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1.
Exp Parasitol ; 206: 107758, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31521628

RESUMO

The diagnostic performance of a cocktail formula consisting of two Babesia (B.) bovis recombinant proteins, including spherical body protein 1 (BbSBP-1) and spherical body protein 4 (BbSBP-4), was evaluated in the present study for the global detection of B. bovis infection in cattle and for the differentiation between B. bovis and B. bigemina infections. The efficacy and the practicality of the rBbSBP-1 and rBbSBP-4 cocktail formula for differentiation between the infection caused by both parasites were assessed using indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (iELISA) with serum samples collected from cattle experimentally infected by B. bovis (n = 33) or B. bigemina (n = 30). Cocktail antigen exhibited the highest optical density (OD) values with B. bovis-infected sera and the lowest OD values with normal bovine sera or B. bigemina-infected sera in comparison with the single antigen. A total of 581 field serum samples collected from four countries with known B. bovis endemicity: Ghana (n = 154), Egypt (n = 162), Thailand (n = 96), and South Africa (n = 169) were screened also in the current study using iELISA and the results were compared to those of indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) as a reference. A cocktail formula (rBbSBP-1 and rBbSBP-4) exhibited the highest concordance rate (89.90%) and kappa value (0.73). The obtained results revealed the reliability of the rBbSBP-1 and rBbSBP-4 cocktail antigen for the detection of specific antibodies to B. bovis in cattle and demonstrated the usefulness of cocktail antigen for differentiation between B. bovis and B. bigemina infections compared with the single antigen in cattle, which will be useful for epidemiological surveys and control of bovine babesiosis.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Protozoários/imunologia , Babesia bovis/imunologia , Babesiose/parasitologia , Doenças dos Bovinos/parasitologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Babesiose/diagnóstico , Babesiose/imunologia , Western Blotting/veterinária , Bovinos , Doenças dos Bovinos/diagnóstico , Doenças dos Bovinos/imunologia , DNA Complementar/biossíntese , DNA Complementar/imunologia , Egito , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Gana , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , África do Sul , Tailândia
2.
Exp Parasitol ; 206: 107757, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31494216

RESUMO

Equine theileriosis is a severe equine disease caused by the protozoan Theileria equi, which is prevalent in tropical and subtropical areas. In this study, a recombinant equi merozoite antigen-2 (rEMA-2) of T. equi was used as an immunogen. Two groups of 10 mice each were divided into control and vaccinated groups. Sixty mares seronegative for theileriosis were divided in two groups, one vaccinated and another group as a control animal. Mice and mares of the vaccinated groups were inoculated with 150 µL of the vaccine containing 50 µg of rEMA-2 and 2 mL of the vaccine containing 200 µg of rEMA-2, respectively, at days 0 and 21. The immunogenicity of rEMA-2 was evaluated by ELISA and fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) using serum from vaccinated mice, mares and antigenicity in naturally infected horse. At every point throughout the ELISA study, there were significant differences between the vaccinated and control groups (p < 0.05). The vaccine induced 3- and 4-fold IgG increases in mice at the 14th and 28th day, respectively, compared to the control group. The horses' IgG dynamics showed a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the total IgG titer as early as day 7, which increased until day 28 at which time a more significant (p < 0.001) IgG titer was observed. In evaluating the isotypes, we observed a trend similar to that of total IgG, where IgG(T) (IgG3-5) were significantly (p < 0.05) more elevated than the other isotypes analyzed, followed by IgGb (IgG4-7) and IgGa (IgG1). Positive fluorescence was detected by IFAT, suggesting that the protein is immunogenic and conserves some epitopes identical to the native T. equi antigens present in the equine blood smear. Thus, our results suggest that rEMA-2 can be a promising vaccinal antigen.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Protozoários/imunologia , Pichia/imunologia , Theileria/imunologia , Análise de Variância , Animais , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/imunologia , Antígenos de Protozoários/biossíntese , Antígenos de Protozoários/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Cavalos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Merozoítos/imunologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Distribuição Aleatória , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
3.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 14: 6601-6613, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31496701

