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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(38): e17146, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31567954

RESUMO

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) will progress to end stage without treatment, the decline off renal function may not linear. A sensitive marker such as soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptors (suPARs) may allow potential intervention and treatment in earlier stages of CKD. OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to measure plasma (suPAR) in patients with CKD with different stages and to find its correlation with the disease severity. METHODS: This study was conducted on 114 subjects, 84 were patients with different stages and different causes of CKD, and 30 healthy subjects as controls. Blood urea, serum creatinine, serum high-sensitive C-reactive protein, estimated glomerular filtration rate, and 24 hours proteinuria were measured, renal biopsy was done for all patients, and plasma (suPAR) was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: suPAR plasma levels were significantly higher in patients with CKD (7.9 ±â€Š3.82 ng/mL) than controls (1.76 ±â€Š0.77 ng/mL, P < .001). suPAR correlated with the disease severity. In stage 1 to 2 group, it was 3.7 ±â€Š1.5 ng/mL, in stage 3 to 4, it was 10.10 ±â€Š1.22 ng/mL, and in stage 5 group, it was 12.34 ±â€Š0.88 ng/mL; the difference between the 3 groups was highly significant (P < .001). A cutoff point 2.5 ng/mL of suPAR was found between controls and stage 1 group. According to the cause of CKD, although patients with obstructive cause and those with focal glomerulosclerosis had the higher levels 9.11 ±â€Š3.32 ng/mL and 8.73 ±â€Š3.19 ng/mL, respectively, but there was no significant difference between patients with CKD according to the cause of the CKD. CONCLUSION: Plasma (suPAR) increased in patients with CKD and correlated with disease severity.


Assuntos
Receptores de Ativador de Plasminogênio Tipo Uroquinase/sangue , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Creatinina/sangue , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Taxa de Filtração Glomerular , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Insuficiência Renal Crônica/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Ureia/sangue , Adulto Jovem
2.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(39): e17297, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31574853

RESUMO

As a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, presence of hypertension (HT) necessitates the awareness of asymptomatic organ damage (AOD). The aim of this study was to measure plasma micro RNA-21 (miR-21) and the parameters that reflect AOD such as carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), microalbuminuria (MAU) in hypertensive patients compared with healthy controls. In addition, the aim of this study was to evaluate plasma miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.This study was designed as a cross-sectional observational study. The study includes 2 groups: 32 patients with HT and 32 healthy controls. First, we compared these 2 groups. Then, to underline the relationship between plasma miR-21 and HT, hypertensive patients were divided into 2 groups: with AOD and without AOD.Sixteen patients with HT had AOD. MiR-21 levels significantly correlated with clinical systolic and diastolic blood pressure, MAU, C-reactive protein, and CIMT. CIMT, miR-21, and MAU levels were significantly higher in patients with AOD.Our study showed increased miR-21 levels in HT patients with AOD.


Assuntos
Albuminúria , Doenças Cardiovasculares , Hipertensão , MicroRNAs/sangue , Adulto , Albuminúria/diagnóstico , Albuminúria/etiologia , Doenças Assintomáticas/epidemiologia , Pressão Sanguínea/fisiologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Doenças Cardiovasculares/etiologia , Espessura Intima-Media Carotídea , MicroRNA Circulante/análise , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/complicações , Hipertensão/diagnóstico , Hipertensão/genética , Hipertensão/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Turquia/epidemiologia
3.
Wiad Lek ; 72(9 cz 1): 1607-1610, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31586971

