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1.
Revista Espaço para a Saúde ; 20(1): [75-86], jun.2019. tab, ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008006

RESUMO

Trata-se de revisão da literatura com o objetivo de identificar pelas evidências na literatura como é realizada a avaliação do profissionalismo nos cursos de enfermagem no período de 2014- 2018. Foi realizada a busca dos artigos na base de dados PubMed, utilizando os descritores Profissionalism, Evaluation, Nursing.Selecionaram-se 8 artigos conforme os critérios de inclusão e a análise destes permitiu a identificação de 5 categorias que subsidiaram a discussão sobre as formas de avaliar profissionalismo nos cursos de enfermagem. Os resultados apresentaram distintas formas de avaliação, como o impacto dos modelos de avaliação, os métodos de aprendizagem que estimulam atitudes dos estudantes, a avaliação dos comportamentos e atitudes dos docentes em sala de aula ou em campo de prática e a avaliação das instituições formadoras, incluindo a forma como instituem o profissionalismo em seus currículos e planejamentos de aprendizagem.


Assuntos
Avaliação Educacional , Profissionalismo
2.
Nurse Educ Pract ; 37: 39-44, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31071546

RESUMO

Practicums help nursing students to become familiar with nursing roles and to acquire a proper understanding of nursing behavior, functions, and values. Initial clinical practice experiences are highly important, especially for first-year nursing students, in terms of professional socialization. The aim of this study was to explore the initial experiences of first-year nursing students during clinical practices. This study was designed as a qualitative study based on Heidegger's hermeneutic phenomenological approach. The data were collected from diaries written by 12 first-year nursing students on their first clinical experiences. The obtained data were analyzed using van Manen's thematic analysis, the results of which helped to identify four themes: Conflict between feelings and professionalism, Trying to act like a nurse, Growth through challenges, and Care outcomes. Although the students experienced some emotional conflicts on the first clinical practice days, by the end of the term, they had achieved many accomplishments, including personal development, satisfaction with caring, and a feeling of belongingness. It was found that they needed support from the faculty and nurses to develop a caring vision and professional identity. While the students' initial nursing experiences seemed to be satisfactory, it can nonetheless be recommended that educators and nurses adopt approaches that serve to facilitate students' professional socialization.


Assuntos
Empatia , Papel do Profissional de Enfermagem/psicologia , Profissionalismo , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Feminino , Hermenêutica , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Socialização
3.
6.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(15): e119, 2019 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001936

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patient-centered care (PCC) and integrative care approach are widely advocated. However, their implementation usually requires an extended consultation time. Despite significant advances in medical diagnosis and treatment, no studies have examined consultation time and patient centeredness in Korea. METHODS: We conducted a "15-Minute Consultation" for first-time patients in outpatient clinics of 13 departments. A control group was selected from the same physicians' first-time patients, adjusting for age and gender. A total of 275 patients were selected for receiving in-depth consultation and 141 control patients were selected for regular consultation. Data were collected from patients using a questionnaire comprising a patient-centeredness scale and items on potential predictors such as socio-demographic and clinical factors. We also investigated the participating physician's professionalism. RESULTS: As compared to the control group, the in-depth consultation group scored higher on 5 variables associated with PCC, including (patients' perception of) medical professionals, wait and consultation times, treatment, patient advocacy, and patient satisfaction. While 92.4% of patients in the in-depth consultation group reported that the consultation time was sufficient, only 69.0% of those in the control group reported the same (P < 0.01). In the in-depth consultation group, scores on satisfaction level were the highest for the department of internal medicine, followed by departments of surgery and pediatrics. Participating physicians' improved satisfaction following the intervention proved that in-depth consultation facilitated building a rapport with patients. CONCLUSION: This study illustrated that the provision of sufficiently long consultation for serious and rare diseases could improve PCC and physicians' professionalism. Health authorities should reshuffle the healthcare delivery system and provide sufficient consultation time to ensure PCC and medical professionalism.


