Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 4.080
Filtrar
1.
Hist Psychiatry ; 31(3): 294-310, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32447989

RESUMO

This article explores the antagonism between Sigmund Freud and the German neurologist and sexologist Albert Moll. When Moll, in 1908, published a book about the sexuality of children, Freud, without any grounds, accused him of plagiarism. In fact, Moll had reason to suspect Freud of plagiarism since there are many parallels between Freud's Drei Abhandlungen zur Sexualtheorie and Moll's Untersuchungen über die Libido sexualis. Freud had read this book carefully, but hardly paid tribute to Moll's innovative thinking about sexuality. A comparison between the two works casts doubt on Freud's claim that his work was a revolutionary breakthrough. Freud's course of action raises questions about his integrity. The article also critically addresses earlier evaluations of the clash.


Assuntos
Dissidências e Disputas/história , Relações Interprofissionais , Plágio , Psicanálise/história , Sexologia/história , Áustria , Alemanha , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Humanos
3.
Arq. bras. psicol. (Rio J. 2003) ; 72(1): 40-54, jan.-abr. 2020.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1114671

RESUMO

Discute a respeito das ressonâncias do debate entre Butler e os psicanalistas sobre a diferença sexual, levando em consideração a perspectiva de Rancière sobre o "desentendimento". A proposta é empreender uma história do presente, no sentido de destacar o contexto de problematizações sobre a identidade sexual, em que a verdade referente ao sujeito é formulada. Como resultado desta investigação teórica, ressalta-se que Butler evoca descontinuidades históricas que provocam impasses nas abordagens da Psicanálise sobre o Mundo. Do lado desta ciência, breve revisão de literatura demonstrou a importância da referência ao último Lacan. Ao submeter os resultados à perspectiva de Rancière, situa-se a Psicanálise num espaço maior de preocupação com o sujeito e com o lugar que lhe é designado entre a ciência e o Mundo. Já Butler, por meio de sua inquietude com a legitimação da experiência, investe em expandir as barreiras inteligíveis do sujeito universal.


This article discusses the resonances of the debate between Butler and the psychoanalysts about sexual difference, taking Rancière's perspective on "disagreement" into account. The proposal is to undertake a history of the present, in order to highlight the context of problematizations about sexual identity, in which the truth regarding the subject is formulated. As a result of this theoretical investigation, it is emphasized that Butler evokes historical discontinuities that cause impasses in the approaches of Psychoanalysis on the World. On the side of this science, a brief literature review demonstrated the importance of the reference to the last Lacan. By subjecting the results to Rancière's perspective, Psychoanalysis is situated in a larger space of concern about the subject and the place assigned to him between science and the World. Still, Butler, through her uneasiness with the legitimation of experience, invests in expanding the intelligible barriers of the universal subject.


Discute a respecto de las resonancias del debate entre Butler y los psicoanalistas sobre la diferencia sexual, teniendo en cuenta la perspectiva de Rancière sobre el "desentendimiento". La propuesta es emprender una historia del presente, para resaltar el contexto de problematización sobre la identidad sexual, en el que se formula la verdad sobre el tema. Como resultado de esta investigación teórica, se enfatiza que Butler evoca discontinuidades históricas que causan puntos muertos en los enfoques de Psicoanálisis en el Mundo. Del lado de esta ciencia, una breve revisión de la literatura demostró la importancia de la referencia al último Lacan. Al presentar los resultados a la perspectiva de Rancière, el Psicoanálisis se coloca en un espacio más amplio de preocupación con el tema y con su lugar asignado entre la ciencia y el Mundo. Butler, a través de su preocupación por la legitimación de la experiencia, invierte en expandir las barreras inteligibles del sujeto universal.


Assuntos
Psicanálise/história , Ciência/história , Identidade de Gênero
5.
Hist Psychiatry ; 31(2): 147-162, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31969019

RESUMO

During the winter of 1930, Princess Alice of Battenberg was admitted to Kurhaus Schloß Tegel, where she was diagnosed with schizophrenic paranoia. When Freud was consulted about her case by Ernst Simmel, the Sanatorium's Director, he recommended that the patient's ovaries be exposed to high-intensity X-rays. Freud's suggestion was not based on any psychoanalytic treatment principles, but rooted in a rejuvenation technique to which Freud himself had subscribed. In recommending that psychotic patients should be treated with physical interventions, Freud confirmed his conviction that the clinical applicability of psychoanalysis should not be extrapolated beyond the neuroses, yet he also asserted that a proper consideration of endocrinological factors in the aetiology and treatment of the psychoses should never be excluded.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Ovário , Radioterapia/história , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/história , Feminino , Alemanha , História do Século XX , Humanos , Ovário/efeitos da radiação , Psicanálise/história , Esquizofrenia Paranoide/terapia
6.
Hist Psychiatry ; 31(1): 83-92, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31659917

