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1.
Gene ; 717: 143998, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31381951

RESUMO

Eid1 is a member of the EID protein family, which regulates differentiation, transcription and acetyltransferase activity. Accumulating evidence suggests that Eid1 is relevant to neurological disorder, but the main function of Eid1 is still unclear, especially in the brain. To better understand this issue, we generated Eid1-knockout (Eid1-KO) mice and profiled its gene expression changes in the brain by RNA sequencing. This study identified 2531 genes differentially expressed in Eid1-KO mice compared with the wild-type, then qRT-PCR verification demonstrated that the transcriptomic data are reliable. By protein-protein interaction cluster analysis, 'regulation of cell proliferation' were unexpectedly discovered as important Eid1 functions. We then isolated neural progenitor cells (NPCs) and showed that the number of neurospheres and the proliferation rate of Eid1-KO NPCs were obviously lower than that in the control group, furthermore, CCK-8 and immunofluorescence assay clearly demonstrated that the Eid1-KO NPCs showed significantly less cell proliferation than the control group. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive report of the Eid1-KO transcriptome of mice brain. Our analysis and experimental data provide a foundation for further studies on understanding function of Eid1 in the brain.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/citologia , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Animais , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/fisiologia , Proliferação de Células/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/fisiologia , Gravidez , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Análise de Sequência de RNA
2.
Rinsho Ketsueki ; 60(6): 680-690, 2019.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31281161

RESUMO

Recent progress in whole genome sequencing has identified recurrent somatic mutations in the additional sex combs like 1 (ASXL1) gene in a variety of hematological disorders and even in premalignant conditions. However, the molecular mechanisms regarding the contribution of ASXL1 mutation to the pathogenesis of premalignant conditions remain largely unelucidated. Thus, we investigated the biological effects of mutant Asxl1 using newly-generated knock-in (KI) mice. Heterozygous mutant KI mice developed phenotypes resembling human low-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), and some of them developed an MDS/myeloproliferative neoplasm-like disease after a long latency. The H2AK119ub1 level around the promoter region of p16Ink4a was significantly decreased in KI hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), suggesting perturbation of Bmi1-driven H2AK119ub1 histone modification by mutant Asxl1. The mutant Asxl1 failed to interact with Bmi1, although wild type ASXL1 protein did not. When p16Ink4a expression was depleted in Asxl1 KI mice, the HSC pool was restored, and apoptosis was ameliorated in HSCs. These findings demonstrate that the loss of protein interaction between mutant Asxl1 and Bmi1 affected the activity of Prc1. The subsequent derepression of p16Ink4a by aberrant histone ubiquitination could induce cellular senescence, resulting in low-risk MDS-like phenotypes in heterozygous Asxl1 KI mice.


Assuntos
Mutação , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Histonas/metabolismo , Camundongos , Fenótipo , Complexo Repressor Polycomb 1/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Ubiquitinação
3.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 672-675, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302908

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for three patients with development delay and to correlate their clinical phenotypes with genetic findings. METHODS: The karyotypes of the probands and their parents were analyzed by conventional G-banding. Chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA) was used to detect microdeletion and microduplication. RESULTS: No kartotypic abnormality was detected in the patients and their parents. CMA analysis identified a de novo 3.10 Mb deletion on chromosome 15q24.1q24.2 in case 1, a de novo 3.14 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 2, and a 3.13 Mb deletion at 15q24.1q24.2 in case 3. All deletions have encompassed the CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A genes. CONCLUSION: The three patients were diagnosed with 15q24 microdeletion syndrome. CPLX3,SEMA7A and SIN3A may be the key genes responsible for this syndrome.


