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1.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 5903-5910, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Gastric cancer (GC) exhibits heterogeneous clinical and molecular features, requiring the development of new biomarkers to further understand this disease. Our transcriptomic analysis detected overexpression of melanoma-associated antigen A6 (MAGEA6) in metastatic GC, leading us to determine the clinical significance of MAGEA6 in GC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen GC cell lines and 230 pairs of surgically resected gastric tissues were subjected to mRNA expression analysis. Polymerase chain reaction array analysis was performed to identify coordinately expressed cancer-related genes, and immunohistochemistry (IHC) was used to detected MAGEA6 expression in situ. RESULTS: MAGEA6 mRNA levels were positively correlated with the expression of matrix metallopeptidase 9 mRNA. MAGEA6 mRNA levels were higher in GC tissues compared with those in normal adjacent tissues. Patients with high MAGEA6 expression had significantly worse prognosis. MAGEA6 protein levels in primary lesions predicted the likelihood of recurrence. CONCLUSION: Overexpression of MAGEA6 in GC tissues represents a promising biomarker for assessing the malignant phenotype of GC.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Gastrectomia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/metabolismo , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma/secundário , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/metabolismo , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/secundário , Adenocarcinoma Mucinoso/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/secundário , Carcinoma de Células em Anel de Sinete/cirurgia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/secundário , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/cirurgia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Taxa de Sobrevida
2.
Anticancer Res ; 39(11): 6015-6023, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31704827

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We previously reported that expression of melanoma-associated antigen (MAGE)-D4 mRNA was a prognostic factor for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC). The aim of this study was to validate the expression of MAGE-D4 in two additional patient cohorts, and to investigate its biological functions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The role of MAGE-D4 in cell proliferation, adhesion, and migration was determined by gene knockdown experiments in the KYSE590 cell line. MAGE-D4 protein expression was analyzed in ESCC tissues by immunohistochemistry. A second validation cohort consisted of an ESCC mRNA dataset from The Cancer Genome Atlas. RESULTS: Knockdown of MAGE-D4 significantly decreased cell proliferation and migration. Expression of MAGE-D4 protein was significantly associated with disease-free survival. In the second validation cohort, high MAGE-D4 mRNA expression was associated with significantly shorter overall survival and disease-free survival. CONCLUSION: MAGE-D4 plays an important role in the malignant behavior of ESCC. MAGE-D4 was validated as a prognostic indicator in two independent ESCC patient cohorts.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/secundário , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Idoso , Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Adesão Celular , Proliferação de Células , Estudos de Coortes , Neoplasias Esofágicas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Metástase Neoplásica , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Taxa de Sobrevida , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
3.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(11): 1346-1356, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31618054

RESUMO

DNA hydroxymethylation is one of the major epigenetic mechanisms mediating the development of several human cancers. This study aimed to identify key hydroxymethylated genes and transcription factors (TFs) associated with alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-negative hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) using whole-genome DNA hydroxymethylation profiling. A total of 615 differentially hydroxymethylated regions (DHMRs) were identified from AFP-negative HCC tissues compared to adjacent normal tissues. DHMR-associated genes were significantly enriched in gene ontology functions associated with actin binding, cell leading edge, and blood vessel morphogenesis and pathways such as MAPK signaling pathway, neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction, and axon guidance. Moreover, protein-protein interaction (PPI) network analysis showed that PH domain and leucine-rich repeat protein phosphatase 1 (PHLPP1) and SWI/SNF related, matrix associated, actin dependent regulator of chromatin, subfamily A, member 2 (SMARCA2) had higher degrees and were hub nodes. Furthermore, TF prediction analysis showed that TFs, such as nuclear factor I C (NFIC) and GATA binding protein 3 (GATA3), regulated many DHMR-associated genes. Our findings reveal that key hydroxymethylated genes such as PHLPP1 and SMARCA2, as well as TFs such as NFIC and GATA, may be involved in the development of AFP-negative HCC. These molecules may be potential biomarkers for AFP-negative HCC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Metilação de DNA , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Epigênese Genética/fisiologia , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , alfa-Fetoproteínas/metabolismo
4.
Anticancer Res ; 39(10): 5361-5367, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570430