RESUMO

During World War I, Martin Pappenheim, as a young doctor in the field of neurology and psychiatry, studied various possible consequences of war traumas, perhaps as part of a wider project of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy's army. He visited military hospitals, sanatoriums and prisons, and between February and June 1916, while residing in Terezin, he had several opportunities to talk with Gavrilo Princip, who was imprisoned there. Princip was a young Bosnian Serb who had assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and his wife, Sophie, in Sarajevo on 28 June 1914. There is written evidence of Pappenheim's conversations with Princip; they were first published in Vienna 1926. My article is concerned with the possibility of Pappenheim's influence on the later development of Freud's theory.


Assuntos
Pessoas Famosas , Homicídio/história , Relações Interprofissionais , Psicanálise/história , Áustria , História do Século XX , Humanos , Teoria Psicológica
7.
Sci Context ; 32(3): 327-351, 2019 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31829295

RESUMO

The article retraces the shifting conceptualizations of psychological trauma in experimental psychopathological research in the middle decades of the twentieth century in the United States. Among researchers studying so-called experimental neuroses in animal laboratories, trauma was an often-invoked category used to denote the clash of conflicting forces believed to lead to neurotic suffering. Experimental psychologists, however, soon grew skeptical of the traumatogenic model and ultimately came to reject neurosis as a disease entity. Both theoretical differences and practical circumstances, such as the technical challenge of stabilizing neurotic symptoms in rats, led to this demise. Yet, despite their reservations, experimental psychologists continued to employ traumatic stimuli to produce psychopathological syndromes. In the 1960s, a new understanding of trauma evolved, which emphasized the loss of control experienced by traumatized animal subjects. These shifting ideas about trauma, I argue, reflect both varying experimental cultures, epistemic norms as well as changing societal concerns.


Assuntos
Transtornos Neuróticos/história , Psicanálise/história , Trauma Psicológico/história , Animais , História do Século XX , Humanos , Ratos , Estados Unidos
8.
Asclepio ; 71(2): 0-0, jul.-dic. 2019.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-191068

RESUMO

El presente artículo identifica y propone cinco claves a tener en cuenta para analizar la recepción y desarrollo del psicoanálisis en la España del segundo franquismo y la Transición: 1) la ausencia -o muy escasa presencia- de referencias psicoanalíticas en la producción psiquiátrica de los años cincuenta y sesenta; 2) las conexiones entre psicoanálisis, antipsiquiatría y estructuralismo; 3) la importancia de la llegada a España de Oscar Masotta, y su psicoanálisis "laico", en la consolidación de un discurso y una práctica psicoanalítica al margen de la IPA; 4) el peso de los psicoanalistas argentinos llegados al estado español tras el golpe de estado en su país; y 5) la importancia de la Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría en difusión y trasmisión del psicoanálisis. Estas cinco claves agrupan situaciones y procesos que han sido estudiados con desigual profundidad, pero cuya consideración en conjunto parece imprescindible para obtener una visión global del proceso. Se concluye que las relaciones psiquiatría-psicoanálisis, la circulación del conocimiento, el contexto socio-político y cultural, etc., explican, entre otras cosas, las características de la recepción y desarrollo de un psicoanálisis post-freudiano en el que la orientación lacaniana tuvo preponderancia sobre otros enfoques o escuelas


This article identifies and proposes five key elements to be taken into account in analysing the reception and development of psychoanalysis in Spain under the later Franco regime and during the Transition: 1) the absence - or very limited presence - of psychoanalytic points of reference in psychiatric production during the 1950s and 1960s; 2) the connections between psychoanalysis, anti-psychiatry and structuralism; 3) the importance of the arrival in Spain of Oscar Masotta, and his 'lay' psychoanalysis, in consolidating a psychoanalytic discourse and practice outside the IPA; 4) the influence of Argentinian psychoanalysts who came to Spain following the coup d'état in their country; and 5) the importance of the Revista de la Asociación Española de Neuropsiquiatría in disseminating and communicating psychoanalysis. These five keys group together situations and processes which have been studied to varying extents, but which it seems essential to consider as a whole in order to obtain an overall view of the process. We conclude that relations between psychiatry and psychoanalysis, the circulation of knowledge, and the socio-political and cultural context, etc. explain, among other things, the characteristics of the reception and development of a post-Freudian psychoanalysis in which the Lacanian position predominated over other approaches and schools


