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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1026, 2021 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33589589

RESUMO

Proprioceptive neurons (PNs) are essential for the proper execution of all our movements by providing muscle sensory feedback to the central motor network. Here, using deep single cell RNAseq of adult PNs coupled with virus and genetic tracings, we molecularly identify three main types of PNs (Ia, Ib and II) and find that they segregate into eight distinct subgroups. Our data unveil a highly sophisticated organization of PNs into discrete sensory input channels with distinct spatial distribution, innervation patterns and molecular profiles. Altogether, these features contribute to finely regulate proprioception during complex motor behavior. Moreover, while Ib- and II-PN subtypes are specified around birth, Ia-PN subtypes diversify later in life along with increased motor activity. We also show Ia-PNs plasticity following exercise training, suggesting Ia-PNs are important players in adaptive proprioceptive function in adult mice.


Assuntos
Retroalimentação Sensorial/fisiologia , Gânglios Espinais/metabolismo , Neurônios Motores/metabolismo , Propriocepção/fisiologia , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Animais , Calbindina 1/genética , Calbindina 1/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Proteínas Correpressoras/genética , Proteínas Correpressoras/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 2 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/genética , Subunidade alfa 3 de Fator de Ligação ao Core/metabolismo , Gânglios Espinais/citologia , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Lectinas Tipo C/genética , Lectinas Tipo C/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Neurônios Motores/classificação , Neurônios Motores/citologia , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Condicionamento Físico Animal , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/classificação , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/citologia , Análise de Célula Única , Medula Espinal/citologia , Medula Espinal/metabolismo
2.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(24)2020 Dec 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33322515

RESUMO

Skeletal myogenesis is a multi-stage process that includes the cell cycle exit, myogenic transcriptional activation, and morphological changes to form multinucleated myofibers. Recent studies have shown that saturated fatty acids (SFA) and miRNAs play crucial roles in myogenesis and muscle homeostasis. Nevertheless, the target molecules and myogenic regulatory mechanisms of miRNAs are largely unknown, particularly when myogenesis is dysregulated by SFA deposition. This study investigated the critical role played by miR-96-5p on the myogenic differentiation in C2C12 myoblasts. Long-chain SFA palmitic acid (PA) significantly reduced FHL1 expression and inhibited the myogenic differentiation of C2C12 myoblasts but induced miR-96-5p expression. The knockdown of FHL1 by siRNA stimulated cell proliferation and inhibited myogenic differentiation of myoblasts. Interestingly, miR-96-5p suppressed FHL1 expression by directly targeting the 3'UTR of FHL1 mRNA. The transfection of an miR-96-5p mimic upregulated the expressions of cell cycle-related genes, such as PCNA, CCNB1, and CCND1, and increased myoblast proliferation. Moreover, the miR-96-5p mimic inhibited the expressions of myogenic factors, such as myoblast determination protein (MyoD), myogenin (MyoG), myocyte enhancer factor 2C (MEF2C), and myosin heavy chain (MyHC), and dramatically impeded differentiation and fusion of myoblasts. Overall, this study highlights the role of miR-96-5p in myogenesis via FHL1 suppression and suggests a novel regulatory mechanism for myogenesis mediated by miRNA in a background of obesity.


Assuntos
Ácido Palmítico/farmacologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas/genética , Animais , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular , Imunofluorescência , Immunoblotting , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/genética , Fatores de Transcrição MEF2/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/genética , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Desenvolvimento Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Proteína MyoD/genética , Proteína MyoD/metabolismo , Miogenina/genética , Miogenina/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
3.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4913, 2020 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33004813

