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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33672294

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has put an enormous burden on healthcare systems. As a direct consequence, many elective procedures were cancelled and available resources were relocated to emergencies and COVID-19 patients. We aimed to analyze the impact on orthopedic surgery in Romania. We performed a retrospective analysis of orthopedics and trauma cases admitted over the first six months of 2019 and 2020 in three representative clinics. In total, there were 1900 patients: 1241 from Timisoara, 216 from Cluj-Napoca, and 443 from Bucharest. In April, activity for all cases in the regional trauma center dropped to 23.8% and stopped in the other two. No arthroscopies or elective joint replacements were performed in April. By June, hospital admissions resumed for trauma cases while arthroscopies and joint replacements still lagged behind.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Ortopedia , Humanos , Pandemias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Romênia/epidemiologia
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(10): e24030, 2021 Mar 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33725816

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: The aim of the study was to determine if multiple intraspinal anomalies increase the risk of scoliosis correction compared to the normal intraspinal condition or 1 or 2 intraspinal anomalies in congenital scoliosis (CS) and whether correction for multiple intraspinal anomalies need to be performed with preliminary neurosurgical intervention before scoliosis correction.A total of 318 consecutive CS patients who underwent corrective surgery without preliminary neurosurgical intervention at a single institution from 2008 to 2016 were retrospectively reviewed, with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. The patients were divided into 3 groups according to different intraspinal conditions. In the normal group (N group; n = 196), patients did not have intraspinal anomalies. In the abnormal group (A group; n = 93), patients had 1 or 2 intraspinal anomalies. In the multiple anomaly group (M group; n = 29), patients had 3 or more intraspinal anomalies including syringomyelia, split cord malformation [SCM], tethered cord, low conus, intraspinal mass, Chiari malformation or/and arachnoid cyst. The occurrence of complications as well as perioperative and radiographic data were analyzed.The incidence rate of multiple intraspinal anomalies in CS patients was 9.1% (29/318). No significant difference was observed in the perioperative outcomes or radiographic parameters at the final follow-up. There were no significant differences among the 3 groups in the total, major or neurological complication rates (all P > .05). Two patients (1 in the N group and 1 in the A group) experienced transient neurological complications, whereas no patient experienced permanent neurological deficits during surgery or follow-up.To our knowledge, the current study reported the largest cohort of intraspinal anomalies in patients with CS that has been reported in the literature. The results of our study demonstrated that patients with congenital scoliosis associated with intraspinal anomalies, even multiple intraspinal anomalies that coexist with more complex intraspinal pathologies, may safely and effectively achieve scoliosis correction without preliminary neurological intervention. More complex intraspinal pathologies do not seem to increase the risk of neurosurgical complications during corrective surgery.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Escoliose/cirurgia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/complicações , Medula Espinal/anormalidades , Anormalidades Múltiplas/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/normas , Procedimentos Neurocirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/normas , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Escoliose/complicações , Escoliose/congênito , Escoliose/epidemiologia , Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/epidemiologia , Doenças da Medula Espinal/cirurgia , Coluna Vertebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Coluna Vertebral/cirurgia , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
J Orthop Surg Res ; 16(1): 154, 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33627154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to dramatic disruptions to orthopedic services. The purpose of this study is to quantify the reinstatement of elective orthopedic surgeries of our institution in Shanghai, China, and share our first-hand experiences of how this region is managing the post-outbreak period. METHODS: The number of patients receiving elective orthopedic surgeries was analyzed in the timeframe of 8 months since the start of the pandemic (from January 20 to September 16) and compared with the patients receiving the same treatment during the same period in 2019. And a detailed workflow for handling patients about to receive elective surgeries in the COVID-19 post-outbreak period was described. RESULTS: The number of the selective surgeries in the first 3 months only accounted for 31.72% of the same period in 2019 (p = 0.0031), and the ratio reached 97.47% when it came to the last 5 months (p > 0.9999). The selective surgeries even surpassed the pre-epidemic level in months 7 and 8. And the difference of the surgeries was not significant in the whole eight observed months between 2019 and 2020 (p = 0.1526). No health care providers or hospitalized patients in orthopedic departments in Shanghai have been infected nosocomially. CONCLUSIONS: Elective orthopedic surgeries have been fully recovered from the COVID-19 pandemic in our institution, and the new normalcy established during the post-outbreak period helped this region co-exist with the impact of the virus well. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Retrospectively registered, registration number: ChiCTR2000039711 , date of registration: November 6, 2020.


