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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(2): e18631, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31914046

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many researchers use the National Health Insurance Research Database (HIRD) to publish medical papers and gain exceptional outputs in academics. Whether they also obtain excellent citation metrics remains unclear. METHODS: We searched the PubMed database (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed) using the terms Taiwan and HIRD. We then downloaded 1997 articles published from 2012 to 2016. An authorship-weighted scheme (AWS) was applied to compute coauthor partial contributions from the article bylines. Both modified x-index and author impact factor (AIF) proved complementary to Hirsch's h-index for calculating individual research achievements (IRA). The metrics from 4684 authors were collected for comparison. Three hundred eligible authors with higher x-indexes were located and displayed on Google Maps dashboards. Ten separate clusters were identified using social network analysis (SNA) to highlight the research teams. The bootstrapping method was used to examine the differences in metrics among author clusters. The Kano model was applied to classify author IRAs into 3 parts. RESULTS: The most productive author was Investigator#1 (Taichung City, Taiwan), who published 149 articles in 2015 and included 803 other members in his research teams. The Kano diagram results did not support his citation metrics beyond other clusters and individuals in IRAs. CONCLUSION: The AWS-based bibliometric metrics make individual weighted research evaluations possible and available for comparison. The study results of productive authors using HIRD did not support the view that higher citation metrics exist in specific disciplines.


Assuntos
Autoria , Bibliometria , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Taiwan
2.
BMJ ; 367: l6015, 2019 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31690553

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between gifts from pharmaceutical companies to French general practitioners (GPs) and their drug prescribing patterns. DESIGN: Retrospective study using data from two French databases (National Health Data System, managed by the French National Health Insurance system, and Transparency in Healthcare). SETTING: Primary care, France. PARTICIPANTS: 41 257 GPs who in 2016 worked exclusively in the private sector and had at least five registered patients. The GPs were divided into six groups according to the monetary value of the received gifts reported by pharmaceutical, medical device, and other health related companies in the Transparency in Healthcare database. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The main outcome measures were the amount reimbursed by the French National Health Insurance for drug prescriptions per visit (to the practice or at home) and 11 drug prescription efficiency indicators used by the National Health Insurance to calculate the performance related financial incentives of the doctors. Doctor and patient characteristics were used as adjustment variables. The significance threshold was 0.001 for statistical analyses. RESULTS: The amount reimbursed by the National Health Insurance for drug prescriptions per visit was lower in the GP group with no gifts reported in the Transparency in Healthcare database in 2016 and since its launch in 2013 (no gift group) compared with the GP groups with at least one gift in 2016 (-€5.33 (99.9% confidence interval -€6.99 to -€3.66) compared with the GP group with gifts valued at €1000 or more reported in 2016) (P<0.001). The no gift group also more frequently prescribed generic antibiotics (2.17%, 1.47% to 2.88% compared with the ≥€1000 group), antihypertensives (4.24%, 3.72% to 4.77% compared with the ≥€1000 group), and statins (12.14%, 11.03% to 13.26% compared with the ≥€1000 group) than GPs with at least one gift between 2013 and 2016 (P<0.001). The no gift group also prescribed fewer benzodiazepines for more than 12 weeks (-0.68%, -1.13% to -0.23% compared with the €240-€999 group) and vasodilators (-0.15%, -0.28% to -0.03% compared with the ≥€1000 group) than GPs with gifts valued at €240 or more reported in 2016, and more angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors compared with all ACE and sartan prescriptions (1.67%, 0.62% to 2.71%) compared with GPs with gifts valued at €1000 or more reported in 2016 (P<0.001). Differences were not significant for the prescription of aspirin and generic antidepressants and generic proton pump inhibitors. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that French GPs who do not receive gifts from pharmaceutical companies have better drug prescription efficiency indicators and less costly drug prescriptions than GPs who receive gifts. This observational study is susceptible to residual confounding and therefore no causal relation can be concluded. TRIAL REGISTRATION: OSF register OSF.IO/8M3QR.


