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1.
J Cell Sci ; 135(5)2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34028531

RESUMO

Lipid droplets (LDs) are globular subcellular structures that store neutral lipids. LDs are closely associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and are limited by a phospholipid monolayer harboring a specific set of proteins. Most of these proteins associate with LDs through either an amphipathic helix or a membrane-embedded hairpin motif. Here, we address the question of whether integral membrane proteins can localize to the surface of LDs. To test this, we fused perilipin 3 (PLIN3), a mammalian LD-targeted protein, to ER-resident proteins. The resulting fusion proteins localized to the periphery of LDs in both yeast and mammalian cells. This peripheral LD localization of the fusion proteins, however, was due to a redistribution of the ER around LDs, as revealed by bimolecular fluorescence complementation between ER- and LD-localized partners. A LD-tethering function of PLIN3-containing membrane proteins was confirmed by fusing PLIN3 to the cytoplasmic domain of an outer mitochondrial membrane protein, OM14. Expression of OM14-PLIN3 induced a close apposition between LDs and mitochondria. These data indicate that the ER-LD junction constitutes a barrier for ER-resident integral membrane proteins.


Assuntos
Gotículas Lipídicas , Proteínas de Membrana , Animais , Retículo Endoplasmático/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Fosfolipídeos , Saccharomyces cerevisiae
2.
J Cell Sci ; 135(5)2022 03 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34156466

RESUMO

Store-operated Ca2+ entry is a central component of intracellular Ca2+ signaling pathways. The Ca2+ release-activated channel (CRAC) mediates store-operated Ca2+ entry in many different cell types. The CRAC channel is composed of the plasma membrane (PM)-localized Orai1 channel and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-localized STIM1 Ca2+ sensor. Upon ER Ca2+ store depletion, Orai1 and STIM1 form complexes at ER-PM junctions, leading to the formation of activated CRAC channels. Although the importance of CRAC channels is well described, the underlying mechanisms that regulate the recruitment of Orai1 to ER-PM junctions are not fully understood. Here, we describe the rapid and transient S-acylation of Orai1. Using biochemical approaches, we show that Orai1 is rapidly S-acylated at cysteine 143 upon ER Ca2+ store depletion. Importantly, S-acylation of cysteine 143 is required for Orai1-mediated Ca2+ entry and recruitment to STIM1 puncta. We conclude that store depletion-induced S-acylation of Orai1 is necessary for recruitment to ER-PM junctions, subsequent binding to STIM1 and channel activation.


Assuntos
Canais de Cálcio , Cálcio , Acilação , Cálcio/metabolismo , Canais de Cálcio/genética , Canais de Cálcio/metabolismo , Sinalização do Cálcio , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteína ORAI1/genética , Proteína ORAI1/metabolismo , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal/genética , Molécula 1 de Interação Estromal/metabolismo
3.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34481439

RESUMO

Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis type 6 (NCL 6) is a rare progressive neurodegenerative disease that belongs to the group of lysosomal storage diseases. A clinical and genetic description of NCL 6 in a Yakut family was carried out. The proband and her sibling showed characteristic clinical signs, including myoclonic epilepsy, ataxia, psychomotor regression, dementia, and visual impairment. The onset of the disease in the age range from 3-4 years. The disease is caused by the frameshift mutation c.396dupT (p.Val133CysfsTer18) in exon 4 of the CLN6 in a homozygous state, which was detected using targeted next generation sequencing. Diagnosis of NCL is difficult due to the pronounced genetic heterogeneity of the disease, as well as the similarity with other hereditary metabolic diseases in clinical manifestations. The method of DNA diagnostics of NCL type 6 using NGS and direct sequencing according to Sanger has been introduced into the practice of medical genetic counseling.