Assuntos
Humanos , Psicanálise/história , Teoria Psicanalítica , Terapia Psicanalítica/educação , Manobras Políticas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Teoria Freudiana/história , Espanha , Argentina
9.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(4): 517-539, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31685930

RESUMO

Ferenczi's deviations from Freudian thinking have caused enormous controversy. This paper re-examines Ferenczi's theoretical and technical innovations through the lens of Orpha-one of his most characteristic and valuable contributions, the culmination point of his thought, and the leitmotif of his work. So far research on Ferenczi's Orpha concept has been relatively sparse and there is still much obscurity about this term that he adopted from or co-created with his "evil genius" Elizabeth Severn. The following paper will attempt to shed more light on the origin, evolution, functions, and the philosophical foundations of the Orpha concept. Along with the theoretical, therapeutic and philosophical aspects, this point of view will enable a better understanding of the poetic value and the lyricism of Ferenczi's work. Orphic harmony-the fusion of Dionysian ecstasy and Apollonian clarity into the "principal instinct of tranquility" proclaimed by Ferenczi in 1930 and into the "primordial chant of cosmic unity" (Herder), emerges as the essence of the Ferenczian work and worldview.


Assuntos
Psicanálise/história , Teoria Psicanalítica , História do Século XX , Humanos
10.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(4): 484-493, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636400

RESUMO

Psychoanalysis is a narrative activity of a very special kind. One could even say that the method of free association is a subversive activity since its purpose is to cut through layers of previous conditioning in the effort to open new spaces in the psyche. The hypercathexis of neurotic functioning can only be transformed if new, unknown dynamics are able to emerge, and can then be invested by the subject. This process necessitates economic change-investing novel psychic functioning. Aided by personal analytic experience, the psychoanalyst's role is to help initiate and support this subversive activity in the patient by initiating him/her into the method of free association. Difficulties arise when neither the patient, nor the analyst are comfortable with the symbolic and metaphorical dynamics of free association. Reacting to Freud's lack of interest in an emotional analytic process with the patient, Ferenczi considered the analytical space as a mutual frame, to be transformed in and by the intimate psychoanalytical process. The author explores Ferenczi's Clinical Diary as the construction of an intimate space through narration, attempting to discover Ferenczi's techniques in this subversive activity.


Assuntos
Psicanálise/história , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Processos Psicoterapêuticos , Aliança Terapêutica , História do Século XX , Humanos , Narração , Transferência Psicológica
11.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(4): 453-467, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636401

RESUMO

The article intends to show how Ferenczi is a genuine precursor for many of the themes which lie at the center of the current psychoanalytic debate and, for this reason, how he is the classical and the contemporary psychoanalyst par excellence, especially by the way he has progressively understood and learnt to operate with the patients focusing on working-through the mutual feelings engendered by the therapeutic process.


Assuntos
Psicanálise/história , Teoria Psicanalítica , Contratransferência , História do Século XX , Humanos , Transferência Psicológica
12.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(4): 468-483, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31636402

RESUMO

This paper, in its first part, offers historical and clinical research that aims to establish, in a new frame, forms of organizing psychoanalytic theories on psychopathology and its accompanying healing strategies. This new frame is based in two matrices ("Freudo-Kleinian" and "Ferenczian") and it organizes the wide knowledge established by different authors of the psychoanalytic field. Therefore, it recognizes the innovative proposals of the last three decades as transmatricial ones, in which the Freudo-Kleinian lineage and Ferenczian lineage are recognized as supplementary dimensions. In the second part, the paper describes some possible origins of one of the most relevant transmatricial thoughts in contemporary psychoanalysis, namely, Thomas Ogden's work. To the question of what would be the path that leads back from Ogden's conception of "dreaming the analytic session" to Ferenczi's final clinical intersubjective proposals, the hypothesis offered is that it passes, retroactively, through the works of Robert Langs, Harold Searles, Willy and Madeleine Baranger and Wilfred Bion.


