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1.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(30): 8312-8318, 2019 Jul 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31287303

RESUMO

The role of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) in nitric oxide (NO)-reduced chilling injury (CI) in peach fruit was investigated. The fruit were immersed in sodium nitroprusside (SNP) (NO donor) and neomycin (IP3 inhibitor). Results showed that chilling tolerance was enhanced upon exogenous SNP in postharvest peach fruit. Further, GABA accumulation was stimulated by SNP. The increase in protein expression and activity for enzymes in GABA biosynthesis, including glutamate decarboxylase (GAD), polyamine oxidase (PAO), and amino aldehyde dehydrogenase (AMADH), upon SNP treatment was also observed. Also, the up-regulation of Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) and ornithine d-aminotransferase (OAT) and the down-regulation of proline dehydrogenase (PDH) were induced by SNP treatment, thereby accelating proline production. Additionally, SNP treatment elevated protein expression and activity of alternative oxidase (AOX). The above effects induced upon SNP were partly weakened by neomycin. Therefore, IP3 mediated NO-activated GABA and proline accumulation as well as AOX, thus inducing chilling tolerance in postharvest peach fruit.


Assuntos
Frutas/química , Inositol 1,4,5-Trifosfato/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Prunus persica/metabolismo , Aldeído Desidrogenase/metabolismo , Temperatura Baixa , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Frutas/metabolismo , Glutamato Descarboxilase/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo CH-NH/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Prunus persica/química , Prunus persica/enzimologia , Ácido gama-Aminobutírico/metabolismo
2.
Aquat Toxicol ; 213: 105228, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31229888

RESUMO

The present work was conducted to study how restoration of perturbed oxidant and antioxidant homeostasis is achieved in the UV-C radiation exposed cells of cyanobacterium Nostoc muscorum Meg1. Exposure to varying doses of UV-C radiation (6, 12, 18 and 24 mJ/cm2) showed damage to ultrastructures especially cytoplasmic membrane, cell wall and organisation of thylakoid membranes of the cyanobacterium under transmission electron microscope (TEM). All doses of UV-C exposure significantly induced most of the enzymatic antioxidant {catalase, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione reductase (GR)} activities, their protein levels (western blot analysis) and mRNA levels (real time PCR analysis) within the first hour of post UV-C radiation incubation period. In the same way, contents of many non-enzymatic antioxidants such as ascorbic acid, reduced glutathione, proline, phenol and flavonoids were also augmented in response to such UV-C radiation exposure. Although notable increase in ROS level was only seen in cultures treated with 24 mJ/cm2 UV-C exposure which also registered increase in protein oxidation (22%) and lipid peroxidation (20%), this boost in both enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants was significant in all radiation exposed cells indicating cell's preparation to combat rise in oxidants. Further, albeit all antioxidants increased considerably, their levels were restored back to control values by day seventh re-establishing physiological redox state for normal metabolic function. The combined efficiency of the enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants were so effective that they were able to bring down the increase levels of ROS, lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation to the physiological levels within 1 h of radiation exposure signifying their importance in the defensive roles in protecting the organism from oxidative toxicity induced by UV-C radiation exposure.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Homeostase , Nostoc muscorum/fisiologia , Nostoc muscorum/efeitos da radiação , Oxidantes/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta , Ácido Ascórbico/metabolismo , Catalase/metabolismo , Cisteína/metabolismo , Flavonoides/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Redutase/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos da radiação , Nostoc muscorum/ultraestrutura , Oxirredução , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos da radiação , Prolina/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade
3.
Plant Mol Biol ; 101(1-2): 95-112, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31236845

