Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 3.727
Filtrar
1.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4629, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32934208

RESUMO

Cancer therapy is currently shifting from broadly used cytotoxic drugs to patient-specific precision therapies. Druggable driver oncogenes, identified by molecular analyses, are present in only a subset of patients. Functional profiling of primary tumor cells could circumvent these limitations, but suitable platforms are unavailable for most cancer entities. Here, we describe an in vitro drug profiling platform for rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), using a living biobank composed of twenty RMS patient-derived xenografts (PDX) for high-throughput drug testing. Optimized in vitro conditions preserve phenotypic and molecular characteristics of primary PDX cells and are compatible with propagation of cells directly isolated from patient tumors. Besides a heterogeneous spectrum of responses of largely patient-specific vulnerabilities, profiling with a large drug library reveals a strong sensitivity towards AKT inhibitors in a subgroup of RMS. Overall, our study highlights the feasibility of in vitro drug profiling of primary RMS for patient-specific treatment selection in a co-clinical setting.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais/métodos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Rabdomiossarcoma/metabolismo , Animais , Bancos de Espécimes Biológicos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fenótipo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Rabdomiossarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Rabdomiossarcoma/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
2.
Lancet Oncol ; 21(10): 1296-1308, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32919527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) testing might provide a current assessment of the genomic profile of advanced cancer, without the need to repeat tumour biopsy. We aimed to assess the accuracy of ctDNA testing in advanced breast cancer and the ability of ctDNA testing to select patients for mutation-directed therapy. METHODS: We did an open-label, multicohort, phase 2a, platform trial of ctDNA testing in 18 UK hospitals. Participants were women (aged ≥18 years) with histologically confirmed advanced breast cancer and an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status 0-2. Patients had completed at least one previous line of treatment for advanced breast cancer or relapsed within 12 months of neoadjuvant or adjuvant chemotherapy. Patients were recruited into four parallel treatment cohorts matched to mutations identified in ctDNA: cohort A comprised patients with ESR1 mutations (treated with intramuscular extended-dose fulvestrant 500 mg); cohort B comprised patients with HER2 mutations (treated with oral neratinib 240 mg, and if oestrogen receptor-positive with intramuscular standard-dose fulvestrant); cohort C comprised patients with AKT1 mutations and oestrogen receptor-positive cancer (treated with oral capivasertib 400 mg plus intramuscular standard-dose fulvestrant); and cohort D comprised patients with AKT1 mutations and oestrogen receptor-negative cancer or PTEN mutation (treated with oral capivasertib 480 mg). Each cohort had a primary endpoint of confirmed objective response rate. For cohort A, 13 or more responses among 78 evaluable patients were required to infer activity and three or more among 16 were required for cohorts B, C, and D. Recruitment to all cohorts is complete and long-term follow-up is ongoing. This trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT03182634; the European Clinical Trials database, EudraCT2015-003735-36; and the ISRCTN registry, ISRCTN16945804. FINDINGS: Between Dec 21, 2016, and April 26, 2019, 1051 patients registered for the study, with ctDNA results available for 1034 patients. Agreement between ctDNA digital PCR and targeted sequencing was 96-99% (n=800, kappa 0·89-0·93). Sensitivity of digital PCR ctDNA testing for mutations identified in tissue sequencing was 93% (95% CI 83-98) overall and 98% (87-100) with contemporaneous biopsies. In all cohorts, combined median follow-up was 14·4 months (IQR 7·0-23·7). Cohorts B and C met or exceeded the target number of responses, with five (25% [95% CI 9-49]) of 20 patients in cohort B and four (22% [6-48]) of 18 patients in cohort C having a response. Cohorts A and D did not reach the target number of responses, with six (8% [95% CI 3-17]) of 74 in cohort A and two (11% [1-33]) of 19 patients in cohort D having a response. The most common grade 3-4 adverse events were raised gamma-glutamyltransferase (13 [16%] of 80 patients; cohort A); diarrhoea (four [25%] of 20; cohort B); fatigue (four [22%] of 18; cohort C); and rash (five [26%] of 19; cohort D). 17 serious adverse reactions occurred in 11 patients, and there was one treatment-related death caused by grade 4 dyspnoea (in cohort C). INTERPRETATION: ctDNA testing offers accurate, rapid genotyping that enables the selection of mutation-directed therapies for patients with breast cancer, with sufficient clinical validity for adoption into routine clinical practice. Our results demonstrate clinically relevant activity of targeted therapies against rare HER2 and AKT1 mutations, confirming these mutations could be targetable for breast cancer treatment. FUNDING: Cancer Research UK, AstraZeneca, and Puma Biotechnology.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , DNA Tumoral Circulante/sangue , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor alfa de Estrogênio/genética , Feminino , Fulvestranto/uso terapêutico , Genótipo , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Estudos Prospectivos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Pirróis/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , Receptor ErbB-2/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores Estrogênicos/genética , Receptores Estrogênicos/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
Prostate ; 80(12): 950-961, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32648618

