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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5311-5327, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570425

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: MiR-221, often described both as an oncogenic microRNA and as a tumour suppressor, targets mRNAs involved in carcinogenesis. While other oncogenic microRNAs showed correlations with prostate cancer cell lines' aggressiveness, miR-221 showed an unusual overexpression in PC3. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CRISPR was used to delete miR-221 from PC3 cells. Analysing the characteristics of PC3miR-221del cells, a reduced growth rate and expression of cell-cycle genes was observed. In global gene expression/ontology analysis of PC3miR-221del cells, cell-cell and cell-substrate adhesion pathways were found to be greatly affected. In addition, reduced levels of adhesion, invasion and motility for PC3miR-221del cells, a change in F-actin localisation and a reduction of EMT markers were observed. RESULTS: The tumour suppressor gene, DIRAS3, was a predicted target of miR-221. In PC3miR-221del cells DIRAS3 was up-regulated at the gene and protein level. Ectopic expression of DIRAS3 in PC3wt cells recapitulated the cellular morphology changes seen in PC3miR-221del cells. DIRAS3 3'UTR was more stable in PC3miR-221del cells, as measured by semi-quantitative PCR and luciferase fusion reporter assays. CONCLUSION: MiR-221 promotes aggressiveness of PC3 cells by down-regulating DIRAS3, and promoting epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition.


Assuntos
Adesão Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Oncogenes/genética , Células PC-3 , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/genética
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5381-5391, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570433

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are noncoding transcripts that are >200 nucleotides in length. However, the biological functions and regulation mechanisms of lncRNAs in gastric carcinogenesis remain unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expression levels of Linc00472 were analyzed by real-time PCR. The DNA methylation status was assessed using Combined Bisulfite Restriction Analysis (COBRA). The biological role of Linc00472 was assessed in AGS cells with Linc00472 overexpression. RESULTS: Using the next-generation sequencing approach, we identified DNA methylation-associated lncRNAs in gastric cancer cells. Among them, the expression level of Linc00472 significantly decreased in gastric cancer tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. Furthermore, we observed a more frequent hypermethylation of CpG islands upstream of Linc00472 in gastric cancer tissues. Ectopic Linc00472 expression could significantly inhibit gastric cancer cell growth and migration. CONCLUSION: Epigenetically regulated Linc00472 expression plays a crucial role in modulating gastric cancer cell growth and motility.


Assuntos
Metilação de DNA/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Ilhas de CpG/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos
3.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8341, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365693

RESUMO

MicroRNAs (miRNAs), as post-transcriptional regulators, have been reported to be involved in the initiation and progression of various types of cancer, including gastric cancer (GC). The present study aimed to investigate the role of miR-383-5p in gastric carcinogenesis. Cell viability was analyzed using CCK-8 kit. Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate/propidium iodide double staining was used to evaluate cell apoptosis. The expression levels of miR-383-5p and histone deacetylase 9 (HDAC9) mRNA in GC tissues and cell lines were analyzed using RT-qPCR. The protein expression of HDAC9 was detected by western blotting. We found that HDAC9 was up-regulated and miR-383-5p was down-regulated in GC tissues and cell lines. High HDAC9 expression or low miR-383-5p expression was closely related to poor prognosis and metastasis in GC patients. HDAC9 knockout or miR-383-5p mimics led to growth inhibition and increased apoptosis in AGS and SGC-7901 cells. More importantly, we validated that miR-383-5p as a post-transcriptional regulator inhibited HDAC9 expression and was inversely correlated with HDAC9 expression in GC tissues. miR-383-5p had the opposite effects to HDAC9 in gastric carcinogenesis. miR-383-5p played an important role in gastric carcinogenesis, and it is one of the important mechanisms to regulate oncogenic HDAC9 in GC, which might be helpful in the development of novel therapeutic strategies for the treatment of GC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma/patologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Apoptose , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinoma/genética , Carcinoma/metabolismo , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
4.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 145(9): 2293-2301, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31401673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Androgen receptors (ARs) are expressed on a variety of cell types, and AR signaling plays an important role in tumor development and progression in several cancers. This in vitro study evaluated the effect of dihydrotestosterone (DHT) on the proliferation of renal cell carcinoma (RCC) cells in relation to AR status. METHODS: Steroid hormone receptor expression was evaluated using RT-PCR and Western blotting. The effect of DHT on cell proliferation and STAT5 phosphorylation was evaluated in RCC cell lines (Caki-2, A498, and SN12C) and primary RCC cells using cell viability assays and Western blotting. ARs and glucocorticoid receptors (GRs) were knocked down with small interfering RNAs before assessing changes in cell proliferation and STAT5 activation. RESULTS: DHT treatment promoted cell proliferation and increased STAT5 phosphorylation regardless of AR status. The AR antagonist bicalutamide reduced kidney cancer cell proliferation, regardless of AR status. AR and GR knockdown blocked STAT5 activation and reduced cell proliferation in all RCC cell lines. In patient-derived primary cells, DHT enhanced cell proliferation and this effect was diminished by treatment with the AR antagonists bicalutamide and enzalutamide and the GR antagonist mifepristone. CONCLUSION: DHT promotes cell proliferation through STAT5 activation in RCC cells, regardless of AR status. DHT appears to utilize the AR and GR pathways to activate STAT5, and the inhibition of AR and GR showed antitumor activity in RCC cells. These data suggest that targeting AR and GR may be a promising new approach to the treatment of RCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Renais/patologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Di-Hidrotestosterona/farmacologia , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Receptores Androgênicos/fisiologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/fisiologia , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/farmacologia , Carcinoma de Células Renais/genética , Carcinoma de Células Renais/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Renais/genética , Neoplasias Renais/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição STAT5/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
5.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4073-4077, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366490

