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1.
BMC Ophthalmol ; 19(1): 191, 2019 Aug 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31438893

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To investigate the efficacy and safety of repeated phototherapeutic keratectomies (PTKs) during long-term treatment for corneal dystrophy (CD) in a Chinese pedigree carrying the R124L mutation in TGFBI. METHODS: This was a retrospective review of 20-year medical and genetic records involving five CD patients (10 eyes) from one pedigree. During this period, PTK was conducted for an eye when best-corrected distance visual acuity (BCDVA) reached > 1.0 (LogMAR), due to either primary or recurrent opacities in the cornea. All PTKs were performed by 193-nm excimer laser with or without creation of epithelial flaps. For each eye, routine measurements were conducted for the number of PTKs during follow-up, mean time to recurrence, and BCDVA pre- and post- every PTK (measurements within 3 months from each PTK). Corneal thicknesses measured after the last PTK and at the last visit were analyzed, and subjective satisfaction was assessed. RESULTS: Gene testing revealed an R124L mutation in TGFBI. During 19.60 ± 1.78 years of follow-up, PTKs were conducted twice for three eyes, three times for six eyes, and four times for one eye. After each PTK, effective visual acuity was maintained for 3.60 ± 1.12 years before significant recurrence. BCDVA improved significantly postoperatively than preoperatively for the first PTK for each eye (p < 0.001), as well as the second (p < 0.001) and third one (p < 0.001). After the last PTK and at the final visit, the thinnest corneal thickness was 371.50 ± 56.47 µm and 358.40 ± 101.11 µm, respectively. The average subjective satisfaction score was 8.60 ± 0.89. CONCLUSIONS: Multiple repeated PTKs were effective and safe in a long-term study of CD patients with an R124L mutation in TGFBI.


Assuntos
Córnea/cirurgia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/cirurgia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Previsões , Lasers de Excimer/uso terapêutico , Mutação , Ceratectomia Fotorrefrativa/métodos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Adulto , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Córnea/patologia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/epidemiologia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/genética , DNA/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Resultado do Tratamento , Acuidade Visual
2.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e058, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432925

RESUMO

Cementum is the mineralized tissue covering the tooth root that functions in tooth attachment and post-eruptive adjustment of tooth position. It has been reported to be highly similar to bone in several respects but remains poorly understood in terms of development and regeneration. Here, we investigate whether cementocytes, the residing cells in cellular cementum, have the potential to be protagonist in cementum homeostasis, responding to endocrine signals and directing local cementum metabolism. Cells from healthy erupted human teeth were isolated using sequential collagenase/EDTA digestions, and maintained in standard cell culture conditions. A cementocyte-like cell line was cloned (HCY-23, for human cementocyte clone 23), which presented a cementocyte compatible gene expression signature, including the expression of dentin matrix protein 1 ( DMP1 ), sclerostin ( SOST ), and E11/gp38/podoplanin ( E11 ). In contrast, these cells did not express the odontoblast/dentin marker dentin sialoprotein ( DSPP ). HCY-23 cells produced mineral-like nodules in vitro under differentiation conditions, and were highly responsive to inorganic phosphate (Pi). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that cementocytes are phosphate-responsive cells, and have the potential do play a key role in periodontal homeostasis and regeneration.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Cultura de Células/métodos , Cemento Dentário/citologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Análise de Variância , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/análise , Proteínas Morfogenéticas Ósseas/genética , Linhagem Celular , Cemento Dentário/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/análise , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Imunofluorescência , Expressão Gênica , Marcadores Genéticos/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/análise , Glicoproteínas de Membrana/genética , Dente Molar/citologia , Fosfatos/farmacologia , Fosfoproteínas/análise , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Sialoglicoproteínas/análise , Sialoglicoproteínas/genética , Fatores de Tempo , Adulto Jovem
3.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 915-927, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31110316