Assuntos
Lipofuscinoses Ceroides Neuronais , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Homozigoto , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Lipofuscinoses Ceroides Neuronais/diagnóstico , Lipofuscinoses Ceroides Neuronais/genética
4.
Zool Res ; 42(5): 650-659, 2021 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472226

RESUMO

Phosphatidylserine (PS) is distributed asymmetrically in the plasma membrane of eukaryotic cells. Phosphatidylserine flippase (P4-ATPase) transports PS from the outer leaflet of the lipid bilayer to the inner leaflet of the membrane to maintain PS asymmetry. The ß subunit TMEM30A is indispensable for transport and proper function of P4-ATPase. Previous studies have shown that the ATP11A and TMEM30A complex is the molecular switch for myotube formation. However, the role of Tmem30a in skeletal muscle regeneration remains elusive. In the current study, Tmem30a was highly expressed in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscles of dystrophin-null ( mdx) mice and BaCl 2-induced muscle injury model mice. We generated a satellite cell (SC)-specific Tmem30a conditional knockout (cKO) mouse model to investigate the role of Tmem30a in skeletal muscle regeneration. The regenerative ability of cKO mice was evaluated by analyzing the number and diameter of regenerated SCs after the TA muscles were injured by BaCl 2-injection. Compared to the control mice, the cKO mice showed decreased Pax7 + and MYH3 + SCs, indicating diminished SC proliferation, and decreased expression of muscular regulatory factors (MYOD and MYOG), suggesting impaired myoblast proliferation in skeletal muscle regeneration. Taken together, these results demonstrate the essential role of Tmem30a in skeletal muscle regeneration.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Músculo Esquelético/fisiologia , Regeneração/fisiologia , Células Satélites de Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Animais , Proliferação de Células , Distrofina/genética , Distrofina/metabolismo , Antagonistas de Estrogênios/toxicidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/fisiologia , Genótipo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos mdx , Camundongos Knockout , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína MyoD/genética , Proteína MyoD/metabolismo , Miogenina/genética , Miogenina/metabolismo , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/genética , Cadeias Pesadas de Miosina/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição PAX7/genética , Fator de Transcrição PAX7/metabolismo , Regeneração/genética , Tamoxifeno/toxicidade
5.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4087, 2021 09 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34471112

RESUMO

We utilized forebrain organoids generated from induced pluripotent stem cells of patients with a syndromic form of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) with a homozygous protein-truncating mutation in CNTNAP2, to study its effects on embryonic cortical development. Patients with this mutation present with clinical characteristics of brain overgrowth. Patient-derived forebrain organoids displayed an increase in volume and total cell number that is driven by increased neural progenitor proliferation. Single-cell RNA sequencing revealed PFC-excitatory neurons to be the key cell types expressing CNTNAP2. Gene ontology analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEgenes) corroborates aberrant cellular proliferation. Moreover, the DEgenes are enriched for ASD-associated genes. The cell-type-specific signature genes of the CNTNAP2-expressing neurons are associated with clinical phenotypes previously described in patients. The organoid overgrowth phenotypes were largely rescued after correction of the mutation using CRISPR-Cas9. This CNTNAP2-organoid model provides opportunity for further mechanistic inquiry and development of new therapeutic strategies for ASD.


Assuntos
Transtorno do Espectro Autista/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Organoides/metabolismo , Prosencéfalo/metabolismo , Adolescente , Transtorno do Espectro Autista/genética , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Criança , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Humanos , Células-Tronco Pluripotentes Induzidas , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Fenótipo , Análise de Sequência de RNA
6.
World J Surg Oncol ; 19(1): 260, 2021 Aug 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465365

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to compare the Steroid 5 alpha-reductase 3 (SRD5A3) expression levels in breast cancer (BC) and normal tissues, to investigate the prognostic value of SRD5A3 mRNA expression in BC patients and to identify the SRD5A3-related signaling pathways using bioinformatics approaches. METHODS: We evaluated the expression levels of SRD5A3 and survival data in BC patients using different bioinformatic databases. Further, Cox regression analysis was conducted to predict the independent prognostic factors for BC. Moreover, the association of SRD5A3 with clinicopathological factors was measured through LinkedOmics database. And the potential role of SRD5A3 was determined by Gene Ontology and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis. Finally, protein network of SRD5A3 was constructed and genetic alterations were analyzed. RESULTS: Bioinformatic data indicated that both mRNA and protein expression levels of SRD5A3 were higher in BC group than those in the normal group (P < 0.05). Besides, BC patients with higher SRD5A3 mRNA expression levels had a lower overall survival (all P < 0.05). Cox regression analysis further demonstrated the independent prognostic value of SRD5A3 in BC (P = 0.015). SRD5A3 mRNA expression was significantly associated with N stage (P < 0.001), age (P < 0.05), and histologic subtype (P < 0.001) but had no significant relationship with other clinical characteristics (all P > 0.05). Moreover, the functional enrichment analysis revealed that the SRD5A3 was involved in metabolism-related pathways (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: SRD5A3 was highly expressed in BC tissues and high SRD5A3 expression was related to poorer prognosis. SRD5A3 serves as an oncogene and might function as a potential biomarker for prognosis and a therapeutic target for BC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , 3-Oxo-5-alfa-Esteroide 4-Desidrogenase/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Biologia Computacional , Feminino , Ontologia Genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética
7.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(4): 1019-1027, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34362477

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To detect the expression of different transcripts of lactamase ß(LACTB) gene in leukemic cell lines. METHODS: NCBI website and DNAstar software were used to detect the Bioinformatics analysis of LACTB. The expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines (THP-1, HL60, K562, U937, Jurkat and Raji) was detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), DNA and clone sequencing; the expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines was detected by Quantitative Real-time PCR. RESULTS: There were a variety of splicing isomers in LACTB, and it could produce a variety of protein isomers with conserved N-terminal and different C-terminal, moreover, there were many splice isoforms of LACTB in leukemia cell lines, and there were different expression patterns in different cell lines, including XR1, V1, V2 and V3. The expression of total LACTB showed high in HL60 cells, while low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The V1 was high expression in U937 cells but low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). V2 was high expression in HL60 cells but lowly in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of V3 was low in THP-1 cells, which was significantly different as compared with that in normal bone marrow (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The reaserch found that there are many splice isomers of LACTB in leukemic cell lines, and there are different expression patterns in different cell lines.


Assuntos
Processamento Alternativo , Leucemia , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , beta-Lactamases/genética , Células HL-60 , Humanos , Leucemia/genética , Splicing de RNA , Células U937
8.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Yi Chuan Xue Za Zhi ; 38(8): 761-764, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34365619

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To explore the genetic basis for a child with moderate non-syndromic hearing loss. METHODS: Next generation sequencing was carried out for the child. Co-segregation of the phenotype and candidate variants was verified among his family members by Sanger sequencing. RESULTS: The child was found to harbor biallelic variants of the OTOGL gene, namely c.2773C>T (p.Arg925Ter) and c.2826C>G (p.Tyr942Ter), which were respectively inherited from his phenotypically normal father and mother. Both variants were predicted to cause premature termination of protein synthesis and be disease causing by MutationTaster software. The c.2826C>G (p.Tyr942Ter) variant has not been recorded in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, both variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PM4+PP3+PP5 and PVS1+PM2+PM4+PP3, respectively). CONCLUSION: The c.2773C>T (p.Arg925Ter) and c.2826C>G (p.Tyr942Ter) variants of the OTOGL gene probably underlay the hearing loss in this child.


Assuntos
Surdez , Criança , Família , Genômica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Linhagem , Fenótipo
9.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4718, 2021 08 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34354069

RESUMO

Phospholipid synthesis and fat storage as triglycerides are regulated by lipin phosphatidic acid phosphatases (PAPs), whose enzymatic PAP function requires association with cellular membranes. Using hydrogen deuterium exchange mass spectrometry, we find mouse lipin 1 binds membranes through an N-terminal amphipathic helix, the Ig-like domain and HAD phosphatase catalytic core, and a middle lipin (M-Lip) domain that is conserved in mammalian and mammalian-like lipins. Crystal structures of the M-Lip domain reveal a previously unrecognized protein fold that dimerizes. The isolated M-Lip domain binds membranes both in vitro and in cells through conserved basic and hydrophobic residues. Deletion of the M-Lip domain in lipin 1 reduces PAP activity, membrane association, and oligomerization, alters subcellular localization, diminishes acceleration of adipocyte differentiation, but does not affect transcriptional co-activation. This establishes the M-Lip domain as a dimeric protein fold that binds membranes and is critical for full functionality of mammalian lipins.


