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1.
J Biol Regul Homeost Agents ; 33(4): 1085-1095, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31389223

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of Allograft Inflammatory Factor 1 (AIF-1) on the regulation of proliferation of breast cancer cells. Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE), cell culture and counting, and mass spectrometry were performed. The biologically active high-purity recombinant protein rhAIF-1 was obtained by optimizing the rhAIF-1 protein purification system, and MDA-MB-231 and MDA-MB-361 breast cancer cell lines were used. After adding to the culture medium, rhAIF-1 was found to promote cell proliferation in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. The purified protein rhAIF-1 was marked with rhodamine and incubated with the cells. Confocal imaging analysis revealed that the foreign protein was localized in the cytoplasm, and rhAIF-1 was unevenly distributed in the cytoplasm. Although AIF-1 accumulates around the nucleus, it can not enter the nucleus, suggesting that other factors might be involved in the regulation of cell proliferation. In order to find the possible interacting protein of rhAIF-1, protein immunoprecipitation technique and mass spectrometry were employed, and it was indicated that ADAM28m was the possible interacting protein of rhAIF-1. The interaction between rhAIF-1 and ADAM28m was validated by immunoprecipitation along with Western blotting. It was found that rhAIF-1 could precipitate ADAM28m protein by immunoprecipitation. The results indicated that IF-1 participates in the development of breast cancer by interacting with ADAM28m and activating downstream signaling pathways. It was concluded that AIF-1 provides a new idea for the molecular mechanism of breast cancer cell proliferation and acts as a new target for the prevention and treatment of breast cancer in the future.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas ADAM/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
2.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(9): 135, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432264

RESUMO

The feather-degrading strain Thermoactinomyces sp. YT06 secretes an extracellular keratinolytic protease (KERTYT); however, the gene encoding this protease remains unknown. The kerT1 gene (1170 bp) encoding keratinase was cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli BL21(DE3). Purified recombinant keratinase (rKERTYT) was achieved at a yield of 39.16% and 65.27-fold purification with a specific activity of 1325 U/mg. It was shown that rKERTYT has many similarities to the native enzyme (KERTYT) by characterization of rKERTYT. The molecular weight of rKERTYT secreted by recombinant E. coli was approximately 28 kDa. The optimal temperature and the pH values of rKERTYT were 65 °C and 8.5, respectively, and the protein remained stable from 50 to 60 °C and pH 6-11. The keratinase was strongly inhibited by phenyl methane sulfonyl fluoride (PMSF), suggesting that it belongs to the serine protease family. It was significantly activated by Mn2+ and ß-mercaptoethanol (ß-Me). rKERTYT showed stability and retained over 80% activity with the existence of organic solvents such as acetone, methylbenzene and dimethyl sulfoxide. These findings indicated that rKERTYT will be a promising candidate for the enzymatic processing of keratinous wastes.


Assuntos
Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Thermoactinomyces/enzimologia , Ativadores de Enzimas/análise , Inibidores Enzimáticos/análise , Estabilidade Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Peso Molecular , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Thermoactinomyces/genética
3.
Gene ; 717: 144043, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31400407

RESUMO

Genes involved in the repair of DNA damage are emerging as playing important roles during the disease processes caused by pathogenic fungi. However, there are potentially hundreds of genes involved in DNA repair in a fungus and some of those genes can play additional roles within the cell. One such gene is RAD23, required for virulence of the human pathogenic fungus Cryptococcus neoformans, that encodes a protein involved in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) pathway. However, Rad23 is a dual function protein, with a role in either repair of damaged DNA or protein turn over by directing proteins to the proteasome. Here, these two functions of Rad23 were tested by the creation of a series of domain deletion alleles of RAD23 and the assessment of the strains for DNA repair, proteasome functions, and virulence properties. Deletion of the different domains was able to uncouple the two functions of Rad23, and the phenotypes of strains carrying such forms indicated that the role of RAD23 in virulence is due to its function in proteasomal-mediated protein degradation rather than NER.