RESUMO

Reprograming of proline metabolism is critical for tumor growth. Here we show that PINCH-1 is highly expressed in lung adenocarcinoma and promotes proline synthesis through regulation of mitochondrial dynamics. Knockout (KO) of PINCH-1 increases dynamin-related protein 1 (DRP1) expression and mitochondrial fragmentation, which suppresses kindlin-2 mitochondrial translocation and interaction with pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1 (PYCR1), resulting in inhibition of proline synthesis and cell proliferation. Depletion of DRP1 reverses PINCH-1 deficiency-induced defects on mitochondrial dynamics, proline synthesis and cell proliferation. Furthermore, overexpression of PYCR1 in PINCH-1 KO cells restores proline synthesis and cell proliferation, and suppresses DRP1 expression and mitochondrial fragmentation. Finally, ablation of PINCH-1 from lung adenocarcinoma in mouse increases DRP1 expression and inhibits PYCR1 expression, proline synthesis, fibrosis and tumor growth. Our results identify a signaling axis consisting of PINCH-1, DRP1 and PYCR1 that regulates mitochondrial dynamics and proline synthesis, and suggest an attractive strategy for alleviation of tumor growth.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/patologia , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Células A549 , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/genética , Adenocarcinoma de Pulmão/mortalidade , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Dinaminas/metabolismo , Feminino , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Pulmão/citologia , Pulmão/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/mortalidade , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Dinâmica Mitocondrial , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Prolina/biossíntese , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas p21(ras)/genética , Pirrolina Carboxilato Redutases/metabolismo , Análise de Sobrevida
4.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 4666, 2020 09 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32938943

RESUMO

Intercalated discs (ICD), specific cell-to-cell contacts that connect adjacent cardiomyocytes, ensure mechanical and electrochemical coupling during contraction of the heart. Mutations in genes encoding ICD components are linked to cardiovascular diseases. Here, we show that loss of Xinß, a newly-identified component of ICDs, results in cardiomyocyte proliferation defects and cardiomyopathy. We uncovered a role for Xinß in signaling via the Hippo-YAP pathway by recruiting NF2 to the ICD to modulate cardiac function. In Xinß mutant hearts levels of phosphorylated NF2 are substantially reduced, suggesting an impairment of Hippo-YAP signaling. Cardiac-specific overexpression of YAP rescues cardiac defects in Xinß knock-out mice-indicating a functional and genetic interaction between Xinß and YAP. Our study reveals a molecular mechanism by which cardiac-expressed intercalated disc protein Xinß modulates Hippo-YAP signaling to control heart development and cardiac function in a tissue specific manner. Consequently, this pathway may represent a therapeutic target for the treatment of cardiovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Proteínas Serina-Treonina Quinases/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Cardiomiopatia Dilatada/genética , Comunicação Celular , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Ventrículos do Coração/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , Miócitos Cardíacos/citologia , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Neurofibromina 2/genética , Neurofibromina 2/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Transdução de Sinais
5.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(41): 25532-25542, 2020 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32989126

RESUMO

The actin cytoskeleton assembles into diverse load-bearing networks, including stress fibers (SFs), muscle sarcomeres, and the cytokinetic ring to both generate and sense mechanical forces. The LIM (Lin11, Isl- 1, and Mec-3) domain family is functionally diverse, but most members can associate with the actin cytoskeleton with apparent force sensitivity. Zyxin rapidly localizes via its LIM domains to failing SFs in cells, known as strain sites, to initiate SF repair and maintain mechanical homeostasis. The mechanism by which these LIM domains associate with stress fiber strain sites (SFSS) is not known. Additionally, it is unknown how widespread strain sensing is within the LIM protein family. We identify that the LIM domain-containing region of 18 proteins from the Zyxin, Paxillin, Tes, and Enigma proteins accumulate to SFSS. Moreover, the LIM domain region from the fission yeast protein paxillin like 1 (Pxl1) also localizes to SFSS in mammalian cells, suggesting that the strain sensing mechanism is ancient and highly conserved. We then used sequence and domain analysis to demonstrate that tandem LIM domains contribute additively, for SFSS localization. Employing in vitro reconstitution, we show that the LIM domain-containing region from mammalian zyxin and fission yeast Pxl1 binds to mechanically stressed F-actin networks but does not associate with relaxed actin filaments. We propose that tandem LIM domains recognize an F-actin conformation that is rare in the relaxed state but is enriched in the presence of mechanical stress.