Assuntos
Encaminhamento e Consulta , Adolescente , Adulto , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Defesa do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente , Assistência Centrada no Paciente , Profissionalismo , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Centros de Atenção Terciária , Adulto Jovem
7.
Rev. enferm. Inst. Mex. Seguro Soc ; 27(2): 116-121, Abr-Jun 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1015325

RESUMO

Introducción: Los resultados de las investigaciones en sistemas y servicios de salud trascienden el alcance de los objetivos previstos. Su gestión permite el cierre del ciclo investigativo y es para los profesionales de enfermería en Cuba uno de los retos a vencer en la visualización de su práctica investigativa. Por ello, se desarrolló una experiencia de la práctica que contribuyó a la consolidación de la gestión de los resultados de las investigaciones en sistemas y servicios de salud por los profesionales de enfermería en Cuba. Desarrollo: Se llevaron a cabo talleres con el objetivo de desarrollar en los profesionales de enfermería cubanos las capacidades institucionales e individuales para la gestión de los resultados de las investigaciones en sistemas y servicios de salud. Las primeras se hicieron con la designación de un responsable de investigación para la gestión institucional de este tipo de estudio y la creación de un repositorio que compilara los resultados de las investigaciones existentes. Las segundas recayeron en los responsables seleccionados y estuvieron relacionadas con la obtención de la categoría de investigadores, la gestión de publicación de artículos, la protección legal de resultados y su registro oficial en el sistema nacional de investigaciones del país. Conclusiones: las capacidades desarrolladas contribuyeron a la gestión de los resultados de los profesionales de enfermería de las instituciones participantes. Estas se integran a la etapa de sostenibilidad que implica el nivel nacional de capacidades para la investigación.


Introduction: The results of research in health systems and health services go beyond the significance of the expected target. Managing these results allows the closure of the research cycle and is one of the challenges that Cuban professional nurses have to confront in order to make visible their results. Due to this situation, a practical experience was developed to consolidate the management of research results in health systems and health services. Development: Workshops were carried out in order to develop institutional and individual capacities in Cuban professional nurses so that they could manage the results of health Systems and health services research. Institutional capacities were developed by designating a professional nurse researcher, responsible for the institutional management of this kind of studies and the creation of a repository to gather the results of the existent research. Individual capacities were carried out by the selected professionals and had to do with obtaining the researcher category, the publication of results, the legal protection of results, and the official registration in the national research system. Conclusions: The developed capacities contributed with the management of the research results of professional nurses of each participating institution. Those capacities are part of the sustainability stage that includes the national level of capacities for research.


Assuntos
Humanos , Pesquisadores , Enfermagem , Fortalecimento Institucional , Profissionalismo , Serviços de Saúde , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Cuba
8.
Fam Med ; 51(4): 326-330, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: "Forward feeding" is defined as the sharing of information regarding learner behaviors and performance outside of formal institutional committee structures. The purpose of this study was to establish baseline opinions and policies of forward feeding in family medicine residency programs. METHODS: Data for this study were obtained as part of the 2015 CERA Program Directors Fall Survey. Program directors indicated whether they felt that faculty should and do engage in forward feeding. Respondents were asked to rate the importance of various types of information about learners (academic performance, clinical performance, professionalism, physical health, and mental health), reasons for promoting, and concerns regarding forward feeding on a 5-point Likert scale. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 49% (227/461). Most agreed that faculty should (87%) and do (83%) engage in forward feeding. Concerns regarding professionalism and clinical performance were reported as most important to share. The most important reason identified for forward feeding was the early identification of struggling residents, followed by the ability to direct teaching to the resident's specific needs, and improving the quality of feedback. Fear of creating bias was the most commonly cited concern for engaging in forward feeding, followed by fear of violating confidentiality and difficulty maintaining confidentiality. Fear of litigation was the least common concern. CONCLUSIONS: Despite concerns, the majority of program directors feel that faculty should and do engage in forward feeding. Our study confirms the importance of clinical performance and professionalism as two important themes of information shared by attendings about residents.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica/normas , Medicina de Família e Comunidade/educação , Disseminação de Informação/métodos , Internato e Residência , Educação de Pós-Graduação em Medicina/normas , Docentes de Medicina/tendências , Humanos , Diretores Médicos/tendências , Profissionalismo/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
J Allied Health ; 48(1): e21-e25, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826838

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this quantitative pilot study was to examine occupational therapy students' perceived value of a simulated learning experience and to identify various components of simulation that were valued. METHODS: Students enrolled in an occupational therapy evaluation and intervention for the adult population course participated in a simulated experience using a standardized patient as part of course expectations. Participants completed an 18-item questionnaire following the simulation. RESULTS: Students perceived simulated learning as a positive experience. The components identified as positive included feedback from the instructor, professional attire, consistent role of the standardized patient, and group debriefing after the simulation. CONCLUSION: Occupational therapy students perceived interaction with standardized patients as valuable. Further research is needed to analyze effectiveness of simulation in preparing occupational therapy and other healthcare students for actual clinical experience.


