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1.
Med. clín (Ed. impr.) ; 155(7): 295-298, oct. 2020. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-193238

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: A recent outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) occurs in the worldwide. Angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) can mediate coronavirus entry into host cells. Therefore, renin–angiotensin system inhibitors (RASI) were suspected of contributing to the increase of coronavirus infection. We aimed to analyze the effects of RASI in COVID-19 patients with hypertension. PATIENTS AND METHOD: In this retrospective, single-center study, 27 COVID-19 patients with hypertension, who were admitted to the Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center from January 25, 2020 to January 31, 2020, were analyzed for clinical features, laboratory parameters, medications and the length of stay. All the patients were given antiviral and antihypertension treatment, of which 14 patients were treated with RASI and 13 patients without RASI. RESULTS: Comparing the two groups, we did not found statistically significant differences in clinical symptoms and laboratory tests. Furthermore, cough was not aggravated. CONCLUSIONS: Through the analysis of this small sample, RASI could be deemed safe and effective to control high blood pressure of COVID-19 patients. Further analysis with a larger sampling size is required to explore the underlying mechanism


INTRODUCCIÓN Y OBJETIVO: Un reciente brote de la enfermedad coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) se produce en todo el mundo. La enzima convertidora de angiotensina 2 (ACE2) puede mediar la entrada del coronavirus en las células huésped. Por lo tanto, se sospechaba que los inhibidores del sistema renina-angiotensina (SRA) contribuían al aumento de la infección por coronavirus. Nos propusimos analizar los efectos de los SRA en los pacientes COVID-19 con hipertensión. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: En este estudio retrospectivo, de un solo centro, se analizaron 27 pacientes de COVID-19 con hipertensión, que fueron admitidos en el Centro Clínico de Salud Pública de Shangai desde el 25 de enero de 2020 hasta el 31 de enero de 2020, para determinar las características clínicas, los parámetros de laboratorio, los medicamentos y la duración de la estancia. A todos los pacientes se les administró un tratamiento antiviral y antihipertensivo, de los cuales 14 pacientes fueron tratados con SRA y 13 sin SRA. RESULTADOS: Comparando los dos grupos, no encontramos diferencias estadísticamente significativas en los síntomas clínicos y las pruebas de laboratorio. Además, la tos no se agravó. CONCLUSIONES: A través del análisis de esta pequeña muestra, el SRA podría considerarse seguro y eficaz para controlar la presión arterial alta de los pacientes con COVID-19. Es necesario realizar más análisis con una muestra de mayor tamaño para explorar los mecanismos subyacentes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Idoso , Inibidores da Enzima Conversora de Angiotensina/administração & dosagem , Anti-Hipertensivos/administração & dosagem , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Hipertensão/tratamento farmacológico , Sistema Renina-Angiotensina , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/virologia , Carga Viral
3.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 16384, 2020 10 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33009426

RESUMO

The COVID-19 outbreak is becoming a public health emergency. Data are limited on the clinical characteristics and causes of death. A retrospective analysis of COVID-19 deaths were performed for patients' clinical characteristics, laboratory results, and causes of death. In total, 56 patients (72.7%) of the decedents (male-female ratio 51:26, mean age 71 ± 13, mean survival time 17.4 ± 8.4 days) had comorbidities. Acute respiratory failure (ARF) and sepsis were the main causes of death. Increases in C-reactive protein (CRP), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), D-dimer and lactic acid and decreases in lymphocytes were common laboratory results. Intergroup analysis showed that (1) most female decedents had cough and diabetes. (2) The proportion of young- and middle-aged deaths was higher than elderly deaths for males, while elderly decedents were more prone to myocardial injury and elevated CRP. (3) CRP and LDH increased and cluster of differentiation (CD) 4+ and CD8+ cells decreased significantly in patients with hypertension. The majority of COVID-19 decedents are male, especially elderly people with comorbidities. The main causes of death are ARF and sepsis. Most female decedents have cough and diabetes. Myocardial injury is common in elderly decedents. Patients with hypertension are prone to an increased inflammatory index, tissue hypoxia and cellular immune injury.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Sepse/epidemiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/epidemiologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Causas de Morte , China , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Cardiopatias/epidemiologia , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Ácido Láctico/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Sepse/etiologia , Síndrome Respiratória Aguda Grave/etiologia
4.
Tohoku J Exp Med ; 252(2): 109-119, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33028754