RESUMO

Purpose: The primary goal of the present study was to explore and evaluate the highly conserved Neisserial surface protein A (NspA) molecule, fused with truncated HBV virus-like particles (VLPs), as a candidate vaccine against the virulent Neisseria meningitidis serogroup B (NMB). Methods: NspA was inserted into the major immunodominant region of the truncated hepatitis B virus core protein (HBc; amino acids 1-144). The chimeric protein, HBc-N144-NspA, was expressed from a prokaryotic vector and generated HBc-like particles, as determined by transmission electron microscopy. Further, the chimeric protein and control proteins were used to immunize mice and the resulting immune responses evaluated by flow cytometry, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and analysis of serum bactericidal activity (SBA) titer. Results: Evaluation of the immunogenicity of the recombinant HBc-N144-NspA protein showed that it elicited the production of high levels of NspA-specific total IgG. The SBA titer of HBc-N144-NspA/F reached 1:16 2 weeks after the last immunization in BALB/c mice, when human serum complement was included in the vaccine. Immunization of HBc-N144-NspA, even without adjuvant, induced high levels of IL-4 and a high IgG1 to IgG2a ratio, confirming induction of an intense Th2 immune response. Levels of IL-17A increased rapidly in mice after the first immunization with HBc-N144-NspA, indicating the potential for this vaccine to induce a mucosal immune response. Meanwhile, the immunization of HBc-N144-NspA without adjuvant induced only mild inflammatory infiltration into the mouse muscle tissue. Conclusion: This study demonstrates that modification using HBc renders NspA a candidate vaccine, which can trigger protective immunity against NMB.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/imunologia , Vírus da Hepatite B/metabolismo , Infecções Meningocócicas/imunologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/prevenção & controle , Neisseria meningitidis/patogenicidade , Sorogrupo , Vírion/metabolismo , Adjuvantes Imunológicos/farmacologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/química , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/ultraestrutura , Citocinas/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Feminino , Imunidade , Imunização , Inflamação/patologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Infecções Meningocócicas/patologia , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Teste Bactericida do Soro , Baço/microbiologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Vacinação , Virulência
4.
J Dermatol ; 46(10): 853-858, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432529

RESUMO

In patients with lepromatous leprosy, Mycobacterium leprae is often observed inside the human microvascular endothelial cells (HMVEC) surrounding Schwann cells (SC) at the site of lesions in the peripheral nerves. Based on this observation, it is considered that the nasal mucous may be the invasion pathway for M. leprae and HMVEC serve as an important reservoir for the bacteria before they invade SC. In light of previous research which revealed that Mce1A protein mediates bacterial invasion into nasal epithelial cells and HMVEC, we conducted a study to determine whether the invasion of M. leprae into HMVEC can be suppressed by blocking the Mce1A protein. In this study, we analyzed bacterial invasive activity by adding recombinant Escherichia coli, which express the active region (InvX:72 a.a.) of Mce1A protein on their external membrane, into cultured HMVEC, using the adhesin involved in the diffuse adherence mechanism. The number of bacteria that invaded into the cells was then measured by a colony counting method. The active region of Mce1A was divided into four sections, and hyperimmune antisera was prepared for each section for analyzing the inhibitory effect against invasion. The invasive activity was suppressed by antibodies against InvX regions 1-24 a.a., 25-46 a.a. and 58-72 a.a. This suggests that the InvX regions 1-24 a.a., 25-46 a.a. and 58-72 a.a. of Mce1A protein play an important role in the invasion of M. leprae into HMVEC and that it may be possible to suppress entry of M. leprae in HMVEC with antibodies against these regions.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antibacterianos/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Células Endoteliais/microbiologia , Hanseníase/imunologia , Mycobacterium leprae/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Antibacterianos/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Linhagem Celular , Contagem de Colônia Microbiana , Humanos , Soros Imunes/imunologia , Soros Imunes/isolamento & purificação , Hanseníase/microbiologia , Hanseníase/prevenção & controle , Mycobacterium leprae/patogenicidade , Coelhos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
5.
BMC Vet Res ; 15(1): 274, 2019 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31370852

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In Poland, the leader in goose production in Europe, goose parovirus infection, or Derzsy's disease (DD), must be reported to the veterinary administration due to the serious economic and epizootic threat to waterfowl production. Prophylactic treatment for DD includes attenuated live or inactivated vaccines. Moreover, the control of DD includes the monitoring of maternal derived antibody (MDA) levels in the offspring and antibody titers in the parent flock after vaccination. The aim of this study was to develop an ELISA for the detection of goose parvovirus (GPV) antibodies. RESULTS: Two recombinant protein fragments derived from VP3 (viral protein 3) GPV, namely VP3ep6 and VP3ep4-6 with a mass of 20.9 and 32.3 kDa, respectively, were produced using an Escherichia coli expression system. These proteins were purified by one-step nickel-affinity chromatography, which yielded protein preparations with a purity above 95%. These recombinant proteins were useful in the detection of serum anti-GPV antibodies, and this was confirmed by Western blotting. However, recombinant VP3ep4-6 protein showed a greater ability to correctly identify sera from infected geese. In the next stage of the project, a pool of 166 goose sera samples, previously examined by a virus neutralization test (VN), was tested. For further studies, one recombinant protein (VP3ep4-6) was selected for optimization of the test conditions. After optimization, the newly developed ELISA was compared to other serological tests, and demonstrated high sensitivity and specificity. CONCLUSION: In conclusion, the VP3ep4-6 ELISA method described here can be used for the detection of antibodies to GPV in serum.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Proteínas do Capsídeo/imunologia , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/veterinária , Infecções por Parvoviridae/veterinária , Parvovirinae/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/diagnóstico , Animais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/normas , Infecções por Parvoviridae/sangue , Infecções por Parvoviridae/diagnóstico , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/sangue , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/virologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
6.
Cancer Sci ; 110(9): 2722-2733, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31461572