Assuntos
Psicanálise/história , Teoria Psicanalítica , História do Século XX , Humanos , Terapia Psicanalítica
13.
Med Hist ; 63(4): 411-434, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31571694

RESUMO

A tropology of moral injury and corruption long framed the plight of the sex crime victim. Nineteenth-century psychiatric acknowledgment of adverse sexual experience reflected general trends in etiological thought, especially on 'epileptic' and hysteric seizures, but on the whole remained descriptive, guarded and limited. Various experiential threats to the modern sexual self beyond assault and rape were granted etiological significance, however: illegitimate motherhood, masturbatory guilt, sexual enlightenment, 'homosexual seduction' and chance encounters leading to fetishistic fixation. These minor early appeals to medical psychology help us appreciate the multiple nuances of 'sexual trauma' advanced in Breuer and Freud's Studies on Hysteria (1895) and Freud's subsequent work.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/história , Psiquiatria/história , Estupro/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais/história , Adulto , Criança , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Feminino , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Parafílicos/história , Transtornos Parafílicos/psicologia , Psicanálise/história , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia
14.
Hist Psychiatry ; 30(4): 393-408, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31303052

RESUMO

This article profiles the scientific lives of six women physicians on the staff of the Clinic of Neurology and Psychiatry at the University of Vienna in 1927, the year when its Director, Julius Wagner-Jauregg, was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine. They were all of Jewish descent and had to leave Austria in the 1930s to escape from the National Socialist regime. With a solid background in brain science and mental disorders, Alexandra Adler, Edith Klemperer, Annie Reich, Lydia Sicher and Edith Vincze pursued academic careers in the USA, while Fanny Halpern spent 18 years in Shanghai, where she laid the foundations of modern Chinese psychiatry, before going to Canada. At the dawn of their medical careers, they were among the first women to practise neurology and psychiatry, both in Austria and overseas.


Assuntos
Médicas/história , Psiquiatria/história , Áustria , China , Feminino , História do Século XX , Humanos , Judeus/história , Prêmio Nobel , Psicanálise/história , Estados Unidos , Universidades/história
15.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(3): 304-328, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31285511

RESUMO

The concept of parallel process has played a central role in psychoanalytic supervision for the last 60 years, generating continuing interest in the power of the unconscious to create unexpected intersections between the analytic and supervisory relationships. I track the evolution of the concept, starting with its invention by an interpersonalist psychoanalyst, adoption by two ego psychologists, enrichment by object relations theory, and, finally, redefinition as a multi-directional dynamic by relational psychoanalysts. I then further elaborate the relational view of parallel process, illustrating its complex, multidirectional nature with an extended vignette. I discuss the relationship of enactment to parallel process and illustrate the usefulness of supervisory consultation when enactments that parallel into the supervisory relationship lead to impasse. Finally, I point to educational and neuropsychological research that suggests that working with parallel process is good pedagogy.


Assuntos
Capacitação em Serviço , Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Capacitação em Serviço/métodos , Psicanálise/história , Terapia Psicanalítica/educação , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
16.
Am J Psychoanal ; 79(3): 329-351, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31289339

RESUMO

In this paper I ask what an investigation of the Budapest model of supervision may add to our psychoanalytic imagination. The Budapest model confronts us with a number of crucial questions for contemporary psychoanalysis, including the question of envisioning ways of working on the countertransference of the analyst. I discuss the lack of memory that surrounds the Budapest model, and I read it in relation to the unsettling issues it stirs up, including those of authority, horizontality, and the ethics of psychoanalysis. In the Budapest model, supervision can be seen as a form of "double dreaming" or of "dreaming up of a dream". In particular, in drawing on the writings of Sándor Ferenczi and Michael Balint, I point to some principles behind the Budapest model and to the epistemic, technical, and ethical implications of their ideas. I also work toward a Ferenczian "translation" of the idea of "parallel process".