RESUMO

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is associated with various symptoms and changes in hematological and biochemical variables. However, clinical features, which can differentiate COVID-19 from non-COVID-19, are not clear. We therefore examined the key clinical features of COVID-19 and non-COVID-19 patients. This study included 60 COVID-19 patients and 100 non-COVID-19 patients, diagnosed by PCR, and no significant differences in the age and sex were seen between the two groups. The frequencies of fatigue, loose stool, diarrhea, nasal obstruction, olfactory dysfunction, taste dysfunction, underlying hyperlipidemia, and the prescription of angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) were significantly higher in COVID-19 patients than those in non-COVID-19 patients. The counts of leucocytes, neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, monocytes, and basophils and the levels of chloride and calcium in blood of COVID-19 patients were significantly lower than those of non-COVID-19 patients. The frequencies of atypical lymphocytes and the levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and potassium were significantly higher in COVID-19 than those in non-COVID-19. The C-reactive protein (CRP) level in COVID-19 patients was significantly lower than that in non-COVID-19 patients, when we compared CRP levels among patients with elevated CRP. This study is the first to indicate that electrolyte levels and the frequency of atypical lymphocytes in COVID-19 are significantly different from those in non-COVID-19. Fatigue, loose stool, diarrhea, nasal obstruction, olfactory dysfunction, and taste dysfunction were the key symptoms of COVID-19. Furthermore, hyperlipidemia and ARB may be risk factors of COVID-19. In conclusion, leucocytes, leucocyte fractions, CRP, LDH, and electrolytes are useful indicators for COVID-19 diagnosis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Eletrólitos/sangue , Linfócitos/virologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transtornos do Olfato/virologia , Pandemias , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Estudos Retrospectivos , Avaliação de Sintomas , Distúrbios do Paladar/virologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 30(9): 928-932, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33036676

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association ​of white blood cell (WBC) counts, neutrophil, platelets, lymphocyte counts, C-reactive protein (CRP), neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived NLR ratio (d-NLR), and platelet / lymphocyte ratio (PLR) at the time of first admission for mortality caused by COVID-19. STUDY DESIGN:  Descritive, analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Emergency Medicine, Sakarya University Training and Research Hospital, Turkey from  March 2020 to  May 2020. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and sixty-nine patients with the diagnosis of Covid-19 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients were divided into two groups as survivors and non-survivors. Inclusion criteria were age ≥18 years, RT-PCR test positivity, hospitalisation. Patients with missing data were excluded. Data regarding age, gender, WBC counts, neutrophil, platelets, and lymphocyte, CRP, NLR, d-NLR, PLR and comorbid conditions were analysed for mortality. All tests were done with a two-sided significance of 5%. For each endpoint, the absolute and relative effects and their corresponding 95% confidence interval  were calculated. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant association between neutrophil, lymphocyte, CRP, NLR, d-NLR and PLR values (p=0.005, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, p<0.001, and p<0.001, respectively) with mortality status of the patients. The cutoff values calculated by this analysis were 67.50 years for age, 5.12 K / µl for neutrophil, 1.12 K / µl for lymphocyte, 67.78 mg / dl for CRP, 3.9 for NLR, 2.55 for d-NLR, and 148.85 for PLR. CONCLUSION: Altered neutrophil and lymphocyte counts, NLR, d-NLR, PLR, and CRP values can be used as early predictors of mortality in Covid-19 patients. Key Words: Covid-19, Mortality, Emergency, NLR, d-NLR, PLR.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Serviço Hospitalar de Emergência/estatística & dados numéricos , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neutrófilos , Pandemias , Contagem de Plaquetas , Pneumonia Viral/sangue
7.
PLoS One ; 15(10): e0239802, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33002041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To date, several clinical laboratory parameters associated with Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) severity have been reported. However, these parameters have not been observed consistently across studies. The aim of this review was to assess clinical laboratory parameters which may serve as markers or predictors of severe or critical COVID-19. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a systematic search of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, CINAHL and Google Scholar databases from 2019 through April 18, 2020, and reviewed bibliographies of eligible studies, relevant systematic reviews, and the medRxiv pre-print server. We included hospital-based observational studies reporting clinical laboratory parameters of confirmed cases of COVID-19 and excluded studies having large proportions (>10%) of children and pregnant women. Two authors independently carried out screening of articles, data extraction and quality assessment. Meta-analyses were done using random effects model. Meta-median difference (MMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) was calculated for each laboratory parameter. Forty-five studies in 6 countries were included. Compared to non-severe COVID-19 cases, severe or critical COVID-19 was characterised by higher neutrophil count (MMD: 1.23 [95% CI: 0.58 to 1.88] ×109 cells/L), and lower lymphocyte, CD4 and CD8 T cell counts with MMD (95% CI) of -0.39 (-0.47, -0.31) ×109 cells/L, -204.9 (-302.6, -107.1) cells/µl and -123.6 (-170.6, -76.6) cells/µl, respectively. Other notable results were observed for C-reactive protein (MMD: 36.97 [95% CI: 27.58, 46.35] mg/L), interleukin-6 (MMD: 17.37 [95% CI: 4.74, 30.00] pg/ml), Troponin I (MMD: 0.01 [0.00, 0.02] ng/ml), and D-dimer (MMD: 0.65 [0.45, 0.85] mg/ml). CONCLUSIONS: Relative to non-severe COVID-19, severe or critical COVID-19 is characterised by increased markers of innate immune response, decreased markers of adaptive immune response, and increased markers of tissue damage and major organ failure. These markers could be used to recognise severe or critical disease and to monitor clinical course of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Produtos de Degradação da Fibrina e do Fibrinogênio/análise , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Contagem de Linfócitos , Estudos Observacionais como Assunto , Pandemias , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Troponina I/sangue
8.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 28(5): 1746-1749, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33067984

