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1.
Cancer Sci ; 110(10): 3204-3214, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31385416

RESUMO

Peritoneal dissemination is the most frequent metastatic route of ovarian cancer. However, due to the high heterogeneity in ovarian cancer, most conventional studies lack parental tumor controls relevant to metastases and, thus, it is difficult to trace the molecular changes of cancer cells along with the selection by the abdominal microenvironment. Here, we established an in vivo mouse peritoneal dissemination scheme that allowed us to select more aggressive sublines from parental ovarian cancer cells, including A2780 and SKOV-3. Microarray and gene profiling analyses indicated that autophagy-related genes were enriched in selected malignant sublines. Detection of LC3-II, p62 and autophagic puncta demonstrated that these malignant variants were more sensitive to autophagic induction when exposed to diverse stress conditions, such as high cell density, starvation and drug treatment. As compared with parental A2780, the selected variant acquired the ability to grow better under high-density stress; however, this effect was reversed by addition of autophagic inhibitors or knockdown of ATG5. When analyzing the clinical profiles of autophagy-related genes identified to be enriched in malignant A2780 variant, 73% of them had prognostic significance for the survival of ovarian cancer patients. Taken together, our findings indicate that an increase in autophagic potency among ovarian cancer cells is crucial for selection of metastatic colonies in the abdominal microenvironment. In addition, the derived autophagic gene profile can not only predict prognosis well but can also be potentially applied to precision medicine for identifying those ovarian cancer patients suitable for taking anti-autophagy cancer drugs.


Assuntos
Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Animais , Autofagia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Humanos , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Análise de Sequência com Séries de Oligonucleotídeos/métodos , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Peritoneais/genética , Neoplasias Peritoneais/patologia , Medicina de Precisão , Prognóstico , Microambiente Tumoral
2.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 41(7): 522-526, 2019 Jul 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357839

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the expression of nucleolar and spindle-associated protein 1 (NUSAP1) in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and analyze its relationship with the prognosis of NSCLC patients. Methods: Real-time fluorescent quantitative PCR and immunohistochemical staining were performed to determine the expression of NUSAP1 in NSCLC tissues and adjacent tissues collected from hospital. The relationship between NUSAP1 expression and prognosis of NSCLC patients was analyzed by online database. Results: The expression level of NUSAP1 mRNA in tumor tissues was significantly higher than that of adjacent tissues (P<0.05). The high expression rate of NUSAP1 protein in NSCLC tissues was 58.0% (29/50), significantly higher than 22.0% (11/50) of adjacent tissues (P<0.05). The high expression of NUSAP1 protein in NSCLC tissues was closely correlated with tumor size, lymph node metastasis and TNM stage (P<0.05), but was not related to age and gender. The data showed that the expression level of NUSAP1 mRNA was inversely associated with the overall survival (OS) of NSCLC patients (P<0.001). The expression of NUSAP1 mRNA was significantly correlated with the pathological grade, clinical stage, gender, chemotherapy, smoking history, and histological type of NSCLC patients (P<0.05). Conclusions: The expression of NUSAP1 is up-regulated in NSCLC, which is correlated with the growth and development of NSCLC and prognosis of the patients. These results indicate that NUSAP1 can be used as a potential prognostic marker for NSCLC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Prognóstico
3.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 21(6): 580-584, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208513

RESUMO

Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is a group of autosomal recessive tubulointerstitial cystic kidney disorders. This article reports a case of NPHP type 12 caused by TTC21B mutations. The girl had an insidious onset, with moderate proteinuria, renal dysfunction, stage 2 hypertension, situs inversus, and short phalanges when she visited the hospital for the first time at the age of 3 years and 6 months. The renal lesions progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) before she was 4 years old. Urine protein electrophoresis showed glomerular proteinuria. There were significant increases in urinary ß2-microglobulin and α1-microglobulin. Gene detection revealed two compound heterozygous mutations, c.1552T>C (p.C518R) and c.752T>G (p.M251R), in the TTC21B gene, which came from her father and mother respectively. The c.752T>G mutation was a novel mutation. It is concluded that besides typical tubular changes of NPHP, marked glomerular damage is also observed in patients with TTC21B gene mutations.