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is characterized by aberrant lipid metabolism, including elevated fatty acid oxidation. Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1B (CPT1B) catalyzes the rate-limiting step of fatty acid oxidation. This study aimed to determine if CPT1B has a critical role in prostate cancer progression and to identify its regulatory mechanism. METHODS: CPT1B expression data from The Cancer Genome Atlas and Gene Expression Omnibus databases was compared with patient survival data. A tissue microarray was constructed with 60 samples of prostate cancer and immunohistochemically stained for CPT1B. Castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) cell lines 22RV1 and C4-2 in which CPT1B expression had been stably knocked down were established; and cell proliferation, cell cycle distribution, and invasion were investigated by Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) and colony formation assays, flow cytometry, and Transwell assays, respectively. To examine the impact of androgen receptor (AR) inhibition on CPT1B expression, JASPAR CORE was searched to identify AR-binding sites in CPT1B. Dual luciferase and ChIP assays were performed to confirm CPT1B activity and AR binding, respectively. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in prostate cancer underwent gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA). Enzalutamide-resistant C4-2 cells were generated and the mechanism of enzalutamide resistance and downstream signaling pathway changes of CPT1B to C4-2 was explored through CCK-8 test. RESULTS: CPT1B expression was upregulated in human prostate cancer compared with normal prostate tissue and was associated with poor disease-free survival and overall survival. Silencing of CPT1B resulted in downregulated cell proliferation, reduced S-phase distribution, and lower invasive ability, whereas the opposite was observed in CRPC cells overexpressing CPTB1. DEGS in prostate cancer were correlated with G-protein-coupled receptor signaling, molecular transducer activity, and calcium ion binding. AR may regulate CPT1B expression and activity via specific binding sites, as confirmed by dual luciferase and ChIP assays. The CCK-8 experiment demonstrated that CPT1B overexpression in C4-2 cells did not significantly increase the ability of enzalutamide resistance. However, overexpression of CPT1B in C4-2R cells significantly increased the enzalutamide resistance. Upregulation of CPT1B expression increased AKT expression and phosphorylation. CONCLUSIONS: CPT1B is upregulated in prostate cancer and is correlated with poor prognosis, indicating its potential as a biomarker. AR inhibits the transcription of CPT1B. In the CRPC cell line, overexpression of CPT1B alone cannot promote enzalutamide resistance, but in the drug-resistant line C4-2R, overexpression of CPT1B can promote the resistance of C4-2R to enzalutamide.


Assuntos
Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/antagonistas & inibidores , Feniltioidantoína/análogos & derivados , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/enzimologia , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/genética , Carnitina O-Palmitoiltransferase/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Progressão da Doença , Regulação para Baixo , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Humanos , Masculino , Terapia de Alvo Molecular , Feniltioidantoína/farmacologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Receptores Androgênicos/biossíntese , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
4.
Gene ; 758: 144946, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32649978

RESUMO

Hepatic injury is one of the most challenging diseases in clinical medicine. Hepatic injury is accompanied by hepatocyte apoptosis and leads to hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis, which may cause liver cancer and increased mortality. Therefore, it is essential to investigate the regulation mechanism and therapeutic strategies for hepatic injury. In the study, the effects of Thymosin ß4 (Tß4) on Long intergenic noncoding RNA-p21 (lincRNA-p21)-mediated liver injury were investigated. Results showed that lincRNA-p21 overexpression promoted hepatocytes apoptosis, which was blocked by Tß4. Besides, Tß4 reversed the levels of cleaved caspase-3 and caspase-9 induced by lincRNA-p21. LincRNA-p21 overexpression also caused the pathological injury and fibrosis in hepatic tissues and increased the levels of fibrosis-related proteins (Collagen I, α-SMA and TIMP-1), and induced hydroxyproline and ALT production. However, Tß4 reversed the effects of overexpression of lincRNA-p21 on hepatic injury and fibrosis. In vitro experiments, after lincRNA-p21 was overexpressed in hepatic stellate cells (HSCs), the proliferation ability and the levels of HSCs markers α-SMA and Desmin were increased. However, Tß4 reversed the effects of lincRNA-p21 on HSCs. Furthermore, the PI3K-AKT-NF-κB pathway was activated by lincRNA-p21, which was then reversed by the Tß4 administration. After the mice treated by insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) (the activator of PI3K-AKT), the inhibitory effect of Tß4 on activated the PI3K-AKT-NF-κB pathway was abrogated. Besides, IGF-1 abolished the protective effects of Tß4 on hepatic apoptosis and fibrosis induced by lincRNA-p21. Therefore, Tß4 reversed. lincRNA-p21-mediated liver injury through inhibiting PI3K-AKT-NF-κB pathway. Tß4 may be a promising drug for fibrosis therapy.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Fígado/lesões , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , Timosina/farmacologia , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Proteínas I-kappa B/antagonistas & inibidores , Fígado/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/tratamento farmacológico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Inibidor Tecidual de Metaloproteinase-1/metabolismo
5.
Toxicol Appl Pharmacol ; 401: 115091, 2020 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32525019

