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1.
J Toxicol Sci ; 45(9): 589-598, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32879258

RESUMO

Acute mercury chloride (HgCl2) poisoning may lead to kidney injury, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress plays a role in some heavy metal poisoning. Whether it mediates kidney injury in acute HgCl2 poisoning remains unknown. In this study, we examined the kidney injury and the corresponding ER stress in the mouse model of different doses of acute HgCl2 poisoning. To further confirm the role of ER stress, we tested the effects of its chemical chaperone [4-phenylbutyric acid (4-PBA)]. The results revealed that acute HgCl2 poisoning caused more severe kidney injury with dose on and activated ER stress, as indicated by increased expression of GRP78 and CHOP. Inhibition of ER stress restored the functional and morphological changes of kidneys, and partly attenuated renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis. In summary, ER stress contributes to the acute kidney injury following HgCl2 poisoning, and inhibition of ER stress may alleviate the kidney injury via reducing apoptosis.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/etiologia , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/fisiologia , Cloreto de Mercúrio/envenenamento , Animais , Butilaminas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/genética , Fator de Transcrição CHOP/metabolismo
3.
Life Sci ; 258: 118190, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32777299

RESUMO

AIMS: Glycolysis is an important process for cervical carcinoma development. Previous studies have indicated that stress-induced phosphoprotein 1 (STIP1) is associated with development of multiple tumors. Nevertheless, the role and mechanism of STIP1 in glycolysis of cervical carcinoma remain unclear. MAIN METHODS: The association between STIP1 and survival probability and the correlation between STIP1 expression and pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) as well as lactate dehydrogenase isoform A (LDHA) levels in cervical carcinoma were analyzed via The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA). The expression of STIP1, PKM2, LDHA, and cytochrome c (Cyt C) was measured via western blot or quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Cell viability and apoptosis were examined via cell counting kit 8 and flow cytometry, respectively. Glycolysis was assessed via detection of glucose consumption and lactate production. The protein involved in the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway was measured via western blot. KEY FINDINGS: STIP1 abundance was elevated in cervical carcinoma cells. High expression of STIP1 indicated poor survival probability. Knockdown of STIP1 inhibited cervical carcinoma cell viability and promoted apoptosis. STIP1 expression was positively correlated with PKM2 and LDHA levels in cervical carcinoma. Silence of STIP1 inhibited glycolysis and decreased PKM2 and LDHA expression. Down-regulation of STIP1 repressed the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway. Overexpression of ß-catenin reversed the effect of STIP1 silence on viability, apoptosis, glycolysis, and levels of PKM2 and LDHA. SIGNIFICANCE: STIP1 knockdown suppressed glycolysis in cervical carcinoma by inhibiting PKM2 and LDHA expression and activation of the Wnt/ß-catenin pathway.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Glicólise , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Lactato Desidrogenase 5/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Hormônios Tireóideos/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Via de Sinalização Wnt , Apoptose , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Sobrevivência Celular , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Humanos , Modelos Biológicos , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Via de Sinalização Wnt/genética
4.
Chem Biol Interact ; 329: 109220, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763245

RESUMO

The sepsis is considered as serious clinic-pathological condition related with high rate of morbidity and mortality in critical care settings. In the proposed study, the hydrazides derivatives N-(benzylidene)-2-((2-hydroxynaphthalen-1-yl)diazenyl)benzohydrazides (1-2) (NCHDH and NTHDH) were investigated against the LPS-induced sepsis in rodents. The NCHDH and NTHDH markedly improved the physiological sign and symptoms associated with the sepsis such as mortality, temperature, and clinical scoring compared to negative control group, which received only LPS (i.p.). The NCHDH and NTHDH also inhibited the production of the NO and MPO compared to the negative control. Furthermore, the treatment control improved the histological changes markedly of all the vital organs. Additionally, the Masson's trichrome and PAS (Periodic Acid Schiff) staining also showed improvement in the NCHDH and NTHDH treated group in contrast to LPS-induced group. The antioxidants were enhanced by the intervention of the NCHDH and NTHDH and the level of the MDA and POD were attenuated marginally compared to the LPS-induced group. The hematology study showed marked improvement and the reversal of the LPS-induced changes in blood composition compared to the negative control. The synthetic function of the liver and kidney were preserved in the NCHDH and NTHDH treated group compared to the LPS-induced group. The NCHDH and NTHDH markedly enhanced the Nrf2, HO-1 (Heme oxygenase-1), while attenuated the Keap1 and TRPV1 expression level as compared to LPS treated group. Furthermore, the NCHDH and NTHDH treatment showed marked increased in the mRNA expression level of the HSP70/90 proteins compared to the negative control.