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: The mechanism responsible for B-cell translocation gene 1 (BTG1) down-regulation in breast carcinoma remains unknown. We examined the BTG1 expression status in breast carcinoma cells and investigated the mechanism underlying the observed alterations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four breast carcinoma cell lines (SK-BR-3, MDA-MB-231, T-47D, and MCF-7), and one normal mammary epithelial cell line (MCF-10A) were analyzed. BTG1 expression was examined using quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and western blot. Methylation status of the BTG1 promoter was analyzed using methylation-specific PCR (MSP). To investigate the effect of methylation on BTG1, the cells were treated with a demethylating agent. RESULTS: The carcinoma cells expressed significantly lower levels of BTG1 mRNA and protein than normal cells. The BTG1 promoter was highly methylated in the carcinoma cells. 5-aza-2-deoxycytidine significantly restored BTG1 expression. CONCLUSION: Down-regulation of BTG1 expression through epigenetic repression is involved in mammary carcinogenesis. BTG1 is a potential diagnostic marker and therapeutic target for breast carcinoma.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Regulação para Baixo/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Epigênese Genética/genética , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Células MCF-7 , RNA Mensageiro/genética
5.
Cytogenet Genome Res ; 159(1): 12-18, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31593956

RESUMO

The human genome harbors many duplicated segments, which sometimes show very high sequence identity. This may complicate assignment during genome assembly. One such example is in Xq28, where the arrangement of 2 recently duplicated segments varies between genome assembly versions. The duplicated segments comprise highly similar genes, including MAGEA3 and MAGEA6, which display specific expression in testicular germline cells, and also become aberrantly activated in a variety of tumors. Recently, a new gene was identified, CT-GABRA3, the transcription of which initiates inside the segmental duplication but extends far outside. According to the latest genome annotation, CT- GABRA3 starts near MAGEA3, with which it shares a bidirectional promoter. In an earlier annotation, however, the duplicated segment was positioned in the opposite orientation, and CT-GABRA3 was instead coupled with MAGEA6. To resolve this discrepancy, and based on the contention that genes connected by a bidirectional promoter are almost always co-expressed, we decided to compare the expression profiles of CT-GABRA3, MAGEA3, and MAGEA6. We found that in tumor tissues and cell lines of different origins, the expression of CT-GABRA3 was better correlated with that of MAGEA6. Moreover, in a cellular model of experimental induction with a DNA demethylation agent, activation CT-GABRA3 was associated with that of MAGEA6, but not with that of MAGEA3. Together these results support a connection between CT-GABRA3 and MAGEA6 and illustrate how promoter-sharing genes can be exploited to resolve genome assembly uncertainties.


Assuntos
Antígenos de Neoplasias/genética , Cromossomos Humanos X/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Receptores de GABA-A/genética , Duplicações Segmentares Genômicas/genética , Antígenos de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Epigênese Genética/genética , Duplicação Gênica/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Genoma Humano/genética , Humanos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
6.
BMC Bioinformatics ; 20(1): 450, 2019 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477009

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mutational signatures are specific patterns of somatic mutations introduced into the genome by oncogenic processes. Several mutational signatures have been identified and quantified from multiple cancer studies, and some of them have been linked to known oncogenic processes. Identification of the processes contributing to mutations observed in a sample is potentially informative to understand the cancer etiology. RESULTS: We present here SigsPack, a Bioconductor package to estimate a sample's exposure to mutational processes described by a set of mutational signatures. The package also provides functions to estimate stability of these exposures, using bootstrapping. The performance of exposure and exposure stability estimations have been validated using synthetic and real data. Finally, the package provides tools to normalize the mutation frequencies with respect to the tri-nucleotide contents of the regions probed in the experiment. The importance of this effect is illustrated in an example. CONCLUSION: SigsPack provides a complete set of tools for individual sample exposure estimation, and for mutation catalogue & mutational signatures normalization.


Assuntos
Carcinogênese/genética , Genoma Humano , Mutação , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/genética , Software , Carcinogênese/patologia , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Humanos , Taxa de Mutação , Neoplasias/patologia
7.
Gynecol Oncol ; 155(2): 324-330, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31477280

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To date, The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) has provided the most extensive molecular characterization of invasive cervical cancer (ICC). Analysis of reverse phase protein array (RPPA) data from TCGA samples showed that cervical cancers could be stratified into 3 clusters exhibiting significant differences in survival outcome: hormone, EMT, and PI3K/AKT. The goals of the current study were to: 1) validate the TCGA RPPA results in an independent cohort of ICC patients and 2) to develop and validate an algorithm encompassing a small antibody set for clinical utility. METHODS: Subjects consisted of 2 ICC patient cohorts with accompanying RPPA and clinical-pathologic data: 155 samples from TCGA (TCGA-155) and 61 additional, unique samples (MCW-61). Using data from 173 common RPPA antibodies, we replicated Silhouette clustering analysis in both ICC cohorts. Further, an index score for each patient was calculated from the survival-associated antibodies (SAAs) identified using Random survival forests (RSF) and the Cox proportional hazard regression model. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and the log-rank test were performed to assess and compare cluster or risk group survival outcome. RESULTS: In addition to validating the prognostic ability of the proteomic clusters reported by TCGA, we developed an algorithm based on 22 unique antibodies (SAAs) that stratified women with ICC into low-, medium-, or high-risk survival groups. CONCLUSIONS: We provide a signature of 22 antibodies which accurately predicted survival outcome in 2 separate groups of ICC patients. Future studies examining these candidate biomarkers in additional ICC cohorts is warranted to fully determine their clinical potential.


Assuntos
Proteômica , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/mortalidade , Adulto , Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/genética , Anticorpos Antineoplásicos/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/genética , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/imunologia
8.
Pharm Res ; 36(11): 158, 2019 Sep 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31512001

RESUMO

PURPOSE: P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) are xenobiotic transporters which pump out variety types of compounds, but information on their interaction with endogenous substrates in the skin is limited. The purpose of the present study was to clarify possible association of these transporters in dermal accumulation of inflammatory mediators. METHODS: Dermatitis model was constructed by repeated topical application of oxazolone in wild-type, and P-gp and BCRP gene triple knockout (Mdr1a/1b/Bcrp-/-) mice to observe difference in phenotype. Target metabolome analysis of 583 metabolites was performed using skin and plasma. RESULTS: Dermatitis and scratching behavior in dermatitis model of Mdr1a/1b/Bcrp-/- mice were more severe than wild-type mice, suggesting protective roles of these transporters. This hypothesis was supported by the metabolome analysis which revealed that concentration of histamine and other dermatitis-associated metabolites like urate and serotonin in the dermatitis skin, but not normal skin, of Mdr1a/1b/Bcrp-/- mice was higher than that of wild-type mice. Gene expression of P-gp and BCRP was reduced in oxazolone-treated skin and the skin of patients with atopic dermatitis or psoriasis. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest possible association of these efflux transporters with dermal inflammatory mediators, and such association could be observed in the dermatitis skin.


Assuntos
Membro 1 da Subfamília B de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Membro 2 da Subfamília G de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/genética , Dermatite/metabolismo , Histamina/metabolismo , Metaboloma/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Pele/metabolismo , Animais , Deleção de Genes , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout
9.
Cancer Sci ; 110(11): 3476-3485, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31454442

RESUMO

Octamer transcription factor 1 (OCT1) is an androgen receptor (AR)-interacting partner and regulates the expression of target genes in prostate cancer cells. However, the function of OCT1 in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) is not fully understood. In the present study, we used 22Rv1 cells as AR-positive CRPC model cells to analyze the role of OCT1 in CRPC. We showed that OCT1 knockdown suppressed cell proliferation and migration of 22Rv1 cells. Using microarray analysis, we identified four AR and OCT1-target genes, disks large-associated protein 5 (DLGAP5), kinesin family member 15 (KIF15), non-SMC condensin I complex subunit G (NCAPG), and NDC80 kinetochore complex component (NUF2) in 22Rv1 cells. We observed that knockdown of DLGAP5 and NUF2 suppresses growth and migration of 22Rv1 cells. Furthermore, immunohistochemical analysis showed that positive expression of DLGAP5 in prostate cancer specimens is related to poor cancer-specific survival rates of patients. Notably, enhanced expression of DLGAP5 was observed in CRPC tissues of patients. Thus, our findings suggest that these four genes regulated by the AR/OCT1 complex could have an important role in CRPC progression.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Ciclo Celular/genética , Cinesina/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Fator 1 de Transcrição de Octâmero/fisiologia , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/genética , Receptores Androgênicos/genética , Idoso , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Movimento Celular/genética , Proliferação de Células/genética , Proteínas do Citoesqueleto , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Inativação Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Análise em Microsséries , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Fator 1 de Transcrição de Octâmero/genética , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Regulação para Cima
10.
Life Sci ; 234: 116788, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31445935

RESUMO

Livin is an important member of the human inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) family. IAPs are proteins with antiapoptotic abilities, and their functions are different from the Bcl-2 (B-cell lymphoma-2) family proteins. However, the precise role of Livin in colon cancer progression remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of overexpression Livin in colon cancer cells and to examine its molecular mechanism. We demonstrated that Livin induced a colon cancer phenotype, including proliferation and migration, by regulating H2A.XY39ph (histone family 2A variant (H2AX) phosphorylated on the 39th serine site). We elucidated that Livin degraded Jumonji-C domain-containing 6 protein (JMJD6), which was mediated by the proteasome murine double minute 2 (MDM2), thereby regulating H2A.XY39ph. Above all, the overexpression of JMJD6 recovered H2A.XY39ph in colon cancer cells with a high level of Livin, thus inhibiting colon cancer malignancy progression. These results reveal a previously unrecognized role for Livin in regulating the tumor-initiating capacity in colon cancer and provide a novel treatment strategy in cancer via the interruption of H2A.XY39ph function and the interaction between H2A.XY39ph and JMJD6.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Histonas/metabolismo , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Mapas de Interação de Proteínas , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Neoplasias do Colo/genética , Neoplasias do Colo/metabolismo , Progressão da Doença , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Histonas/genética , Humanos , Proteínas Inibidoras de Apoptose/genética , Histona Desmetilases com o Domínio Jumonji/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Proteólise
11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31446696

RESUMO

Objective:To make the molecular diagnosis of a patient complaining hearing loss and with specific facial features, developmental delay, vertebral dysplasia, hypotonia and other suspected phenotypes of Kabuki make-up syndrome(KS); to investigate the characteristics and main phenotypes of KS. Method:①Whole-exome sequencing and bioinformatics analysis were performed for proband and her parents. ②Literatures describing the clinical features of KS patients with clear molecular diagnosis from the period of Aug 2010 to Mar 2019 were collected from databases of PubMed and CNKI. Result:①The proband carries the c. 15777insT variant(p. Pro5260fs*10) in KMT2D gene. The variant causes the termination codon to appear prematurely. KMT2D c. 15777insT was classified as PVS1+PS1+PM2 according to the ACMG variation interpretation standard, which is a disease-causing mutation. The c. 15777insT was first reported as a pathogenic mutation of KS. ②77 peer-reviewed publications on KS were analysed including 462 patients with KS. The main findings were intellectual disability(305 cases), congenital heart defects(227 cases), hypotonia(184 cases), short fingers(147 cases), short stature(144 cases), cleft palate(139 cases), hearing loss(101 cases) and developmental delay(99 cases). Of the 101 patients with hearing loss, 11 were confirmed to have conductive hearing loss(1 with recurrent otitis media), 3 with mixed hearing loss, 12 with sensorineural deafness(1 with recurrence otitis media) and 75 patients with unidentified types of deafness(28 with recurrent otitis media). Conclusion:KS involves defects of a wide range of organs, with each organ showing different severity of symptoms, which is easily misdiagnosed from the phenotypes. We suggest the diagnosis on hearing loss in KS patients should be strengthened. KMT2D and KDM6A are two pathogenic genes that have been identified for KS. With the increase of age, its typical clinical phenotypes become more and more obvious. When there is only atypical suspected KS symptoms in the early neonatal period, relevant genetic test should be performed as soon as possible to achieve early diagnosis and intervention.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Múltiplas/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Face/anormalidades , Perda Auditiva/etiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/complicações , Doenças Hematológicas/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Doenças Vestibulares/complicações , Doenças Vestibulares/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Mutação , Fenótipo
12.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(9): 915-921, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31429604

RESUMO

Pharynx-larynx cancer is a complex malignant tumor with the sixth-highest morbidity and mortality rate worldwide. The telomerase reverse transcriptase TERT-CLPTM1L gene, located on chromosome 5p15.33, plays a key role in the occurrence and progression of various cancer. The purpose of this hospital-based case-control study of patients in northern China was to explore the association between two single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) rs401681 in TERT and rs2736100 in CLPTM1L and the risk of head and neck cancer. We collected samples and relative characteristics and then analyzed the relationship between SNPs and pharynx-larynx cancer susceptibility by logistic regression analysis. The results suggested that the male patients carrying CT and CT+CC genotype model of rs401681 was associated with reduced risk of pharynx-larynx cancer compared with the CC genotype (adjusted odds ratios were 0.701 and 0.704, and 95% confidence intervals were 0.495-0.992 and 0.506-0.980; p-values were 0.045 and 0.038, respectively). In addition, we found that subjects with allele-C showed a relatively low risk of pharyngeal cancer when smoking exposure history was obtained. But the limitation is that in the future we need to further investigate about the exact functional effect of these two variant genes and a larger scale sample. Overall, in this research, our results show that the TERT-CLPTM1L gene could be a meaningful biomarker for pharynx-larynx cancer susceptibility.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias Faríngeas/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Telomerase/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
13.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 375-382, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31408531

RESUMO

In large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL), MYC translocation and MYC/BCL2 or MYC/BCL6 double hit (DH) are associated with poor prognosis, and there is an unmet need for novel treatment targets in this patient group. Treatments targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway are still poorly elucidated in LBCL. PD-L1 expression might predict response to treatment targeting the PD-L1/PD-1 pathway. We therefore investigated the relationship between PD-L1 protein and mRNA expression levels and MYC and DH translocation in LBCL. We detected MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 translocation by fluorescent in situ hybridization in tissue samples from 130 patients randomly selected from two cohorts of patients with LBCL: 49 patients with MYC translocation of whom 36 had DH and 81 without MYC translocation. PD-L1 protein expression was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) in tissue samples from 77 patients and PD-L1 mRNA expression by next-generation RNA sequencing (NGS) in another 77 patients. Twenty-four patients overlapped, ie, were analysed with both IHC and NGS. Nonparametric tests were performed to evaluate intergroup differences. PD-L1 protein expression level was significantly lower in patients with MYC (n = 42, median = 3.3%, interquartile range [IQR] 0.0-10.8) or DH translocations (n = 31, median = 3.3%, IQR 0.0-10.0) compared with patients with no MYC (n = 35, median = 16.7%, IQR 3.3-30.0) or no DH translocations (n = 46, 13.3%, IQR 2.5-30.0), P = .004 and P ≤ .001, respectively. PD-L1 mRNA expression was also significantly lower in patients with MYC or DH translocations, P = .001 and P = .006, respectively. Higher PD-L1 protein and mRNA expression levels were associated with non-germinal centre (GC) type compared with germinal centre B-cell (GCB)-type diffuse LBCL (DLBCL), P = .004 and P = .002, respectively. In conclusion, we report an association between low PD-L1 expression and MYC and DH translocation in patients with LBCL. Our findings may indicate that patients with MYC or DH translocation may benefit less from treatment with PD-L1/PD-1-inhibitors compared with patients without these translocations. This should be evaluated in larger, prospective, consecutive trials.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/biossíntese , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Genes myc , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , RNA Mensageiro/biossíntese , RNA Neoplásico/biossíntese , Translocação Genética , Adulto , Idoso , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/metabolismo , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/patologia , Antígeno B7-H1/genética , Feminino , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes bcl-2 , Centro Germinativo/patologia , Sequenciamento de Nucleotídeos em Larga Escala , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-6/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Neoplásico/genética , Estudos Retrospectivos
14.
Bioengineered ; 10(1): 345-352, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31411110

RESUMO

This study aimed to detect serum miR-203 expression levels in AML and explore its potential clinical significance. Quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was performed to measure the serum miR-203 levels in 134 patients with AML and 70 healthy controls. The results demonstrated that serum miR-203 expression was significantly reduced in AML patients compared with healthy controls. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) analysis revealed miR-203 could distinguish AML cases from normal controls. Low serum miR-203 levels were associated with worse clinical features, as well as poorer overall survival and relapse free survival of AML patients. Moreover, multivariate analysis confirmed low serum miR-203 expression to be an independent unfavorable prognostic predictor for AML. The bioinformatics analysis showed that the downstream genes and pathways of miR-203 was closely associated with tumorigenesis. Downregulation of miR-203 in AML cell lines upregulated the expression levels of oncogenic promoters such as CREB1, SRC and HDAC1. Thus, these findings demonstrated that serum miR-203 might be a promising biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of AML.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Carcinogênese/genética , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Antagomirs/genética , Antagomirs/metabolismo , Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/sangue , Proteína de Ligação ao Elemento de Resposta ao AMP Cíclico/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Ontologia Genética , Histona Desacetilase 1/sangue , Histona Desacetilase 1/genética , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/sangue , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/mortalidade , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , MicroRNAs/antagonistas & inibidores , MicroRNAs/sangue , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Análise Multivariada , Proteínas de Neoplasias/sangue , Prognóstico , Curva ROC , Recidiva , Transdução de Sinais , Análise de Sobrevida , Quinases da Família src/sangue , Quinases da Família src/genética
15.
Gene ; 715: 144005, 2019 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31376410

RESUMO

Members of the highly conserved pleiotropic CK1 family of serine/threonine-specific kinases are tightly regulated in the cell and play crucial regulatory roles in multiple cellular processes from protozoa to human. Since their dysregulation as well as mutations within their coding regions contribute to the development of various different pathologies, including cancer and neurodegenerative diseases, they have become interesting new drug targets within the last decade. However, to develop optimized CK1 isoform-specific therapeutics in personalized therapy concepts, a detailed knowledge of the regulation and functions of the different CK1 isoforms, their various splice variants and orthologs is mandatory. In this review we will focus on the stress-induced CK1 isoform delta (CK1δ), thereby addressing its regulation, physiological functions, the consequences of its deregulation for the development and progression of diseases, and its potential as therapeutic drug target.


Assuntos
Caseína Quinase Idelta/química , Caseína Quinase Idelta/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Neoplasias/enzimologia , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Caseína Quinase Idelta/antagonistas & inibidores , Caseína Quinase Idelta/genética , Sistemas de Liberação de Medicamentos/métodos , Humanos , Isoenzimas/antagonistas & inibidores , Isoenzimas/química , Isoenzimas/genética , Isoenzimas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias/genética , Neoplasias/patologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
DNA Cell Biol ; 38(10): 1112-1124, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31464520

RESUMO

In this study, we mined out hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) driver genes from MEDLINE literatures by bioinformatics methods of pathway crosstalk and protein interaction network. Furthermore, the relationship between driver genes and their clinicopathological characteristics, as well as classification effectiveness was verified in the public databases. We identified 560 human genes reported to be associated with HCC in 1074 published articles. Functional analysis revealed that biological processes and biochemical pathways relating to tumor pathogenesis, cancer disease, tumor cell molecule, and hepatic disease were enriched in these genes. Pathway crosstalk analysis indicated that significant pathways could be divided into three modules: cancer disease, virus infection, and tumor signaling pathway. The HCC-related protein-protein interaction network comprised 10,212 nodes, and 56,400 edges were mined out to identify 18 modules corresponding to 14 driver genes. We verified that these 14 driver genes have high classification effectiveness to distinguish cancer samples from normal samples and the classification effectiveness was better than that of randomly selected genes. Present study provided pathway crosstalk and protein interaction network for understanding potential tumorigenesis genes underlying HCC. The 14 driver genes identified from this study are of great translational value in HCC diagnosis and treatment, as well as in clinical study on the pathogenesis of HCC.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Redes Reguladoras de Genes , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Idoso , Carcinogênese/genética , Carcinogênese/metabolismo , Carcinogênese/patologia , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/metabolismo , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/metabolismo , Mapeamento de Interação de Proteínas , Curva ROC , Transdução de Sinais
17.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4137-4142, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366498

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: P53 is a key regulator of genomic stability and function, acting as a tumor suppressor protein. Our aim was to correlate P53 expression with murine double minute 2 (MDM2), a proto-oncogene that interacts with P53 and forms an auto-regulatory pathway, in laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 50 LSCC cases were included in the study. Immunohistochemistry was applied by using antibodies to P53 and MDM2 in the corresponding tissue sections. Protein expression levels for both molecules were measured by implementing a digital image analysis assay (immunostaining intensity levels, densitometric evaluation). RESULTS: Overexpression of P53 protein was observed in 16/50 (32%) LSCC cases, while 22/50 (44%) cases strongly expressed MDM2 protein. Interestingly, in 13/50 (26%) cases, combined overexpression of P53/MDM2 was detected. Overall P53 was strongly positively correlated with MDM2 expression (p=0.001). Both P53 and MDM2 overexpression were significantly correlated with advanced stage of LSCC (p=0.032 and p=0.001, respectively). Additionally, MDM2 was found to be associated with poorer survival of patients (p=0.046). CONCLUSION: Aberrant co-expression of P53 and MDM2 is associated with advanced stage in LSCC. Furthermore, MDM2 overexpression is a frequent and critical genetic event in LSCC and seems to negatively affect survival.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Laríngeas/diagnóstico por imagem , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-mdm2/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Idoso , Animais , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/tratamento farmacológico , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/genética , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Neoplasias Laríngeas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Laríngeas/genética , Neoplasias Laríngeas/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
18.
Hematol Oncol ; 37(4): 392-400, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31420873

RESUMO

Ibrutinib, a first-generation Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) inhibitor, could improve immunity of relapsed or refractory (R/R) chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) patients. Whether zanubrutinib, a second-generation selective BTK inhibitor, has similar effects as ibrutinib remains to be determined. Dynamics of number and immunophenotype of immune cells during zanubrutinib treatment in 25 R/R CLL/SLL patients were examined by flow cytometry and blood routine tests. The expression intensity of programmed death-1 (PD-1) on total CD4+ (P < .01), total CD8+ (P < .01), and T helper cells (P < .05) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-associated antigen-4 (CTLA-4) on total CD4+ (P = .010) and regulatory T cells (P < .05) reduced after treatment. There were significant differences in expression intensity of CD19 (P < .01), C-X-C chemokine receptor type 5 (CXCR5) (P < .01), and CD49d (P < .05) on B cells before and after treatment. Downregulation of PD-1 on T cells and CXCR5 and CD19 on B cells were observed in nearly all patients after zanubrutinib treatment. Programmed death-ligand 1 expression downregulated, especially in the female, CLL, normal spleen, normal ß2-macroglobulin (ß2-MG) and abnormal lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) subgroups, and CTLA-4 expression on CD4+ T cells tended to decrease in the male, old, CLL, splenomegaly, abnormal ß2-MG, normal LDH, IGHV-mutated and wild-type tumor protein 53 subgroups after zanubrutinib treatment. These findings suggest that zanubrutinib can regulate immunity primarily by improving T cell exhaustion, inhibiting suppressor cells and disrupting CLL cells migration through downregulation of adhesion/homing receptors. Furthermore, favorable changes in cell number and immunophenotype were preferably observed in patients without adverse prognostic factors.


Assuntos
Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Proteínas de Neoplasias/antagonistas & inibidores , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Pirimidinas/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos B/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Células Matadoras Naturais/efeitos dos fármacos , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/imunologia , Leucemia Linfocítica Crônica de Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Proteínas de Neoplasias/biossíntese , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirimidinas/farmacologia , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos B/imunologia , Subpopulações de Linfócitos T/efeitos dos fármacos
19.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4423-4430, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366540

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the impact of DEPDC1 expression on patient prognosis after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed data from 75 patients who underwent hepatic resection for HCC between 2004 and 2013. Recurrence at 2 years following resection, which mainly included metastatic recurrence, was defined as late recurrence. RESULTS: DEPDC1 was up-regulated in HCC tissue and in non-tumor tissue of patients with HCC compared to normal liver (p<0.01 and p<0.01, respectively). High expression of DEPDC1 was associated with poor overall, disease-specific, and disease-free survival (p=0.02, p<0.01, and p<0.01, respectively). High DEPDC1 expression was an independent predictor of death and recurrence (p=0.03 and p<0.01, respectively). High expression of DEPDC1 in non-tumor liver was an independent risk factor for late recurrence (p=0.04). CONCLUSION: High expression of DEPDC1 in tumor tissue appears to be associated with tumor progression and poor prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/genética , Proteínas Ativadoras de GTPase/genética , Neoplasias Hepáticas/genética , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Prognóstico , Idoso , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/diagnóstico , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/mortalidade , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
20.
Anticancer Res ; 39(8): 4517-4523, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31366554

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) have dramatically changed the clinical outcomes of advanced tumours. However, biomarkers for monitoring immunological features during immunotherapy remain unclear, especially those in the peripheral blood, which are easily available. This study evaluated the usefulness of nCounter Analysis System in identifying immunological biomarkers in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) during ICI therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: PBMCs from two patients who responded well to ICI therapy were used, and the expression levels of immune-related mRNA and extracellular proteins were analyzed. RESULTS: Changes in the expression levels of 55 genes from pre-treatment to on-treatment were bioinformatically similar between the two cases. The expression levels of PD-1 were consistent with those by flow cytometry analysis, a reliable tool for monitoring various markers. CONCLUSION: The nCounter Analysis System may be a potent tool to simultaneously investigate genes and proteins on PBMCs as biomarkers during immunotherapy using a small amount of sample.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/sangue , Imunoterapia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/sangue , Proteínas de Neoplasias/genética , Idoso , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/imunologia , Humanos , Leucócitos Mononucleares/imunologia , Leucócitos Mononucleares/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pulmonares/genética , Neoplasias Pulmonares/imunologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , RNA Mensageiro/sangue
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