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The probability of development of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is estimated to be above 90% among patients with chronic back pain, presence of HLA B27 antigen and positive family history of ankylosing spondylitis (AS), psoriasis, reactive arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease or uveitis. The nonradiographic axSpA and ankylosing spondylitis diseases' activity has a comparable impact on the patients' quality of life and from the practical point of view the approach to treatment of each of them is the same. The aim: The attempt to identify the reasons of diagnostic delays of AS among patients hospitalized in the Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases Department in Lublin and to suggest the ways of improving the accuracy of diagnostic track among other healthcare providers than rheumatologists. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Material and methods: We performed a retrospective analysis of the records of 82 patients' with the established diagnosis of AS, hospitalized in the Rheumatology and Connective Tissue Diseases Department in Lublin in 2000-2019, and of 45 years of age and older. RESULTS: Results: From among 82 patients (28 women and 54 men) the diagnosis of AS after 45 years of age was established in 25 patients (10 women and 15 men) - group t, and in the other 57 patients (group n) the diagnosis was established before 45 years of age. On average the age at the time of diagnosis in the whole group (t+n) was 40,7±10,2 (18-76) years, the age at the beginning of inflammatory back pain (age of axial symptoms) was 30,9±8,5 (13-51) years and the diagnostic delay (period between first axial symptoms and diagnosis establishment) was 9,75±9,5 (0-46) years. We did not find any statistically significant associations between sex and age at the moment of diagnosis, age of the beginning of axial symptoms and the time of diagnostic delay. There was no significant difference of incidence of enthesitis, uveitis, arthritis, prevalence of family history of spondyloarthritis and CRP level between group t and n. Antigen HLA B27 was more frequently present in group t. CONCLUSION: Conclusions: Instead of the recognition progress and worldwide popularization of knowledge about axSpA, the diagnostic delays in this field are still estimated to last many years, the patients are looking for other specialists' help, and they can be not knowledgeable of the inflammatory back pain criteria. Currently, HLA B27 antigen and C-reactive protein are the two most commonly used biomarkers for diagnostic and disease activity monitoring purposes of axSpA and magnetic resonance is the only "imaging biomarker". The presence of extra-axial symptoms does not improve the diagnostic sensitivity.


Assuntos
Diagnóstico Tardio , Espondilartrite/diagnóstico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Feminino , Antígeno HLA-B27/análise , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
4.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e055, 2019 Sep 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31531562

RESUMO

Serum hepcidin levels may increase in response to infection and inflammation. The present study investigated the effect of nonsurgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on levels of serum hepcidin, inflammatory markers, and iron markers. An interventional study was conducted on 67 patients (age 30-65 years) without other diseases, except for chronic periodontitis (CP). Patients were allocated to either CP or control groups. The CP group received supragingival and subgingival scaling and root planing procedures, whereas the control group received supragingival scaling. Probing depth (PD), bleeding on probing, clinical attachment level (CAL), visible plaque index (VPI), serum hepcidin and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), hematological markers, and iron markers were measured at baseline and at 90 days after NSPT. The CP group had statistically significant lower mean values for mean corpuscular volume (MCV) and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH) (p ≤ 0.05). The control group had statistically significant reductions in hemoglobin, hematocrit, MCV, and MCH (p ≤ 0.05). Serum hepcidin, IL-6, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) levels were significantly decreased in both groups after NSPT. Periodontal markers were more markedly reduced in the CP group compared with the control group (p ≤ 0.05). These findings suggest that NSPT may reduce the serum levels of IL-6, hepcidin, and periodontal parameters.


Assuntos
Periodontite Crônica/sangue , Hepcidinas/sangue , Ferro/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Periodontite Crônica/patologia , Periodontite Crônica/terapia , Índice de Placa Dentária , Feminino , Gengiva/patologia , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/sangue , Perda da Inserção Periodontal/patologia , Valores de Referência , Aplainamento Radicular/métodos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(33): e16798, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415387

RESUMO

To explore the values of C-reactive protein (CRP) and procalcitonin (PCT) in identifying infection and disease activity in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients.Patients with SLE and infection from April 2015 to January 2018 were included in this study. We compared the clinical characteristics and biomarkers between different groups and calculated the receiver operating characteristic curve, sensitivity, and specificity of the corresponding biomarkers. Logistic regression analysis was performed on the variables exhibiting significant differences in univariate analysis.A total of 177 SLE patients were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into noninfected-inactive group, noninfected-active group, infected-inactive group, and infected-active group. CRP level of infected-inactive group was significantly higher than noninfected-inactive group (P < .05), but not significantly in infected-active group than noninfected-active group (P > .05). Multivariate analysis showed that CRP (>24.0 mg/L) was the only independent risk factor for SLE infection (odds ratio, OR = 2.896, P = .032). PCT level of infected-active group was significantly higher than infected-inactive group (P < .05), but not significantly in noninfected-active group than noninfected-inactive group (P > .05). SLE active group had shorter disease course, lower infection rate, higher PCT level, and lower platelet count (PLT). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that PCT (>0.048 ng/mL) and PLT (<150 × 10/L) were independent risk factors for SLE activity (OR = 3.498 and 4.391, P = .011 and 0.009), and disease course (>96 months) was independent protective factor (OR = 0.169, P < .001). The area under the curve of the logistic model was significantly larger than any single variable (all P < .05).CRP is the only effective marker for diagnosing infection in SLE patients. Moreover, PCT helps predict SLE activity.


