide/cirurgia , Artrite/etiologia , Placas Ósseas , Parafusos Ósseos , Fios Ortopédicos , Ossos do Carpo/irrigação sanguínea , Fraturas Ósseas/complicações , Humanos , Osteonecrose , Terapia de Salvação
20.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): 639-649, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the utilization rate and most common reasons for presentation to the emergency department (ED) after elective outpatient hand surgery and to determine preoperative risk factors for these ED visits. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective hand surgery at an ambulatory surgery center between 2014 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated using the New York and Florida State Databases. The primary outcome was all-cause 7- and 30-day ED utilization rates. Reasons for presentation to the ED were recorded and manually stratified. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of ED utilization. RESULTS: From 2014 to 2015, 212,506 procedures were identified; the 7- and 30-day ED visit rates were 1.8% and 4.4%, respectively. Postoperative pain was the most common cause of an ED visit after outpatient hand surgery at 7 days (25.4%) and 30 days (16.1%) postoperatively. Overall, 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain were subsequently discharged home. After controlling for confounding, comorbid congestive heart failure, chronic lung disease, diabetes, renal failure, schizophrenia, and depression were independent risk factors for an ED visit at up to 30 days postoperatively. Those with Medicare insurance were 94% more likely to present to the ED within 30 days than those with private health insurance, whereas those with Medicaid were more than three times as likely to present to the ED as those with private insurance. DISCUSSION: ED utilization after outpatient hand surgery is low, with postoperative pain being the most common cause of an ED visit at all time points. Nearly 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain are subsequently discharged home. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Retrospective Cohort.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mãos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
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