RESUMO

The molecular and cellular processes that lead to renal damage and to the heterogeneity of lupus nephritis (LN) are not well understood. We applied single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) to renal biopsies from patients with LN and evaluated skin biopsies as a potential source of diagnostic and prognostic markers of renal disease. Type I interferon (IFN)-response signatures in tubular cells and keratinocytes distinguished patients with LN from healthy control subjects. Moreover, a high IFN-response signature and fibrotic signature in tubular cells were each associated with failure to respond to treatment. Analysis of tubular cells from patients with proliferative, membranous and mixed LN indicated pathways relevant to inflammation and fibrosis, which offer insight into their histologic differences. In summary, we applied scRNA-seq to LN to deconstruct its heterogeneity and identify novel targets for personalized approaches to therapy.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais/citologia , Túbulos Renais/metabolismo , Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Nefrite Lúpica/metabolismo , Transcriptoma , Biópsia , Linhagem da Célula/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Fibrose , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica/métodos , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Ligação Proteica , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Célula Única , Pele/imunologia , Pele/metabolismo , Pele/patologia
4.
J Mol Histol ; 50(3): 253-261, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30937700

RESUMO

Nel-like molecule-1 (NELL-1) is a novel highly specific growth factor that can induce osteoblast differentiation and bone formation as well as odontoblast differentiation. Recent studies have suggested that NELL-1 can synergistically increase bone formation and regeneration with bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP2) and inhibit adverse effects induced by BMP2. This study aimed to evaluate the combined effects of NELL-1 and BMP2 on rat pulp repair. The experiment used healthy non-carious maxillary first molars from 60 Wistar rats. Exposed pulps were capped with NELL-1 plus BMP2, NELL-1 alone, and BMP2 alone, and each was absorbed onto a sterile collagen sponge. In the control samples, the collagen sponge alone and Dycal were used as capping agents. After l, 2 and 4 weeks, the rats were sacrificed. The formation of reparative dentin, as well the situation of pulp repair, was detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining; moreover, the expression of dentin specific protein-dentin sialophosphoprotein (DSPP) and the pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6 (IL6) and interleukin-8 (IL8) was detected by immunohistochemical staining. Quantitative real-time PCR experiment was used to investigate the mRNA levels of IL6 and IL8. The results showed that pulp capping with NELL-1 plus BMP2 in rats had superior ability in inducing reparative dentin formation with dentin tubules and in reducing the inflammatory cell response compared with the other groups. These findings suggested that combined use of NELL-1 and BMP2 could positively regulate pulp repair.


Assuntos
Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/genética , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Polpa Dentária/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Animais , Proteína Morfogenética Óssea 2/administração & dosagem , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Dentina/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Interleucina-6/genética , Interleucina-8/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/administração & dosagem , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Osteogênese/genética , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Sialoglicoproteínas/genética
5.
PLoS Genet ; 15(4): e1007739, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30990817

RESUMO

Sleep disordered breathing (SDB)-related overnight hypoxemia is associated with cardiometabolic disease and other comorbidities. Understanding the genetic bases for variations in nocturnal hypoxemia may help understand mechanisms influencing oxygenation and SDB-related mortality. We conducted genome-wide association tests across 10 cohorts and 4 populations to identify genetic variants associated with three correlated measures of overnight oxyhemoglobin saturation: average and minimum oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep and the percent of sleep with oxyhemoglobin saturation under 90%. The discovery sample consisted of 8,326 individuals. Variants with p < 1 × 10(-6) were analyzed in a replication group of 14,410 individuals. We identified 3 significantly associated regions, including 2 regions in multi-ethnic analyses (2q12, 10q22). SNPs in the 2q12 region associated with minimum SpO2 (rs78136548 p = 2.70 × 10(-10)). SNPs at 10q22 were associated with all three traits including average SpO2 (rs72805692 p = 4.58 × 10(-8)). SNPs in both regions were associated in over 20,000 individuals and are supported by prior associations or functional evidence. Four additional significant regions were detected in secondary sex-stratified and combined discovery and replication analyses, including a region overlapping Reelin, a known marker of respiratory complex neurons.These are the first genome-wide significant findings reported for oxyhemoglobin saturation during sleep, a phenotype of high clinical interest. Our replicated associations with HK1 and IL18R1 suggest that variants in inflammatory pathways, such as the biologically-plausible NLRP3 inflammasome, may contribute to nocturnal hypoxemia.