Assuntos
Infecções Bacterianas/diagnóstico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/sangue , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/microbiologia , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
6.
Klin Lab Diagn ; 64(7): 435-442, 2019.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408597

RESUMO

In response to inflammation there appear «reactants of acute phase¼ which are nonspecific but they can show the disease gravity and prognosis. The markers of the acute phase are: C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), neopterin (NP), presepsin (PSP), necrosis tumor factor α (NTF-α), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), the total amount of leucocytes, neutrophils, protein fractions (α, ß2, γ-globulins), IgM. CRP concentrations rise in the presence of bacterial infections and they are significanly higher in the positive blood cultures than in the contamination or negative ones. PCT levels grow in case of gram-negative bacteremia, but the levels are normal in case of coagulase-negative staphylococci bacteremia. PCT levels are more helpful here than CRP levels with suspected bacteremia. NP levels rise in patients with bacteremia. In the presence of infection, PSP becomes more active than CRP and PCT, and PSP sensitivity is 91,4% in patients with sepsis. Patients with infectious endocarditis have high levels of NTF-α in case of staphylococci infection in blood but the levels of NTF-α are low with enterococci and corynebacterium bloodstream infection. In case of inflammation the acute phase protein level changes are infection markers including bloodstream infection but they are not specific for determining any bacteremia aetiology.


Assuntos
Bacteriemia/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores/sangue , Inflamação/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Receptores de Lipopolissacarídeos/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue
7.
An Bras Dermatol ; 94(3): 320-326, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365661

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Behçet's disease is a multisystemic vasculitis, associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction. Currently, the prognosis is unpredictable, because there is still no valid laboratory marker indicating the disease activity in Behçet's disease. Endothelial progenitor cells and circulating endothelial cells are newly introduced hematological markers which are presumed to take part in the pathogenesis of vasculitis. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the levels of endothelial progenitor cells and subtypes and circulating endothelial cells in patients with Behçet's disease and to describe their relationship with the disease activity. METHODS: A total of 45 patients with Behçet's disease and 28 healthy controls were included in the study. Endothelial progenitor cells (CD34+CD133+KDR+ as early endothelial progenitor cells and CD34+KDR+ as late endothelial progenitor cells), and circulating endothelial cells (CD34+CD133+) were measured by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The mean plasma level of endothelial progenitor cells and circulating endothelial cells, vascular endothelial growth factor, matrix metalloproteinase-9, C-reactive protein, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate were significantly higher in patients with Behçet's disease. All of these parameters except circulating endothelial cells were also found to be higher in patients with active disease than in patients with inactive disease. Early endothelial progenitor cells showed significant correlations with C-reactive protein and circulating endothelial cells. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The cross-sectional nature of the study and patient characteristics such as being under treatment, which can affect endothelial progenitor cells numbers. CONCLUSION: The increase in endothelial progenitor cells may play an essential role in the repair of endothelial injury in Behçet's disease, especially in the active period of the disease. Thus, endothelial progenitor cells can indicate the disease activity. In addition, endothelial progenitor cells and circulating endothelial cells can be used as endothelial repair and injury markers for Behçet's disease, respectively.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Behçet/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Células Progenitoras Endoteliais/metabolismo , Adulto , Síndrome de Behçet/complicações , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Contagem de Células , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/sangue , Vasculite
8.
Vasc Health Risk Manag ; 15: 221-227, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410012

RESUMO

Background: High sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) predicts myocardial dysfunction after acute coronary syndromes. We aimed to study the association of hsCRP estimation at first acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with myocardial dysfunction and heart failure. Methods: This research was carried out at the Department of Physiology and Department of Emergency Medicine, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. In this prospective study, 227 patients were studied. hsCRP levels were estimated when patients came to the emergency department at AMI, 7 days post AMI, and at 12 weeks of follow up after AMI. The outcome was change in myocardial functions, especially heart failure, 12 months after the attack. Results: Based on a cutoff mean value of hsCRP levels at admission (10.05±12.68 mg/L), patients were grouped into high and low C-reactive protein (CRP.) The ejection fraction was significantly lower at follow up in the high CRP group (37.29±12.97) compared to the low CRP group (43.85±11.77, p<0.0198). hsCRP had significant inverse correlation with left ventricular ejection fraction (r=-0.283, p<0.01). About 38.1% patients showed heart failure, with 23.6% in the high CRP group and 14.5% in the low CRP group (OR 2.4, p=0.028). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis showed that CRP levels at AMI had a specificity of 79% and sensitivity of 83% to predict heart failure. Conclusion: A high hsCRP level measured at first AMI predicts myocardial dysfunction and heart failure. It is suggested that hsCRP plays an important role in the development of heart failure after myocardial infarction.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/sangue , Adulto , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/fisiopatologia , Admissão do Paciente , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Arábia Saudita , Volume Sistólico , Fatores de Tempo , Função Ventricular Esquerda
9.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(8): e8309, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411246