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) incidence is surging in United States and other parts of the world. Synthetic and natural compounds have been explored as potential modulators of PI3K/Akt signaling that is known to drive PCa growth. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of a series of triphenyltin (IV) carboxylate derivatives against PCa. From this library, triphenylstannyl 2-(benzylcarbamoyl)benzoate (Ch-319) resulted in reduced viability and induction of cell cycle arrest in PTEN-/- PC3M and PTEN+/- DU145 cells. In parallel, downregulation of PI3K p85/p110 subunits, dephosphorylation of Akt-1 and increase in FOXO3a expression were observed. In silico studies indicated binding interactions of Ch-319 within the ATP binding site of Akt-1 at Met281, Phe442 and Glu234 residues. Elevated po-pulation of apoptotic cells, activation of Bax and reduced Bcl2 expression indicated apoptosis by Ch-319. Pre-sensitization of PCa cells with Ch-319 augmented the effect of cabazitaxel, a commonly used taxane in patients with castration-resistant PCa. Next, in a prostate-specific PTENp-/- mice, Ch-319 showed reduced weights of genitourinary apparatus as compared to DMSO treated controls. Histological studies indicated absence of neoplastic foci in Ch-319 treated prostates. Consistently, dephosphorylation of Akt-1, reduced expression of PRAS40 and androgen receptor and increase in FOXO3a were observed in treated group. Notably, no overt organ toxicity was noted in Ch-319 treated animals. Our studies identify Akt/FOXO3a signaling as a target of triphenyltin (IV) carboxylate Ch-319 and provide a molecular basis of its growth inhibitory effect in PCa cells. We propose that Ch-319 has the potential to be developed as an anticancer agent against PCa.


Assuntos
Progressão da Doença , Proteína Forkhead Box O3/biossíntese , Compostos Orgânicos de Estanho/química , Compostos Orgânicos de Estanho/farmacologia , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/fisiologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Compostos Orgânicos de Estanho/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia
6.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(5): 323-330, 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553076

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the protective effects of dexmedetomidine (Dex) against high glucose-induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition in HK-2 cells and relevant mechanisms. Methods: HK-2 cells were exposed to either glucose or glucose+Dex for 6 h. The production of ROS, morphology of HK-2 cells, and cell cycle were detected. Moreover, the expression of AKT, p-AKT, ERK, p-ERK, PI3K, E-Cadherin, Claudin-1, and α-SMA were determined and compared between HK-2 cells exposed to glucose and those exposed to both glucose and Dex with or without PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor LY294002 and ERK pathway inhibitor U0126. Results: Compared with HK-2 cells exposed to high level of glucose, the HK-2 cells exposed to both high level of glucose and Dex showed: (1) lower level of ROS production; (2) cell morphology was complete; (3) more cells in G1 phase; (4) lower expression of p-AKT, p-ERK and α-SMA, higher expression of E-Cadherin and Claudin-1. PI3K/AKT inhibitor LY294002 and ERK inhibitor U0126 decreased the expression of p-AKT, p-ERK and α-SMA, and increased the expression of E-Cadherin and Claudin-1. Conclusion: Dex can attenuate high glucose-induced HK-2 epithelial-mesenchymal transition by inhibiting AKT and ERK.


Assuntos
Agonistas de Receptores Adrenérgicos alfa 2/farmacologia , Dexmedetomidina/farmacologia , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Glucose/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular , Humanos , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
7.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233180, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437392

RESUMO

Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is upregulated in atherosclerotic lesions and it may promote the progression of atherosclerosis, but the mechanisms behind this process are not completely understood. We previously showed that the phosphorylation of Akt within THP-1 macrophages is increased in response to the lipid hydrolysis products generated by LPL from total lipoproteins. Notably, the free fatty acid (FFA) component was responsible for this effect. In the present study, we aimed to reveal more detail as to how the FFA component may affect Akt signalling. We show that the phosphorylation of Akt within THP-1 macrophages increases with total FFA concentration and that phosphorylation is elevated up to 18 hours. We further show that specifically the palmitoleate component of the total FFA affects Akt phosphorylation. This is tied with changes to the levels of select molecular species of phosphoinositides. We further show that the total FFA component, and specifically palmitoleate, reduces apolipoprotein A-I-mediated cholesterol efflux, and that the reduction can be reversed in the presence of the Akt inhibitor MK-2206. Overall, our data support a negative role for the FFA component of lipoprotein hydrolysis products generated by LPL, by impairing macrophage cholesterol efflux via Akt activation.


Assuntos
Colesterol/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Ácido Palmítico/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Apolipoproteína A-I/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Humanos , Lipase Lipoproteica/metabolismo , Macrófagos/citologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Células THP-1
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1943, 2020 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32327648

RESUMO

Kidney fibrosis is a highly deleterious process and a final manifestation of chronic kidney disease. Alpha-(α)-synuclein (SNCA) is an actin-binding neuronal protein with various functions within the brain; however, its role in other tissues is unknown. Here, we describe the expression of SNCA in renal epithelial cells and demonstrate its decrease in renal tubules of murine and human fibrotic kidneys, as well as its downregulation in renal proximal tubular epithelial cells (RPTECs) after TGF-ß1 treatment. shRNA-mediated knockdown of SNCA in RPTECs results in de novo expression of vimentin and α-SMA, while SNCA overexpression represses TGF-ß1-induced mesenchymal markers. Conditional gene silencing of SNCA in RPTECs leads to an exacerbated tubulointerstitial fibrosis (TIF) in two unrelated in vivo fibrotic models, which is associated with an increased activation of MAPK-p38 and PI3K-Akt pathways. Our study provides an evidence that disruption of SNCA signaling in RPTECs contributes to the pathogenesis of renal TIF by facilitating partial epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition and extracellular matrix accumulation.


Assuntos
Nefropatias/patologia , Rim/patologia , alfa-Sinucleína/metabolismo , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Fibrose , Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Rim/metabolismo , Nefropatias/genética , Nefropatias/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteína Quinase 3 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/farmacologia , Obstrução Ureteral/genética , Obstrução Ureteral/metabolismo , Obstrução Ureteral/patologia , Vimentina/genética , Vimentina/metabolismo , alfa-Sinucleína/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
9.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0231212, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275682

RESUMO

Two major proteolytic systems, the proteasome and the autophagy pathway, are key components of the proteostasis network. The immunoproteasome, a proteasome subtype, and autophagy are upregulated under stress conditions, forming a coordinated unit designed to minimize the effect of cell stress. We investigated how genetic ablation of the LMP2 immunoproteasome subunit affects autophagy in retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) from WT and LMP2 knockout mice. We monitored autophagy regulation by measuring LC3, phosphorylation of AKT (S473), and phosphorylation of S6, a downstream readout of AKT (mTOR) pathway activation. We also evaluated transcription factor EB (TFEB) nuclear translocation, a transcription factor that controls expression of autophagy and lysosome genes. WT and LMP2 KO cells were monitored after treatment with EBSS to stimulate autophagy, insulin to stimulate AKT, or an AKT inhibitor (trehalose or MK-2206). Under basal conditions, we observed hyper-phosphorylation of AKT and S6, as well as lower nuclear-TFEB content in LMP2 KO RPE compared with WT. AKT inhibitors MK-2206 and trehalose significantly inhibited AKT phosphorylation and stimulated nuclear translocation of TFEB. Starvation and AKT inhibition upregulated autophagy, albeit to a lesser extent in LMP2 KO RPE. These data support the idea that AKT hyper-activation is an underlying cause of defective autophagy regulation in LMP2 KO RPE, revealing a unique link between two proteolytic systems and a previously unknown function in autophagy regulation by the immunoproteasome.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/imunologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Retina/citologia , Animais , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Transcrição de Zíper de Leucina e Hélice-Alça-Hélix Básicos/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Cisteína Endopeptidases/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Insulina/farmacologia , Camundongos Knockout , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transporte Proteico/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Epitélio Pigmentado da Retina/citologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Cancer Sci ; 111(5): 1663-1675, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176823