Assuntos
Doenças Renais Císticas , Falência Renal Crônica , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Nefrose/genética , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Rim , Mutação
4.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2612, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197141

RESUMO

Primary microcephaly is caused by mutations in genes encoding centrosomal proteins including WDR62 and KIF2A. However, mechanisms underlying human microcephaly remain elusive. By creating mutant mice and human cerebral organoids, here we found that WDR62 deletion resulted in a reduction in the size of mouse brains and organoids due to the disruption of neural progenitor cells (NPCs), including outer radial glia (oRG). WDR62 ablation led to retarded cilium disassembly, long cilium, and delayed cell cycle progression leading to decreased proliferation and premature differentiation of NPCs. Mechanistically, WDR62 interacts with and promotes CEP170's localization to the basal body of primary cilium, where CEP170 recruits microtubule-depolymerizing factor KIF2A to disassemble cilium. WDR62 depletion reduced KIF2A's basal body localization, and enhanced KIF2A expression partially rescued deficits in cilium length and NPC proliferation. Thus, modeling microcephaly with cerebral organoids and mice reveals a WDR62-CEP170-KIF2A pathway promoting cilium disassembly, disruption of which contributes to microcephaly.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Cinesina/metabolismo , Microcefalia/patologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Animais , Técnicas de Cultura de Células , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células , Cílios/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Microcefalia/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/patologia , Neuroglia/citologia , Neuroglia/patologia , Organoides/patologia , Fosfoproteínas/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo
5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2588, 2019 06 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31197172

RESUMO

The brain is a genomic mosaic shaped by cellular responses to genome damage. Here, we manipulate somatic genome stability by conditional Knl1 deletion from embryonic mouse brain. KNL1 mutations cause microcephaly and KNL1 mediates the spindle assembly checkpoint, a safeguard against chromosome missegregation and aneuploidy. We find that following Knl1 deletion, segregation errors in mitotic neural progenitor cells give rise to DNA damage on the missegregated chromosomes. This triggers rapid p53 activation and robust apoptotic and microglial phagocytic responses that extensively eliminate cells with somatic genome damage, thus causing microcephaly. By leaving only karyotypically normal progenitors to continue dividing, these mechanisms provide a second safeguard against brain somatic aneuploidy. Without Knl1 or p53-dependent safeguards, genome-damaged cells are not cleared, alleviating microcephaly, but paradoxically leading to total pre-weaning lethality. Thus, mitotic genome damage activates robust responses to eliminate somatic mutant cells, which if left unpurged, can impact brain and organismal fitness.


Assuntos
Aneuploidia , Microcefalia/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Segregação de Cromossomos/genética , Dano ao DNA/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Embrião de Mamíferos , Instabilidade Genômica , Humanos , Cinetocoros/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , Deleção de Sequência , Fuso Acromático/metabolismo
6.
Vet Microbiol ; 233: 78-84, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176416