Assuntos
Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/fisiologia , Fibras de Estresse/metabolismo , Fibras de Estresse/fisiologia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Fenômenos Biomecânicos/fisiologia , Linhagem Celular , Sequência Conservada , Evolução Molecular , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/química , Camundongos , Miosinas/química , Miosinas/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica/fisiologia , Fibras de Estresse/química , Estresse Mecânico , Leveduras
6.
Nucleic Acids Res ; 48(18): 10226-10240, 2020 10 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32960220

RESUMO

The underlying mechanism of transcriptional co-repressor ETO2 during early erythropoiesis and hemoglobin switching is unclear. We find that absence of ETO2 in mice interferes with down-regulation of PU.1 and GATA2 in the fetal liver, impeding a key step required for commitment to erythroid maturation. In human ß-globin transgenic Eto2 null mice and in human CD34+ erythroid progenitor cells with reduced ETO2, loss of ETO2 results in ineffective silencing of embryonic/fetal globin gene expression, impeding hemoglobin switching during erythroid differentiation. ETO2 occupancy genome-wide occurs virtually exclusively at LDB1-complex binding sites in enhancers and ETO2 loss leads to increased enhancer activity and expression of target genes. ETO2 recruits the NuRD nucleosome remodeling and deacetylation complex to regulate histone acetylation and nucleosome occupancy in the ß-globin locus control region and γ-globin gene. Loss of ETO2 elevates LDB1, MED1 and Pol II in the locus and facilitates fetal γ-globin/LCR looping and γ-globin transcription. Absence of the ETO2 hydrophobic heptad repeat region impairs ETO2-NuRD interaction and function in antagonizing γ-globin/LCR looping. Our results reveal a pivotal role for ETO2 in erythropoiesis and globin gene switching through its repressive role in the LDB1 complex, affecting the transcription factor and epigenetic environment and ultimately restructuring chromatin organization.


Assuntos
Cromatina/metabolismo , Eritropoese , Proteínas Repressoras/metabolismo , Animais , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Células Eritroides , Humanos , Células K562 , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Complexo Mi-2 de Remodelação de Nucleossomo e Desacetilase/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , gama-Globinas/metabolismo
7.
Gene ; 761: 145046, 2020 Nov 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32781192

RESUMO

Many studies have shown that the LDB2 gene plays a regulatory role in retinal development and the cell cycle, but its biological role remains unclear. In this study, a 31-bp indel in the LDB2 gene was found for the first time on the basis of 2797 individuals from 10 different breeds, which led to different genotypes among individuals (II, ID and DD). Among these genotypes, DD was the most dominant. Association analysis of an F2 resource population crossed with the Gushi (GS) chicken and Anka chicken showed that the DD genotype conferred a significantly greater semi-evisceration weight (SEW, 1108.665 g ± 6.263), evisceration weight (EW, 927.455 g ± 5.424), carcass weight (CW, 1197.306 g ± 6.443), breast muscle weight (BMW, 71.05 g ± 0.574), and leg muscle weight (LMW, 100.303 g ± 0.677) than the ID genotype (SEW, 1059.079 g ± 16.86; EW, 879.459 g ± 14.446; CW, 1141.821 g ± 17.176; BMW, 67.164 g ± 1.523; and LMW, 96.163 g ± 1.823). In addition, LDB2 gene expression in different breeds was significantly higher in the breast muscles and leg muscles than in other tissues. The expression level in the breast muscle differed significantly among stages of GS chicken development, with the highest expression observed at 6 weeks. The expression levels in the pectoral muscles differed significantly among Ross 308 genotypes. In summary, we studied the relationships between a 31-bp indel in the LDB2 gene and economic traits in chickens. The indel was significantly correlated with multiple growth and carcass traits in the F2 resource population and affected the expression of the LDB2 gene in muscle tissue. In short, our study revealed that the LDB2 gene 31-bp indel can be used as a potential genetic marker for molecular breeding.


Assuntos
Galinhas/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Animais , Biomarcadores/análise , Cruzamento/métodos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Genótipo , Mutação INDEL , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Carne , Músculos Peitorais , Fenótipo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Produtos Avícolas
8.
Mol Cells ; 43(5): 469-478, 2020 May 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32344996