Assuntos
Indústria Farmacêutica/economia , Prescrições de Medicamentos/estatística & dados numéricos , Clínicos Gerais/estatística & dados numéricos , Doações , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Bases de Dados Factuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Indústria Farmacêutica/estatística & dados numéricos , Prescrições de Medicamentos/economia , Medicamentos Genéricos/economia , Feminino , França , Clínicos Gerais/economia , Humanos , Reembolso de Seguro de Saúde/economia , Reembolso de Seguro de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Padrões de Prática Médica/economia , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/economia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
3.
Sante Publique ; Vol. 31(3): 417-426, 2019.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640329

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The French social system offers many kinds of allowances and support (in work, everyday life and social life fields) to persons with disabilities. People with severe mental disorders are often considered as having less access than other disabled persons to the various forms of compensation offered by the national solidarity system. Purpose of research : Our objective was to study, for people with diverse kinds of mental disorders, those who are frequent users of support devoted to disability. METHODS: By proceeding to an ascending hierarchical classification from the data of the Disability and Health National survey of 2008-2009 and by studying the characteristics of these groups with regards to the available resources of the disability field we wished to clarify the determinants of recourse. RESULTS: Two groups who very frequently have both various kinds of mental disorders (including mental retardation) and physical disorders have a very high rate of using solidarity support linked to disability. A third group, whose recourse to the field of the disability system is less high without being negligible includes people with different medical and social profiles, having signs of social difficulties and physical troubles which may precede or follow their mental problems instead of belonging to a same complex pattern. CONCLUSIONS: This self-reported data survey inevitably comprises approximate data as regards to diagnoses and impairments, but no other survey brings such diversified information and it usefully highlights that people with mental disorders should not be considered has having only mental disorders as long as they use the French disability system.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , França/epidemiologia , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos
4.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 94, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31644724

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate trends in the use of generic and non-generic medicines to treat hypertension and diabetes under the Farmácia Popular Program (FP) and its impact on generic medicines sales volume and market share in the Brazilian pharmaceutical market. METHODS: This longitudinal, retrospective study used interrupted time series design to analyze changes in monthly sales volume and proportion of medicines sales (market share) for oral antidiabetic and antihypertensive medicines for generic versus non-generic products. Analyses were conducted in a combined dataset that aggregate monthly sales volumes from the Farmácia Popular program and from the QuintilesIMS™ (IQVIA) national market sales data from January 2007 to December 2012. The Farmácia Popular program phases analyzed included: a) 2009 reductions in medicines reference prices (AFP-II) and b) 2011 implementation of free medicines program for hypertension and diabetes, the Saúde não tem preço (SNTP - Health has no price). RESULTS: Patterns of use for FP-covered antidiabetic and antihypertensive medicines were similar to their use in the market in general. After one year of the decreases in government subsidies in April 2010, market share of antidiabetic and antihypertensive medicines experienced relative declines of -54.5% and -59.9%, respectively. However, when FP-covered medicines were made free to patients, overall market volume for antidiabetic and antihypertensive generics increased dramatically, with 242.6% and 277.0% relative increases by February 2012, as well as non-generics with relative increase of 209.7% and 279% for antidiabetic and antihypertensive medicines, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Ministry of Health policies on the amount of patient cost sharing and on the choice of medicines on coverage lists have substantial impacts on overall generic sales volume in retail pharmacies.


Assuntos
Anti-Hipertensivos/uso terapêutico , Comércio/tendências , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/tendências , Medicamentos Genéricos/uso terapêutico , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/tendências , Brasil , Comércio/estatística & dados numéricos , Serviços Comunitários de Farmácia/estatística & dados numéricos , Diabetes Mellitus/tratamento farmacológico , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Análise de Séries Temporais Interrompida , Estudos Longitudinais , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmácias/estatística & dados numéricos , Farmácias/tendências , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 87, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31576946

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the trend of opinion and satisfaction indicators of the Spanish national health system from 2005 to 2017. METHODS: Ecological study of time series analyzing the trend of eight indicators of opinion and satisfaction on the Spanish national health system and its autonomous communities from 2005 to 2017. The data was obtained from the Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality and from the Health Barometer. The Prais-Winsten regression method was used. RESULTS: A static tendency was observed in the perception of users on how the health system works (APC = 1.898, 95%CI -0.954 - 4.751) and decreasing opinion on the improvement of primary care (APC = -0.283; 95%CI -0.335 - -0.121), specialized (APC = -0.241, 95%CI -0.74 - -0.109) and hospitalization (APC = -0.171, 95%CI -0.307 - -0.036). Satisfaction with knowledge and follow-up by the family doctor and pediatrician showed an increasing trend (APC = 7.939, 95%CI 3.965 - 11.914). Satisfaction with medical and nursing professionals was static. No large differences were observed in the trends of the indicators studied in the autonomous communities. CONCLUSIONS: A negative trend was observed in the opinion of the Spanish national health system users. Financing, human resources, quality management systems and differences in the autonomous communities may be some of the causes.