Assuntos
Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , China , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos
4.
Isr Med Assoc J ; 23(2): 71-75, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33595209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) crisis has affected how hospitals work and has had an effect on orthopedic surgery. OBJECTIVES: To compare patient management and low-energy and high-energy trauma treatment at two orthopedic trauma units during the COVID-19 crisis and to clarify resource demands and preparedness in orthopedic clinics during the state of emergency caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: This retrospective study was conducted at two orthopedic trauma units from 14 March 2019 to 14 April 2019 and from 14 March 2020 to 14 April 2020. RESULTS: The proportion of patients admitted in the multi-trauma orthopedic unit decreased by one-third, the mean time interval from admission to surgery significantly decreased, and the number of surgeries and mean length of stay in hospital decreased in 2020 compared to the same test period in 2019. In the orthopedic trauma unit, the number of patients and surgeries also decreased. CONCLUSIONS: Our study highlights changes in orthopedic injury characteristics in two orthopedic units during the COVID-19 crisis in Latvia and compares these changes to data from the same time period one year earlier.


Assuntos
Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros de Traumatologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Letônia , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sistema Musculoesquelético/lesões , Sistema Musculoesquelético/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
5.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-196566

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: La pandemia por COVID-19 ha supuesto el confinamiento de aproximadamente un tercio de la población mundial, provocando un cambio drástico en las actividades de la vida diaria con enorme impacto sanitario, económico y social. OBJETIVOS: El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar las variaciones epidemiológicas en la producción de fracturas en el período de confinamiento obligatorio en nuestra población de referencia. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Estudio analítico retrospectivo comparativo de dos grupos de pacientes: Grupo A: personas ingresadas antes del estado de alarma que obligó al confinamiento en el período del 13 enero al 13 de marzo vs. Grupo B: individuos atendidos durante los dos meses de confinamiento, hasta que comenzó la desescalada, período del 13 marzo al 13 mayo. Se registraron variables epidemiológicas, incluyendo edad, antecedentes personales, tipo de fractura, mecanismo de lesión, porcentaje de ambulatorización y estancia hospitalaria. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron un total de 190 pacientes. En el período de pre-confinamiento 112 y en el confinamiento 78 (disminución del 30%). La edad media (p = 0,007) y las caídas en domicilio (p < 0,001) fueron mayores en este último grupo. La estancia hospitalaria postoperatoria (p = 0,006) y global (p < 0,001) resultaron significativamente menores en el mismo grupo. No se encontraron diferencias en la localización anatómica de la lesión, el sexo, las comorbilidades, el mecanismo de lesión, la tasa de ambulatorización ni el éxitus. CONCLUSIONES: Con base en los resultados de nuestro estudio, el período de confinamiento forzoso por la pandemia de COVID-19 ha producido una drástica disminución del número total de fracturas ingresadas en el servicio de traumatología de un hospital de tercer nivel. Por otro lado, las fracturas osteoporóticas de cadera que requirieron tratamiento quirúrgico no variaron en número y se ha constatado un decremento de la estancia media postoperatoria y global


INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has led to the confinement of approximately one third of the world population, causing a drastic change in the activities of daily life with many repercussions at the health, economic and social levels. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present work is to present the epidemiological variations in the production of fractures in the period of mandatory confinement in our reference population. METHODS: Analytical retrospective comparative study of two groups of patients: Group A: patients admitted before the state of alarm that forced confinement in the period from January 13 to March 13 compared to Group B: patients admitted in the two months of confinement, until the de-escalation period began, March 13-May 13. Epidemiological variables including age, personal history, type of fracture, mechanism of injury, outpatient rate, and hospital stay were recorded. RESULTS: A total of 190 patients were included. 112 in the pre-confinement period and 78 in the confinement (30% decrease). The mean age (p = 0.007) and falls at home (p < 0.001) were higher in the confinement group. The postoperative (p = 0.006) and overall (p < 0.001) hospital stay were significantly less in the confinement group. No differences were found in the anatomical location of the lesion, sex, comorbidities, mechanism of injury, outpatient rate, or death. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the results of our study, the period of forced confinement due to the COVID-19 pandemic has produced a drastic decrease in the total number of fractures admitted to the traumatology service of a third level hospital. On the other hand, osteoporotic hip fractures have not varied in their incidence and a decrease in the average postoperative and overall stay has been observed


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Lactente , Pré-Escolar , Criança , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Pandemias , Isolamento Social , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fraturas Ósseas/epidemiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espanha/epidemiologia
6.
Hand Surg Rehabil ; 40(2): 139-144, 2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33309793

RESUMO

The aims of this study were to evaluate the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on emergency and elective hand surgery in four Italian regions that had either a high (Lombardy and Piemonte) or a low (Sicilia and Puglia) COVID-19 case load to discuss problems and to elaborate strategies to improve treatment pathways. A panel of hand surgeons from these different regions compared and discussed data from the centers they work in. The COVID-19 pandemic had an enormous impact on both elective and emergency surgery in Italy, not only in highly affected regions but also - and paradoxically even at a higher extent - in regions with a low COVID-19 case load. A durable and flexible redesign of hand surgery activities should be promoted, while changing and hopefully increasing human resources and enhancing administrative support. Telematics must also be implemented, especially for delivering rehabilitation therapy.


Assuntos
/epidemiologia , Mãos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , /estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Admissão e Escalonamento de Pessoal/organização & administração , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/organização & administração , Modalidades de Fisioterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Pós-Operatórios , Inquéritos e Questionários , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos
7.
Clin Sports Med ; 40(1): 213-220, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33187611

RESUMO

As the COVID-19 (Coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic continues, the paradigm of treatment continues to rapidly evolve, especially for sports medicine surgeons, because treatment before the pandemic was considered predominantly elective. This article provides subjective and objective data on the changes implicated by the COVID-19 pandemic with regard to the interactions and practices of sports medicine surgeons. This perspective also considers the potential impact on the patients and athletes treated by sports medicine surgeons. This article discusses the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on sports medicine and provides thoughts on how the landscape of the field may continue to change.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Medicina Esportiva/métodos , Cirurgiões/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos
8.
Orthopedics ; 43(6): 351-355, 2020 Nov 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33211903

RESUMO

This study was performed to analyze the effect that coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) has had on orthopedic surgeons' practices, their patients, and orthopedic surgeons themselves through a survey distributed to members of the Louisiana Orthopaedic Association (LOA). An anonymous 22-question online survey was created and distributed to 323 LOA members. Of the 323 recipients of the survey, 99 (30.7%) responded. As a part of a multiple response set, in which respondents could choose more than one answer, the majority reported delayed care for routine orthopedic injuries (81 of 97, 83.5%). Almost every surgeon (n=95, 96.0%) reported stopping or delaying elective surgery because of COVID-19 and an increase in pain/disability/deformity in patients due to delay in elective procedures (73 of 97, 75.3%) and delay in seeking care (66 of 97, 68.0%). The majority reported an increased use of telehealth visits (68 of 97, 70.1%), a decrease in patient volume (88 of 97, 90.7%), and a reduction in income (79 of 98, 80.6%) during the past 6 months. A majority of surgeons (58 of 98, 59.2%) reported that they had applied for government assistance or took out loans. Via a multiple response set, respondents indicated that as a result of the pandemic, telehealth will become more widespread (64 of 98, 65.3%) and hospitals will exert a stronger influence over health care (64 of 98, 65.3%). The COVID-19 pandemic has had lasting effects on orthopedic surgeons in Louisiana and their practices, with a substantial decrease in the number of patients treated (90.5%), surgical volume, and revenue (80.6%). Orthopedic surgeons affected by the pandemic could use these data to further understand future challenges with patient care and changing orthopedic practice dynamics during this unique time. [Orthopedics. 2020;43(6):351-355.].