Assuntos
Hidrazinas/farmacologia , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/etiologia , Sepse/etiologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase-1/metabolismo , Hidrazinas/química , Hidrazinas/uso terapêutico , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/genética , Proteína 1 Associada a ECH Semelhante a Kelch/metabolismo , Lipopolissacarídeos/toxicidade , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Macrófagos/citologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/tratamento farmacológico , Insuficiência de Múltiplos Órgãos/mortalidade , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidase/metabolismo , Sepse/tratamento farmacológico , Sepse/mortalidade , Canais de Cátion TRPV/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPV/metabolismo
5.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 204: 111049, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32758698

RESUMO

Recent studies identified a novel programmed and regulated cell death that was characterized by a necrotic cell death morphology, termed necroptosis. Lead (Pb) is known as a persistent inorganic environmental pollutant that affects the health of humans and animals worldwide. However, there are no detailed reports of Pb-induced necroptosis of immune tissue. Selenium (Se) is a trace element that antagonizes the toxicity of heavy metals. Here, chickens were randomly divided into four groups, treated with Pb ((CH3OO)2Pb, 150 mg/kg) and/or Se (Na2SeO3, 2 mg/kg), aim to study the effect and mechanism of necroptosis in Pb-induced spleen injury and the antagonistic effects of Se on Pb toxicity. Our results showed that Pb exposure evidently increased the accumulation of Pb in spleen and caused necroptosis by upregulating the expression of RIP1, RIP3 and MLKL, and decreasing Caspase8 expression. Meanwhile, Pb treatment inhibited the activities of SOD, GPX, and CAT, caused the accumulation of NO and MDA, and induced oxidative stress, which promoted the expression of MAPK/NF-κB pathway genes (ERK, JNK, P38, NF-κB and TNF-α) and activated HSPs (HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70 and HSP90). However, the increased content of Pb in spleen and Pb-caused necroptosis were inhibited by Se cotreatment. Overall, we conclude that Se can prevent Pb-induced necroptosis by restoring antioxidant functions and blocking the MAPK/NF-κB pathway and HSPs activation in chicken spleen.


Assuntos
Galinhas/fisiologia , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Chumbo/toxicidade , Necroptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Selênio/farmacologia , Baço/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Proteínas Aviárias/metabolismo , MAP Quinases Reguladas por Sinal Extracelular/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Distribuição Aleatória , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Baço/fisiologia
6.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(7): e1008668, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32639977

RESUMO

Nervous necrosis virus (NNV) can infect many species of fish and causes serious acute or persistent infection. However, its pathogenic mechanism is still far from clear. Specific cellular surface receptors are crucial determinants of the species tropism of a virus and its pathogenesis. Here, the heat shock protein 90ab1 of marine model fish species marine medaka (MmHSP90ab1) was identified as a novel receptor of red-spotted grouper NNV (RGNNV). MmHSP90ab1 interacted directly with RGNNV capsid protein (CP). Specifically, MmHSP90ab1 bound to the linker region (LR) of CP through its NM domain. Inhibition of MmHSP90ab1 by HSP90-specific inhibitors or MmHSP90ab1 siRNA caused significant inhibition of viral binding and entry, whereas its overexpression led to the opposite effect. The binding of RGNNV to cultured marine medaka hMMES1 cells was inhibited by blocking cell surface-localized MmHSP90ab1 with anti-HSP90ß antibodies or pretreating virus with recombinant MmHSP90ab1 or MmHSP90ab1-NM protein, indicating MmHSP90ab1 was an attachment receptor for RGNNV. Furthermore, we found that MmHSP90ab1 formed a complex with CP and marine medaka heat shock cognate 70, a known NNV receptor. Exogenous expression of MmHSP90ab1 independently facilitated the internalization of RGNNV into RGNNV impenetrable cells (HEK293T), which was blocked by chlorpromazine, an inhibitor of clathrin-dependent endocytosis. Further study revealed that MmHSP90ab1 interacted with the marine medaka clathrin heavy chain. Collectively, these data suggest that MmHSP90ab1 is a functional part of the RGNNV receptor complex and involved in the internalization of RGNNV via the clathrin endocytosis pathway.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Infecções por Vírus de RNA/veterinária , Receptores Virais/metabolismo , Animais , Clatrina/metabolismo , Endocitose , Peixes , Nodaviridae/metabolismo , Oryzias/virologia , Internalização do Vírus
7.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 203: 110993, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32678762