RESUMO

Mesothelin (MSLN) shows increased expression in various cancer cells. For clinical application of antibodies as a positron emission tomography (PET) imaging reagent, a human shortened antibody is essential both for avoiding redundant immune responses and for providing rapid imaging. Therefore, we cloned a single-chain fragment of variable regions (scFv) from a human-derived gene sequence. This was achieved through the construction of a naïve phage library derived from human tonsil lymphocytes. Using a column with human recombinant MSLN, we carried out bio-panning of phage-variants by colony formation. We first obtained 120 clones that were subjected to selection in an ELISA using human recombinant MSLN as a solid phase antigen, and 15 phage clones of scFv with a different sequence were selected and investigated by flow cytometry (FCM). Then, six variants were selected and the individual scFv gene was synthesized in the VL and VH domains and expressed in Chinese hamster ovary cells. Mammalian cell-derived human-origin scFv clones were analyzed by FCM again, and one MSLN highly specific scFv clone was established. PET imaging by 89 Zr-labeled scFv was done in mice bearing xenografts with MSLN-expressing cancer cells, and tumor legions were successfully visualized. The scFv variant established in the present study may be potentially useful for cancer diagnosis by PET imaging.


Assuntos
Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/imunologia , Neoplasias/diagnóstico por imagem , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia , Animais , Células CHO , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Clonagem Molecular , Cricetulus , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Neoplasias/patologia , Biblioteca de Peptídeos , Tomografia Computadorizada com Tomografia por Emissão de Pósitrons/métodos , Radioisótopos , Compostos Radiofarmacêuticos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto , Zircônio
7.
J Vet Sci ; 20(4): e35, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31364320

RESUMO

The major immunogenic protein capsid (Cap) of porcine circovirus type 2 (PCV2) is critical to induce neutralizing antibodies and protective immune response against PCV2 infection. This study was conducted to investigate the immune response of recombinant adenovirus expressing PCV2b Cap and C-terminal domain of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis invasin (Cap-InvC) fusion protein in pigs. The recombinant adenovirus rAd-Cap-InvC, rAd-Cap and rAd were generated and used to immunize pigs. The phosphate-buffered saline was used as negative control. The specific antibodies levels in rAd-Cap-InvC and ZJ/C-strain vaccine groups were higher than that of rAd-Cap group (p < 0.05), and the neutralization antibody titer in rAd-Cap-InvC group was significantly higher than those of other groups during 21-42 days post-immunization (DPI). Moreover, lymphocyte proliferative level, interferon-γ and interleukin-13 levels in rAd-Cap-InvC group were increased compared to rAd-Cap group (p < 0.05). After virulent challenge, viruses were not detected from the blood samples in rAd-Cap-InvC and ZJ/C-strain vaccine groups after 49 DPI. And the respiratory symptom, rectal temperature, lung lesion and lymph node lesion were minimal and similar in the ZJ/C-strain and rAd-Cap-InVC groups. In conclusion, our results demonstrated that rAd-Cap-InvC was more efficiently to stimulate the production of antibody and protect pigs from PCV2 infection. We inferred that InvC is a good candidate gene for further development and application of PCV2 genetic engineering vaccine.


Assuntos
Vacinas contra Adenovirus/administração & dosagem , Proteínas do Capsídeo/imunologia , Infecções por Circoviridae/veterinária , Circovirus/imunologia , Imunização/veterinária , Doenças dos Suínos/prevenção & controle , Adesinas Bacterianas/genética , Adesinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Animais , Infecções por Circoviridae/prevenção & controle , Infecções por Circoviridae/virologia , Feminino , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Sus scrofa , Suínos , Doenças dos Suínos/virologia , Vacinas Sintéticas/administração & dosagem , Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/genética
8.
Parasit Vectors ; 12(1): 362, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345265

