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1.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 37(9): 815-820, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533129

RESUMO

Objective To investigate the effect of salvianolic acid B (SalB) on the proliferation, migration and differentiation of human gingival mesenchymal stem cells (hGMSCs). Methods The hGMSCs were isolated and cultured, and the expressions of CD73, CD90, CD34, and CD45 were detected by flow cytometry; logarithmic phase cells were selected and hGMSCs were treated with 0, 5, 10 µmol/L SalB for 24 hours. The proliferation activity of cells in each group was detected by CCK-8 assay, the migration ability of cells was detected by TranswellTM assay and scratch test, and the osteogenic differentiation ability and the adipogenic differentiation ability were detected by alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining and oil red O staining, respectively; the mRNA and protein expressions of cell differentiation proteins and genes as well as proteins related to the PI3K/AKT signal pathway were detected by Real-time quantiative PCR and Western blotting. Results The proliferation and migration ability of SalB-treated hGMSCs were significantly increased in a dose-dependent manner; the ability of osteogenic differentiation of hGMSCs and the expressions of osteogenesis associated proteins and PI3K/AKT signal pathway related proteins were up-regulated, while the adipogenic differentiation decreased, and the expression of adipogenesis related proteins was significantly down-regulated. Conclusion SalB promotes the proliferation, migration, and osteogenic differentiation of hGMSCs and inhibits the adipogenic differentiation, which may be related to the activation of PI3K/AKT signal pathway.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Osteogênese , Benzofuranos , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3934-3942, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472270

RESUMO

The present study aimed to explore the effect of Erxian Decoction on proteomics of osteoblasts stimulated by hydrogen peroxide(H_2O_2) and its protective mechanism with the H_2O_2-induced cell model of oxidative stress. The primary osteoblasts were cultured from the skulls of newborn rats(within 24 hours) and divided into a control group, a model group, a Fosamax group, and an Erxian Decoction group. Blank serum was added in the control group and model group, and the drug-containing serum was added correspondingly to the remaining two groups. After 45 hours, H_2O_(2 )stimulation was conducted for three hours except for the control group, followed by protein extraction. Nano-LC-LTQ-Orbitrap system was used for protein detection, Protein Discovery for protein identification, and SIEVE for quantitative and qualitative analysis. Furthermore, following the blocking of PI3 K signaling pathway by LY294002(10 µmol·L~(-1)), a control group, a model group, an LY294002 group, an Erxian Decoction group, and an Erxian Decoction + LY294002 group were set up to observe the effect of Erxian Decoction on cell proliferation, alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity, and the relative expression of BMP-2, OPG, p-Akt, p-FoxO1 of osteoblasts stimulated by H_2O_2 under LY294002 intervention. The results revealed that 78 differential proteins were discovered between the Erxian Decoction group and model group, which were involved in the regulation of PI3 K/Akt, glucagon, estrogen, insulin, and other signaling pathways. LY294002 blunted the promoting effect of Erxian Decoction on osteoblast proliferation and significantly down-regulated the expression of OPG and p-FoxO1, whereas its down-regulation on the expression of BMP-2 and p-Akt was not significant. Both LY294002 and Erxian Decoction increased the ALP activity of osteoblasts, which may be related to the cell state and the cell differentiation. The above results suggest that Erxian Decoction can protect osteoblasts stimulated by H_2O_2, with the PI3 K/Akt signaling pathway as one of the internal mechanisms.


Assuntos
Peróxido de Hidrogênio , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Osteoblastos/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteômica , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(36): 10606-10616, 2021 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482683

RESUMO

We previously identified peptides derived from round scad as potential Nrf2 activators. However, the neuroprotection of these peptides is still unclear. In this study, we aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effect of WCPFSRSF against glutamate-induced neurotoxicity, and the memory-improving effects of WCPFSRSF in mice were also explored. Results showed that WCPFSRSF ameliorated oxidative stress by improving the activities of antioxidant enzymes and promoting the Nrf2-mediated endogenous defense system. Moreover, there is an interaction between the up-regulation of Nrf2 and the down-regulation of NFκB induced by the peptide, which was related to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and could be abolished by the Akt inhibitor LY294002. Further analysis demonstrated that WCPFSRSF may act as a radical scavenger and Nrf2 activator. The antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects might be related to the Cys and Trp in WCPFSRSF. Moreover, WCPFSRSF could improve spatial memory impairment in sleep-deprived mice. Thus, this work provided evidence for WCPFSRSF as a potential candidate against neurotoxicity and memory deficits.