RESUMO

This study aimed to detect the expression of the long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) antisense non-coding RNA in the INK4 locus (ANRIL) and evaluate its correlation with disease risk, stenosis degree, inflammation, as well as overall survival (OS) in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. A total of 230 patients who underwent diagnostic coronary angiography were consecutively recruited and assigned to CAD group (n=125) or control group (n=105) according to presence or absence of CAD. Gensini score was calculated to assess the severity of coronary artery damage. Plasma samples were collected and the expression ANRIL was detected in all participants. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and cytokines including tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interleukin (IL)-1ß, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, and IL-17 in CAD patients were measured and OS was calculated. The relative expression of ANRIL was higher in CAD patients compared to controls (P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic disclosed that ANRIL could distinguish CAD patients from controls with an area under the curve of 0.789 (95%CI: 0.731-0.847). Spearman's rank correlation test revealed that expression of ANRIL was positively correlated with Gensini score (P=0.001), levels of hs-CRP (P=0.001), ESR (P=0.038), TNF-α (P=0.004), and IL-6 (P<0.001), while negatively correlated with IL-10 level (P=0.008) in CAD patients. Kaplan-Meier curve revealed that high expression of ANRIL was associated with shorter OS (P=0.013). In conclusion, circulating ANRIL presented a good diagnostic value for CAD, and its high expression was associated with increased stenosis degree, raised inflammation, and poor OS in CAD patients.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana/diagnóstico , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Idoso , Sedimentação Sanguínea , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/sangue , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/complicações , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/genética , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Análise de Sobrevida
10.
Braz J Med Biol Res ; 52(9): e8392, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411315

RESUMO

The term inflammaging is now widely used to designate the inflammatory process of natural aging. During this process, cytokine balance is altered, presumably due to the loss of homeostasis, thus contributing to a greater predisposition to disease and exacerbation of chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between pro-inflammatory markers and age in the natural aging process of healthy individuals. One hundred and ten subjects were divided into 5 groups according to age (22 subjects/group). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were quantified using the ELISA method. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was analyzed by turbidimetry according to laboratory procedures. The main findings of this study were: a positive correlation between hsCRP and IL-6 as a function of age (110 subjects); women showed stronger correlations; the 51-60 age group had the highest values for hsCRP and IL-6; women presented higher values for hsCRP in the 51-60 age group and higher values for IL-6 in the 61-70 age group; and men showed higher values in the 51-60 age group for hsCRP and IL-6. In conclusion, the natural aging process increased IL-6 and hsCRP levels, which is consistent with the inflammaging theory; however, women presented stronger correlations compared to men (IL-6 and hsCRP) and the 51-60 age range seems to be a key point for these increases. These findings are important because they indicate that early preventive measures may minimize the increase in these inflammatory markers in natural human aging.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Imunossenescência/fisiologia , Inflamação/sangue , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Biomarcadores/análise , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Colesterol/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Interleucina-6/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Consumo de Oxigênio/fisiologia , Fatores Sexuais , Triglicerídeos/sangue , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/sangue , Adulto Jovem
11.
Arch Endocrinol Metab ; 63(4): 417-426, 2019 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31365630

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations among visceral adiposity index (VAI), lipid accumulation product (LAP), body fat percentage (%), and android/gynoid ratio (A/G ratio) in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and verify if the parameters representative of visceral obesity correlate with and exhibit the same frequency as body composition variables; anthropometric indices; and metabolic, hormonal, and inflammatory parameters. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that included 94 women with PCOS. Hormonal, metabolic, and inflammatory parameters were analyzed in all women. Free androgen index (FAI) and homeostasis model assessment (HOMA-IR), as well as LAP, VAI, and anthropometric indices, were calculated. The regions of interest (ROIs) in body composition and body composition indices were evaluated using a dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Overall, 32 variables were selected as markers of body fat distribution. RESULTS: Among the 32 markers evaluated, 29 correlated with LAP, whereas 25 correlated with VAI, 19 with body fat (%), and 30 with A/G ratio. Additionally, some markers correlated with the four adiposity indices evaluated: ROIs, except for total mass and leg fat (%); body composition (body mass index, waist circumference, and hip circumference) indices; fasting insulin; and C-reactive protein. CONCLUSION: LAP and VAI may be sensitive measures for screening and preventing metabolic syndrome and insulin resistance in PCOS, with LAP being more sensitive than VAI, and the A/G ratio may be more sensitive than body fat percentage.


Assuntos
Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Gordura Intra-Abdominal , Síndrome do Ovário Policístico/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Glicemia/análise , Composição Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Mediadores da Inflamação/sangue , Insulina/sangue , Produto da Acumulação Lipídica , Sobrepeso/sangue , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Globulina de Ligação a Hormônio Sexual/análise , Testosterona/sangue , Adulto Jovem
12.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(8): 599-603, 2019 Aug 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31434451

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the relationship between systemic inflammatory markers such as neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and C-reactive protein/albumin ratio (CAR), and lymph node metastasis in patients with cN0 gastric cancer. To establish a nomogram model to predict the risk of lymph node metastasis in patients with cN0 gastric cancer. Methods: The preoperative systemic inflammatory markers and clinical data of 134 patients with cN0 gastric cancer were retrospectively analyzed, and these markers of patients with negative (pN0) or positive (pN+ ) lymph node metastasis in postoperative pathological diagnosis were compared. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the predictive effect of preoperative systemic inflammatory markers on lymph node metastasis. The influencing factors for lymph node metastasis were assessed by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis. A nomogram subsequently established by R software was validated by Bootstrap resampling as internal validation. Results: Compared with pN0 group, NE (P=0.022), CRP (P<0.001), NLR (P<0.001), PLR (P=0.003) and CAR (P<0.001) were higher, LY (P=0.003) and Alb (P=0.042) were lower in pN+ group. ROC curve analysis showed that the area under the curve (AUC) of postoperative pathological lymph node metastasis in patients with cN0 gastric cancer diagnosed by NLR, PLR and CAR were 0.687, 0.651 and 0.694, respectively, and the best cutoff values were 2.12, 113.59 and 0.02, respectively. The corresponding sensitivity and specificity were 62.9% and 72.2%, 77.4% and 48.6%, 74.2% and 58.3%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed that tumor size, depth of invasion, NLR, PLR and CAR were associated with lymph node metastasis in cN0 gastric cancer patients (all P<0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that depth of invasion, NLR and CAR were independent influencing factors of lymph node metastasis in patients with cN0 gastric cancer. OR were 8.084, 3.540 and 3.092, respectively (all P<0.05). The C-index of the nomogram model was 0.847 (95% CI: 0.782-0.915). The predicting calibration curve was properly fit with the ideal curve in calibration chart. Conclusion: Combination of NLR and CAR to establish a nomogram model has a good consistency and can accurately predict the risk of lymph node metastasis in patients with cN0 gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Metástase Linfática , Nomogramas , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Período Pré-Operatório , Estudos Retrospectivos , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise
13.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 53(8): 835-839, 2019 Aug 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31378045

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the value of heparin-binding protein (HBP) in early diagnosis of severe infection in silicosis patients. Methods: From January 2017 to June 2018, fifty silicosis patients with severe infection and fity without infection were recruited in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University. In the severe infection group, the time of patients diagnosed with severe infection was set as the reference point for time. Blood samples were selected from the hospital inspection system sample library at the time of 24, 48, and 72 hours prior to the reference point. In the non-infection group, blood samples were selected within 24 hours of admission. The blood samples were tested for the levels of HBP, C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and white blood cell (WBC) count. The area under the curve (AUC) of the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve, sensitivity, specificity and Youden index (YI) were used to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of each indicator. Results: The HBP levels at 72, 48, 24, and 0 hours before the diagnosis in the severe infection group were significantly higher than those in the non-infection group (all of the P values <0.001), and decreased with the prolonged time before diagnosis. The ROC curve showed that the AUC of HBP at 72, 48, 24, and 0 h before the diagnosis in the severe infection group [0.828 (0.750-0.907), 0.966 (0.920-0.998), 0.967 (0.961-0.998), 0.997 (0.994-0.999)] was higher than that of PCT [0.563 (0.450-0.677), 0.687 (0.581-0.794), 0.726 (0.622-0.829), 0.982 (0.973-0.986)] and CRP [0.564 (0.449-0.680), 0.648 (0.535-0.761), 0.705 (0.594-0.817), 0.963 (0.924-0.983)] and WBC [0.492 (0.377-0.607), 0.497 (0.383-0.612), 0.628 (0.519-0.738), 0.700 (0.598-0.802)] at the corresponding time. The sensitivity, specificity and YI of HBP were 88.9%-97.6%, 77.1%-98.4% and 0.66-0.96 at 72, 36, 24 and 0 h before diagnosis, respectively. Conclusion: Heparin-binding protein can be used for early diagnosis of severe infection in silicosis patients.


