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1.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: e50721, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1103402

RESUMO

Objetivo: apresentar atualizações para a ressuscitação cardiopulmonar em pacientes suspeitos e confirmados com COVID-19. Método: revisão compreensiva da literatura, com síntese narrativa das evidências de diretrizes e recomendações da Organização Mundial de Saúde, Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira, American Heart Association, Resuscitation Council UK, American College of Surgions Committee on Trauma e National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians. Resultados: as principais atualizações trazem informações sobre especificidades das manobras de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar; preparação do ambiente, recursos humanos e materiais, reconhecimento da parada cardiorrespiratória e ações iniciais; estratégias de ventilação e acesso invasivo da via aérea; ajustes do ventilador mecânico e manobras de ressuscitação cardiopulmonar em pacientes pronados. Considerações finais: profissionais de saúde envolvidos no atendimento à parada cardiorrespiratória de pacientes suspeitos e/ou confirmados com COVID-19 podem encontrar inúmeros desafios, portanto devem seguir com rigor o protocolo estabelecido para maximizar a efetividade das manobras de ressuscitação e minimizar o risco de contágio pelo vírus e sua disseminação.


Objective: to present updates for cardiopulmonary resuscitation in suspected and confirmed patients with COVID-19. Method: comprehensive literature review with narrative synthesis of the evidence of guidelines and recommendations from World Health Organization, Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira, American Heart Association, Resuscitation Council UK, American College of Surgions Committee on Trauma and National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians. Results: the main updates bring information about the specifics of cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers; preparation of the environment and human and material resources, recognition of cardiorespiratory arrest and initial actions; ventilation and invasive airway access strategies; mechanical ventilator adjustments and cardiopulmonary resuscitation maneuvers in patients in the prone position. Final considerations: health professionals involved in the care of cardiorespiratory arrest of suspected and/or confirmed patients with COVID-19 can face numerous challenges, so they must strictly follow the protocol established to maximize the effectiveness of resuscitation maneuvers and minimize the risk of contagion by the virus and its spread.


Objetivo: apresentar actualizaciones para la reanimación cardiopulmonar en pacientes sospechos os y confirmados con COVID-19. Método: revisión exhaustiva de la literatura con síntesis narrativa de la evidencia de guías y recomendaciones de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira, American Heart Association, Resuscitation Council UK, American College of Surgions Committee on Trauma and National Association of Emergency Medical Technicians. Resultados: las principales actualizaciones aportan información sobre los detalles de las maniobras de reanimación cardiopulmonar; preparación del medio ambiente y recursos humanos y materiales, reconocimiento de paro cardiorrespiratorio y acciones iniciales; estrategias de ventilación y acceso invasivo a las vías aéreas; ajustes del ventilador mecánico y maniobras de reanimación cardiopulmonar en pacientes en decúbito prono. Consideraciones finales: los profesionales de la salud involucrados en la atención del paro cardiorrespiratorio de pacientes sospechosos y/o confirmados con COVID-19 pueden enfrentar numerosos desafíos, por lo que deben seguir estrictamente el protocolo establecido para maximizar la efectividad de las maniobras de reanimación y minimizar el riesgo de contagio por el virus y supropagación.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Betacoronavirus , Parada Cardíaca/etiologia , Respiração Artificial/métodos , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Reanimação Cardiopulmonar/métodos , Contenção de Riscos Biológicos/normas , Parada Cardíaca/reabilitação , Massagem Cardíaca/métodos , Equipe de Enfermagem/normas
2.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 42281, jan.-dez. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | LILACS, BDENF - Enfermagem | ID: biblio-1094844

RESUMO

Objetivo: identificar evidências acerca do uso seguro da hipotermia terapêutica em recém-nascidos. Método: revisão integrativa realizada entre junho e julho de 2018, em fontes eletrônicas da Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde e PubMed, por meio da pergunta:"Que evidências podem subsidiar o cuidado de enfermagem voltado para a redução de sequelas em recém-nascidos submetidos à hipotermia terapêutica?".Foram eleitos nove artigos para análise, sendo oito internacionais e um nacional. Resultados:o resfriamento deve acontecer por 72 horas, com hipotermia leve. As indicações para inclusão no protocolo foram: primeiras seis horas de vida, idade gestacional maior que 35 semanas e acidose na primeira hora de vida.São cuidados essenciais: monitoração hemodinâmica, observação da pele, controle térmico retal, vigilância do Eletroencefalograma de Amplitude Integrada. Conclusão: a terapêutica apresenta benefícios, porém sua aplicação depende de protocolo institucional e treinamento das equipes com foco nas potenciais complicações.