RESUMO

Arsenic (As) and copper (Cu) are common environmental pollutants in nature. When they are excessively present in living organisms, they can cause heavy metal poisoning. There were relatively few studies of the toxicological concentrations of As and Cu in the brain using chicken as a model. Therefore, in this study, arsenic trioxide or/and copper sulfate were added to chicken diets for a 12-week toxicity test. The test results showed that excessive intake of As or/and Cu led to a significant reduction in the total antioxidant capacity (T-AOC), catalase (CAT) and hydroxyl radicals. And significant increase in nitric oxide synthase (NOS) indicates an imbalanced oxidation reaction. In addition, the increase in heat shock protein (HSPs), the increase of NF-κB pathway-related pro-inflammatory mediators, the change of apoptosis factors on the death receptor and mitochondrial apoptosis pathway show that, As or/and Cu exposure induced chicken brain has heat shock response (HSP), tissue inflammation and apoptosis. This damage is inseparable from the oxidative imbalance. It is worth noting that these injury changes are time-dependent, and the combined effect of these two metals is more severe than that of a single group of injuries. Our findings can inform the regulation of animal feed additives and avoid agricultural economic losses or biological health damage.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Trióxido de Arsênio/toxicidade , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfato de Cobre/toxicidade , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Encéfalo/imunologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Encéfalo/ultraestrutura , Galinhas , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Inflamação , Masculino , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo
8.
Signal Transduct Target Ther ; 5(1): 125, 2020 07 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661235

RESUMO

Stress proteins (SPs) including heat-shock proteins (HSPs), RNA chaperones, and ER associated stress proteins are molecular chaperones essential for cellular homeostasis. The major functions of HSPs include chaperoning misfolded or unfolded polypeptides, protecting cells from toxic stress, and presenting immune and inflammatory cytokines. Regarded as a double-edged sword, HSPs also cooperate with numerous viruses and cancer cells to promote their survival. RNA chaperones are a group of heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs), which are essential factors for manipulating both the functions and metabolisms of pre-mRNAs/hnRNAs transcribed by RNA polymerase II. hnRNPs involve in a large number of cellular processes, including chromatin remodelling, transcription regulation, RNP assembly and stabilization, RNA export, virus replication, histone-like nucleoid structuring, and even intracellular immunity. Dysregulation of stress proteins is associated with many human diseases including human cancer, cardiovascular diseases, neurodegenerative diseases (e.g., Parkinson's diseases, Alzheimer disease), stroke and infectious diseases. In this review, we summarized the biologic function of stress proteins, and current progress on their mechanisms related to virus reproduction and diseases caused by virus infections. As SPs also attract a great interest as potential antiviral targets (e.g., COVID-19), we also discuss the present progress and challenges in this area of HSP-based drug development, as well as with compounds already under clinical evaluation.