RESUMO

Loss of heterozygosity or mutation of the family with sequence similarity 46, member C (FAM46C) gene on chromosome band 1p12 is associated with shorter overall survival of patients with multiple myeloma (MM). In this study, using human MM cell lines (KMS-11, OCI-My5, and ANBL-6), we generated FAM46C-/- cell clones and examined the effect of disruption of FAM46C on cell survival and cellular signaling. Cell proliferation assays showed increased clonogenicity of FAM46C-/- KMS-11 cells compared to WT cells. Xenograft experiments showed significantly shorter overall survival of mice harboring the FAM46C-/- cell-derived tumors than mice with the FAM46CWT cell-derived tumors. Notably, levels of phosphorylated Akt and its substrates increased both in vitro and in vivo in the FAM46C-/- cells compared to WT cells. In addition, caspase activities decreased in the FAM46C-/- cells. Results of gene set enrichment analysis showed that loss of FAM46C significantly activated serum-responsive genes while inactivating phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN)-related genes. Mechanistically, loss of FAM46C decreased the PTEN activity, number of apoptotic cells, and caspase activities. PF-04691502, a selective PI3K inhibitor, suppressed the augmented phosphorylation of Akt and its substrate FoxO3a. Treatment with afuresertib (a specific Akt inhibitor) in combination with bortezomib additively decreased FAM46C-/- MM cell survival. Collectively, this study is the first to report that loss of FAM46C triggers the concomitant activation of the PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, which might be a therapeutic target for MM with abnormalities in the FAM46C gene.


Assuntos
Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/patologia , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Bortezomib/farmacologia , Carcinogênese/genética , Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos SCID , Mieloma Múltiplo/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Tiofenos/farmacologia
11.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1405-1417, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Niclosamide is an antihe-minthic drug that has shown cytotoxic effects on non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) cells. However, the exact mechanisms underlying the anti-tumour activity of niclosamide in NSCLC cancer cells remains to be defined. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antitumor activity of niclosamide in human A549 and CL1-5 non-small cell lung cancer cells using in vitro and in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated the effects of niclosamide on cell viability, apoptosis, the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP; Δϕm), and autophagy and apoptosis-related protein expression in human A549 and CL1-5 non-small cell lung cancer cells. RESULTS: Niclosamide induced mainly caspase-independent apoptosis through apoptosis-inducible factor (AIF) translocation to the nucleus upon mitochondria damage. Moreover, niclosamide-induced autophagy may act as adaptive response against apoptosis. AMPK/AKT/mTOR pathway were involved in niclosamide-induced cell death and autophagy in response to ATP depletion. Furthermore, niclosamide efficiently suppressed tumor growth and induce autophagy in vivo. CONCLUSION: Niclosamide induced apoptosis by activating the intrinsic and caspase-independent pathway in human A549 and CL1-5 non-small cell lung cancer cells. Therefore, niclosamide is a potential candidate for anti-NSCLC therapy.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Niclosamida/farmacologia , Células A549 , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Adenilato Quinase/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Autofagia/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Processos de Crescimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
12.
Mutat Res ; 819-820: 111690, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32120136

RESUMO

The serine/threonine kinase AKT, also known as protein kinase B (PKB), is the major substrate to phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and consists of three paralogs: AKT1 (PKBα), AKT2 (PKBß) and AKT3 (PKBγ). The PI3K/AKT pathway is normally activated by binding of ligands to membrane-bound receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) as well as downstream to G-protein coupled receptors and integrin-linked kinase. Through multiple downstream substrates, activated AKT controls a wide variety of cellular functions including cell proliferation, survival, metabolism, and angiogenesis in both normal and malignant cells. In human cancers, the PI3K/AKT pathway is most frequently hyperactivated due to mutations and/or overexpression of upstream components. Aberrant expression of RTKs, gain of function mutations in PIK3CA, RAS, PDPK1, and AKT itself, as well as loss of function mutation in AKT phosphatases are genetic lesions that confer hyperactivation of AKT. Activated AKT stimulates DNA repair, e.g. double strand break repair after radiotherapy. Likewise, AKT attenuates chemotherapy-induced apoptosis. These observations suggest that a crucial link exists between AKT and DNA damage. Thus, AKT could be a major predictive marker of conventional cancer therapy, molecularly targeted therapy, and immunotherapy for solid tumors. In this review, we summarize the current understanding by which activated AKT mediates resistance to cancer treatment modalities, i.e. radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and RTK targeted therapy. Next, the effect of AKT on response of tumor cells to RTK targeted strategies will be discussed. Finally, we will provide a brief summary on the clinical trials of AKT inhibitors in combination with radiochemotherapy, RTK targeted therapy, and immunotherapy.


Assuntos
DNA de Neoplasias/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Neoplasias/terapia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de 3-Fosfoinositídeo/genética , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de 3-Fosfoinositídeo/metabolismo , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Dano ao DNA , Reparo do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , DNA de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Raios gama/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Neoplasias/enzimologia , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Resultado do Tratamento , Proteínas ras/genética , Proteínas ras/metabolismo
13.
Life Sci ; 246: 117428, 2020 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32057901

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Arl4c is overexpressed in several cancer tissues and is involved in cancer development. Nevertheless, the exact mechanism that regulates Arl4c expression in lung cancer has not been fully elucidated. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulatory mechanism of Arl4c and to explore potential chemotherapeutic drugs targeting Arl4c. METHODS: Immunohistochemistry was used to examine Arl4c expression levels in human lung adenocarcinoma cancer specimens. Protein expression was detected by western blot. Overexpression of Arl4c-Flag protein was used to detect the ubiquitination of Arl4c. A short interfering RNA against Arl4c was used for gene silencing. RESULTS: Arl4c was overexpressed in lung cancer tissues, and knockdown of Arl4c expression by siRNA decreased lung cancer A549 and 95-D cell proliferation. In addition, Arl4c expression was downregulated via inhibition of the AKT pathway in A549 and 95-D cells, whereas exposure to benzo (a) pyrene (a carcinogen in smoke) increased Arl4c expression in 16HBE cells via AKT activation. Finally, we found that chemotherapy drug hydroxycamptothecin (HCPT) could decrease Arl4c expression levels by inhibiting the activation of the AKT pathway in A549 and 95-D cells. Moreover, accumulation of ubiquitinated Arl4c protein was increased by HCPT and LY294002 (an AKT inhibitor) treatment whereas the proteasome inhibitor MG-132 attenuated the inhibitory effect of HCPT and LY294002 on Arl4c expression. CONCLUSION: Here, we highlighted the AKT pathway as an important regulatory pathway for Arl4c expression in lung cancer cells and identified HCPT as a promising drug for lung adenocarcinoma treatment that functioned by targeting Arl4c expression.


Assuntos
Fatores de Ribosilação do ADP/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Células A549 , Western Blotting , Camptotecina/análogos & derivados , Camptotecina/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromonas/farmacologia , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Leupeptinas/farmacologia , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fumar/efeitos adversos
14.
Phytochemistry ; 171: 112228, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31911265

RESUMO

A previously undescribed taraxerene-type triterpenoid possessing a class of rare natural taraxerene triterpenoid possessing skeleton with 14, 28-lactone, two undescribed oleane-type triterpenoids, and twenty-five known triterpenoids were isolated from Liquidambar formosana (Hamamelidaceae). The structures of undescribed compounds were determined on the basis of 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic, HR-ESI-MS, and X-ray crystallographic data analysis. Among the isolates, ursolic acid, 3,6-dion-20(29)-lupen-28-oic acid, and 3-oxo-12α-hydroxyoleanan-28,13ß-olide induced a significant apoptosis in SMMC7721 cells in the flow cytometer experiment with apoptosis rates of 94.5%, 57.3% and 89.9% at 8.0 µM, respectively, exhibiting near equivalent apoptosis-inducing abilities to that positive drug taxol (apoptotic rate of 71.2% at 1.4 µM). Mechanism studies suggested that these three compounds could regulate the mitochondrial pathway by up-regulating the expressions of pro-apoptotic factors (Bad and Bax) and activating caspase-3 and caspase-9 to induce apoptosis. Further studies indicated that the pro-apoptotic effects of these three compounds were associated with PI3K-AKT pathway inhibition. Taken together, these studies provide evidence that triterpenoids from L. Fructus are promising candidates for the hepatocellular carcinoma therapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Liquidambar/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Triterpenos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Compostos Fitoquímicos/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Triterpenos/química , Triterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
15.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2020: 9741369, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998447

RESUMO

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is a devastating disease that may lead to lifelong disability. Thus, seeking for valid drugs that are beneficial to promoting axonal regrowth and elongation after SCI has gained wide attention. Metformin, a glucose-lowering agent, has been demonstrated to play roles in various central nervous system (CNS) disorders. However, the potential protective effect of metformin on nerve regeneration after SCI is still unclear. In this study, we found that the administration of metformin improved functional recovery after SCI through reducing neuronal cell apoptosis and repairing neurites by stabilizing microtubules via PI3K/Akt signaling pathway. Inhibiting the PI3K/Akt pathway with LY294002 partly reversed the therapeutic effects of metformin on SCI in vitro and vivo. Furthermore, metformin treatment weakened the excessive activation of oxidative stress and improved the mitochondrial function by activating the nuclear factor erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2) transcription and binding to the antioxidant response element (ARE). Moreover, treatment with Nrf2 inhibitor ML385 partially abolished its antioxidant effect. We also found that the Nrf2 transcription was partially reduced by LY294002 in vitro. Taken together, these results revealed that the role of metformin in nerve regeneration after SCI was probably related to stabilization of microtubules and inhibition of the excessive activation of Akt-mediated Nrf2/ARE pathway-regulated oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Overall, our present study suggests that metformin administration may provide a potential therapy for SCI.