RESUMO

KEY MESSAGE: Sorghum glycine rich proline rich protein (SbGPRP1) exhibit antimicrobial properties and play a crucial role during biotic stress condition. Several proteins in plants build up the innate immune response system in plants which get triggered during the occurrence of biotic stress. Here we report the functional characterization of a glycine-rich proline-rich protein (SbGPRP1) from Sorghum which was previously demonstrated to be involved in abiotic stresses. Expression studies carried out with SbGPRP1 showed induced expression upon application of phytohormones like salicylic acid which might be the key in fine-tuning the expression level. Upon challenging the Sorghum plants with a compatible pathogen the SbGprp1 transcript was found to be upregulated. SbGPRP1 encodes a 197 amino acid polypeptide which was bacterially-expressed and purified for in vitro assays. Gram-positive bacteria like Bacillus and phytopathogen Rhodococcus fascians showed inhibited growth in the presence of the protein. The NPN assay, electrolytic leakage and SEM analysis showed membrane damage in bacterial cells. Ectopic expression of SbGPRP1 in tobacco plants led to enhanced tolerance towards infection caused by R. fascians. Though the N-terminal part of the protein showed disorderness the C-terminal end was quite capable of forming several α-helices which was correlated with CD spectroscopic analysis. Here, we have tried to determine the structural model for the protein and predicted the association of antimicrobial activity with the C-terminal region of the protein.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Doenças das Plantas/imunologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/farmacologia , Sorghum/genética , Bacillus/efeitos dos fármacos , Expressão Ectópica do Gene , Glicina/metabolismo , Filogenia , Doenças das Plantas/microbiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Prolina/metabolismo , Rhodococcus/efeitos dos fármacos , Sorghum/imunologia , Sorghum/metabolismo , Sorghum/microbiologia , Estresse Fisiológico , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/imunologia , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tabaco/microbiologia
4.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(7): 1124-1136, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216607

RESUMO

Salinity is one of the major abiotic stresses that cause reduction of plant growth and crop productivity. It has been reported that plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) could confer abiotic stress tolerance to plants. In a previous study, we screened bacterial strains capable of enhancing plant health under abiotic stresses and identified these strains based on 16s rRNA sequencing analysis. In this study, we investigated the effects of two selected strains, Bacillus aryabhattai H19-1 and B. mesonae H20-5, on responses of tomato plants against salinity stress. As a result, they alleviated decrease in plant growth and chlorophyll content; only strain H19-1 increased carotenoid content compared to that in untreated plants under salinity stress. Strains H19-1 and H20-5 significantly decreased electrolyte leakage, whereas they increased Ca2+ content compared to that in the untreated control. Our results also indicated that H20-5-treated plants accumulated significantly higher levels of proline, abscisic acid (ABA), and antioxidant enzyme activities compared to untreated and H19-1-treated plants during salinity stress. Moreover, strain H20-5 upregulated 9-cisepoxycarotenoid dioxygenase 1 (NCED1) and abscisic acid-response element-binding proteins 1 (AREB1) genes, otherwise strain H19-1 downregulated AREB1 in tomato plants after the salinity challenge. These findings demonstrated that strains H19-1 and H20-5 induced ABA-independent and -dependent salinity tolerance, respectively, in tomato plants, therefore these strains can be used as effective bio-fertilizers for sustainable agriculture.


Assuntos
Bacillus/fisiologia , Lycopersicon esculentum/fisiologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/farmacologia , Tolerância ao Sal/efeitos dos fármacos , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Fertilizantes , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lycopersicon esculentum/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/fisiologia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Prolina/metabolismo , Estresse Salino
5.
Plant Sci ; 285: 55-67, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31203894

RESUMO

C2H2-type zinc finger proteins play important roles in plant growth, development, and abiotic stress tolerance. Here, we explored the role of the C2H2-type zinc finger protein SALT INDUCED ZINC FINGER PROTEIN1 (AtSIZ1; At3G25910) in Arabidopsis thaliana under salt stress. AtSIZ1 expression was induced by salt treatment. During the germination stage, the germination rate, germination energy, germination index, cotyledon growth rate, and root length were significantly higher in AtSIZ1 overexpression lines than in the wild type under various stress treatments, whereas these indices were significantly reduced in AtSIZ1 loss-of-function mutants. At the mature seedling stage, the overexpression lines maintained higher levels of K+, proline, and soluble sugar, lower levels of Na+ and MDA, and lower Na+/K+ ratios than the wild type. Stress-related marker genes such as SOS1, AtP5CS1, AtGSTU5, COR15A, RD29A, and RD29B were expressed at higher levels in the overexpression lines than the wild type and loss-of-function mutants under salt treatment. These results indicate that AtSIZ1 improves salt tolerance in Arabidopsis by helping plants maintain ionic homeostasis and osmotic balance.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Ligases/fisiologia , Dedos de Zinco/fisiologia , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/fisiologia , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Homeostase , Ligases/genética , Filogenia , Potássio/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Estresse Salino , Tolerância ao Sal , Sódio/metabolismo , Dedos de Zinco/genética
6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 179: 198-211, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048216

RESUMO

Among the most intriguing features characterizing extremophile plants is their ability to rapidly recover growth activity upon stress release. Here, we investigated the responses of the halophyte C. maritima to drought and recovery at both physiological and leaf proteome levels. Six week-old plants were either cultivated at 100% or at 25% field capacity. After 12 d of treatment, one lot of dehydrated plants was rewatered to 100% FC for 14 d (stress release). Drought stress impaired shoot hydration, photosynthetic activity and chlorophyll content compared to the control, resulting in severe plant growth restriction. This was concomitant with a marked increase in anthocyanin and proline concentrations. Upon stress release, C. maritima rapidly recovered with respect to all measured parameters. Two-dimensional gel-based proteome analysis of leaves revealed 84 protein spots with significantly changed volumes at the compared conditions: twenty-eight protein spots between normally watered plants and stressed plants but even 70 proteins between stressed and recovered plants. Proteins with higher abundance induced upon rewatering were mostly involved in photosynthesis, glycolytic pathway, TCA cycle, protein biosynthesis, and other metabolic pathways. Overall, C. maritima likely adopts a drought-avoidance strategy, involving efficient mechanisms specifically taking place upon stress release, leading to fast and strong recovery.


Assuntos
Brassicaceae/metabolismo , Secas , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteoma/metabolismo , Plantas Tolerantes a Sal/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Clorofila/metabolismo , Fotossíntese/fisiologia , Prolina/metabolismo , Tunísia , Água/metabolismo
7.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(4): 29-36, 2019 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078149

RESUMO

Concerns about nanoparticles environmental pollution risk have been increased globally due to an increase in the production of nanoparticles in recent years and their use in diverse cases. The purpose of this experiment was to study the alleviation effect of humic acid on nanoparticles toxicity in greenhouse conditions. Thus two separate experiments were conducted at the rosette growing stages of rapeseed in a factorial experiment as a completely randomized design with three replications. The first factor was copper and zinc oxide nanoparticle in five concentrations of 0, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000 mg.L-1 in each of experiments and the second factor was humic acid in two concentrations of 0 and 100 mg.L-1 in both experiments. The results showed that simultaneously application of humic acid and the nanoparticles resulted in increasing of chlorophyll, protein contents, and antioxidants enzymes activity. For example, the maximum activity of catalase was 170.72 and 296.82 µmol.min-1.mg-1 proteins when CuO nanoparticle was utilized alone and together with humic acid respectively. Also increasing the concentration of CuO nanoparticle reduced protein content from 2.44 to 1.88 (mg.gr-1 Fresh leaf weight), while its range was 2.86 and 2.49 (mg.gr-1 Fresh leaf weight) when adding the humic acid. Transmission electron microscopy images of root tissue confirm the decreasing of nanoparticles entrance to plant cell and tissue by humic acid. In general, application of humic acid alleviated the nanoparticles toxicity, due to the high adsorption capacity that is able to get out the metals from plants or like-hormonal activity probably.


Assuntos
Brassica napus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cobre/toxicidade , Substâncias Húmicas , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Óxido de Zinco/toxicidade , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Brassica napus/enzimologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/ultraestrutura , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/ultraestrutura , Prolina/metabolismo , Solo , Solubilidade
8.
J Plant Physiol ; 238: 12-19, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31121523

RESUMO

In this study, the effect of 24-Epibrassinolide (EBL) on antioxidant system in Arabidopsis thaliana were investigated under arsenate [As(V)] stress. The enzyme activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT), total antioxidant status, malondialdehyde (MDA) level and free proline content, as well as the expression levels of SOD isoforms (Cu-ZnSODs, FeSODs and MnSOD), CAT isoforms (CAT1, CAT2 and CAT3), some heat shock proteins (Hsp70-4 and Hsp90-1) and proline biosynthesis (P5CS1 and P5CS2) genes were determined in rosette leaves of eight-week old plants under exposure of 100 and 200 µM As(V) and/or 1 µM EBL treatments for 24 h. Total SOD and CAT enzyme activities increased as a result of 100 µM As(V) + EBL treatments compared to 100 µM As(V) treatment. Total antioxidant and proline levels increased in plants subjected to As(V), and the treatment of EBL together with stress caused further increase. As the MDA level increased in As-treated plants, 100 µM As(V) + EBL treatment decreased MDA level. Transcript levels of CSD1, CSD2, FSD1, FSD2, MSD1 and CAT2 genes increased as a result of combined treatment of EBL and As(V) compared to control and alone stress treatments (except CSD1 gene). Expression level of CSD3, CAT1 and CAT3 genes were downregulated in response to As(V) and/or EBL treatments. EBL application alone and in combination with As(V) elevated the expression level of P5CS1 gene dramatically. Treatment with 100 µM As(V) and EBL increased the transcript level of Hsp70-4 and Hsp90-1 genes in leaves compared to 100 µM As(V) treatment. To our best knowledge, this is the first detailed study to evaluate the improving effect of EBL on antioxidant defense system at biochemical and transcriptional level in A. thaliana plants under As(V) stress.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Arsênico/toxicidade , Brassinosteroides/farmacologia , Esteroides Heterocíclicos/farmacologia , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Catalase/metabolismo , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Isoformas de Proteínas , Estresse Fisiológico/efeitos dos fármacos , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo
9.
J Plant Physiol ; 238: 40-52, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129470

RESUMO

Plant viral infections alter gene expression and metabolism in infected host. To study the molecular responses of Mexican lime to CTV infection, an analysis of plant metabolome in response to infection with severe (T318) or mild (T385) isolates of CTV was performed. Healthy plants and those infected with any of the two virus strains showed different metabolite profiles, at different stages of new sprout development. Proline content increased in plants infected with CTV, proportionally to the virulence of the virus strain. Abscisic acid content decreased after virus infection whereas jasmonic and salicylic acid levels increased. CTV infection had an impact on plant secondary metabolism, by stimulating the synthesis of different metabolites such as l-methylhistidine, phenylpropanoid derivatives. These metabolites are common responses of different organisms, including higher mammals, to viral diseases, and its presence in this system points to the existence of universal responses to virus infection among different kingdoms.


Assuntos
Citrus aurantiifolia/virologia , Closterovirus , Doenças das Plantas/virologia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Citrus aurantiifolia/metabolismo , Citrus aurantiifolia/fisiologia , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Ácido Salicílico/metabolismo
10.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 140: 113-121, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31100704

RESUMO

Soil salinity is a major abiotic stress affecting plant growth and yield, due to both osmotic and ionic stresses. JUBGBRUNNEN1 (JUB1) is a NAC family transcription factor that has been shown to be involved in responses to abiotic stresses, such as water deficit, osmotic, salinity, heat and oxidative stress. In Arabidopsis thaliana (Arabidopsis), JUB1 has been shown to improve plant stress tolerance by regulating H2O2 levels. In the horticultural crop, Solanum lycopersicum cv. Moneymaker (tomato), overexpression of AtJUB1 has been shown to partially alleviate water deficit stress at the vegetative stage. In this study, we investigated the effect of Arabidopsis JUB1 overexpression in salinity tolerance in tomato. In hydroponically grown tomato seedlings, AtJUB1 overexpression results in higher prolines levels and improves the maintenance of water content in the plant under salinity stress. The transgenic tomato plants are more tolerant to salinity stress compared to control lines based on plant biomass. However, at the reproductive stage, we found that overexpression of AtJUB1 only provided marginal improvements in yield-related parameters, in the conditions used for the current work. The combination of improved water deficit and salinity stress tolerance conferred by AtJUB1 overexpression may be beneficial when tomato plants are grown in the field under marginal environments.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Lycopersicon esculentum/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lycopersicon esculentum/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Prolina/metabolismo , Tolerância ao Sal , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
11.
Plant Sci ; 284: 57-66, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31084879

RESUMO

The transmembrane transport of NO3- and Cd2+ into plant cell vacuoles relies on the energy from their tonoplast proton pumps, V-ATPase and V-PPase. If the activity of these pumps is reduced, it results in less NO3- and Cd2+ being transported into the vacuoles, which contributes to better nitrogen use efficiency (NUE) and lower Cd2+ tolerance in plants. The physiological mechanisms that regulate the balance between NUE and Cd2+ tolerance remain unknown. In our study, two Brassica napus genotypes with differential NUEs, xiangyou 15 and 814, and Atclca-2 mutant and AtCAX4 over-expression line (AtCAX4-OE) of Arabidopsis thaliana, were used to investigate Cd2+ stress responses. We found that the Brassica napus genotype, with higher NUE, was more sensitive to Cd2+ stress. The AtCAX4-OE mutant, with higher Cd2+ vacuolar sequestration capacity (VSC), limited NO3- sequestration into root vacuoles and promoted NUE. Atclca-2 mutants, with decreased NO3- VSC, enhanced Cd2+ sequestration into root vacuoles and conferred greater Cd2+ tolerance than the WT. This may be due to the competition between Cd2+ andNO3- in the vacuoles for the energy provided by V-ATPase and V-PPase. Regulating the balance between Cd2+ and NO3- vacuolar accumulation by inhibiting the activity of CLCa transporter and increasing the activity of CAX4 transporter will simultaneously enhance both the NUE and Cd2+ tolerance of Brassica napus, essential for improving its Cd2+ phytoremediation potential.


Assuntos
Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Brassica napus/metabolismo , Cádmio/toxicidade , Nitrogênio/metabolismo , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Brassica napus/efeitos dos fármacos , Cádmio/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Glutamato-Amônia Ligase/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Nitrato Redutase/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Bombas de Próton/metabolismo , Vacúolos/metabolismo
12.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(6): 81, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134389

RESUMO

TiO2 nanoparticles (TiO2NPs) is one of the most widely used nanomaterials. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are an important and widely distributed group of soil microorganisms, which promote the absorption of nutrients by host plants and increase their tolerance to contaminants. However, the effects and mechanisms of AMF on plant TiO2NPs tolerance in wetland habitats are not clear. In this experiment, under the conditions of three soil moisture contents (drought 50%, normal 70% and flooding 100%) and four TiO2NPs concentrations (0, 100, 200 and 500 mg kg-1), the effects of Funneliformis mosseae on the growth, antioxidant enzyme activities, osmotic substances and the absorption and accumulation of Ti in the Phragmites australis (reed) seedlings were studied. The results showed that the inoculation of F. mosseae under three moisture content conditions significantly increased the plant nutrition and root activities of reeds. Compared with the non-inoculated control, inoculation with F. mosseae increased the activities of antioxidant enzymes, the contents of chlorophyll, proline, soluble protein, and free amino acids, and significantly reduced the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA) and reactive oxygen species (ROS) of leaves. The accumulating ability of inoculated reeds to Ti was significantly higher than that of non-inoculated controls (P < 0.05), and inoculation of F. mosseae changed the distribution of Ti in reeds, increased the accumulation of Ti in roots. It's confirmed that inoculation of F. mosseae under three water conditions could improve the plant growth and nutrition, the activities of antioxidant enzymes, and enhance the reeds tolerance to TiO2NPs in this study.


Assuntos
Glomeromycota/fisiologia , Nanopartículas/toxicidade , Poaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Poaceae/microbiologia , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Estresse Fisiológico , Titânio/toxicidade , Água/metabolismo , Aminoácidos/metabolismo , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Clorofila/metabolismo , Secas , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Osmose , Desenvolvimento Vegetal , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/microbiologia , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Prolina/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/microbiologia , Microbiologia do Solo , Áreas Alagadas
13.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 52-58, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30955438

RESUMO

Trans-4-hydroxy-L-proline (Hyp) production by Escherichia coli (E. coli) in fermentation is a high-oxygen-demand process. E. coli secretes large amounts of soluble protein, especially in the anaphase of fermentation, which is an important factor leading to inadequate oxygen supply. And acetic acid that is the major by-product of Hyp production accumulates under low dissolved oxygen (DO). To increase DO and achieve high-level Hyp production, soluble protein was hydrolysed by adding protease in Hyp fermentation. The optimal protease, concentration, and addition time were trypsin, 0.2 g/L, and 18 h, respectively. With the addition of trypsin, the soluble protein in Hyp fermentation decreased by 43.5%. The DO could be maintained at 20-30% throughout fermentation. Hyp production and glucose conversion rate were 45.3 g/L and 18.1%, which were increases of 24.1% and 8.4%, respectively. The accumulation of acetic acid was decreased by 52.1%. The metabolic flux of Hyp was increased by 44.2% and the flux of acetate was decreased by 51.0%.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Escherichia coli/química , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Hidroxiprolina/biossíntese , Oxigênio/química , Prolina/metabolismo , Prolil Hidroxilases/metabolismo , Ácido Acético/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Acético/metabolismo , Fermentação , Glucose/agonistas , Glucose/metabolismo , Humanos , Hidrólise , Microbiologia Industrial/métodos , Cinética , Proteólise , Solubilidade , Tripsina/química
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(8)2019 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30995804

RESUMO

Salinity is a major abiotic stress that limits maize yield and quality throughout the world. We investigated phosphoproteomics differences between a salt-tolerant inbred line (Zheng58) and a salt-sensitive inbred line (Chang7-2) in response to short-term salt stress using label-free quantitation. A total of 9448 unique phosphorylation sites from 4116 phosphoproteins in roots and shoots of Zheng58 and Chang7-2 were identified. A total of 209 and 243 differentially regulated phosphoproteins (DRPPs) in response to NaCl treatment were detected in roots and shoots, respectively. Functional analysis of these DRPPs showed that they were involved in carbon metabolism, glutathione metabolism, transport, and signal transduction. Among these phosphoproteins, the expression of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase 2, pyruvate dehydrogenase, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, glutamate decarboxylase, glutamate synthase, l-gulonolactone oxidase-like, potassium channel AKT1, high-affinity potassium transporter, sodium/hydrogen exchanger, and calcium/proton exchanger CAX1-like protein were significantly regulated in roots, while phosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase 1, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase, sodium/hydrogen exchanger, plasma membrane intrinsic protein 2, glutathione transferases, and abscisic acid-insensitive 5-like protein were significantly regulated in shoots. Zheng58 may activate carbon metabolism, glutathione and ascorbic acid metabolism, potassium and sodium transportation, and the accumulation of glutamate to enhance its salt tolerance. Our results help to elucidate the mechanisms of salt response in maize seedlings. They also provide a basis for further study of the mechanism underlying salt response and tolerance in maize and other crops.


Assuntos
Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Estresse Salino , Tolerância ao Sal , Zea mays/fisiologia , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/metabolismo , Metais/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/fisiologia , Prolina/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Plântula/fisiologia
15.
IET Nanobiotechnol ; 13(1): 66-70, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30964040

RESUMO

The interaction between nanoparticles and plants is inevitable. In this study, the effect of different concentrations of ZnO nanoparticles synthesised using olive extract on the soybean was studied. The soybean seeds were cultured in a Hoagland medium containing agar which was treated different concentrations (0, 200 and 400 ppm) of ZnO nanoparticles. After 21 days, the plants were harvested and the parameters of proline, anthocyanin, malondialdehyde (MDA), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), chlorophyll and carotenoid contents and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase (PAL) and catalase (CAT) activity in soybeans (Glycine max) were measured. The results showed that the levels of chlorophyll a and b and carotenoid at concentrations of 200 and 400 ppm in comparison with control decreased, while carotenoid content at 200 ppm concentration at a concentration of 400 ppm was not significant. The level of anthocyanin and PAL activity increased with increasing concentration of nanoparticles, while proline content decreased. By increasing the concentration of ZnO nanoparticles, the content of MDA and hydrogen peroxide increased compared to control but CAT activity did not change significantly. This research suggests that ZnO nanoparticles synthesised using olive extract in soybean plants may be toxic by reactive oxygen species production.


Assuntos
Clorofila/metabolismo , Fabaceae , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Óxido de Zinco/farmacologia , Antocianinas/análise , Antocianinas/metabolismo , Carotenoides/análise , Carotenoides/metabolismo , Clorofila/análise , Fabaceae/química , Fabaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Fabaceae/metabolismo , Prolina/análise , Prolina/metabolismo , Óxido de Zinco/química
16.
Environ Sci Pollut Res Int ; 26(17): 17163-17172, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31001773

RESUMO

High temperature poses a severe extortion to productivity of many crops like wheat. Therefore, well documented roles of brassinosteroid (BR) and silicon (Si) in terms of abiotic stress tolerance, the current study was designed to evaluate the response of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. Var. PBW-343) to 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) mediated by silicon grown under high temperature stress. At 10- and 12-day stage after sowing, the seedlings were administered Si (0.8 mM) through the sand, and the plants at 20, 22, or 24 days after sowing (DAS) were given EBL (0.01µM) through foliage. Plants were treated to high-temperature stress (35/28 or 40/35 °C), for 24 h with 12-h photoperiod in plant growth chamber at 25- and 26-day stage of growth. High temperatures cause significant reduction in growth performance and photosynthesis-related attributes at 35 days after sowing. However, antioxidant enzymes and proline content also augmented substantially with increasing temperature. BR and Si enhanced antioxidant activity and proline content, which was earlier increased by the high temperature. It is established that interaction of EBL and Si considerably improved the growth features, photosynthetic efficacy, and several biochemical traits under high-temperature stress through elevated antioxidant system and osmoprotectant.


Assuntos
Brassinosteroides/metabolismo , Silício/metabolismo , Esteroides Heterocíclicos/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Triticum/fisiologia , Antioxidantes , Fotossíntese , Prolina/metabolismo , Plântula/metabolismo , Silício/química , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Triticum/crescimento & desenvolvimento
17.
Biotechnol Lett ; 41(4-5): 605-611, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937578

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The construction of a novel bioanode based on L-proline oxidation using a cascade reaction pathway comprised of thermostable dehydrogenases. RESULTS: A novel multi-enzymatic cascade pathway, containing four kinds of dehydrogenases from thermophiles (dye-linked L-proline dehydrogenase, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD)-dependent Δ1-pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase, NAD-dependent L-glutamate dehydrogenase and dye-linked NADH dehydrogenase), was designed for the generation of six-electrons from one molecule of L-proline. The current density of the four-dehydrogenase-immobilized electrode, with a voltage of + 450 mV (relative to that of Ag/AgCl), was 226.8 µA/cm2 in the presence of 10 mM L-proline and 0.5 mM ferrocene carboxylate at 50 °C. This value was 4.2-fold higher than that of a similar electrode containing a single dehydrogenase. In addition, about 54% of the initial current in the multi-enzyme cascade bioanode was maintained even after 15 days. CONCLUSIONS: Efficient deep oxidation of L-proline by multiple-enzyme cascade reactions was achieved in our designed electrode. The multi-enzyme cascade bioanode, which was built using thermophilic dehydrogenases, showed high durability at room temperature. The long-term stability of the bioanode indicates that it shows great potential for applications as a long-lived enzymatic fuel cell.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Eletricidade , Eletrodos , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Oxirredutases/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Oxirredução
18.
J Pept Sci ; 25(5): e3172, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006945

RESUMO

Venoms have recently emerged as a promising field in drug discovery due to their good selectivity and affinity for a wide range of biological targets. Among their multiple potential applications, venoms are a rich source of blood-brain barrier (BBB) peptide shuttles. We previously described a short nontoxic derivative of apamin, MiniAp-4, which can transport a wide range of cargoes across the BBB. Here, we have studied the conformation of the proline residue of a range of MiniAp-4 analogues by high-field NMR techniques, with the aim to identify whether there is a direct relation between the cis/trans population and a range of features, such as the capacity to transport molecules across a human-based cellular model and stability in various media. The most promising candidate showed improved transport properties for a relevant small fluorophore.


Assuntos
Apamina/metabolismo , Barreira Hematoencefálica/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Apamina/química , Apamina/isolamento & purificação , Transporte Biológico , Barreira Hematoencefálica/química , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Prolina/química , Conformação Proteica , Estereoisomerismo
19.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(3): 1-10, 2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942150

RESUMO

In this study the effects of zinc sulfate and gibberellin on agro physiological of white bean under water deficiency were studied. Therefore, an experiment was conducted in a split-split plot design based on a randomized complete block with three replications in two places. The experimental factors included three irrigation levels, spraying of zinc sulfate in four levels and two levels of non-spraying and spraying of gibberellin. Analysis of measured data indicated that the water stress had a significant effect on all traits, except proline amount and 100 seeds weight. Spraying of zinc sulfate showed a significant effect on all traits except carotenoid value. Application of gibberellin had a significant effect on all traits except ion leakage, carotenoids, number of seeds per pod and grain yield. The interaction effect of stress×zincsulfate×gibberellin was significant on all traits except number of seeds per pod. In addition, comparison of means at 5% level, showed that application of 1.5 ml L-1of zinc sulfate plus gibberellin improved bean biochemical properties. Under optimum water level, using of 4.5 ml L-1of zinc sulfate and under severe water stress conditions, using of 4.5 ml L-1 of zinc sulfate plus gibberellin are recommended for obtaining the maximum crop performance.


Assuntos
Secas , Fabaceae/fisiologia , Giberelinas/farmacologia , Sulfato de Zinco/farmacologia , Análise de Variância , Desidratação , Eletrólitos/metabolismo , Fabaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Geografia , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/efeitos dos fármacos , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Raízes de Plantas/anatomia & histologia , Raízes de Plantas/efeitos dos fármacos , Prolina/metabolismo , Água/metabolismo
20.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 139: 459-469, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30999133

RESUMO

Salinity stress can severely affect the growth and production of the crop plants. Cheap and reliable actions are needed to enable the crop plants to grow normal under saline conditions. Modification at the molecular level to produce resistant cultivars is one of the promising, yet highly expensive techniques, whereas application of endophytes on the other hand are very cheap. In this regard, the role of Cochliobolus sp. in alleviating NaCl-induced stress in okra has been investigated. The growth and biomass yield, relative water content, chlorophyll content and IAA were decreased, whereas malondialdehyde (MDA) and proline content were increased in okra plants treated with 100 mM NaCl. On the contrary, okra plants inoculated with C. lunatus had higher shoot length, root length, plant dry weight, chlorophyll, carotenoids, xanthophyll, phenolicss, flavonoids, IAA, total soluble sugar and relative water content, while lower MDA. LC-MS/MS analysis of the Cochliobolus sp. extract revealed the presence of pinocembrin, chlorogenic acids, wogonin, calycosin and diadzein as a salinity stress reliever. From the results, it can be concluded that colonization of Cochliobolus sp. improves the NaCl tolerance by ameliorating the physicochemical attributes of the host plants.


Assuntos
Abelmoschus/efeitos dos fármacos , Abelmoschus/microbiologia , Ascomicetos/metabolismo , Ascomicetos/fisiologia , Cloreto de Sódio/farmacologia , Abelmoschus/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Prolina/metabolismo , Salinidade , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
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