Assuntos
Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Fármacos Neuroprotetores , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Neuroproteção , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Transdução de Sinais
4.
J Med Food ; 24(8): 806-816, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34382859

RESUMO

Even though nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is not common worldwide, it is a major public health burden in endemic areas. Distant metastasis often leads to a poor prognosis for NPC; therefore, new and effective anticancer strategies are needed. Ginkgolic acid (GA) is small-molecule compound existing in Ginkgo biloba that has various biologically relevant activities, including antitumor properties; however, its effects and mechanism of action in NPC are unknown. The effects of GA on NPC and such underlying mechanisms were investigated using 5-8F and CNE2 cells and NP69 human immortalized nasopharyngeal epithelial cells in this study. Moreover, the xenograft models were built to examine GA's effection in vivo. GA treatment decreased the survival and invasive capacity of 5-8F and CNE2 and induced their apoptosis, which varied with dose; this was accompanied by downregulation of B cell lymphoma (Bcl)2, upregulation of Bcl2-associated X protein, and activation of poly-ADP ribose polymerase, and caspase-9/-3. G0/G1 phase arrest was induced by GA in NPCs. It also reduced the expression of cyclin-dependent kinase 6 and its regulators cyclin D2 and cyclin D3. GA inhibited the activation of protein kinase B/nuclear factor signaling; this effect was potentiated with GA and 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), which also enhanced 5-FU-induced apoptosis. In summary, GA may be effective as an adjuvant to conventional chemotherapy drugs in preventing the progression of NPC.


Assuntos
NF-kappa B , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , NF-kappa B/genética , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/genética , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Salicilatos
5.
Mol Biol (Mosk) ; 55(4): 643-659, 2021.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34432782

RESUMO

Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is prevalent worldwide and has a high mortality rate. Even if mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are suggested as cancer treatment, the studies of their effects on NSCLC cells contradict each other, mainly due to utilization of two-dimensional (2D) culture system. Three-dimensional (3D) culture systems resemble tissue organization in vivo. Here we comprehensively explore the inhibitory effects of MSCs on NSCLC cells in a 3D culture system. We confirmed that the inhibitory effects of 3D-cultured MSCs (3D-MSCs) on the proliferation and migration of NSCLC cells are greater than that of the 2D-cultured MSCs. 3D-MSCs overexpress IL-24, which serve as the key factor enhancing antitumor effects of MSCs. In these cells, IL-24 affects p38 MAPK and CXCR4/AKT pathways. Overall, this study provides the support for use of MSCs in tumor.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas , Interleucinas , Neoplasias Pulmonares , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Humanos , Interleucinas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Receptores CXCR4/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/genética
6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 223: 112583, 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34352574

RESUMO

Nickel (Ni), a widely distributed metal, is an important pollutant in the environment. Although kidney is a crucial target of Ni toxicity, information on autophagy and the potential mechanisms of Ni-induced renal toxicity are still poorly described. As we discovered, NiCl2 could induce renal damage including decrease in renal weight, renal histological alterations, and renal function injury. According to the obtained results, NiCl2 could obviously increase autophagy, which was characterized by increase of LC3 expression and decrease of p62 expression. Meanwhile, the result of ultrastructure observation showed increased autolysosomes numbers in the kidney of NiCl2-treated mice. In addition, NiCl2 increased mRNA and protein levels of autophagy flux proteins including Beclin1, Atg5, Atg12, Atg16L1, Atg7, and Atg3. Furthermore, NiCl2 induced autophagy through AMPK and PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathways which featured down-regulated expression levels of p-PI3K, p-AKT and p-mTOR and up-regulated expression levels of p-AMPK and p-ULK1. In summary, the above results indicate involvement of autophagy in renal injury induced by NiCl2, and NiCl2 induced autophagy via PI3K/AKT/mTOR and AMPK pathways in mouse kidney.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/genética , Proteínas Quinases Ativadas por AMP/metabolismo , Animais , Autofagia , Rim/metabolismo , Camundongos , Níquel , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
7.
Stem Cell Res Ther ; 12(1): 468, 2021 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34419172