Assuntos
Educação de Pós-Graduação/métodos , Terapia Ocupacional/educação , Simulação de Paciente , Percepção , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde/psicologia , Comunicação , Feminino , Feedback Formativo , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Aprendizagem Baseada em Problemas , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Profissionalismo
10.
J Dent Educ ; 83(6): 663-668, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30910932

RESUMO

Social media have become a major part of an interconnected society, impacting personal and professional lives. This Point/Counterpoint presents two opposing viewpoints on the question of whether social media should be used in dental education as a learning and communication tool for dental students. Viewpoint 1 argues that social media benefit student learning and should be used as a tool in dental education. This argument is based on evidence concerning use of social media and improved learning across health professions, improved peer-peer communication in clinical education, improved engagement in interprofessional education (IPE), and provision of a mechanism for safe and improved communication between practitioners and patients, as well as faculty and students. Viewpoint 2 argues that potential problems and risks in using social media outweigh any benefits found in learning and therefore social media should not be used as a tool in dental education. This viewpoint is supported by evidence of negative effects on learning, the establishment of a negative digital footprint in the public's view, risk of privacy violations when using social media, and the new phenomenon of Internet addiction with its negative physiological effects on social media users.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Estudantes de Odontologia/estatística & dados numéricos , Comunicação , Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Profissionalismo , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia
11.
Med Educ Online ; 24(1): 1586507, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30831060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical professionalism is often considered difficult to be clearly observed and learned. However, although most medical students or residents affirm the necessity of medical professionalism courses, few agree that those currently offered are adequate for a medical career. OBJECTIVE: To develop a curriculum for teaching professionalism by enabling students to share positive examples of professionalism in social media that reflects the authentic experience in clinical environment. DESIGN: Between October 2015 and June 2017, the authors developed a clerkship program to teach professionalism with the support of social media and appreciative inquiry. Medical students were required to write posts on the positive behaviors they observed during clinical practice in the Facebook group. Other students and course instructors commented or responded to the posted content. The content on Facebook analyzed by course instructors and was based on the definition of medical professionalism according to the 18 attributes proposed by Cruess et al. Results: In total, 103 medical students in their first clinical year participated and posted 435 records of role model learning in the Facebook group. The majority of students learned the most when the clinical instructors were passionate about their teaching and guidance in medical expertise; this accounted for 23.0% of all role model behaviors. Other attributes of professionalism that students appreciated most were being caring and compassionate (17.2%), competence (9.6%), openness (8.8%), and presence (7.7%). More than 90% of the students reported enjoying this type of course and would like to integrate their learning experiences into future behavior. CONCLUSIONS: This innovative training program was well accepted in the formal curriculum and the predesigned social media environment. Appreciative inquiry for medical professionalism should be integrated into the organizational culture and the culture of social media interaction.


Assuntos
Profissionalismo/normas , Mídias Sociais/normas , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Competência Profissional , Redação , Adulto Jovem
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826158

RESUMO

Nontechnical skills are defined as social, cognitive and personal resource skills that are necessary to conduct any technical skill safely. Whilst the skills are categorised into three domains: social, cognitive and personal resources, these are dependent on each other and the development and effectiveness of one relies on the other two. Effective nontechnical skills are essential in the safe care of patients in any setting, and their importance can be clearly demonstrated in the safe development of skills in many areas of medicine and surgery. Increasingly the importance of these skills is being recognised in outcomes for patients and staff, and training courses and assessment tools are being developed and used in obstetrics. Understanding of the role of nontechnical skills in labour and especially in operative vaginal births should be embedded across the specialty. Further research is needed in validation of assessment tools for these skills when used in obstetrics.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Parto Obstétrico , Profissionalismo , Habilidades Sociais , Conscientização , Cognição , Comunicação , Fadiga/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Estresse Ocupacional/prevenção & controle , Relações Médico-Paciente , Gravidez
13.
Endocrinol. diabetes nutr. (Ed. impr.) ; 66(2): 74-82, feb. 2019. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-175798