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica , Betacoronavirus , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Administração Hospitalar , Humanos , Renda , Louisiana/epidemiologia , Masculino , Cirurgiões Ortopédicos/economia , Pandemias , Consulta Remota
9.
Ital J Pediatr ; 46(1): 149, 2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33032650

RESUMO

The rapid spread of the COVID-19 outbreak in Italy has dramatically impacted the National Healthcare System, causing the sudden congestion of hospitals, especially in Northern Italy, thus imposing drastic restriction of almost all routine medical care. This exceptional adaptation of the Italian National Healthcare System has also been felt by non-frontline settings such as Pediatric Orthopaedic Units, where the limitation or temporary suspension of most routine care activities met with a need to maintain continuity of care and avoid secondary issues due to the delay or suspension of the routine clinical practice. The Italian Society of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Traumatology formulated general and specific recommendations to face the COVID-19 outbreak, aiming to provide essential care for children needing orthopaedic treatments during the pandemic and early post-peak period, ensure safety of children, caregivers and healthcare providers and limit the spread of contagion.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle , Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Saúde do Trabalhador/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Ortopedia/normas , Segurança do Paciente , Pediatria/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas , Traumatologia/normas
10.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0240083, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33085681

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Difficulties accessing surgical care (e.g., related to wait times, cancellations, cost, receiving a diagnosis) are understudied in Canada. Using population-based data, we studied difficulty accessing non-emergency surgical care, including (1) the incidence and annual changes in incidence, (2) types of difficulties, and (3) associated factors (e.g., sociodemographics, surgery characteristics). METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the Canadian Community Health Survey annual components were analyzed from 2005-2014. Weighted frequencies established the annual incidence of difficulty accessing surgical care, and total incidence of types of difficulties. Chi-square analyses, independent samples t-tests, and a multivariable logistic regression examined sociodemographic and surgery-related characteristics associated with difficulty accessing surgical care. RESULTS: Among individuals who required past-year non-emergency surgery between 2005-2014 (weighted n = 3,052,072), 15.6% experienced difficulty accessing surgical care. The most common difficulty was "waited too long for surgery" (58.5%). There were significant differences in the incidence of difficulty according to year (Χ2 = 83.50, p < .001) from 2005-2014. The incidence of difficulty accessing surgery varied according to sex (Χ2 = 4.02, p < .05), surgery type (Χ2 = 96.09, p < .001), party responsible for cancellation/postponement (Χ2 range: 4.36-19.01, p < .05), and waiting time (t = 10.59, p < .001). In particular, males, orthopedic surgery, and surgery cancelled by the surgeon or hospital had the highest rates of difficulty. CONCLUSION: Results provide insight into the difficulties experienced by patients accessing elective surgery, and the associated factors. These results may inform targeted healthcare interventions and resource reallocation to reduce these occurrences.


Assuntos
Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Operatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Canadá , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Listas de Espera
11.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 64(5): 318-325, sept.-oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-197610

RESUMO

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las infecciones osteoarticulares representan una complicación mayor en cirugía ortopédica. Se pretende identificar el porcentaje de cánulas de succión colonizadas y determinar la relación entre el tiempo de uso en cirugía y la colonización de estas. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Estudio descriptivo y prospectivo que analiza 546 cánulas de succión utilizadas en cirugía ortopédica limpia en un centro de trauma, entre noviembre del 2017 a marzo del 2018. El extremo distal de la cánula fue cultivado para determinar la proporción de colonización. RESULTADOS: El 7,3% de las cánulas cultivadas tuvieron cultivos positivos para gérmenes patógenos, de los cuales el más frecuente fue Staphylococcus epidermidis con 27,5%. Además, se encontró asociación entre la colonización y el tiempo de uso de la cánula. La posibilidad de colonización de cánulas usadas entre 60 minutos o más, es mayor que en las que se usaron menos de 60 minutos; entre 60 y 90 minutos la posibilidad es dos veces mayor OR= 2,2 (IC:95% 1,1 - 4,1) y en las cánulas usadas por más de 90 minutos es 8 veces mayor OR= 8,49 (IC:95% 1,77 - 40,86). CONCLUSIONES: La proporción de colonización de las cánulas es menor a lo reportado en la literatura. El mayor tiempo de uso de la cánula en la cirugía aumenta el riesgo de la colonización de estas. Se considera realizar estudios de seguimiento para determinar si la colonización de las cánulas de succión se asocia a un incremento de infección postoperatoria