RESUMO

AbstractObjective: To evaluate the diagnostic value of serum PCT, CRP and SAA for bloodstream infection(BSI) in patients with hematopathy. METHODS: Sixty hematopathy patients with bloodstream infection from July 2016 to June 2018 were selected and enroued in bloodstream infection group. Sixty-five patients with negative blood culture during the same period were selected and enrolled in non-bloodstream infection group. The ROC curves were drawn and used to eualuate the diagnostic value of above montioned indexes. RESULTS: The levels of PCT, CRP and SAA in the bloodstream infection group were higher than those in the non-bloodstream infection group (P<0.05). ROC curve showed that AUC values of PCT, CRP, SAA and the combined test detection were 0.868, 0.746, 0.678 and 0.900, respectively, there was no significant difference in AUC between combined test and PCT test (P>0.05). AUC of combined test and PCT test were higher than those of CRP and SAA test, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05), but there was no significant difference in AUC between CRP and SAA (P>0.05). The optimal PCT detection threshold was 0.49 ng/ml, the sensitivity and specificity were 75.0% and 83.1%, respectively. The optimal critical value for CRP detection was 15.76 mg/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 60.0% and 80.0% respectively. The optimal SAA detection threshold was 35.66 mg/L, the sensitivity and specificity were 81.7% and 53.8%, respectively. CONCLUSION: PCT, CRP and SAA detection have good diagnostic value for blood stream infection in patients with hematopathy. The diagnostic value of PCT is better than CRP and SAA, and there is no significant difference in diagnostic value between combined test and PCT test.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia , Calcitonina , Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Curva ROC , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(40): e22249, 2020 Oct 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33019400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To comprehensively evaluate the treatment efficacy and safety of silymarin for patients with glucose/lipid metabolic dysfunction using a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Library databases was performed up to October 1, 2019. STATA 13.0 software was used to estimate pooled standardized mean difference (SMD) and 95% confidence interval (95% CI). RESULTS: Sixteen studies involving 1358 patients were identified. Overall meta-analysis showed that compared with control, silymarin significantly reduced levels of fasting blood glucose (SMD: -1.27, 95% CI = [-1.78, -0.76]; P < .001), homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance (SMD: -0.41, 95% CI = [-0.70, -0.12]; P = .005), hemoglobin A1c (SMD: -1.88, 95% CI = [-2.57, -1.20]; P < .001), total cholesterol (SMD: -1.13, 95% CI = [-1.82, -0.77]; P < .001), triglyceride (SMD: -0.37, 95% CI = [-0.69, -0.05]; P = .025), low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (SMD: -1.30, 95% CI = [-1.93, -0.67]; P < .001), C-reactive protein (SMD: -0.63, 95% CI = [-1.01, -0.27]; P = .001), and increased high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (SMD: 0.17, 95% CI = [0.05, 0.29]; P = .005), but had no impacts on function indicators of liver and kidney (alanine transaminase, aspartate aminotransferase, creatinine phosphokinase, creatinine) and the complication rate. Subgroup analyses indicated that insulin (which was negative in overall analysis) was significantly decreased in patients undergoing silymarin monotherapy (SMD: -2.03, 95% CI = [-3.03, -1.04]; P = .044) for more than 3 months (SMD: -0.01, 95% CI = [-0.25, -0.24]; P = .035). CONCLUSION: Supplementation of silymarin may be effective and safe for the management of diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Doenças Metabólicas/tratamento farmacológico , Silimarina/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores Farmacológicos , Glicemia/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Testes de Função Renal , Lipídeos/sangue , Testes de Função Hepática , Silimarina/administração & dosagem , Silimarina/efeitos adversos
10.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(36): e21961, 2020 Sep 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32899032