Objective: to identify the evidence on safe use of therapeutic hypothermia in newborns. Method: integrative review of the literature, conducted between June and July of 2018, in electronic sources from the Virtual Health Library and PubMed, through the question: "What evidence can support nursing care aimed at reducing sequelae in newborns undergoing therapeutic hypothermia?". Analysis was conducted for nine selected article, being eight from international literature and one from Brazilian national literature. Results: cooling should occur for 72 hours with mild hypothermia. Indications for inclusion in the protocol were: first six hours of life, gestational age greater than 35 weeks and acidosis in the first hour of life. Essential care includes hemodynamic monitoring, skin observation, rectal thermal control, Integrated Amplitude Electroencephalogram surveillance. Conclusion: the therapy has benefits, but its application depends on institutional protocol and team training focusing on potential complications.


Objetivo: identificar la evidencia sobre el uso seguro de la hipotermia terapéutica en recién nacidos. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura, realizada entre junio y julio de 2018, en fuentes electrónicas de la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud y PubMed, a través de la pregunta: "¿Qué evidencia puede apoyar la atención de enfermería dirigida a reducir las secuelas en los recién nacidos que sufren hipotermia terapéutica?". Se realizaron análisis para nueve artículos seleccionados, ocho de literatura internacional y uno de literatura nacional brasileña. Resultados: el enfriamiento debe ocurrir durante 72 horas con hipotermia leve. Las indicaciones para la inclusión en el protocolo fueron: primeras seis horas de vida, edad gestacional mayor de 35 semanas y acidosis en la primera hora de vida. El cuidado esencial incluye monitoreo hemodinámico, observación de la piel, control térmico rectal, vigilancia integrada de electroencefalograma de amplitud. Conclusión: la terapia tiene beneficios, pero su aplicación depende del protocolo institucional y del entrenamiento del equipo, enfocándose en posibles complicaciones.


Assuntos
Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/terapia , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Hipotermia Induzida/métodos , Hipotermia Induzida/normas , Asfixia Neonatal/complicações , Hipóxia-Isquemia Encefálica/etiologia , Hipotermia Induzida/efeitos adversos , Hipotermia Induzida/enfermagem
4.
Can J Surg ; 63(5): E460-E467, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols use evidence-based perioperative practices that reduce morbidity and length of stay and improve patient satisfaction. ERAS is considered standard of care; however, utilization remains low and substantial practice variation exists. The aim of this study was to pragmatically characterize variation in colorectal surgery practice and identify predictors of ERAS utilization. METHODS: A survey of general surgeons identified using the Ontario College of Physicians and Surgeons database was conducted. Information on basic demographic characteristics, utilization of ERAS and predictors of ERAS implementation was collected. Nine ERAS behaviours were analyzed. Multivariable analysis was used to determine effects of demographic, hospital and surgeon covariates on ERAS utilization. RESULTS: Seven hundred and ninety-seven general surgeons were invited to participate in the survey, and 235 general surgeons representing 84 Ontario hospitals responded (30% response rate). Surgeons practising in academic settings and in large community hospitals represented 30% and 47% of the respondents, respectively. A total of 20% of the respondents used all 9 ERAS behaviours consistently. Rates of diet advancement on postoperative day 0, intravenous fluid restriction and having catheter and line procedures were significantly higher among respondents who adhered to ERAS protocols than among those who did not (74% v. 54%, p = 0.004; 92% v. 80%, p = 0.01; and 91% v. 41%, p < 0.001, respectively). Respondents from academic settings reported practising nearly 1 more ERAS behaviour than those from small community hospitals (odds ratio [OR] 0.86, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.42 to 1.31, p < 0.001). Multivariable analysis demonstrated that colorectal fellowship training or exposure to ERAS during training did not significantly affect ERAS behaviour utilization (OR 0.32, 95% CI -0.31 to 0.94, p = 0.16; OR 0.28, 95% CI -0.26 to 0.82, p = 0.16, respectively). CONCLUSION: Substantial practice variation in colorectal surgery still exists. Individual ERAS principles are commonly followed; however, ERAS behaviours are not widely formalized into hospital protocols.