INTRODUCTION: Osteoarticular infections represent a major complication in orthopaedic surgery. The aim is to identify the percentage of suction cannulas colonised and to determine the relationship between the time they are used in surgery and the colonisation of these cannulas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Descriptive and prospective study that analysed 546 suction cannulas used in clean orthopaedic surgery in a trauma centre, between November 2017 and March 2018. The distal end of the cannula was cultured to determine the colonisation rate. RESULTS: 7.3% of the cultured cannulas were positive for pathogens, the most frequent being Staphylococcus epidermidis at 27.5%. In addition, an association was found between colonisation and the length of time the cannula was used. The possibility of colonisation of cannulas used for between 60minutes or more, is greater than those used for less than 60 minutes; between 60 and 90 minutes the possibility is twice as high OR= 2.2 (CI:95% 1.1 - 4.1) and in cannulas used for more than 90 minutes it is 8 times higher OR= 8.49 (CI:95% 1.77 - 40.86). CONCLUSIONS: The colonisation rate of cannulas is lower than reported in the literature. The longer the cannula is used in surgery increases the risk of their colonisation. Follow-up studies are being considered to determine whether suction cannula colonisation is associated with increased postoperative infection


Assuntos
Humanos , Cânula/microbiologia , Sucção/instrumentação , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Ósseas Infecciosas/cirurgia , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana/métodos , Infecções Relacionadas a Cateter/microbiologia , Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolamento & purificação , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/microbiologia
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21468, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871869

RESUMO

Saline is a commonly used intravenous solvent, however, its excessive infusion may increase drug-induced sodium intake. To investigate the effects of saline infusion on blood pressure variability (BPV) in patients with hypertension, a retrospective study was performed in 1010 patients with hypertension. The patients who received saline infusion before surgery for continuous 3 to 5 days were divided into 2 groups according to the saline infusion volume during the hospitalization, which are >500 mL per day group and <500 mL per day group. The overall incidence of abnormal BPV was 11.58%. As for the incidence of abnormal BPV in the <500 mL per day group with 698 patients was 9.17%, while that in the >500 mL per day group with 312 patients was as high as 16.99%. Additionally, >500 mL of daily saline infusion for continuous 3 to 5 days (P for trend = .004, odds ratio [OR] = 1.911, 95% confidence interval [CI] for OR 1.226-2.977), medical history of diabetes mellitus (P < .001, OR = 4.856, 95% CI for OR 3.118-7.563) and cardiovascular diseases (P < .001, OR = 2.498, 95% CI for OR 1.549-4.029) may be risk factors of abnormal BPV; while anti-hypertensive therapy with diuretics (P < .001, OR = 0.055, 95% CI for OR 0.024-0.125) may be the protective factor. Our study suggests that >500 mL of daily saline infusion for continuous 3 to 5 days may have disadvantages in the blood pressure control for hypertensive patients, especially for the patients with diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Variação Biológica da População/fisiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Solução Salina/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Determinação da Pressão Arterial/tendências , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Incidência , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/métodos , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Solução Salina/administração & dosagem
14.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 146(2): 177e-186e, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32740586

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence-based practices in medicine are linked with a higher quality of care and lower health care cost. For trigger finger, identifying patient factors associated with nonadherence to evidence-based practices will aid physicians in treatment decisions. The objectives were to (1) determine patient factors associated with treatment nonadherence, (2) examine the success rates of steroid injections, and (3) evaluate the economic consequences of nonadherence to treatment recommendations. METHODS: The authors used data from the Clinformatics DataMart database from 2010 to 2017 to conduct a population-based analysis of patients with single-digit trigger finger. The authors calculated rates of steroid injection success and examined associations between injection success and patient factors using chi-square tests. In addition, the authors analyzed differences in the cost to the insurer, the cost to the patient, and total cost. RESULTS: A total of 29,722 patients were included in this analysis. Injection success rates were similar for diabetic (72 percent) and nondiabetic patients (73 percent), women (73 percent), and men (73 percent). Nonetheless, diabetics (OR, 1.4; 95 percent CI, 1.4 to 1.5; p < 0.001) and women (OR, 1.2; 95 percent CI, 1.1 to 1.2; p < 0.001) were significantly more likely to receive nonadherent treatment. In total, $23 million (U.S. dollars) were spent on nonadherent trigger finger care. CONCLUSIONS: Diabetics and women have increased odds of having surgery without a prior steroid injection, despite similar success rates of steroid injections compared to nondiabetics and men. Because performing surgical release before any steroid injections may represent a higher cost treatment option, providers should provide steroid injections before surgery for all patients regardless of diabetes status or sex to minimize overtreatment. CLINICAL QUESTION/LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Risk, III.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/economia , Cooperação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Dedo em Gatilho/terapia , Idoso , Custos e Análise de Custo/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/economia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/métodos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Seguimentos , Glucocorticoides/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Injeções Intralesionais/economia , Injeções Intralesionais/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Resultado do Tratamento , Dedo em Gatilho/economia
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(32): e21679, 2020 Aug 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32769937

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Syndesmotic injuries account for a significant number of ankle injuries. There is no consensus regarding the recommended method of treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate: METHODS:: This study was performed and reported in accordance with the Strengthening the Reporting of Observational studies in Epidemiology checklist. The records of 200 patients with ankle fractures who had undergone surgical treatment in our clinics between January 2014 and January 2018 were retrospectively investigated. This retrospective cohort study was approved by the institutional review board in the 2nd Hospital of Jilin University. The primary outcome measure was the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society ankle-hindfoot scale and the Foot Function Index. Secondary outcome measures included visual analog scale score, complications, range of movement of ankle, reoperations, and radiologic outcomes. For statistical comparison of the clinical and radiologic findings between the 2 groups, we used SPSS, version 21.0 (SPSS, Chicago, IL), statistical software. P Values of < .05 were considered statistically significant. CONCLUSION: The hypothesis was that the SB technique would achieve better functional outcomes as compared to the syndesmotic screw technique after surgery. TRIAL REGISTRATION: This study protocol was registered in Research Registry (researchregistry5793).


Assuntos
Articulação do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Traumatismos do Tornozelo/cirurgia , Articulação do Tornozelo/anormalidades , Articulação do Tornozelo/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Imobilização/instrumentação , Imobilização/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Scand J Rheumatol ; 49(4): 267-270, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32757727

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Substantial changes in the handling of patients with inflammatory arthritis have occurred during the past half century. Polyarticular psoriatic arthritis (PsA) has been treated with the same synthetic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but for PsA there is less documentation regarding their effect. For biologic DMARDs, evidence of effect is more convincing. We have previously investigated the risk of orthopaedic surgery in patients with RA and PsA to see whether the change in treatment over time has improved the long-term outcome of inflammatory arthritis. For RA, patients diagnosed from 1999 onwards had a lower risk of surgery than patients diagnosed in earlier years. For PsA, the risk of surgery did not change similarly. We wished to compare RA patients to PsA patients with regard to medical and surgical treatment. METHOD: We compared a historic cohort of 1010 RA patients diagnosed in 1972-2009 to a historic cohort of 590 PsA patients diagnosed in 1954-2011. RESULTS: PsA patients received significantly less medical treatment both in the first year of disease and during the disease course. Risk of surgery during the disease course was lower for PsA than for RA (20% vs 31%). The risk of surgery in RA patients diagnosed from 1999 onwards was similar to that of PsA patients. CONCLUSIONS: PsA patients received less intensive treatment than RA patients. Their prognosis, regarding orthopaedic surgery, was also less severe. Contrary to RA, the change in treatment did not have beneficial effects regarding the risk of orthopaedic surgery.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Psoriásica/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Psoriásica/cirurgia , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Reumatoide/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
J Am Acad Orthop Surg ; 28(15): 639-649, 2020 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32732657