Assuntos
Antivirais/farmacologia , Betacoronavirus/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/genética , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Pneumonia Viral/tratamento farmacológico , Antivirais/síntese química , Betacoronavirus/genética , Betacoronavirus/patogenicidade , Montagem e Desmontagem da Cromatina/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções por Coronavirus/genética , Infecções por Coronavirus/patologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/agonistas , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/agonistas , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/antagonistas & inibidores , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Heterogêneas/metabolismo , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno/genética , Humanos , Terapia de Alvo Molecular/métodos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/genética , Pneumonia Viral/patologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , RNA Polimerase II/genética , RNA Polimerase II/metabolismo , Precursores de RNA/genética , Precursores de RNA/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais , Transcrição Genética/efeitos dos fármacos , Replicação Viral/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol ; 319(3): R264-R281, 2020 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609539

RESUMO

Long-term exposure of Mytilus galloprovincialis to temperatures beyond 26°C triggers mussel mortality. The present study aimed to integratively illustrate the correlation between intermediary metabolism, hsp gene expression, and oxidative stress-related proteins in long-term thermally stressed Mytilus galloprovincialis and whether they are affected by thermal stress magnitude and duration. We accordingly evaluated the gene expression profiles, in the posterior adductor muscle (PAM) and the mantle, concerning heat shock protein 70 and 90 (hsp70 and hsp90), and the antioxidant defense indicators Mn-SOD, Cu/Zn-SOD, catalase, glutathione S-transferase, and the metallothioneins mt-10 and mt-20. Moreover, we determined antioxidant enzyme activities, oxidative stress through lipid peroxidation, and activities of intermediary metabolism enzymes. The pattern of changes in relative mRNA expression levels indicate that mussels are able to sense thermal stress even when exposed to 22°C and before mussel mortality is initiated. Data indicate a close correlation between the magnitude and duration of thermal stress with lipid peroxidation levels and changes in the activity of antioxidant enzymes and the enzymes of intermediary metabolism. The gene expression and increase in the activities of antioxidant enzymes support a scenario, according to which exposure to 24°C might trigger reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, which is closely correlated with anaerobic metabolism under hypometabolic conditions. Increase and maintenance of oxidative stress in conjunction with energy balance disturbance seem to trigger mussel mortality after long-term exposure at temperatures beyond 26°C. Eventually, in the context of preparation for oxidative stress, certain hypotheses and models are suggested, integrating the several steps of cellular stress response.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Mytilus/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/fisiologia , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Animais , Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/fisiologia , Camundongos , Estresse Fisiológico/fisiologia
10.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 202: 110877, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574862

RESUMO

Heat stress has been a major environmental factor limiting the growth and development of Pinellia ternata which is an important Chinese traditional medicine. It has been reported that spermidine (SPD) and melatonin (MLT) play pivotal roles in modulating heat stress response (HSR). However, the roles of SPD and MLT in HSR of P. ternata, and the potential mechanism is still unknown. Here, exogenous SPD and MLT treatments alleviated heat-induced damages in P. ternata, which was supported by the increased chlorophyll content, OJIP curve, and relative water content, and the decreased malondialdehyde and electrolyte leakage. Then, RNA sequencing between CK (control) and Heat (1 h of heat treatment) was conducted to analyze how genes were in response to short-term heat stress in P. ternata. A total of 14,243 (7870 up- and 6373 down-regulated) unigenes were differentially expressed after 1 h of heat treatment. Bioinformatics analysis revealed heat-responsive genes mainly included heat shock proteins (HSPs), ribosomal proteins, ROS-scavenging enzymes, genes involved in calcium signaling, hormone signaling transduction, photosynthesis, pathogen resistance, and transcription factors such as heat stress transcription factors (HSFs), NACs, WRKYs, and bZIPs. Among them, PtABI5, PtNAC042, PtZIP17, PtSOD1, PtHSF30, PtHSFB2b, PtERF095, PtWRKY75, PtGST1, PtHSP23.2, PtHSP70, and PtLHC1 were significantly regulated by SPD or MLT treatment with same or different trends under heat stress condition, indicating that exogenous application of MLT and SPD might enhance heat tolerance in P. ternata through regulating these genes but may with different regulatory patterns. These findings contributed to the identification of potential genes involved in short-term HSR and the improved thermotolerance by MLT and SPD in P. ternata, which provided important clues for improving thermotolerance of P. ternata.