Assuntos
Transtornos Cromossômicos/genética , Deficiência Intelectual/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Antígenos CD/genética , Criança , Deleção Cromossômica , Cromossomos Humanos Par 15/genética , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Humanos , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Semaforinas/genética
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 36(7): 720-723, 2019 Jul 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31302920

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic cause of a neonate with congenital dysplasia, growth retardation through clinical evaluation, laboratory tests and next generation sequencing (NGS). METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from the child and his parents. Whole genomic DNA was extracted and subjected to NGS. Suspected mutation was predicted by bioinformatic tools and validated by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The child was found to carry a c.556G>A (p.E186K) mutation of the HDAC8 gene on the X chromosome, which was predicted to be pathogenic by Bioinformatic analysis. CONCLUSION: The patient was diagnosed as Cornelia de Lange syndrome 5 caused by the c.556G>A mutation of the HDAC8 gene.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Lange/genética , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Testes Genéticos , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Mutação
5.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2535, 2019 06 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31182712

RESUMO

Rif1 is involved in telomere homeostasis, DNA replication timing, and DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair pathway choice from yeast to human. The molecular mechanisms that enable Rif1 to fulfill its diverse roles remain to be determined. Here, we demonstrate that Rif1 is S-acylated within its conserved N-terminal domain at cysteine residues C466 and C473 by the DHHC family palmitoyl acyltransferase Pfa4. Rif1 S-acylation facilitates the accumulation of Rif1 at DSBs, the attenuation of DNA end-resection, and DSB repair by non-homologous end-joining (NHEJ). These findings identify S-acylation as a posttranslational modification regulating DNA repair. S-acylated Rif1 mounts a localized DNA-damage response proximal to the inner nuclear membrane, revealing a mechanism of compartmentalized DSB repair pathway choice by sequestration of a fatty acylated repair factor at the inner nuclear membrane.


Assuntos
Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Reparo do DNA por Junção de Extremidades , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/genética , Acilação , Reparo do DNA , Membrana Nuclear/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a Telômeros/metabolismo
6.
Anticancer Res ; 39(6): 2729-2737, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31177108

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Salivary adenoid cystic carcinoma (SACC) is the most common malignancy of the salivary gland with a poor prognosis and survival. The present study aimed to investigate the role of histone methyltransferase WHSC1 in SACC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Human SACC specimens were evaluated for WHSC1 expression by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. The effects of WHSC1 knockdown on SACC cells proliferation, cell cycle, clone and tumorsphere formation, and apoptosis as well as on the expression of related genes were examined. A xenograft mouse model of SACC was used to evaluate the in vivo effects of WHSC1 knockdown on SACC tumorigenesis. RESULTS: WHSC1 expression was up-regulated in human SACC tissues (p<0.01). WHSC1 knockdown in SACC cells significantly inhibited cell proliferation, clone and tumorsphere formation (p<0.05). Cell distribution at the S and G2/M phases was significantly reduced by WHSC1 knockdown (p<0.05). WHSC1 knockdown significantly increased apoptosis of SACC cells (p<0.05). c-Myc, survivin, Bcl-2 and cyclin B1 genes were significantly down-regulated by WHSC1 knockdown cells (p<0.05). WHSC1 knockdown significantly reduced H3K36me2 modification of the MYC gene promoter in SACC cells and tumorigenesis of SACC cells in vivo (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Knockdown of WHSC1 inhibited cell proliferation, induced apoptosis and affected tumorigenesis in SACC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/patologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes/métodos , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/patologia , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Apoptose , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/genética , Carcinoma Adenoide Cístico/metabolismo , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Transplante de Neoplasias , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-myc/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/genética , Neoplasias das Glândulas Salivares/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais
7.
Cancer Sci ; 110(8): 2600-2606, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218784

RESUMO

The t(11;14)/CCND1-IGH, t(4;14)/NSD2(MMSET)-IGH, and t(14;16)/IGH-MAF gene rearrangements detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are used for risk stratification in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). Compared with conventional FISH techniques using fresh cells, immunohistochemistry (IHC) is much more cost- and time-efficient, and can be readily applied to routinely prepared formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded (FFPE) materials. In this study, we performed tissue FISH and IHC employing FFPE specimens, and examined the usefulness of IHC as a tool for detecting CCND1, NSD2, and MAF gene rearrangements. CD138 signals were used to identify plasma cells in tissue FISH and IHC analyses. With cohort 1 (n = 70), we performed tissue FISH and subsequently IHC, and determined IHC cut-off points. In this cohort, the sensitivity and specificity for the 3 molecules were ≥.90 and ≥.96, respectively. With cohort 2, using MM cases with an unknown gene status (n = 120), we performed IHC, and the gene status was estimated using the cut-off points determined with cohort 1. The subsequent FISH analysis showed that the sensitivity and specificity for the 3 molecules were ≥.92 and ≥.98, respectively. CCND1, NSD2, and MAF gene rearrangements were estimated accurately by IHC, suggesting that conventional FISH assays can be replaced by IHC.