Assuntos
Peptídeos Catiônicos Antimicrobianos/sangue , Proteínas de Transporte/sangue , Sepse/diagnóstico , Silicose/complicações , Proteínas Sanguíneas , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Diagnóstico Precoce , Humanos , Contagem de Leucócitos , Pró-Calcitonina/sangue , Curva ROC , Sepse/complicações , Silicose/sangue
14.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(72): 10772-10775, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432820

RESUMO

Herein, a novel photoelectrochemical (PEC) assay was developed for the sensitive detection of C-reactive protein (CRP) based on a zirconium-based metal-organic framework (PCN-777) as the photoelectric material and thioflavin-T (Th-T) as the effective signal sensitizer coupled with rolling circle amplification (RCA).


Assuntos
Benzotiazóis/química , Técnicas Biossensoriais , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Técnicas Eletroquímicas , Estruturas Metalorgânicas/química , Zircônio/química , Humanos , Processos Fotoquímicos
15.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(26): e16238, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31261584

RESUMO

This study tries to evaluate the associations between circulating C-reactive protein (CRP) and the overall survival of patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).One hundred ninety-two patients with advanced NSCLC who treated with chemotherapy were enrolled in this study. The cut-off value of CRP concentration was 5.0 mg/L. The patients were divided into low, intermediate and high 3 groups respectively according to the baseline level of CRP before the treatment. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox proportional-hazard models were used to evaluate the relationship between the CRP and overall survival time of patients.After adjusting for age, gender, smoking history, pathologic type, CRP was a significant independent impact which predicts the survival prognosis of patients with NSCLC. For all patients, the hazard ratio with high CRP levels for NSCLC-specific survival was 1.83 [95%confidenceinterval (CI) = 0.96, 3.48] compared with low CRP levels. The level of CRP was significantly correlated with survival time (hazard ratio = 1.77; 95% CI = 0.73, 4.26) for the patient with first-line chemotherapy. Patients with high level of circulating CRP also responded poorly to chemotherapy.A high level of circulating CRP was associated with a poor response and worse survival in patients with NSCLC.


Assuntos
Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/sangue , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida
16.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(27): e16015, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277095

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to describe the clinical features of bone and joint infections (BJI) due to Panton-Valentine Leukocidin producing (PVL+) Staphylococcus aureus (SA) in French Guiana.A multicenter study that consists of a retrospective charts review of children admitted for PVL+ S. aureus BJI between January 2010 and December 2015.Six patients with SA-PVL BJI were identified during the study period: 2 osteomyelitis, 1 septic arthritis, and 3 disseminated BJI. The median age was 11 years old (4-14 years), and fever lasted for 3.2 days (2-5 days) before diagnosis. An open skin wound preceded the BJI in 5/6 patients. One patient presented with a septic thrombophlebitis of the femoral-popliteal vein on admission. Methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) were identified for all patients. Three patients had complications: 2 cases of necrotizing pneumonia and 2 pericarditis, with 1 death caused by cardiac tamponade.SA-PVL BJI was not frequent. Strains were susceptible to methicillin, but responsible of severe BJI. Early diagnosis and a multidisciplinary management of these infections are essential to prevent further complications.


Assuntos
Artrite Infecciosa/microbiologia , Toxinas Bacterianas/análise , Exotoxinas/análise , Leucocidinas/análise , Osteomielite/microbiologia , Infecções Estafilocócicas/microbiologia , Adolescente , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Infecciosa/terapia , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Guiana Francesa , Humanos , Staphylococcus aureus Resistente à Meticilina/isolamento & purificação , Osteomielite/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Infecções Estafilocócicas/terapia
17.
Arerugi ; 68(6): 691-695, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31308335