RESUMO

This retrospective study was aimed to determine the factors suggesting the need for computed tomography (CT) scanning when ultrasound (US) imaging results are negative or non-diagnostic in children suspicious for acute appendicitis in the emergency department.Patients less than 18 years old who underwent abdominal ultrasound and CT to rule out acute appendicitis were enrolled. Patients were classified into 2 groups: the false-negative group, in which patients had negative or non-diagnostic results on the initial US and a final diagnosis of acute appendicitis on the following abdominal CT, and the true-negative group, in which patients had negative or non-diagnostic US results and were negative on abdominal CT. Logistic regression and propensity score matching with the predicting factors were performed.The presence of vomiting (odds ratio (OR), 7.78; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.92-41.04) and poor oral intake (OR, 4.67; 95% CI, 1.21-21.15) with a high white blood cell (WBC) count (OR 1.26; 95% CI, 1.09-2.37), segmented neutrophil ratio (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.16), and C-reactive protein (CRP) (OR, 1.49; 95% CI, 1.09-2.37) were suggestive of the false-negative group. The propensity-matched population also showed significant associations with vomiting (OR, 7.86; 95% CI, 1.65-37.40) and poor oral intake (OR, 5.50; 95% CI, 1.28-23.69) with an elevated WBC count (OR, 1.27; 95% CI, 1.08-1.50), segmented neutrophil ratio (OR, 1.09; 95% CI, 1.03-1.16), and CRP (OR, 1.51; 95% CI, 1.03-2.22).A CT scan should be considered in children with suspected acute appendicitis if they have vomiting, high CRP, and high WBC count, despite negative or non-diagnostic US results.


Assuntos
Apendicite/diagnóstico por imagem , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Apendicite/fisiopatologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Diagnóstico Tardio , Erros de Diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pontuação de Propensão , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia , Vômito/etiologia
11.
Med Sci Monit ; 26: e927167, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32963215

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Early and rapid identification of severe coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases is important. The present study aimed to investigate the predictors of disease severity and thus determine the trends for disease progression early. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients with COVID-19 were recruited from Fuyang Second People's Hospital from January to February 2020. Patients' demographic, epidemiological, and clinical data were collected, and the relationships between these variables and disease severity were analyzed. RESULTS A total of 158 cases were included according to COVID-19 diagnosis, and the treatment schemes were analyzed for identification of early indicators affecting COVID-19 progression. Severe cases accounted for 18.99% of the diagnosed cases. Analysis showed that patients' age (χ²=10.640,=0.041); the time interval between onset and diagnosis (χ²=7.278, P=0.026); the source of cases (χ²=5.557, P=0.018); fever (χ²=5.676, P=0.014); dyspnea (χ²=113.085, P<0.001); muscle or joint pain (χ²=3.900, P=0.048); chest pain (χ²=13.446, P=0.006); the levels of lymphocytes (t=2.917, P=0.014), C-reactive protein (U=730.00, P<0.001), and aspartate aminotransferase (U=1235.00, P=0.002); damage in both lungs within 3 days of admission (χ²=7.632, P=0.003); and diabetes (χ²=6.675, P=0.010) were significantly correlated with the trend of intensification. CONCLUSIONS Older age, a long time interval from onset to diagnosis, imported cases from an affected area, dyspnea, muscle or joint pain, chest pain during the course of the disease, reduced lymphocytes, elevated C-reactive protein, computed tomography scan showing damage to both lungs within 3 days of admission, and diabetes mellitus are predictors for severe COVID-19.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Diagnóstico Tardio , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Avaliação de Sintomas , Adulto Jovem
12.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22012, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Traditional Chinese medicine injections (TCMJ) used in the treatment of severe pneumonia have been widely implemented in clinical practice, but their overall efficacy and safety remain unclear. This paper aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of TCMJ in the treatment of severe pneumonia. METHODS: PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WanFang, and the Chongqing VIP Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database were all searched for randomized controlled trials focusing on the administration of TCMJ for severe pneumonia. Two researchers independently screened titles, abstracts, full texts, and extracted relevant data. The RevMan 5.3 software (The Cochrane Collaboration, Software Update, Oxford, UK) and Stata 14 software (STATA Corporation, College Station, TX) were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study summarizes the related randomized controlled trials to assess the effect and safety of TCMJ in the treatment of severe pneumonia. CONCLUSION: This article provides theoretical support for the clinical application of TCMJ in the treatment of severe pneumonia. PROSPERO REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020185072.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Pneumonia/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Injeções , Interleucina-6/sangue , Tempo de Internação , Contagem de Leucócitos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/efeitos adversos , Pneumonia/mortalidade , Pró-Calcitonina/biossíntese , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Respiração Artificial , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(35): e21925, 2020 Aug 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871930