Assuntos
Ciclina D1/genética , Rearranjo Gênico/genética , Histona-Lisina N-Metiltransferase/genética , Mieloma Múltiplo/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-maf/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
8.
Vet Microbiol ; 233: 159-163, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176403

RESUMO

Pasteurella multocida causes single or complex respiratory disease in pigs. Although antimicrobial therapy is the most effective treatment for porcine respiratory disease, P. multocida shows increased antimicrobial resistance in Korea. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the phenotypic and genotypic characterization of tetracycline-resistant P. multocida. Thirty-seven of 454 P. multocida isolates from South Korea between 2010 and 2016 were selected. Four tet genes [tet(B) (78.4%), tet(H) (16.2%), tet(C) (5.4%), and tet(O) (2.7%)] were observed. This is the first report of tet(C) in P. multocida. Various virulence factors were observed in both tetracycline-resistant and -susceptible P. multocida isolates. Genes encoding pmHAS and pfhA were more prevalent in tetracycline-resistant than in tetracycline-susceptible isolates. Some virulence factors exhibited association with serogroups. tadD and sodA were common in serogroup A, while hsf-l was significantly associated with serogroup D (p < 0.01). Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST) results showed the genetic diversity of tetracycline-resistant P. multocida. MLST showed six different sequence types (ST), with clonal complex 13 encompassing 56.8% of the strains. PFGE was more efficient in differentiating the isolates, and 29 PFGE patterns of the strains were observed. By combining these methods, identical STs and PFGE patterns were observed in isolates from different farms, suggesting that transmission of antimicrobial-resistant P. multocida strains between farms might occur in a geographically discrete population. In future, epidemiological approaches and development of effective vaccines should focus on the major clonal lineages carrying the important virulence factors and frequently observed resistance genes to prevent the transmission and control the disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Bactérias/genética , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana , Pasteurella multocida/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Tetraciclina/farmacologia , Fatores de Virulência/genética , Animais , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Técnicas de Tipagem Bacteriana , Eletroforese em Gel de Campo Pulsado , Variação Genética , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tipagem de Sequências Multilocus , Pasteurella multocida/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenótipo , República da Coreia , Sorogrupo , Suínos/microbiologia , Doenças dos Suínos/microbiologia
9.
Cancer Res ; 79(12): 3031-3033, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31201166

RESUMO

STAT3 can mediate epigenetic silencing of tumor suppressor genes (TSG). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms involved, except that this action is mediated by DNA methylation and requires STAT3 acetylation. In this issue of Cancer Research, Gambi and colleagues confirm that oncogene-driven constitutive STAT3 acetylation is responsible for TSG silencing. Furthermore, they show that the Sin3a transcriptional repressor complex is an obligatory partner of STAT3 on the promoters of the repressed genes, shedding light on the mechanisms involved in STAT3-mediated transcriptional repression, and more importantly, identifying that the STAT3-Sin3a axis is a potential selective therapeutic target in STAT3-dependent tumors.See related article by Gambi et al., p. 3076.


Assuntos
Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Fator de Transcrição STAT3/genética , Metilação de DNA , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ativação Transcricional
10.
BMC Neurol ; 19(1): 134, 2019 Jun 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31215432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: CIC-mutant oligodendroglial tumours linked to better prognosis. We aim to investigate associations between CIC gene mutation status, MR characteristics and clinical features. METHODS: Imaging and genomic data from the Cancer Genome Atlas and the Cancer Imaging Archive (TCGA/TCIA) for 59 patients with oligodendroglial tumours were used. Differences between CIC mutation and CIC wild-type were tested using Chi-square test and binary logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: In univariate analysis, the clinical variables and MR features, which consisted 3 selected features (subventricular zone[SVZ] involvement, volume and seizure history) were associated with CIC mutation status (all p < 0.05). A multivariate logistic regression analysis identified that seizure history (no vs. yes odd ratio [OR]: 28.960, 95 confidence interval [CI]:2.625-319.49, p = 0.006) and SVZ involvement (SVZ- vs. SVZ+ OR: 77.092, p = 0.003; 95% CI: 4.578-1298.334) were associated with a higher incidence of CIC mutation status. The nomogram showed good discrimination, with a C-index of 0.906 (95% CI: 0.812-1.000) and was well calibrated. SVZ- group has increased (SVZ- vs. SVZ+, hazard ratio [HR]: 4.500, p = 0.04; 95% CI: 1.069-18.945) overall survival. CONCLUSIONS: Absence of seizure history and SVZ involvement (-) was associated with a higher incidence of CIC mutation.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/genética , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Glioma/genética , Glioma/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Neoplasias Encefálicas/complicações , Feminino , Glioma/complicações , Humanos , Ventrículos Laterais/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Convulsões/etiologia
11.
Plant Physiol Biochem ; 141: 388-397, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31226508

RESUMO

Members of the Jasmonate ZIM domain (JAZ) proteins act as transcriptional repressors in the jasmonate (JA) hormonal response. To characterize the potential roles of JAZ gene family in plant development and abiotic stress response, fifteen JAZs were identified based on the genome of Nicotiana tabacum. Structural analysis confirmed the presence of single Jas and TIFY motif. Tissue expression pattern analysis indicated that NtJAZ-2, -3, -5, and -10 were highly expressed in roots and NtJAZ-11 was expressed only in the cotyledons. The transcript level of NtJAZ-3, -5, -9, and -10 in the stem epidermis was higher than that in the stem without epidermis. Dynamic expression of NtJAZs exposed to abiotic stress and phytohormone indicated that the expression of most NtJAZs was activated by salicylic acid, methyl jasmonate, gibberellic acid, cold, salt, and heat stresses. With abscisic acid treatment, NtJAZ-1, -2, and -3 were not activated; NtJAZ-4, -5, and -6 were up-regulated; and the remaining NtJAZ genes were inhibited. With drought stress, the expression of NtJAZ-1, -2, -3, -4, -5, -6, -7, and -8 was up-regulated, whereas the transcript of the remaining genes was inhibited. Moreover, high concentration MeJA (more than 1 mM MeJA) had an effect on secreting trichome induction, but inhabited the plant growth. Nine NtJAZs may play important role in secreting trichome induction. These results indicate that the JAZ proteins are convergence points for various phytohormone signal networks, which are involved in abiotic stress responses.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Estresse Fisiológico , Tabaco/genética , Tabaco/metabolismo , Tricomas/metabolismo , Acetatos/metabolismo , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Cromossomos/metabolismo , Ciclopentanos/metabolismo , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Cadeias de Markov , Oxilipinas/metabolismo , Filogenia , Reguladores de Crescimento de Planta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Raízes de Plantas/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Transdução de Sinais , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2835, 2019 06 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31249377

RESUMO

During embryogenesis cells make fate decisions within complex tissue environments. The levels and dynamics of transcription factor expression regulate these decisions. Here, we use single cell live imaging of an endogenous HES5 reporter and absolute protein quantification to gain a dynamic view of neurogenesis in the embryonic mammalian spinal cord. We report that dividing neural progenitors show both aperiodic and periodic HES5 protein fluctuations. Mathematical modelling suggests that in progenitor cells the HES5 oscillator operates close to its bifurcation boundary where stochastic conversions between dynamics are possible. HES5 expression becomes more frequently periodic as cells transition to differentiation which, coupled with an overall decline in HES5 expression, creates a transient period of oscillations with higher fold expression change. This increases the decoding capacity of HES5 oscillations and correlates with interneuron versus motor neuron cell fate. Thus, HES5 undergoes complex changes in gene expression dynamics as cells differentiate.


Assuntos
Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neurais/metabolismo , Neurogênese , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Animais , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/química , Fatores de Transcrição Hélice-Alça-Hélice Básicos/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Masculino , Camundongos/embriologia , Camundongos/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos ICR , Camundongos Knockout , Células-Tronco Neurais/química , Células-Tronco Neurais/citologia , Proteínas Repressoras/química , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Análise de Célula Única
13.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2434, 2019 06 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31164647

RESUMO

To date, genome-wide association studies have implicated at least 35 loci in osteoarthritis but, due to linkage disequilibrium, the specific variants underlying these associations and the mechanisms by which they contribute to disease risk have yet to be pinpointed. Here, we functionally test 1,605 single nucleotide variants associated with osteoarthritis for regulatory activity using a massively parallel reporter assay. We identify six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) with differential regulatory activity between the major and minor alleles. We show that the most significant SNP, rs4730222, exhibits differential nuclear protein binding in electrophoretic mobility shift assays and drives increased expression of an alternative isoform of HBP1 in a heterozygote chondrosarcoma cell line, in a CRISPR-edited osteosarcoma cell line, and in chondrocytes derived from osteoarthritis patients. This study provides a framework for prioritization of GWAS variants and highlights a role of HBP1 and Wnt signaling in osteoarthritis pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/metabolismo , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/genética , Osteoartrite/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Alelos , Cartilagem Articular/citologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaio de Desvio de Mobilidade Eletroforética , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Haplótipos , Proteínas de Grupo de Alta Mobilidade/metabolismo , Humanos , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Ligação Proteica , Isoformas de Proteínas , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt
14.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2000, 2019 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31043608

RESUMO

Capicua (Cic) is a transcriptional repressor mutated in the brain cancer oligodendroglioma. Despite its cancer link, little is known of Cic's function in the brain. We show that nuclear Cic expression is strongest in astrocytes and neurons but weaker in stem cells and oligodendroglial lineage cells. Using a new conditional Cic knockout mouse, we demonstrate that forebrain-specific Cic deletion increases proliferation and self-renewal of neural stem cells. Furthermore, Cic loss biases neural stem cells toward glial lineage selection, expanding the pool of oligodendrocyte precursor cells (OPCs). These proliferation and lineage effects are dependent on de-repression of Ets transcription factors. In patient-derived oligodendroglioma cells, CIC re-expression or ETV5 blockade decreases lineage bias, proliferation, self-renewal, and tumorigenicity. Our results identify Cic as an important regulator of cell fate in neurodevelopment and oligodendroglioma, and suggest that its loss contributes to oligodendroglioma by promoting proliferation and an OPC-like identity via Ets overactivity.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Células-Tronco Neurais/patologia , Oligodendroglioma/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-ets/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Animais , Astrócitos/patologia , Diferenciação Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Embrião de Mamíferos , Feminino , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Neurônios/patologia , Oligodendroglia/citologia , Oligodendroglia/patologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Prosencéfalo/citologia , Prosencéfalo/patologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
15.
Food Chem ; 292: 81-89, 2019 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054696

RESUMO

How to effectively increase or decrease the ability of A. oryzae to produce enzymes was the key to improve the quality of soy sauce. However, multi-core property of A. oryzae resulted in genetic instability of the new strain. Here, A. oryzae 3.042-3 which can stably produce mononuclear spores was constructed based on A. oryzae 3.042. A. oryzae 3.042-3-c obtained by transformation of the fragment of cis-CreA into A. oryzae 3.042-3 exhibited genetic stability. The fragment containing the cis-acting and the promoter CreA from A. oryzae was connected to chromosome VII in A. oryzae 3.042-3-c. Compared with A. oryzae 3.042-3, the cellulase activity of A. oryzae 3.042-3-c was reduced by 50.5% and the pectinase activity was decreased by 10.0%. At the end of the soy sauce fermentation, the salt-free solid content of A. oryzae 3.042-3-c was higher 58.9% than that of A. oryzae 3.042-3. The kinds and contents of the flavor components of the soy sauce from the fermentation by A. oryzae 3.042-3-c were higher than those of the A. oryzae 3.042 and A. oryzae 3.042-3, especially in alcohols and esters. HEMF was only found in the soy sauce from A. oryzae 3.042-3-c. The results indicated that the new strain A. oryzae 3.042-3-c could improve the quality of soy sauce from the low-salt solid fermentation by decreasing enzyme activity of cellulase and pectinase.