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the safety for clinic use and therapeutic effects of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-overexpressing human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCMSCs) in mice with completely transected spinal cord injury (SCI). METHODS: Stable bFGF-overexpressing HUCMSCs clones were established by electrotransfection and then subjected to systematic safety evaluations. Then, bFGF-overexpressing and control HUCMSCs were used to treat mice with completely transected SCI by tail intravenous injection. Therapeutic outcomes were then investigated, including functional recovery of locomotion, histological structures, nerve regeneration, and recovery mechanisms. RESULTS: Stable bFGF-overexpressing HUCMSCs met the standards and safety of MSCs for clinic use. In the mouse SCI model, stable bFGF-overexpressing HUCMSCs markedly improved therapeutic outcomes such as reducing glial scar formation, improving nerve regeneration and proliferation of endogenous neural stem cells (NSCs), and increasing locomotion functional recovery of posterior limbs compared with the control HUCMSCs group. Furthermore, bFGF-overexpressing HUCMSCs promoted the proliferation and neuronal differentiation of NSCs in vitro through the PI3K-Akt-GSK-3ß pathway. CONCLUSION: bFGF-overexpressing HUCMSCs meet the requirements of clinical MSCs and improve evident therapeutic outcomes of mouse SCI treatment, which firmly supports the safety and efficacy of gene-modified MSCs for clinical application.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Células-Tronco Neurais , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Fator 2 de Crescimento de Fibroblastos/genética , Glicogênio Sintase Quinase 3 beta/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/genética , Traumatismos da Medula Espinal/terapia , Cordão Umbilical
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34337910

RESUMO

Osteoporosis (OP) is among the most common frequent chronic metabolic bone diseases in postmenopausal women. Here, the effect and underlying mechanisms of miR-195-5p in OP were investigated both in vivo and in vitro. In this study, the microgravity (MG) environment was simulated in MC3T3-E1 cells, and miR-195-5p overexpression or SMURF1 knockdown model was constructed to test their effects on the proliferation, apoptosis and osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells. Furthermore, an OVX mouse model was constructed in vivo, and adenovirus-loaded miR-195-5p mimics were administered to the mice to overexpress miR-195-5p. HE staining and µCT were adopted to observe pathological changes of femur. The targeted relationship between miR-195-5p and SMURF1 was predicted by bioinformatics analysis and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter assay and RNA immunoprecipitation (RIP) experiment. The results indicated that miR-195-5p was down-regulated in the head of femur of OP mouse model and MC3T3-E1 cells subjected to MG microenvironment. In addition, overexpression of miR-195-5p promoted MC3T3-E1 cell osteogenic differentiation and inhibited apoptosis. Mechanistically, SMURF1 is identified as a target of miR-195-5p, and overexpressing miR-195-5p activates the BMP-2/SMAD/Akt/RUNX2 signal by inhibiting the SMURF1 expression. Moreover, SMURF1 downregulation accelerated the osteogenic differentiation of MC3T3-E1 cells and attenuated MG-mediated apoptosis. In addition, upregulating miR-195-5p reduced osteoporosis in the OVX mouse model, accompanied with SMURF1 downregulation and BMP-2/SMAD/Akt/RUNX2 pathway activation. Collectively, miR-195-5p enhances osteogenic differentiation of osteoclast and relieve OP progression in the mouse model through activation of the BMP-2/SMAD/Akt/RUNX2 axis by targeting SMURF1.


Assuntos
MicroRNAs , Osteoporose , Animais , Diferenciação Celular , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , Osteogênese , Osteoporose/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases
9.
Free Radic Biol Med ; 174: 182-194, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34364981

RESUMO

Senescence limits the characteristics and functionality of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), thereby severely restricting their application in tissue engineering. Here, we investigated ways to prevent MSCs from entering a state of senescence. We found that Rg1, an extract of natural ginseng, can reduce the expression of senescence markers in cultured cells in vitro and in various tissues in vivo. Simultaneously, ginsenoside Rg1 improved the antioxidant capacity of cells, and the senescence-inhibiting and antioxidant effect of Rg1 were associated with the activation of the nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) signaling pathway. Furthermore, Rg1 may activate the NRF2 pathway by increasing the interaction between P62 and KEAP1through P62 upregulation and AKT activation. Taken together, our findings indicate that Rg1 prevents cell senescence via NRF2 and AKT, and activation of AKT or NRF2 may thus represent therapeutic targets for preventing cell senescence.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Mesenquimais , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2 , Senescência Celular , Ginsenosídeos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
10.
Int J Biol Sci ; 17(11): 2770-2771, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34345206

RESUMO

Commentary on 'Capivasertib restricts SARS-CoV-2 cellular entry: a potential clinical application for COVID-19' by Sun et al.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , SARS-CoV-2 , Humanos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética
11.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445559

RESUMO

Scutellarein (SCU) is a well-known flavone with a broad range of biological activities against several cancers. Human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is major cancer type due to its poor prognosis even after treatment with chemotherapeutic drugs, which causes a variety of side effects in patients. Therefore, efforts have been made to develop effective biomarkers in the treatment of HCC in order to improve therapeutic outcomes using natural based agents. The current study used SCU as a treatment approach against HCC using the HepG2 cell line. Based on the cell viability assessment up to a 200 µM concentration of SCU, three low-toxic concentrations of (25, 50, and 100) µM were adopted for further investigation. SCU induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase and inhibited cell migration and proliferation in HepG2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. Furthermore, increased PTEN expression by SCU led to the subsequent downregulation of PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling pathway related proteins. In addition, SCU regulated the metastasis with EMT and migration-related proteins in HepG2 cells. In summary, SCU inhibits cell proliferation and metastasis in HepG2 cells through PI3K/Akt/NF-κB signaling by upregulation of PTEN, suggesting that SCU might be used as a potential agent for HCC therapy.


Assuntos
Apigenina/farmacologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , NF-kappa B/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
12.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 9990794, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34457121

RESUMO

Aims: This study is aimed at examining whether fatty acid synthase (FAS) can regulate mitochondrial function in hypoxia-induced pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) and its related mechanism. Results: The expression of FAS significantly increased in the lung tissue of mice with hypoxia-induced PAH, and its pharmacological inhibition by C75 ameliorated right ventricle cardiac function as revealed by echocardiographic analysis. Based on transmission electron microscopy and Seahorse assays, the mitochondrial function of mice with hypoxia was abnormal but was partially reversed after C75 injection. In vitro studies also showed an increase in the expression of FAS in hypoxia-induced human pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (HPASMCs), which could be attenuated by FAS shRNA as well as C75 treatment. Meanwhile, C75 treatment reversed hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and activated PI3K/AKT signaling. shRNA-mediated inhibition of FAS reduced its expression and oxidative stress levels and improved mitochondrial respiratory capacity and ATP levels of hypoxia-induced HPASMCs. Conclusions: Inhibition of FAS plays a crucial role in shielding mice from hypoxia-induced PAH, which was partially achieved through the activation of PI3K/AKT signaling, indicating that the inhibition of FAS may provide a potential future direction for reversing PAH in humans.


Assuntos
4-Butirolactona/análogos & derivados , Metabolismo Energético , Ácido Graxo Sintases/antagonistas & inibidores , Hipóxia/complicações , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/tratamento farmacológico , 4-Butirolactona/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/enzimologia , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/etiologia , Hipertensão Arterial Pulmonar/patologia , Transdução de Sinais
13.
FASEB J ; 35(8): e21796, 2021 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34324238