RESUMO

Introducción: En nuestro país no se ha estudiado la opinión de los profesionales sobre los equipos multidisciplinares en cáncer de tiroides. El objetivo de este estudio ha sido conocer la opinión de los especialistas sobre las características de los profesionales y las ventajas que aportan estos estos equipos. Métodos: Se diseñó una encuesta para valorar la opinión sobre las características de profesionalidad y las ventajas de los equipos multidisciplinares para pacientes, profesionales y sistema sanitario. La encuesta se mantuvo activa online del 15 de noviembre de 2017 al 15 de febrero de 2018. Resultados: Se recibieron 226 encuestas. La capacidad para trabajar en equipo fue considerada la característica más importante que deben cumplir los profesionales por el 37,2% de los encuestados, mientras que la competencia científica fue el indicador de profesionalidad más importante para el 37,6%. Más de 2/3 de los especialistas opinan que los equipos multidisciplinares mejoran la elección de tratamientos y procedimientos diagnósticos, reducen la variabilidad clínica, facilitan la implementación de las guías clínicas, mejoran la formación continuada y aumentan la satisfacción de los pacientes, así como el prestigio del hospital. El grado de acuerdo con las ventajas de los EMD fue significativamente superior entre los especialistas que contaban con un EMD en su hospital. Conclusiones: Estos resultados muestran una opinión globalmente muy favorable de los profesionales hacia el modelo de trabajo multidisciplinar. Los responsables de los hospitales y las autoridades sanitarias deberían tener en cuenta estos hechos para favorecer y apoyar la implantación de estos equipos


Introduction: The opinion of professionals about multidisciplinary teams (MDT) in thyroid cancer has not been studied in Spain. This study was intended to ascertain the opinion of specialists about the characteristics of the professionals and the advantages provided by these teams. Methods: A survey was designed to assess the opinion about the characteristics of professionalism and the advantages of MDT for patients, professionals, and the health care system. The survey was posted online from November 15, 2017 to February 15, 2018. Results: A total of 226 surveys were evaluated. The ability for teamwork was considered the most important characteristic to be met by professionals by 37.2% of respondents, while scientific competence was the most important indicator of professionalism for 37.6%. More than two thirds of specialists felt that MDTs improve the choice of treatments and diagnostic procedures, decrease clinical variability, facilitate implementation of clinical guidelines, improve ongoing training, and increase patient satisfaction and hospital prestige. The degree of agreement with the advantages of MDTs was significantly higher among specialists who had a MDT at their hospitals. Conclusions: The overall opinion of professionals on the MDT model is highly favorable. Hospital managers and health care authorities should take these facts into account in order to encourage and support implementation of these teams


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Especialização , Profissionalismo , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide , Pessoal de Saúde , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde/métodos
15.
J Dent Educ ; 83(3): 334-341, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30692193

RESUMO

Recognition that professionalism is at the heart of dentistry's contract with society has led to an emphasis on educational strategies designed to improve cultivation of professional behaviors. The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a project based on situated learning theory and using an Ignite format to support dental students' learning and promote professionalism. Learning activities were evaluated in terms of new thinking, changing perspectives, and professional relationships. Professional relationship development and professional self-identity were explored. First-year dental students (n=108) enrolled in a two-semester professional development course at one U.S. dental school in fall 2017 comprised the study sample; all participated in the study. The mixed-methods study design used simultaneous triangulation with the qualitative component adding insight to the evaluation results. A 25-question evaluation form was used to collect quantitative data, and student self-assessment essays provided qualitative information. On the survey, the students' responses were generally agree/strongly agree and ranged from 60% (creating the presentation, changed perspective on academic integrity) to 98% (interaction and discussion with facilitators, appreciate professional relationships beyond dental school). Four themes emerged from content analysis of the essays: Behavior and Consequences: Academic Integrity and Professionalism, Patient Trust: Conflicts of Interest, Professional Interactions, and Professional Standards and Reputation. Overall, this Ignite project was found to advance the desired learning goals with respect to initial professional development. The social interactions with peers and outside practitioners facilitated introspection and learning. Students saw themselves as part of a profession, they started to appreciate and develop professional relationships, and many left the event with a deeper understanding of issues related to academic integrity, professional behavior, and conflicts of interests in dental practice.


Assuntos
Educação em Odontologia/métodos , Modelos Educacionais , Profissionalismo/educação , Treinamento por Simulação/métodos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Adulto , Currículo , Feminino , Humanos , Aprendizagem , Masculino , Adulto Jovem
17.
Plast Reconstr Surg ; 143(2): 619-630, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30688911