Assuntos
Aspergillus oryzae/enzimologia , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Alimentos de Soja/análise , Aspergillus oryzae/genética , Celulase/genética , Celulase/metabolismo , Cromossomos Fúngicos , Qualidade dos Alimentos , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Alimentos de Soja/microbiologia
16.
MBio ; 10(2)2019 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31040248

RESUMO

In filamentous fungi, an important kinase responsible for adaptation to changes in available nutrients is cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase A [PKA]). This kinase has been well characterized at a molecular level, but its systemic action and direct/indirect targets are generally not well understood in filamentous fungi. In this work, we used a pkaA deletion strain (ΔpkaA) to identify Aspergillus nidulans proteins for which phosphorylation is dependent (either directly or indirectly) on PKA. A combination of phosphoproteomic and transcriptomic analyses revealed both direct and indirect targets of PKA and provided a global perspective on its function. One of these targets was the transcription factor CreA, the main repressor responsible for carbon catabolite repression (CCR). In the ΔpkaA strain, we identified a previously unreported phosphosite in CreA, S319, which (based on motif analysis) appears to be a direct target of Stk22 kinase (AN5728). Upon replacement of CreA S319 with an alanine (i.e., phosphonull mutant), the dynamics of CreA import to the nucleus are affected. Collectively, this work provides a global overview of PKA function while also providing novel insight regarding significance of a specific PKA-mediated phosphorylation event.IMPORTANCE The cyclic AMP (cAMP)-dependent protein kinase A (PKA) signaling pathway is well conserved across eukaryotes, and previous work has shown that it plays an important role in regulating development, growth, and virulence in a number of fungi. PKA is activated in response to extracellular nutrients and acts to regulate metabolism and growth. While a number of components in the PKA pathway have been defined in filamentous fungi, current understanding does not provide a global perspective on PKA function. Thus, this work is significant in that it comprehensively identifies proteins and functional pathways regulated by PKA in a model filamentous fungus. This information enhances our understanding of PKA action and may provide information on how to manipulate it for specific purposes.


Assuntos
Aspergillus nidulans/genética , Aspergillus nidulans/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases Dependentes de AMP Cíclico/metabolismo , Proteínas Fúngicas/metabolismo , Regulação Bacteriana da Expressão Gênica , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Aspergillus nidulans/química , Proteínas Fúngicas/genética , Deleção de Genes , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteoma/análise , Proteínas Repressoras/genética
17.
Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) ; 65(4): 23-28, 2019 Apr 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078148

RESUMO

In recent years, most related studies have found that chronic hepatitis B virus infection is the main cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but the specific pathogenesis is still unclear. To investigate the function of HDAC in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), this study used qRT-PCR to determine the expression levels of miR-376a and HDAC9 mNRA in HCC and para-cancerous tissues. The clinical significance of HDAC9 in HCC was assessed in a study cohort containing 37 patients with HCC using immunohistochemistry. The expression level of miR-376a in liver cancer tissues was significantly lower than that in para-cancerous tissues, while the expression level of HDAC9 mRNA in liver cancer tissue was significantly higher than that in para-cancerous tissues. The expression of HDAC9 occurred mainly in the nucleus. There was a significant correlation between tumor differentiation and HDAC9. Survival analysis showed that HCC patients with higher HDAC9 expression had poorer prognosis, and subsequent multivariate analysis showed that HDAC9 expression level was an independent predictor. There was a definite correlation between HDAC9 and the expressions of AFP and Ki67. These results suggest that the expression level of HDAC9 in HCC is abnormally high while the expression level of miR-376a is significantly decreased, indicating that HDAC9 may be a potential prognostic indicator of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/enzimologia , Histona Desacetilases/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/enzimologia , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histona Desacetilases/genética , Humanos , Antígeno Ki-67/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Análise de Sobrevida , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
18.
Ann Hematol ; 98(8): 1813-1826, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31098739

RESUMO

Pregnant patients with ß-thalassemia are more likely to have progressive anemia which expose them to risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes, blood transfusion, and iron overload. Results from our previous study indicated that Colla corii asini (CCA, E'jiao), a natural ingredient of traditional Chinese medicine, could significantly increase hemoglobin level of pregnant women with ß- thalassemia, but the underlying molecular mechanism was unclear. Thus, we applied high-throughput transcriptome sequencing to study the transcriptomic change before and after the CCA treatment. Twenty eligible pregnant women were recruited and randomized to either the CCA treatment group or the blank control group in a 3:1 ratio. Patients in the treatment group orally received daily 15 g CCA powder for 4 weeks. We analyzed the therapeutic effect indexes and the transcriptomic change in subjects' peripheral blood before and after treatment. We found that ß CD 41-42(-TTCT)/ßA was the main genotype of the subjects. The regulatory impact of CCA treatment became more evident among the subjects of genotype ß CD 41-42(-TTCT)/ßA. Gene ontogenesis analysis revealed that the top five molecular functions of differentially expressed genes were involved in membrane functionality and cellular structure. We further identified two consistent upregulated genes ZNF471 and THOC5 in the effective treatment group, which were engaged in Kruppel-associated box (KRAB) domain-containing zinc-finger protein pathway and THOC5 pathway, respectively. Based on our current findings, we hypothesize that the anti-anemia effect of CCA on pregnant women with ß-thalassemia might be related to translation regulation of spectrin synthesis, membrane stability, and eventually prolonged the life span of erythrocytes.


Assuntos
Gelatina/uso terapêutico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fármacos Hematológicos/uso terapêutico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Talassemia beta/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Oral , Adulto , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/patologia , Feminino , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Proteínas Nucleares/agonistas , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Gravidez , Proteômica/métodos , Proteínas Repressoras/agonistas , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Espectrina/genética , Espectrina/metabolismo , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos , Talassemia beta/genética , Talassemia beta/metabolismo , Talassemia beta/patologia
19.
Plant Sci ; 283: 116-126, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31128681

RESUMO

Ethylene response factors (ERFs) are known to regulate fruit ripening. However, the ERF regulatory networks are not clear. In this study, we have shown that peach (Prunus persica) PpeERF2 regulates fruit ripening through suppressing the expression of two ABA biosynthesis genes (PpeNCED2, PpeNCED3) and a cell wall degradation gene (PpePG1). The transcript levels of PpeERF2 in fruit were opposite to that of PpeNCED2, PpeNCED3 and PpePG1 during ripening and in response to various ripening treatments. PpeERF2 was found to bind to the PpeNCED2, PpeNCED3 and PpePG1 promotors as demonstrated by yeast one-hybrid (Y1H) and EMSA assays; and further found to repress the promoter activities of the three genes in tobacco leaf tissues after Agrobacterium infiltration. Taken together, these results provide new information for a better understanding of the crosstalk network between ethylene signaling, cell wall degradation and ABA biosynthesis during fruit ripening.


Assuntos
Ácido Abscísico/biossíntese , Parede Celular/metabolismo , Frutas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Plantas/fisiologia , Prunus persica/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/fisiologia , Ácido Abscísico/metabolismo , Clonagem Molecular , Ensaio de Desvio de Mobilidade Eletroforética , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Frutas/fisiologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Filogenia , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Prunus persica/genética , Prunus persica/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Prunus persica/fisiologia , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
20.
Gene ; 710: 39-47, 2019 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129246

RESUMO

Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to contribute to malignant progression in melanoma. However, the roles and mechanisms of several miRNAs in melanoma remain poorly understood. In our study, we showed that miR-10b was significantly up-regulated in melanoma tissues and cell lines, and was associated with overall survival of melanoma patients. Inhibition of miR-10b dramatically suppressed melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion in vitro and inhibited tumor growth in vivo. Moreover, we defined ITCH as a direct and functional downstream target of miR-10b, and showed that there was an inverse correlation between the expression of ITCH and miR-10b on melanoma tissues. Down-regulation of ITCH partially attenuated the inhibitory effects of miR-10b inhibition on melanoma cell proliferation, migration and invasion. Furthermore,we found that miR-10b exerted its effects on melanoma by regulating the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Taken together, our results demonstrated that miR-10b was an important epigenetic modifier, promoting melanoma progression through regulating ITCH/Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. These results offer a new strategy for epigenetic cancer therapy.


Assuntos
Melanoma/patologia , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/genética , Regulação para Cima , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Melanoma/genética , Camundongos , Invasividade Neoplásica , Transplante de Neoplasias , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Ubiquitina-Proteína Ligases/metabolismo
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