RESUMO

Polycystin-1 (PC1) is a transmembrane protein found in different cell types, including cardiomyocytes. Alterations in PC1 expression have been linked to mitochondrial damage in renal tubule cells and in patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease. However, to date, the regulatory role of PC1 in cardiomyocyte mitochondria is not well understood. The analysis of mitochondrial morphology from cardiomyocytes of heterozygous PC1 mice (PDK1+/- ) using transmission electron microscopy showed that cardiomyocyte mitochondria were smaller with increased mitochondria density and circularity. These parameters were consistent with mitochondrial fission. We knocked-down PC1 in cultured rat cardiomyocytes and human-induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC)-derived cardiomyocytes to evaluate mitochondrial function and morphology. The results showed that downregulation of PC1 expression results in reduced protein levels of sub-units of the OXPHOS complexes and less functional mitochondria (reduction of mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial respiration, and ATP production). This mitochondrial dysfunction activates the elimination of defective mitochondria by mitophagy, assessed by an increase of autophagosome adapter protein LC3B and the recruitment of the Parkin protein to the mitochondria. siRNA-mediated PC1 knockdown leads to a loss of the connectivity of the mitochondrial network and a greater number of mitochondria per cell, but of smaller sizes, which characterizes mitochondrial fission. PC1 silencing also deregulates the AKT-FoxO1 signaling pathway, which is involved in the regulation of mitochondrial metabolism, mitochondrial morphology, and processes that are part of cell quality control, such as mitophagy. Together, these data provide new insights about the controls that PC1 exerts on mitochondrial morphology and function in cultured cardiomyocytes dependent on the AKT-FoxO1 signaling pathway.


Assuntos
Proteína Forkhead Box O1/metabolismo , Mitofagia/fisiologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPP/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Proteína Forkhead Box O1/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Inativação Gênica , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Mitofagia/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Canais de Cátion TRPP/genética
14.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(14)2021 Jul 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299331

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Due to its prominence in the regulation of metabolism and inflammation, adipose tissue is a major target to investigate alterations in insulin action. This hormone activates PI3K/AKT pathway which is essential for glucose homeostasis, cell differentiation, and proliferation in insulin-sensitive tissues, like adipose tissue. The aim of this work was to evaluate the impact of chronic and intermittent high glucose on the expression of biomolecules of insulin signaling pathway during the differentiation and maturation of human visceral preadipocytes. METHODS: Human visceral preadipocytes (HPA-V) cells were treated with high glucose (30 mM)during the proliferation and/or differentiation and/or maturation stage. The level of mRNA (by Real-Time PCR) and protein (by Elisa tests) expression of IRS1, PI3K, PTEN, AKT2, and GLUT4 was examined after each culture stage. Furthermore, we investigated whether miR-29a-3p, miR-143-3p, miR-152-3p, miR-186-5p, miR-370-3p, and miR-374b-5p may affect the expression of biomolecules of the insulin signaling pathway. RESULTS: Both chronic and intermittent hyperglycemia affects insulin signaling in visceral pre/adipocytes by upregulation of analyzed PI3K/AKT pathway molecules. Both mRNA and protein expression level is more dependent on stage-specific events than the length of the period of high glucose exposure. What is more, miRs expression changes seem to be involved in PI3K/AKT expression regulation in response to hyperglycemic stimulation.


Assuntos
Hiperglicemia/metabolismo , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Adipócitos/citologia , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Glucose/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/genética , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 4/metabolismo , Humanos , Hiperglicemia/patologia , Insulina/metabolismo , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/genética , Proteínas Substratos do Receptor de Insulina/metabolismo , Resistência à Insulina , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/citologia , Gordura Intra-Abdominal/fisiologia , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/genética , PTEN Fosfo-Hidrolase/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Cultura Primária de Células , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Transdução de Sinais
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(13)2021 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34203293

RESUMO

The PI3K/mTOR signalling pathway plays a central role in the governing of cell growth, survival and metabolism. As such, it must integrate and decode information from both external and internal sources to guide efficient decision-making by the cell. To facilitate this, the pathway has evolved an intricate web of complex regulatory mechanisms and elaborate crosstalk with neighbouring signalling pathways, making it a highly non-linear system. Here, we describe the mechanistic biological details that underpin these regulatory mechanisms, covering a multitude of negative and positive feedback loops, feed-forward loops, competing protein interactions, and crosstalk with major signalling pathways. Further, we highlight the non-linear and dynamic network behaviours that arise from these regulations, uncovered through computational and experimental studies. Given the pivotal role of the PI3K/mTOR network in cellular homeostasis and its frequent dysregulation in pathologies including cancer and diabetes, a coherent and systems-level understanding of the complex regulation and consequential dynamic signalling behaviours within this network is imperative for advancing biology and development of new therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Animais , Homeostase , Humanos , Neoplasias/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo
16.
Molecules ; 26(14)2021 Jul 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34299412