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Paradoxical response (PR) is defined as a clinical or radiological worsening in patients receiving adequate anti-tuberculosis treatment, with the exclusion of documented relapse or of other disease presentations. Although most patients with PR show spontaneous improvement, some cases presenting with diffuse alveolar damage have also been reported. METHODS: Retrospective clinical and laboratory data were collected on 89 patients of pulmonary tuberculosis who were treated at our hospital between April 2013 and January 2019. RESULTS: PR occurred in 21 patients (24%), and the median onset time after anti-tuberculosis treatment was 22 days. The time to onset of PR was shorter in diffuse pulmonary infiltrates group than in local pulmonary infiltrates group or in pleural effusion group. Low serum albumin, elevated lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), high Creactive protein (CRP) and chest radiographic appearance exceeding one-lung area were associated with PR incidence. There was no difference in sputum smear grading and pulmonary cavitation. Six out of the ten patients died, developing PR with diffuse pulmonary infiltrates. CONCLUSION: Low albumin and chest radiographic appearance exceeding one-lung area were risk factors for developing PR. Diffuse pulmonary infiltrates in early phase of anti-tuberculosis treatment was related with Inhospital mortality.


Assuntos
Tuberculose Pulmonar/diagnóstico por imagem , Tuberculose Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Incidência , L-Lactato Desidrogenase/sangue , Radiografia , Radiografia Torácica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Albumina Sérica Humana/análise , Escarro , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao ; 41(3): 351-358, 2019 Jun 30.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31282329

RESUMO

Objective To explore the clinical factors that can be used to predict the early weight loss after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG).Methods The clinical data of 64 obese patients undergoing LSG in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from August 2015 to January 2018 were retrospectively analyzed.We analyzed the relationship between different clinical factors and early weight loss,determined the independent predictors based on Logistic models,and estimated their test power by using the receiver operating characteristic(ROC)curves.Results Correlation analysis indicated that preoperative body mass index(P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.000),waist circumference(WC)(P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.000),whole body fat volume(P=0.000,P=0.006,P=0.003),homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance(HOMA-IR)(P=0.000,P=0.000,P=0.002),and hypersensitive C-reactive protein(hsCRP)(P=0.004,P=0.002,P=0.025)were negatively correlated with excess weight loss percentage(EWL %) after 3,6 and 12 months.Also,hsCRP after 6 months showed negative correlation with EWL % after 1 year(P=0.029).Binary Logistic regression analysis showed that WC was an independent predictor of early weight loss(P=0.018).ROC analysis showed that when the optimal cutoff value is 142.5 cm for WC,Youden index was highest,with a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 87%.Patients were further divided into low WC group and high WC group based on this optimal cutoff value.The low WC group had significantly higher EWL% than the high WC group 3 months(t=6.677,P=0.000),6 months(t=6.157,P=0.000),and 1 year(t=4.006,P=0.000)after surgery.The low WC group also had significantly lower hsCRP than high WC group 6 months after surgery(z=-3.510,P=0.000).HOMA-IR showed no significant difference between these two groups(z=-0.821,P=0.412).Conclusions WC is an independent predictor of weight loss early after LSG.The patients with low WC have better weight loss effectiveness.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Obesidade Mórbida/cirurgia , Circunferência da Cintura , Perda de Peso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina , Laparoscopia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
N Engl J Med ; 381(2): 111-120, 2019 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31291514

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Point-of-care testing of C-reactive protein (CRP) may be a way to reduce unnecessary use of antibiotics without harming patients who have acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: We performed a multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled trial involving patients with a diagnosis of COPD in their primary care clinical record who consulted a clinician at 1 of 86 general medical practices in England and Wales for an acute exacerbation of COPD. The patients were assigned to receive usual care guided by CRP point-of-care testing (CRP-guided group) or usual care alone (usual-care group). The primary outcomes were patient-reported use of antibiotics for acute exacerbations of COPD within 4 weeks after randomization (to show superiority) and COPD-related health status at 2 weeks after randomization, as measured by the Clinical COPD Questionnaire, a 10-item scale with scores ranging from 0 (very good COPD health status) to 6 (extremely poor COPD health status) (to show noninferiority). RESULTS: A total of 653 patients underwent randomization. Fewer patients in the CRP-guided group reported antibiotic use than in the usual-care group (57.0% vs. 77.4%; adjusted odds ratio, 0.31; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.20 to 0.47). The adjusted mean difference in the total score on the Clinical COPD Questionnaire at 2 weeks was -0.19 points (two-sided 90% CI, -0.33 to -0.05) in favor of the CRP-guided group. The antibiotic prescribing decisions made by clinicians at the initial consultation were ascertained for all but 1 patient, and antibiotic prescriptions issued over the first 4 weeks of follow-up were ascertained for 96.9% of the patients. A lower percentage of patients in the CRP-guided group than in the usual-care group received an antibiotic prescription at the initial consultation (47.7% vs. 69.7%, for a difference of 22.0 percentage points; adjusted odds ratio, 0.31; 95% CI, 0.21 to 0.45) and during the first 4 weeks of follow-up (59.1% vs. 79.7%, for a difference of 20.6 percentage points; adjusted odds ratio, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.20 to 0.46). Two patients in the usual-care group died within 4 weeks after randomization from causes considered by the investigators to be unrelated to trial participation. CONCLUSIONS: CRP-guided prescribing of antibiotics for exacerbations of COPD in primary care clinics resulted in a lower percentage of patients who reported antibiotic use and who received antibiotic prescriptions from clinicians, with no evidence of harm. (Funded by the National Institute for Health Research Health Technology Assessment Program; PACE Current Controlled Trials number, ISRCTN24346473.).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Prescrição Inadequada/prevenção & controle , Testes Imediatos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença Pulmonar Obstrutiva Crônica/sangue
20.
JAMA ; 322(4): 315-325, 2019 07 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31334793

RESUMO

Importance: Patients with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) despite treatment with biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD) therapy need treatment options. Objective: To evaluate the effects of filgotinib vs placebo on the signs and symptoms of RA in a treatment-refractory population. Design, Setting, and Participants: A 24-week, randomized, placebo-controlled, multinational phase 3 trial conducted from July 2016 to June 2018 at 114 sites internationally, randomizing 449 adult patients (and treating 448) with moderately to severely active RA and inadequate response/intolerance to 1 or more prior bDMARDs. Interventions: Filgotinib, 200 mg (n = 148); filgotinib, 100 mg (n = 153); or placebo (n = 148) once daily; patients continued concomitant stable conventional synthetic DMARDs (csDMARDs). Main Outcomes and Measures: The primary end point was the proportion of patients who achieved 20% improvement in the American College of Rheumatology criteria (ACR20) at week 12. Secondary outcomes included week 12 assessments of low disease activity (disease activity score in 28 joints-C-reactive protein [DAS28-CRP] ≤3.2) and change in Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index, 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey Physical Component, and Functional Assessment of Chronic Illness Therapy-Fatigue scores, as well as week 24 assessment of remission (DAS28-CRP <2.6) and adverse events. Results: Among 448 patients who were treated (mean [SD] age, 56 [12] years; 360 women [80.4%]; mean [SD] DAS28-CRP score, 5.9 [0.96]; 105 [23.4%] with ≥3 prior bDMARDs), 381 (85%) completed the study. At week 12, more patients receiving filgotinib, 200 mg (66.0%) or 100 mg (57.5%), achieved ACR20 response (placebo, 31.1%; difference vs placebo: 34.9% [95% CI, 23.5%-46.3%] and 26.4% [95% CI, 15.0%-37.9%], respectively; both P < .001), including among patients with prior exposure to 3 or more bDMARDs (70.3%, 58.8%, and 17.6%, respectively; difference vs placebo: 52.6% [95% CI, 30.3%-75.0%] for filgotinib, 200 mg, and 41.2% [95% CI, 17.3%-65.0%] for filgotinib, 100 mg; both P < .001). The most common adverse events were nasopharyngitis (10.2%) for filgotinib, 200 mg; headache, nasopharyngitis, and upper respiratory infection (5.9% each) for filgotinib, 100 mg; and RA (6.1%) for placebo. Four uncomplicated herpes zoster cases and 1 retinal vein occlusion were reported with filgotinib; there were no opportunistic infections, active tuberculosis, malignancies, gastrointestinal perforations, or deaths. Conclusions and Relevance: Among patients with active RA who had an inadequate response or intolerance to 1 or more bDMARDs, filgotinib, 100 mg daily or 200 mg daily, compared with placebo resulted in a significantly greater proportion achieving a clinical response at week 12. However, further research is needed to assess longer-term efficacy and safety. Trial Registration: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT02873936.


Assuntos
Antirreumáticos/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Janus Quinase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Piridinas/uso terapêutico , Triazóis/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antirreumáticos/efeitos adversos , Biomarcadores/sangue , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Tolerância a Medicamentos , Feminino , Testes Hematológicos , Humanos , Infecção/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Piridinas/administração & dosagem , Piridinas/efeitos adversos , Indução de Remissão , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Triazóis/administração & dosagem , Triazóis/efeitos adversos
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