RESUMO

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) propagation is highly dependent on cellular proteins. To identify the host factors involved in HCV propagation, we previously performed protein microarray assays and identified the LIM and SH3 domain protein 1 (LASP-1) as an HCV NS5A-interacting partner. LASP-1 plays an important role in the regulation of cell proliferation, migration, and protein-protein interactions. Alteration of LASP-1 expression has been implicated in hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the functional involvement of LASP1 in HCV propagation and HCV-induced pathogenesis has not been elucidated. Here, we first verified the protein interaction of NS5A and LASP-1 by both in vitro pulldown and coimmunoprecipitation assays. We further showed that NS5A and LASP-1 were colocalized in the cytoplasm of HCV infected cells. NS5A interacted with LASP-1 through the proline motif in domain I of NS5A and the tryptophan residue in the SH3 domain of LASP-1. Knockdown of LASP-1 increased HCV replication in both HCV-infected cells and HCV subgenomic replicon cells. LASP-1 negatively regulated viral propagation and thereby overexpression of LASP-1 decreased HCV replication. Moreover, HCV propagation was decreased by wild-type LASP-1 but not by an NS5A binding-defective mutant of LASP-1. We further demonstrated that LASP-1 was involved in the replication stage of the HCV life cycle. Importantly, LASP-1 expression levels were increased in persistently infected cells with HCV. These data suggest that HCV modulates LASP-1 via NS5A in order to regulate virion levels and maintain a persistent infection.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/metabolismo , Hepacivirus/fisiologia , Hepatite C/virologia , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Hepatite C/transmissão , Proteínas de Homeodomínio/genética , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Análise Serial de Proteínas , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos/genética , Proteínas não Estruturais Virais/genética , Replicação Viral
10.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(7): 1705-1721, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32268790

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: A decrease in nitric oxide, leading to vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation, is a common pathological feature of vascular proliferative diseases. Nitric oxide synthesis by eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase) is precisely regulated by protein kinases including AKT1. ENH (enigma homolog protein) is a scaffolding protein for multiple protein kinases, but whether it regulates eNOS activation and vascular remodeling remains unknown. Approach and Results: ENH was upregulated in injured mouse arteries and human atherosclerotic plaques and was associated with coronary artery disease. Neointima formation in carotid arteries, induced by ligation or wire injury, was greatly decreased in endothelium-specific ENH-knockout mice. Vascular ligation reduced AKT and eNOS phosphorylation and nitric oxide production in the endothelium of control but not ENH-knockout mice. ENH was found to interact with AKT1 and its phosphatase PHLPP2 (pleckstrin homology domain and leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 2). AKT and eNOS activation were prolonged in VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor)-induced ENH- or PHLPP2-deficient endothelial cells. Inhibitors of either AKT or eNOS effectively restored ligation-induced neointima formation in ENH-knockout mice. Moreover, endothelium-specific PHLPP2-knockout mice displayed reduced ligation-induced neointima formation. Finally, PHLPP2 was increased in the endothelia of human atherosclerotic plaques and blood cells from patients with coronary artery disease. CONCLUSIONS: ENH forms a complex with AKT1 and its phosphatase PHLPP2 to negatively regulate AKT1 activation in the artery endothelium. AKT1 deactivation, a decrease in nitric oxide generation, and subsequent neointima formation induced by vascular injury are mediated by ENH and PHLPP2. ENH and PHLPP2 are thus new proatherosclerotic factors that could be therapeutically targeted.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/enzimologia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/enzimologia , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo III/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/deficiência , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Animais , Aterosclerose/enzimologia , Aterosclerose/patologia , Aterosclerose/fisiopatologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/genética , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/patologia , Lesões das Artérias Carótidas/fisiopatologia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/patologia , Artéria Carótida Primitiva/fisiopatologia , Células Cultivadas , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/enzimologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/patologia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/fisiopatologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana/enzimologia , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/deficiência , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Neointima , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/deficiência , Fosfoproteínas Fosfatases/genética , Fosforilação , Transdução de Sinais
11.
Mol Cell Biol ; 40(12)2020 05 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32229578

RESUMO

The LMO2/LDB1 macromolecular complex is critical in hematopoietic stem and progenitor cell specification and in the development of acute leukemia. This complex is comprised of core subunits of LMO2 and LDB1 as well as single-stranded DNA-binding protein (SSBP) cofactors and DNA-binding basic helix-loop-helix (bHLH) and GATA transcription factors. We analyzed the steady-state abundance and kinetic stability of LMO2 and its partners via Halo protein tagging in conjunction with variant proteins deficient in binding their respective direct protein partners. We discovered a hierarchy of protein stabilities (with half-lives in descending order) as follows: LDB1 > SSBP > LMO2 > TAL1. Importantly, LDB1 is a remarkably stable protein that confers enhanced stability upon direct and indirect partners, thereby nucleating the formation of the multisubunit protein complex. The data imply that free subunits are more rapidly degraded than those incorporated within the LMO2/LDB1 complex. Our studies provided significant insights into LMO2/LDB1 macromolecular protein complex assembly and stability, which has implications for understanding its role in blood cell formation and for therapeutically targeting this complex in human leukemias.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Leucemia/metabolismo , Proteínas Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Complexo de Endopeptidases do Proteassoma/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Estabilidade Proteica , Proteólise , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Leucemia Linfocítica Aguda de Células T/metabolismo , Ubiquitina/metabolismo
12.
Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol ; 318(5): L1036-L1055, 2020 05 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32130030