Assuntos
Hexoquinase/genética , Subunidade alfa de Receptor de Interleucina-18/genética , Oxiemoglobinas/metabolismo , Sono/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Biologia Computacional , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Variação Genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Humanos , Hipóxia/sangue , Hipóxia/genética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteína 3 que Contém Domínio de Pirina da Família NLR/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Oxigênio/sangue , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/sangue , Síndromes da Apneia do Sono/genética , Adulto Jovem
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(7)2019 Apr 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30987093

RESUMO

Advanced upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) is often associated with poor oncologic outcomes. The secreted protein acidic and rich in cysteine-like 1 (SPARCL1) protein, belongs to the SPARC-related family of matricellular proteins. Much literature has been published describing the role of SPARCL1 in the prognosis many cancers. In this study, methylated promoter regions in high-grade and high-stage upper urinary urothelial tumours compared with normal urothelium were analyzed and revealed that SPARCL1 was the most significantly hypermethylated gene in UTUC tissues. Then we prospectively collected UTUC samples and adjacent normal urothelium for pyrosequencing validation, identifying significant CpG site methylation in UTUC tissues. In addition, SPARCL1 RNA levels were significantly lower in UTUC samples. Multivariate Cox regression analysis from 78 patients with solitary renal pelvic or ureteral pT3N0M0 urothelial carcinomas revealed that only negative SPARCL1 expression and nonpapillary tumour architecture were independently associated with systemic recurrence (p = 0.011 and 0.008, respectively). In vitro studies revealed that the behaviour of BFTC-909 cells was less aggressive and more sensitive to radiation or chemotherapy after SPARCL1 overexpression. Thus, SPARCL1 could be considered as a prognostic marker and help decision-making in clinical practice.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Neoplasias Urológicas/genética , Neoplasias Urológicas/patologia , Urotélio/patologia , Idoso , Sequência de Bases , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Proliferação de Células/genética , Cisplatino/farmacologia , Cisplatino/uso terapêutico , Estudos de Coortes , Metilação de DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Análise de Regressão , Neoplasias Urológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Urológicas/radioterapia
7.
BMC Med Genet ; 20(1): 57, 2019 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935366

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Many mutations in the α-tectorin gene (TECTA) have been reported to cause non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) in either a dominant or recessive inheritance pattern. Among the identified TECTA mutations, H1400Y has been associated with NSHL in two independent studies. However, its exact role in contributing to genetic hearing loss remains elusive. CASE PRESENTATION: We herein report the whole-exome sequencing of a proband presenting with prelingual, non-progressive, mild-to-moderate hearing loss in a simplex family. By using trio-based whole-exome sequencing, we found two heterozygous mutations of R1890C and H1400Y in the ZP and ZA domains of TECTA, respectively. R1890C, previously reported as a pathogenic autosomal dominant mutation of genetic hearing loss, was found to be inherited in a de novo pattern, causing hearing loss in the proband. By contrast, H1400Y was not segregated in this family, and one family member with normal hearing also carried the H1400Y mutation. CONCLUSION: According to the hearing loss-specific American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) guidelines, we conclude that H1400Y should be disqualified as a cause of genetic hearing loss. True pathogenic variants causing genetic hearing loss should be more deliberately reported in accordance with ACMG guidelines.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Perda Auditiva Neurossensorial/genética , Mutação , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Proteínas Ligadas por GPI/genética , Genes Dominantes , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos
8.
J Mol Histol ; 50(3): 285-294, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30993430

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to ascertain whether, like many cell types in cartilaginous tissues if type XI collagen was a pericellular component of annulus fibrosus (AF) cells and chondrocytes. Fine fibrillar networks were visualised which were perlecan, HS (MAb 10E4) and type XI collagen positive. Heparitinase-III pre-digestion abolished the type XI collagen and 10E4 localisation in these fibrillar assemblies demonstrating a putative HS mediated interaction which localised the type XI collagen. Type XI collagen was confirmed to be present in the Heparitinase III treated AF monolayer media samples by immunoblotting. Heparitinase-III generated ΔHS stub epitopes throughout these fibrillar networks strongly visualised by MAb 3-G-10. Monolayers of murine hip articular chondrocytes from C57BL/6 and Hspg2 exon 3 null mice also displayed pericellular perlecan localisations, however type XI collagen was only evident in the Wild type mice. Perlecan was also immunolocalised in control and murine knee articular cartilage from the two mouse genotypes subjected to a medial meniscal destabilisation procedure which induces OA. This resulted in a severe depletion of perlecan levels particularly in the perlecan exon 3 null mice and was consistent with OA representing a disease of the pericellular matrix. A model was prepared to explain these observations between the NPP type XI collagen domain and HS chains of perlecan domain-I in the pericellular matrix of AF cells which likely contributed to cellular communication, tissue stabilization and the regulation of extracellular matrix homeostasis.


Assuntos
Anel Fibroso/efeitos dos fármacos , Colágeno Tipo XI/genética , Proteoglicanas de Heparan Sulfato/genética , Animais , Anel Fibroso/metabolismo , Anel Fibroso/patologia , Cartilagem Articular/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Cartilagem Articular/metabolismo , Condrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Condrócitos/metabolismo , Éxons/genética , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Homeostase/genética , Disco Intervertebral/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Disco Intervertebral/metabolismo , Camundongos , Polissacarídeo-Liase/farmacologia
9.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 255, 2019 Mar 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935378

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An unfavorable genetic correlation between milk production and fertility makes simultaneous improvement of milk production and fertility difficult in cattle breeding. Rapid genetic improvement in milk production traits in dairy cattle has been accompanied by decline in cow fertility. The genetic basis of this correlation remains poorly understood. Expanded reference populations and large sets of sequenced animals make genome-wide association studies (GWAS) with imputed markers possible for large populations and thereby studying genetic architecture of complex traits. RESULTS: In this study, we associated 15,551,021 SNPs with female fertility index in 5038 Nordic Holstein cattle. We have identified seven quantitative trait loci (QTL) on six chromosomes in cattle. Along with nearest genes to GWAS hits, we used gene-based analysis and spread of linkage disequilibrium (LD) information to generate a list of potential candidate genes affecting fertility in cattle. Subsequently, we used prior knowledge on gene related to fertility from Gene Ontology terms, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis, mammalian phenotype database, and public available RNA-seq data to refine the list of candidate genes for fertility. We used variant annotations to investigate candidate mutations within the prioritized candidate genes. Using multiple source of information, we proposed candidate genes with biological relevance underlying each of these seven QTL. On chromosome 1, we have identified ten candidate genes for two QTL. For the rest of chromosomes, we proposed one candidate gene for each QTL. In the candidate genes list, differentially expressed genes from different studies support FRAS1, ITGB5, ADCY5, and SEMA5B as candidate genes for cow fertility. CONCLUSION: The GWAS result not only confirmed previously mapped QTL, but also made new findings. Our findings contributes towards dissecting the genetics for female fertility in cattle. Moreover, this study shows the usefulness of adding independent information to pick candidate genes during post-GWAS analysis.


Assuntos
Fertilidade/genética , Adenilil Ciclases/genética , Animais , Bovinos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Genótipo , Desequilíbrio de Ligação , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Locos de Características Quantitativas , Semaforinas/genética
10.
J Mol Neurosci ; 68(2): 261-274, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30949956