Assuntos
Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/tendências , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/tendências , Pesquisa sobre Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/tendências , Valores de Referência , Análise de Regressão , Espanha , Fatores de Tempo
6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31540463

RESUMO

A high mortality rate is an issue with acute cerebrovascular disease (ACVD), as it often leads to a high medical expenditure, and in particular to high costs of treatment for emergency medical conditions and critical care. In this study, we used group-based trajectory modeling (GBTM) to study the characteristics of various groups of patients hospitalized with ACVD. In this research, the patient data were derived from the 1 million sampled cases in the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. Cases who had been admitted to hospitals fewer than four times or more than eight times were excluded. Characteristics of the ACVD patients were collected, including age, mortality rate, medical expenditure, and length of hospital stay for each admission. We then performed GBTM to examine hospitalization patterns in patients who had been hospitalized more than four times and fewer than or equal to eight times. The patients were divided into three groups according to medical expenditure: high, medium, and low groups, split at the 33rd and 66th percentiles. After exclusion of unqualified patients, a total of 27,264 cases (male/female = 15,972/11,392) were included. Analysis of the characteristics of the ACVD patients showed that there were significant differences between the two gender groups in terms of age, mortality rate, medical expenditure, and total length of hospital stay. In addition, the data were compared between two admissions, which included interval, outpatient department (OPD) visit after discharge, OPD visit after hospital discharge, and OPD cost. Finally, the differences in medical expenditure between genders and between patients with different types of stroke-ischemic stroke, spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH), and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)-were examined using GBTM. Overall, this study employed GBTM to examine the trends in medical expenditure for different groups of stroke patients at different admissions, and some important results were obtained. Our results demonstrated that the time interval between subsequent hospitalizations decreased in the ACVD patients, and there were significant differences between genders and between patients with different types of stroke. It is often difficult to decide when the time has been reached at which further treatment will not improve the condition of ACVD patients, and the findings of our study may be used as a reference for assessing outcomes and quality of care for stroke patients. Because of the characteristics of NHIRD, this study had some limitations; for example, the number of cases for some diseases was not sufficient for effective statistical analysis.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/economia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/epidemiologia , Gastos em Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Isquemia Encefálica/economia , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Cerebral/economia , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Transtornos Cerebrovasculares/mortalidade , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Sexuais , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/economia , Hemorragia Subaracnóidea/epidemiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(37): e17090, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31517831

RESUMO

The decision as to whether patients should be admitted to a medical intensive care unit (ICU), in the absence of information concerning survival rates or prognostic factors in survival, is often challenging. We analyzed survival trends in relation to hospital discharge and examined patient and hospital characteristics associated with survival following ICU care, using a sample of nationwide claims data in Korea from 2002 through 2013. The Korean government implements a compulsory social insurance program that covers the country's entire population, and the Korean National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort (NHIS-NSC) data from 2002 based on this program were used for this study. The NHIS-NSC is a stratified random sample of 1,025,340 subjects selected from around 46 million Koreans. We evaluated annual survival trends using the Kaplan-Meier test. Analyses of the relationship between survival and patient and hospital characteristics were performed using Cox regression analyses. Employing a multivariate model, variables were selected using the forward selection method to consider the multicollinearity of variables. A total of 32,553 patients admitted to an ICU between 2002 and 2013 were identified among the eligible beneficiaries. The number of patients who had histories of ICU admission steadily increased throughout the study period, and patients older than 80 years constituted a progressively increasing proportion of ICU admissions, from 7.3% in 2002 to 16.9% in 2007 to 23.1% in 2013. The mean number of mechanical equipment items applied consistently increased, while no difference was observed in the trend for overall 1-year survival in patients following ICU treatment across the study period: the 1-year survival rate ranged from 66.7% (year 2003) to 64.2% (year 2010). Advanced age, cancer, renal failure, pneumonia, and influenza were all associated with heightened risk of mortality within 1 year. Our results should prove useful to older patients and their clinicians in their decisions regarding whether to seek ICU care, with the goals of improving the end-of life care and optimizing resource utilization.


