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1.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0235634, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760078

RESUMO

Otitis media, the most common disease of childhood, is characterized by extensive changes in the morphology of the middle ear cavity. This includes hyperplasia of the mucosa that lines the tympanic cavity, from a simple monolayer of squamous epithelium into a greatly thickened, respiratory-type mucosa. The processes that control this response, which is critical to otitis media pathogenesis and recovery, are incompletely understood. Given the central role of protein phosphorylation in most intracellular processes, including cell proliferation and differentiation, we screened a library of kinase inhibitors targeting members of all the major families in the kinome for their ability to influence the growth of middle ear mucosal explants in vitro. Of the 160 inhibitors, 30 were found to inhibit mucosal growth, while two inhibitors enhanced tissue proliferation. The results suggest that the regulation of infection-mediated tissue growth in the ME mucosa involves multiple cellular processes that span the kinome. While some of the pathways and processes identified have been previously implicated in mucosa hyperplasia others are novel. The results were used to generate a global model of growth regulation by kinase pathways. The potential for therapeutic applications of the results are discussed.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Otite Média/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Haemophilus influenzae/patogenicidade , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala , Humanos , Hiperplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Hiperplasia/microbiologia , Hiperplasia/patologia , Camundongos , Membrana Mucosa/efeitos dos fármacos , Membrana Mucosa/microbiologia , Membrana Mucosa/patologia , Otite Média/microbiologia , Otite Média/patologia , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ratos , Técnicas de Cultura de Tecidos
2.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4053, 2020 08 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32792481

RESUMO

A significant proportion of patients with oestrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancers (BC) develop resistance to endocrine treatments (ET) and relapse with metastatic disease. Here we perform whole exome sequencing and gene expression analysis of matched primary breast tumours and bone metastasis-derived patient-derived xenografts (PDX). Transcriptomic analyses reveal enrichment of the G2/M checkpoint and up-regulation of Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1) in PDX. PLK1 inhibition results in tumour shrinkage in highly proliferating CCND1-driven PDX, including different RB-positive PDX with acquired palbociclib resistance. Mechanistic studies in endocrine resistant cell lines, suggest an ER-independent function of PLK1 in regulating cell proliferation. Finally, in two independent clinical cohorts of ER positive BC, we find a strong association between high expression of PLK1 and a shorter metastases-free survival and poor response to anastrozole. In conclusion, our findings support clinical development of PLK1 inhibitors in patients with advanced CCND1-driven BC, including patients progressing on palbociclib treatment.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Sequenciamento Completo do Exoma/métodos , Animais , Neoplasias da Mama/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ciclina D1/genética , Variações do Número de Cópias de DNA/genética , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G2 do Ciclo Celular/genética , Humanos , Immunoblotting , Imuno-Histoquímica , Imunoprecipitação , Camundongos , Camundongos Nus , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Pteridinas/uso terapêutico , Piridinas/uso terapêutico
3.
PLoS Genet ; 16(8): e1008981, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32745133

RESUMO

Tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3) is pseudokinase involved in intracellular regulatory processes and has been implicated in several diseases. In this article, we report that human TRIB3 promoter contains a 33-bp variable number tandem repeat (VNTR) and characterize the heterogeneity and function of this genetic element. Analysis of human populations around the world uncovered the existence of alleles ranging from 1 to 5 copies of the repeat, with 2-, 3- and 5-copy alleles being the most common but displaying considerable geographical differences in frequency. The repeated sequence overlaps a C/EBP-ATF transcriptional regulatory element and is highly conserved, but not repeated, in various mammalian species, including great apes. The repeat is however evident in Neanderthal and Denisovan genomes. Reporter plasmid experiments in human cell culture reveal that an increased copy number of the TRIB3 promoter 33-bp repeat results in increased transcriptional activity. In line with this, analysis of whole genome sequencing and RNA-Seq data from human cohorts demonstrates that the copy number of TRIB3 promoter 33-bp repeats is positively correlated with TRIB3 mRNA expression level in many tissues throughout the body. Moreover, the copy number of the TRIB3 33-bp repeat appears to be linked to known TRIB3 eQTL SNPs as well as TRIB3 SNPs reported in genetic association studies. Taken together, the results indicate that the promoter 33-bp VNTR constitutes a causal variant for TRIB3 expression variation between individuals and could underlie the results of SNP-based genetic studies.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Heterogeneidade Genética , Genética Populacional , Repetições Minissatélites/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Estônia/epidemiologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , RNA-Seq , Sequenciamento Completo do Genoma
4.
J Cancer Res Clin Oncol ; 146(11): 2871-2883, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32770382