RESUMO

Gintonin is a kind of ginseng-derived glycolipoprotein that acts as an exogenous LPA receptor ligand. Gintonin has in vitro and in vivo neuroprotective effects; however, little is known about the cellular mechanisms underlying the neuroprotection. In the present study, we aimed to clarify how gintonin attenuates iodoacetic acid (IAA)-induced oxidative stress. The mouse hippocampal cell line HT22 was used. Gintonin treatment significantly attenuated IAA-induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction, ATP depletion, and cell death. However, treatment with Ki16425, an LPA1/3 receptor antagonist, suppressed the neuroprotective effects of gintonin. Gintonin elicited [Ca2⁺]i transients in HT22 cells. Gintonin-mediated [Ca2⁺]i transients through the LPA1 receptor-PLC-IP3 signaling pathway were coupled to increase both the expression and release of BDNF. The released BDNF activated the TrkB receptor. Induction of TrkB phosphorylation was further linked to Akt activation. Phosphorylated Akt reduced IAA-induced oxidative stress and increased cell survival. Our results indicate that gintonin attenuated IAA-induced oxidative stress in neuronal cells by activating the LPA1 receptor-BDNF-TrkB-Akt signaling pathway. One of the gintonin-mediated neuroprotective effects may be achieved via anti-oxidative stress in nervous systems.


Assuntos
Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Receptores de Ácidos Lisofosfatídicos/metabolismo , Animais , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/genética , Sobrevivência Celular , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Hipocampo/patologia , Camundongos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Receptores de Ácidos Lisofosfatídicos/genética , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Mol Med Rep ; 23(4)2021 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34223631

RESUMO

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) is frequently accompanied by a poor prognosis. The majority of patients with AML will experience recurrence due to multiple drug resistance. Our previous study reported that targeting the mTOR pathway may increase cell sensitivity to doxorubicin (Doxo) and provide an improved therapeutic approach to leukemia. However, the effect and mechanism of action of NVP­BEZ235 (BEZ235), a dual inhibitor of PI3K/mTOR, on Doxo­resistant K562 cells (K562/A) is yet to be elucidated. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of BEZ235 on K562/A cell proliferation. K562/A cells was investigated using CCK­8, flow cytometry and western blotting, following BEZ235 treatment. It was observed that BEZ235 significantly decreased the viability of K562/A cells. In addition, BEZ235 arrested K562/A cells at the G0/G1 phase, and reduced the protein expression levels of CDK4, CDK6 and cyclin D1. Apoptotic cells were more frequently detected in K562/A cells treated with BEZ235 compared with the control group (12.97±0.91% vs. 7.37±0.42%, respectively; P<0.05). Cells treated with BEZ235 exhibited downregulation of Bcl­2 and upregulation of Bax. Furthermore, BEZ235 treatment markedly decreased the activation of the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway and its downstream effectors. Thus, these results demonstrated that BEZ235 inhibited cell viability, induced G0/G1 arrest and increased apoptosis in K562/A cells, suggesting that BEZ235 may reverse Doxo resistance in leukemia cells. Therefore, targeting the PI3K/mTOR pathway may be of value as a novel therapeutic approach to leukemia.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Imidazóis/farmacologia , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Inibidores de Fosfoinositídeo-3 Quinase/farmacologia , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/antagonistas & inibidores , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Fase G1/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Células K562 , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , Fase de Repouso do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/genética , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/genética , Proteína X Associada a bcl-2/metabolismo
18.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3349-3361, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230131