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rhipicephalus microplus is a hard tick species that has a high impact on cattle health and production in tropical and subtropical regions. Recently, ribosomal DNA and morphological analysis resulted in the reinstatement of R. australis as a separate species from R. microplus. Both feed on cattle and can transmit bovine pathogens such as Anaplasma and Babesia species. The current treatment with acaricides is becoming increasingly less effective due to the emergence of resistant tick strains. A promising alternative can be found in the form of anti-tick vaccines. The available commercial vaccines can be used to control tick infestation, but the lack of a knockdown effect (> 90% reduction in tick numbers as seen with effective acaricides) hampers its widespread use, hence higher efficacious vaccines are needed. Instead of searching for new protective antigens, we investigated the efficacy of vaccines that contain more than one (partially) protective antigen. For screening vaccine formulations, a previously developed in vitro feeding assay was used in which R. australis larvae are fed sera that were raised against the candidate vaccine antigens. In the present study, the efficacy of the Bm86 midgut antigen and the cytosolic Subolesin (SUB) antigen were evaluated in vitro. RESULTS: Antiserum against recombinant Bm86 (rBm86) partially inhibited larval engorgement, whereas antiserum against recombinant SUB (rSUB) did not have any effect on feeding of larvae. Importantly, when larvae were fed a combination of antiserum against rBm86 and rSUB, a synergistic effect on significantly reducing larval infestations was found. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the rBm86 antiserum reacted with gut epithelium of R. australis larvae, whereas the antiserum against rSUB stained salivary glands and rectal sac epithelium. CONCLUSIONS: Combining anti-Bm86 and anti-subolesin antibodies synergistically reduced R. australis larval feeding in vitro. Rhipicephalus australis is a one host tick, meaning that the larvae develop to nymphs and subsequently adults on the same host. Hence, this protective effect could be even more pronounced when larvae are used for infestation of vaccinated cattle, as the antibodies could then affect all three developmental stages. This will be tested in future in vivo experiments.


Assuntos
Anticorpos/farmacologia , Antígenos/imunologia , Proteínas de Artrópodes/imunologia , Soros Imunes/farmacologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Rhipicephalus/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antígenos/genética , Proteínas de Artrópodes/genética , Bovinos , Feminino , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/fisiologia , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Rhipicephalus/fisiologia , Vacinas/imunologia
9.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 813-820, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271840

RESUMO

B cells have been found to have phagocytic activity in recent years, but the studies exploring the regulation mechanisms are still lacking to date. In the present study, the recombinant interleukin-10 (rIL-10) was obtained to study the function of IL-10 on phagocytosis of flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) mIgM+ B lymphocytes. Flow cytometric analysis showed that IL-10 significantly enhanced the phagocytosis of Edwardsiella tarda but not Lactococcus lactis by mIgM+ B lymphocytes. Moreover, significantly higher intracellular ROS levels were detected in mIgM+ B lymphocytes following rIL-10 stimulation. The qRT-PCR analysis showed that rIL-10 could upregulate the expressions of IL-10Rb and Stat3 in mIgM+ B lymphocytes, suggesting that IL-10 might modulate the phagocytosis of mIgM+ B lymphocytes by activating IL-10R and Stat3. In addition, we also found that the enhancing effect of IL-10 on phagocytosis and intracellular ROS levels of mIgM+ B lymphocytes were suppressed by the administration of niclosamide. These results collectively demonstrated that IL-10 enhanced mIgM+ B lymphocyte-mediated phagocytosis of E. tarda and intracellular bactericidal ability, and IL-10R and Stat3 might play a curial role in the regulation of IL-10-stimulated phagocytosis, which would deepen our understanding of regulation mechanism of B cell phagocytosis.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/imunologia , Linguados/imunologia , Interleucina-10/imunologia , Fagocitose/imunologia , Animais , Edwardsiella tarda/fisiologia , Lactococcus lactis/fisiologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia
10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3068, 2019 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296843

RESUMO

Most neutralizing antibodies against Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) target the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike glycoprotein and block its binding to the cellular receptor dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4). The epitopes and mechanisms of mAbs targeting non-RBD regions have not been well characterized yet. Here we report the monoclonal antibody 7D10 that binds to the N-terminal domain (NTD) of the spike glycoprotein and inhibits the cell entry of MERS-CoV with high potency. Structure determination and mutagenesis experiments reveal the epitope and critical residues on the NTD for 7D10 binding and neutralization. Further experiments indicate that the neutralization by 7D10 is not solely dependent on the inhibition of DPP4 binding, but also acts after viral cell attachment, inhibiting the pre-fusion to post-fusion conformational change of the spike. These properties give 7D10 a wide neutralization breadth and help explain its synergistic effects with several RBD-targeting antibodies.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/metabolismo , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/ultraestrutura , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/metabolismo , Anticorpos Antivirais/ultraestrutura , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Infecções por Coronavirus/sangue , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dipeptidil Peptidase 4/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Mapeamento de Epitopos , Epitopos/imunologia , Feminino , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Camundongos , Coronavírus da Síndrome Respiratória do Oriente Médio/metabolismo , Testes de Neutralização , Ligação Proteica/imunologia , Domínios Proteicos/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/ultraestrutura , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/isolamento & purificação , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/metabolismo , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/ultraestrutura , Células Vero , Internalização do Vírus
11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 3070, 2019 07 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31296852