Assuntos
Contratransferência , Capacitação em Serviço , Psicanálise , Terapia Psicanalítica , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos , Hungria , Capacitação em Serviço/métodos , Psicanálise/história , Terapia Psicanalítica/educação , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos
17.
Saúde Soc ; 28(2): 272-285, abr.-jun. 2019. graf
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014572

RESUMO

Resumo Qualquer estudioso da história do campo psi reconhece a dimensão das tensões existentes entre psicanálise e psiquiatria. Ao mesmo tempo, a perspectiva histórica nos mostra interligações e influências mútuas nos planos teóricos, práticos, institucionais e políticos entre essas disciplinas. No caso paulista, Antônio Carlos Pacheco e Silva (1898-1988) influenciou gerações de psiquiatras formadas nas escolas de psiquiatria que chefiou entre 1923-1968. Sua história tem sido estudada sob diferentes perspectivas, havendo uma lacuna sobre sua posição com relação à psicanálise. Este artigo procura rever essa lacuna histórica, baseando-se na análise dos documentos do próprio psiquiatra sobre a psicanálise, que demonstram objetivamente sua posição. Pretendemos, com isso, contribuir para a compreensão da história do campo psi em São Paulo.


Abstract Any Psychology scholar would recognize the extent of existing tensions between Psychoanalysis and Psychiatry. At the same time, the historical perspective shows us interconnections and mutual influences in the theoretical, practical, institutional and political planes between these disciplines. In the case of São Paulo, Antônio Carlos Pacheco e Silva (1898-1988) influenced generations of psychiatrists graduated in Psychiatry schools that he directed between 1923-1968. His history has been studied from different perspectives, with a gap on his stance with regard to Psychoanalysis. This article aims to review this historical gap, being based on the analysis of the psychiatrist's own papers about Psychoanalysis. We seek to contribute to the understanding of the history of the Psychology field in São Paulo.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Psiquiatria/história , Psicanálise/história
18.
J Anal Psychol ; 64(3): 320-348, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31070251

RESUMO

Racism is defined as a psychopathology and the ground in which the covenant of whiteness is rooted and mirrored in the system of apartheid structured by American Constitutional Jurisprudence between 1857 and 1954. This historical period overshadowed Carl Jung's visit to America between 1909 and 1937. The spirit of the times and practices of racism coloured Jung's views, attitudes, and theories about African Americans, just as colonialism coloured his attitudes toward Africa and Africans. Consequently Jung failed to see the African Diaspora and the extraordinary intellectual and artistic period of the Harlem Renaissance (1919-1929). Its introduction here foregrounds the exceptionalism of African Americans and the cultural continuity of African ancestry. This exceptionalism was not seen by Jung and there have been no attempts to redress its omission from analytical psychology and other sub-disciplines of Western psychology. Jung's theories of personality and psychoanalysis and his negative projections about primitivism among Africans and African American 'Negroes' would have been mediated by knowledge of a legislated American apartheid and the Harlem Renaissance which occurred within the barriers of apartheid. In this paper I posit that culture, kinship libido, and the African principle of Ubuntu are healing modalities that play a critical role in instinct and the relational ground of human psychology and biology, from which culture as an environmental expression constellates around common goals of the human species. Cultural equivalencies and expressions within the wisdom traditions and mythologies of the Africa Diaspora are considered. Specifically, the Bantu principle of Ubuntu or 'humanity' is identified as the relational ground in African cultures, while the Kemetic-Egyptian deity Maat, as an archetypal anima figure and the religio-mythology offer a transcendent position from which to critique the inequities and constitutional jurisprudence that structured American apartheid. Maat is the personification of truth, justice, balance and weighing of the heart in orderly judicial processes. In her we find the alignment of the spirit and matter in the law and judgement. The paper concludes with reflections on pathways toward healing the psychopathology of racism and recommendations to enhance clinical training and practice.


Assuntos
Afro-Americanos , Teoria Junguiana , Jurisprudência/história , Psicanálise/história , Racismo/história , África , Afro-Americanos/etnologia , Afro-Americanos/história , Afro-Americanos/legislação & jurisprudência , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX , Migração Humana , Humanos
19.
Psychodyn Psychiatry ; 47(1): 81-97, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30840557

RESUMO

In Freud's day, his case studies, coupled with the findings of others (e.g., Breuer, Charcot), provided evidence that the Oedipus complex and his dynamic theory of repression (i.e., the unconscious interactions between id, ego, and superego) as causal agents in neurotic symptoms was suspect. With the aid of over 75 years of research since Freud's death, today's psychodynamic-orientated clinicians have discarded many of Freud's tenets related to the Oedipus complex. Modern psychoanalysts have focused their attention instead on a patient's personal relationships in their early life, their current life, and in their interactions with their therapist (transference).


Assuntos
Teoria Freudiana , Relações Interpessoais , Complexo de Édipo , Psicanálise/história , Terapia Psicanalítica/métodos , Transferência Psicológica , História do Século XX , História do Século XXI , Humanos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA