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2.
Rev. psicanal ; 26(3): http://revista.sppa.org.br/index.php/RPdaSPPA/article/view/467/486, dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049977

RESUMO

O presente artigo apresenta o relato da atividade Rodas de conversa: o enfrentamento da desigualdade através da arte, realizada no I Simpósio Vulnerabilidade Social e Psicanálise da SPPA, que é resultado do trabalho interinstitucional construído há quatorze anos entre a Secretaria Municipal da Educação (SMED), o Projeto Pescar e a Sociedade Psicanalítica de Porto Alegre (SPPA). Nesta atividade sobre arte e psicanálise, tanto a música quanto a poesia são colocadas como possibilidades de construção de narrativas mais flexíveis, onde a violência urbana pode ser pensada, promovendo novos atravessamentos e discussões entre pessoas nos espaços coletivos existentes na nossa cidade (AU)


This paper presents the report of the activity Conversation circles: the confrontation of inequality through art, held at the 1st SPPA Social Vulnerability and Psychoanalysis Symposium, which is the result of the interinstitutional work built fourteen years ago between City Education Department of Porto Alegre (SMED), Pescar Project and Porto Alegre Psychoanalytical Society (SPPA). In this activity about art and psychoanalysis, music and poetry are placed as a possibility of building more flexible narratives, where urban violence can be thought, promote new intersections and discussions between people in collective spaces in our city


Este artículo presenta el informe de Ruedas de conversación: la confrontación de la desigualdad a través del arte, celebrado en el I Simposio de Vulnerabilidad Social y Psicoanálisis de la SPPA, que es el resultado del trabajo interinstitucional construido hace catorce años entre la Secretaría Municipal de Educación (SMED), el Proyecto Pescar y la Sociedad Psicoanalítica de Porto Alegre (SPPA). En esta actividad sobre arte y psicoanálisis, la música y la poesía se colocan como una posibilidad de construir narrativas más flexibles, donde se pueda pensar la violencia urbana, promover nuevas intersecciones y discusiones entre personas en espacios colectivos de nuestra ciudad


Assuntos
Segregação Social , Teoria Psicanalítica , Relações Raciais , Distância Social , Estimulação Acústica , Comportamento Problema , Processos Grupais
3.
Rev. psicanal ; 26(3): http://revista.sppa.org.br/index.php/RPdaSPPA/article/view/466/485, dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049728

RESUMO

O trabalho aborda a experiência desenvolvida há 9 anos na Sigmund Freud Associação Psicanalítica, denominada SIG Intervenções Psicanalíticas, que promove intervenções clínico-políticas nos locais onde pessoas em sofrimento solicitam escuta. Os grupos de escuta e de testemunho constituem modalidades grupais do trabalho, agindo junto a sujeitos que sofrem violência com efeitos traumáticos e que vivem em situações de exclusão e vulnerabilidade. Tais grupos oferecem espaços de fala, onde a circulação da palavra transforma o sofrimento individualizado em coletivo, assim como o encontro com o outro promove a ressignificação da experiência e reinscrição social. Discute a maneira através da qual os mecanismos de silenciamento e desmentido que mantem o não dito levam à repetição que obstaculiza a ação ética e a mudança. O racismo é discutido como pano de fundo da desigualdade no Brasil e como fator determinante para a reprodução de políticas de violência de Estado (AU)


The work addresses the experience being developed from 9 years in the Sigmund Freud Psychoanalytic Association, called SIG Psychoanalytic Interventions, which promotes clinical-political interventions in places where people in distress request listening. The listening and witnessing groups constitutes group work modalities for subjects who suffer violence, with traumatic effects and live in situations of exclusion and vulnerability. They offer speech spaces, where the word circulation transforms individualized suffering into collective, and the encounter with the other promotes the re-signification of the experience and its social reinscription. It discusses how the silencing and denial mechanisms that hold the unsaid lead to repetition that hinders ethical action and change. Racism is discussed as the background of inequality in Brazil and a factor that supports the reproduction of State violence policies


El trabajo aborda la experiencia que se desarrolla hace 9 años en la Sigmund Freud Asociación Psicoanalítica, que se denomina SIG Intervenciones Psicoanalíticas y promociona las intervenciones clínico-políticas en lugares en los que las personas en sufrimiento solicitan la escucha. Los grupos de escucha y testimonio constituyen modalidades grupales de trabajo actuando con sujetos que sufren violencia, con efectos traumáticos y viven en situaciones de exclusión y vulnerabilidad. Ofrecen espacios de habla, donde la circulación de la palabra transforma el sufrimiento individualizado en colectivo, y el encuentro con el otro, la resignificación de la experiencia y la reinscripción social. Discute, además, cómo los mecanismos de silenciamiento y desmentida que sostienen lo no dicho llevan a la repetición que dificulta la acción ética y el cambio. El racismo se discute como el trasfondo de la desigualdad en Brasil y factor determinante para la reproducción de las políticas de violencia


Assuntos
Racismo , Pobreza , Violência , Processos Grupais
5.
J Forensic Leg Med ; 68: 101873, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31627125

RESUMO

Learning about forensic sciences is a crucial part of the formation of professionals working in medicine and health areas; this includes a range of coverage from legal-medical cases to forensic autopsies. However, knowledge of forensics by medical students is limited, because the teaching focus has been on the fundamentals of procedures in this field. To develop the necessary skills, specific support, and targeted learning tasks should be designed to enable the integration of interdisciplinary work in processes, infrastructure, and equipment used in a high-quality-forensic investigation. The innovative educational experience of the Crime Scene Investigation CSI Lab was a week-long activity using the pedagogical strategy of Challenge-Based Learning. It addresses the problem that students need training in an authentic setting. The intervention, in September 2017, included 33 students from different disciplines such as medicine, law, and marketing. They participated in various learning settings in multidisciplinary teams and were challenged by experts from the State Institute for Forensic Sciences to analyze specific processes. The outcomes of the CSI Lab implementations provided evidence of how the students benefited from the experience. The results showed that 80% of the teams had an excellent approach to the solution, justification of the proposal and feasibility assessment. However, only 60% achieved a solution that met the requirements. The educational process was assessed by their perceptions of the educational strategy of the CSI Lab experience. The results indicated that 88.9% of the students believed that the experience broadened their perspectives on forensic sciences. 73.1% thought that the design of the activities, visits, and plenaries added value to their academic training, and 88.9% found it to be interesting. Regarding whether or not the activities helped the participants to understand and perform a legal-medicine investigation, 92.6% believed that it did help them recognize and understand the interventional areas and processes necessary for the investigation. CONCLUSION: Students demonstrated high acceptance of the context-rich design of the practical activities and educational experiences that were grounded in active learning. The effect on curriculum design is that the interactions and interdisciplinarity of the programs must be assessed, as these experiences could motivate them to engage in solving the social challenges of the 21st century.


Assuntos
Medicina Legal/educação , Modelos Educacionais , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Estudantes , Avaliação Educacional , Processos Grupais , Humanos , México , Projetos Piloto , Universidades
6.
Br J Nurs ; 28(18): S24-S27, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31597068

RESUMO

A group of continence care experts attended a round table to identify best practice for awarding a contract for disposable continence products. Here, Tracy Cowan, JWC Consultant Editor, describes the outcomes.


Assuntos
Serviços Contratados/organização & administração , Tampões Absorventes para a Incontinência Urinária , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Incontinência Urinária/enfermagem
7.
J Sports Sci ; 37(24): 2844-2852, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31543005

RESUMO

We draw on the concept of the shared mental model to explain the cross-level direct and moderating effects of team trust on the relationship between coach transformational leadership and cohesion. Using hierarchical linear modelling, we analysed 597 national level high school and university volleyball players to test our research model. Our results revealed that, (a) at the individual level, coach transformational leadership has a positive effect on athletes' perceptions on cohesion and (b) team trust, a group-level construct, is positively related to social cohesion and moderates the coach transformational leadership-cohesion relationship. The moderating effect demonstrates that the positive effect of coach transformational leadership on cohesion could be enhanced when high levels of team trust are shared within the group. Implications for coach education and sport psychology in terms of theory and research are discussed.


Assuntos
Atletas/psicologia , Relações Interpessoais , Liderança , Confiança , Adolescente , Feminino , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Modelos Lineares , Masculino , Modelos Psicológicos , Adulto Jovem
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547475

RESUMO

The transactive memory system is known as an effective group cognitive system as well as a knowledge-sharing structure for organizations to keep competitive advantages in today's dynamic and knowledge-based business environment. However, its influence at the individual level remains vague. The purpose of this study is to explore the influence of a transactive memory system (TMS) on individual career resilience through the theoretical perspective of conservation of resources theory (COR). This research proposes and examines a moderated mediation model that elaborates how a transactive memory system affects individual career resilience. A two-stage empirical study was conducted among 328 employees from companies in China. The findings suggest that a transactive memory system significantly influences individual career resilience positively, and employee taking-charge behavior plays a mediating role in that relationship. Furthermore, the results supported our moderated mediation model, which indicates that individuals with high self-promotion motives are more likely to engage in taking-charge behavior than those with low self-promotion motives, and the former reported higher career resilience than the latter eventually. Theoretical and practical implications are also provided in the discussion section.


Assuntos
Comportamento Cooperativo , Emprego , Processos Grupais , Memória , Desempenho Profissional , China , Humanos
9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31514312

RESUMO

In real life, garbage has caused great pollution to the environment. A garbage classification system is an effective way to manage this issue, and is an innovation in Shanghai, China. Innovation diffusion is the topic of this paper. This study uses a mathematical statistics method to formulate individual bounded rationality, and uses the specific graph structure of a scale-free network to characterize group structure. Then, a model of group behavior is constructed and the simulation experiment is run on the Python platform. The results show that: (1) In the case of general cognitive ability and high value innovation, most individuals in the group will accept the innovation in the process of innovation dissemination in a garbage classification system after several rounds of the game; (2) it is more helpful to improve the cognitive ability of individuals and the true value of innovation for the diffusion of innovation; and (3) the larger a group, the greater the scope of innovation diffusion and the more time is needed. It is helpful to expand the scope and reduce the time of innovation diffusion by increasing connections among individuals. The innovation of this study is the characterization of individual bounded rationality, which has a certain theoretical value. Meanwhile, the research results of this paper have important practical significance for the promotion of garbage classification, which can be used to popularize the concept of garbage classification.


Assuntos
Cognição , Difusão de Inovações , Processos Grupais , Modelos Teóricos , Gerenciamento de Resíduos , China , Poluição Ambiental/prevenção & controle , Resíduos de Alimentos , Humanos , Comportamento Social
10.
J Consult Clin Psychol ; 87(9): 787-801, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Loneliness is a key public health issue for which various interventions have been trialed. However, few directly target the core feature of loneliness-lack of belonging. This is the focus of Groups 4 Health (G4H), a recently developed intervention that targets the development and maintenance of social group memberships to support health. METHOD: To investigate the efficacy of this intervention, a randomized controlled trial was conducted with participants (N = 120) assigned to G4H or treatment-as-usual (TAU) by computer software. Assessment of primary (loneliness) and secondary (depression, social anxiety, general practitioner visits, multiple group membership) outcomes was conducted at baseline and 2-month follow-up using mixed-model repeated-measures analyses. RESULTS: G4H produced a greater reduction in loneliness (d = -1.04) and social anxiety (d = -0.46) than TAU (d = -0.33 and d = 0.03, respectively). G4H was also associated with fewer general practitioner visits at follow-up (d = -0.33) and a stronger sense of belonging to multiple groups (d = 0.52) relative to TAU (d = 0.30 and d = 0.33, respectively). Depression declined significantly in both G4H (d = -0.63) and TAU (d = -0.34), but follow-up analyses showed this was greater in G4H among those not receiving adjunct psychopharmacological treatment and whose symptoms were milder. CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that G4H can be a useful way to treat loneliness and highlight the importance of attending to group memberships when tackling this important social challenge. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Processos Grupais , Solidão , Psicoterapia/métodos , Identificação Social , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fobia Social/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
11.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e143, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407977

RESUMO

De Dreu and Gross offer novel solutions to discouraging attackers via political sanctions. We offer insights from social psychological and criminological research on when such sanctions would work and when they could backfire. We argue that the influence of such sanctioning ultimately rests upon the extent to which such authorities can claim to represent the society that they serve.


Assuntos
Processos Grupais , Identificação Social
12.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e134, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407980

RESUMO

Many modern-day groups differ from prehistoric ones regarding the proportion of members who are related to any particular individual. From an evolutionary mismatch lens, an appreciation of this disparity could help better explain the potential dilution of group cohesion during peacetime and inform novel, more effective approaches to enhancing group unity - strategies that might enhance national security around the globe.


Assuntos
Processos Grupais , Relações Interpessoais , Evolução Biológica
13.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e138, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407992

RESUMO

There is a large body of research on conflict in nonhuman animal groups that measures the costs and benefits of intergroup conflict, and we suggest that much of this evidence is missing from De Dreu and Gross's interesting article. It is a shame this work has been missed, because it provides evidence for interesting ideas put forward in the article.


Assuntos
Processos Grupais , Animais , Humanos , Pesquisa
14.
Behav Brain Sci ; 42: e133, 2019 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31407993

RESUMO

We focus on the implications of De Dreu and Gross's findings for the evolutionary perspective on out-group aggression and in-group cooperation. Although their experimental protocols are potentially useful in determining the origins of out-group aggression in humans, they so far provide inconclusive evidence only. We suggest ways of furthering our understanding of the connection between parochial cooperation and intergroup conflict.


Assuntos
Agressão , Comportamento Cooperativo , Processos Grupais , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370325

RESUMO

Drawing on Dragoni's cross-level model of state goal orientation, this research aims to examine the cross-level mediating effect of team goal orientation on the relationships between interteam cooperation and competition and three forms of boundary activities. Study 1 tested the proposed mediating relationships by collecting survey data from 249 members of 45 South Korean work teams. Additionally, we conducted a two-wave longitudinal study (Study 2) on 188 undergraduate students to replicate the relationships between three types of team goal orientation and their relevant forms of boundary activities. In Study 1, we found positive associations between interteam cooperation and team learning goal orientation, and between interteam competition and team performance-prove and performance-avoid goal orientations. Team learning and performance-prove goal orientations were positively related to boundary spanning and reinforcement. As predicted, team learning goal orientation had a stronger relationship with boundary spanning than team performance-prove goal orientation, whereas team performance-prove goal orientation had a stronger relationship with boundary reinforcement than team learning goal orientation. While team learning goal orientation mediated the relationship between interteam cooperation and boundary spanning and reinforcement, team performance-prove goal orientation mediated the relationship between interteam competition and boundary spanning and reinforcement. The results of Study 2 demonstrated the positive lagged effects of team performance-prove goal orientation on boundary reinforcement and of team performance-avoid goal orientation on boundary buffering.


Assuntos
Comportamento Competitivo , Comportamento Cooperativo , Metas , Processos Grupais , Relações Interpessoais , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Motivação , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370366

RESUMO

The social network has emerged as an essential component in group decision making (GDM) problems. Thus, this paper investigates the social network GDM (SNGDM) problem and assumes that decision makers offer their preferences utilizing additive preference relations (also called fuzzy preference relations). An optimization-based approach is devised to generate the weights of decision makers by combining two reliable resources: in-degree centrality indexes and consistency indexes. Based on the obtained weights of decision makers, the individual additive preference relations are aggregated into a collective additive preference relation. Further, the alternatives are ranked from best to worst according to the obtained collective additive preference relation. Moreover, earthquakes have occurred frequently around the world in recent years, causing great loss of life and property. Earthquake shelters offer safety, security, climate protection, and resistance to disease and ill health and are thus vital for disaster-affected people. Selection of a suitable site for locating shelters from potential alternatives is of critical importance, which can be seen as a GDM problem. When selecting a suitable earthquake shelter-site, the social trust relationships among disaster management experts should not be ignored. To this end, the proposed SNGDM model is applied to evaluate and select earthquake shelter-sites to show its effectiveness. In summary, this paper constructs a novel GDM framework by taking the social trust relationship into account, which can provide a scientific basis for public emergency management in the major disasters field.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Planejamento em Desastres , Terremotos , Abrigo de Emergência , Processos Grupais , Rede Social , Consenso , Planejamento em Desastres/métodos , Planejamento em Desastres/organização & administração , Abrigo de Emergência/métodos , Abrigo de Emergência/organização & administração , Humanos , Modelos Teóricos , Confiança
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31430842

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate students' perception of team-based learning (TBL) amongst a cohort who was exposed to this methodology for the first time at an university in the United Kingdom . METHODS: Between November and December 2018, 26 first year Master of Pharmacy and 90 second year B.Sc. Biomedical Science students of School of Life Sciences, University of Sussex, United Kingdom were invited to participate and requested to complete a questionnaire that contained quantitative and qualitative questions. The quantitative component was based on the team-based-learning student assessment instrument (TBL-SAI) instrument. It additionally contained questions about key student characteristics. RESULTS: The response rate was 60% (70/116), 74% (n=52) were females and 26% (n=18) males. The percentage of agreement in the TBL-SAI suggested a favourable response to TBL. The overall mean score for the TBL-SAI was 115.6 (SD 5.6) [maximum score: 140] which was above the threshold of 102, thus suggesting a preference for TBL. Statistically significant differences were not found according to demographics characteristics. Students who predicted a final result of ≥70% strongly agreed that TBL help improve their grades. Some students highlighted issues with working in teams and only 56% of students agreed that they could learn better in a team setting. CONCLUSION: This study shows that students exposed to TBL for the first-time favour several aspects of it. However, more focused strategies including team-building exercises activities and expert facilitation skills could potentially tackle resistance to working in teams.


Assuntos
Processos Grupais , Aprendizagem , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Estudantes de Farmácia/psicologia , Currículo , Avaliação Educacional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudantes de Medicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Reino Unido , Universidades
18.
Forensic Sci Int ; 302: 109910, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421920

RESUMO

This case report describes novel methodology used to identify a 43-year-old post-mortem photo of a drowned male recovered from a London river in the 1970s. Embedded in an array of foils, police super-recognisers (n=25) possessing superior simultaneous face matching ability, and police controls (n=139) provided confidence ratings as to the similarity of the post-mortem photo to an ante-mortem photo of a man who went missing at about the same time. Indicative of a match, compared to controls, super-recognisers provided higher ratings to the target than the foils. Effects were enhanced when drawing on the combined wisdom of super-recogniser crowds, but not control crowds. These findings supported additional case evidence allowing the coroner to rule that the deceased male and missing male were likely one and the same person. A description of how similar super-recogniser wisdom of the crowd procedures could be applied to other visual image identification cases when no other method is feasible is provided.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Face , Processos Grupais , Fotografação , Teoria Psicológica , Adulto , Afogamento , Medicina Legal , Humanos , Masculino , Polícia
19.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(2): 123-133, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184737

RESUMO

We develop and test a cross-level model of team focus on positive and negative discretionary team member behaviors. Using data collected from 405 team members across 76 teams and 15 organizations, we find that team focus is positively associated with interpersonal and organizational citizenship behaviors, and negatively associated with interpersonal deviance. We also find that team focus is positively associated with team members" level of action identification. Exploratory analyses suggest that team members" level of action identification might mediate the relationships between team focus, organizational citizenship, interpersonal deviance, and organizational deviance, respectively. We also find that real teams do not distinguish between outcome and process focus like lab and student teams do. Theoretical and managerial implications are discussed


Desarrollamos y probamos un modelo transversal de enfoque del grupo sobre las conductas discrecionales positivas y negativas de los miembros del grupo. Usando datos de 405 miembros de equipo en 76 equipos y 15 organizaciones encontramos que el enfoque del equipo está asociado positivamente con los comportamientos cívicos interpersonales y organizacionales y negativamente con la desviación interpersonal. También encontramos que el enfoque del equipo se asocia positivamente con el nivel de identificación de las acciones por parte de los miembros del equipo. Los análisis exploratorios sugieren que el nivel de identificación de la acción podría mediar las relaciones entre el enfoque del equipo, el civismo organizacional, la desviación interpersonal y la desviación organizacional, respectivamente. También encontramos que los equipos reales no distinguen entre el enfoque de proceso y resultado como ocurre con los equipos de laboratorio y de estudiantes. Se discuten las implicaciones teóricas y para los managers


Assuntos
Humanos , Comportamento Social , Identificação Social , Grupo Social , Processos Grupais , Formação de Conceito , Sociedade Civil , Grupos Focais
20.
Hu Li Za Zhi ; 66(4): 29-39, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Taiwan has the highest incidence and prevalence of dialysis in the world. The literature suggests that severity of depression at the beginning of dialysis treatment is an independent predictor of survival. Depression significantly worsens the condition of chronic renal disease patients, with the adverse consequences of depression including increased mortality and hospitalization rates as well as poor compliance and quality of life. Given the importance of this problem, providing safe and effective information and good nursing care to dialysis patients is urgently needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of implementing health promotion education groups on self-perceived depression, hope, and quality of life in dialysis patients. METHODS: Dialysis patients who met the study criteria and had provided consent to participate in the health promotion education group were randomly assigned to either the treatment group (20 persons) or the control group (20 persons). In the control group, routine dialysis treatment and nursing care were maintained. In addition to receiving routine dialysis treatment and nursing care, the experimental group participated in health promotion education group activities for 90 minutes, twice a week for a total of 8 sessions. The quantitative data from both groups and the qualitative data analysis of the experimental group were used to assess the effects of the intervention. RESULTS: The results showed that the intervention had significantly improved self-perceived depression, hope, and quality of life in the experimental group. The participants indicated that the health promotion education group had helped them learn to adapt to their physical conditions, change their mindset, learn to regard happiness as the purpose of life, and maintain hope and increase mutual support in the face of difficulties. CONCLUSIONS / IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: This study demonstrated that the cross-disciplinary integrated care provided through health promotion education groups is able to significantly improve depression, hope, and quality of life in dialysis patients. Thus, health promotion education groups arranged by the case management nurses for dialysis patients have the potential to promote mental health and quality of life in these patients. Therefore, continuing education is recommended to strengthen the awareness and knowledge of dialysis case management nurses with regard to applying integrated cross-disciplinary care in health promotion education groups and to promoting the implementation of these groups in the holistic care of dialysis patients.


Assuntos
Depressão/prevenção & controle , Processos Grupais , Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Esperança , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Diálise Renal/psicologia , Humanos , Diálise Renal/enfermagem , Taiwan
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