RESUMO

The level of miR-181a decreases rapidly in N2a cells following oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion, but its role in this process is unclear. Reelin, a regulator of neuronal migration and synaptogenesis, is a predicted target of miR-181a. We hypothesized that miR-181a reduces neuronal apoptosis and protects neurons by targeting reelin. Second mitochondria-derived activator of caspases (Smac) is a protein located in mitochondria that regulates apoptosis. The pro-apoptotic effect of Smac is achieved by reversing the effects of apoptosis-inhibiting proteins (IAPs), particularly X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis (XIAP). We also evaluated the effect of miR-181a on the Smac/IAP signaling pathway after oxygen-glucose deprivation and reperfusion in N2a cells. The miR-181a level, apoptosis rate, and the levels of reelin mRNA and protein, Smac, and XIAP were assessed in N2a cells subjected to oxygen-glucose deprivation for 4 h and reperfusion for 0, 4, 12, or 24 h with/without an miR-181a mimic, or mismatched control. Direct targeting of reelin by miR-181a was assessed in vitro by dual luciferase assay and immunoblotting. Pre-treatment with miR-181a mimicked the increase in the miR-181a level in N2a cells after oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion, resulting in a significant decrease in the apoptosis rate. Changes in the miR-181a level in N2a cells were inversely correlated with reelin protein expression. Direct targeting of the reelin 3' untranslated region by miR-181a was verified by dual luciferase assay, which showed that miR-181a significantly inhibited luciferase activity. The Smac level was significantly lower in the miR-181a mimics than the normal control and mimics-cont groups (P < 0.01), whereas the level of XIAP was increased slightly. These findings suggest that miR-181a protects neurons from apoptosis by inhibiting reelin expression and regulating the Smac/IAP signaling pathway after oxygen-glucose deprivation/reperfusion injury.


Assuntos
Apoptose , MicroRNAs/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Transporte/genética , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/metabolismo , Hipóxia Celular , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Glucose/deficiência , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/genética , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Camundongos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo
11.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1637, 2019 04 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30967542

RESUMO

The competitive endogenous RNA (ceRNA) hypothesis suggests an intrinsic mechanism to regulate biological processes. However, whether the dynamic changes of ceRNAs can modulate miRNA activities remains controversial. Here, we examine the dynamics of ceRNAs during TGF-ß-induced epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). We observe that TGFBI, a transcript highly induced during EMT in A549 cells, acts as the ceRNA for miR-21 to modulate EMT. We further identify FN1 as the ceRNA for miR-200c in the canonical SNAIL-ZEB-miR200 circuit in MCF10A cells. Experimental assays and computational simulations demonstrate that the dynamically induced ceRNAs are directly coupled with the canonical double negative feedback loops and are critical to the induction of EMT. These results help to establish the relevance of ceRNA in cancer EMT and suggest that ceRNA is an intrinsic component of the EMT regulatory circuit and may represent a potential target to disrupt EMT during tumorigenesis.


Assuntos
Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/genética , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , MicroRNAs/genética , Neoplasias/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Células A549 , Carcinogênese/genética , Biologia Computacional , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Fibronectinas/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Modelos Biológicos , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo
12.
Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci ; 60(4): 978-989, 2019 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30884524

RESUMO

Purpose: Lattice corneal dystrophy (LCD) is related to the denaturation of transforming growth factor-ß-induced protein (TGFBIp). Autophagic degradation of the denatured proteins by macrophages is one pathway to remove the denatured proteins. Thus, we investigated the role of autophagy in the degradation of mutant (MU) TGFBIp in macrophages. Methods: Corneas from participants were observed by slit-lamp photography and subjected to histopathologic and genetic analysis. Wild-type (WT) and MU TGFBIp were recombined and expressed. Macrophages from MU participants were isolated and cocultured with the recombinant TGFBIp. Colocalization of the two molecules was observed by immunofluorescent microscopy. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, Western blotting, and flow cytometry were used to detect changes in molecule expression related to the phenotype and autophagy process. Results: Fourteen members from a family of 25 were identified as LCD sufferers. Significant TGFBIp aggregates and macrophage infiltration were found only in the corneas of LCD sufferers. Marker accumulation of TGFBIp was found in macrophages exposed to MU TGFBIp even at 5 hours after MU TGFBIp was withdrawn. High expressions of CD68 and CD36 were found in macrophages exposed to WT TGFBIp, but not to MU TGFBIp. Impaired autophagic flux due to defective autophagosome fusion to lysosomes was found in macrophages exposed to MU TGFBIp. Blockage of the autophagic process suppressed the expression of CD68 and CD36 in macrophages exposed to WT TGFBIp to levels similar to those found in macrophages exposed to MU TGFBIp. Conclusions: Our results suggested that reversion of the defective autophagic process in macrophages may be a therapeutic strategy for patients with LCD.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/metabolismo , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos CD/metabolismo , Antígenos de Diferenciação Mielomonocítica/metabolismo , Western Blotting , Antígenos CD36/metabolismo , Criança , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/diagnóstico , Distrofias Hereditárias da Córnea/genética , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Citometria de Fluxo , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Linhagem , Fagocitose , Fator de Crescimento Transformador beta/genética
13.
Biol Pharm Bull ; 42(3): 354-356, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30828067