RESUMO

Mechanical tension and humoral stimuli can induce transitions in airway smooth muscle phenotype between a synthetic inflammatory state that promotes cytokine secretion and a differentiated state that promotes the expression of smooth muscle phenotype-specific proteins. When tissues are maintained under high tension, Akt activation and eotaxin secretion are suppressed, but expression of the differentiation marker protein, smooth muscle myosin heavy chain (SmMHC), is promoted. When tissues are maintained under low tension, Akt activation and eotaxin secretion are stimulated, and the differentiated phenotype is suppressed. We hypothesized that mechanical stimuli are differentially transduced to Akt-mediated signaling pathways that regulate phenotype expression by α-parvin and ß-parvin integrin-linked kinase/PINCH/parvin (IPP) signaling complexes within integrin adhesomes. High tension or ACh triggered paxillin phosphorylation and the binding of phospho-paxillin to ß-parvin IPP complexes. This inhibited Akt activation and promoted SmMHC expression. Low tension or IL-4 did not elicit paxillin phosphorylation and triggered the binding of unphosphorylated paxillin to α-parvin IPP complexes, which promoted Akt activation and eotaxin secretion and suppressed SmMHC expression. Expression of a nonphosphorylatable paxillin mutant or ß-parvin depletion by siRNA promoted the inflammatory phenotype, whereas the depletion of α-parvin promoted the differentiated phenotype. Results demonstrate that phenotype expression is regulated by the differential interaction of phosphorylated and unphosphorylated paxillin with α-parvin and ß-parvin IPP complexes and that these complexes have opposite effects on the activation of Akt. Our results describe a novel molecular mechanism for transduction of mechanical and humoral stimuli within integrin signaling complexes to regulate phenotype expression in airway smooth muscle.


Assuntos
Actinina/genética , Mecanotransdução Celular , Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Paxilina/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/genética , Traqueia/metabolismo , Acetilcolina/farmacologia , Actinina/metabolismo , Animais , Quimiocina CCL11/genética , Quimiocina CCL11/metabolismo , Cães , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Interleucina-4/genética , Interleucina-4/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Masculino , Contração Muscular/efeitos dos fármacos , Contração Muscular/genética , Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/citologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Paxilina/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Isoformas de Proteínas/genética , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Miosinas de Músculo Liso/genética , Miosinas de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Traqueia/efeitos dos fármacos
13.
Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol ; 40(5): 1256-1274, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32160773

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In view of our previous observations on differential expression of LMCD1 (LIM and cysteine-rich domains 1) in human versus rodents, we asked the question whether LMCD1 plays a species-specific role in the development of vascular lesions. Approach and Results: A combination of genetic, molecular, cellular, and disease models were used to test species-specific role of LMCD1 in the pathogenesis of vascular lesions. Here, we report species-specific regulation of LMCD1 expression in mediating vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation and migration during vascular wall remodeling in humans versus mice. Thrombin induced LMCD1 expression in human aortic smooth muscle cells but not mouse aortic smooth muscle cells via activation of Par1 (protease-activated receptor 1)-Gαq/11 (Gα protein q/11)-PLCß3 (phospholipase Cß3)-NFATc1 (nuclear factor of activated T cells 1) signaling. Furthermore, although LMCD1 mediates thrombin-induced proliferation and migration of both human aortic smooth muscle cells and mouse aortic smooth muscle cells via influencing E2F1 (E2F transcription factor 1)-mediated CDC6 (cell division cycle 6) expression and NFATc1-mediated IL (interleukin)-33 expression, respectively, in humans, it acts as an activator, and in mice, it acts as a repressor of these transcriptional factors. Interestingly, LMCD1 repressor activity was nullified by N-myristoyltransferase 2-mediated myristoylation in mouse. Besides, we found increased expression of LMCD1 in human stenotic arteries as compared to nonstenotic arteries. On the other hand, LMCD1 expression was decreased in neointimal lesions of mouse injured arteries as compared to noninjured arteries. CONCLUSIONS: Together, these observations reveal that LMCD1 acts as an activator and repressor of E2F1 and NFATc1 in humans and mice, respectively, in the induction of CDC6 and IL-33 expression during development of vascular lesions. Based on these findings, LMCD could be a potential target for drug development against restenosis and atherosclerosis in humans.


Assuntos
Proteínas Correpressoras/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/metabolismo , Interleucina-33/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Músculo Liso Vascular/metabolismo , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/metabolismo , Remodelação Vascular , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/metabolismo , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Células Cultivadas , Proteínas Correpressoras/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fator de Transcrição E2F1/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Interleucina-33/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Músculo Liso Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Músculo Liso Vascular/patologia , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/patologia , Ácido Mirístico/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição NFATC/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional , Transdução de Sinais , Especificidade da Espécie , Trombina/farmacologia , Remodelação Vascular/efeitos dos fármacos , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/genética , Lesões do Sistema Vascular/patologia
14.
Biomed Environ Sci ; 33(3): 158-164, 2020 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32209174

RESUMO

Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-androgenic mechanism of cypermethrin involving coactivators. Methods: Mammalian two-hybrid assays were performed to study the effects of cypermethrin on interactions of the androgen receptor (AR) with the coactivators androgen receptor-associated protein 70 (ARA70) and androgen receptor-associated protein 55 (ARA55). Results: The results showed that AR-ARA70 and AR-ARA55 interactions were remarkably enhanced by dihydrotestosterone (DHT, P ≤ 0.05). Cypermethrin inhibited DHT-induced AR-ARA70 and AR-ARA55 interactions significantly ( P ≤ 0.05). Conclusion: The study indicates that cypermethrin exhibits inhibitory effects on AR transcription associated with repression of AR-ARA70 and AR-ARA55 interactions in a ligand-dependent manner. The data show novel anti-androgenic mechanisms of cypermethrin that contribute to male reproductive toxicology.


Assuntos
Antagonistas de Androgênios/farmacologia , Inseticidas/efeitos adversos , Piretrinas/efeitos adversos , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Receptores de Andrógenos/efeitos adversos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , Chlorocebus aethiops , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Coativadores de Receptor Nuclear/metabolismo , Técnicas do Sistema de Duplo-Híbrido
15.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 1017, 2020 02 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32094367

RESUMO

Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have social interaction deficits and difficulty filtering information. Inhibitory interneurons filter information at pyramidal neurons of the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC), an integration hub for higher-order thalamic inputs important for social interaction. Humans with deletions including LMO4, an endogenous inhibitor of PTP1B, display intellectual disabilities and occasionally autism. PV-Lmo4KO mice ablate Lmo4 in PV interneurons and display ASD-like repetitive behaviors and social interaction deficits. Surprisingly, increased PV neuron-mediated peri-somatic feedforward inhibition to the pyramidal neurons causes a compensatory reduction in (somatostatin neuron-mediated) dendritic inhibition. These homeostatic changes increase filtering of mediodorsal-thalamocortical inputs but reduce filtering of cortico-cortical inputs and narrow the range of stimuli ACC pyramidal neurons can distinguish. Simultaneous ablation of PTP1B in PV-Lmo4KO neurons prevents these deficits, indicating that PTP1B activation in PV interneurons contributes to ASD-like characteristics and homeostatic maladaptation of inhibitory circuits may contribute to deficient information filtering in ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/fisiopatologia , Giro do Cíngulo/fisiopatologia , Rede Nervosa/metabolismo , Parvalbuminas/metabolismo , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/metabolismo , Potenciais de Ação/fisiologia , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Animais , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/patologia , Técnicas de Observação do Comportamento , Comportamento Animal/fisiologia , Dendritos/fisiologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Potenciais Evocados/fisiologia , Feminino , Giro do Cíngulo/citologia , Giro do Cíngulo/patologia , Humanos , Interneurônios/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Inibição Neural/fisiologia , Proteína Tirosina Fosfatase não Receptora Tipo 1/genética , Células Piramidais/metabolismo , Somatostatina/metabolismo , Técnicas Estereotáxicas , Tálamo/citologia , Tálamo/metabolismo
16.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 778, 2020 02 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32034129

RESUMO

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness. Genetic variants at the chromosome 1q31.3 encompassing the complement factor H (CFH, FH) and CFH related genes (CFHR1-5) are major determinants of AMD susceptibility, but their molecular consequences remain unclear. Here we demonstrate that FHR-4 plays a prominent role in AMD pathogenesis. We show that systemic FHR-4 levels are elevated in AMD (P-value = 7.1 × 10-6), whereas no difference is seen for FH. Furthermore, FHR-4 accumulates in the choriocapillaris, Bruch's membrane and drusen, and can compete with FH/FHL-1 for C3b binding, preventing FI-mediated C3b cleavage. Critically, the protective allele of the strongest AMD-associated CFH locus variant rs10922109 has the highest association with reduced FHR-4 levels (P-value = 2.2 × 10-56), independently of the AMD-protective CFHR1-3 deletion, and even in those individuals that carry the high-risk allele of rs1061170 (Y402H). Our findings identify FHR-4 as a key molecular player contributing to complement dysregulation in AMD.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas/genética , Apolipoproteínas/metabolismo , Degeneração Macular/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Idoso , Apolipoproteínas/sangue , Capilares/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Ativação do Complemento , Fator H do Complemento/metabolismo , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Haplótipos , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Fígado/fisiologia , Degeneração Macular/genética , Degeneração Macular/patologia , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Retina/metabolismo , Retina/patologia
17.
Anim Sci J ; 91(1): e13333, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31909524

RESUMO

Uterine has a pivotal role in implantation and conceptus development. To prepare a conducive uterine condition for possibly new gestation during the estrous cycle, uterine endometrium undergoes dramatic remodeling. In addition, angiogenesis is an indispensable biological process of endometrium remodeling. Furthermore, essential protein expressions related to important biological processes of endometrium remodeling, which are vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), myoglobin (MYG), collagen type IV (COL4), fucosyltransferase IV (FUT4), and cysteine-rich protein 2 (CRP2), were detected in the endometrial tissue reported in many previous studies and recently discovered in histotroph substrates during the estrous cycle. Those proteins, which are liable for provoking new vessel development, cell proliferation, cell adhesion, and cell migration, were expressed higher in the histotroph during the luteal phase than follicular phase. Histotroph proteins considerably contribute to endometrium remodeling during the estrous cycle. To that end, the following review will discuss and highlight the relevant information and evidence of the uterine fluid proteins as endometrial-secreted factors that adequately indicate the potential role of the uterine secretions to be involved in the endometrial remodeling process.


Assuntos
Endométrio/metabolismo , Endométrio/fisiologia , Ciclo Estral/fisiologia , Indutores da Angiogênese , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Adesão Celular , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Colágeno Tipo IV/metabolismo , Endométrio/irrigação sanguínea , Endométrio/citologia , Feminino , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Mioglobina/metabolismo , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo
18.
Life Sci Alliance ; 3(1)2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31959624

RESUMO

Nucleoporin 93 (Nup93) expression inversely correlates with the survival of triple-negative breast cancer patients. However, our knowledge of Nup93 function in breast cancer besides its role as structural component of the nuclear pore complex is not understood. Combination of functional assays and genetic analyses suggested that chromatin interaction of Nup93 partially modulates the expression of genes associated with actin cytoskeleton remodeling and epithelial to mesenchymal transition, resulting in impaired invasion of triple-negative, claudin-low breast cancer cells. Nup93 depletion induced stress fiber formation associated with reduced cell migration/proliferation and impaired expression of mesenchymal-like genes. Silencing LIMCH1, a gene responsible for actin cytoskeleton remodeling and up-regulated upon Nup93 depletion, partially restored the invasive phenotype of cancer cells. Loss of Nup93 led to significant defects in tumor establishment/propagation in vivo, whereas patient samples revealed that high Nup93 and low LIMCH1 expression correlate with late tumor stage. Our approach identified Nup93 as contributor of triple-negative, claudin-low breast cancer cell invasion and paves the way to study the role of nuclear envelope proteins during breast cancer tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Citoesqueleto de Actina/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/genética , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/genética , Citoesqueleto de Actina/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Poro Nuclear/genética , Poro Nuclear/metabolismo , Complexo de Proteínas Formadoras de Poros Nucleares/metabolismo , Interferência de RNA , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/metabolismo , Neoplasias de Mama Triplo Negativas/patologia
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(3)2020 Jan 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31979369