Assuntos
Axônios/fisiologia , Metformina/farmacologia , Microtúbulos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regeneração/efeitos dos fármacos , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Cromonas/farmacologia , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Microtúbulos/patologia , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Morfolinas/farmacologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Elementos de Resposta , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/tratamento farmacológico , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/patologia
16.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033819892251, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31984860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma is increasing gradually, but the pathogenesis is not completely clear. MicroRNA, a highly conserved endogenous noncoding small molecule RNA, plays an essential role in the regulation of gene expression and is a hotspot in cancer research worldwide. OBJECTIVES: Although previous studies have confirmed that the abnormal expression of microRNAs is closely related to the progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma, the role of miRNA-331-3p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma has not been studied. The purpose of this study was to explore the role and mechanism of miRNA-331-3p in the progression of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was performed to detect the expression of miRNA-331-3p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma clinical samples and cell lines (CNE-1 and 5-8F cells). After overexpression of miRNA-331-3p in CNE-1 cells, cell proliferation was measured by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, cell invasion was detected by Transwell assay, and apoptosis was tested by flow cytometry. In addition, the dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to identify the target gene of miRNA-331-3p and Western blotting was performed to measure the relative protein expression. RESULTS: The expression of miRNA-331-3p in nasopharyngeal carcinoma clinical samples and cells was decreased significantly. Overexpression of miRNA-331-3p markedly inhibited the proliferation and invasion of CNE-1 cells and promoted cell apoptosis. Moreover, overexpression of miRNA-331-3p reduced the expression of target gene elF4B, leading to inhibition of the phosphorylation of Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) and Serine/ threonine kinase (AKT). CONCLUSION: miRNA-331-3p inhibited cell proliferation and induced cell apoptosis in nasopharyngeal carcinoma by targeting elF4B gene and then blocked the PI3K-AKT signaling pathway. SIGNIFICANCE: The role of miRNA-331-3p in the development of NPC and its mechanism provide new ideas for the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Proliferação de Células , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Iniciação em Eucariotos/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Classe I de Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Fatores de Iniciação em Eucariotos/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(1)2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31948066

RESUMO

Deregulation of receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK)-signaling is frequently observed in many human malignancies, making activated RTKs the promising therapeutic targets. In particular, activated RTK-signaling has a strong impact on tumor resistance to various DNA damaging agents, e.g., ionizing radiation and chemotherapeutic drugs. We showed recently that fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR)-signaling might be hyperactivated in imatinib (IM)-resistant gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) and inhibition of this pathway sensitized tumor cells to the low doses of chemotherapeutic agents, such as topoisomerase II inhibitors. Here, we report that inhibition of FGFR-signaling in GISTs attenuates the repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), which was evidenced by the delay in γ-H2AX decline after doxorubicin (Dox)-induced DNA damage. A single-cell gel electrophoresis (Comet assay) data showed an increase of tail moment in Dox-treated GIST cells cultured in presence of BGJ398, a selective FGFR1-4 inhibitor, thereby revealing the attenuated DNA repair. By utilizing GFP-based reporter constructs to assess the efficiency of DSBs repair via homologous recombination (HR) and non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ), we found for the first time that FGFR inhibition in GISTs attenuated the homology-mediated DNA repair. Of note, FGFR inhibition/depletion did not reduce the number of BrdU and phospho-RPA foci in Dox-treated cells, suggesting that inhibition of FGFR-signaling has no impact on the processing of DSBs. In contrast, the number of Dox-induced Rad51 foci were decreased when FGFR2-mediated signaling was interrupted/inhibited by siRNA FGFR2 or BGJ398. Moreover, Rad51 and -H2AX foci were mislocalized in FGFR-inhibited GIST and the amount of Rad51 was substantially decreased in -H2AX-immunoprecipitated complexes, thereby illustrating the defect of Rad51 recombinase loading to the Dox-induced DSBs. Finally, as a result of the impaired homology-mediated DNA repair, the increased numbers of hypodiploid (i.e., apoptotic) cells were observed in FGFR2-inhibited GISTs after Dox treatment. Collectively, our data illustrates for the first time that inhibition of FGF-signaling in IM-resistant GIST interferes with the efficiency of DDR signaling and attenuates the homology-mediated DNA repair, thus providing the molecular mechanism of GIST's sensitization to DNA damaging agents, e.g., DNA-topoisomerase II inhibitors.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/metabolismo , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Inibidores da Topoisomerase II/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Apoptose/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gastrointestinais/genética , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Tumores do Estroma Gastrointestinal/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Inativação Gênica , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/farmacologia , Compostos de Fenilureia/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno , Rad51 Recombinase/genética , Rad51 Recombinase/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Receptor Tipo 1 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptor Tipo 2 de Fator de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
18.
Oral Dis ; 26(2): 302-312, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31793126

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore whether RhoG/Rac1 was involved in migration and invasion of salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: RhoG and Rac1 were evaluated in two SACC cell lines, namely SACC-83 and SACC-LM, with low and high rates of lung metastasis, respectively. Functional changes were evaluated using cell proliferation, transwell, and wound-healing assays, and molecular events were investigated using real-time PCR and Western blot assays. RESULTS: RhoG and Rac1 were highly expressed and more activated in SACC-LM cells than in SACC-83 cells. RhoG overexpression promoted SACC-83 cell migration and invasion through activating Rac1. The knockdown of RhoG or Rac1 partially blocked epiregulin-induced migration and invasion in SACC-83 cells. Epiregulin-induced activation of RhoG/Rac1 in SACC-83 cells was blocked by a Src inhibitor, or an AKT inhibitor or AKT siRNA, or an ERK1/2 inhibitor. Moreover, the epiregulin-induced phosphorylation of AKT and ERK1/2 in SACC-83 cells was blocked by a Src inhibitor, and the epiregulin-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 was blocked by an AKT inhibitor or AKT siRNA. Overexpression of activated AKT induced activation of ERK1/2 and RhoG. CONCLUSIONS: RhoG/Rac1 signaling pathway was involved in SACC cell migration and invasion. RhoG/Rac1 at least partially mediated epiregulin/Src/AKT/ERK1/2 signaling to promote SACC cell migration and invasion.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/enzimologia , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/enzimologia , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Proteínas rho de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Epirregulina/metabolismo , Humanos , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas rac1 de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Quinases da Família src/antagonistas & inibidores , Quinases da Família src/metabolismo
19.
Eur J Med Chem ; 186: 111898, 2020 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31784186

RESUMO

Fangchinoline, a bisbenzylisoquinoline alkaloid extracted from Stephania tetrandra S. Moore, is known to exert anti-cancer activity. A series of new fangchinoline derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for their anti-cancer activity. In cell viability assay, these fangchinoline derivatives displayed higher proliferation inhibitory activity on leukemia and breast cancer cell lines than the parental compound. Among them, 3e exhibited strongest cell growth inhibitory activity in a dose- and time-dependent manner on leukemia cell line HEL through induction of G0/G1 cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. Treatment of HEL cells with 3e also resulted in significant suppression of the MAPK and PI3K/AKT pathway as well as c-MYC downregulation, which may responsible for induction of apoptosis and cell cycle arrest. In docking analysis, high affinity interaction between 3e and Akt1 was responsible for drastic kinase inhibition by the compound. This derivative compound may be useful as a potent anti-cancer agent for treatment of leukemia.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Benzilisoquinolinas/farmacologia , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/síntese química , Antineoplásicos/química , Benzilisoquinolinas/síntese química , Benzilisoquinolinas/química , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
20.
Food Chem Toxicol ; 135: 111044, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31830547

RESUMO

Hemistepsin A (HsA), isolated from Hemistepta lyrata (Bunge) Bunge, has the ability to ameliorate hepatitis in mice. However, the effects of H. lyrata and HsA on other types of liver disease have not been explored. In this report, we investigated the effects of H. lyrata and HsA on liver fibrosis and the underlying molecular mechanisms in activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Based on cell viability-guided isolation, we found HsA was the major natural product responsible for H. lyrata-mediated cytotoxicity in LX-2 cells. HsA significantly decreased the viability of LX-2 cells and primary activated HSCs, increased the binding of Annexin V, and altered the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, suggesting that HsA induces apoptosis in activated HSCs. HsA reduced the phosphorylation of IKKε and the transactivation of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). Moreover, HsA decreased the phosphorylation of Akt and its downstream signaling molecules. Transfection experiments suggested that inhibition of NF-κB or Akt is essential for HsA-induced apoptosis of HSCs. In a CCl4-induced liver fibrosis model, HsA administration significantly decreased ALT and AST activities. Furthermore, HsA attenuated CCl4-mediated collagen deposits and profibrogenic genes expression in hepatic tissue. Thus, HsA may serve as a natural product for managing liver fibrosis through inhibition of NF-κB/Akt-dependent signaling.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Estreladas do Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Lactonas/farmacologia , Cirrose Hepática/prevenção & controle , Sesquiterpenos/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Transformada , Clorofórmio/farmacologia , Células Estreladas do Fígado/metabolismo , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/metabolismo , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Camundongos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA