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1.
Toxicol Lett ; 320: 58-63, 2020 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31805342

RESUMO

The current study uses the metabolic probe, antipyrine, and AhRR transcript expression (qRT-PCR) to examine the impact of the AhRR (565C > G or Pro185Ala, rs2292596) genetic polymorphism upon CYP1A2 inducibility in an established cohort of male firefighters with exposure to dioxin-like chemicals. The lipid adjusted concentrations of 29 dioxin and dioxin-like congeners were measured in serum. Possession of the G allele (CG and GG genotypes) was correlated with high expression AhRR transcript and lower CYP1A2 induction than found in individuals homozygous for CC. The induction of CYP1A2 was dioxin-dependent among carriers of the G allele. Multivariate models indicated that CYP1A2 activity, detected as urinary 3-hydroxymethylantipyrine, was significantly correlated with cotinine concentration and for those currently working as firefighters, dioxin body burden (ß = 0.54, p = 0.041). The efficacy of the AhRR in regulating the AhR signaling pathway is influenced by the AhRR (565C > G) polymorphism. Our study of firefighters using the induction of CYP1A2 as an indicator suggest that G allele proteins have variable AhR repressor activity which is manifested in a dioxin-dependent manner. These results provide evidence of metabolic differences that may affect susceptibility to dioxin-mediated health effects.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Indutores do Citocromo P-450 CYP1A2/efeitos adversos , Citocromo P-450 CYP1A2/biossíntese , Dioxinas/efeitos adversos , Bombeiros , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Polimorfismo Genético , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Antipirina/análogos & derivados , Antipirina/urina , Indução Enzimática , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo
2.
Cancer Sci ; 111(1): 148-159, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31733123

RESUMO

The majority of breast cancers are primarily hormone-sensitive and can be managed by endocrine therapy, although therapy-resistant or hormone-refractory cancers need alternative treatments. Recently, increasing attention is being paid to RNA-binding proteins (RBP) in cancer pathophysiology. The precise role of RBP in breast cancer, however, remains to be clarified. We herein show that an RBP non-POU domain-containing octamer binding (NONO) plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of breast cancers regardless of their hormone dependency. Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study of 127 breast cancer cases showed that NONO is a significant independent prognostic factor for breast cancer patients. Notably, siRNA-mediated NONO knockdown substantially repressed the proliferation of both hormone-sensitive MCF-7 and hormone-refractory MB-MDA-231 breast cancer cells. Integrative analysis combined with expression microarray and RIP-sequencing (RNA immunoprecipitation-sequencing) showed that NONO post-transcriptionally regulates the expression of cell proliferation-related genes by binding to their mRNAs, as exemplified by S-phase-associated kinase 2 and E2F transcription factor 8. Overall, these results suggest that NONO is a key regulator for breast cancer proliferation through the pre-mRNA splicing of cell proliferation-related genes and could be a potential new diagnostic and therapeutic target for advanced disease.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Processamento Pós-Transcricional do RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Quinases Associadas a Fase S/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação/métodos , Células MCF-7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética
3.
4.
Phys Chem Chem Phys ; 22(3): 1511-1524, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872826

RESUMO

The transcriptional regulator TtgR belongs to the TetR family of transcriptional repressors. It depresses the transcription of the TtgABC operon and itself and thus regulates the extrusion of noxious chemicals with efflux pumps in bacterial cells. As the ligand-binding domain of TtgR is rather flexible, it can bind with a number of structurally diverse ligands, such as antibiotics, flavonoids and aromatic solvents. In the current work, we perform equilibrium and nonequilibrium alchemical free energy simulation to predict the binding affinities of a series of ligands targeting the TtgR protein and an agreement between the theoretical prediction and the experimental result is observed. End-point methods MM/PBSA and MM/GBSA are also employed for comparison. We further study the interaction maps and contacts between the protein and the ligand and identify important interactions in the protein-ligand binding cases. The dynamics fluctuation and secondary structures are also investigated. The current work sheds light on atomic and thermodynamic understanding of the TtgR-ligand interactions.


Assuntos
Modelos Teóricos , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Termodinâmica , Simulação por Computador , Ligantes , Ligação Proteica
6.
Toxicol Lett ; 321: 131-137, 2020 Mar 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31877331

RESUMO

Prior exposures to chemicals/agents may alter epigenome in such a way that subsequent exposure to the same or different xenobiotic would produce different responses. Understanding the mechanism for this "priming" effect is of clinical significance in avoiding adverse drug-drug interactions. Here we reported a dramatic priming effect of dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) on pregnane X receptor (PXR)-mediated gene regulations and analyzed the underpinning epigenetic mechanism. We showed that DMSO (1.25-2.5 %) pretreatment has a profound effect in enhancing the expression of PXR target genes. This priming effect persisted up to 48 h. Mechanistically, DMSO pretreatment reduced H4K12 acetylation and therefore enhanced the subsequent rifampicin stimulated histone H4R3 methylation on the regulatory region of PXR target gene CYP3A4. We showed that protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1), which methylates H4R3, was important for priming by DMSO. Inhibition of methyltransferase by the pharmacological inhibitor adenosine dialehyde (AdoX), or RNAi knockdown of PRMT1, abolished the DMSO priming effects. On the other hand, Trichostation A (TSA) pretreatment, which increases histone acetylation and therefore suppresses H4R3 methylation, also abolished the DMSO priming effects. Based on the above observation, we proposed a model of sequential order of histone methylation and acetylation on the transcription "relay".


Assuntos
Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina/efeitos dos fármacos , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Dimetil Sulfóxido/toxicidade , Epigênese Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Hepatócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Histonas/metabolismo , Receptor de Pregnano X/agonistas , Acetilação , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/genética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/metabolismo , Células Hep G2 , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Hepatócitos/patologia , Humanos , Metilação , Receptor de Pregnano X/genética , Receptor de Pregnano X/metabolismo , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Life Sci ; 242: 117229, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31887298

RESUMO

AIMS: Neutrophil elastase (NE) is a critical proteolytic enzyme that is involved in cancer. We previously reported high NE expression in peripheral blood neutrophils from acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) patients. The present study aimed to elucidate the specific role and mechanisms of NE in APL development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: NE expression was detected in APL bone marrow samples and analyzed in the BloodSpot database. CCK-8 assay and flow cytometry were used to assess cell proliferation and cell cycle distribution, respectively. The expression levels of proliferation and differentiation markers were measured by Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR. The co-expression and interaction of NE and p200 cut-like homeobox 1 (CUX1) were evaluated by indirect immunofluorescence, co-immunoprecipitation, and in situ proximity ligation assay. KEY FINDINGS: NE was highly expressed in APL bone marrow and blood neutrophils. NE overexpression promoted the proliferation and inhibited the differentiation of NB4 cells, whereas NE downregulation achieved the opposite results in U937 cells. Mechanistically, NE interacted with and effectively hydrolyzed the tumor suppressor p200 CUX1. Rescue experiments revealed that p200 CUX1 upregulation reversed the functional influence of NE on APL cells. SIGNIFICANCE: NE-mediated proteolysis of the tumor suppressor p200 CUX1 promotes APL progression. NE/p200 CUX1 axis is a novel and promising therapeutic target for APL treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/enzimologia , Elastase de Leucócito/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Western Blotting , Diferenciação Celular/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/fisiologia , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Técnica Indireta de Fluorescência para Anticorpo , Células HL-60 , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/fisiologia , Humanos , Imunoprecipitação , Leucemia Promielocítica Aguda/metabolismo , Elastase de Leucócito/fisiologia , Masculino , Proteólise , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa , Sincalida/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/fisiologia , Células U937
8.
Life Sci ; 242: 117177, 2020 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31870774

RESUMO

AIMS: In the present research, we aimed to investigate the effect of Bcl-2-associated transcription factor 1 (BCLAF1) on hepatocellular carcinoma and further explore the special molecular mechanism. MAIN METHODS: The expression of BCLAF1 was analyzed in tumor tissues and different hepatocellular cancer cell lines by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot. Cell proliferation and invasion was explored using MTT and Transwell assay respectively. In addition, luciferase reporter assay was performed to determine the binding activity of BCLAF1 and Nuclear enrichment-rich transcription factor 1 (NEAT1) promoter. Finally, the IC50 for 5-Fluorouracil (5-Fu) was measured by MTT assay, and Western blot was used to determine the expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multidrug resistance protein1 (MRP1). KEY FINDING: The result revealed that BCLAF1 was highly expressed in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues and cells. In addition, BCLAF1-siRNA inhibited the proliferation and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma cells, and overexpression of BCLAF1 promoted proliferation and invasion. Furthermore, luciferase reporter assay demonstrated that BCLAF1 directly interact with lncNEAT1 promoter and improved NEAT1 expression, and BCLAF1 promoted proliferation and invasion through targeting lncRNA NEAT1. What's more, BCLAF1 promoted 5-Fu resistance and the expression of P-gp and MRP1 in hepatocellular carcinoma cells by targeting NEAT1. SIGNIFICANCE: The results of the present study suggested that BCLAF1 might be a new gene related to proliferation and drug-resistance of hepatocellular carcinoma. In the future, the search for a deep and reasonable mechanism for the role of BCLAF1 will help us to understand its function more comprehensively, and finally find a new method for the treatment of human cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Adulto , Western Blotting , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Imunoprecipitação da Cromatina , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , RNA Longo não Codificante/fisiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/fisiologia
9.
Int J Radiat Oncol Biol Phys ; 106(1): 218-219, 2020 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31836084
10.
Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 35(11): 1000-1007, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31878996

RESUMO

Objective To screen a standard homogenous cDNA library of human gastric mucosal epithelium with yeast two-hybrid system and find the proteins that interact with Src-homology 2-containing inositol 5-phosphatase 2 (SHIP2). Methods Using the yeast two-hybrid system, P1 (SH2+5-Ptase) and P2 (PRD+SAM) segments of SHIP2 were used as bait proteins to screen the proteins that bind to SHIP2 from the homogenous cDNA library of human gastric mucosal epithelium. The selected interacting proteins of SHIP2 were verified by co-immunoprecipitation assay. Results A total of 39 positive clones were selected and sequenced for alignment analysis. It was verified that PHB interacted with SHIP2 by reductive hybridization and co-immunoprecipitation assays. Conclusion PHB, the interacting protein of SHIP2 was screened by yeast two-hybrid system from the homogenous cDNA library of human gastric mucosal epithelium.


Assuntos
Epitélio/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Fosfatidilinositol-3,4,5-Trifosfato 5-Fosfatases/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Biblioteca Gênica , Humanos , Inositol Polifosfato 5-Fosfatases , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
11.
Virchows Arch ; 475(6): 771-779, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31686194

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to review the histopathological, phenotypic, and molecular characteristics of pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) and to assess the diagnostic value of novel immunohistochemical markers in distinguishing PTFL from follicular hyperplasia (FH). A total of 13 nodal PTFLs were investigated using immunohistochemistry, fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), and PCR and were compared with a further 20 reactive lymph nodes showing FH. Morphologically, PTFL cases exhibited a follicular growth pattern with irregular lymphoid follicles in which the germinal centers were composed of numerous blastoid cells showing a starry-sky appearance. Immunohistochemistry highlighted preserved CD10 (13/13) and BCL6 (13/13) staining, CD20 (13/13) positivity, a K light chain predominance (7/13), and partial BCL2 expression in 6/13 cases (using antibodies 124, E17, and SP66). The germinal center (GC)-associated markers stathmin and LLT-1 were positive in most of the cases (12/13 and 12/13, respectively). Interestingly, FOXP-1 was uniformly positive in PTFL (12/13 cases) in contrast to reactive GCs in FH, where only a few isolated positive cells were observed. FISH revealed no evidence of BCL2, BCL6, or MYC rearrangements in the examined cases. By PCR, clonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangements were detected in 100% of the tested PTFL cases. Our study confirmed the unique morphological and immunophenotypic features of PTFL and suggests that FOXP-1 can represent a novel useful diagnostic marker in the differential diagnosis between PTFL and FH.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Forkhead/metabolismo , Linfoma de Células B/patologia , Linfoma Folicular/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Linfoma de Células B/diagnóstico , Linfoma de Células B/metabolismo , Linfoma Folicular/diagnóstico , Masculino , Estatmina/metabolismo , Adulto Jovem
12.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6273-6282, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704857

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We have yet to understand why JAK2-positive myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN) patients manifest different phenotypes despite harboring JAK2 mutations and what drives secondary transformations. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Using targeted sequencing, we analyzed mutational status of 17 polycythemia vera (PV), 16 essential thrombocythemia (ET), 8 primary myelofibrosis (PMF) patients who tested positive for JAK by polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: The somatic mutations in JAK2 influence the clinical behavior of the disease. We found that ASXL1 or EZH2 mutation acquisition after JAK2 leads to PV, while ASXL1 mutation acquisition before JAK2 leads to ET or PMF. Mutations in TP53, ASXL1, and splicing genes are associated with the prognosis of MPN. PMF was more frequently associated with splicing mutations, while PV was more closely related to mutations in chromatin modifiers. The presence of these mutations influenced hemogram at MPN diagnosis. CONCLUSION: Each subtype of MPN harbors distinct patterns of somatic mutations and acquisition order, while mutations in TP53, ASXL1, and splicing genes may be associated with the prognosis of MPN.


Assuntos
Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste/genética , Genes p53 , Janus Quinase 2/genética , Mutação , Policitemia Vera/genética , Mielofibrose Primária/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Trombocitemia Essencial/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fenótipo , Prognóstico , Processamento de RNA
13.
Biochim Biophys Acta Gene Regul Mech ; 1862(10): 194442, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31634638

RESUMO

MyoD is a determining transcription factor involved in myogenic cell differentiation. Post translational modifications of MyoD, including phosphorylation and acetylation, can regulate its transcription activity. Inhibition of protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) leads to insufficient muscle differentiation. However, little is known about arginine methylation in regulating MyoD activity. Here, we demonstrated that MyoD interacts with PRMT1 via its bHLH domain. MyoD could be methylated by PRMT1 at R121. Moreover, R111 and R121 of MyoD are responsible for MyoD-mediated myogenin gene transcription in C2C12 cells. PRMT1 promotes MyoD-mediated myogenin expression, for which the enzymatic activity of PRMT1 is needed. The arginine methylation of MyoD by PRMT1 enhances its DNA binding activity and transactivation. Our data help to further clarify the molecular mechanism of PRMT1 in regulating muscle cell differentiation and provide a new therapeutic target for diseases caused by the abnormal differentiation of muscle cells.


Assuntos
Proteína MyoD/genética , Miogenina/genética , Proteína-Arginina N-Metiltransferases/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Transcrição Genética , Arginina/genética , Diferenciação Celular/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Metilação , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/genética
15.
Sichuan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 50(4): 520-526, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of nuclear receptor Rev-erbß knockout on proliferation and migration ability of human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line HepG2. METHODS: -The Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line was abtained by CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing technique with specific DNA modification of the target gene. The Rev-erbß gene targeting vectors were co-transfected into HepG2 cells. Through cloning and screening, the Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line was constructed, PCR, sequencing and Western blot methods were carried out for the identification of the Rev-erbß gene knockout HepG2 cell line. The expression level of tumor migration and invasion-associated gene in Rev-erbß gene knockout cell was determined by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and was compared with normal cell as control.MTT, cell scratch and Transwell experiments were conducted in order to explore the effect of Rev-erbß gene on HepG2 cell's ability of proliferation, migration and invasion. RESULTS: A Rev-erbß gene knockout monoclonal cell line, which was identified by PCR, sequencing and Western blot, was successfully constructed and named HepG2 C5 (Rev-erbß -/-). qRT-PCR results showed that Rev-erbß knockout resulted in up-regulation of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP2), matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) and extracellular matrix protein-1 (ECM1) gene expression (P < 0.05) and down-regulation of E-cadherin (CDH1) gene expression (P=0.05).Results of MTT, cell scratch and transwell experiments showed that HepG2 C5 had stronger proliferation, migration and invasion ability than control cells (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Rev-erbß gene knockout could change the expression of migration and adhesion-associated genes in HepG2 cell, and then affect the proliferation, migration and invasion ability of HepG2 cells.


Assuntos
Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Invasividade Neoplásica , Receptores Citoplasmáticos e Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Metaloproteinase 2 da Matriz/metabolismo , Metaloproteinase 9 da Matriz/metabolismo
16.
Se Pu ; 37(8): 887-896, 2019 Aug 08.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31642260

RESUMO

Speckle type BTB/POZ protein (SPOP) is one of the most frequently mutated protein in prostate cancer. In this study, proteomics and metabolomics were integrated to study the effects of SPOP mutation on metabolism. First, LNCaP control (CON), SPOP wild-type (SPOP_WT), and SPOP mutation (SPOP_Y87N and SPOP_F133L) cells were subjected to a metabolomics study. The metabolomics data of LNCaP CON, SPOP_WT, SPOP_Y87N, and SPOP_F133L cells were evaluated by partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Four groups could be clearly differentiated with an explanation ability of R2X=0.512, R2Y=0.616 and predictive ability of Q2=0.475. Totally, 36 differential metabolites were defined with variable importance for the projection (VIP) value > 1. Then, the 36 metabolites were subjected to one-way ANOVA analysis. Fumaric acid, malic acid, citric acid, aspartic acid, and asparagine were increased in LNCaP SPOP mutation cells compared to that in LNCaP SPOP_WT cells. Using a proteomics study, 909 differential proteins were found in LNCaP SPOP_Y87N and SPOP_F133L cells. MetaboAnalyst 3.0 was used to enrich metabolic pathways by using differential metabolites. KOBAS 3.0 was used to enrich metabolic pathways by using differential proteins. Both metabolomics and proteomics analysis showed that the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and aminoacyl-tRNA biosynthesis were significantly changed. To validate these findings, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS)-based metabolomics was performed in Du145 SPOP knock-out cells. The results indicated that the TCA cycle was activated in Du145 SPOP knock-out cells. Collectively, this study found that SPOP mutation significantly promoted TCA cycle in prostate cancer cells.


Assuntos
Domínio BTB-POZ , Metabolômica , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Proteômica , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclo do Ácido Cítrico , Humanos , Masculino , Redes e Vias Metabólicas , Mutação
17.
Nat Genet ; 51(11): 1580-1587, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659325

RESUMO

Aortic calcification is an important independent predictor of future cardiovascular events. We performed a genome-wide association meta-analysis to determine SNPs associated with the extent of abdominal aortic calcification (n = 9,417) or descending thoracic aortic calcification (n = 8,422). Two genetic loci, HDAC9 and RAP1GAP, were associated with abdominal aortic calcification at a genome-wide level (P < 5.0 × 10-8). No SNPs were associated with thoracic aortic calcification at the genome-wide threshold. Increased expression of HDAC9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells promoted calcification and reduced contractility, while inhibition of HDAC9 in human aortic smooth muscle cells inhibited calcification and enhanced cell contractility. In matrix Gla protein-deficient mice, a model of human vascular calcification, mice lacking HDAC9 had a 40% reduction in aortic calcification and improved survival. This translational genomic study identifies the first genetic risk locus associated with calcification of the abdominal aorta and describes a previously unknown role for HDAC9 in the development of vascular calcification.


Assuntos
Aterosclerose/patologia , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilases/fisiologia , Contração Muscular , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Calcificação Vascular/patologia , Idoso , Animais , Aorta/metabolismo , Aorta/patologia , Aterosclerose/genética , Aterosclerose/metabolismo , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/metabolismo , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Calcificação Vascular/genética , Calcificação Vascular/metabolismo
18.
Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi ; 57(10): 780-785, 2019 Oct 02.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31594065

RESUMO

Objective: To summarize the clinical and genetic characteristics of focal epilepsy in children caused by GATOR1 complex gene variation. Methods: The clinical data, gene variation and treatment outcome of 12 children with focal epilepsy caused by GATOR1 complex gene variation admitted to Beijing Children's Hospital Affiliated to Capital Medical University from June 2016 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. Results: There were 7 males and 5 females in 12 cases. The epilepsy onset age was 5.5 (3.0, 12.0) months, and from 11 days to 16 months of age. The epileptic seizure types were all focal motor seizures, and one case combined with epileptic spasms. The frequency of seizures in all patients was more than one time per day. Seven cases had frontal lobe epilepsy and two cases had lateral temporal lobe epilepsy. One case had a family history of febrile seizures and two had a family history of suspicious epilepsy. Epileptic form discharges were observed in 9 patients during the interictal phase by electroencephalograms (EEG), and all of them were focal discharges. Eight cases had clinical seizures detected by EEG, in 4 of whom the seizures were originated in frontal region. There were no abnormalities in brain magnetic resonance imaging in 11 cases whereas 1 case had malformation of cortical development of left frontal lobe. Eight patients had DEPDC5 gene variation, one had NPRL2 gene variation, three had NPRL3 gene variation. One case had de novo variation and the other 11 had hereditary variation. There were 11 types of gene variation, including 5 nonsense variations, 3 missense variations, 2 frame shift variations and 1 in frame deletion variation. There was no clear relationship between the clinical phenotype and the genotype. During the follow-up period from 6 months to 2 years and 6 months, 6 cases had seizure control, 3 of them were controlled by oxcarbazepine. The other 6 cases had drug-refractory epilepsy, 2 of them failed with vagus nerve stimulation and ketogenic dietary therapy as well, meanwhile combined with mental retardation. Conclusions: GATOR1 complex gene variation can lead to genetic focal epilepsy, which usually has early onset with frequent seizures. Most of the patients have focal epileptic form discharges on EEG, and there is usually no structural lesion in brain imaging. Most of the patients have hereditary loss-of-function variations. Approximately half of cases are drug-resistant epilepsy.


Assuntos
Epilepsias Parciais/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/genética , Eletroencefalografia , Epilepsias Parciais/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Convulsões/complicações , Convulsões/genética
19.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 429, 2019 Oct 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31619182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Polycomb repressive complex 2 (PRC2) is an epigenetic transcriptional repression system, whose catalytic subunit (ENHANCER OF ZESTE HOMOLOG 2, EZH2 in animals) is responsible for trimethylating histone H3 at lysine 27 (H3K27me3). In mammals, gain-of-function mutations as well as overexpression of EZH2 have been associated with several tumors, therefore making this subunit a suitable target for the development of selective inhibitors. Indeed, highly specific small-molecule inhibitors of EZH2 have been reported. In plants, mutations in some PRC2 components lead to embryonic lethality, but no trial with any inhibitor has ever been reported. RESULTS: We show here that the 1,5-bis (3-bromo-4-methoxyphenyl)penta-1,4-dien-3-one compound (RDS 3434), previously reported as an EZH2 inhibitor in human leukemia cells, is active on the Arabidopsis catalytic subunit of PRC2, since treatment with the drug reduces the total amount of H3K27me3 in a dose-dependent fashion. Consistently, we show that the expression level of two PRC2 targets is significantly increased following treatment with the RDS 3434 compound. Finally, we show that impairment of H3K27 trimethylation in Arabidopsis seeds and seedlings affects both seed germination and root growth. CONCLUSIONS: Our results provide a useful tool for the plant community in investigating how PRC2 affects transcriptional control in plant development.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/antagonistas & inibidores , Arabidopsis/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/antagonistas & inibidores , Arabidopsis/efeitos dos fármacos , Arabidopsis/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Proteína Potenciadora do Homólogo 2 de Zeste , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Lisina/metabolismo , Metilação , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Rutina/análogos & derivados , Rutina/farmacologia , Plântula/efeitos dos fármacos , Plântula/genética , Plântula/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Plântula/metabolismo , Sementes/efeitos dos fármacos , Sementes/genética , Sementes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sementes/metabolismo
20.
BMC Plant Biol ; 19(1): 432, 2019 Oct 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31623554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Cotton fiber length and strength are both key traits of fiber quality, and fiber strength (FS) is tightly correlated with secondary cell wall (SCW) biosynthesis. The three-amino-acid-loop-extension (TALE) superclass homeoproteins are involved in regulating diverse biological processes in plants, and some TALE members has been identified to play a key role in regulating SCW formation. However, little is known about the functions of TALE members in cotton (Gossypium spp.). RESULTS: In the present study, based on gene homology, 46, 47, 88 and 94 TALE superfamily genes were identified in G. arboreum, G. raimondii, G. barbadense and G. hirsutum, respectively. Phylogenetic and evolutionary analysis showed the evolutionary conservation of two cotton TALE families (including BEL1-like and KNOX families). Gene structure analysis also indicated the conservation of GhTALE members under selection. The analysis of promoter cis-elements and expression patterns suggested potential transcriptional regulation functions in fiber SCW biosynthesis and responses to some phytohormones for GhTALE proteins. Genome-wide analysis of colocalization of TALE transcription factors with SCW-related QTLs revealed that some BEL1-like genes and KNAT7 homologs may participate in the regulation of cotton fiber strength formation. Overexpression of GhKNAT7-A03 and GhBLH6-A13 significantly inhibited the synthesis of lignocellulose in interfascicular fibers of Arabidopsis. Yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) experiments showed extensive heteromeric interactions between GhKNAT7 homologs and some GhBEL1-like proteins. Yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) experiments identified the upstream GhMYB46 binding sites in the promoter region of GhTALE members and defined the downstream genes that can be directly bound and regulated by GhTALE heterodimers. CONCLUSION: We comprehensively identified TALE superfamily genes in cotton. Some GhTALE members are predominantly expressed during the cotton fiber SCW thicking stage, and may genetically correlated with the formation of FS. Class II KNOX member GhKNAT7 can interact with some GhBEL1-like members to form the heterodimers to regulate the downstream targets, and this regulatory relationship is partially conserved with Arabidopsis. In summary, this study provides important clues for further elucidating the functions of TALE genes in regulating cotton growth and development, especially in the fiber SCW biosynthesis network, and it also contributes genetic resources to the improvement of cotton fiber quality.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Gossypium/genética , Lignina/biossíntese , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Arabidopsis/genética , Sítios de Ligação , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Fibra de Algodão , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Gossypium/metabolismo , Família Multigênica , Fenótipo , Filogenia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
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