Assuntos
Cryptococcus neoformans/genética , Cryptococcus neoformans/patogenicidade , Reparo do DNA/fisiologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/genética , Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/metabolismo , Larva/microbiologia , Mariposas/microbiologia , Mutação , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico/genética , Virulência
4.
Cell Physiol Biochem ; 53(2): 323-336, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31359737

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Vascular calcification represents a huge clinical problem contributing to adverse cardiovascular events, with no effective treatment currently available. Upregulation of hepatocyte growth factor has been linked with vascular calcification, and thus, represent a potential target in the development of a novel therapeutic strategy. Glycomimetics have been shown to interrupt HGF-receptor signalling, therefore this study investigated the effect of novel glycomimetics on osteogenic signalling and vascular calcification in vitro. METHODS: Primary human vascular smooth muscle cells (HVSMCs) were induced by ß-glycerophosphate (ß-GP) and treated with 4 glycomimetic compounds (C1-C4). The effect of ß-GP and C1-C4 on alkaline phosphatase (ALP), osteogenic markers and c-Met/Notch3/HES1 signalling was determined using colorimetric assays, qRT-PCR and western blotting respectively. RESULTS: C1-C4 significantly attenuated ß-GP-induced calcification, as shown by Alizarin Red S staining and calcium content by day 14. In addition, C1-C4 reduced ALP activity and prevented upregulation of the osteogenic markers, BMP-2, Runx2, Msx2 and OPN. Furthermore, ß-GP increased c-Met phosphorylation at day 21, an effect ameliorated by C2 and C4 and the c-Met inhibitor, crizotinib. We next interrogated the effects of the Notch inhibitor DAPT and confirmed an inhibition of ß-GP up-regulated Notch3 protein by C2, DAPT and crizotinib compared to controls. Hes-1 protein upregulation by ß-GP, was also significantly downregulated by C2 and DAPT. GOLD docking analysis identified a potential binding interaction of C1-C4 to HGF which will be investigated further. CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that glycomimetics have potent anti-calcification properties acting via HGF/c-Met and Notch signalling.


Assuntos
Músculo Liso Vascular/citologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-met/metabolismo , Receptor Notch3/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição HES-1/metabolismo , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo , Materiais Biomiméticos/farmacologia , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Subunidade alfa 1 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Glicerofosfatos/farmacologia , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
5.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 122, 2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31346836

RESUMO

To promote enzymatic unhairing for leather production, a new unhairing enzyme is developed. The Keratinase (kerT) gene, which is amplified from B. amyloliquefaciens TCCC11319 by PCR, is expressed in B. subtilis WB600. The recombinant KerT reduces the collagenolytic protease content as well as improving the keratinase content effectively. Therefore, the improved keratinase leads to the obviously unhairing effect, whereas the low collagenolytic protease ensures the integrity of collagen fibers in hide. It represents, the leather grain surface isn't destroyed thereby the value of finished leather can be maintained. In addition, by analyzing the properties of KerT, tits activity isn't inhibited with Na+, K+ and Ca2+ which are commonly used in leather production. The freeze-dried fermentation broth can be used directly as unhairing enzyme without addition of traditional sulfide chemicals. By evaluating the properties of unhaired hide, the results show that the collagen degradation ability of this new unhairing enzyme is slightly and it does not cause any adverse effects on the leather quality. Besides, this unhairing enzyme doesn't further degrade collagen in the time range of 8 h to 24 h, thus it is safely and easy-control in actual production. In conclusion, the enzymatic unhairing method with recombinant KerT has the potential to be more sustainable and efficient alternative than current sulphur-lime method, and it does not require the further purification thereby saving the cost.


Assuntos
Bacillus subtilis/enzimologia , Bacillus subtilis/genética , DNA Bacteriano/isolamento & purificação , Peptídeo Hidrolases/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Fragmentação do DNA , DNA Bacteriano/genética , Fermentação , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Genes Bacterianos , Peptídeo Hidrolases/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
6.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(7): 106, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267229

RESUMO

Xenorhabdus nematophila HB310 secreted the insecticidal protein toxin complex. Two chitinase genes, chi60 and chi70, were found in X. nematophila toxin complex locus. In order to clarify the function of two chitinases, chi60 and chi70 genes were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli Transetta (DE3). As a result, we found that the Chi60 and Chi70 belonged to glycoside hydrolases (GH) family 18 with a molecular mass of 65 kDa and 78 kDa, respectively. When colloidal chitin was treated as the substrate, Chi60 and Chi70 were proved to have the highest enzymatic activity at pH 6.0 and 50 °C. Chi60 and Chi70 had obvious growth inhibition effect against the second larvae of Helicoverpa armigera with growth inhibiting rate of 81.99% and 90.51%. Chi70 had synergistic effect with the insecticidal toxicity of Bt Cry 1Ac, but the Chi60 had no synergistic effect with Bt Cry 1Ac. Chi60 and Chi70 showed antifungal activity against Alternaria brassicicola, Verticillium dahliae and Coniothyrium diplodiella. The results increased our understanding of the chitinases produced by X. nematophila and laid a foundation for further studies on the mechanism of the chitinases.


Assuntos
Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Quitinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Quitinases/genética , Quitinases/metabolismo , Xenorhabdus/metabolismo , Alternaria/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Ascomicetos/efeitos dos fármacos , Quitina/metabolismo , Quitinases/classificação , Clonagem Molecular , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Ensaios Enzimáticos , Estabilidade Enzimática , Escherichia coli/genética , Expressão Gênica , Glicosídeo Hidrolases/genética , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Inseticidas/metabolismo , Inseticidas/farmacologia , Larva/efeitos dos fármacos , Larva/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peso Molecular , Mariposas/efeitos dos fármacos , Mariposas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Micotoxinas/genética , Micotoxinas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Temperatura Ambiente , Verticillium/efeitos dos fármacos , Xenorhabdus/genética
7.
Gene ; 712: 143945, 2019 Sep 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31279712

RESUMO

Reactive oxygen species, generated in all the aerobic organisms, can cause oxidative stress. Excessive ROS may become a source of carcinogen due to DNA damage, lipid peroxidation, cell injury, and cell death. In order to prevent these adverse effects of ROS, antioxidant enzymes have evolved in aerobic organisms. Catalase is a major antioxidant enzyme that breaks down excessive H2O2 and inhibits apoptotic cell death. Here we molecularly characterized catalase from red-lip mullet. The cDNA sequence of LhCAT consists of an ORF of 1545 bp, which encodes a 527 amino acid peptide (~60 kDa). Based on bioinformatics analysis, LhCAT possesses a domain architecture characteristic of catalases, including a catalase proximal active site signature and a catalase proximal heme-ligand signature. It also has heme and NADPH binding sites homologous to previously described catalases. Pairwise alignment with its homologs revealed that LhCAT shares 95.1% identity with Oplegnathus fasciatus catalase and 97.4% similarity with Sparus aurata catalase. An uprooted phylogenetic tree demonstrated that LhCAT resides in a clade with catalases from other teleosts and exhibits a close relationship with Oplegnathus fasciatus catalase. Among twelve tissue types, we observed the highest LhCAT mRNA expression in the liver, followed by blood. Immune challenge by Lactococcus garvieae, or Poly I:C in the blood or spleen resulted in up-regulation at 24 h post injection. We also tested the antioxidant activity of recombinant LhCAT against hydrogen peroxide and found its optimal concentration to be 12.5 µg/mL. Collectively, these data suggested that LhCAT play an important role in antioxidant defense and immune response of red-lip mullet.


Assuntos
Catalase/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Smegmamorpha , Adjuvantes Imunológicos , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Catalase/genética , DNA Complementar/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Enzimológica da Expressão Gênica , Heme/química , Peróxido de Hidrogênio/química , Sistema Imunitário , Ligantes , Fígado/enzimologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Filogenia , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima
8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2493, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31175300

RESUMO

Tauopathies are neurodegenerative diseases characterized by intracellular amyloid deposits of tau protein. Missense mutations in the tau gene (MAPT) correlate with aggregation propensity and cause dominantly inherited tauopathies, but their biophysical mechanism driving amyloid formation is poorly understood. Many disease-associated mutations localize within tau's repeat domain at inter-repeat interfaces proximal to amyloidogenic sequences, such as 306VQIVYK311. We use cross-linking mass spectrometry, recombinant protein and synthetic peptide systems, in silico modeling, and cell models to conclude that the aggregation-prone 306VQIVYK311 motif forms metastable compact structures with its upstream sequence that modulates aggregation propensity. We report that disease-associated mutations, isomerization of a critical proline, or alternative splicing are all sufficient to destabilize this local structure and trigger spontaneous aggregation. These findings provide a biophysical framework to explain the basis of early conformational changes that may underlie genetic and sporadic tau pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/genética , Tauopatias/genética , Proteínas tau/genética , Motivos de Aminoácidos/genética , Simulação por Computador , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massas , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Agregação Patológica de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/ultraestrutura , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Proteínas tau/ultraestrutura
9.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2745, 2019 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227705