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Polo-like kinase 4 (PLK4) inhibitors, such as CFI-400945 and centrinone, are emerging as promising antineoplastic agents. However, their effectiveness against Ewing's sarcoma, a highly aggressive childhood cancer, remains to be established. METHODS: CFI-400945 and centrinone were tested in three Ewing's sarcoma cell lines with different TP53 status. Effects were assessed by flow-cytometric analyses of cell death, dissipation of the mitochondrial transmembrane potential and cell cycle distribution, by cell viability assay as well as by caspase 3/7 activity measurement, by immunoblotting and by immunofluorescence microscopy. RESULTS: CFI-400945 and centrinone elicited cell death in p53 wild-type and mutant Ewing's sarcoma cells. Both agents induced mitochondrial membrane depolarisation, caspase 3/7 activation, PARP1 cleavage and DNA fragmentation, indicating an apoptotic form of cell death. In addition, the PLK4 inhibitors induced a G2/M cell cycle arrest, particularly when cell killing was attenuated by the pan-caspase inhibitor z-VAD-fmk. Moreover, CFI-400945 treatment produced polyploidy. CONCLUSION: Our findings show that PLK4 inhibitors were effective against Ewing's sarcoma cells in vitro and thus provide a rationale for their evaluation in vivo.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Neoplasias Ósseas/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Sarcoma de Ewing/patologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Indazóis/farmacologia , Indóis/farmacologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Sulfonas/farmacologia
5.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0232917, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810161

RESUMO

In human lung cancer progression, the EMT process is characterized by the transformation of cancer cells into invasive forms that migrate to other organs. Targeting to EMT-related molecules is emerging as a novel therapeutic approach for the prevention of lung cancer cell migration and invasion. Traf2- and Nck-interacting kinase (TNIK) has recently been considered as an anti-proliferative target molecule to regulate the Wnt signaling pathway in several types of cancer cells. In the present study, we evaluated the inhibitory effect of a tyrosine kinase inhibitor sunitinib and the integrin-αⅤß3 targeted cyclic peptide (cRGDfK) on EMT in human lung cancer cells. Sunitinib strongly inhibited the TGF-ß1-activated EMT through suppression of Wnt signaling, Smad and non-Smad signaling pathways. In addition, the cRGDfK also inhibited the expression of TGFß1-induced mesenchymal marker genes and proteins. The anti-EMT effect of sunitinib was enhanced when cRGDfK was treated together. When sunitinib was treated with cRGDfK, the mRNA and protein expression levels of mesenchymal markers were decreased compared to the treatment with sunitinib alone. Co-treatment of cRGDfK has shown the potential to improve the efficacy of anticancer agents in combination with therapeutic agents that may be toxic at high concentrations. These results provide new and improved therapies for treating and preventing EMT-related disorders, such as lung fibrosis and cancer metastasis, and relapse.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos Cíclicos/administração & dosagem , Sunitinibe/administração & dosagem , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Células A549 , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/administração & dosagem , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/metabolismo , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Domínio Catalítico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sinergismo Farmacológico , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/fisiologia , Humanos , Integrina alfaVbeta3/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Invasividade Neoplásica/patologia , Invasividade Neoplásica/prevenção & controle , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Smad/metabolismo , Via de Sinalização Wnt/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
Life Sci ; 257: 118021, 2020 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621919

RESUMO

AIMS: Tribbles homolog 3 (TRIB3) is emerging as a multifunctional oncoprotein associated with various cellular events in different tumors. However, the regulatory mechanism of TRIB3 in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) remains unknown. This study aims to investigate the molecular mechanisms and uncover the functions of TRIB3 in AML. METHODS: Western blotting and quantitative real-time PCR were used to analyze the expression levels of TRIB3, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα), apoptosis markers and autophagy markers in AML cells. Flow cytometry was used to assess cell apoptosis. The interaction of TRIB3 and PPARα was evaluated by immunofluorescence, coimmunoprecipitation, and in vivo ubiquitination assays. KEY FINDINGS: We demonstrated that downregulating TRIB3 in leukemic cells effectively induced apoptosis and autophagy by regulating the degradation of PPARα. Mechanistically, TRIB3 interacted with PPARα and contributed to its destabilization by promoting its ubiquitination. When PPARα was activated by its specific agonist clofibrate, the apoptosis and autophagy of AML cells were significantly enhanced. These results were confirmed by rescue experiments. Blocking PPARα expression using the PPARα inhibitor GW6471 reversed the functional influence of TRIB3 on AML cells. SIGNIFICANCE: The aim of this study is to provide evidence of the degradation of PPARα by TRIB3 via ubiquitin-dependent proteasomal degradation. This process meditates the progression of AML and prolongs the survival of leukemic cells. As a result, these data indicate that TRIB3 is a novel and promising therapeutic target for AML treatment.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Apoptose/fisiologia , Autofagia/fisiologia , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/metabolismo , PPAR alfa/genética , PPAR alfa/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteostase/fisiologia , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Ubiquitina/metabolismo , Ubiquitinação
7.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3344, 2020 07 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32620751