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The present study investigated the oncogenic functions of TACC3 in the progression of gastric cancer (GC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analysed TACC3 in relation to cell growth, invasion capability, expression of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT)-related markers, and ERK/Akt/cyclin D1 signaling factors. The correlation between the immunohistochemically confirmed expression of TACC3 and clinical factors was also analyzed. RESULTS: The increased proliferation and invasion of TACC3-over-expressing GC cells was accompanied by altered regulation of EMT-associated markers and activation of ERK/Akt/cyclin D1 signaling. Immunohistochemical analysis of TACC3 in human GC tissues revealed that its expression is correlated with aggressive characteristics and poor prognosis of intestinal-type GC. CONCLUSION: TACC3 contributes to gastric tumorigenesis by promoting EMT via the ERK/Akt/cyclin D1 signaling pathway. The correlation between TACC3 expression and multiple clinicopathological variables implies that its effective therapeutic targeting in GC will depend on the tumor subtype.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Ciclina D1/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/genética , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Invasividade Neoplásica/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Transdução de Sinais/genética , Estômago/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
19.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112518, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34271501

RESUMO

Copper (Cu), as a common chemical contaminant in environment, is known to be toxic at high concentrations. The current research demonstrates the effects of copper upon hepatocyte cell-cycle progression (CCP) in mice. Institute of cancer research (ICR) mice (n = 240) at an age of four weeks were divided randomly into groups treated with different doses of Cu (0, 4, 8, and 16 mg/kg) for 21 and 42 days. Results showed that high Cu exposure caused hepatocellular G0/G1 cell-cycle arrest (CCA) and reduced cell proportion in the G2/M phase. G0/G1 CCA occurred with down-regulation (p < 0.05) of Ras, p-PI3K (Tyr458), p-Akt (Thr308), p-forkhead box O3 (FOXO3A) (Ser253), p-glycogen synthase kinase 3-ß (GSK3-ß) (Ser9), murine double minute 2 (MDM2) protein, and mRNA expression levels, and up-regulation (p < 0.05) of PTEN, p-p53 (Ser15), p27, p21 protein, and mRNA expression levels, which subsequently suppressed (p < 0.05) the protein and mRNA expression levels of CDK2/4 and cyclin E/D. These results indicate that Cu exposure suppresses the Ras/PI3K/Akt signaling pathway to reduce the level of CDK2/4 and cyclin E/D, which are essential for the G1-S transition, and finally causes hepatocytes G0/G1 CCA.


Assuntos
Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Cobre/toxicidade , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Quinase 3 da Glicogênio Sintase , Camundongos , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 222: 112529, 2021 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34293585

RESUMO

Mercury is a naturally occurring element and highly toxic to humans even at a low dosage. Curcumin is a polyphenol found in turmeric (Curcuma longa), widely used as a treatment strategy to improve antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential protective mechanisms of curcumin in spleen damage induced by HgCl2. The mice were given curcumin by intragastric administration 2 h before HgCl2 injection for 24 h. At first, splenic transcriptome analysis showed that 3334 genes (2134 up and 1200 down) were differently expressed in HgCl2-induced spleen damage model. Notably, KEGG enrichment showed phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-AKT might be a key signaling pathways in HgCl2-induced spleen damage. Furthermore, our data demonstrated that HgCl2 could induce autophagic cell death, evidenced by increases the protein expression of PI3K, AKT, LC3-II and p62 and the number of apoptotic cells. Furthermore, we found that curcumin significantly combated autophagic cell death, sodium overload and calcium leak induced by HgCl2. Simultaneously, further studies demonstrated that curcumin significantly activated nuclear factor (erythroid-derived-2)-like 2 (Nrf2) signaling pathway, and subsequent enhancing antioxidant defenses. Taken together, our data indicated that inorganic mercury could result in autophagic cell death, which may be related to the regulation of PI3K-AKT signaling cascades. Furthermore, Nrf2-mediated antioxidant defenses may be the target of curcumin to confers an adaptive survival response to resist spleen damage induced by HgCl2. The present study perfects the mechanism theory of HgCl2-induced spleen damage and provides a way for pharmacological intervention to prevent spleen injury.


Assuntos
Morte Celular Autofágica , Curcumina , Mercúrio , Oligoelementos , Animais , Curcumina/farmacologia , Mercúrio/toxicidade , Camundongos , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinase , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/genética , Fosfatidilinositol 3-Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Baço/metabolismo
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