RESUMO

Reelin is a secreted protein that antagonizes the deposition and toxicity of amyloid ß peptide (Aß). Therefore, augmentation of Reelin activity may ameliorate Alzheimer's disease (AD). We have recently reported that a disintegrin and metalloproteinase with thrombospondin motifs 3 (ADAMTS-3) cleaves and inactivates Reelin in the mouse brain. In the present study, we investigated the effect of reducing ADAMTS-3 on deposition of Aß by crossbreeding drug-inducible ADAMTS-3 conditional knock-out (cKO) mice with "next-generation" AD model mice. We found that reducing ADAMTS-3 inhibited deposition of Aß significantly in AppNL-F mice, which produce human wild-type Aß. On the other hand, reducing ADAMTS-3 had no effect in AppNL-G-F mice, which produce the Arctic mutant Aß (E22G) that forms protofibrils more efficiently than does wild-type Aß. Thus, the findings suggest that the administration of an inhibitor against ADAMTS-3 will prevent the progression of AD pathology caused by deposition of wild-type Aß.


Assuntos
Proteínas ADAMTS/metabolismo , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides/metabolismo , Precursor de Proteína beta-Amiloide/genética , Proteínas ADAMTS/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas ADAMTS/genética , Doença de Alzheimer , Animais , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/genética , Moléculas de Adesão Celular Neuronais/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Camundongos Transgênicos , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Serina Endopeptidases/genética , Serina Endopeptidases/metabolismo
14.
BMC Cancer ; 19(1): 227, 2019 Mar 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30866865

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) is one of the most commonly occuring gastrointestinal tumor types, and early diagnosis and operation have a notable effect on the prognosis of patients. Although certain markers, including HER2, VEGER-2, ERCC1 and Bcl-2, have been utilized in clinical practise to screen out new patients with GC, the results of using these markers remains poor. The role of olfactomedin-like 2B (OLFML2B) in GC, as a member of the olfactomedin domain-containing proteins family, is remain unclear. METHODS: In the present study, we assessed the expression of OLFML2B, including mRNA and protein level, by using The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and 13 pairs of clinical samples between GC and NG tissues. The correlation between expression of OLFML2B and prognosis of GC was evaculated by the Kaplan-Meier plotter and OncoLnc online tools. In addition, mechanism analysis of OLFML2B in GC was explored thought bioinformatic tools, including cBioPortal and FunRich software. RESULTS: In our study, the mRNA expression of OLFML2B in GC both TCGA database and clinical samples was consistently revealed to be significantly higher compared with that in NG tissues (P < 0.0001 for TCGA database and P = 0.0034 for clinical samples), and high OLFML2B expression was found in 9 (69.23%) of 13 clinical GC by immunohistochemistry and was positively correlated with the depth of tumor invasion and clinical stage (TNM). In addition, the AUC for a ROC of 0.867 indicated a moderate diagnostic ability of OLFML2B for GC. Survival analysis from the Kaplan-Meier plotter (P = 2.6 × 10- 6) and OncoLnc (P = 0.00276) revealed that the high expression of OLFML2B was associated with a short overall survival. Futhermore, 5% (24/478) alterations of OLFML2B were identified from cBioPortal, and among them, missense mutation (14/478) was the primary type. The results from FunRich revealed that OLFML2B participated in mediating multiple biological processes including cell growth and maintenance, regulation of the cell cycle, apoptosis and cell communication through multiple signaling pathways including the M/G1 transition pathway, post-translational protein modification and DNA replication pre-initiation. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, it could be deduced that OLFML2B may act as an oncogene in the development of GC and the overexpression of OLFML2B in GC may be used as a novel diagnostic and prognostic target for GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Bases de Dados Genéticas , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/biossíntese , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/biossíntese , Feminino , Glicoproteínas/biossíntese , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
15.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 294(4): 875-885, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30915543