RESUMO

CSRP3/MLP (cysteine-rich protein 3/muscle Lim protein), a member of the cysteine-rich protein family, is a muscle-specific LIM-only factor specifically expressed in skeletal muscle. CSRP3 is critical in maintaining the structure and function of normal muscle. To investigate the mechanism of disease in CSRP3 myopathy, we performed siRNA-mediated CSRP3 knockdown in chicken primary myoblasts. CSRP3 silencing resulted in the down-regulation of the expression of myogenic genes and the up-regulation of atrophy-related gene expressions. We found that CSRP3 interacted with LC3 protein to promote the formation of autophagosomes during autophagy. CSRP3-silencing impaired myoblast autophagy, as evidenced by inhibited autophagy-related ATG5 and ATG7 mRNA expression levels, and inhibited LC3II and Beclin-1 protein accumulation. In addition, impaired autophagy in CSRP3-silenced cells resulted in increased sensitivity to apoptosis cell death. CSRP3-silenced cells also showed increased caspase-3 and caspase-9 cleavage. Moreover, apoptosis induced by CSRP3 silencing was alleviated after autophagy activation. Together, these results indicate that CSRP3 promotes the correct formation of autophagosomes through its interaction with LC3 protein, which has an important role in skeletal muscle remodeling and maintenance.


Assuntos
Autofagossomos/metabolismo , Autofagia/genética , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Distrofias Musculares/metabolismo , Mioblastos/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/genética , Autofagossomos/ultraestrutura , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Proteína 5 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteína 7 Relacionada à Autofagia/genética , Proteína 7 Relacionada à Autofagia/metabolismo , Proteína Beclina-1/metabolismo , Caspases/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Embrião de Galinha , Galinhas , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Ontologia Genética , Inativação Gênica , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Proteínas Associadas aos Microtúbulos/genética , Desenvolvimento Muscular/genética , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/citologia , Fibras Musculares Esqueléticas/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Distrofias Musculares/genética , Mioblastos/ultraestrutura , RNA Interferente Pequeno , RNA-Seq
20.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(2): 1042-1048, 2020 01 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892537

RESUMO

The Lim domain binding proteins (LDB1 and LDB2 in human and Chip in Drosophila) play critical roles in cell fate decisions through partnership with multiple Lim-homeobox and Lim-only proteins in diverse developmental systems including cardiogenesis, neurogenesis, and hematopoiesis. In mammalian erythroid cells, LDB1 dimerization supports long-range connections between enhancers and genes involved in erythropoiesis, including the ß-globin genes. Single-stranded DNA binding proteins (SSBPs) interact specifically with the LDB/Chip conserved domain (LCCD) of LDB proteins and stabilize LDBs by preventing their proteasomal degradation, thus promoting their functions in gene regulation. The structural basis for LDB1 self-interaction and interface with SSBPs is unclear. Here we report a crystal structure of the human LDB1/SSBP2 complex at 2.8-Å resolution. The LDB1 dimerization domain (DD) contains an N-terminal nuclear transport factor 2 (NTF2)-like subdomain and a small helix 4-helix 5 subdomain, which together form the LDB1 dimerization interface. The 2 LCCDs in the symmetric LDB1 dimer flank the core DDs, with each LCCD forming extensive interactions with an SSBP2 dimer. The conserved linker between LDB1 DD and LCCD covers a potential ligand-binding pocket of the LDB1 NTF2-like subdomain and may serve as a regulatory site for LDB1 structure and function. Our structural and biochemical data provide a much-anticipated structural basis for understanding how LDB1 and the LDB1/SSBP interactions form the structural core of diverse complexes mediating cell choice decisions and long-range enhancer-promoter interactions.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/química , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/química , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/metabolismo , Domínios e Motivos de Interação entre Proteínas , Fatores de Transcrição/química , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Dimerização , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas com Domínio LIM/genética , Modelos Moleculares , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Ligação Proteica , Conformação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
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