Assuntos
Melatonina/metabolismo , Pinellia/fisiologia , Espermidina/metabolismo , Termotolerância/genética , Clorofila/metabolismo , Regulação para Baixo/efeitos dos fármacos , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/efeitos dos fármacos , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/fisiologia , Temperatura Alta , Fotossíntese/efeitos dos fármacos , Pinellia/genética , Pinellia/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Termotolerância/efeitos dos fármacos , Transcriptoma/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
J Gen Virol ; 101(4): 385-398, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553055

RESUMO

The influenza A virus (IAV) ribonucleoprotein (vRNP) complex consists of polymerase subunits, nucleoprotein (NP) and viral RNA and is responsible for RNA transcription and replication. Interactions between the vRNP complex and host factors play important roles in virus replication, pathogenicity and species tropism. In this study, Strep-tag affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry was used to identify host factors that interact with IAV vRNP complex in infected human cells. We purified vRNP complex from HEK 293T cells infected with a recombinant mouse-adapted IAV (A/Chicken/Hubei/489/2004) containing a Strep-tag PB2 subunit and identified Y-box-binding protein 3 (YBX3) as a negative regulator of IAV replication. Overexpression of YBX3 inhibited the virus replication, viral protein expression and vRNA synthesis. Conversely, RNAi knockdown of YBX3 resulted in significantly increased virus growth rate. Furthermore, knockdown of YBX3 augmented the nuclear accumulation of NP and viral primary transcription in infected cells. Our results suggest that YBX3 restricts IAV replication by interacting with vRNP complex and subsequently imparing its function.


Assuntos
Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Vírus da Influenza A/genética , Vírus da Influenza A/metabolismo , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Ribonucleoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas do Core Viral/metabolismo , Replicação Viral , Células A549 , Animais , Proteínas Estimuladoras de Ligação a CCAAT/genética , Núcleo Celular/metabolismo , Citoplasma/metabolismo , RNA Polimerases Dirigidas por DNA/antagonistas & inibidores , Cães , Células HEK293 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Interações entre Hospedeiro e Microrganismos , Humanos , Vírus da Influenza A/enzimologia , Vírus da Influenza A/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Células Madin Darby de Rim Canino , Espectrometria de Massas , Camundongos , Ligação Proteica , RNA Interferente Pequeno , RNA Viral/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima , Proteínas do Core Viral/genética , Replicação Viral/fisiologia
13.
Nat Commun ; 11(1): 2412, 2020 05 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32415063

RESUMO

Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are components of epigenetic control mechanisms that ensure appropriate and timely gene expression. The functions of lncRNAs are often mediated through associated gene regulatory activities, but how lncRNAs are distinguished from other RNAs and recruit effector complexes is unclear. Here, we utilize the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe to investigate how lncRNAs engage silencing activities to regulate gene expression in cis. We find that invasion of lncRNA transcription into the downstream gene body incorporates a cryptic intron required for repression of that gene. Our analyses show that lncRNAs containing cryptic introns are targeted by the conserved Pir2ARS2 protein in association with splicing factors, which recruit RNA processing and chromatin-modifying activities involved in gene silencing. Pir2 and splicing machinery are broadly required for gene repression. Our finding that human ARS2 also interacts with splicing factors suggests a conserved mechanism mediates gene repression through cryptic introns within lncRNAs.


Assuntos
Regulação Fúngica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Íntrons , RNA Longo não Codificante/metabolismo , Schizosaccharomyces/genética , Processamento Alternativo , Cromatina/metabolismo , Cruzamentos Genéticos , Inativação Gênica , Genoma Fúngico , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Interferência de RNA , Sítios de Splice de RNA , RNA Longo não Codificante/genética , RNA-Seq , Schizosaccharomyces/metabolismo , Transcrição Genética
14.
PLoS One ; 15(5): e0233231, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32437379