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic inflammatory disease (CPID) is a difficult-to-treat gynaecological disorder, which has complex etiologies, among married women. In recent years, moxibustion has gradually shown its clinical advantages and been more and more widely used In China. The protocol is try to synthesize and assess the effectiveness and safety of moxibustion for patients with CPID. METHODS: Seven databases as following: PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, WangFang Database, Chinese Scientific Journal Database, Chinese Biomedical Literatures Database will be searched from their inception to May 2020. No restrictions about language and status. Study selection, data collection, and quality assessment will be respectively conducted by 2 researchers. Based on the heterogeneity test results, the fixed-effects or random-effects model will be selected to synthesize data. The effective rate, Pelvic inflammatory mass diameter and Pelvic fluid depth will be the primary outcomes. Patient reported outcome scale, visual analog scale, C-reactive protein, transforming growth factor ß1 =  transforming growth factor ß, incidence of any adverse events will be the secondary outcomes. Revman 5.4 software will be implemented for data synthesis. Dichotomous data will be represented by risk ratio for efficacy and safety of CPID treated with moxibustion, while continuous data will be represented by mean difference with a 95% confidence interval. RESULTS: The results of this study will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. This study will provide a comprehensive review of the available evidence for the treatment of moxibustion with CPID. CONCLUSIONS: This study expects to provide high-quality, evidence-based recommendations on further treatment for clinical guidance of CPID. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: CRD42020158744 in PROSPERO 2020.


Assuntos
Metanálise como Assunto , Moxibustão , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/terapia , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Humanos , Moxibustão/efeitos adversos , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/análise , Escala Visual Analógica
14.
Pediatrics ; 146(4)2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32978294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The identification of life-threatening infection in febrile children presenting to the emergency department (ED) remains difficult. The quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) was only derived for adult populations, implying an urgent need for pediatric scores. We developed and validated a novel, adapted qSOFA score (Liverpool quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment [LqSOFA]) and compared its performance with qSOFA, Pediatric Early Warning Score (PEWS), and National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) high-risk criteria in predicting critical care (CC) admission in febrile children presenting to the ED. METHODS: The LqSOFA (range, 0-4) incorporates age-adjusted heart rate, respiratory rate, capillary refill, and consciousness level on the Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive scale. The primary outcome was CC admission within 48 hours of ED presentation, and the secondary outcome was sepsis-related mortality. LqSOFA, qSOFA, PEWS, and NICE high-risk criteria scores were calculated, and performance characteristics, including area under the receiver operating characteristic curve, were calculated for each score. RESULTS: In the initial (n = 1121) cohort, 47 CC admissions (4.2%) occurred, and in the validation (n = 12 241) cohort, 135 CC admissions (1.1%) occurred, and there were 5 sepsis-related deaths. In the validation cohort, LqSOFA predicted CC admission with an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.81 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.76 to 0.86), versus qSOFA (0.66; 95% CI, 0.60 to 0.71), PEWS (0.93; 95% CI, 0.90 to 0.95), and NICE high-risk criteria (0.81; 95% CI, 0.78 to 0.85). For predicting CC admission, the LqSOFA outperformed the qSOFA, with a net reclassification index of 10.4% (95% CI, 1.0% to 19.9%). CONCLUSIONS: In this large study, we demonstrate improved performance of the LqSOFA over qSOFA in identifying febrile children at risk for CC admission and sepsis-related mortality. Further validation is required in other settings.