RESUMO

Diamond Blackfan Anemia (DBA) is a congenital bone marrow failure syndrome associated with ribosomal gene mutations that lead to ribosomal insufficiency. DBA is characterized by anemia, congenital anomalies, and cancer predisposition. Treatment for DBA is associated with significant morbidity. Here, we report the identification of Nemo-like kinase (NLK) as a potential target for DBA therapy. To identify new DBA targets, we screen for small molecules that increase erythroid expansion in mouse models of DBA. This screen identified a compound that inhibits NLK. Chemical and genetic inhibition of NLK increases erythroid expansion in mouse and human progenitors, including bone marrow cells from DBA patients. In DBA models and patient samples, aberrant NLK activation is initiated at the Megakaryocyte/Erythroid Progenitor (MEP) stage of differentiation and is not observed in non-erythroid hematopoietic lineages or healthy erythroblasts. We propose that NLK mediates aberrant erythropoiesis in DBA and is a potential target for therapy.


Assuntos
Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/patologia , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/dietoterapia , Anemia de Diamond-Blackfan/genética , Animais , Benzamidas/farmacologia , Benzamidas/uso terapêutico , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Dioxóis/farmacologia , Dioxóis/uso terapêutico , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Eritropoese/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritropoese/genética , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Mutação , Cultura Primária de Células , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Quinolinas/farmacologia , Quinolinas/uso terapêutico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Ribossômicas/genética
8.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 3660, 2020 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32694521

RESUMO

High expression or aberrant activation of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is related to tumor progression and therapy resistance across cancer types, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). EGFR tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) are first-line therapy for NSCLC. However, patients eventually deteriorate after inevitable acquisition of EGFR TKI-resistant mutations, highlighting the need for therapeutics with alternative mechanisms of action. Here, we report that the elevated tribbles pseudokinase 3 (TRIB3) is positively associated with EGFR stability and NSCLC progression. TRIB3 interacts with EGFR and recruits PKCα to induce a Thr654 phosphorylation and WWP1-induced Lys689 ubiquitination in the EGFR juxtamembrane region, which enhances EGFR recycling, stability, downstream activity, and NSCLC stemness. Disturbing the TRIB3-EGFR interaction with a stapled peptide attenuates NSCLC progression by accelerating EGFR degradation and sensitizes NSCLC cells to chemotherapeutic agents. These findings indicate that targeting EGFR degradation is a previously unappreciated therapeutic option in EGFR-related NSCLC.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Adulto , Animais , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/genética , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/mortalidade , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Progressão da Doença , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/genética , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Receptores ErbB/genética , Receptores ErbB/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína Quinase C-alfa/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional/efeitos dos fármacos , Estabilidade Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Ubiquitinação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
9.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(14): 7844-7855, 2020 08 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32652013

RESUMO

The catalytic activity of human AURORA-A kinase (AURKA) regulates mitotic progression, and its frequent overexpression in major forms of epithelial cancer is associated with aneuploidy and carcinogenesis. Here, we report an unexpected, kinase-independent function for AURKA in DNA replication initiation whose inhibition through a class of allosteric inhibitors opens avenues for cancer therapy. We show that genetic depletion of AURKA, or its inhibition by allosteric but not catalytic inhibitors, blocks the G1-S cell cycle transition. A catalytically inactive AURKA mutant suffices to overcome this block. We identify a multiprotein complex between AURKA and the replisome components MCM7, WDHD1 and POLD1 formed during G1, and demonstrate that allosteric but not catalytic inhibitors prevent the chromatin assembly of functional replisomes. Indeed, allosteric but not catalytic AURKA inhibitors sensitize cancer cells to inhibition of the CDC7 kinase subunit of the replication-initiating factor DDK. Thus, our findings define a mechanism essential for replisome assembly during DNA replication initiation that is vulnerable to inhibition as combination therapy in cancer.


Assuntos
Aurora Quinase A/fisiologia , Replicação do DNA , DNA Polimerase Dirigida por DNA/metabolismo , Complexos Multienzimáticos/metabolismo , Regulação Alostérica , Aurora Quinase A/antagonistas & inibidores , Aurora Quinase A/genética , Aurora Quinase A/metabolismo , Pontos de Checagem do Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Linhagem Celular , Pontos de Checagem da Fase G1 do Ciclo Celular , Células HeLa , Humanos , Interfase/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Origem de Replicação
10.
Mol Cell Endocrinol ; 515: 110917, 2020 09 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593740

RESUMO

Obesity patients are more susceptible to develop COVID-19 severe outcome due to the role of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) in the viral infection. ACE2 is regulated in the human cells by different genes associated with increased (TLR3, HAT1, HDAC2, KDM5B, SIRT1, RAB1A, FURIN and ADAM10) or decreased (TRIB3) virus replication. RNA-seq data revealed 14857 genes expressed in human subcutaneous adipocytes, including genes mentioned above. Irisin treatment increased by 3-fold the levels of TRIB3 transcript and decreased the levels of other genes. The decrease in FURIN and ADAM10 expression enriched diverse biological processes, including extracellular structure organization. Our results, in human subcutaneous adipocytes cell culture, indicate a positive effect of irisin on the expression of multiple genes related to viral infection by SARS-CoV-2; furthermore, translatable for other tissues and organs targeted by the novel coronavirus and present, thus, promising approaches for the treatment of COVID-19 infection as therapeutic strategy to decrease ACE2 regulatory genes.


Assuntos
Adipócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibronectinas/farmacologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína ADAM10/genética , Proteína ADAM10/metabolismo , Adipócitos/citologia , Adipócitos/metabolismo , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/genética , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/metabolismo , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Fibronectinas/genética , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Furina/genética , Furina/metabolismo , Ontologia Genética , Histona Acetiltransferases/genética , Histona Acetiltransferases/metabolismo , Histona Desacetilase 2/genética , Histona Desacetilase 2/metabolismo , Humanos , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/genética , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Obesidade/virologia , Pandemias , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/genética , Peptidil Dipeptidase A/metabolismo , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Repressoras/genética , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Sirtuína 1/genética , Sirtuína 1/metabolismo , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/genética , Receptor 3 Toll-Like/metabolismo , Proteínas rab1 de Ligação ao GTP/genética , Proteínas rab1 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2109, 2020 04 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32355159

RESUMO

Repair of double strand DNA breaks (DSBs) can result in gene disruption or gene modification via homology directed repair (HDR) from donor DNA. Altering cellular responses to DSBs may rebalance editing outcomes towards HDR and away from other repair outcomes. Here, we utilize a pooled CRISPR screen to define host cell involvement in HDR between a Cas9 DSB and a plasmid double stranded donor DNA (dsDonor). We find that the Fanconi Anemia (FA) pathway is required for dsDonor HDR and that other genes act to repress HDR. Small molecule inhibition of one of these repressors, CDC7, by XL413 and other inhibitors increases the efficiency of HDR by up to 3.5 fold in many contexts, including primary T cells. XL413 stimulates HDR during a reversible slowing of S-phase that is unexplored for Cas9-induced HDR. We anticipate that XL413 and other such rationally developed inhibitors will be useful tools for gene modification.


Assuntos
Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Reparo de DNA por Recombinação , Quebras de DNA de Cadeia Dupla , Edição de Genes , Engenharia Genética/métodos , Células HCT116 , Células HEK293 , Células HeLa , Recombinação Homóloga , Humanos , Células K562 , Fenótipo , RNA Guia/metabolismo , Fase S
12.
EMBO Mol Med ; 12(8): e12697, 2020 08 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32473600

RESUMO

Baricitinib is an oral Janus kinase (JAK)1/JAK2 inhibitor approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) that was independently predicted, using artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms, to be useful for COVID-19 infection via proposed anti-cytokine effects and as an inhibitor of host cell viral propagation. We evaluated the in vitro pharmacology of baricitinib across relevant leukocyte subpopulations coupled to its in vivo pharmacokinetics and showed it inhibited signaling of cytokines implicated in COVID-19 infection. We validated the AI-predicted biochemical inhibitory effects of baricitinib on human numb-associated kinase (hNAK) members measuring nanomolar affinities for AAK1, BIKE, and GAK. Inhibition of NAKs led to reduced viral infectivity with baricitinib using human primary liver spheroids. These effects occurred at exposure levels seen clinically. In a case series of patients with bilateral COVID-19 pneumonia, baricitinib treatment was associated with clinical and radiologic recovery, a rapid decline in SARS-CoV-2 viral load, inflammatory markers, and IL-6 levels. Collectively, these data support further evaluation of the anti-cytokine and anti-viral activity of baricitinib and support its assessment in randomized trials in hospitalized COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Inteligência Artificial , Azetidinas/farmacologia , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Adulto , Idoso , Antivirais/farmacocinética , Antivirais/uso terapêutico , Azetidinas/farmacocinética , Azetidinas/uso terapêutico , Citocinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Reposicionamento de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/antagonistas & inibidores , Leucócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Esferoides Celulares/efeitos dos fármacos , Esferoides Celulares/virologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacocinética , Sulfonamidas/uso terapêutico
13.
Prostate ; 80(11): 831-849, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32449814

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Prostate smooth muscle contraction is critical for etiology and treatment of lower urinary tract symptoms in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Integrins connect the cytoskeleton to membranes and cells to extracellular matrix, what is essential for force generation in smooth muscle contraction. Integrins are composed of different subunits and may cooperate with integrin-linked kinase (ILK). Here, we examined effects of inhibitors for different integrin heterodimers and ILK on contraction of human prostate tissues. METHODS: Prostate tissues were obtained from radical prostatectomy. Integrins and ILK were detected by Western blot, real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR), and double fluorescence staining. Smooth muscle contractions of prostate strips were studied in an organ bath. Contractions were compared after application of solvent (controls), the ILK inhibitor Cpd22 (N-methyl-3-(1-(4-(piperazin-1-yl)phenyl)-5-(4'-(trifluoromethyl)-[1,1'-biphenyl]-4-yl)-1H-pyrazol-3-yl)propanamide), the integrin α2ß1 inhibitor BTT-3033 (1-(4-fluorophenyl)-N-methyl-N-[4[[(phenylamino)carbonyl]amino]phenyl]-1H-pyrazole-4-sulfonamide), or the integrin α4ß1/α9ß1 inhibitor BOP (N-(benzenesulfonyl)- l-prolyl- l-O-(1-pyrrolidinylcarbonyl)tyrosine sodium salt). RESULTS: Western blot analyses of prostate tissues using antibodies raised against integrins α2b, α4, α9, ß1, and ILK revealed bands matching the expected sizes of corresponding antigens. Expression of integrins and ILK was confirmed by RT-PCR. Individual variations of expression levels occurred independently from divergent degree of BPH, reflected by different contents of prostate-specific antigen. Double fluorescence staining of prostate sections using antibodies raised against integrins α2 and ß1, or against ILK resulted in immunoreactivity colocalizing with calponin, suggesting localization in prostate smooth muscle cells. Electric field stimulation (EFS) induced frequency-dependent contractions, which were inhibited by Cpd22 (3 µM) and BTT-3033 (1 µM) (inhibition around 37% by Cpd22 and 46% by BTT-3033 at 32 Hz). The thromboxane A2 analog U46619-induced concentration-dependent contractions, which were inhibited by Cpd22 and BTT-3033 (around 67% by Cpd22 and 39% by BTT-3033 at 30 µM U46619). Endothelin-1 induced concentration-dependent contractions, which were not affected by Cpd22 or BTT-3033. Noradrenaline and the α1 -adrenergic agonists methoxamine and phenylephrine-induced concentration-dependent contractions, which were not or very slightly inhibited by Cpd22 and BTT-3033. BOP did not change EFS- or agonist-induced contraction. CONCLUSIONS: Integrin α2ß1 and ILK inhibitors inhibit neurogenic and thromboxane A2 -induced prostate smooth muscle contraction in human BPH. A role for these targets for prostate smooth muscle contraction may appear possible.


Assuntos
Integrina alfa2beta1/antagonistas & inibidores , Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Próstata/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido 15-Hidroxi-11 alfa,9 alfa-(epoximetano)prosta-5,13-dienoico/farmacologia , Dipeptídeos/farmacologia , Humanos , Masculino , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Contração Muscular/fisiologia , Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Músculo Liso/fisiologia , Piperazinas/farmacologia , Próstata/metabolismo , Próstata/fisiologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Sulfonas/farmacologia , Tromboxano A2/metabolismo , Vasoconstritores/farmacologia
14.
Tumour Biol ; 42(4): 1010428320914475, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32252611

RESUMO

Hepatocellular carcinoma is a major cause of cancer mortality worldwide. The outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma depends mainly on its early diagnosis. To date, the performance of traditional biomarkers is unsatisfactory. Polo-like kinase 1 is a serine/threonine kinase that plays essential roles in cell cycle progression and deoxyribonucleic acid damage. Moreover, polo-like kinase 1 knockdown decreases the survival of hepatocellular carcinoma cells; therefore, polo-like kinase 1 is an attractive target for anticancer treatments. Nobiletin, a natural polymethoxy flavonoid, exhibits a potential antiproliferative effect against a wide variety of cancers. This study targets to identify a reliable diagnostic biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma and provide a potential therapeutic target for its treatment. Polo-like kinase 1 levels were analyzed in 44 hepatocellular carcinoma patients, 33 non-hepatocellular carcinoma liver cirrhosis patients and 15 healthy controls using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay method. Receiver operating characteristics curve analysis was used to establish a predictive model for polo-like kinase 1 relative to α-fetoprotein in hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis. Furthermore, in the in vitro study, gene expressions were assessed by quantitative polymerase chain reaction in two human hepatocellular carcinoma cell lines after treatment with doxorubicin and polo-like kinase 1 inhibitor volasertib (Vola) either alone or in combination with nobiletin. Cell viability was also determined using the crystal violet assay.: Serum polo-like kinase 1 levels in hepatocellular carcinoma patients were significantly higher than liver cirrhosis and control groups (p < 0.0001). Polo-like kinase 1 showed a reasonable sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value in hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis. Moreover, nobiletin improved inhibition of cell growth induced by Vola and doxorubicin. Regarding reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction results, nobiletin suppressed expressions of polo-like kinase 1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen and elevated expressions of P53, poly (ADPribose) polymerase 1, and caspase-3. Nobiletin/doxorubicin and nobiletin/Vola showed a significant increase in caspase-3 activity indicating cell apoptosis. Polo-like kinase 1 may be a potential biomarker for hepatocellular carcinoma diagnosis and follow-up during treatment with chemotherapies. In addition, nobiletin synergistically potentiates the doxorubicin and Vola-mediated anticancer effect that may be attributed partly to suppression of polo-like kinase 1 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen expression and enhancement of chemotherapy-induced apoptosis.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Caspase 3/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina/farmacologia , Flavonas/farmacologia , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Cirrose Hepática/patologia , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Antígeno Nuclear de Célula em Proliferação/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Pteridinas/farmacologia
15.
Gene ; 744: 144608, 2020 Jun 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234541

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the third most common malignancy worldwide. Novel and effective therapeutic targets are needed for PCa. The purpose of this study was to discover novel therapeutic targets for PCa by performing advanced analysis on PCa RNA sequencing (RNAseq) data from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). Weighted correlation-network analysis (WGCNA) was performed on the RNAseq data of tumor samples, and the module most relevant to the Gleason score was identified. Combining differential gene-expression analysis and survival analysis, we narrowed down potential therapeutic target genes and found that PKMYT1 might be one. Subsequently, functional studies (i.e., cell-proliferation assays, cell cycle analysis, and colony-formation assays) demonstrated that knockdown of PKMYT1 significantly inhibited the growth of PCa cells. Further investigation illustrated that PKMYT1 promoted the growth of PCa cells through targeting CCNB1 and CCNE1 expression. In addition, fostamatinib, an inhibitor of PKMYT1, effectively inhibited the proliferation of PCa cells. Taken together, our results suggest that PKMYT1 is a gene associated with malignancy of PCa and is a novel therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata/enzimologia , Ciclo Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células , Ciclina B1/genética , Ciclina B1/metabolismo , Ciclina E/genética , Ciclina E/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas Oncogênicas/genética , Proteínas Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Oxazinas/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Piridinas/uso terapêutico
16.
PLoS One ; 15(4): e0228771, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32255788