RESUMO

Environmental changes cause stress, Reactive Oxygen Species and unfolded protein accumulation which hamper synaptic activity and trigger cell death. Heat shock proteins (HSPs) assist protein refolding to maintain proteostasis and cellular integrity. Mechanisms regulating the activity of HSPs include transcription factors and posttranslational modifications that ensure a rapid response. HSPs preserve synaptic function in the nervous system upon environmental insults or pathological factors and contribute to the coupling between environmental cues and neuron control of development. We have performed a biased screening in Drosophila melanogaster searching for synaptogenic modulators among HSPs during development. We explore the role of two small-HSPs (sHSPs), sHSP23 and sHSP26 in synaptogenesis and neuronal activity. Both sHSPs immunoprecipitate together and the equilibrium between both chaperones is required for neuronal development and activity. The molecular mechanism controlling HSP23 and HSP26 accumulation in neurons relies on a novel gene (CG1561), which we name Pinkman (pkm). We propose that sHSPs and Pkm are targets to modulate the impact of stress in neurons and to prevent synapse loss.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Drosophila/metabolismo , Drosophila melanogaster/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Drosophila melanogaster/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Sistema Nervoso Central/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Sistema Nervoso Central/metabolismo , Proteínas de Drosophila/genética , Drosophila melanogaster/genética , Genes de Insetos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico Pequenas/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico Pequenas/metabolismo , Modelos Neurológicos , Neurogênese/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Sinapses/metabolismo
15.
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A ; 117(22): 12324-12331, 2020 06 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32409605

RESUMO

Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an aggressive cancer without currently effective therapies. Radiation and temozolomide (radio/TMZ) resistance are major contributors to cancer recurrence and failed GBM therapy. Heat shock proteins (HSPs), through regulation of extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT), provide mechanistic pathways contributing to the development of GBM and radio/TMZ-resistant GBM. The Friend leukemia integration 1 (Fli-1) signaling network has been implicated in oncogenesis in GBM, making it an appealing target for advancing novel therapeutics. Fli-1 is linked to oncogenic transformation with up-regulation in radio/TMZ-resistant GBM, transcriptionally regulating HSPB1. This link led us to search for targeted molecules that inhibit Fli-1. Expression screening for Fli-1 inhibitors identified lumefantrine, an antimalarial drug, as a probable Fli-1 inhibitor. Docking and isothermal calorimetry titration confirmed interaction between lumefantrine and Fli-1. Lumefantrine promoted growth suppression and apoptosis in vitro in parental and radio/TMZ-resistant GBM and inhibited tumor growth without toxicity in vivo in U87MG GBM and radio/TMZ-resistant GBM orthotopic tumor models. These data reveal that lumefantrine, an FDA-approved drug, represents a potential GBM therapeutic that functions through inhibition of the Fli-1/HSPB1/EMT/ECM remodeling protein networks.


Assuntos
Antimaláricos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos Alquilantes/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/tratamento farmacológico , Glioblastoma/tratamento farmacológico , Lumefantrina/administração & dosagem , Temozolomida/administração & dosagem , Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Glioblastoma/genética , Glioblastoma/metabolismo , Glioblastoma/radioterapia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/genética , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Chaperonas Moleculares/genética , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo
16.
PLoS Comput Biol ; 16(5): e1007647, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32453794

RESUMO

The use of yeast systems to study the propagation of prions and amyloids has emerged as a crucial aspect of the global endeavor to understand those mechanisms. Yeast prion systems are intrinsically multi-scale: the molecular chemical processes are indeed coupled to the cellular processes of cell growth and division to influence phenotypical traits, observable at the scale of colonies. We introduce a novel modeling framework to tackle this difficulty using impulsive differential equations. We apply this approach to the [PSI+] yeast prion, which is associated with the misconformation and aggregation of Sup35. We build a model that reproduces and unifies previously conflicting experimental observations on [PSI+] and thus sheds light onto characteristics of the intracellular molecular processes driving aggregate replication. In particular our model uncovers a kinetic barrier for aggregate replication at low densities, meaning the change between prion or prion-free phenotype is a bi-stable transition. This result is based on the study of prion curing experiments, as well as the phenomenon of colony sectoring, a phenotype which is often ignored in experimental assays and has never been modeled. Furthermore, our results provide further insight into the effect of guanidine hydrochloride (GdnHCl) on Sup35 aggregates. To qualitatively reproduce the GdnHCl curing experiment, aggregate replication must not be completely inhibited, which suggests the existence of a mechanism different than Hsp104-mediated fragmentation. Those results are promising for further development of the [PSI+] model, but also for extending the use of this novel framework to other yeast prion or amyloid systems.