RESUMO

CARD9 and CARD11 drive immune cell activation by nucleating Bcl10 polymerization, but are held in an autoinhibited state prior to stimulation. Here, we elucidate the structural basis for this autoinhibition by determining the structure of a region of CARD9 that includes an extensive interface between its caspase recruitment domain (CARD) and coiled-coil domain. We demonstrate, for both CARD9 and CARD11, that disruption of this interface leads to hyperactivation in cells and to the formation of Bcl10-templating filaments in vitro, illuminating the mechanism of action of numerous oncogenic mutations of CARD11. These structural insights enable us to characterize two similar, yet distinct, mechanisms by which autoinhibition is relieved in the course of canonical CARD9 or CARD11 activation. We also dissect the molecular determinants of helical template assembly by solving the structure of the CARD9 filament. Taken together, these findings delineate the structural mechanisms of inhibition and activation within this protein family.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/ultraestrutura , Guanilato Ciclase/ultraestrutura , Domínios Proteicos , Proteína 10 de Linfoma CCL de Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/imunologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Sinalização CARD/metabolismo , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Guanilato Ciclase/genética , Guanilato Ciclase/imunologia , Guanilato Ciclase/metabolismo , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Mutação , Ressonância Magnética Nuclear Biomolecular , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Multimerização Proteica/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/ultraestrutura , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
12.
Comp Immunol Microbiol Infect Dis ; 65: 176-180, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31300110

RESUMO

Veterinary leptospirosis vaccines are composed of bacterins and present limitations, for example, the need for bacteriological culture and serovar-dependent immunity. Recombinant antigens represent a promising alternative. LigAni, LigBrep, and LipL32 proteins have been shown to promote a protective immune response against the homologous challenge in hamsters. Therefore, the next step is to evaluate the immunological properties of these immunogens in the actual hosts, as ruminants, which has never been performed before. The objective of this study was to evaluate the immunogenicity and potential adverse effects of the recombinant proteins LigAni, LigBrep, and LipL32 in the ovine model. For this, 16 Santa Inês sheep were allocated into three groups: two experimental (Groups A and B) and one control group (Group C). Group A was inoculated with a formulation containing the recombinant proteins in combination with the aluminum hydroxide adjuvant; Group B was inoculated with a formulation containing the recombinant proteins in combination with the Montanide adjuvant; and Group C was inoculated with adjuvants only. The results revealed that formulations containing the recombinant proteins induced total IgG seroconversion and led to a significant increase in antibody titers in the sheep model. Besides, there were no clinical changes or adverse effects. Thus, LigAni, LigBrep, and LipL32 proteins elicited a significant humoral immune response with elevated serum IgG levels, demonstrating that they possess the immunogenic and safety characteristics necessary to sustain their potential use as leptospirosis vaccines in the ruminant model.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Bactérias/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/imunologia , Imunogenicidade da Vacina , Leptospira/imunologia , Leptospirose/veterinária , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Animais , Antígenos de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/imunologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Vacinas Bacterianas/genética , Vacinas Bacterianas/imunologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Imunidade Humoral , Leptospira/genética , Leptospirose/imunologia , Leptospirose/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Ovinos , Vacinas Sintéticas/imunologia
13.
Biophys Chem ; 253: 106213, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31276987

RESUMO

The interaction event between programmed death receptor-1 (PD-1) and its ligand (PD-L1) functions as an essential immune checkpoint against cytotoxic T effector cell activation. Previously, a number of small-molecule inhibitors and antibody drugs have been successfully developed to block the PD1/PDL1 signaling axis for breast cancer immunotherapy. Here, we attempt to directly disrupt the formation of PD-1/PD-L1 complex by using a self-inhibitory peptide (SIP) strategy. In the procedure, the complex crystal structure is examined systematically with energetic analysis and alanine scanning. Two double-stranded segments I and II in PD-L1 active finger are identified as hotspot regions; they directly interact with the amphipathic pocket of PD-1 to form the complex system. The segments are derived from PD-L1 to define two SIP peptides, namely, DS-I and DS-II, which are thought to have capability of rebinding at the complex interface, thus disrupting PD-1/PD-L1 interaction as a new immune checkpoint blockade. A further analysis reveals that the free linear DS-I and DS-II peptides are highly flexible without protein context support, which would incur a large entropy penalty (unfavorable indirect readout effect) when rebinding to PD-1. Next, intramolecular cyclization is applied to constraining the intrinsically disordered conformation of free DS-II peptide into native ordered double-stranded configuration, which can be substantiated by molecular dynamics simulation and circular dichroism spectroscopy. Several cyclized counterparts of linear DS-II peptide are designed and their affinities to PD-1 are determined using fluorescence polarization assays. As might be expected, three designed cyclic peptides DS-II[c111-127], ΔDS-II[c111-127] and ΔDS-II[c110-128] exhibit considerably increased potency (Kd = 28.0 ±â€¯4.2, 17.5 ±â€¯3.1 and 11.6 ±â€¯2.3 µM, respectively) relative to linear DS-II peptide (Kd = 109 ±â€¯15 µM).


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/imunologia , Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Imunoterapia , Peptídeos/imunologia , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/imunologia , Antígeno B7-H1/química , Neoplasias da Mama/imunologia , Dicroísmo Circular , Ciclização , Feminino , Humanos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Peptídeos/síntese química , Peptídeos/química , Receptor de Morte Celular Programada 1/química , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Linfócitos T Citotóxicos/imunologia
14.
Parasitol Int ; 72: 101938, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201923

RESUMO

Plasmodium falciparum is a blood protozoan parasite, transmitted by Anopheles mosquitoes vectors, that can cause morbidity and even leads to mortality in tropical countries. Strategies are directed to combat malaria including development of diagnostic tools, serological markers and vaccinations. A target under intensive studies is Merozoite Surface Protein (MSP)-3. The aim of this study is to express and purify recombinant MSP3 of P. falciparum (rPfMSP3) using silkworm expression system as a host for its large-scale production and to investigate its potential effectiveness for sero-diagnosis. The rPfMSP3 formed oligomers in a blue-native PAGE and its N-glycosylation was confirmed by periodic acid-Schiff staining and PNGase F treatment. The amyloid-like morphology of the rPfMSP3 oligomers was observed. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay showed that 60-70% of human samples from subjects living in malaria endemic areas in Indonesia detected the rPfMSP3. Western blot results showed that the rPfMSP3 was recognized by a malaria infected human serum but not by an uninfected human serum. The rPfMSP3 was successfully expressed in silkworm as a soluble protein and has the potential to be used in serological measurement for detecting PfMSP3-specific antibodies in sera from individuals living in endemic areas.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Antiprotozoários/sangue , Antígenos de Protozoários/imunologia , Malária Falciparum/diagnóstico , Proteínas de Protozoários/imunologia , Animais , Antígenos de Protozoários/genética , Bombyx/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/sangue , Malária Falciparum/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/imunologia , Merozoítos/imunologia , Plasmodium falciparum/genética , Proteínas de Protozoários/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Testes Sorológicos
15.
Mol Immunol ; 112: 347-357, 2019 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31254775

RESUMO

Peach and apricot can cause allergic reactions with symptoms ranging from mild to very severe, including anaphylaxis. Sometimes subjects allergic to fruits of the Prunus genus have been reported to be also allergic to rubber latex products. The objective of this study is the characterization of a newly identified peach and apricot protein showing similarities with the allergens Hev b 5 from rubber latex and Man e 5 from manioc. This protein has been named ENEA on the basis of the single letter amino acid code of the first four N-terminal residues of the isolated molecule. It has been found in very variable amounts in different peach cultivars and batches. ENEA was isolated from peach pulp extracts by chromatographic separations and identified by direct protein sequencing. At that time, the full length sequence was available only for the homologous protein of the taxonomically closely related apricot, which was produced as a recombinant molecule in Escherichia coli. The following availability of the full length sequence of peach ENEA revealed a very high identity (97%) with the apricot homolog. Similarly to Hev b 5 and to Man e 5, the structural characterization indicated that ENEA is an intrinsically disordered protein. The immunological properties, investigated by dot blotting, the ABA system and the FABER test, showed that ENEA is recognized by specific IgE of allergic patients. In a selected population of 31 patients reporting allergic reactions to peach fruit and/or IgE positive to Hev b 5, 28 and 27 subjects resulted co-sensitized to rENEA and Hev b 5 in the ABA and ISAC test, respectively. In a random population of 3305 suspected allergic patients, analyzed with the FABER test, 17 of them were sensitized to rENEA and 10 of them were also positive to Hev b 5. In addition, both the natural molecule from peach and the recombinant protein of apricot partially inhibited the IgE binding to Hev b 5. In conclusion, a new peach and apricot IgE-binding protein, cross-reacting with the major latex allergen Hev b 5, has been identified. Its variable concentration in the fruit might explain some occasionally occurring allergic reactions. The apricot molecule has recently been registered by the WHO/IUIS Allergen Nomenclature Sub-Committee with the allergen name Pru ar 5. The recombinant form of apricot ENEA, now available, will contribute to allergy diagnosis.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Plantas/imunologia , Reações Cruzadas/imunologia , Hipersensibilidade ao Látex/imunologia , Látex/imunologia , Proteínas de Plantas/imunologia , Prunus armeniaca/imunologia , Prunus persica/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Alérgenos/imunologia , Criança , Feminino , Galectina 3/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina E/imunologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prunus/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Adulto Jovem
16.
Vet Immunol Immunopathol ; 212: 9-14, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213252

RESUMO

Targeting antigens to endocytic receptors on the surface of dendritic cells is a new strategy for increasing the adaptive immune response. The objective of the current study was the construction and bacterial expression of a recombinant antibody single-chain fragment variable (ScFv) directed against chicken DEC 205, an endocytic receptor, for use in the genetic fusion of antigens. In particular, we use as antigen the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) of Newcastle disease virus. Our results show that inoculation of chickens with HN genetically fused to the ScFv anti-DEC 205 induced an evidently higher immune response against HN, in contrast to inoculation with unconjugated HN. In addition, neutralizing antibodies against Newcastle disease virus were detected only in the serum from chickens immunized with HN fused to ScFv anti-DEC 205. Inoculated fused antigens to ScFv against endocytic receptor DEC 205 resulted in a greater antibody-specific anti-HN production compared with antigens applied alone. The results of this study show that the strategy described here has the potential to be used in the development of more effective vaccines against infectious diseases in chickens.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/imunologia , Lectinas Tipo C/imunologia , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/imunologia , Vírus da Doença de Newcastle/enzimologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/prevenção & controle , Receptores de Superfície Celular/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/biossíntese , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/sangue , Anticorpos Antivirais/sangue , Galinhas/imunologia , Escherichia coli/genética , Hemaglutininas Virais/imunologia , Neuraminidase/imunologia , Doenças das Aves Domésticas/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/biossíntese , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Anticorpos de Cadeia Única/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia
17.
J Chromatogr A ; 1603: 15-22, 2019 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213362

RESUMO

Affinity chromatography technologies play an important role in the purification of antibodies. To prepare affinity materials, prior isolation and purification of affinity ligands are required before coupling onto solid supports, which is quite expensive and laborious in large-scale applications. In this study, a one-step approach which circumvents the ligand purification procedures was developed to fabricate affinity gel for purifying immunoglobulin G (IgG). A self-labeling tag, haloalkane dehalogenase, was fused to the C-terminal of an anti-Fc variable domain of the heavy chain of the heavy-chain antibody (AFV) which was isolated in previous work. The AFV binds to various sources of IgG and is highly thermal stable. The fusion protein, namely HAFV, was expressed in Escherichia coli as a soluble protein. The binding affinity of HAFV to the Fc region of IgG was characterized and compared with the untagged anti-Fc nanobody. Next, the HAFV was immobilized directly from the crude cell lysate of isopropylthio-ß-D-galactoside (IPTG) induced E. coli. The effects of NaCl concentrations and pH on the capacity of the HAFV resin were investigated. In addition, the one-step coupled HAFV resin was compared with the AFV resin and commercial resins (Protein A and Protein G) by evaluating the static capacity and stability. Though the Protein A (8.34 ±â€¯0.37 mg/ml) and Protein G (9.19 ±â€¯0.28 mg/ml) showed higher static capacity, the static capacity of HAFV resin (8.21 ±â€¯0.30 mg/ml) was better than that of the untagged AFV gel (6.48 ±â€¯0.56 mg/ml). The recovery results calculated for the reusability and stability show that there is no significant difference between the results obtained for the HAFV gel with those of the untagged AFV gel and commercial Protein A and G. After stored at 37 ℃ for 7 days and recycled 10 times, the static capacity of HAFV gel remains above 78%. Our strategy is site-specific, cost-effective, reproducible, and has the potential to dramatically cut down the costs of affinity materials for IgG purification.


Assuntos
Cromatografia de Afinidade/métodos , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/metabolismo , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica , Receptores Fc/química , Receptores Fc/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/imunologia , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/isolamento & purificação , Proteína Estafilocócica A/química , Proteína Estafilocócica A/metabolismo
18.
Immunity ; 50(6): 1530-1541.e8, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31216462