Assuntos
Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Febre/etiologia , Escores de Disfunção Orgânica , Admissão do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Sepse/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Intervalos de Confiança , Feminino , Humanos , Ácido Láctico/análise , Masculino , Curva ROC , Sepse/complicações , Sepse/mortalidade
15.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD009185, 2020 09 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32911567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In children with urinary tract infection (UTI), only those with pyelonephritis (and not cystitis) are at risk for developing long-term renal sequelae. If non-invasive biomarkers could accurately differentiate children with cystitis from children with pyelonephritis, treatment and follow-up could potentially be individualized. This is an update of a review first published in 2015. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this review were to 1) determine whether procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) can replace the acute DMSA scan in the diagnostic evaluation of children with UTI; 2) assess the influence of patient and study characteristics on the diagnostic accuracy of these tests, and 3) compare the performance of the three tests to each other. SEARCH METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, DARE, Web of Science, and BIOSIS Previews through to 17th December 2019 for this review. The reference lists of all included articles and relevant systematic reviews were searched to identify additional studies not found through the electronic search. SELECTION CRITERIA: We only considered published studies that evaluated the results of an index test (PCT, CRP, ESR) against the results of an acute-phase 99Tc-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) scan (conducted within 30 days of the UTI) in children aged 0 to 18 years with a culture-confirmed episode of UTI. The following cut-off values were used for the primary analysis: 0.5 ng/mL for procalcitonin, 20 mg/L for CRP and 30 mm/hour for ESR. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Two authors independently applied the selection criteria to all citations and independently abstracted data. We used the bivariate model to calculate pooled random-effects pooled sensitivity and specificity values. MAIN RESULTS: A total of 36 studies met our inclusion criteria. Twenty-five studies provided data for the primary analysis: 12 studies (1000 children) included data on PCT, 16 studies (1895 children) included data on CRP, and eight studies (1910 children) included data on ESR (some studies had data on more than one test). The summary sensitivity estimates (95% CI) for the PCT, CRP, ESR tests at the aforementioned cut-offs were 0.81 (0.67 to 0.90), 0.93 (0.86 to 0.96), and 0.83 (0.71 to 0.91), respectively. The summary specificity values for PCT, CRP, and ESR tests at these cut-offs were 0.76 (0.66 to 0.84), 0.37 (0.24 to 0.53), and 0.57 (0.41 to 0.72), respectively. AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: The ESR test does not appear to be sufficiently accurate to be helpful in differentiating children with cystitis from children with pyelonephritis. A low CRP value (< 20 mg/L) appears to be somewhat useful in ruling out pyelonephritis (decreasing the probability of pyelonephritis to < 20%), but unexplained heterogeneity in the data prevents us from making recommendations at this time. The procalcitonin test seems better suited for ruling in pyelonephritis, but the limited number of studies and the marked heterogeneity between studies prevents us from reaching definitive conclusions. Thus, at present, we do not find any compelling evidence to recommend the routine use of any of these tests in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Calcitonina/sangue , Cistite/diagnóstico , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Pielonefrite/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Cistite/sangue , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Pielonefrite/sangue , Pielonefrite/complicações , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Infecções Urinárias/sangue
16.
Lipids Health Dis ; 19(1): 204, 2020 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892746

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to describe the blood lipid levels of patients diagnosed with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and to analyze the correlation between blood lipid levels and the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. METHODS: In the clinical retrospective analysis, a total of 228 adults infected with COVID-19 were enrolled between January 17, 2020 and March 14, 2020, in Changsha, China. One thousand one hundred and forty healthy participants with matched age and gender were used as control. Median with interquartile range and Mann-Whitney test were adopted to describe and analyze clinical data. The Kaplan-Meier (KM) curve and Cox regression analysis were used to analyze the correlation between high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) and the severity of COVID-19. RESULTS: Compared with control, COVID-19 patients showed significantly lower levels of total cholesterol (TC) [median, 3.76 vs 4.65 mmol/L, P = 0.031], triglyceride [median, 1.08 vs 1.21 mmol/L, P <  0.001], low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) [median, 2.63 vs 2.83 mmol/L, P <  0.001], and HDL-C [median, 0.78 vs 1.37 mmol/L, P <  0.001], while compared with non-severe patients, severe COVID-19 patients only presented lower levels of HDL-C [median, 0.69 vs 0.79 mmol/L, P = 0.032]. In comparison with patients with high HDL-C, patients with low HDL-C showed a higher proportion of male (69.57% vs 45.60%, P = 0.004), higher levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) (median, 27.83 vs 12.56 mg/L, P <  0.001) and higher proportion of severe events (36.96% vs 14.84%, P = 0.001). Moreover, patients with low HDL-C at admission showed a higher risk of developing severe events compared with those with high HDL-C (Log Rank P = 0.009). After adjusting for age, gender and underlying diseases, they still had elevated possibility of developing severe cases than those with high HDL-C (HR 2.827, 95% CI 1.190-6.714, P = 0.019). CONCLUSIONS: HDL-C level was lower in COVID-19 adult patients, and low HDL-C in COVID-19 patients was correlated with a higher risk of developing severe events.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , LDL-Colesterol/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Adulto , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China , Colesterol/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/sangue , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue
17.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(5): 542-548, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879104

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinical characteristics and risk factors for severe events of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in elderly patients. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of all elderly COVID- 19 patients treated in Changsha Public Health Treatment Center from January 17, 2020 to March 15, 2020, which included basic diseases, symptoms, test results, and other clinical characteristics, and prognostic indicators such as severity of illness, length of hospital stay, virus shedding time and mortality rate. The differences in clinical characteristics and prognostic indicators between elderly, middle-aged, and young COVID-19 patients were also analyzed. Logistic regression model was used to conduct univariate and multivariate analysis of risk factors for developing severe events in elderly COVID-19 patients; receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to evaluate the prediction efficacy. RESULTS: Of the 230 COVID-19 adult patients, 34 were young patients (14.8%), 136 were middle-aged patients (59.1%), and 60 were elderly (26.1%). Among the 60 elderly patients, 23 were male (38.3%) and 37 were female (61.7%), with a medium age of 66 years old. Common symptoms were fever (66.7%), cough (50.0%), and fatigue (41.7%). C reactive protein (CRP) was increased significantly. The proportion of severe cases was 31.7%, and mortality was 1.7%. The median length of hospitalization and median virus shedding time were 18.5 days and 21 days, respectively. Compared with the young and the middle-aged patients, the elderly had a higher proportion of hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases, more common shortness of breath, higher proportions of pneumonia and severe cases (all P<0.05), and the decreased lymphocyte count and lymphocyte percentage (both P<0.05), as well as higher CRP and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels (both P<0.05). Compared with non-severe cases, severe elderly patients demonstrated higher CRP and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) levels (all P<0.05), the reduced lymphocyte count (P<0.05), and the prolonged length of hospitalization and virus shedding duration (both P<0.05). Univariate logistic regression analysis indicated that the lymphocytes proportion, CRP and AST levels were significantly correlated with the risk for developing severe events in elderly COVID-19 patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression found that severe events in elderly patients with COVID-19 were significantly correlated with CRP level (OR=1.041, P=0.013). ROC curve analysis revealed that the area under the curve (AUC) for CRP to diagnose severe events in elderly COVID 19 patients was 0.851. CONCLUSIONS: The proportion of severe cases in elderly COVID-19 patients is higher than that in young and middle-aged patients. CRP level has a good predictive value for the possibility of severe events in elderly COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Idoso , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China , Comorbidade , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
18.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 45(5): 560-564, 2020 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyze the clinical characteristics of fecal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid-positive in patients with coronavirus dasease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of this disease. METHODS: The clinical data of 16 patients with fecal SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive, who hospitalized in the North Branch of the First Hospital of Changsha (Changsha Public Health Rescue Center) from January to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory data and imaging data were summarized. RESULTS: Among the 16 patients, there were 9 males (56.25%) and 7 females (43.75%), the ratio of males to females was 1∶1.29. The age of onset was (43.3±14.6) years. There were 15 patients with contact history of Wuhan, 1 patient with contact history of local patient.Twelve patients were common type (75%), and 4 patients were severe type (25%). Clinical symptoms included fever in 14 patients (87.5%), cough in 12 patients (75%), shortness of breath in 5 patients (31.25%), pharyngalgia in 10 patients (62.5%), fatigue in 7 patients (43.75%), and diarrhea in 4 patients (25%). There were 14 patients (87.5%) with normal or decreased white blood cell count, 11 patients (68.75%) with decreased lymphocyte count, 15 patients (93.75%) with increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 13 patients (81.25%) with increased hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, 5 patients (31.25%) with increased procalcitonin, and 8 patients (50%) with increased serum ferritin in peripheral blood, and stool routine was basically normal. Compared with the common type, there was significant difference in the white blood cell and lymphocyte counts in the severe type (P<0.01); the infection indicators, such as hypersensitivity C-reactive protein and serum ferritin, were significantly increased, with significant difference (all P<0.01); but the procalcitonin and erythrocyte sedimentation rate was not significantly different (both P>0.05). Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes. According to imaging examination, 4 patients (25%) showed unilateral pneumonia and 12 patients (75%) showed bilateral pneumonia. CONCLUSIONS: The patients have the clinical symptoms of COVID-19, but gastrointestinal symptoms (such as diarrhea) are more common, and the changes of white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, ferritin are more obvious in severe patients.The positivity of fecal nucleic acid suggests the possibility of digestive tract transmission of SARS-CoV-2, and fecal nucleic acid testing can be used as a routine testing method in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Adulto , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China , Infecções por Coronavirus/fisiopatologia , Diarreia/virologia , Fezes/virologia , Feminino , Ferritinas/análise , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/fisiopatologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
19.
BMC Infect Dis ; 20(1): 695, 2020 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32962639