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: ANRIL is a long noncoding RNA located on INK4 locus, which encodes p15 and p16 that cause G1 phase arrest in the cell cycle. ANRIL positively regulates proliferation of several kinds of cancer cells such as lung and gastric cancers. This study, examined the effect of ANRIL in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were transfected with siRNA oligonucleotides targeting ANRIL. Transfected cells were subjected to cell-cycle and quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) analysis. RESULTS: Depletion of ANRIL increased p15 mRNA in FaDu cells, and p15 and p16 mRNA in CAL27 cells and inhibited proliferation of these cells. Cell cycle analysis showed that depletion of ANRIL caused arrest at the G1 phase of the cell cycle. CONCLUSION: ANRIL promotes G1 phase progression by repressing p15 and p16, and thus promotes FaDu and CAL27 cell proliferation.


Assuntos
Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p15/genética , Inibidor p16 de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/patologia
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4095-4100, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366493

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Ethacridine is used as a topical antiseptic as well as for second-trimester abortion. Recent studies showed that ethacridine is an inhibitor of poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG) and an activator of the transcriptional coactivator with PDZ-binding motif (TAZ). This study examined the effects of ethacridine on thyroid cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thyroid cancer cell lines (FTC133 and SW1736) and thyroid follicular epithelial cells (Nthy-ori 3-1) were treated with ethacridine. Viability, clonogenicity, cell-cycle distribution, and apoptosis were evaluated. The expression of thyroid differentiation markers (TTF-1, PAX8, and NIS) was determined by real-time PCR. RESULTS: Ethacridine suppressed cell growth and clonogenic ability of thyroid cancer cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner (p<0.001). No cell-cycle arrest was found, but ethacridine dose-dependently induced apoptosis of thyroid cancer cells (p<0.001). The PAX8 and NIS expressions were significantly increased in SW1736 (3.41-fold and 1.53-fold, respectively) and Nthy-ori 3-1 cells (2.73-fold and 4.12-fold, respectively). CONCLUSION: Ethacridine elicits apoptotic cell death in thyroid cancer cells and promotes differentiation in a subset of thyroid follicular cells.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Etacridina/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/tratamento farmacológico , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Fator de Transcrição PAX8/genética , Simportadores/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/genética , Neoplasias da Glândula Tireoide/patologia , Fator Nuclear 1 de Tireoide/genética
7.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4165-4170, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366501