Assuntos
Custos de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Mortalidade Hospitalar/tendências , Hospitalização/economia , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/economia , Unidades de Terapia Intensiva/organização & administração , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia , Análise de Sobrevida
9.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 654, 2019 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31500617

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Integration of medical insurance schemes has been prioritized as one of the key strategies to address inequity in China's health system. The first pilot attempt to integrate started in 2003 and later expanded nationwide. This study aims to assess its intended impact on inequity in inpatient service utilization and identify the main determinants contributing to its ineffectiveness. METHODS: A total of 49,365 respondents in the pilot integrated area and 77,165 respondents in the non-integration area were extracted from the Fifth National Health Services Survey. A comparative analysis was conducted between two types of areas. We calculate a concentration index (CI) and horizontal inequity index (HI) in inpatient service utilization and decompose the two indices. RESULTS: Insurance integration played a positive role in reducing inequality in inpatient service utilization to some extent. A 13.23% lower in HI, a decrease in unmet inpatient care and financial barriers to inpatient care in the pilot integrated area compared with the non-integration area; decomposition analysis showed that the Urban-Rural Residents Basic Medical Insurance, a type of integrated insurance, contributed 37.49% to reducing inequality in inpatient service utilization. However, it still could not offset the strong negative effect of income and other insurance schemes that have increased inequality. CONCLUSIONS: The earlier pilot attempt for integrating medical insurance was not enough to counteract the influence of factors which increased the inequality in inpatient service utilization. Further efforts to address the inequality should focus on widening access to financing, upgrading the risk pool, reducing gaps within and between insurance schemes, and providing broader chronic disease benefit packages. Social policies that target the needs of the poor with coordinated efforts from various levels and agencies of the government are urgently needed.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/tendências , Prestação Integrada de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Disparidades em Assistência à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitalização/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , China , Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Feminino , Humanos , Renda/estatística & dados numéricos , Seguro Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Saúde da População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Saúde da População Urbana/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31480260

RESUMO

Objective: This study investigated the impacts of the hierarchical medical system under the national health insurance program on residents' healthcare-seeking behavior in Taiwan. Background: Healthcare authorities in Taiwan initiated an allowance reduction for outpatient visits at regional hospitals and higher hierarchical hospitals in 2018. The ultimate goal is to implement a hierarchical medical system to provide residents accessible as well as consistent medical services. Methods: This research was conducted through a questionnaire survey, and data were collected between August and December 2018 from the records of subjects who had recently sought medical attention. A total of 1340 valid questionnaires were returned. Results: A principal finding was that there were significant differences in the knowledge of new policies by age, marital status, annual income, education level, and occupation (p < 0.001). Regarding the effects on healthcare-seeking behavior, there were significant differences from persons aged 40-49 years (p < 0.1), in junior high school (p < 0.05), not aware of the policy (p < 0.001), and awareness of both the hierarchical medical system and the policy to reduce outpatient visits to large hospitals (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The health administration authorities should devote more effort into promoting knowledge of the policy in order to better inform the public about the hierarchical medical system.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
11.
Ethiop J Health Sci ; 29(3): 401-408, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31447509

RESUMO

Background: Frequent stock-out of drugs in the public hospitals causes National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) enrollees to purchase most of their medicines out-of-pocket in community pharmacies, thereby imposing financial constraints on them against the main objective of the scheme. The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the level of participation of private retail community pharmacies (PRCPs) in the NHIS of Nigeria and Ghana, to describe their spatial distribution, and to highlight from literature major factors that would influence the participation of these pharmacies in the scheme. Methods: PRCPs data were collected from the Nigerian NHIS active secondary healthcare providers list of 1st July 2017 and the Ghanaian NHIS active providers online list of 2018. PRCPs densities at the national levels were calculated from last published national coverage data for each country. Results: The total number of PRCP accredited by NHIS of both Nigeria and Ghana is 964(639[66.3% versus 325[33.7%]). NHIS accredited PRCPs densities for Nigeria and Ghana were 1 PRCP per 9, 390 enrollees and 1 PRCP per 33, 108 enrollees respectively. Across the Nigerian States, it was noted that Lagos State has the highest proportion (21.4%, n = 137) of community pharmacy participation in the scheme whereas, in Ghan, Greater Accra Region has the highest participation (34.2%, n = 111). Conclusion: This study revealed low participation of PRCPs and skewed spatial distribution between urban and rural areas of both countries, although there was higher participation of these pharmacies in Nigeria due to Nigerian lower NHIS coverage data compared to Ghana.