RESUMO

Autophagy is a critical physiologic process contributing to the maintenance of cell homeostasis. Autophagy dysfunction has been directly linked to a growing number of neurodegenerative disorders, including prion diseases. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying autophagic failure and its connection with prion neuropathology. In a previous work we described alterations of this process in the central nervous system (CNS) of sheep naturally infected with classical scrapie, although specific neuronal populations such as Purkinje cells seemed to display an autophagy-related neuroprotective effect against prion toxicity. As atypical scrapie displays a lesion pattern different to the one observed in the classical form, using immunohistochemical analyses, we further investigated herein the role of autophagy in the CNS of sheep experimentally infected with atypical scrapie prions. While ATG5 protein showed a similar distribution in atypical scrapie to that observed in the classical form, expression of LC3-B and LC3-A did not change in any brain region. However, p62, a marker of impaired autophagy, was overexpressed in the most prion-affected areas, including Purkinje cells, which suggests that autophagic activity is deteriorated in the CNS of atypical scrapie and these cells are also susceptible to neurotoxicity and do not exhibit a general defensive mechanism based on autophagy. By comparing data from both clinical scrapie forms, we have demonstrated that autophagy impairment is highly dependent on the neuropathological lesion levels of the brain area analysed and may be implicated in prion neuropathology.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Encéfalo/patologia , Príons , Scrapie/patologia , Animais , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Feminino , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Neurônios/patologia , Células de Purkinje/patologia , Ovinos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
7.
Eur J Histochem ; 63(2)2019 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31189296

RESUMO

The Kölliker's organ is a transient epithelial structure during cochlea development that gradually degenerates and disappears at postnatal 12-14 days (P12-14). While apoptosis has been shown to play an essential role in the degeneration of the Kölliker's organ, the role of another programmed cell death, autophagy, remains unclear. In our study, autophagy markers including microtubule associated protein light chain 3-II (LC3-II), sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1/p62) and Beclin1 were detected in the supporting cells of the Kölliker's organ through immunohistochemistry staining. In addition, Western blot and real-time PCR revealed a gradually decreased expression of LC3-II and an increased expression of p62 during early postnatal development. Compared to apoptosis markers that peaks between P7 and P10, autophagy flux peaked earlier at P1 and decreased from P1 to P14. By transmission electron microscopy, we observed representative autophagosome and autolysosome that packaged various organelles in the supporting cells of the Kölliker's organ. During the degeneration, these organelles were digested via autophagy well ahead of the cellular apoptosis. These results suggest that autophagy plays an important role in transition and degeneration of the Kölliker's organ prior to apoptosis during the early postnatal development.


Assuntos
Apoptose/fisiologia , Autofagia/fisiologia , Cóclea/embriologia , Cóclea/metabolismo , Animais , Anticorpos/imunologia , Proteína Beclina-1/genética , Proteína Beclina-1/imunologia , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Caspase 3/genética , Caspase 3/imunologia , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Cóclea/citologia , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/imunologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/imunologia , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Mol Carcinog ; 58(8): 1410-1426, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31066116

RESUMO

Previous investigations have found that MARVEL domain-containing 1 (MARVELD1) could inhibit tumor cell proliferation and enhance the sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs in hepatocellular carcinoma. Hence, it may be a valuable therapeutic target. In the study, we analyzed the responsive changes of MARVELD1 to 25 stress factors and expression of MARVELD1 in epithelial tumors of the reproductive system. We found that MARVELD1 was transferred to the cytoplasm and mitochondria under cell stress. And under cellular stress, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels decreased in MARVELD1 expressed cells while increased in the cells of MARVELD1-specific siRNA treatment. Meanwhile, MARVELD1 overexpression significantly promoted the inhibition of tumor cell proliferation under cellular stress via affecting ROS metabolism, not cell cycle. In xenograft tumor tissues with MARVELD1 expression, the tumor growth was inhibited and accompanied by the lower ROS levels. Furthermore, we identified that MARVELD1 could interact with catalase (CAT) to enhance latter activity and maintain stability. And the enhanced sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs clearly depended on the ability of MARVELD1 scavenge the ROS in carcinoma cells of the reproductive system. Our findings clearly explain that MARVELD1 may regulate tumor cell proliferation and sensitivity to chemotherapeutic drugs via reducing the exorbitant ROS. The mechanism was that MARVELD1 interacted with CAT to maintain latter stability, and then ensure continuous ROS scavenge.


Assuntos
Catalase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/patologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Células HeLa , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Neoplasias Epiteliais e Glandulares/genética , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Interferência de RNA , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética
9.
J Exp Clin Cancer Res ; 38(1): 184, 2019 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31053160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Celastrol, a triterpene compound derived from the traditional Chinese medicine Tripterygium wilfordii, has been reported to possess potential antitumor activity towards various malignancies. However, the effect of celastrol on glioma cells and the underlying molecular mechanisms remain elusive. METHODS: Glioma cells, including the U251, U87-MG and C6 cell lines and an animal model were used. The effects of celastrol on cells were evaluated by flow cytometry, confocal microscopy, reactive oxygen species production assay and immunoblotting after treatment of celastrol. Fisher's exact test, a one-way ANOVA and the Mann-Whitney U-test were used to compare differences between groups. All data were analyzed using SPSS version 21.0 software. RESULTS: Here, we found that exposure to celastrol induced G2/M phase arrest and apoptosis. Celastrol increased the formation of autophagosomes, accumulation of LC3B and the expression of p62 protein. Celastrol-treated glioma cells exhibited decreased cell viability after the use of autophagy inhibitors. Additionally, autophagy and apoptosis caused by celastrol in glioma cells inhibited each other. Furthermore, celastrol induced JNK activation and ROS production and inhibited the activities of Akt and mTOR kinases. JNK and ROS inhibitors significantly attenuated celastrol-trigged apoptosis and autophagy, while Akt and mTOR inhibitors had opposite effects. CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, our study revealed that celastrol caused G2/M phase arrest and trigged apoptosis and autophagy by activating ROS/JNK signaling and blocking the Akt/mTOR signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Glioma/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Humanos , MAP Quinase Quinase 4/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Infect Immun ; 87(7)2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31036602

RESUMO

The fungal pathogen Histoplasma capsulatum causes a spectrum of disease, ranging from local pulmonary infection to disseminated disease. The organism seeks residence in macrophages, which are permissive for its survival. Hypoxia-inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), a principal regulator of innate immunity to pathogens, is necessary for macrophage-mediated immunity to H. capsulatum in mice. In the present study, we analyzed the effect of HIF-1α in human macrophages infected with this fungus. HIF-1α stabilization was detected in peripheral blood monocyte-derived macrophages at 2 to 24 h after infection with viable yeast cells. Further, host mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis were enhanced. In contrast, heat-killed yeasts induced early, but not later, stabilization of HIF-1α. Since the absence of HIF-1α is detrimental to host control of infection, we asked if large amounts of HIF-1α protein, exceeding those induced by H. capsulatum, altered macrophage responses to this pathogen. Exposure of infected macrophages to an HIF-1α stabilizer significantly reduced recovery of H. capsulatum from macrophages and produced a decrement in mitochondrial respiration and glycolysis compared to those of controls. We observed recruitment of the autophagy-related protein LC3-II to the phagosome, whereas enhancing HIF-1α reduced phagosomal decoration. This finding suggested that H. capsulatum exploited an autophagic process to survive. In support of this assertion, inhibition of autophagy activated macrophages to limit intracellular growth of H. capsulatum Thus, enhancement of HIF-1α creates a hostile environment for yeast cells in human macrophages by interrupting the ability of the pathogen to provoke host cell autophagy.


Assuntos
Histoplasma/imunologia , Histoplasmose/imunologia , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/imunologia , Macrófagos/imunologia , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/imunologia , Animais , Autofagia , Histoplasmose/genética , Histoplasmose/microbiologia , Histoplasmose/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Subunidade alfa do Fator 1 Induzível por Hipóxia/genética , Macrófagos/microbiologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Fagossomos/imunologia , Fagossomos/microbiologia
11.
Mol Cell ; 74(5): 909-921.e6, 2019 06 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31006538

RESUMO

Certain proteins and organelles can be selectively degraded by autophagy. Typical substrates and receptors of selective autophagy have LC3-interacting regions (LIRs) that bind to autophagosomal LC3 and GABARAP family proteins. Here, we performed a differential interactome screen using wild-type LC3B and a LIR recognition-deficient mutant and identified TEX264 as a receptor for autophagic degradation of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER-phagy). TEX264 is an ER protein with a single transmembrane domain and a LIR motif. TEX264 interacts with LC3 and GABARAP family proteins more efficiently and is expressed more ubiquitously than previously known ER-phagy receptors. ER-phagy is profoundly blocked by deletion of TEX264 alone and almost completely by additional deletion of FAM134B and CCPG1. A long intrinsically disordered region of TEX264 is required for its ER-phagy receptor function to bridge the gap between the ER and autophagosomal membranes independently of its amino acid sequence. These results suggest that TEX264 is a major ER-phagy receptor.


Assuntos
Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/genética , Autofagia/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos/genética , Proteínas Relacionadas à Autofagia/química , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Retículo Endoplasmático/química , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Humanos , Proteínas Intrinsicamente Desordenadas/química , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteólise
12.
Oncol Rep ; 41(6): 3292-3304, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31002345

RESUMO

The ubiquitin­specific protease 9X (USP9X) is a conserved deubiquitinase that has been investigated in several types of human cancer. However, the clinical significance and the biological roles of USP9X in prostate cancer remain unexplored. In the present study, an investigation into the expression and clinical significance of USP9X in prostate cancer revealed that USP9X expression was downregulated in prostate cancer tissues compared with that in healthy tissues. In addition, decreased USP9X expression was associated with a higher Gleason score and local invasion. Depletion of USP9X in prostate cancer LNCaP and PC­3 cells by small interfering RNA promoted cell invasion and migration. Furthermore, USP9X depletion upregulated matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9) and the phosphorylation of dynamin­related protein 1 (DRP1). Notably, a significant increase in phosphorylated extracellular signal­regulated kinase (ERK), an upstream activator of MMP9 and DRP1, was observed. To investigate whether ERK activation was able to increase MMP9 protein levels and induce DRP1 phosphorylation, an ERK inhibitor was used, demonstrating that ERK­mediated MMP9 production and change in mitochondrial function was critical for the biological function of USP9X in prostate cancer cells. In conclusion, the present study demonstrated that USP9X is downregulated in prostate cancer and functions as an inhibitor of tumor cell invasion, possibly through the regulation of the ERK signaling pathway.


Assuntos
GTP Fosfo-Hidrolases/genética , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Ubiquitina Tiolesterase/genética , Idoso , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Enzimas Desubiquitinantes/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Fosforilação/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
13.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 114: 108832, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30965236

RESUMO

Circular RNAs are known to participate in tumorigenesis through a variety of pathways, and as such, have potential to serve as molecular markers in tumor diagnosis and treatment. Here, using quantitative reverse transcription (qRT)-PCR, we showed that circ-CSPP1 is highly expressed in ovarian cancer (OC) tissues. Particularly, we detected circ-CSPP1 expression in three OC cell lines; of which, OVCAR3 and A2780 demonstrated higher levels of circ-CSPP1 expression, and CAOV3 showed lower circ-CSPP1 expression level. Subsequent silencing of circ-CSPP1 in OVCAR3 and A2780 cell lines revealed decreased cell growth, migration and invasion, while overexpression of circ-CSPP1 caused opposite results We also found that miR-1236-3p is a target of circ-CSPP1. Circ-CSPP1 silencing increased the expression of miR-1236-3p, and circ-CSPP1 overexpression decreased miR-1236-3p expression. MiR-1236-3p reportedly plays a tumor-suppressor role in OC by targeting zinc finger E-box binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1). In agreement with this, we showed that silencing circ-CSPP1 significantly decreased ZEB1 expression at both RNA and protein levels, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) related markers (E-cadherin and N-cadherin) varied with ZEB1 expression. Circ-CSPP1 silencing also caused decreased expression of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA), both of which are related to tumorigenesis. Overexpression of circ-CSPP1 had opposite effects. In addition, we indicated that the tumor-promoting effect was inhibited after we transfected miR-1236-3p into circ-CSPP1 overexpressing OC cells. Altogether, our findings suggest that by acting as a miR-1236-3p sponge, circ-CSPP1 impairs the inhibitory effect of miR-1236-3p on ZEB1, which subsequently promotes EMT and OC development.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/genética , RNA/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/genética , Neoplasias Ovarianas/patologia , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Homeobox 1 de Ligação a E-box em Dedo de Zinco/genética
14.
Mol Cancer ; 18(1): 82, 2019 04 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30953511

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is the most common biliary tract malignancy and not sensitive to chemotherapy. Autophagy is an important factor prolonging the survival of cancer cells under chemotherapeutic stress. We aimed to investigate the role of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in autophagy and chemoresistance of gallbladder cancer cells. METHODS: We established doxorubicin (Dox)-resistant gallbladder cancer cells and used microarray analysis to compare the expression profiles of lncRNAs in Dox-resistant gallbladder cancer cells and their parental cells. Knockdown or exogenous expression of lncRNA combined with in vitro and in vivo assays were performed to prove the functional significance of lncRNA. The effects of lncRNA on autophagy were assessed by stubRFP-sensGFP-LC3 and western blot. We used RNA pull-down and mass spectrometry analysis to identify the target proteins of lncRNA. RESULTS: The drug-resistant property of gallbladder cancer cells is related to their enhanced autophagic activity. And we found a lncRNA ENST00000425894 termed gallbladder cancer drug resistance-associated lncRNA1 (GBCDRlnc1) that serves as a critical regulator in gallbladder cancer chemoresistance. Furthermore, we discovered that GBCDRlnc1 is upregulated in gallbladder cancer tissues. Knockdown of GBCDRlnc1, via inhibiting autophagy at initial stage, enhanced the sensitivity of Dox-resistant gallbladder cancer cells to Dox in vitro and in vivo. Mechanically, we identified that GBCDRlnc1 interacts with phosphoglycerate kinase 1 and inhibits its ubiquitination in Dox-resistant gallbladder cancer cells, which leads to the down-regulation of autophagy initiator ATG5-ATG12 conjugate. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings established that the chemoresistant driver GBCDRlnc1 might be a candidate therapeutic target for the treatment of advanced gallbladder cancer.


Assuntos
Autofagia/genética , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Fosfoglicerato Quinase/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Idoso , Animais , Antibióticos Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 12 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Proteína 12 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Oligorribonucleotídeos/genética , Oligorribonucleotídeos/metabolismo , Fosfoglicerato Quinase/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/agonistas , RNA Longo não Codificante/antagonistas & inibidores , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Ubiquitinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 225, 2019 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987672

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Delivery of constructs for silencing or over-expressing genes or their modified versions is a crucial step for studying neuronal cell biology. Therefore, efficient transfection is important for the success of these experimental techniques especially in post-mitotic cells like neurons. In this study, we have assessed the transfection rate, using a previously established protocol, in both primary cortical cultures and neuroblastoma cell lines. Transfection efficiencies in these preparations have not been systematically determined before. RESULTS: Transfection efficiencies obtained herein were (10-12%) for neuroblastoma, (5-12%) for primary astrocytes and (1.3-6%) for primary neurons. We also report on cell-type specific transfection efficiency of neurons and astrocytes within primary cortical cultures when applying cell-type selective transfection protocols. Previous estimations described in primary cortical or hippocampal cultures were either based on general observations or on data derived from unspecified number of biological and/or technical replicates. Also to the best of our knowledge, transfection efficiency of pure primary neuronal cultures or astrocytes cultured in the context of pure or mixed (neurons/astrocytes) population cultures have not been previously determined. The transfection strategy used herein represents a convenient, and a straightforward tool for targeted cell transfection that can be utilized in a variety of in vitro applications.


Assuntos
Astrócitos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Plasmídeos/metabolismo , Transfecção/métodos , Animais , Antígenos Nucleares/genética , Antígenos Nucleares/metabolismo , Astrócitos/citologia , Astrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Córtex Cerebral/citologia , Córtex Cerebral/metabolismo , Técnicas de Cocultura , Expressão Gênica , Genes Reporter , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/genética , Proteína Glial Fibrilar Ácida/metabolismo , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Humanos , Lipídeos/química , Lipídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/citologia , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Especificidade de Órgãos , Plasmídeos/química , Cultura Primária de Células
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(28): 7977-7985, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932489

RESUMO

2-Amino-3,8-dimethylimidazo[4,5-f]quinoxaline (MeIQx), one of the most abundant heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAAs) found in the human diet, is primarily produced during high-temperature meat or fish cooking. While MeIQx has been investigated as a potential carcinogen, the cytotoxicity and related molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that autophagosome maturation is blocked by MeIQx. Mechanistically, MeIQx inhibits acidification of lysosomes rather than prevents autophagosome-lysosome fusion. Moreover, cellular lipid profiles are altered by MeIQx treatment. Notably, many phospholipids and sphingolipids are significantly upregulated after exposure to MeIQx. Furthermore, MeIQx decreases expression of pluripotency-associated proteins in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Together, MeIQx blocks autophagosome maturation through inhibiting acidification of lysosomes, alters lipid metabolism, and decreases expression of pluripotent factors. Our studies provide more cytotoxic evidence and elucidate related mechanisms on the risk of HAA exposure and are expected to promote supervision of food safety and human health.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos/química , Quinoxalinas/farmacologia , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Humanos , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
17.
In Vitro Cell Dev Biol Anim ; 55(5): 341-348, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31025250

RESUMO

Atg5, as a switch of cell autophagy and apoptosis, plays an important regulatory role in the occurrence and development of autophagy. Atg5 has been reported to involve the autophagy process but little in the apoptotic process. Here, we constructed an Atg5-/- DF-1 cell line using the CRISPR/Cas9 assay and confirmed the significant difference in growth kinetics between Atg5-/- DF-1 cells and wild-type DF-1 cells. Importantly, we found that Atg5 suppresses the cellular proliferation and induce the apoptosis in DF-1 cells by Hoechst's staining, flow cytometry, and caspase activity assay. All these findings indicated that Atg5 plays an important role in the proliferation of DF-1 cells. On the other hand, we compared the expression of autophagy key proteins LC3 and P62 in Atg5 knockout cells and wild-type cells, and detected the aggregation point distribution of LC3 protein in cells by laser confocal technique; our results showed that Atg5 knockout inhibited autophagy compared with wild-type cells. The present findings further help to resolve the molecular mechanisms regulating Atg5 autophagy and apoptosis.


Assuntos
Apoptose/genética , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Autofagia/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Animais , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular , Galinhas/genética , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética
18.
PLoS Genet ; 15(3): e1008012, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865627

RESUMO

orb is a founding member of the CPEB family of translational regulators and is required at multiple steps during Drosophila oogenesis. Previous studies showed that orb is required during mid-oogenesis for the translation of the posterior/germline determinant oskar mRNA and the dorsal-ventral determinant gurken mRNA. Here, we report that orb also functions upstream of these axes determinants in the polarization of the microtubule network (MT). Prior to oskar and gurken translational activation, the oocyte MT network is repolarized. The MT organizing center at the oocyte posterior is disassembled, and a new MT network is established at the oocyte anterior. Repolarization depends upon cross-regulatory interactions between anterior (apical) and posterior (basal) Par proteins. We show that repolarization of the oocyte also requires orb and that orb is needed for the proper functioning of the Par proteins. orb interacts genetically with aPKC and cdc42 and in egg chambers compromised for orb activity, Par-1 and aPKC protein and aPKC mRNA are mislocalized. Moreover, like cdc42-, the defects in Par protein localization appear to be connected to abnormalities in the cortical actin cytoskeleton. These abnormalities also disrupt the localization of the spectraplakin Shot and the microtubule minus-end binding protein Patronin. These two proteins play a critical role in the repolarization of the MT network.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/citologia , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/metabolismo , Oócitos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Polaridade Celular/genética , Polaridade Celular/fisiologia , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Feminino , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Genes de Insetos , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Mutação , Oócitos/citologia , Oogênese/genética , Proteína Quinase C/genética , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Transporte de RNA , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador alfa/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador alfa/metabolismo
19.
Mol Cell ; 74(2): 330-346.e11, 2019 04 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30853400