RESUMO

Small molecule probes are indispensable tools to explore diverse cellular events. However, finding a specific probe of a target remains a high challenge. Here we report the discovery of Fast-TRFS, a specific and superfast fluorogenic probe of mammalian thioredoxin reductase, a ubiquitous enzyme involved in regulation of diverse cellular redox signaling pathways. By systematically examining the processes of fluorophore release and reduction of cyclic disulfides/diselenides by the enzyme, structural factors that determine the response rate and specificity of the probe are disclosed. Mechanistic studies reveal that the fluorescence signal is switched on by a simple reduction of the disulfide bond within the probe, which is in stark contrast to the sensing mechanism of published probes. The favorable properties of Fast-TRFS enable development of a high-throughput screening assay to discover inhibitors of thioredoxin reductase by using crude tissue extracts as a source of the enzyme.


Assuntos
Descoberta de Drogas/métodos , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Imagem Molecular/métodos , Sondas Moleculares/química , Tiorredoxina Redutase 1/metabolismo , Animais , Produtos Biológicos/farmacologia , Misturas Complexas , Dissulfetos/química , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Células HeLa , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Microscopia Intravital/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Sondas Moleculares/metabolismo , Oxirredução , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato , Tiorredoxina Redutase 1/antagonistas & inibidores , Tiorredoxina Redutase 1/genética
10.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2747, 2019 06 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31227715

RESUMO

Many intracellular bacteria, including Chlamydia, establish a parasitic membrane-bound organelle inside the host cell that is essential for the bacteria's survival. Chlamydia trachomatis forms inclusions that are decorated with poorly characterized membrane proteins known as Incs. The prototypical Inc, called IncA, enhances Chlamydia pathogenicity by promoting the homotypic fusion of inclusions and shares structural and functional similarity to eukaryotic SNAREs. Here, we present the atomic structure of the cytoplasmic domain of IncA, which reveals a non-canonical four-helix bundle. Structure-based mutagenesis, molecular dynamics simulation, and functional cellular assays identify an intramolecular clamp that is essential for IncA-mediated homotypic membrane fusion during infection.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/ultraestrutura , Infecções por Chlamydia/microbiologia , Chlamydia trachomatis/patogenicidade , Corpos de Inclusão/microbiologia , Fusão de Membrana , Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Chlamydia trachomatis/genética , Chlamydia trachomatis/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células HeLa , Humanos , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Mutagênese , Conformação Proteica em alfa-Hélice , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/ultraestrutura , Proteínas SNARE/química
11.
Biochemistry (Mosc) ; 84(6): 672-685, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31238867

RESUMO

Mature pore-forming OmpF protein from the outer membrane of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis was expressed in Escherichia coli in the form of inclusion bodies (IBs) under different cultivation conditions. The properties and structural organization of the IBs as well as the structure of the recombinant porin (rOmpF) solubilized from the IBs were investigated using electron microscopy, dynamic light scattering, optical spectroscopy, and specific hydrophobic dyes. The size, shape, and stability of the IBs under denaturing solutions were determined. It was found that the IBs were readily soluble in SDS and more resistant to urea. Dissolution of the IBs in both denaturing agents led to formation of a heterogeneous in size population of oligomeric particles. The IBs contained an intermediate form of the rOmpF with native-like secondary structure and elements of tertiary structure, which was able to penetrate a lipid bilayer and adopt a functionally active conformation. There were no significant differences in the properties and structure between the examined IBs formed at different concentrations of the inducer (IPTG). However, the content of amyloids in the IBs increased with increasing concentration of the inducer. These results contribute to the development of new approaches for the production of active proteins from IBs, as well as biologically and functionally active IBs.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/metabolismo , Corpos de Inclusão/metabolismo , Porinas/metabolismo , Yersinia pseudotuberculosis/metabolismo , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/química , Dicroísmo Circular , Eletroforese em Gel de Poliacrilamida , Temperatura Alta , Microscopia Eletrônica de Varredura , Porinas/química , Conformação Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Solubilidade , Espectrometria de Fluorescência , Espectrofotometria Ultravioleta
12.
Food Chem ; 295: 563-568, 2019 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31174796