Assuntos
Fosfatidato Fosfatase/química , Células 3T3-L1 , Adipogenia , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Sequência Conservada , Cristalografia por Raios X , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Espectrometria de Massa com Troca Hidrogênio-Deutério , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Fosfatidato Fosfatase/genética , Fosfatidato Fosfatase/metabolismo , Ligação Proteica , Domínios Proteicos , Dobramento de Proteína , Multimerização Proteica , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Deleção de Sequência , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Transcrição Genética
10.
Pan Afr Med J ; 39: 65, 2021.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34422188

RESUMO

Combined deficiency of clotting factor V and factor VIII (DF5F8) is a congenital autosomal recessive disorder. This study involved a family of four children born to consanguineous parents. The eldest daughter was referred for assessment of activated partial thromboplastin time and prothrombin time associated with hemorrhagic manifestations. Coagulation factor dosing showed combined deficiency of factor V and factor VIII as well as normal levels of other coagulation factors. DF5F8 was detected in two girls and a boy. Two protein coding genes LMAN1 (lectin, mannose binding 1) and MCFD2 (multiple coagulation factor deficiency2) were involved in the intracellular passage of Factor V and Factor VIII, including some mutations which caused deficiency of Factor V and VIII. The diagnosis of DF5F8 is routinely possible, especially in patients born to consanguineous parents with a suggestive clinico-biological condition.


Assuntos
Deficiência do Fator V/diagnóstico , Hemofilia A/diagnóstico , Adulto , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Deficiência do Fator V/genética , Feminino , Hemofilia A/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Lectinas de Ligação a Manose/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Irmãos , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética
11.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4999, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404769

RESUMO

The type I interferon (IFN) signaling pathway has important functions in resistance to viral infection, with the downstream induction of interferon stimulated genes (ISG) protecting the host from virus entry, replication and spread. Listeria monocytogenes (Lm), a facultative intracellular foodborne pathogen, can exploit the type I IFN response as part of their pathogenic strategy, but the molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear. Here we show that type I IFN suppresses the antibacterial activity of phagocytes to promote systemic Lm infection. Mechanistically, type I IFN suppresses phagosome maturation and proteolysis of Lm virulence factors ActA and LLO, thereby promoting phagosome escape and cell-to-cell spread; the antiviral protein, IFN-induced transmembrane protein 3 (IFITM3), is required for this type I IFN-mediated alteration. Ifitm3-/- mice are resistant to systemic infection by Lm, displaying decreased bacterial spread in tissues, and increased immune cell recruitment and pro-inflammatory cytokine signaling. Together, our findings show how an antiviral mechanism in phagocytes can be exploited by bacterial pathogens, and implicate IFITM3 as a potential antimicrobial therapeutic target.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Listeria/efeitos dos fármacos , Listeriose/imunologia , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fagócitos/imunologia , Fagócitos/microbiologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Interações Hospedeiro-Patógeno , Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Listeria monocytogenes/imunologia , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Fagossomos/imunologia , Células RAW 264.7 , Transcriptoma , Fatores de Virulência , Internalização do Vírus/efeitos dos fármacos
12.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 4980, 2021 08 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34404792

RESUMO

Proximity labeling (PL) with genetically-targeted promiscuous enzymes has emerged as a powerful tool for unbiased proteome discovery. By combining the spatiotemporal specificity of PL with methods for functional protein enrichment, we show that it is possible to map specific protein subclasses within distinct compartments of living cells. In particular, we develop a method to enrich subcompartment-specific RNA binding proteins (RBPs) by combining peroxidase-catalyzed PL with organic-aqueous phase separation of crosslinked protein-RNA complexes ("APEX-PS"). We use APEX-PS to generate datasets of nuclear, nucleolar, and outer mitochondrial membrane (OMM) RBPs, which can be mined for novel functions. For example, we find that the OMM RBP SYNJ2BP retains specific nuclear-encoded mitochondrial mRNAs at the OMM during translation stress, facilitating their local translation and import of protein products into the mitochondrion during stress recovery. Functional PL in general, and APEX-PS in particular, represent versatile approaches for the discovery of proteins with novel function in specific subcellular compartments.


Assuntos
RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , RNA Mitocondrial/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Técnicas de Inativação de Genes , Células HEK293 , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Membranas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Fosforilação , Proteoma/metabolismo , Proteômica , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética
13.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360843

RESUMO

Wolfram syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by optic atrophy and diabetes mellitus. Wolfram syndrome type 1 (WFS1) is caused by bi-allelic pathogenic variations in the wolframin gene. We described the first case of WFS1 due to a maternal inherited mutation with uniparental mero-isodisomy of chromosome 4. Diabetes mellitus was diagnosed at 11 years of age, with negative anti-beta cells antibodies. Blood glucose control was optimal with low insulin requirement. No pathogenic variations in the most frequent gene causative of maturity-onset diabetes of the young subtypes were detected. At 17.8 years old, a rapid reduction in visual acuity occurred. Genetic testing revealed the novel homozygous variant c.1369A>G; p.Arg457Gly in the exon 8 of wolframin gene. It was detected in a heterozygous state only in the mother while the father showed a wild type sequence. In silico disease causing predictions performed by Polyphen2 classified it as "likely damaging", while Mutation Tester and Sift suggested it was "polymorphism" and "tolerated", respectively. High resolution SNP-array analysis was suggestive of segmental uniparental disomy on chromosome 4. In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, we describe the first patient with partial uniparental mero-isodisomy of chromosome 4 carrying a novel mutation in the wolframin gene. The clinical phenotype observed in the patient and the analysis performed suggest that the genetic variant detected is pathogenetic.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 4 , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Dissomia Uniparental , Síndrome de Wolfram/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 5004, 2021 08 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34408154

RESUMO

The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Hsp70 chaperone BiP is regulated by AMPylation, a reversible inactivating post-translational modification. Both BiP AMPylation and deAMPylation are catalysed by a single ER-localised enzyme, FICD. Here we present crystallographic and solution structures of a deAMPylation Michaelis complex formed between mammalian AMPylated BiP and FICD. The latter, via its tetratricopeptide repeat domain, binds a surface that is specific to ATP-state Hsp70 chaperones, explaining the exquisite selectivity of FICD for BiP's ATP-bound conformation both when AMPylating and deAMPylating Thr518. The eukaryotic deAMPylation mechanism thus revealed, rationalises the role of the conserved Fic domain Glu234 as a gatekeeper residue that both inhibits AMPylation and facilitates hydrolytic deAMPylation catalysed by dimeric FICD. These findings point to a monomerisation-induced increase in Glu234 flexibility as the basis of an oligomeric state-dependent switch between FICD's antagonistic activities, despite a similar mode of engagement of its two substrates - unmodified and AMPylated BiP.


Assuntos
Monofosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/química , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/química , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Nucleotidiltransferases/química , Nucleotidiltransferases/metabolismo , Monofosfato de Adenosina/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/química , Trifosfato de Adenosina/metabolismo , Motivos de Aminoácidos , Biocatálise , Dimerização , Proteínas de Choque Térmico/genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Nucleotidiltransferases/genética , Processamento de Proteína Pós-Traducional
15.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445492

RESUMO

Functional characterization of cancer risk-associated single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) identified by genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has become a big challenge. To identify the regulatory risk SNPs that can lead to transcriptional misregulation, we performed parallel reporter gene assays with both alleles of 213 prostate cancer risk-associated GWAS SNPs in 22Rv1 cells. We disclosed 32 regulatory SNPs that exhibited different regulatory activities with two alleles. For one of the regulatory SNPs, rs684232, we found that the variation altered chromatin binding of transcription factor FOXA1 on the DNA region and led to aberrant gene expression of VPS53, FAM57A, and GEMIN4, which play vital roles in prostate cancer malignancy. Our findings reveal the roles and underlying mechanism of rs684232 in prostate cancer progression and hold great promise in benefiting prostate cancer patients with prognostic prediction and target therapies.