Assuntos
Colo/cirurgia , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Eletivos/efeitos adversos , Recuperação Pós-Cirúrgica Melhorada/normas , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Padrões de Prática Médica/estatística & dados numéricos , Reto/cirurgia , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/normas , Centros Médicos Acadêmicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Feminino , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/normas , Fidelidade a Diretrizes/estatística & dados numéricos , Hospitais Comunitários/normas , Hospitais Comunitários/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Tempo de Internação/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ontário , Satisfação do Paciente , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Padrões de Prática Médica/normas , Padrão de Cuidado , Cirurgiões/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22274, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety is the most common mental illness among adolescents and children, and its incidence is increasing year by year, which has a serious adverse effect on the academic and growth of adolescents and children. Conventional treatment methods such as oral administration of western medicine and psycho-behavioral therapy have obvious limitations. Chinese patent medicines play an irreplaceable role in the treatment of this disease. At present, there is no comparison of the safety and effectiveness of various Chinese patent medicines curing anxiety in adolescents. So we take advantage of the method of network meta-analysis to systematically compare the efficacy of various Chinese patent medicines curing this disease. METHODS: We will systematically and comprehensively search the following databases, including PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, China BioMedical Literature (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Chinese Scientific Journals Database (VIP), and Wanfang database. We will include all RCT trials that meet the inclusion criteria, starting from the establishment of the database until August 2020. Two researchers will independently screen the literature based on inclusion criteria. While extracting data, we also assess the risk of bias in the included studies. All the data and evidence obtained will be evaluated by the method of Bayesian network meta-analysis. STATA and WinBUGS software will be used. RESULTS: This study will evaluate the effectiveness and safety of various TCPMs for anxiety disorders in children or adolescence. CONCLUSION: The results of this study will provide valuable references for the clinical application of Traditional Chinese patent medicines, and assist clinicians in formulating more reasonable diagnosis and treatment strategies. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: This study does not require ethical approval. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202080048.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/tratamento farmacológico , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Teorema de Bayes , Criança , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Humanos , Metanálise em Rede , Medicamentos sem Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(28): e20921, 2020 Jul 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32664088

RESUMO

Inflammation is an important pathophysiological process after an acute stroke (AS). Pro- and anti-inflammatory molecules (cytokines and interleukins) are the key players during this mechanism. Emerging evidence indicate that these molecules can serve as biomarkers of stroke progression and outcome and as novel therapeutics agents. The aim of this study is to explore the temporal changes in these molecules and validate them as biomarker of AS progression and neurological outcome.The "Cytokine Registry In Stroke Patients (CRISP)" is a prospective cohort study of 600 AS patients presenting to the tertiary hospital with-in 24 h of the onset of symptoms. Plasma cytokines and interleukins will be collected at admission and 24 h after and will be measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) to evaluate the difference in their variation among different gender, race and ethnicity and their association with various neurological outcomes. The primary exposures are biological sex (male, female) and race/ethnicity. Confounding variables include age, vascular risk factors, infarct size, stroke onset to presentation time, and identified stroke etiologies. Matched controls will be used for the comparison and evaluation of the difference among gender and race/ethnicities.CRISP is a prospective observational study that investigates the role and relationship of molecular biomarkers identifying specific and relevant targets pertinent for monitoring the progression and outcome in AS patients.Trial Registration: The study is registered on ClinicalTrial.gov: https://clinicaltrials.gov/ (NCT03297827).


Assuntos
Isquemia Encefálica/metabolismo , Citocinas/sangue , Interleucinas/sangue , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/metabolismo , Doença Aguda , Biomarcadores/sangue , Isquemia Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Progressão da Doença , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Grupos Étnicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Inflamação/metabolismo , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Fatores de Risco , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Tempo
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e20662, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acupotomy has been widely used to relieve cervical vertigo (CV). However, the efficacy of acupotomy for CV is uncertain. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the acupotomy for CV. METHODS: The following electronic databases will be searched to identify relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for inclusion in the review from inception to April 2020: PubMed, the Cochrane Library, Embase, the China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database. Two researchers will independently select studies, collect data, and assess the methodology quality by the Cochrane risk of bias tool. Meta-analysis will be completed by RevMan V.5.3 software. RESULTS: This systematic review will provide an assessment of the current state of acupotomy for CV, aiming to assess the efficacy and safety of acupotomy for Patients with CV. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide a credible Evidence-based for the clinical treatment of CV with acupotomy.PROSPERO registration number: CRD42019134712.


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/métodos , Pescoço/fisiopatologia , Vertigem/terapia , China/epidemiologia , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e20735, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702819

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus is one of the most common chronic diseases, which endangers peoples health and life qualities. Sodium-Glucose Transporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitors have been widely recognized since their clinical application in blood glucose control. While, dyslipidemia caused by SGLT2 inhibitors has been identified that affected the prognosis of this disease. METHODS: We will retrieve 8 databases including English and Chinese. After multiple screening, all randomized controlled trials (RCTs) related to SGLT2 inhibitors will be included by the 2 authors and data will be extracted. After completion of the risk of bias assessment, we will use these effect values including risk ratio (RR), weighted mean difference (WMD) and 95% confidence interval (CI) to conduct data analysis. Chi-Squared test and I test will be used to assess heterogeneity between studies. The robustness of meta-analysis results will be determined by sensitivity analysis. It will be assessed that evidence quality of the outcomes on the GRADE. RESULTS: The results of our research will be published in a peer-reviewed journal. CONCLUSION: The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to evaluate the association and degree of association between different doses of SGLT2 inhibitors and changes on blood lipid levels in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, in order to provide a reliable basis for clinical medication. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202040201.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lipídeos/sangue , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/farmacologia , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Placebos/administração & dosagem , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Inibidores do Transportador 2 de Sódio-Glicose/uso terapêutico
9.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(29): e20773, 2020 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32702821

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of postmenopausal osteoporosis is rapidly rising, with a high proportion of patients who are vulnerable to fractures and other chronic symptoms. The commonly applied Western medicine lacks cost-efficiency and tends to have various potential side effects. Guilu Erxian Glue (GEG), an orally taken traditional Chinese medicinal product, has been advocated to manage osteoporosis for a long period. However, the evidence of the efficacy of GEG on osteoporosis seems to be less convincing and conclusive. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of GEG on postmenopausal osteoporosis. METHODS: We will implement a systematic review and meta-analysis following the requests of the preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses protocols (PRISMA-P). The PubMed database, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang Database, VIP database, Sinomed, and grey literature sources will be retrieved for eligible studies. Randomized controlled trials investigating GEG in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis employing osteoporosis-associated outcomes measures will be eligible for inclusion. Two reviewers will independently complete the study selection procedure, data extraction, and risk of bias assessment. A third reviewer will mediate when irreconcilable discrepancies occur. Should sufficient clinical homogeneity exist, a meta-analysis will be conducted. Additionally, we will utilize the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation to assess the strength of quantitative outcomes. RESULTS: The current systematic review and meta-analysis will provide the effectiveness and safety of GEG on postmenopausal osteoporosis. CONCLUSION: The study will offer high-quality and explicit evidence for applying GEG on the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. OSF REGISTRATION: DOI 10.17605/OSF.IO/JCVBH.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Fraturas Ósseas/prevenção & controle , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/terapia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Fraturas Ósseas/etiologia , Humanos , Medicina Tradicional Chinesa/métodos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/complicações , Prevalência , Estudos Prospectivos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Segurança , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Surg Infect (Larchmt) ; 21(8): 671-676, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32628871

RESUMO

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has become an increasingly challenging problem throughout the world. Because of the numerous potential modes of transmission, surgeons and all procedural staff represent a unique population that requires standardized procedures to protect themselves and their patients. Although several protocols have been implemented during other infectious disease outbreaks, such as Ebola virus, no standardized protocol has been published in regard to the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A multidisciplinary team of two surgeons, an anesthesiologist, and an infection preventionist was assembled to create a process with sterile attire adapted from the National Emerging Special Pathogen Training and Education Center (NETEC) donning and doffing process. After editing, a donning procedure and doffing procedure was created and made into checklists. The procedures were simulated in an empty operating room (OR) with simulation of all personnel roles. A "dofficer" role was established to ensure real-time adherence to the procedures. Results: The donning and doffing procedures were printed as one-page documents for easy posting in ORs and procedural areas. Pictures from the simulation were also obtained and made into flow chart-style diagrams that were also posted in the ORs. Conclusions: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a quickly evolving pandemic that has spread all over the globe. With the rapid increase of infections and the increasing number of severely ill individuals, healthcare providers need easy-to-follow guidelines to keep themselves and patients as safe as possible. The processes for donning and doffing personal protective equipment (PPE) presented here provide an added measure of safety to surgeons and support staff to provide quality surgical care to positive and suspected COVID-19-positive patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Salas Cirúrgicas/organização & administração , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/cirurgia , Humanos , Controle de Infecções/normas , Salas Cirúrgicas/normas , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente , Pneumonia Viral/cirurgia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde
12.
Hastings Cent Rep ; 50(3): 50-53, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32596885