RESUMO

Olfactomedin domain-containing proteins appear to facilitate neurodevelopment, cell adhesion, intercellular interactions, and protein-protein interactions, and the disruption of their expression will lead to dramatic developmental perturbations and lethality. The aim of the present work was to study how these genes evolved in metazoans and diverged after their duplication as well as to characterize their expression profiles and detrimental mutations. We conducted an exhaustive survey of olfactomedin domain-containing genes in genomic databases, identifying 235 olfactomedin-like (OLF) proteins in 29 representative species covering all the main metazoan lineages. Phylogenetic analyses allowed us to define nine different subfamilies of OLF genes, and subfamily IX, which specifically includes two immunoglobulin domains, was identified for the first time in arthropods. Functional divergence analysis suggested that the function of this arthropod-specific OLF subfamily might have diverged from that of other subfamilies. Expression pattern analysis of OLF genes in humans and rats showed that human OLF genes tended to be highly expressed in the brain, while rat OLF genes were inclined to be expressed in the ovary and brain. We used the SIFT and PolyPhen servers in dbNSFP to distinguish deleterious mutations from neutral mutations for each member of the OLF gene family. The results showed that OLFML2B contains the most destructive SNPs (up to 61), while none of the mutations in OLFM2, OLFM4 and LPHN2 were predicted to be harmful. Taken together, these findings may not only enhance understanding of the phylogenetic relationships of the OLF family but also aid future studies on OLF protein regulation of nervous system development and immune function.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/metabolismo , Glicoproteínas/química , Glicoproteínas/genética , Ovário/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Animais , Evolução Molecular , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/química , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Família Multigênica , Mutação , Filogenia , Domínios Proteicos , Ratos
16.
Gene ; 701: 9-14, 2019 Jun 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898708

RESUMO

Recent studies have revealed a common cartilage genetic regulatory network among vertebrates, cephalochordates, and arthropods. It has been proposed that this network was originally established for the dense connective tissues of ancestral invertebrates and subsequently recruited for chondrocyte differentiation in various lineages. This reasoning prompted questions about whether the evolution of cartilage from dense connective tissues occurred in the common ancestors of vertebrates. Alternatively, the evolution of cartilage may have occurred independently in agnathans and in gnathostomes, because extant agnathans (cyclostomes) are known to possess a matrix composition different from that of gnathostomes. Here, we identified the gene which is likely to encode one of the matrix proteins unique to lamprey cartilage, which we designated pharymprin. Pharymprin shows specific expression in larval pharyngeal chondrocytes. Like lamprins, which are the known matrix proteins of lamprey trabecular cartilage, pharymprin is also composed of repeated sequences. However, the repeated sequence is distinct from that of lamprins. The presence of two distinct matrix proteins in lamprey cartilage supports the hypothesis that true cartilage evolved independently in cyclostomes and gnathostomes.


Assuntos
Condrócitos/metabolismo , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/biossíntese , Proteínas de Peixes/biossíntese , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Lampreias/metabolismo , Faringe/metabolismo , Animais , Condrócitos/citologia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Lampreias/genética , Faringe/citologia
17.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1030, 2019 03 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833571

RESUMO

Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a common and disabling condition of the hand caused by entrapment of the median nerve at the level of the wrist. It is the commonest entrapment neuropathy, with estimates of prevalence ranging between 5-10%. Here, we undertake a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of an entrapment neuropathy, using 12,312 CTS cases and 389,344 controls identified in UK Biobank. We discover 16 susceptibility loci for CTS with p < 5 × 10-8. We identify likely causal genes in the pathogenesis of CTS, including ADAMTS17, ADAMTS10 and EFEMP1, and using RNA sequencing demonstrate expression of these genes in surgically resected tenosynovium from CTS patients. We perform Mendelian randomisation and demonstrate a causal relationship between short stature and higher risk of CTS. We suggest that variants within genes implicated in growth and extracellular matrix architecture contribute to the genetic predisposition to CTS by altering the environment through which the median nerve transits.