RESUMO

Rapidly evolving RNA viruses, such as the GII.4 strain of human norovirus (HuNoV), and their vaccines elicit complex serological responses associated with previous exposure. Specific correlates of protection, moreover, remain poorly understood. Here, we report the GII.4-serological antibody repertoire-pre- and post-vaccination-and select several antibody clonotypes for epitope and structural analysis. The humoral response was dominated by GII.4-specific antibodies that blocked ancestral strains or by antibodies that bound to divergent genotypes and did not block viral-entry-ligand interactions. However, one antibody, A1431, showed broad blockade toward tested GII.4 strains and neutralized the pandemic GII.P16-GII.4 Sydney strain. Structural mapping revealed conserved epitopes, which were occluded on the virion or partially exposed, allowing for broad blockade with neutralizing activity. Overall, our results provide high-resolution molecular information on humoral immune responses after HuNoV vaccination and demonstrate that infection-derived and vaccine-elicited antibodies can exhibit broad blockade and neutralization against this prevalent human pathogen.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Infecções por Caliciviridae/imunologia , Infecções por Caliciviridae/prevenção & controle , Norovirus/imunologia , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Anticorpos Antivirais/química , Infecções por Caliciviridae/epidemiologia , Infecções por Caliciviridae/virologia , Linhagem Celular , Sequência Conservada , Epitopos/química , Epitopos/imunologia , Humanos , Imunoglobulina G/imunologia , Modelos Moleculares , Norovirus/classificação , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Vacinação
19.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 315-321, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31202965

RESUMO

Mammalian Interleukin (IL)-23 is a heterodimeric cytokine with an IL-23-specific P19 subunit and a P40 subunit shared with IL-12, and plays a key role in the regulation of cell differentiation as well as inflammation. We previously demonstrated the existence of three soluble fish Interleukin (Il)-23 isoforms consist of a single P19 and one of three P40 isoforms (P40a/b/c) in grass carp. In the present study, three recombinant grass carp Il-23 (rgcIl-23) isoforms were prepared by linking gcP19 and gcP40a/b/c in a prokaryotic expression system, and then their functional properties were verified in grass carp head kidney leukocytes (HKLs). All three rgcIl-23 isoforms showed the bioactivities to divergently upregulate the mRNA expression of Th17 signature cytokines (il17a/f1, il21, il22 and il26) as well as Il-23 receptor (il23r) in HKLs. Moreover, they also promoted gcIl-17a/f1 secretion in a dose-dependent manner, strengthening their roles in Th17-like response. Furthermore, induction of il17a/f1 and il23r transcription by rgcIl-23 was blocked by a STAT3 inhibitor in grass carp HKLs, suggesting the involvement of STAT3 signaling in these inductions. Taken together, we for the first time identified the bioactivities of fish Il-23 isoforms and particularly revealed the existence of Il-23/Il-17a/f1 axis in fish, thereby advancing our understanding of Th17-like responses in fish immunity.


Assuntos
Carpas/genética , Carpas/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Interleucina-23/genética , Células Th17/imunologia , Animais , Citocinas/genética , Citocinas/imunologia , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Rim Cefálico/imunologia , Interleucina-23/metabolismo , Leucócitos/imunologia , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia
20.
Molecules ; 24(11)2019 Jun 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31167508

RESUMO

Dialysis-related amyloidosis (DRA), which has been widely recognized to be associated with the accumulation of ß2-microglobulin (ß2-m) in blood, is one of the most common complications in patients receiving long-term dialysis treatment. The most significant side-effect of existing hemodialysis sorbents for the removal of ß2-m from blood is the loss of vital proteins due to non-specific adsorptions. Although the traditional antibodies have the capability to specifically remove ß2-m from blood, high cost limits their applications in clinics. Single domain antibodies derived from the Camelidae species serve as a superior choice in the preparation of immunoadsorbents due to their small size, high stability, amenability, simplicity of expression in microbes, and high affinity to recognize and interact with ß2-m. In this study, we modified the anti-ß2-m VHH by the formylglycine-generating enzyme (FGE), and then directly immobilized the aldehyde-modified VHH to the amino-activated beads. Notably, the fabrication is cost- and time-effective, since all the preparation steps were performed in the crude cell extract without rigorous purification. The accordingly prepared immunoadsorbent with VHHs as ligands exhibited the high capacity of ß2-m (0.75 mg/mL). In conclusion, the VHH antibodies were successfully used as affinity ligands in the preparation of novel immunoadsorbents by the site-specific immobilization, and effectively adsorbed ß2-m from blood, therefore opening a new avenue for efficient hemodialysis.


Assuntos
Imunoadsorventes , Anticorpos de Domínio Único , Microglobulina beta-2 , Adsorção , Catálise , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Humanos , Imunoadsorventes/imunologia , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo Enxofre/genética , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo Enxofre/imunologia , Oxirredutases atuantes sobre Doadores de Grupo Enxofre/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/imunologia , Diálise Renal/métodos , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/genética , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/imunologia , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/metabolismo , Microglobulina beta-2/imunologia
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