RESUMO

AIM: To examine the influence of hypoxia on the in vitro growth of leukaemia cells and the activity of signalling proteins to better understand the pathophysiology of leukaemia cells in human bone marrow. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six human leukaemia cell lines were cultured under normoxic or hypoxic conditions. Cell growth, recovery of clonogenic cells, and the expression and activation of various signalling proteins were examined. RESULTS: Hypoxia suppressed cell growth and the recovery of clonogenic cells. Moreover, hypoxia up-regulated hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) 1α and HIF2α expression while suppressing the expression and activation of NOTCH1, mechanistic target of rapamycin kinase (mTOR) activation, and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: We found that hypoxia up-regulated HIF expression while it suppressed the self-renewal capacity of leukaemia cells, NOTCH activity, and expression of its down-stream signalling molecules, which differs from previous reports mentioning that HIF activates NOTCH signalling. Our findings serve to further elucidate the in vivo pathophysiology of leukaemia cells.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Leucemia/genética , Receptor Notch1/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Hipóxia Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Leucemia/patologia , NF-kappa B/genética , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética
8.
Gene ; 717: 143998, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381951

RESUMO

Eid1 is a member of the EID protein family, which regulates differentiation, transcription and acetyltransferase activity. Accumulating evidence suggests that Eid1 is relevant to neurological disorder, but the main function of Eid1 is still unclear, especially in the brain. To better understand this issue, we generated Eid1-knockout (Eid1-KO) mice and profiled its gene expression changes in the brain by RNA sequencing. This study identified 2531 genes differentially expressed in Eid1-KO mice compared with the wild-type, then qRT-PCR verification demonstrated that the transcriptomic data are reliable. By protein-protein interaction cluster analysis, 'regulation of cell proliferation' were unexpectedly discovered as important Eid1 functions. We then isolated neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and showed that the number of neurospheres and the proliferation rate of Eid1-KO NPCs were obviously lower than that in the control group, furthermore, CCK-8 and immunofluorescence assay clearly demonstrated that the Eid1-KO NPCs showed significantly less cell proliferation than the control group. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report of the Eid1-KO transcriptome of mice brain. Our analysis and experimental data provide a foundation for further studies on understanding function of Eid1 in the brain.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/citologia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Gravidez , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Análise de Sequência de RNA
9.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(9): 842-853, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31433582

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Long intergenic non-protein coding RNA 665 (LINC00665) plays a vital role in the development of cancer. Its function in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, remains largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The expressions of LINC00665, miR-186-5p, and MAP4K3 were determined by qRT-PCR. Cell viability and apoptosis were evaluated by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively. Autophagic puncta formation was observed by fluorescence microscopy. Bioinformatics analysis, luciferase reporter assay, RNA immunoprecipitation, and RNA pulldown were performed to identify associations among LINC00665, miR-186-5p, and MAP4K3. Western blot was utilized to examine the expressions of MAP4K3, Beclin-1, and LC3. Tumor growth was evaluated in a xenograft model. RESULTS: Elevations in LINC00665 were observed in HCC tissues and cells. The overall survival of HCC patients with high levels of LINC00665 was shorter than those with low levels. In vitro, LINC00665 depletion inhibited viability and induced apoptosis and autophagy. miR-186-5p interacted with LINC00665 and was downregulated in HCC tissues and cells. Upregulation of miR-186-5p inhibited viability and induced apoptosis and autophagy, which were attenuated by upregulation of LINC00665. MAP4K3 was found to possess binding sites with miR-186-5p and was upregulated in HCC tissues and cells. MAP4K3 depletion inhibited viability and induced apoptosis and autophagy, which were attenuated by miR-186-5p inhibitor. In vivo, miR-186-5p expression was negatively correlated with LINC00665 or MAP4K3 in HCC tissues, while LINC00665 was positively correlated with MAP4K3. LINC00665 knockdown suppressed tumor growth. CONCLUSION: LINC00665 was involved in cell viability, apoptosis, and autophagy in HCC via miR-186-5p/MAP4K3 axis, which may provide a new approach for HCC treatment.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Autofagia/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Adulto , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regulação para Cima
10.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 158(4): 205-212, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434093

RESUMO

EHMT2 (euchromatic histone lysine methyltransferase 2), a histone methyltransferase, has been shown to be involved in multiple human cancers. In this study, we determined mRNA and protein expression of EHMT2 in cervical cancer cells and normal cervical epithelial cells. EHMT2 was inhibited with short hairpin RNA (shEHMT2) in cervical cancer cells. Cell viability, colony proliferation, apoptosis, adhesion, and invasion assays and Western blot were performed to assess the function of EHMT2. As a result, EHMT2 was upregulated in human cervical cancer cells compared to normal cervical epithelial cells. Suppression of EHMT2 expression impairs cell proliferation and induces apoptosis. Furthermore, EHMT2 silencing inhibited cell adhesion and invasion. Finally, knockdown of EHMT2 resulted in a reduction of the expression of the tumorigenic proteins Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and Survivin and in an increase in the expression of the anti-malignant protein E-cadherin. In conclusion, our data suggest that EHMT2 plays a key role in cell proliferation and metastatic capacity in cervical cancer cells and could serve as a potential therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Inativação Gênica , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/deficiência , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/enzimologia , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Apoptose/genética , Caderinas/biossíntese , Adesão Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade/metabolismo , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/genética , Metástase Neoplásica/patologia , Metástase Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética
11.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 33, 2019 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies have shown that cancer susceptibility candidate 11 (CASC11), a newly discovered long non-coding RNA (lncRNA), was aberrantly overexpressed in hepatic carcinoma, gastric cancer and colorectal cancer. However, its effects on cervical cancer has been kept unknown up to now. The present study was aimed to investigate the relationship between lncRNA CASC11 and cervical cancer and further explore the mechanism of CASC11 effect on cervical cancer progression. MATERIALS: Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) was used to detect the expressions of CASC11 in cancerous and adjacent normal tissues of patients with cervical cancer as well as in cell lines. The proliferation, migration, invasion and apoptosis were assayed after transfecting the cell with si-CASC11 or pcDNA3.1-CASC11. TOP/FOP-Flash luciferase reporter assay and western blot were used to analysis the activation of Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway. Si-CASC11-transfected HeLa cells were subcutaneously inoculated into male athymic (nude) mice to investigate the effect of CASC11 on the tumor formation. RESULTS: We discovered that CASC11, the expression of which was positively associated with the tumor size and the FIGO staging and negatively related to the patients' survival rate, was up-regulated in the cervical cancer tissues and cell lines. Silencing CASC11 inhibited the proliferation, migration as well as invasion and promoted the cell apoptosis. Conversely, overexpression of CASC11 facilitated the cancer cell's proliferation, migration and invasion ability and suppressed the apoptosis. Further study showed that CASC11 promoted the migration and invasion of cervical cancer cells by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway and silencing CASC11 inhibited the tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrated that CASC11 promoted the cervical cancer progression by activating Wnt/ß-catenin signaling pathway for the first time, which provides a new target or a potential diagnostic biomarker of the treatment for cervical cancer.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética , beta Catenina/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Camundongos , Infecções por Papillomavirus/complicações , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/virologia
12.
Biol Res ; 52(1): 35, 2019 Jul 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296259

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is one of the leading causes of death in the world. NSCLC diagnosed at an early stage can be highly curable with a positive prognosis, but biomarker limitations make it difficult to diagnose lung cancer at an early stage. To identify biomarkers for lung cancer development, we previously focused on the oncogenic roles of transcription factor TFAP2C in lung cancers and revealed the molecular mechanism of several oncogenes in lung tumorigenesis based on TFAP2C-related microarray analysis. RESULTS: In this study, we analyzed microarray data to identify tumor suppressor genes and nine genes downregulated by TFAP2C were screened. Among the nine genes, we focused on growth arrest and DNA-damage-inducible beta (GADD45B) and phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced protein 1 (PMAIP1) as representative TFAP2C-regulated tumor suppressor genes. It was observed that overexpressed TFAP2C resulted in inhibition of GADD45B and PMAIP1 expressions at both the mRNA and protein levels in NSCLC cells. In addition, downregulation of GADD45B and PMAIP1 by TFAP2C promoted cell proliferation and cell motility, which are closely associated with NSCLC tumorigenesis. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that GADD45B and PMAIP1 could be promising tumor suppressors for NSCLC and might be useful as prognostic markers for use in NSCLC therapy.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Diferenciação/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Fator de Transcrição AP-2/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/análise , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes Supressores de Tumor/fisiologia , Humanos , RNA Mensageiro/análise , RNA Interferente Pequeno/análise
13.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(8): 840-848, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31314587

RESUMO

microRNAs are a class of noncoding RNAs that play important roles in cancer progression. microRNA-183-3p (miR-183-3p) is a novel microRNA that is dysregulated in many kinds of cancers. Our previous studies found high expression and oncologic role of high-mobility group nucleosome binding domain 5 (HMGN5) in prostate cancer. In this study, we found that miR-183-3p was downregulated in prostate cancer cells and primary tissues compared with normal controls. In addition, miR-183-3p expression was negatively correlated with HMGN5 expression. On the basis of bioinformatics predication and quantitative polymerase chain reaction and Western blot verification, it is demonstrated that miR-183-3p regulated HMGN5 expression. Luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-183-3p directly targeted the 3'-untranslated region of HMGN5. Interestingly, cell proliferation and migration inhibition and apoptosis induction were also observed in miR-183-3p transfected human prostate cancer VCap and C4-2 cells. Moreover, overexpression of HMGN5 significantly reversed the inhibitory effect on cell proliferation and migration and promoted effect on cell apoptosis by miR-183-3p. Our data suggest that dysfunction of miR-183-3p-HMGN5 axis plays an oncogenic role and can be a therapeutic target for prostate cancer.


Assuntos
Proteínas HMGN/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Transativadores/genética , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Idoso , Apoptose/genética , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação para Baixo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas HMGN/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Transativadores/metabolismo
14.
Gene ; 714: 143955, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326549

RESUMO

AIM: MYC deregulation contributes to breast cancer development and progression. Deregulated expression levels of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) have been demonstrated to be critical players in development and/or maintenance of breast cancer. In this study we aimed to evaluate lncRNA expressions depending on MYC overexpression and knockdown in breast cancer cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cells were infected with lentiviral vectors by either knockdown or overexpression of c-MYC. LncRNA cDNA was transcribed from total RNA samples and lncRNAs were evaluated by qRT-PCR. RESULTS: Our results indicated that some of the lncRNAs having tumor suppressor (GAS5, MEG3, lincRNA-p21) and oncogenic roles (HOTAIR) are regulated by c-MYC. CONCLUSION: We observed that c-MYC regulates lncRNAs that have important roles on proliferation, cell cycle and etc. Further studies will give us a light to identify molecular mechanisms related to MYC-lncRNA regulatory pathways in breast cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , Oncogenes , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/biossíntese
15.
Gene ; 714: 143994, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330233

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) potentially regulates tumorigenesis. LncRNA small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) expression remains high in hepatocellular carcinoma cells; however, its biological mechanism in hepatocellular carcinoma remains unknown. In this study, SNHG1 expression in hepatocellular carcinoma cells was detected by qRT-PCR. Proliferative and migratory potentials of hepatocellular carcinoma cells were determined by CCK-8 and Transwell assay, respectively. Then, the nude mice model of xenograft was employed to verify the effect of SNHG1 on tumor formation in vivo. We identified the potential target of SNHG1 through bioinformatics and dual-luciferase reporter gene. Furthermore, Western blot and RIP assay was used for clarifying their interaction and functions in regulating the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. Our results indicated a high expression of SNHG1 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Downregulation of SNHG1 inhibited proliferative and migratory potentials of hepatocellular carcinoma cells in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, the expression of programmed cell death 4 (PDCD4) was positively regulated by SNHG1 through competing with miR-195-5p. These results indicated that SNHG1 participated in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma as a ceRNA to competitively bind to miR-195-5p and thus mediate PDCD4 expression.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/genética , Transformação Celular Neoplásica/patologia , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus
16.
Gene ; 714: 143992, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31330234

RESUMO

Increasing studies have demonstrated the important roles of circular RNAs (circRNAs) in human malignancies. Nevertheless, the molecular mechanisms and functions of circRNAs in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are still not fully understood. In the present study, we evaluated circ_0021093 expression in 82 pairs of HCC tissues and 5 cell lines by qRT-PCR. The clinical implications of circ_0021093 were evaluated. In addition, the viability, apoptosis, migration and invasion capacities of different HCC cells were evaluated by gain-/loss-of-function experiments. Target prediction and dual-luciferase reporter experiments were performed to identify the molecular mechanisms of circ_0021093. Upregulation of circ_0021093 was found in HCC tumor samples and cells. Additionally, upregulated circ_0021093 was related to adverse clinical characteristics and an unfavorable prognosis. Furthermore, downregulated circ_0021093 attenuated cell growth, migration and invasion but increased cell apoptosis. By contrast, ectopically expressed circ_0021093 enhanced the abovementioned malignant biological behaviors. For mechanism exploration, circ_0021093 sponges of miR-766-3p were used in HCC cells. In addition, we found that metastasis-associated protein 3 (MTA3) was a direct target of miR-766-3p and that the oncogenic function of circ_0021093 was partly dependent on the miR-766-3p/MTA3 axis according to rescue assays. In conclusion, the circ_0021093/miR-766-3p/MTA3 regulatory axis may be an effective therapeutic target for HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , RNA/genética , Apoptose/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Regulação para Cima/genética
17.
Gene ; 714: 143997, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31348981

RESUMO

Based on Akt1 and Jak1 key roles in apoptosis and proliferation of many cancers, the aim of this study was to find a new gene therapy strategy by silencing of these main anti-apoptotic genes for HNSCC treatment. Cancerous HN5 and normal HUVEC cell lines were treated with Akt1 and Jak1 siRNAs alone or with each other combined with/without cisplatin. The MTS, flow cytometry, 4',6-diamidino-2-phenylindole staining, real-time PCR and ELISA methods were utilized in this study. The highest percentage of apoptosis was observed in the treatment of Jak1 siRNA/cisplatin group in cancerous HN5 cells (96.5%) where this treatment showed 12.84% apoptosis in normal HUVEC cell line. Cell viability reduced significantly to 64.57% after treatment with Akt1 siRNA in HN5 treated group. Knocking down Akt1 and Jak1 genes using siRNAs could increase levels of apoptosis and reduce proliferation rate in HNSCC indicating the powerful effects of these genes siRNAs with or without chemotherapeutic agents in HNSCC treatment. In conclusion, the combination of siRNA-mediated gene-silencing strategy can be considered as a valuable and safe approach for sensitizing cancer cells to chemotherapeutic agents thus proposed further studies regarding this issue to approve some siRNA based therapeutics for using in clinic.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Janus Quinase 1/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/genética , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes/métodos , Inativação Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inativação Gênica/fisiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas de Cabeça e Pescoço/tratamento farmacológico
18.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(8): 727-734, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347327

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common cancer worldwide. Metastasis-associated lung adenocarcinoma transcript 1 (MALAT1), a long noncoding RNA (lncRNA), has been reported to be aberrantly expressed in hypoxic cancer cells. MALAT1 plays a significant role in many malignancies, including HCC. The aim of this study was to explore the role of MALAT1 in hypoxic HCC cells and its underlying regulatory mechanism. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Quantitative reverse transcription PCR (qRT-PCR) assay was performed to detect the mRNA levels of MALAT1 and microRNA-200a (miR-200a) in HCC cells. Cell invasion and migration ability were evaluated by Transwell assay. Starbase v2.0 and luciferase reporter assay were employed to identify the association between MALAT1 and miR-200a. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were measured by MTT assay and flow cytometry, respectively. RESULTS: MALAT1 levels were significantly upregulated in HCC cells under hypoxia. Hypoxia promoted proliferation, migration, and invasion, and blocked apoptosis in Hep3B cells, which were weakened by knockdown of MALAT1. Starbase v2.0 showed that MALAT1 and miR-200a have a complementarity region, and luciferase reporter assay verified that MALAT1 interacted with miR-200a in Hep3B cells. Moreover, MALAT1 negatively regulated the expression of miR-200a. miR-200a levels were dramatically downregulated in HCC cells under hypoxia. Upregulation of miR-200a inhibited proliferation, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis in Hep3B cells under hypoxia. Interestingly, downregulation of miR-200a partially reversed the tumor-suppressive effect of knockdown of MALAT1 on Hep3B cells in hypoxic condition. CONCLUSION: LncRNA MALAT1 was involved in proliferation, migration, invasion, and apoptosis by interacting with miR-200a in hypoxic Hep3B cells, revealing a new mechanism of MALAT1 involved in hypoxic HCC progression.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Hipóxia Tumoral/genética , Apoptose/genética , Sequência de Bases , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Regulação para Cima/genética
19.
Yonsei Med J ; 60(8): 751-759, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31347330

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to explore the effects and mechanisms of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) anti-differentiation non-coding RNA (ANCR) on the osteogenesis of osteoblast cells in postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMOP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice models of PMOP were established. ANCR expression and intracellular calcium ions were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and laser confocal microscopy, respectively. ANCR was silenced in osteoblast cells from PMOP mice by the transfection of siRNA-ANCR (si-ANCR). The proliferation and apoptosis of osteoblast cells was analyzed by MTT and flow cytometry, respectively. Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity and calcium nodules were examined by ALP and alizarin red staining assay, respectively. The expression of enhancer of zeste homolog 2 (EZH2), runt related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2), and OSTERIX was detected by qRT-PCR and Western blot. Furthermore, an osteogenesis model was constructed in mice, and osteoid formation was observed by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. The interaction between lncRNA-ANCR and EZH2 was further identified by RNA pull-down assay. RESULTS: ANCR expression and intracellular calcium ions were increased in PMOP mice. Si-ANCR significantly increased the proliferation, ALP activity, calcium deposition of osteoblast cells and decreased apoptosis. ANCR and EZH2 were down-regulated by si-ANCR, while RUNX2 and OSTERIX were upregulated. Si-ANCR also promoted osteoid formation in mice treated with hydroxyapatite-tricalcium phosphate. In addition, ANCR specifically bound to EZH2. CONCLUSION: Silencing ANCR promotes the osteogenesis of PMOP osteoblast cells. The specific binding of ANCR with EZH2 suppressed RUNX2, thereby inhibiting osteogenesis.


Assuntos
Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/metabolismo , Inativação Gênica , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Osteogênese , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/genética , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/patologia , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Osteoblastos/patologia , Osteogênese/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Fator de Transcrição Sp7/metabolismo
20.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2748-2759, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31301081

RESUMO

In hepatocarcinogenesis induced by diethylnitrosamine (DEN) in B6C3F1 mice, the BrafV637E mutation, corresponding to the human BRAFV600E mutation, plays a pivotal role. The livers of transgenic mice with a hepatocyte-specific human BRAFV600E mutation weighed 4.5 times more than that of normal mice and consisted entirely of hepatocytes, resembling DEN-induced preneoplastic hepatocytes. However, these transgenic mice spontaneously died 7 wk after birth, therefore this study aimed to clarify the causes of death. In the transgenic mice, the liver showed thrombopoietin (TPO) overexpression, which is associated with eventual megakaryocytosis and thrombocytosis, and activated platelets were deposited in hepatic sinusoids. TPO was also overexpressed in the DEN-induced hepatic tumors, and sinusoidal platelet deposition was observed in the hepatic tumors of humans and mice. Podoplanin was expressed in some of the Kupffer cells in the liver of the transgenic mice, indicating that platelet activation occurred via the interaction of podoplanin with C-type lectin receptor 2 (CLEC-2) on the platelet membrane. Additionally, erythrocyte dyscrasia and glomerulonephropathy/interstitial pneumonia associated with platelet deposition were observed. In the transgenic mice, aspirin (Asp) administration prevented platelet activation, reduced the liver/body weight ratio, decreased the platelet deposition in the liver, kidney, and lung, and prevented erythrocyte dyscrasia and ameliorated the renal/pulmonary changes. Thrombopoietin overproduction by BRAFV600E-mutated hepatocytes may contribute to hepatocyte proliferation via thrombocytosis, platelet activation, and the interaction of platelets with hepatic sinusoidal cells, while hematologic, renal, and pulmonary disorders due to aberrant platelet activation may lead to spontaneous death in the transgenic mice.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/genética , Trombopoetina/metabolismo , Animais , Biópsia , Plaquetas/patologia , Medula Óssea/patologia , Capilares/patologia , Carcinógenos/administração & dosagem , Carcinógenos/toxicidade , Proliferação de Células/genética , Dietilnitrosamina/administração & dosagem , Dietilnitrosamina/toxicidade , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Hepatectomia , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Fígado/citologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Hepáticas Experimentais/genética , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Endogâmicos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Ativação Plaquetária/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas B-raf/metabolismo , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
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