RESUMO

The autophagy cargo receptor p62 facilitates the condensation of misfolded, ubiquitin-positive proteins and their degradation by autophagy, but the molecular mechanism of p62 signaling to the core autophagy machinery is unclear. Here, we show that disordered residues 326-380 of p62 directly interact with the C-terminal region (CTR) of FIP200. Crystal structure determination shows that the FIP200 CTR contains a dimeric globular domain that we designated the "Claw" for its shape. The interaction of p62 with FIP200 is mediated by a positively charged pocket in the Claw, enhanced by p62 phosphorylation, mutually exclusive with the binding of p62 to LC3B, and it promotes degradation of ubiquitinated cargo by autophagy. Furthermore, the recruitment of the FIP200 CTR slows the phase separation of ubiquitinated proteins by p62 in a reconstituted system. Our data provide the molecular basis for a crosstalk between cargo condensation and autophagosome formation.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/química , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/química , Autofagossomos/química , Autofagia/genética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Humanos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/química , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/genética , Proteólise , Proteína Sequestossoma-1/genética , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Ubiquitina/química , Ubiquitina/genética
20.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(4): 1132-1143, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901771

RESUMO

Purpose: Bardet-Biedl syndrome (BBS) is an archetypical ciliopathy caused by defective ciliary trafficking and consequent function. Insights gained from BBS mouse models are applicable to other syndromic and nonsyndromic retinal diseases. This progressive characterization of the visual phenotype in three BBS mouse models sets a baseline for testing therapeutic interventions. Methods: Longitudinal acquisition of electroretinograms, optical coherence tomography scans, and visual acuity using the optomotor reflex in Bbs6/Mkks, Bbs8/Ttc8, and Bbs5 knockout mice. Gene and protein expression analysis in vivo and in vitro. Results: Complete loss of BBS5, BBS6, or BBS8 leads to different rates of retinal degeneration and visual function over time. BBS8-deficient mice showed the fastest rate of degeneration, and BBS8 seems to be required for cone photoreceptors to reach functional maturity. In contrast, the loss of BBS5 (a further BBSome component) showed very little degeneration. Loss of BBS8 versus BBS5 resulted in different physiologic responses both in vivo and in vitro. BBS6-deficient mice show a slower rate of degeneration with both rod and cone function reducing at a similar rate. Conclusions: The mouse models analyzed show distinct and diverging courses of degeneration upon loss of BBS5, BBS6, or BBS8, which can be used as a benchmark to test therapeutic interventions. Close consideration of the different phenotypes reveal subtle but important differences relating to their function. Because we also see differences in terms of phenotype depending on the type of visual assessment used, our data highlight the importance of using a combinatorial approach for assessment of visual function.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Bardet-Biedl/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Retina/fisiopatologia , Degeneração Retiniana/fisiopatologia , Visão Ocular/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Animais , Síndrome de Bardet-Biedl/genética , Western Blotting , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Eletrorretinografia , Técnicas de Genotipagem , Chaperoninas do Grupo II/genética , Imuno-Histoquímica , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Mutantes , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Fenótipo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Degeneração Retiniana/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Tomografia de Coerência Óptica
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