RESUMO

Enzyme specificity and particularity is needed not only in enzymatic separation methods, but also in enzymatic determination methods for plant compound extraction. Stevioside, rubusoside, and rebaudioside A are natural sweet compounds from plants. These compounds have the same skeleton and only contain different side-chain glucosyl groups, making them difficult to separate. However, enzymes that target diterpenoid compounds and show specific activity for side-chain glucosyl groups are rare. Herein, we report the identification and characterization of an enzyme that can target both diterpenoid compounds and sophorose, namely, ß-glucosidase SPBGL1 from Sphingomonas elodea ATCC 31461. SPBGL1 displayed high specificity toward sophorose, and activity toward stevioside, but not rebaudioside A. The stevioside conversion rate was 98%. SPBGL1 also operated at high substrate concentrations, such as in 50% crude steviol glycoside extract. Glucose liberated from stevioside was easy to quantify using the glucose oxidase method, allowing the stevioside content to be determined.


Assuntos
Diterpenos de Caurano/metabolismo , Glucosídeos/metabolismo , Sphingomonas/enzimologia , beta-Glucosidase/metabolismo , Hidrólise , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Especificidade por Substrato , beta-Glucosidase/genética
13.
Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao ; 35(5): 827-836, 2019 May 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31223001

RESUMO

Exonuclease Ⅷ (Exo Ⅷ), an ATP-independent dsDNA 5'-3' exonuclease, is a candidate protein with great application value for in vitro DNA recombination. However, the application of Exo Ⅷ in DNA recombination in vitro has not been reported. In this study, the recombinant expression vector of the truncated Exo Ⅷ (tExo Ⅷ) with the full exonuclease activity was built and used to achieve the overexpression of tExo Ⅷ in Escherichia coli. Based on the purified tExo Ⅷ protein with high-purity, the feasibility of tExo Ⅷ applied in vitro DNA recombination and effects of the reaction temperatures, reaction duration, and homology arm lengths were examined. The results showed that tExo Ⅷ was highly expressed in soluble form in E. coli. One liter of bacterial culture yielded 92.40 mg of purified tExo Ⅷ with the specific activity of 1.21×105 U/mg. In a 10 µL recombination system containing 2.5 U tExo Ⅷ, the highest cloning efficiency was achieved in a reaction at 25 °C for 12.5 min and followed by incubation at 50 °C for 50 min. With addition of Pfu DNA polymerase, the homology arm extension strategy can effectively improve the recombination efficiency. Using competent E. coli Mach1 T1 with 2.2×106 cfu/µg transformation efficiency as recipient cell, the recombination of a 1 kb fragment with a 21 bp homology arm and a 5.8 kb linearized vector can form about 1.1×104 recombinant clones per µg vector, and the positive rates was over 80%. The recombination efficiency was increased with the increasing length of homology arm ranged from 8 to 21 bp. Under the optimal reaction condition, only 8 bp homology arm can still achieve valid DNA recombination. This novel in vitro DNA recombination system mediated by tExo Ⅷ was particularly characterized by its easy preparation, no limitation on restriction sites and high recombination cloning efficiency. All results revealed that the new efficient gene cloning system has potential application in the field of molecular biology.


Assuntos
Exonucleases , Proteínas Recombinantes , Recombinação Genética , Clonagem Molecular , Escherichia coli/genética , Exonucleases/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
14.
Phytochemistry ; 165: 112050, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31252202

RESUMO

In higher plants, asparagine-linked oligosaccharides (N-glycans) in glycoproteins carry unique carbohydrate epitopes, namely, a core α1,3-fucose and/or a ß1,2-xylose, which are common determinants responsible for the cross-reactivity of plant glycoproteins due to their strong immunogenicity. While these determinants and the relevant genes have been well characterized for herbaceous plants, information concerning whether many food plants cross-react with airborne pollens is not available. In this paper, we report on the characterization of a novel core α1,3-fucosyltransferase gene identified from Mangifera indica L., one of the major plants potentially related to food allergy. Based on sequence information of plant homologues, we amplified a candidate cDNA (MiFUT11) from pericarp tissue. An in vitro assay demonstrated that the recombinant MiFUT11 protein transfers a fucose unit onto both non-fucosylated and core α1,6-fucosylated oligosaccharides. A glycoform analysis using MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry showed that the introduction of the MiFUT11 cDNA increased the production of a core α1,3- and α1,6-fucosylated pauci-mannosidic oligosaccharide in Spodoptera Sf21 cells. Our findings suggest that MiFUT11 is a functional core α1,3-fucosyltransferase gene that is involved in the assembly of cross-reactive N-glycans in mango fruit.