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the utilization rate and most common reasons for presentation to the emergency department (ED) after elective outpatient hand surgery and to determine preoperative risk factors for these ED visits. METHODS: Patients who underwent elective hand surgery at an ambulatory surgery center between 2014 and 2015 were retrospectively evaluated using the New York and Florida State Databases. The primary outcome was all-cause 7- and 30-day ED utilization rates. Reasons for presentation to the ED were recorded and manually stratified. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify independent predictors of ED utilization. RESULTS: From 2014 to 2015, 212,506 procedures were identified; the 7- and 30-day ED visit rates were 1.8% and 4.4%, respectively. Postoperative pain was the most common cause of an ED visit after outpatient hand surgery at 7 days (25.4%) and 30 days (16.1%) postoperatively. Overall, 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain were subsequently discharged home. After controlling for confounding, comorbid congestive heart failure, chronic lung disease, diabetes, renal failure, schizophrenia, and depression were independent risk factors for an ED visit at up to 30 days postoperatively. Those with Medicare insurance were 94% more likely to present to the ED within 30 days than those with private health insurance, whereas those with Medicaid were more than three times as likely to present to the ED as those with private insurance. DISCUSSION: ED utilization after outpatient hand surgery is low, with postoperative pain being the most common cause of an ED visit at all time points. Nearly 98% of patients presenting to the ED for postoperative pain are subsequently discharged home. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level III, Retrospective Cohort.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Ambulatórios/estatística & dados numéricos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Mãos/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Estudos de Coortes , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dor Pós-Operatória , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
20.
Injury ; 51(10): 2142-2147, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654849

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The COVID -19 outbreak has had a profound effect on the management of healthcare service provision in the UK. Orthopaedic departments have been no exception to this and have needed to adapt to the changing circumstances by releasing resources and focusing on 'essential' activity. The aim of this study is to quantify the reduction in trauma and, in addition, describe any changes in the type of referrals to the trust which may have been affected by the pandemic itself and the social distancing measures employed by the UK government. METHODS: The study was performed in a UK District Hospital which is also a Trauma Unit providing trauma and orthopaedic care to a population of 625,000 people. The trust based electronic database of trauma referrals was used to compare the numbers of, and types of referral to our trauma service during the COVID-19 pandemic and the corresponding time periods in the previous 3 years. RESULTS: The mean number of referrals per week to the service reduced by 33% in the time period following the confirmation of the outbreak as a pandemic (p<0.0001). Number of operations performed per week reduced by 26% (p = 0.001). There was no change in the number of referrals relating to domestic abuse or non-accidental injury. In addition, numbers of hip fractures, periprosthetic fractures and prosthetic joint dislocations were unchanged. There was a significant reduction in the number of referrals for simple fractures, native joint dislocations, wounds and soft tissue injuries. Within the paediatric population, similarly, a reduction in simple fracture referrals was demonstrated. DISCUSSION: An association between the outbreak of the pandemic and a reduction in referral numbers to our department has been demonstrated. The direct cause of this may be multifactorial but proposing that it is, in part, due to the social distancing measures introduced by the government is certainly conceivable. The patterns of injury would reflect this also with low energy and fragility trauma persisting whilst injuries associated with younger people have reduced. We would suggest that information such as this could be useful in healthcare planning and resource allocation in future pandemic situations.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Ortopedia/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Carga de Trabalho , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Hospitais de Distrito , Hospitais Gerais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Encaminhamento e Consulta/estatística & dados numéricos , Reino Unido
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