RESUMO

Hyperphosphorylated tau protein is a pathological hallmark of numerous neurodegenerative diseases and the level of tau pathology is correlated with the degree of cognitive impairment. Tau hyper-phosphorylation is thought to be an early initiating event in the cascade leading to tau toxicity and neuronal death. Inhibition of tau phosphorylation therefore represents an attractive therapeutic strategy. However, the widespread expression of most kinases and promiscuity of their substrates, along with poor selectivity of most kinase inhibitors, have resulted in systemic toxicities that have limited the advancement of tau kinase inhibitors into the clinic. We therefore focused on the CNS-specific tau kinase, TTBK1, and investigated whether selective inhibition of this kinase could represent a viable approach to targeting tau phosphorylation in disease. In the current study, we demonstrate that TTBK1 regulates tau phosphorylation using overexpression or knockdown of this kinase in heterologous cells and primary neurons. Importantly, we find that TTBK1-specific phosphorylation of tau leads to a loss of normal protein function including a decrease in tau-tubulin binding and deficits in tubulin polymerization. We then describe the use of a novel, selective small molecule antagonist, BIIB-TTBK1i, to study the acute effects of TTBK1 inhibition on tau phosphorylation in vivo. We demonstrate substantial lowering of tau phosphorylation at multiple sites implicated in disease, suggesting that TTBK1 inhibitors may represent an exciting new approach in the search for neurodegenerative disease therapies.


Assuntos
Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/enzimologia , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/enzimologia , Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas tau/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microtúbulos/efeitos dos fármacos , Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Especificidade de Órgãos , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Polimerização , Ligação Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
17.
J Neurosci ; 40(20): 3915-3932, 2020 05 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341094

RESUMO

Loss of sensory hair cells causes permanent hearing and balance deficits in humans and other mammals, but for nonmammals such deficits are temporary. Nonmammals recover hearing and balance sensitivity after supporting cells proliferate and differentiate into replacement hair cells. Evidence of mechanical differences between those sensory epithelia and their supporting cells prompted us to investigate whether the capacity to activate YAP, an effector in the mechanosensitive Hippo pathway, correlates with regenerative capacity in acceleration-sensing utricles of chickens and mice of both sexes. After hair cell ablation, YAP accumulated in supporting cell nuclei in chicken utricles and promoted regenerative proliferation, but YAP remained cytoplasmic and little proliferation occurred in mouse utricles. YAP localization in supporting cells was also more sensitive to shape change and inhibition of MST1/2 in chicken utricles than in mouse utricles. Genetic manipulations showed that in vivo expression of the YAP-S127A variant caused robust proliferation of neonatal mouse supporting cells, which produced progeny that expressed hair cell markers, but proliferative responses declined postnatally. Expression of YAP-5SA, which more effectively evades inhibitory phosphorylation, resulted in TEAD-dependent proliferation of striolar supporting cells, even in adult utricles. Conditional deletion of LATS1/2 kinases abolished the inhibitory phosphorylation of endogenous YAP and led to striolar proliferation in adult mouse utricles. The findings suggest that damage overcomes inhibitory Hippo signaling and facilitates regenerative proliferation in nonmammalian utricles, whereas constitutive LATS1/2 kinase activity suppresses YAP-TEAD signaling in mammalian utricles and contributes to maintaining the proliferative quiescence that appears to underlie the permanence of sensory deficits.SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT Loud sounds, ototoxic drugs, infections, and aging kill sensory hair cells in the ear, causing irreversible hearing loss and balance deficits for millions. In nonmammals, damage evokes shape changes in supporting cells, which can divide and regenerate hair cells. Such shape changes are limited in mammalian ears, where supporting cells develop E-cadherin-rich apical junctions reinforced by robust F-actin bands, and the cells fail to divide. Here, we find that damage readily activates YAP in supporting cells within balance epithelia of chickens, but not mice. Deleting LATS kinases or expressing YAP variants that evade LATS-mediated inhibitory phosphorylation induces proliferation in supporting cells of adult mice. YAP signaling eventually may be harnessed to overcome proliferative quiescence that limits regeneration in mammalian ears.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/fisiologia , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/fisiologia , Células Ciliadas Auditivas/fisiologia , Regeneração Nervosa/genética , Regeneração Nervosa/fisiologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/fisiologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas , Deleção de Genes , Variação Genética , Perda Auditiva/genética , Fator de Crescimento de Hepatócito/antagonistas & inibidores , Estimulador Tireóideo de Ação Prolongada , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/antagonistas & inibidores , Sáculo e Utrículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Especificidade da Espécie , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética
18.
Nat Chem Biol ; 16(6): 635-643, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32251410

RESUMO

Doublecortin like kinase 1 (DCLK1) is an understudied kinase that is upregulated in a wide range of cancers, including pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). However, little is known about its potential as a therapeutic target. We used chemoproteomic profiling and structure-based design to develop a selective, in vivo-compatible chemical probe of the DCLK1 kinase domain, DCLK1-IN-1. We demonstrate activity of DCLK1-IN-1 against clinically relevant patient-derived PDAC organoid models and use a combination of RNA-sequencing, proteomics and phosphoproteomics analysis to reveal that DCLK1 inhibition modulates proteins and pathways associated with cell motility in this context. DCLK1-IN-1 will serve as a versatile tool to investigate DCLK1 biology and establish its role in cancer.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/tratamento farmacológico , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteômica , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra
19.
PLoS One ; 15(3): e0224344, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32176701

RESUMO

A key event in the development of both major forms of diabetes is the loss of functional pancreatic islet ß-cell mass. Strategies aimed at enhancing ß-cell regeneration have long been pursued, but methods for reliably inducing human ß-cell proliferation with full retention of key functions such as glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) are still very limited. We have previously reported that overexpression of the homeobox transcription factor NKX6.1 stimulates ß-cell proliferation, while also enhancing GSIS and providing protection against ß-cell cytotoxicity through induction of the VGF prohormone. We developed an NKX6.1 pathway screen by stably transfecting 832/13 rat insulinoma cells with a VGF promoter-luciferase reporter construct, using the resultant cell line to screen a 630,000 compound chemical library. We isolated three compounds with consistent effects to stimulate human islet cell proliferation, but not expression of NKX6.1 or VGF, suggesting an alternative mechanism of action. Further studies of the most potent of these compounds, GNF-9228, revealed that it selectively activates human ß-cell relative to α-cell proliferation and has no effect on δ-cell replication. In addition, pre-treatment, but not short term exposure of human islets to GNF-9228 enhances GSIS. GNF-9228 also protects 832/13 insulinoma cells against ER stress- and inflammatory cytokine-induced cytotoxicity. GNF-9228 stimulates proliferation via a mechanism distinct from recently emergent DYRK1A inhibitors, as it is unaffected by DYRK1A overexpression and does not activate NFAT translocation. In conclusion, we have identified a small molecule with pleiotropic positive effects on islet biology, including stimulation of human ß-cell proliferation and insulin secretion, and protection against multiple agents of cytotoxic stress.


Assuntos
Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Secreção de Insulina/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/metabolismo , Insulinoma/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células Secretoras de Glucagon/metabolismo , Células Secretoras de Glucagon/patologia , Glucose/farmacologia , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Humanos , Células Secretoras de Insulina/patologia , Insulinoma/patologia , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Ratos
20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32159970

RESUMO

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) results in scarring of the lungs by excessive extracellular matrix (ECM) production. Resident fibroblasts are the major cell type involved in ECM deposition. The biochemical pathways that facilitate pathological fibroblast activation leading to aberrant ECM deposition are not fully understood. Tank binding protein kinase-1 (TBK1) is a kinase that regulates multiple signaling pathways and was recently identified as a candidate regulator of fibroblast activation in a large-scale small-interfering RNA (siRNA) screen. To determine the effect of TBK1 on fibroblast activation, TBK1 was inhibited pharmacologically (MRT-68601) and genetically (siRNA) in normal and IPF human lung fibroblasts. Reducing the activity or expression of TBK1 led to reduction in α-smooth muscle actin stress fiber levels by 40-60% and deposition of ECM components collagen I and fibronectin by 50% in TGF-ß-stimulated normal and IPF fibroblasts. YAP and TAZ are homologous mechanoregulatory profibrotic transcription cofactors known to regulate fibroblast activation. TBK1 knockdown or inhibition decreased the total and nuclear protein levels of YAP/TAZ. Additionally, low cell-cell contact and increased ECM substrate stiffness augmented the phosphorylation and activation of TBK1, consistent with cues that regulate YAP/TAZ. The action of TBK1 toward YAP/TAZ activation was independent of LATS1/2 and canonical downstream TBK1 signaling mediator IRF3 but dependent on proteasomal machinery of the cell. This study identifies TBK1 as a fibrogenic activator of human pulmonary fibroblasts, suggesting TBK1 may be a novel therapeutic target in pulmonary fibrosis.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Fibroblastos/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/genética , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/genética , Transativadores/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Actinas/genética , Actinas/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Comunicação Celular , Colágeno Tipo I/genética , Colágeno Tipo I/metabolismo , Matriz Extracelular/química , Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibroblastos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fibroblastos/patologia , Fibronectinas/genética , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/metabolismo , Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática/patologia , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/genética , Fator Regulador 3 de Interferon/metabolismo , Pulmão/metabolismo , Pulmão/patologia , Cultura Primária de Células , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Transativadores/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/farmacologia , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo
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