Assuntos
Proteínas Priônicas/metabolismo , Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo , Amiloide/química , Simulação por Computador , Guanidina/farmacologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Cinética , Modelos Biológicos , Modelos Teóricos , Fatores de Terminação de Peptídeos/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Proteínas de Saccharomyces cerevisiae/metabolismo
17.
DNA Cell Biol ; 39(7): 1228-1242, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32429692

RESUMO

Heat shock protein (HSP) is a family of highly conserved protein, which exists widely in various organisms and has a variety of important physiological functions. Currently, there is no systematic analysis of HSPs in human glioma. The aim of this study was to investigate the characteristics of HSPs through constructing protein-protein interaction network (PPIN) considering the expression level of HSPs in glioma. After the identification of the differentially expressed HSPs in glioma tissues, a specific PPIN was constructed and found that there were many interactions between the differentially expressed HSPs in glioma. Subcellular localization analysis shows that HSPs and their interacting proteins distribute from the cell membrane to the nucleus in a multilayer structure. By functional enrichment analysis, gene ontology analysis, and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes pathway analysis, the potential function of HSPs and two meaningful enrichment pathways was revealed. In addition, nine HSPs (DNAJA4, DNAJC6, DNAJC12, HSPA6, HSP90B1, DNAJB1, DNAJB6, DNAJC10, and SERPINH1) are prognostic markers for human brain glioma. These analyses provide a full view of HSPs about their expression, biological process, as well as clinical significance in glioma.


Assuntos
Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Glioma/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Biologia Computacional , Glioma/diagnóstico , Glioma/metabolismo , Glioma/patologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Humanos , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas
18.
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu ; 49(1): 98-131, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32290922

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of curcumin on the expression of glucose regulated protein 78 kD(GRP78) and cysteinyl aspartate specific proteinase-12(caspase-12) of myocardial endoplasmic reticulum stress related factors in type 2 diabetes rats. METHODS: Type 2 diabetes rats model was established by high-fat drink feeding and one-time intraperitoneal injecting streptozotocin(35 mg/kg). After model rats were built, rats was randomly divided into diabetic model group and low dose of curcumin group(200 mg/kg), high dose of curcumin group(400 mg/kg) and captopril group(60 mg/kg) with 10 rats in each group. The rats in each group were ig administered with corresponding drugs once a day. Continuous administration for 12 w. The levels of fasting blood glucose(FBG) and lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), electrocardiogram and heart weight index(HWI) were measured respectively. The myocardial pathological changes were observed by HE staining. The levels of collagen fiber expression in myocardial tissue were performed by Masson staining. The protein expression levels of GRP78 and caspase-12 in myocardium of rats were observed by immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The result showed that compared with control group, the levels of FBG and LDH of serum were increased obviously, HWI was increased, myocardial cells were hypertrophy, the collagen fibers of intercellular space of cell were increased, the protein expressions of GRP78 and caspase-12 of myocardium were increased in rats, myocardial cell apoptosis was increased in the model group(P<0. 05). Compared with model group, FBG and LDH levels and HWI were reduced, the collagen fiber of intercellular space were decreased, the protein expression levels of GRP78 and caspase-12 were lowered in high dose of curcumin group(P<0. 05). CONCLUSION: It indicates that Cur defends myocardium tissue in type 2 diabetes rats, which may be related to decreasing the level of blood glucose and the protein expressions of GRP78 and caspase-12, and blocking the ERS-initiated apoptotic.


Assuntos
Caspase 12/metabolismo , Curcumina/farmacologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Coração/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose , Glicemia , Coração/fisiopatologia , Miocárdio , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos
19.
Mol Pharmacol ; 97(6): 402-408, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32276963

RESUMO

The 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78), an endoplasmic reticulum (ER) chaperone, is a master regulator of the ER stress. A number of studies revealed that high levels of GRP78 protein in cancer cells confer multidrug resistance (MDR) to therapeutic treatment. Therefore, drug candidate that reduces GRP78 may represent a novel approach to eliminate MDR cancer cells. Our earlier studies showed that a set of 4H-chromene derivatives induced selective cytotoxicity in MDR cancer cells. In the present study, we elucidated its selective mechanism in four MDR cancer cell lines with one lead candidate (CXL146). Cytotoxicity results confirmed the selective cytotoxicity of CXL146 toward the MDR cancer cell lines. We noted significant overexpression of GRP78 in all four MDR cell lines compared with the parental cell lines. Unexpectedly, CXL146 treatment rapidly and dose-dependently reduced GRP78 protein in MDR cancer cell lines. Using human leukemia (HL) 60/mitoxantrone (MX) 2 cell line as the model, we demonstrated that CXL146 treatment activated the unfolded protein response (UPR); as evidenced by the activation of inositol-requiring enzyme 1α, protein kinase R-like ER kinase, and activating transcription factor 6. CXL146-induced UPR activation led to a series of downstream events, including extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase activation, which contributed to CXL146-induced apoptosis. Targeted reduction in GRP78 resulted in reduced sensitivity of HL60/MX2 toward CXL146. Long-term sublethal CXL146 exposure also led to reduction in GRP78 in HL60/MX2. These data collectively support GRP78 as the target of CXL146 in MDR treatment. Interestingly, HL60/MX2 upon long-term sublethal CXL146 exposure regained sensitivity to mitoxantrone treatment. Therefore, further exploration of CXL146 as a novel therapy in treating MDR cancer cells is warranted. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: Multidrug resistance is one major challenge to cancer treatment. This study provides evidence that cancer cells overexpress 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) as a mechanism to acquire resistance to standard cancer therapies. A chromene-based small molecule, CXL146, selectively eliminates cancer cells with GRP78 overexpression via activating unfolded protein response-mediated apoptosis. Further characterization indicates that CXL146 and standard therapies complementarily target different populations of cancer cells, supporting the potential of CXL146 to overcome multidrug resistance in cancer treatment.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Benzopiranos/farmacologia , Resistencia a Medicamentos Antineoplásicos/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Sistemas CRISPR-Cas , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Células HL-60 , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Mitoxantrona/farmacologia
20.
PLoS Pathog ; 16(4): e1008466, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32275693

RESUMO

Francisella tularensis, a highly infectious, intracellular bacterium possesses an atypical type VI secretion system (T6SS), which is essential for its virulence. The chaperone ClpB, a member of the Hsp100/Clp family, is involved in Francisella T6SS disassembly and type VI secretion (T6S) is impaired in its absence. We asked if the role of ClpB for T6S was related to its prototypical role for the disaggregation activity. The latter is dependent on its interaction with the DnaK/Hsp70 chaperone system. Key residues of the ClpB-DnaK interaction were identified by molecular dynamic simulation and verified by targeted mutagenesis. Using such targeted mutants, it was found that the F. novicida ClpB-DnaK interaction was dispensable for T6S, intracellular replication, and virulence in a mouse model, although essential for handling of heat shock. Moreover, by mutagenesis of key amino acids of the Walker A, Walker B, and Arginine finger motifs of each of the two Nucleotide-Binding Domains, their critical roles for heat shock, T6S, intracellular replication, and virulence were identified. In contrast, the N-terminus was dispensable for heat shock, but required for T6S, intracellular replication, and virulence. Complementation of the ΔclpB mutant with a chimeric F. novicida ClpB expressing the N-terminal of Escherichia coli, led to reconstitution of the wild-type phenotype. Collectively, the data demonstrate that the ClpB-DnaK interaction does not contribute to T6S, whereas the N-terminal and NBD domains displayed critical roles for T6S and virulence.


Assuntos
Endopeptidase Clp/metabolismo , Francisella tularensis/fisiologia , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/metabolismo , Animais , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Endopeptidase Clp/genética , Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/genética , Proteínas de Escherichia coli/metabolismo , Feminino , Francisella tularensis/genética , Francisella tularensis/metabolismo , Francisella tularensis/patogenicidade , Proteínas de Choque Térmico HSP70/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Resposta ao Choque Térmico , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Chaperonas Moleculares/metabolismo , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Sistemas de Secreção Tipo VI/metabolismo , Virulência/fisiologia
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