Assuntos
Carboidratos/biossíntese , Frutas/química , Fucosiltransferases/metabolismo , Mangifera/enzimologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Carboidratos/genética , Carboidratos/imunologia , Frutas/imunologia , Frutas/metabolismo , Fucosiltransferases/química , Fucosiltransferases/genética , Mangifera/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência
15.
J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 29(6): 839-844, 2019 Jun 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31154751

RESUMO

Anthranilate derivatives have been used as flavoring and fragrant agents for a long time. Recently, these compounds are gaining attention due to new biological functions including antinociceptive and analgesic activities. Three anthranilate derivatives, N-methylanthranilate, methyl anthranilate, and methyl N-methylanthranilate were synthesized using metabolically engineered stains of Escherichia coli. NMT encoding N-methyltransferase from Ruta graveolens, AMAT encoding anthraniloyl-coenzyme A (CoA):methanol acyltransferase from Vitis labrusca, and pqsA encoding anthranilate coenzyme A ligase from Pseudomonas aeruginosa were cloned and E. coli strains harboring these genes were used to synthesize the three desired compounds. E. coli mutants (metJ, trpD, tyrR mutants), which provide more anthranilate and/or S-adenosyl methionine, were used to increase the production of the synthesized compounds. MS/MS analysis was used to determine the structure of the products. Approximately, 185.3 µM N-methylanthranilate and 95.2 µM methyl N-methylanthranilate were synthesized. This is the first report about the synthesis of anthranilate derivatives in E. coli.


Assuntos
Escherichia coli/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , ortoaminobenzoatos/metabolismo , Vias Biossintéticas , Coenzima A Ligases/genética , Coenzima A Ligases/metabolismo , Coenzima A-Transferases/genética , Coenzima A-Transferases/metabolismo , Escherichia coli/enzimologia , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Engenharia Metabólica , Metiltransferases/genética , Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Mutação , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/enzimologia , Pseudomonas aeruginosa/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Ruta/enzimologia , Ruta/genética , Vitis/enzimologia , Vitis/genética , ortoaminobenzoatos/química
16.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2685, 2019 06 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31213605

RESUMO

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) affects 1 in 500 people and leads to hyper-contractility of the heart. Nearly 40 percent of HCM-causing mutations are found in human ß-cardiac myosin. Previous studies looking at the effect of HCM mutations on the force, velocity and ATPase activity of the catalytic domain of human ß-cardiac myosin have not shown clear trends leading to hypercontractility at the molecular scale. Here we present functional data showing that four separate HCM mutations located at the myosin head-tail (R249Q, H251N) and head-head (D382Y, R719W) interfaces of a folded-back sequestered state referred to as the interacting heads motif (IHM) lead to a significant increase in the number of heads functionally accessible for interaction with actin. These results provide evidence that HCM mutations can modulate myosin activity by disrupting intramolecular interactions within the proposed sequestered state, which could lead to hypercontractility at the molecular level.


Assuntos
Miosinas Cardíacas/metabolismo , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/genética , Cardiomiopatia Hipertrófica/fisiopatologia , Contração Miocárdica/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Actinas/metabolismo , Animais , Miosinas Cardíacas/genética , Linhagem Celular , Movimento Celular/genética , Coração/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Camundongos , Mutação , Mioblastos , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2636, 2019 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201318

RESUMO

The leading cause of cystic fibrosis (CF) is the deletion of phenylalanine 508 (F508del) in the first nucleotide-binding domain (NBD1) of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR). The mutation affects the thermodynamic stability of the domain and the integrity of the interface between NBD1 and the transmembrane domain leading to its clearance by the quality control system. Here, we develop nanobodies targeting NBD1 of human CFTR and demonstrate their ability to stabilize both isolated NBD1 and full-length protein. Crystal structures of NBD1-nanobody complexes provide an atomic description of the epitopes and reveal the molecular basis for stabilization. Furthermore, our data uncover a conformation of CFTR, involving detachment of NBD1 from the transmembrane domain, which contrast with the compact assembly observed in cryo-EM structures. This unexpected interface rearrangement is likely to have major relevance for CF pathogenesis but also for the normal function of CFTR and other ABC proteins.


Assuntos
Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/genética , Fibrose Cística/genética , Modelos Moleculares , Cristalografia por Raios X , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/isolamento & purificação , Regulador de Condutância Transmembrana em Fibrose Cística/metabolismo , Humanos , Dobramento de Proteína , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas/genética , Estabilidade Proteica , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Deleção de Sequência , Anticorpos de Domínio Único/metabolismo
18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2641, 2019 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201325

RESUMO

Epsilon toxin (Etx), a potent pore forming toxin (PFT) produced by Clostridium perfringens, is responsible for the pathogenesis of enterotoxaemia of ruminants and has been suggested to play a role in multiple sclerosis in humans. Etx is a member of the aerolysin family of ß-PFTs (aß-PFTs). While the Etx soluble monomer structure was solved in 2004, Etx pore structure has remained elusive due to the difficulty of isolating the pore complex. Here we show the cryo-electron microscopy structure of Etx pore assembled on the membrane of susceptible cells. The pore structure explains important mutant phenotypes and suggests that the double ß-barrel, a common feature of the aß-PFTs, may be an important structural element in driving efficient pore formation. These insights provide the framework for the development of novel therapeutics to prevent human and animal infections, and are relevant for nano-biotechnology applications.


Assuntos
Toxinas Bacterianas/química , Clostridium perfringens/ultraestrutura , Animais , Toxinas Bacterianas/genética , Toxinas Bacterianas/isolamento & purificação , Toxinas Bacterianas/metabolismo , Biotecnologia/métodos , Linhagem Celular , Infecções por Clostridium/microbiologia , Infecções por Clostridium/prevenção & controle , Clostridium perfringens/genética , Clostridium perfringens/metabolismo , Clostridium perfringens/patogenicidade , Microscopia Crioeletrônica , Cães , Enterotoxemia/microbiologia , Enterotoxemia/prevenção & controle , Modelos Moleculares , Mutagênese Sítio-Dirigida , Nanotecnologia/métodos , Conformação Proteica em Folha beta/genética , Multimerização Proteica/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo
19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2649, 2019 06 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201333

RESUMO

In human and other mammalian cells, transport of L-lactate across plasma membranes is mainly catalyzed by monocarboxylate transporters (MCTs) of the SLC16 solute carrier family. MCTs play an important role in cancer metabolism and are promising targets for tumor treatment. Here, we report the crystal structures of an SLC16 family homologue with two different bound ligands at 2.54 and 2.69 Å resolution. The structures show the transporter in the pharmacologically relevant outward-open conformation. Structural information together with a detailed structure-based analysis of the transport function provide important insights into the molecular working mechanisms of ligand binding and L-lactate transport.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/química , Ácido Láctico/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ácidos Monocarboxílicos/química , Proteínas de Bactérias/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Cristalografia por Raios X , Transporte de Íons/fisiologia , Ligantes , Transportadores de Ácidos Monocarboxílicos/isolamento & purificação , Transportadores de Ácidos Monocarboxílicos/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/química , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Estrutura Terciária de Proteína , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Simportadores/química
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2693, 2019 06 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31217419

RESUMO

The kinesin-3 KIF1C is a fast organelle transporter implicated in the transport of dense core vesicles in neurons and the delivery of integrins to cell adhesions. Here we report the mechanisms of autoinhibition and release that control the activity of KIF1C. We show that the microtubule binding surface of KIF1C motor domain interacts with its stalk and that these autoinhibitory interactions are released upon binding of protein tyrosine phosphatase PTPN21. The FERM domain of PTPN21 stimulates dense core vesicle transport in primary hippocampal neurons and rescues integrin trafficking in KIF1C-depleted cells. In vitro, human full-length KIF1C is a processive, plus-end directed motor. Its landing rate onto microtubules increases in the presence of either PTPN21 FERM domain or the cargo adapter Hook3 that binds the same region of KIF1C tail. This autoinhibition release mechanism allows cargo-activated transport and might enable motors to participate in bidirectional cargo transport without undertaking a tug-of-war.


Assuntos
Cinesina/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases não Receptoras/metabolismo , Animais , Transporte Biológico , Linhagem Celular , Vesículas Citoplasmáticas/metabolismo , Hipocampo/citologia , Humanos , Integrinas/metabolismo , Microscopia Intravital/métodos , Cinesina/genética , Cinesina/isolamento & purificação , Camundongos , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/isolamento & purificação , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Neurônios/citologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases não Receptoras/genética , Proteínas Tirosina Fosfatases não Receptoras/isolamento & purificação , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Ratos , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/isolamento & purificação , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Imagem Individual de Molécula/métodos
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