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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255699

RESUMO

Organic anion transporters (OATs) are membrane proteins within the Solute carrier family 22 (SLC22). They play important roles in cellular uptake of various organic compounds, and due to their expression in barrier tissues of major excretory and non-excretory organs are considered as crucial elements in absorption and distribution of a wide range of endobiotic and xenobiotic compounds. Based on our previous work and initial insights on SLC22 members in zebrafish (Danio rerio), in this study we aimed at in vitro characterization of Oat1 and Oat3 transporters and understanding of their interaction with potential physiological substrates. We first performed synteny analysis to describe in more detail orthological relationship of zebrafish oat1 and oat3 genes. We then developed stable cell lines overexpressing Oat1 and Oat3, and identified Lucifer yellow as Oat1 model fluorescent substrate (Km = 11.4 µM) and 6-carboxyfluorescein as Oat3 model substrate (Km = 5.8 µM). Initial identification performed using the developed assays revealed Kreb's cycle intermediates, bilirubin, bile salts and steroid hormones as the most potent of Oat1 and Oat3 interactors, with IC50 values in micromolar range. Finally, we showed that bilirubin, deoxycholic acid, α-ketoglutarate, pregnenolone, estrone-3-sulfate and corticosterone are in vitro substrates of zebrafish Oat1, and bilirubin and deoxycholic acid are Oat3 substrates. In conclusion, using the approach described, structural and functional similarities of both transporters to human and mammalian orthologs are revealed, their broad ligand selectivity confirmed, potent interactors among endobiotic compounds identified, and first indications of their potential physiological role(s) in zebrafish obtained.


Assuntos
Proteína 1 Transportadora de Ânions Orgânicos/metabolismo , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos Sódio-Independentes/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Proteína 1 Transportadora de Ânions Orgânicos/antagonistas & inibidores , Transportadores de Ânions Orgânicos Sódio-Independentes/antagonistas & inibidores , Ligação Proteica , Transporte Proteico , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/antagonistas & inibidores
2.
Toxicol Lett ; 314: 43-52, 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31310794

RESUMO

Thioredoxin is an evolutionarily conserved antioxidant protein that plays a crucial role for fundamental cellular processes and embryonic development. Growing evidence support that Thioredoxin influences cellular response to chemicals insults, particularly those accompanying oxidative stress. The mechanisms underlying the functions of Thioredoxin1 in the embryonic development under the environmental toxicant exposure remain, however, largely unexplored. We report here that thioredoxin1 becomes differentially expressed in zebrafish embryos after exposure to 9 out of 11 environmental chemicals. In situ gene expression analysis show that thioredoxin1 is expressed in neurons, olfactory epithelia, liver and swim bladder under normal conditions. After MeHg exposure, however, thioredoxin1 is ectopically induced in the hair cells of the lateral line and in epithelia cells of the pharynx. Knockdown of Thioredoxin1 induces hydrocephalus and increases cell apoptosis in the brain ventricular epithelia cells. In comparison with 5% malformation in embryos injected with control morpholino, MeHg induces more than 77% defects in Thioredoxin1 knockdown embryos. Our data suggest that there is an association between hydrocephalus and Thioredoxin1 malfunction in embryonic development, and provide valuable information to elucidate the protective role of Thioredoxin1 against chemicals disruption.


Assuntos
Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Ambientais/toxicidade , Hidrocefalia/induzido quimicamente , Tiorredoxinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/embriologia , Encéfalo/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero/patologia , Células Epiteliais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Células Epiteliais/patologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Hidrocefalia/embriologia , Hidrocefalia/genética , Hidrocefalia/metabolismo , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Neurônios/metabolismo , Neurônios/patologia , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Tiorredoxinas/genética , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética
3.
Aquat Toxicol ; 213: 105219, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31195325

RESUMO

Nrf2 is a crucial transcription factor that regulates the expression of cytoprotective enzymes and controls cellular redox homeostasis. Both arsenic and fluoride are potent toxicants that are known to induce Nrf2. They are reported to coexist in many areas of the world leading to complex mixture effects in exposed organisms. The present study investigated the expression of Nrf2 and related xenobiotic metabolizing enzymes along with other stress markers such as histopathological alterations, catalase activity, reduced glutathione content and lipid peroxidation in zebrafish liver as a function of combined exposure to environmentally relevant concentrations of arsenic (37.87 µgL-1 or 5.05 × 10-7 M) and fluoride (6.8 mg L-1 or 3.57 × 10-4 M) for 60 days. The decrease in the total reduced glutathione level was evident in all treatment conditions. Hyperactivity of catalase along with conspicuous elevation in reactive oxygen species, malondialdehyde content and histo-architectural anomalies signified the presence of oxidative stress in the treatment groups. Nrf2 was seen to be induced at both transcriptional and translational levels in case of both individual and co-exposure. The same pattern was observed in case of its nuclear translocation also. From the results of qRT-PCR it was evident that at each time point co-exposure to arsenic and fluoride seemed to alter the gene expression of Cu/Zn Sod, Mn Sod, Gpx and Nqo1 just like their individual exposure but at a very low magnitude. In conclusion, this study demonstrates for the first time the differential expression and activity of Nrf2 and other stress response genes in the zebrafish liver following individual and combined exposure to arsenic and fluoride.


Assuntos
Arsênico/toxicidade , Fluoretos/toxicidade , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/enzimologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/genética , Xenobióticos/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Catalase/metabolismo , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/patologia , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Superóxido Dismutase/metabolismo , Substâncias Reativas com Ácido Tiobarbitúrico/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31176867

RESUMO

In rice field eel (Monopterus albus), germ cell development in the developing gonad has been revealed in detail. However, it is unclear how primordial germ cells (PGCs) migrate to the somatic part of the gonad (genital ridge). This study visualized PGC migration by injecting a chimeric mRNA containing a fluorescent protein fused to the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of three different genes, nanos3 of zebrafish (Danio rerio) and dead end (dnd) and vasa of rice field eel. The mRNAs were injected either alone or in pairs into embryos at the one-cell stage. The results showed that mRNAs containing nanos3 and dnd 3'UTRs labeled PGCs over a wider time frame than those containing vasa 3'UTR, suggesting that nanos3 and dnd 3'UTRs are suitable for visualizing PGCs in rice field eel. Using this direct visualization method, the normal migration route of PGCs was observed from the 50%-epiboly stage to hatching stage for the first time, and the ectopic PGCs were also visualized during this period in rice field eel. These findings extend our knowledge of germ cell development, and lay a foundation for further research on the relationship between PGCs and sex differentiation, and on incubation conditions for embryos in rice field eel.


Assuntos
Células Germinativas/metabolismo , Smegmamorpha/embriologia , Regiões 3' não Traduzidas , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Movimento Celular/genética , Movimento Celular/fisiologia , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/genética , RNA Helicases DEAD-box/metabolismo , Feminino , Proteínas de Peixes/genética , Proteínas de Peixes/metabolismo , Células Germinativas/citologia , Proteínas Luminescentes/genética , Proteínas Luminescentes/metabolismo , Masculino , RNA/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/genética , Proteínas de Ligação a RNA/metabolismo , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Smegmamorpha/genética , Smegmamorpha/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
5.
Aquat Toxicol ; 212: 88-97, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31077970

RESUMO

Ionocytes are specialized cells in the epidermis of embryonic zebrafish (Danio rerio) that play important roles in ion homeostasis and have functional similarities to mammalian renal cells. Here, we examined whether these cells might also share another functional similarity with renal cells, which is the presence of efflux transporter activities useful for elimination of toxic small molecules. Xenobiotic transporters (XTs), including the ATP-Binding Cassette (ABC) family, are a major defense mechanism against diffusible toxic molecules in aquatic embryos, including zebrafish, but their activity in the ionocytes has not previously been studied. Using fluorescent small molecule substrates of XT, we observed that specific populations of ionocytes uptake and efflux fluorescent small molecules in a manner consistent with active transport. We specifically identified a P-gp/ABCB1 inhibitor-sensitive efflux activity in the H+-ATPase-rich (HR) ionocytes, and show that these cells exhibit enriched expression of the ABCB gene, abcb5. The results extend our understanding of the functional significance of zebrafish ionocytes and indicate that these cells could play an important role in protection of the fish embryo from harmful small molecules.


Assuntos
Embrião não Mamífero/citologia , Embrião não Mamífero/metabolismo , Xenobióticos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Ânions , Transporte Biológico , Epiderme/efeitos dos fármacos , Corantes Fluorescentes/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , ATPases Translocadoras de Prótons/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética
6.
Chemosphere ; 229: 169-180, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31078031

RESUMO

Although silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are used in various commercial products, the biological effects of AgNPs on fish embryogenesis and the underlying molecular mechanisms are still poorly understood. In this study, both touch responses and neuron membrane potential were found to be abnormal in AgNPs-stressed embryos. Moreover, neurogenesis genes were unveiled to be down-regulated and were enriched in ligand-gated ion channel activity, dopamine receptor signaling pathway, etc. in AgNPs-stressed embryos by microarray assays. Additionally, the down-regulated expression of otpa/sncgb - gad1b/gad2 dopaminergic neurotransmitter genes, robo2 - vim and glrbb synaptic transmission genes, and motor neuron genes isl1 &isl2a was further identified in both AgNPs- and Ag+-stressed embryos by qPCR, whole-mount in situ hybridization (WISH), and by using specific promoter-derived GFP fluorescence transgenic zebrafish. Moreover, the reduced expression of gad1b, gad2, and isl1 could be recovered by adding Ag+ chelating compound l-cysteine in AgNPs stressed embryos. Our results reveal for the first time that it is through damaging the formation of neural circuits, including dopaminergic neurotransmitter, synaptic transmission, and motor activities, that AgNPs induce abnormal electrical membrane properties, leading to dysfunctional touch responses and locomotor escape responses mostly via their released Ag+ during embryogenesis.


Assuntos
Embrião não Mamífero/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Fenômenos Fisiológicos do Sistema Nervoso/efeitos dos fármacos , Prata/química , Prata/toxicidade , Tato/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Animais , Embrião não Mamífero/fisiologia , Tato/fisiologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
7.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31075501

RESUMO

Zebrafish (Danio rerio) are widely used animal models. Nevertheless, the mechanisms underlying hypoxia tolerance in this species have remained poorly understood. In the present study, we have determined the effects of hypoxia on blood-O2 transport properties and mitochondrial respiration rate in permeabilized muscle fibres of adult zebrafish exposed to either 1) a gradual decrease in O2 levels until fish lost equilibrium (~1 h, acute hypoxia), or 2) severe hypoxia (PO2 ∼ 15 Torr) for 48 h (prolonged hypoxia). Acute, short-term hypoxia caused an increase in hemoglobin (Hb) O2 affinity (decrease in P50), due to a decrease in erythrocyte ATP after erythrocyte swelling. No changes in isoHb expression patterns were observed between hypoxic and normoxic treatments. Prolonged hypoxia elicited additional reponses on O2 consumption: lactate accumulated in the blood, indicating that zebrafish relied on glycolysis for ATP production, and mitochondrial respiration of skeletal muscle was overall significantly inhibited. In addition, male zebrafish had higher hypoxia tolerance (measured as time to loss of equilibrium) than females. The present study contributes to our understanding of the adaptive mechanisms that allow zebrafish, and by inference other fish species, to cope with low O2 levels.


Assuntos
Hipóxia/sangue , Músculo Esquelético/metabolismo , Consumo de Oxigênio , Oxigênio/sangue , Peixe-Zebra/sangue , Animais , Transporte Biológico Ativo , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
8.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 2024, 2019 05 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31048699

RESUMO

Mutations in the polycystins cause autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD). Here we show that transmembrane protein 33 (TMEM33) interacts with the ion channel polycystin-2 (PC2) at the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membrane, enhancing its opening over the whole physiological calcium range in ER liposomes fused to planar bilayers. Consequently, TMEM33 reduces intracellular calcium content in a PC2-dependent manner, impairs lysosomal calcium refilling, causes cathepsins translocation, inhibition of autophagic flux upon ER stress, as well as sensitization to apoptosis. Invalidation of TMEM33 in the mouse exerts a potent protection against renal ER stress. By contrast, TMEM33 does not influence pkd2-dependent renal cystogenesis in the zebrafish. Together, our results identify a key role for TMEM33 in the regulation of intracellular calcium homeostasis of renal proximal convoluted tubule cells and establish a causal link between TMEM33 and acute kidney injury.


Assuntos
Lesão Renal Aguda/patologia , Cálcio/metabolismo , Túbulos Renais Proximais/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPP/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Lesão Renal Aguda/genética , Animais , Membrana Celular/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Embrião não Mamífero , Retículo Endoplasmático/metabolismo , Estresse do Retículo Endoplasmático , Células Epiteliais/citologia , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HeLa , Humanos , Túbulos Renais Proximais/citologia , Lisossomos/metabolismo , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Mutação , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/genética , Rim Policístico Autossômico Dominante/patologia , RNA Interferente Pequeno/metabolismo , Canais de Cátion TRPP/genética , Canais de Cátion TRPP/fisiologia , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
9.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 180: 646-655, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31136875

RESUMO

Triazophos (TAP) has become a part of widespread pollutant of the aquatic environment due to its residue. Current study was designed to investigate the toxic effect of TAP at different doses (0.06, 0.3 and 1.5 mg/L) to the model organism of zebrafish (Danio rerio) by using multi-endpoint analysis in a 96 h acute exposure test. The direct observation that histological and ultrastructural alteration of zebrafish brain and liver were carried out via paraffin section in hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) staining and transmission electron microscopy (TEM), respectively. In addition, a series of methods were applied for exploring the physiological parameters related to cellular apoptosis. Results indicated that vacuolar structure after 96 h treatment with TAP were appeared in the molecular and granular layers of cerebellum. A large number of nuclear retraction, tissues vacuolation and cytoplasmic loss were observed in liver at histological level. From the fine structural level, the mitochondrial vacuolation and membrane damage of brain cells were found and the cristae of mitochondria disintegrated partly in hepatocytes. Onset of such histological structure alterations were one of the most intuitive reflection to TAP exposure, which needs to analyze biochemical alterations for further study. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) showed a downward trend in the brain and liver of zebrafish. Simultaneously, the activity of caspase-3 and caspase-9 increased after 96 h exposure with a concentration-dependent manner, which could be served as a suitable indicator of cellular apoptosis. Furthermore, apoptosis-related genes (Apaf-1, p53, Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and caspase-9) transcription showed different alterations in response to the TAP treatment. These results indicated that TAP exposure led to apoptosis in zebrafish brain and liver and it was speculated that the apoptosis may occur through mitochondrial pathway. The present study demonstrated that the exposure of zebrafish to the insecticide TAP led to observe its effects at both histological structure and apoptosis level in liver and brain.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Encéfalo/efeitos dos fármacos , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Organotiofosfatos/toxicidade , Triazóis/toxicidade , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Fígado/patologia , Potencial da Membrana Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
10.
Int J Mol Sci ; 20(9)2019 May 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31052497

RESUMO

The purpose of the present study is to evaluate the effect of rice bran ash mineral extract (RBM) on pigmentation in zebrafish (Danio rerio). Melanin has the ability to block ultraviolet (UV) radiation and scavenge free oxygen radicals, thus protecting the skin from their harmful effects. Agents that increase melanin synthesis in melanocytes may reduce the risk of photodamage and skin cancer. The present study investigates the effect of RBM on pigmentation in zebrafish and the underlying mechanism. RBM was found to significantly increase the expression of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor (MITF), a key transcription factor involved in melanin production. RBM also suppressed the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), which negatively regulates zebrafish pigmentation. Together, these results suggest that RBM promotes melanin biosynthesis in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Oryza/química , Pigmentação/efeitos dos fármacos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Animais , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/efeitos dos fármacos , Melaninas/metabolismo , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/genética , Fator de Transcrição Associado à Microftalmia/metabolismo , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
11.
BMC Genomics ; 20(1): 341, 2019 May 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31060508

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elevated water temperature, as is expected through climate change, leads to masculinization in fish species with sexual plasticity, resulting in changes in population dynamics. These changes are one important ecological consequence, contributing to the risk of extinction in small and inbred fish populations under natural conditions, due to male-biased sex ratio. Here we investigated the effect of elevated water temperature during embryogenesis on sex ratio and sex-biased gene expression profiles between two different tissues, namely gonad and caudal fin of adult zebrafish males and females, to gain new insights into the molecular mechanisms underlying sex determination (SD) and colour patterning related to sexual attractiveness. RESULTS: Our study demonstrated sex ratio imbalances with 25.5% more males under high-temperature condition, resulting from gonadal masculinization. The result of transcriptome analysis showed a significantly upregulated expression of male SD genes (e.g. dmrt1, amh, cyp11c1 and sept8b) and downregulation of female SD genes (e.g. zp2.1, vtg1, cyp19a1a and bmp15) in male gonads compared to female gonads. Contrary to expectations, we found highly differential expression of colour pattern (CP) genes in the gonads, suggesting the 'neofunctionalisation' of those genes in the zebrafish reproduction system. However, in the caudal fin, no differential expression of CP genes was identified, suggesting the observed differences in colouration between males and females in adult fish may be due to post-transcriptional regulation of key enzymes involved in pigment synthesis and distribution. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates male-biased sex ratio under high temperature condition and support a polygenic SD (PSD) system in laboratory zebrafish. We identify a subset of pathways (tight junction, gap junction and apoptosis), enriched for SD and CP genes, which appear to be co-regulated in the same pathway, providing evidence for involvement of those genes in the regulation of phenotypic sexual dimorphism in zebrafish.


Assuntos
Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Gônadas/metabolismo , Diferenciação Sexual , Razão de Masculinidade , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Animais , Cor , Feminino , Temperatura Alta , Masculino , Maturidade Sexual , Transcriptoma , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética
12.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1551, 2019 04 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30948728

RESUMO

The segregation of eukaryotic genomes into euchromatin and heterochromatin represents a fundamental and poorly understood process. Here, we demonstrate that genome-wide establishment of heterochromatin is triggered by the maternal to zygotic transition (MZT) during zebrafish embryogenesis. We find that prior to MZT, zebrafish lack hallmarks of heterochromatin including histone H3 lysine 9 trimethylation (H3K9me3) and condensed chromatin ultrastructure. Global establishment of heterochromatic features occurs following MZT and requires both activation of the zygotic genome and degradation of maternally deposited RNA. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that zygotic transcription of the micro RNA miR-430 promotes degradation of maternal RNA encoding the chromatin remodeling protein Smarca2, and that clearance of Smarca2 is required for global heterochromatin establishment in the early embryo. Our results identify MZT as a key developmental regulator of heterochromatin establishment during vertebrate embryogenesis and uncover functions for Smarca2 in protecting the embryonic genome against heterochromatinization.


Assuntos
Desenvolvimento Embrionário/genética , Heterocromatina/genética , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Animais , Cromatina/genética , Cromatina/metabolismo , Cromatina/ultraestrutura , Embrião não Mamífero/citologia , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Heterocromatina/metabolismo , Heterocromatina/ultraestrutura , MicroRNAs/metabolismo , MicroRNAs/fisiologia , Transcrição Genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
13.
Chemosphere ; 228: 159-165, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31029961

RESUMO

The presence of the transmembrane proteins of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) family, which perform the efflux of several substances, contributes to the survival of aquatic organisms in a contaminated environmental. Those proteins provide a phenotype named the multixenobiotic resistance mechanism (MXR) by performing the efflux of a wide range of endogenous and exogenous compounds (ABCB) and biotransformation products and anionic compounds (ABCC). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the cellular defense pathway of an established culture from zebrafish hepatocytes (ZF-L) after 24 and 48 h of exposure to glyphosate and Original Roundup®, an herbicide used globally. Through abcb4, abcc1, abcc2 and abcc4 gene expression, ABCB and ABCC2 protein expression and ABC pump activity in ZF-L cells exposed to glyphosate and Roundup®. The results showed an increase in ABCB gene and protein expression; however, although ABCC2 showed an increase in gene expression, its protein expression was lower than in the control group. Regarding ABC activity, only exposure to Roundup® at the lowest concentration showed an increase at 48 h, but in the presence of inhibitors, both glyphosate and Roundup® appeared to modulate ABC activity, reducing its inhibition and returning activity to levels without inhibitor.


Assuntos
Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/efeitos dos fármacos , Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicina/análogos & derivados , Subfamília B de Transportador de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/efeitos dos fármacos , Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP/metabolismo , Animais , Células Cultivadas , Glicina/farmacologia , Hepatócitos/metabolismo , Herbicidas/farmacologia , Proteínas Associadas à Resistência a Múltiplos Medicamentos/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
14.
PLoS Genet ; 15(4): e1008058, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30933982

RESUMO

In the skin and gill epidermis of fish, ionocytes develop alongside keratinocytes and maintain body fluid ionic homeostasis that is essential for adaptation to environmental fluctuations. It is known that ionocyte progenitors in zebrafish embryos are specified from p63+ epidermal stem cells through a patterning process involving DeltaC (Dlc)-Notch-mediated lateral inhibition, which selects scattered dlc+ cells into the ionocyte progenitor fate. However, mechanisms by which the ionocyte progenitor population is modulated remain unclear. Krüppel-like factor 4 (Klf4) transcription factor was previously implicated in the terminal differentiation of mammalian skin epidermis and is known for its bifunctional regulation of cell proliferation in a tissue context-dependent manner. Here, we report novel roles for zebrafish Klf4 in the ventral ectoderm during embryonic skin development. We found that Klf4 was expressed in p63+ epidermal stem cells of the ventral ectoderm from 90% epiboly onward. Knockdown or knockout of klf4 expression reduced the proliferation rate of p63+ stem cells, resulting in decreased numbers of p63+ stem cells, dlc-p63+ keratinocyte progenitors and dlc+ p63+ ionocyte progenitor cells. These reductions subsequently led to diminished keratinocyte and ionocyte densities and resulted from upregulation of the well-known cell cycle regulators, p53 and cdkn1a/p21. Moreover, mutation analyses of the KLF motif in the dlc promoter, combined with VP16-klf4 or engrailed-klf4 mRNA overexpression analyses, showed that Klf4 can bind the dlc promoter and modulate lateral inhibition by directly repressing dlc expression. This idea was further supported by observing the lateral inhibition outcomes in klf4-overexpressing or knockdown embryos. Overall, our experiments delineate novel roles for zebrafish Klf4 in regulating the ionocyte progenitor population throughout early stem cell stage to initiation of terminal differentiation, which is dependent on Dlc-Notch-mediated lateral inhibition.


Assuntos
Células-Tronco Embrionárias/citologia , Células-Tronco Embrionárias/metabolismo , Células Epidérmicas/citologia , Células Epidérmicas/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Padronização Corporal , Diferenciação Celular , Proliferação de Células , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/genética , Inibidor de Quinase Dependente de Ciclina p21/metabolismo , Ectoderma/citologia , Ectoderma/embriologia , Ectoderma/metabolismo , Regulação da Expressão Gênica no Desenvolvimento , Brânquias/citologia , Brânquias/embriologia , Brânquias/metabolismo , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Transporte de Íons , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/deficiência , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Receptores Notch/genética , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Transativadores/genética , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/deficiência , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética
15.
Sci Total Environ ; 674: 71-76, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31004905

RESUMO

The objective of the research is to study the action of Vitellogenin and P-4501A1 following coexposure at different times to genistein and PCB-126 using zebrafish as a model system. Polychlorinated biphenyls are ubiquitous substances in environment. The genistein is a phytoestrogen extracted from soybeans and it's contained in food for humans and animals. For this study, 200 adult zebrafish were used. Our findings show a marked immunoreactivity of Vtg at 12h in liver than the control with only PCB-126. Regarding effects of PCB-126 on Vtg after pretreatment with genistein in fishes, the immunohistochemistry results show a minor increase at 12h. After 24h the immunoreactivity is lower than 12h and then slightly increased at 72h with only PCB-126 and PCB-126 and genistein together. CYP1A1 progressively increases from 12h to 72h in all groups with minor immunoreactivity when we treated fish with genistein and PCB-126. We show a reduction in the estrogenic effect when the fishes were treated with genistein and PCB-126 together at 12h than the group treated with only PCB-126. Moreover, low concentrations of genistein decrease the marked P450 expression induced by PCB-126. This shows that genistein decreases the expression of P450 target genes mediated by AhR.


Assuntos
Sistema Enzimático do Citocromo P-450/metabolismo , Genisteína/metabolismo , Bifenilos Policlorados/toxicidade , Vitelogeninas/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Fígado/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(16): 4623-4631, 2019 Apr 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30950260

RESUMO

Propiconazole is a triazole fungicide that has been widely used in agriculture and has been detected in the aquatic environment. This study aimed to investigate the effects of propiconazole exposure on lipid metabolism in the early life stages of zebrafish for 120 h postfertilization (hpf). Using the early life stages of zebrafish to address scientific questions is lower in cost, more efficient, and suitable to meeting current legislation than those in other traditional fish species. Exposure to propiconazole significantly inhibited the development of zebrafish embryos and larvae. This exposure also caused reduced locomotor activities in zebrafish. Furthermore, total cholesterol levels, lipoprotein lipase, and fatty acid synthase activities were significantly decreased. The expression levels of genes involved in lipid metabolism were significantly up-regulated in response to propiconazole exposure. GC-MS/MS analysis revealed that fatty acids were significantly decreased. Together, the findings indicate the potential environmental risks of propiconazole exposure in the aquatic ecosystem.


Assuntos
Fungicidas Industriais/toxicidade , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Triazóis/toxicidade , Peixe-Zebra/embriologia , Animais , Ácido Graxo Sintases/genética , Ácido Graxo Sintases/metabolismo , Feminino , Lipase Lipoproteica/genética , Lipase Lipoproteica/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
17.
Eur J Med Chem ; 174: 198-215, 2019 Jul 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31035240

RESUMO

A new class of PDE4 inhibitors were designed and synthesized via the InCl3 mediated heteroarylation of indoles and their further derivatization through the Pd(II)-catalyzed CH activation strategy. This effort allowed us to discover a series of 2-(1H-indol-3-yl)-quinoxaline based inhibitors possessing PDE4B selectivity over PDE4D and PDE4C. One of these compounds i.e. 3b (PDE4B IC50 = 0.39 ±â€¯0.13 µM with ∼27 and > 250 fold selectivity for PDE4B over PDE4D and C, respectively) showed effects in Zebrafish experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis when dosed at 3, 10 and 30 mg/kg intraperitoneally. Indeed, it halted the progression of the disease across all these doses tested. At an intraperitoneal dose of 30 mg/kg the compound 3b showed promising effects in adjuvant induced arthritic rats. The compound reduced paw volume, inflammation and pannus formation (in the knee joints) as well as pro-inflammatory gene expression/mRNA levels significantly in arthritic rats. Moreover, this compound was found to be selective towards PDE4 over other families of PDEs in vitro and safe when tested for its probable toxicity (e.g. teratogenicity, hepatotoxicity and cardiotoxicity) in Zebrafish.


Assuntos
Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Nucleotídeo Cíclico Fosfodiesterase do Tipo 4/metabolismo , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Esclerose Múltipla/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/uso terapêutico , Quinoxalinas/uso terapêutico , Animais , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Adjuvante de Freund , Índio , Indóis/síntese química , Indóis/química , Indóis/toxicidade , Estrutura Molecular , Esclerose Múltipla/induzido quimicamente , Glicoproteína Oligodendrócito-Mielina , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/síntese química , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/química , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 4/toxicidade , Quinoxalinas/síntese química , Quinoxalinas/química , Quinoxalinas/toxicidade , Ratos , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
18.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1606, 2019 04 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962435

RESUMO

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) regulates vasculogenesis by using its tyrosine kinase receptors. However, little is known about whether Sec14-like phosphatidylinositol transfer proteins (PTP) are involved in this process. Here, we show that zebrafish sec14l3, one of the family members, specifically participates in artery and vein formation via regulating angioblasts and subsequent venous progenitors' migration during vasculogenesis. Vascular defects caused by sec14l3 depletion are partially rescued by restoration of VEGFR2 signaling at the receptor or downstream effector level. Biochemical analyses show that Sec14l3/SEC14L2 physically bind to VEGFR2 and prevent it from dephosphorylation specifically at the Y1175 site by peri-membrane tyrosine phosphatase PTP1B, therefore potentiating VEGFR2 signaling activation. Meanwhile, Sec14l3 and SEC14L2 interact with RAB5A/4A and facilitate the formation of their GTP-bound states, which might be critical for VEGFR2 endocytic trafficking. Thus, we conclude that Sec14l3 controls vasculogenesis in zebrafish via the regulation of VEGFR2 activation.


Assuntos
Neovascularização Fisiológica/fisiologia , Proteínas de Transferência de Fosfolipídeos/metabolismo , Receptor 2 de Fatores de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Proteínas de Transporte/metabolismo , Embrião não Mamífero , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Técnicas de Silenciamento de Genes , Células HEK293 , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Lipoproteínas/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transferência de Fosfolipídeos/genética , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Transativadores/metabolismo , Proteínas rab5 de Ligação ao GTP/metabolismo
19.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1839, 2019 04 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31015398

RESUMO

Hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs) are capable of producing all mature blood lineages, as well as maintaining the self-renewal ability throughout life. The hairy-like organelle, cilium, is present in most types of vertebrate cells, and plays important roles in various biological processes. However, it is unclear whether and how cilia regulate HSPC development in vertebrates. Here, we show that cilia-specific genes, involved in primary cilia formation and function, are required for HSPC development, especially in hemogenic endothelium (HE) specification in zebrafish embryos. Blocking primary cilia formation or function by genetic or chemical manipulations impairs HSPC development. Mechanistically, we uncover that primary cilia in endothelial cells transduce Notch signal to the earliest HE for proper HSPC specification during embryogenesis. Altogether, our findings reveal a pivotal role of endothelial primary cilia in HSPC development, and may shed lights into in vitro directed differentiation of HSPCs.


Assuntos
Cílios/metabolismo , Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/fisiologia , Receptores Notch/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/fisiologia , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Cílios/genética , Embrião não Mamífero , Desenvolvimento Embrionário/fisiologia , Hemangioblastos/citologia , Hemangioblastos/metabolismo , Hematopoese/fisiologia , Modelos Animais , Peixe-Zebra/fisiologia
20.
Nat Commun ; 10(1): 1791, 2019 04 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30996251

RESUMO

Apoptotic death of cells damaged by genotoxic stress requires regulatory input from surrounding tissues. The C. elegans scaffold protein KRI-1, ortholog of mammalian KRIT1/CCM1, permits DNA damage-induced apoptosis of cells in the germline by an unknown cell non-autonomous mechanism. We reveal that KRI-1 exists in a complex with CCM-2 in the intestine to negatively regulate the ERK-5/MAPK pathway. This allows the KLF-3 transcription factor to facilitate expression of the SLC39 zinc transporter gene zipt-2.3, which functions to sequester zinc in the intestine. Ablation of KRI-1 results in reduced zinc sequestration in the intestine, inhibition of IR-induced MPK-1/ERK1 activation, and apoptosis in the germline. Zinc localization is also perturbed in the vasculature of krit1-/- zebrafish, and SLC39 zinc transporters are mis-expressed in Cerebral Cavernous Malformations (CCM) patient tissues. This study provides new insights into the regulation of apoptosis by cross-tissue communication, and suggests a link between zinc localization and CCM disease.


Assuntos
Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/metabolismo , Apoptose/fisiologia , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/metabolismo , Proteínas de Transporte de Cátions/metabolismo , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/patologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/metabolismo , Zinco/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Geneticamente Modificados , Apoptose/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas Reguladoras de Apoptose/genética , Encéfalo/patologia , Encéfalo/cirurgia , Caenorhabditis elegans/fisiologia , Caenorhabditis elegans/efeitos da radiação , Proteínas de Caenorhabditis elegans/genética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/genética , Hemangioma Cavernoso do Sistema Nervoso Central/cirurgia , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Proteína KRIT1/genética , Proteína KRIT1/metabolismo , Fatores de Transcrição Kruppel-Like/metabolismo , Sistema de Sinalização das MAP Quinases/fisiologia , Camundongos , Proteína Quinase 1 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteína Quinase 7 Ativada por Mitógeno/metabolismo , Proteínas Musculares/genética , Proteínas Musculares/metabolismo , Mutagênese , Mutação , Fosforilação/fisiologia , Alinhamento de Sequência , Peixe-Zebra , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/genética , Proteínas de Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
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