Assuntos
Síndrome do Túnel Carpal/genética , Loci Gênicos/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Estudo de Associação Genômica Ampla , Proteínas ADAMTS/genética , Idoso , Mapeamento Cromossômico , Simulação por Computador , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Feminino , Genoma Humano/genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Nervo Mediano , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Punho
18.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1952: 21-31, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825162

RESUMO

The gene expression of the extracellular matrix macromolecules is critical in the analysis of various pathologies. The use of a RT-PCR directly on a fixed tissue enables the recognition of the real expressing cells for any ECM molecules together with the tissue localization. The method here described is easy to perform using the same material as for common immunostaining and the same primers used for quantitative RT-PCR. Moreover, the used primers, designed with a final amplicon that spans the exon-exon junction, allow to detect the cDNA but not the gDNA sequences.


Assuntos
Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Expressão Gênica , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa/métodos , Animais , Linhagem Celular , DNA Complementar/genética , Matriz Extracelular/genética , Humanos
19.
Methods Mol Biol ; 1952: 157-191, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30825174

RESUMO

A growing body of research demonstrates modulation of autophagy by a variety of matrix constituents, including decorin, endorepellin, and endostatin. These matrix proteins are both pro-autophagic and anti-angiogenic. Here, we detail a series of methods to monitor matrix-induced autophagy and its concurrent effects on angiogenesis. We first discuss cloning and purifying proteoglycan fragment and core proteins in the laboratory and review relevant techniques spanning from cell culture to treatment with these purified proteoglycans in vitro and ex vivo. Further, we cover protocols in monitoring autophagic progression via morphological and microscopic characterization, biochemical western blot analysis, and signaling pathway investigation. Downstream angiogenic effects using in vivo approaches are then discussed using wild-type mice and the GFP-LC3 transgenic mouse model. Finally, we explore matrix-induced mitophagy via monitoring changes in mitochondrial DNA and permeability.


Assuntos
Autofagia , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/metabolismo , Neovascularização Fisiológica , Proteoglicanas/metabolismo , Animais , Western Blotting/métodos , Clonagem Molecular/métodos , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Imunofluorescência/métodos , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Camundongos , Microscopia de Força Atômica/métodos , Microscopia Eletrônica/métodos , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Degradação Mitocondrial , Proteoglicanas/genética , Ratos , Transdução de Sinais
20.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 311(4): 265-275, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30826961

RESUMO

Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of heritable connective tissue disorders (HCTDs) defined by joint laxity, skin alterations, and joint hypermobility. The latest EDS classification recognized 13 subtypes in which the clinical and genetic phenotypes are often overlapping, making the diagnosis rather difficult and strengthening the importance of the molecular diagnostic confirmation. New genetic techniques such as next-generation sequencing (NGS) gave the opportunity to identify the genetic bases of unresolved EDS types and support clinical counseling. To date, the molecular defects have been identified in 19 genes, mainly in those encoding collagen, its modifying enzymes or other constituents of the extracellular matrix (ECM). In this review we summarize the contribution of NGS technologies to the current knowledge of the genetic background in different EDS subtypes.


Assuntos
Colágeno/genética , Tecido Conjuntivo/fisiologia , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/genética , Articulações/patologia , Pele/patologia , Colagenases/genética , Síndrome de Ehlers-Danlos/diagnóstico , Proteínas da Matriz Extracelular/genética , Aconselhamento Genético , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Instabilidade Articular , Mutação/genética , Patologia Molecular , Fenótipo
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