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1.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand ; 98(1): 61-67, 2019 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30187912

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The risk of perioperative cardiovascular complications following operations for urinary incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) must be taken into consideration during surgical planning. The literature on the cardiovascular risk following urinary incontinence and POP operations shows conflicting results. Our aims were to provide an estimate of the mortality and the risk of cardiovascular complications following urinary incontinence and POP operations considering women's preoperative cardiovascular comorbidity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This nationwide register-based study includes a total of 13 992 operations for urinary incontinence and 35 765 for POP from 2007 to 2017. The risk was estimated as an incidence/rate ratio for women with and without former cardiovascular comorbidity adjusted for relevant confounders by using a case-crossover study design. RESULTS: A total of 7677 patients were at high risk, with a cardiovascular comorbidity prior to the operation, and 42 076 patients were at low risk, with no cardiovascular comorbidity. Overall, 11 patients died within 30 days following an operation, of whom five were in the high-risk group and six in the low-risk group. Of the women at high risk, 0.59% had cardiovascular complications from 0 to 6 days following an operation, corresponding to an incidence/rate ratio of 3.64 (95% CI; 2.67-4.97), compared with women at low risk where no complications were registered in the first week. CONCLUSIONS: We found an increased risk of cardiovascular complications following urogynecological operations in women with preoperative cardiovascular comorbidity, and no increased risk in women without prior cardiovascular comorbidity. In general, the risk of cardiovascular complications was lower than that found in previous studies.


Assuntos
Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Assistência Perioperatória/estatística & dados numéricos , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/cirurgia , Incontinência Urinária/cirurgia , Adulto , Comorbidade , Estudos Cross-Over , Dinamarca/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Assistência Perioperatória/mortalidade , Período Pós-Operatório , Fatores de Risco , Incontinência Urinária/mortalidade , Incontinência Urinária por Estresse/mortalidade
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