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With the widespread outbreak of novel coronavirus diseases 2019(COVID-19), more and more death cases were reported, however, limited data are available for the patients who died. We aimed to explore the clinical characteristics of deaths with COVID-19 pneumonia. METHODS: We abstracted and analyzed epidemiological, demographic, clinical, and laboratory data from 83 death cases with COVID-19 pneumonia in East Hospital of Wuhan University Renmin Hospital, between January 26, 2020, and February 28, 2020. RESULTS: Of the 83 deaths, none was the medical staff. The mean age was 71.8 years (SD 13.2; range, 34-97 years) and 53(63.9%) were male. The median from onset to admission was 10 days (IQR 7-14: range, 2-43 days), to death was 17 days (IQR 14-21: range, 6-54 days). Most deaths (66[80%]) had underlying comorbid diseases, the most of which was hypertension [47(57%)]. The main initial symptoms of these 83 deaths were shortness of breath(98.8%), fever(94%), and myalgia or fatigue(90.4%). Laboratory analyses showed the lymphocytopenia in 69(83%) deaths, hypoalbuminemia in 77(93%) deaths, the elevation of lactate dehydrogenase in 79(95%) deaths, procalcitonin in 69(83%) deaths and C-reactive protein in 79(95%) deaths. All 83 patients received antiviral treatment, 81(97.6%) deaths received antibiotic therapy, 54(65.1%) deaths received glucocorticoid therapy, and 20(24.1%) patients received invasive mechanical ventilation. CONCLUSION: Most of the deaths with COVID-19 pneumonia were elderly patients with underlying comorbid diseases, especially those over 70 years of age. The time of death after the onset of the disease was mostly 15-21 days. More care should be given to the elderly in further prevention and control strategies of COVID-19.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/mortalidade , Pneumonia Viral/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Betacoronavirus , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , China/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Fadiga , Feminino , Febre/virologia , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Hospitalização , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Respiração Artificial , Estudos Retrospectivos
20.
J Nanobiotechnology ; 18(1): 130, 2020 Sep 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32912236

RESUMO

Fast point-of-care (POC) diagnostics represent an unmet medical need and include applications such as lateral flow assays (LFAs) for the diagnosis of sepsis and consequences of cytokine storms and for the treatment of COVID-19 and other systemic, inflammatory events not caused by infection. Because of the complex pathophysiology of sepsis, multiple biomarkers must be analyzed to compensate for the low sensitivity and specificity of single biomarker targets. Conventional LFAs, such as gold nanoparticle dyed assays, are limited to approximately five targets-the maximum number of test lines on an assay. To increase the information obtainable from each test line, we combined green and red emitting quantum dots (QDs) as labels for C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) antibodies in an optical duplex immunoassay. CdSe-QDs with sharp and tunable emission bands were used to simultaneously quantify CRP and IL-6 in a single test line, by using a single UV-light source and two suitable emission filters for readout through a widely available BioImager device. For image and data processing, a customized software tool, the MultiFlow-Shiny app was used to accelerate and simplify the readout process. The app software provides advanced tools for image processing, including assisted extraction of line intensities, advanced background correction and an easy workflow for creation and handling of experimental data in quantitative LFAs. The results generated with our MultiFlow-Shiny app were superior to those generated with the popular software ImageJ and resulted in lower detection limits. Our assay is applicable for detecting clinically relevant ranges of both target proteins and therefore may serve as a powerful tool for POC diagnosis of inflammation and infectious events.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Imunoensaio/métodos , Interleucina-6/análise , Pontos Quânticos/química , Sepse/diagnóstico , Anticorpos/imunologia , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Proteína C-Reativa/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/imunologia , Limite de Detecção , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/diagnóstico , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Sepse/metabolismo , Software , Raios Ultravioleta
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