Assuntos
Medicamentos Essenciais/provisão & distribução , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Farmácias/organização & administração , Gana , Humanos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Nigéria , Farmácias/estatística & dados numéricos , Setor Privado/organização & administração , Setor Privado/estatística & dados numéricos
12.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 1137, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426770

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Medical Aid beneficiaries in Korea are more likely to have poor health status and to receive insufficient healthcare services, but their life expectancy has not been compared with that of National Health Insurance beneficiaries. METHODS: We used the National Health Information Database in Korea to obtain aggregate data on the numbers of population and deaths according to calendar year (2004 to 2017), sex, age group, and insurance eligibility (Medical Aid or National Health Insurance). Between 2004 and 2017, a summed total of 697,503,634 subjects (combining numbers of subjects for 14 years) and 3,536,778 deaths, including 22,417,216 Medical Aid beneficiaries and 499,604 associated deaths, were used to construct annual abridged life tables. RESULTS: In 2017, the life expectancy of Medical Aid beneficiaries was 70.9 years, while that of National Health Insurance beneficiaries was 83.7 years. Between 2004 and 2017, life expectancy for Medical Aid beneficiaries increased by 8.7 years in men and 6.1 years in women, while life expectancy for National Health Insurance beneficiaries increased by 5.2 years in men and 4.5 years in women. The life expectancy difference between National Health Insurance beneficiaries and Medical Aid beneficiaries was especially great among men across all study periods. The life expectancy difference was 15.8 years for men and 8.9 years for women in 2017. CONCLUSIONS: The life expectancy of Medical Aid beneficiaries was shorter than that of National Health Insurance beneficiaries. The government should implement policies to deliver more adequate health care to Medical Aid beneficiaries.


Assuntos
Expectativa de Vida/tendências , Assistência Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Bases de Dados Factuais , Feminino , Humanos , Tábuas de Vida , Masculino , República da Coreia/epidemiologia
13.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 580, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31426781

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Care-seeking behavior is widely acknowledged to have strong influences on health outcomes among individuals with chronic conditions including diabetes. Despite its dynamic nature, care seeking behavior are often considered as time invariant in most studies. The likelihood of patients changing their regularity and source of chronic care over time is often neglected. This study aimed to determine the long-term trajectories of care-seeking patterns of both care-seeking regularity and health provider choices; and their associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes under the National Health Insurance (NHI) program in Taiwan. METHODS: We utilized population-based data from the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) in Taiwan. Three thousand, nine hundred and eighty-seven adult patients with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes in 1999 were enrolled in the cohort. We assessed their trajectories of regular care visits and sources of diabetes care from 2000 to 2010. A group-based trajectory model was applied. RESULTS: Seven distinct groups of long-term care-seeking patterns were identified. Only 51.44% of patients with newly diagnosed diabetes had regularly visited their providers over time. Among them, 56.41 and 16.09% had persistently sought care from generalized and specialized providers, respectively. 27.50% had sought care from different levels of providers. Patients who were male, elderly, low-income, and had a higher baseline diabetes severity were significantly more likely to either continue with their irregular care-seeking behavior or fail to maintain their regular care seeking behavior over time. Those who were younger, had a higher socioeconomic status, and lived in an urban area were significantly more likely to persistently seek care from specialized care settings. CONCLUSIONS: This study is the first population-based assessment of long-term care-seeking behaviors of type 2 diabetes patients under a single-payer system with a comprehensive benefit coverage. The most alarming finding was that, despite the existence of the comprehensive universal health insurance coverage in Taiwan, almost 50% of patients did not seek or maintain regular visits to providers over time as recommended. Understanding variations in the long-term trajectories of care adherence and sources of care may help to identify gaps in diabetes care management.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/terapia , Aceitação pelo Paciente de Cuidados de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Sistema de Fonte Pagadora Única/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Idoso , Doença Crônica , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Pobreza/economia , Pobreza/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taiwan , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde/economia , Cobertura Universal do Seguro de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
14.
BMC Public Health ; 19(1): 959, 2019 Jul 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31319826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Brazil, 70% of the population depends on the public healthcare system. Since early detection is considered crucial, this study aimed to evaluate temporal changes in breast cancer screening coverage provided under the Brazilian National Health Service (SUS) according to the different regions of the country between 2008 and 2017. METHODS: This ecological study analyzed data on breast cancer screening within the SUS for women aged 50-69 years. Coverage was calculated from the ratio between the number of screening tests conducted and the expected number for the target population. Joinpoint regression analysis was used to calculate annual percent changes (APC) in coverage. RESULTS: Around 19 million mammograms were performed in 50-69-year old women within the SUS between 2008 and 2016. The estimated APC indicates that breast cancer screening coverage increased by 14.5% annually in Brazil between 2008 and 2012 (p < 0.01), with figures stabilizing between 2012 and 2017 as shown by an APC of - 0.4% (p = 0.3). In the five geographic regions of the country, the APC initially increased, then stabilized in the north, northeast and southeast and decreased in the south and Midwest. Of the 26 states, coverage increased in seven and remained stable in six. In the other 13, there was an initial increase followed by stabilization in 11, and a reduction in coverage in two. In the Federal District, coverage remained stable throughout the study period. CONCLUSION: Evaluation of the temporal changes in breast cancer screening coverage provided under the Brazilian National Health Service revealed an initial increase, confirming that public policies were effective, although insufficient to ensure organized screening. There appears to be a lack of uniformity between the different regions and states and this situation is highlighted in the final 5-year period, with the APC reflecting stabilization of breast cancer screening coverage.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico , Detecção Precoce de Câncer/tendências , Mamografia/tendências , Programas de Rastreamento/tendências , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
15.
Geriatr Gerontol Int ; 19(8): 815-822, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267646

RESUMO

AIM: We investigated the long-term risk of dementia for up to 10 years in patients with stroke and broadened the correlates. METHODS: We carried out a case-control study using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research database in 2000 with a sampled population of 1 million. The study cohort comprised 8236 patients with stroke and no dementia history. We carried out a 1:1 case-control matched analysis on estimated propensity scores. Cox proportional hazards regressions were carried out to estimate the risk of dementia during the 5- and 10-year follow-up periods. The risk factors were also investigated. RESULTS: The stroke cohort was significantly at more risk of dementia during the 5- and 10-year follow-up periods, with adjusted hazard ratios 1.87 and 1.53, respectively. The patients with ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack and intracerebral hemorrhage had a significantly higher risk of dementia after 5 and 10 years, with adjusted hazard ratios of 1.81 and 1.49, 1.92 and 1.61, and 2.14 and 1.61, respectively. The significant risk factors of dementia were age ≥60 years, resident in southern and eastern regions, having low insurance range, and antiplatelet use. CONCLUSIONS: Stroke and the subtypes, including ischemic stroke, transient ischemic attack and intracerebral hemorrhage, increase the long-term risk of dementia. The incidence of post-stroke dementia increases yearly, but the relative risk decreases gradually. Older adults, residents in southern and eastern regions, having low insurance range and antiplatelet use were prominent risk factors of post-stroke dementia in Taiwan. Careful management of stroke and risk factors of post-stroke dementia with long-term follow up of cognition should be reinforced. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2019; 19: 815-822.


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica , Hemorragia Cerebral , Demência , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração , Acidente Vascular Cerebral , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Isquemia Encefálica/complicações , Isquemia Encefálica/epidemiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hemorragia Cerebral/complicações , Hemorragia Cerebral/epidemiologia , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/etiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/complicações , Ataque Isquêmico Transitório/epidemiologia , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/diagnóstico , Efeitos Adversos de Longa Duração/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/diagnóstico , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etiologia , Taiwan/epidemiologia
16.
Rev Esp Salud Publica ; 932019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273187

RESUMO

In Navarre, the Smoking Cessation Program (PAF) was launched in 1994, result of the collaboration between Public Health and Primary Care. In 2001 it was integrated into the Tobacco Regional Action Plan, together with the other two lines of action: prevention of smoking initiation and promotion of smoke-free spaces. PAF includes two levels of intervention, a basic and an intensive one, with programmed educational support, individual and group. Medications for smoking cessation have been intermittently subsidized by the Health Department of Navarre. In December 2017, funding of medications for smoking cessation was reintroduced, in the same conditions of any other medication. Treatments are limited to one per patient and year, always including educational support. In 2018, 6139 people benefited from this funding, 50% women and 60% with yearly income lower than 18000 euros. We carried out a preliminary evaluation through a telephone survey. Overall, 35% of participants reported to keep abstinent after one year, 40% among those who also received intensive educational support.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde/métodos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde , Atenção Primária à Saúde/métodos , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Pesquisas sobre Serviços de Saúde , Promoção da Saúde/economia , Promoção da Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Renda , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/economia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/economia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Pobreza , Atenção Primária à Saúde/economia , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/economia , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/estatística & dados numéricos , Espanha
17.
Hell J Nucl Med ; 22(2): 111-115, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31273352

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlation between the utilization of nuclear medicine diagnostic procedures and the mortality of women with breast cancer. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Based on the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD), we studied female breast cancer patients in 2012 who underwent whole-body bone scan, lymphoscintigraphy, or fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for possibly managing breast cancer metastases. The mortality of breast cancer was then followed up in 2017. Multiple linear regression analysis was applied to analyze the correlation between the use of any of these three nuclear medicine procedures and the mortality of breast cancer. RESULTS: For patients with early-stage breast cancer, single lymphoscintigraphy was the most frequently performed nuclear medicine procedure, accounting for 36.4% of all three nuclear medicine procedures. For patients with late-stage breast cancer, single whole-body bone scan was the most frequently performed nuclear medicine procedure, accounting for 67.2% of all three nuclear medicine procedures. Mortality of breast cancer significantly increased with the prevalence of late-stage breast cancer (b=2.87, P=0.001) and significantly decreased in cases in which whole-body bone scan was used (b=-4.28, P=0.003). CONCLUSION: The mortality of women with late-stage breast cancer was negatively related to the utilization of whole-body bone scan but not to the utilization of lymphoscintigraphy or the 18F-FDG PET/CT scan. In women with early-stage breast cancer, no significant correlation existed between breast cancer mortality and the utilization of the above three nuclear medicine procedures.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Bases de Dados Factuais , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Medicina Nuclear/economia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Feminino , Fluordesoxiglucose F18 , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Metástase Neoplásica , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/economia , Taiwan , Adulto Jovem
18.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 496, 2019 Jun 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170921

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: HIV testing serves as a critical gateway for linkage and retention to care services, particularly in sub-Saharan African countries with high burden of HIV infections. However, the current progress towards addressing the first cascade of the 90-90-90 programme is largely contributed by women. This study aimed to map evidence on the intervention strategies to improve HIV uptake among men in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We conducted a scoping review guided by Arksey and O'Malley's (2005) framework and Levac et al. (2010) recommendation for methodological enhancement for scoping review studies. We searched for eligible articles from electronic databases such as PubMed/MEDLINE; American Doctoral Dissertations via EBSCO host; Union Catalogue of Theses and Dissertations (UCTD); SA ePublications via SABINET Online; World Cat Dissertations; Theses via OCLC; and Google Scholar. We included studies from January 1990 to August 2018. We used the PRISMA extension for scoping reviews (PRISMA-ScR): checklist and explanation. The Mixed Method Appraisal Tool version 2018 was used to determine the methodological quality of the included studies. We further used NVivo version 11 to aid with content thematic analysis. RESULTS: This study revealed that teaching men about HIV; Community-Based HIV testing; Home-Based HIV testing; Antenatal Care HIV testing; HIV testing incentives and HIV Self-testing are important strategies to improving HIV testing among men in sub-Saharan Africa. The need for improving programmes aimed at giving more information to men about HIV that are specifically tailored for men, especially given their poor uptake of HIV testing services was also found. This study further revealed the need for implementing Universal Test and Treat among HIV positive men found through community-based testing strategies, while suggesting the importance of restructuring home-based HIV testing visits to address the gap posed by mobile populations. CONCLUSION: The community HIV testing, as well as, HIV self-testing strategies showed great potential to increase HIV uptake among men in sub-Saharan Africa. However, to address poor linkage to care, ART should be initiated soon after HIV diagnosis is concluded during community testing services. We also recommend more research aimed at addressing the quality of HIV self-testing kits, as well as, improving the monitoring systems of the distributed HIV self-testing kits.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Infecções por HIV/epidemiologia , Programas de Rastreamento , Participação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , África ao Sul do Saara/epidemiologia , Atitude Frente a Saúde , Demografia/estatística & dados numéricos , Prática Clínica Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Geografia , HIV , Infecções por HIV/transmissão , Humanos , Masculino , Programas de Rastreamento/métodos , Programas de Rastreamento/organização & administração , Programas de Rastreamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/organização & administração , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/normas , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/diagnóstico , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/epidemiologia , Complicações Infecciosas na Gravidez/prevenção & controle , Testes Sorológicos
19.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 19(1): 371, 2019 Jun 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31185983

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy and quality of immunization data on the pentavalent (diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus, hepatitis B and Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib)) and MMR vaccines as the administrative data of the expanded program on immunization (EPI) in Iran. METHODS: We conducted a Data Quality Self-assessment (DQS) survey from October to December 2017. Standardized DQS tools were used to assess the accuracy of reported immunizations data and quality of the immunization monitoring system at the provincial level of the healthcare system including health houses, health posts, rural and urban health centers and district health centers. Multistage cluster random sampling with proportional to size (PPS) weights was used to select target provinces and related health units. Accuracy ratio, quality index (QI), completeness and relevant quality indices of first dose of MMR (MMR1) and third dose of pentavalent vaccines were reported. Corresponding period of the survey was limited to reported administrative immunization data during the first 6 months of 2016. RESULTS: In relation to accuracy ratio, there was some evidence of under reporting of pentavalent (3rd dose) and MMR1 vaccines in health house units which were 100.94 and 101.1%, respectively. Completeness of reporting for both vaccines at different provincial levels was near 100%. However, the corresponding value for pentavalent (3rd dose) and MMR1 vaccines at the level of urban health centers was 96.67 and 94.17% respectively. Among the five components of a monitoring system data usage and core output had the lowest QI scores in either rural or urban as well as district healthcare centers. CONCLUSIONS: Findings from our DQS survey reveals that administrative reporting of the immunization data was adequate at provincial and district levels of the healthcare centers. Although, addressing the existing concerns regarding timelines of the reporting by health authorities and staffs of EPI is warranted.


Assuntos
Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus , Vacinas contra Hepatite B , Programas de Imunização/estatística & dados numéricos , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Confiabilidade dos Dados , Vacina contra Difteria, Tétano e Coqueluche/uso terapêutico , Vacinas Anti-Haemophilus/uso terapêutico , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Vacinas contra Hepatite B/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Imunização/estatística & dados numéricos , Lactente , Irã (Geográfico) , Autoavaliação , Vacinas Combinadas
20.
BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 522, 2019 Jun 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31200658

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To describe patients with inherited and acquired complement deficiency who developed invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) in England over the last decade. METHODS: Public Health England conducts enhanced surveillance of IMD in England. We retrospectively identified patients with complement deficiency who developed IMD in England during 2008-2017 and retrieved information on their clinical presentation, vaccination status, medication history, recurrence of infection and outcomes, as well as characteristics of the infecting meningococcal strain. RESULTS: A total of 16 patients with 20 IMD episodes were identified, including four with two episodes. Six patients had inherited complement deficiencies, two had immune-mediated conditions associated with complement deficiency (glomerulonephritis and vasculitis), and eight others were on Eculizumab therapy, five for paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria and three for atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome. Cultures were available for 7 of 11 episodes among those with inherited complement deficiencies/immune-mediated conditions and the predominant capsular group was Y (7/11), followed by B (3/11) and non-groupable (1/11) strains. Among patients receiving Eculizumab therapy, 3 of the 9 episodes were due to group B (3/9), three others were NG but genotypically group B, and one case each of groups E, W and Y. CONCLUSIONS: In England, complement deficiency is rare among IMD cases and includes inherited disorders of the late complement pathway, immune-mediated disorders associated with low complement levels and patients on Eculizumab therapy. IMD due to capsular group Y predominates in patient with inherited complement deficiency, whilst those on Eculizumab therapy develop IMD due to more diverse capsular groups including non-encapsulated strains.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Sistema Complemento/deficiência , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Infecções Meningocócicas/complicações , Infecções Meningocócicas/microbiologia , Neisseria meningitidis/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/efeitos adversos , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Inglaterra/epidemiologia , Genótipo , Humanos , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/etiologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/epidemiologia , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Polissacarídeos Bacterianos/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
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