Assuntos
Fator 3-alfa Nuclear de Hepatócito/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Antígenos de Histocompatibilidade Menor/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Neoplasias da Próstata/genética , Ribonucleoproteínas Nucleares Pequenas/genética , Proteínas de Transporte Vesicular/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cromatina/metabolismo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Neoplasias da Próstata/metabolismo , Análise de Sequência de RNA , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445536

RESUMO

Chronic pain is a leading health and socioeconomic problem and an unmet need exists for long-lasting analgesics. SNAREs (soluble N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor attachment protein receptors) are required for neuropeptide release and noxious signal transducer surface trafficking, thus, selective expression of the SNARE-cleaving light-chain protease of botulinum neurotoxin A (LCA) in peripheral sensory neurons could alleviate chronic pain. However, a safety concern to this approach is the lack of a sensory neuronal promoter to prevent the expression of LCA in the central nervous system. Towards this, we exploit the unique characteristics of Pirt (phosphoinositide-interacting regulator of TRP), which is expressed in peripheral nociceptive neurons. For the first time, we identified a Pirt promoter element and cloned it into a lentiviral vector driving transgene expression selectively in peripheral sensory neurons. Pirt promoter driven-LCA expression yielded rapid and concentration-dependent cleavage of SNAP-25 in cultured sensory neurons. Moreover, the transcripts of pain-related genes (TAC1, tachykinin precursor 1; CALCB, calcitonin gene-related peptide 2; HTR3A, 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor 3A; NPY2R, neuropeptide Y receptor Y2; GPR52, G protein-coupled receptor 52; SCN9A, sodium voltage-gated channel alpha subunit 9; TRPV1 and TRPA1, transient receptor potential cation channel subfamily V member 1 and subfamily A member 1) in pro-inflammatory cytokines stimulated sensory neurons were downregulated by viral mediated expression of LCA. Furthermore, viral expression of LCA yielded long-lasting inhibition of pain mediator release. Thus, we show that the engineered Pirt-LCA virus may provide a novel means for long lasting pain relief.


Assuntos
Toxinas Botulínicas Tipo A/farmacologia , Neuropeptídeos/metabolismo , Dor/prevenção & controle , Sistema Nervoso Periférico/metabolismo , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/metabolismo , Proteína 25 Associada a Sinaptossoma/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fusão de Membrana , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Nociceptores/efeitos dos fármacos , Nociceptores/metabolismo , Dor/genética , Dor/metabolismo , Dor/patologia , Sistema Nervoso Periférico/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Células Receptoras Sensoriais/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteína 25 Associada a Sinaptossoma/genética
17.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(16)2021 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34445578

RESUMO

The phenomenon of how oncogenes and tumor-suppressor mutations can synergize to promote tumor fitness and cancer progression can be studied in relatively simple animal model systems such as Drosophila melanogaster. Almost two decades after the landmark discovery of cooperative oncogenesis between oncogenic RasV12 and the loss of the tumor suppressor scribble in flies, this and other tumor models have provided new concepts and findings in cancer biology that has remarkable parallels and relevance to human cancer. Here we review findings using the RasV12; scrib-/- tumor model and how it has contributed to our understanding of how these initial simple genetic insults cooperate within the tumor cell to set in motion the malignant transformation program leading to tumor growth through cell growth, cell survival and proliferation, dismantling of cell-cell interactions, degradation of basement membrane and spreading to other organs. Recent findings have demonstrated that cooperativity goes beyond cell intrinsic mechanisms as the tumor interacts with the immediate cells of the microenvironment, the immune system and systemic organs to eventually facilitate malignant progression.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mutação , Neoplasias/patologia , Microambiente Tumoral , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Proteínas ras/metabolismo , Animais , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Neoplasias/etiologia , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Proteínas ras/genética
18.
Oxid Med Cell Longev ; 2021: 2989974, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34457111

RESUMO

In the present study, we used lipopolysaccharide- (LPS-) stimulated H9C2 cardiomyocytes to investigate whether irisin treatment attenuates septic cardiomyopathy via Fundc1-related mitophagy. Fundc1 levels and mitophagy were significantly reduced in LPS-stimulated H9C2 cardiomyocytes but were significantly increased by irisin treatment. Irisin significantly increased ATP production and the activities of mitochondrial complexes I and III in the LPS-stimulated cardiomyocytes. Irisin also improved glucose metabolism and significantly reduced LPS-induced levels of reactive oxygen species by increasing the activities of antioxidant enzymes, glutathione peroxidase (GPX), and superoxide dismutase (SOD), as well as levels of reduced glutathione (GSH). TUNEL assays showed that irisin significantly reduced LPS-stimulated cardiomyocyte apoptosis by suppressing the activation of caspase-3 and caspase-9. However, the beneficial effects of irisin on oxidative stress, mitochondrial metabolism, and viability of LPS-stimulated H9C2 cardiomyocytes were abolished by silencing Fundc1. These results demonstrate that irisin abrogates mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, and apoptosis through Fundc1-related mitophagy in LPS-stimulated H9C2 cardiomyocytes. This suggests irisin is a potentially useful treatment for septic cardiomyopathy, though further investigations are necessary to confirm our findings.


Assuntos
Apoptose , Cardiomiopatias/patologia , Fibronectinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Miócitos Cardíacos/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo , Sepse/patologia , Animais , Cardiomiopatias/etiologia , Cardiomiopatias/metabolismo , Células Cultivadas , Fibronectinas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Proteínas Mitocondriais/genética , Mitofagia , Miócitos Cardíacos/metabolismo , Ratos , Sepse/etiologia , Sepse/metabolismo
19.
Clin Lab ; 67(8)2021 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34383404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abnormal expression of miR 20a is reported in various types of malignancy neoplasms. However, its function is not consistent in different tumors. This study aims to explore the potential functions of miR 20a and its underlying mechanisms in bladder cancer. METHODS: Ninety-six patients diagnosed with bladder cancer were recruited into the study. The expression levels of miR-20a in bladder cancer samples and adjacent non-tumor samples were investigated by qRT-PCR. Wound healing, CCK8, and transwell migration assays were carried out for determining the functions of miR20a. Bioinformatics analysis was used for predicting the downstream gene of miR-20a. Western blot, qRT-PCR, and fluorescent reporter assays were used to verify the target gene. RESULTS: MiR-20a was significantly increased in bladder cancer tissues, and its rising level was closely correlated with histological grade, clinical stage, recurrence and metastasis in bladder cancer. Exogenous upregulation of miR-20a expression obviously enhanced the aggressive biological functions of bladder cancer in vitro. LASS2 was verified to be a target gene of miR-20a. Moreover, miR-20a can negatively regulate LASS2 at protein and mRNA levels. CONCLUSIONS: Increasing miR-20a is closely related to aggressive clinicopathological features. MiR 20a plays an oncogenic role in bladder cancer, which contributes to target LASS2 directly.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Membrana/genética , MicroRNAs , Esfingosina N-Aciltransferase/genética , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/genética , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/genética , Invasividade Neoplásica , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Esfingosina N-Aciltransferase/metabolismo , Proteínas Supressoras de Tumor/metabolismo , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/genética
20.
J Int Med Res ; 49(8): 3000605211038133, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396835

RESUMO

Congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNS) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder that occurs in the first 0 to 3 months of life. The course of CNS is progressive, often leading to end-stage renal disease within 2 to 3 years. Most patients with CNS are resistant to glucocorticoids and immunosuppressive drugs. We report a girl aged 1 month and 20 days who was admitted to hospital with a history of abdominal distension and palpebral edema. She was diagnosed with CNS and administered a glucocorticoid (methylprednisolone) for 2 years. Targeted high-throughput next-generation sequencing showed mutations in the NPHS1 gene. She had a favorable outcome after 2 years of treatment. She has remained in complete remission for the last 6 months. From a clinical point of view, the outcome of CNS may be associated with end-stage renal disease or even death. Appropriate pharmacotherapy is beneficial to maintain a normal function and integrity of the glomerular barrier. An aggressive treatment plan is required to save the life of patients with CNS, even if a heterozygous mutation is detected by genetic analysis.


Assuntos
Síndrome Nefrótica , Feminino , Testes Genéticos , Heterozigoto , Humanos , Lactente , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Mutação , Síndrome Nefrótica/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Nefrótica/genética
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