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Social media discussions are alive among plastic surgeons. This article represents a primer on beginning to understand how the public would seek out plastic surgeons and how demographics shape their preferences. METHODS: An anonymous 31-question survey was crowdsourced by means of MTurk. RESULTS: There were a total of 527 respondents. Of these respondents, 33 percent follow plastic surgeons on social media, with those aged younger than 35 years 3.9 times more likely to do so. Google was the first place people would look for a plastic surgeon (46 percent). When asked what was the most influential of all online methods for selecting a surgeon, practice website ranked first (25 percent), but social media platforms ranked higher as a whole (35 percent). Those considering surgical or noninvasive procedures are thee times more likely to select social media platforms as the most influential online method in selecting a surgeon and five times more likely to follow a plastic surgeon on social media. The majority would prefer not seeing the surgeon's private life displayed on social media (39 percent). Respondents were evenly split regarding whether graphic surgical images would lead them to unfollow accounts. Ninety-six percent of the general public were unclear of the type of board certification a plastic surgeon should hold. CONCLUSIONS: Clear differences in engagement and perception exist in the public based on age, sex, parental status, and reported country of origin. Social media will soon become a critical strategy in outreach and engagement and a valuable tool in clearing misconceptions within plastic surgery.


Assuntos
Demografia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Preferência do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Profissionalismo , Mídias Sociais/ética , Cirurgiões/ética , Cirurgia Plástica/ética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Técnicas Cosméticas/ética , Técnicas Cosméticas/psicologia , Crowdsourcing , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/psicologia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/ética , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Preferência do Paciente/psicologia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/ética , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/psicologia , Mídias Sociais/estatística & dados numéricos , Cirurgia Plástica/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
West J Emerg Med ; 20(1): 132-137, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30643616

RESUMO

Introduction: The Association of American Medical Colleges has introduced the Standardized Video Interview (SVI) to assess the communication and professionalism skills of residency applicants to allow a more holistic view of applicants beyond academic performance. Initial data suggests scores are not correlated with academic performance and provide a new measure of applicant attributes. It is not currently known how the SVI compares to existing metrics for assessing communication and professionalism during the interview process. Methods: Applicants to the University of Wisconsin Emergency Medicine Residency program were invited and interviewed without use of the SVI scores or videos. All faculty interviewers were blinded to applicants' SVI information and asked to rate each applicant on their communication and professionalism on a scale from 1-25 (faculty gestalt score), analogous to the 6-30 scoring used by the SVI. We transformed SVI scores to our 1-25 system (transformed SVI score) for ease of comparison and compared them to faculty gestalt scores as well as applicants' overall score for all components of their interview day (interview score). Results: We collected data for 125 residency candidates. Each applicant received a faculty gestalt score from up to four faculty interviewers. There was no significant correlation of SVI scores with faculty gestalt scores (Spearman's rank correlation coefficient [rs] (123)=0.09, p=0.30) and no correlation with the overall interview score (rs(123)=0.01, p=0.93). Faculty gestalt scores were correlated positively with interview scores (rs(123)=0.65, p<0.01). Conclusion: SVI scores show no significant correlation with faculty gestalt scores of communication and professionalism. This could relate to bias introduced by knowledge of an applicant's academic performance, different types of questions being asked by faculty interviewers, or lack of uniform criteria by which faculty assess these competencies. Further research is needed to determine whether SVI scores or faculty gestalt correlate with performance during residency.


Assuntos
Comunicação , Internato e Residência/normas , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Profissionalismo , Gravação em Vídeo , Avaliação Educacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Docentes , Humanos , Entrevistas como Assunto , Wisconsin
20.
J Dent Educ ; 83(1): 94-102, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30600255

RESUMO

The Ten Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) is a widely used instrument based on a personality framework measuring five dimensions: Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, and Openness to Experiences. The aim of this study was to establish a scale to assess dental students' professionalism by adding to the TIPI's five dimensions a set of descriptors that define professional behavior in dental students. The resulting Patient Management and Professionalism Scale (PMPS) was then tested with a cohort of graduating students at the University of Michigan School of Dentistry. To develop the scale, one clinic director and a patient care coordinator from four clinics wrote descriptive statements for each of the five dimensions based on their observations of dental students in the context of their clinical experiences. These descriptors were compiled into a single scale. The PMPS demonstrated good scale reliability and interrater agreement and correlated significantly with students' patient management grade scores and cumulative GPA at the end of their fourth year. Exploratory factor analysis showed the presence of a single factor (professionalism) with all five dimensions loading highly on this factor, accounting for 66% of variance in scores. While a useful standardized measure to assess professionalism in dental students, the PMPS also has a flexible format that makes it easy for other schools to use.


Assuntos
Relações Dentista-Paciente , Avaliação Educacional/métodos , Profissionalismo , Estudantes de Odontologia , Competência Clínica/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inventário de Personalidade , Profissionalismo/normas , Estudantes de Odontologia/psicologia
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