RESUMO

When confronted by the novel ethical challenges posed by a pandemic, it is helpful to turn to history for guidance and direction. In this essay, the author revisits Thucydides's description of the Plague of Athens from The Peloponnesian War as he considers the New York State Task Force on Life and the Law's 2015 guidelines on ventilator allocation. Confronted by the exigencies of the Covid-19 surge that struck New York, he questions the task force's decision not to give any degree of preference to health care workers who might become ill. He posits that they are due a compensatory ethic and some deference given the risks they have assumed, often with inadequate protective gear. Reflecting on his ambivalence, he asks if his change of heart reflects the impact of experiential learning or the erosion of nomos-or governing norms-described by Thucydides when the plague struck Athens.


Assuntos
Temas Bioéticos , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pessoal de Saúde , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/provisão & distribução , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Betacoronavirus , Grécia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cidade de Nova Iorque/epidemiologia , Pandemias , Peste/epidemiologia
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(21): e20225, 2020 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32481294

RESUMO

We examined the process of obtaining informed consent (IC) for clinical research purposes in long-term care facilities (LTCFs) in Rhode Island (RI), USA. We assessed factors that were associated with resident ability to consent, such as Brief Interview for Mental Status scores. We used a self-administered questionnaire to further understand the effect of LTCF staff evaluation of ability to consent on residents' autonomy and control over their medical decision making.Observational clinical studyLong-term care setting.LTCF personnel provided us with residents' names, as well as their professional assessment of resident ability to consent. We used Brief Interview for Mental Status (BIMS) scores to assess the cognitive capacity of all residents to assess, and compare it to the assessment provided by LTCF personnel. A logistic regression analysis was performed to determine the relationship between LTCF assessment of resident ability to consent and BIMS score or confirmed diagnosis of dementia as seen from residents' medical charts. A self-administered questionnaire was filled out by the personnel of 10 LTCFs across RI, USA.LTCF personnel in 9 out of 10 recruited facilities reported that their assessment of resident ability to consent was based on subjective assessment of the resident as alert and oriented. There was a statistically significant relationship between the LTCF assessment of resident ability to consent and previously diagnosed dementia (OR: 0.211, 95% CI 0.107-0.415). Therefore, as BIMS scores increased, the likelihood that the resident would be deemed able to consent by LTCF personnel also increased. Furthermore, there was a statistically significant relationship between LTCF assessment of resident ability to consent and BIMS scores (OR: 1.430, 95% CI 1.274-1.605).There is no standard on obtaining IC for research studies conducted in LTCFs. We recommend that standardizing the process of obtaining IC in LTCFs can enhance the ability to perform research with LTCF residents.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Demência/diagnóstico , Consentimento Livre e Esclarecido/normas , Assistência de Longa Duração/ética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Tomada de Decisão Clínica/métodos , Demência/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Assistência de Longa Duração/psicologia , Assistência de Longa Duração/estatística & dados numéricos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência/normas , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rhode Island/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Psychother Psychosom ; 89(5): 314-319, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32554959

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a critical procedure in psychiatric treatment, but as typically delivered involves the use of bag-mask ventilation (BMV), which during the COVID-19 pandemic exposes patients and treatment staff to potentially infectious aerosols. OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the utility of a modified anesthesia protocol for ECT utilizing preoxygenation by facemask and withholding the use of BMV for only those patients who desaturate during the apneic period. METHODS: This chart review study analyzes patients who were treated with ECT using both the traditional and modified anesthesia protocols. RESULTS: A total of 106 patients were analyzed, of whom 51 (48.1%) required BMV using the new protocol. Of clinical factors, only patient BMI was significantly associated with the requirement for BMV. Mean seizure duration reduced from 52.0 ± 22.4 to 46.6 ± 17.1 s, but seizure duration was adequate in all cases. No acute physical, respiratory, or psychiatric complications occurred during treatment. CONCLUSIONS: A modified anesthesia protocol reduces the use of BMV by more than 50%, while retaining adequate seizure duration.


Assuntos
Aerossóis , Anestesia/normas , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Eletroconvulsoterapia/normas , Oxigenoterapia/normas , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Avaliação de Processos em Cuidados de Saúde , Respiração Artificial/normas , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos
15.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0234874, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32574200

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is estimated that millions of patients are affected by healthcare associated infections (HAIs) each year. In Ghana, high prevalence of HAIs in relation to non-surgical (also called contaminated wounds) and surgical wounds (also called sterile wounds) is largely attributed to poor adherence to policy protocols for wound management by frontline clinical staff especially nurses. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the extent to which nursing staff adhere to the policy protocol for management of non-surgical and surgical wounds in selected public health facilities in Ghana. METHODOLOGY: This is an analytic case study among nursing staff (n = 140) in three government facilities in the Volta region of Ghana. Subjective and objective performance scores of staff on adherence proxies were compared using the Wilcoxon Signed-rank test, and univariate ordered logistic regression analysis used to predict staff likelihood of adherence to policy protocols on non-surgical and surgical wound management. FINDINGS: Overall, staff self-rated themselves higher on subjective performance proxies relative to their objective scores (p<0.05). Staff with more years of work experience did not translate into a higher likelihood of adhering to standard protocol on wound management (Coef. = -0.49, CI = -0.93-0.05, p = 0.036). Being a senior nursing officer relative to lower nursing ranks increased staff likelihood of complying particularly with standard policy protocol for management of non-surgical wounds (Coef. 5.27, CI = 0.59 9.95, p = 0.027). CONCLUSION: There is the need for accelerated in-service training for staff on standard protocols for wound management coupled with supportive supervisions. Staff adherence to standard quality care protocols should be a pre-requisite for licensing of health facilities by regulatory bodies like Health Facilities Regulatory Agency and National Health Insurance Authority.


Assuntos
Infecção Hospitalar/terapia , Implementação de Plano de Saúde , Hospitais Públicos/organização & administração , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/organização & administração , Ferimentos e Lesões/terapia , Adulto , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Infecção Hospitalar/epidemiologia , Feminino , Gana/epidemiologia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Programas Nacionais de Saúde/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/normas , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Ferimentos e Lesões/epidemiologia , Adulto Jovem
19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-381788

RESUMO

The Coronavirus Disease (Covid-19) pandemic is rapidly spreading across the world, representing an unparalleled challenge for health care systems. There are differences in the estimated fatality rates, which cannot be explained easily. In Italy, the estimated case fatality rate was 12.7% in mid-April, while Germany remained at 1.8%. Moreover, it is to be noted that different areas of Italy have very different lethality rates. Due to the complexity of Covid-19 patient management, it is of paramount importance to develop a well-defined clinical workflow in order to avoid the inconsistent management of patients. The Integrated Care Pathway (ICP) represents a multidisciplinary outline of anticipated care to support patient management in the Sant'Andrea Hospital, Rome. The main objective of this pilot study was to develop a new ICP evaluated by care indicators, in order to improve the COVID-19 patient management. The suggested ICP was developed by a multi-professional team composed of different specialists and administrators already involved in clinical and management processes. After a review of current internal practices and published evidences, we identified (1) the activities performed during care delivery, (2) the responsibilities for these activities, (3) hospital structural adaptation needs and potential improvements, and (4) ICP indicators. The process map formed the basis of the final ICP document; 160 COVID-19 inpatients were considered, and the effect of the ICP implementation was evaluated over time during the exponential phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. In conclusion, a rapid adoption of ICP and regular audits of quality indicators for the management of COVID-19 patients might be important tools to improve the quality of care and outcomes.


Assuntos
Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Administração Hospitalar , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/organização & administração , Projetos Piloto , Qualidade da Assistência à Saúde/organização & administração , Fluxo de Trabalho
20.
J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr ; 70(6): 751-754, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-326162

RESUMO

SARS-CoV-2, the novel coronavirus causing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), is now a global pandemic. Human-to-human transmission has been documented to occur through respiratory secretions, feces, aerosols, and contaminated environmental surfaces. Pediatric patients present a unique challenge as they may have minimal symptoms and yet transmit disease. Endoscopists face risk for infection with viruses like SARS-CoV-2, as the aerosol generating nature of endoscopy diffuses respiratory disease that can be spread via an airborne and droplet route. We describe our center's methodology for pediatric patient risk stratification to facilitate responsible use of endoscopic resources during this crisis. We also describe our recommendations for use of personal protective equipment by endoscopists, with the goal of ensuring the safety of ourselves, our anesthesiology and endoscopy staff, and our patients.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/métodos , Transmissão de Doença Infecciosa do Paciente para o Profissional/prevenção & controle , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Equipamento de Proteção Individual/normas , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Criança , Protocolos Clínicos/normas , Infecções por Coronavirus/transmissão , Endoscopia Gastrointestinal/normas , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/transmissão , Medição de Risco
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