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1.
Estud. pesqui. psicol. (Impr.) ; 18(4): 1195-1214, out.-dez. 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-994984

RESUMO

O período de 1870 a 1920 é conhecido como aquele no qual diversos teóricos da psicologia estadunidense estabelecem as diretrizes teóricas e políticas da independência da disciplina frente às demais ciências e às reflexões filosóficas. A psicologia comparada proposta por Robert Mearns Yerkes é uma das mais importantes do final do século XIX e das duas primeiras décadas do século seguinte. As obras do autor referentes à evolução do sistema nervoso central e periférico e suas relações com a inteligência, em conjunto com a psicologia militar e a eugenia, possibilitam, ao menos em parte, a concretização da engenharia humana e de suas futuras aplicações em diversos setores da sociedade estadunidense como instrumento de dominação da classe dominante. Como se trata de uma obra vasta e variadas aplicações na vida cotidiana, pensamos que essa primeira aproximação seja aprofundada em futuras investigações acerca dos movimentos da classe trabalhadora durante o processo de modernização da indústria e da grande reforma social pela qual a sociedade estadunidense à época. Movimentos amplamente desprezados pela historiografia da psicologia estadunidense.(AU)


The period from 1870 to 1920 is known as the one in which several theorists of American psychology establish the theoretical and political guidelines of the discipline's independence from other sciences and philosophical domain. The comparative psychology proposed by Robert Mearns Yerkes is one of the most important of the late nineteenth century and the first two decades of the following century. The author's works on the evolution of the central and peripheral nervous system and its relations with intelligence, taken together with military psychology and eugenics, enable, at least in part, the concretization of human engineering and its future applications in various sectors of the American society as an instrument of domination of the ruling class. As it is a vast work and of varied applications in everyday life, we think that this first approximation will be deepened in future investigations about the movements of the working class during the process of modernization of the industry and of the great social reform by which the American society happened to the time. These movements were widely neglected by the historiography of American psychology.(AU)


El período de 1870 a 1920 es conocido como aquel en el cual diversos teóricos de la psicología estadounidense establecen las directrices teóricas y políticas de la independencia de la disciplina frente a las demás ciencias y reflexiones filosóficas. La psicología comparada propuesta por Robert Mearns Yerkes es una de las más importantes del fin del siglo XIX y de las dos primeras décadas del siglo siguiente. Las obras del autor referentes a la evolución del sistema nervioso central y periférico y sus relaciones con la inteligencia, en conjunto con la psicología militar y la eugenesia, posibilitan, al menos en parte, la concreción de la ingeniería humana y de sus futuras aplicaciones en diversos sectores de la sociedad estadounidense como instrumento de dominación de la clase dominante. Como se trata de una obra vasta y de variadas aplicaciones en la vida cotidiana, esperamos que esa primera aproximación sea profundizada en futuras investigaciones acerca de los movimientos de la clase trabajadora durante el proceso de modernización de la industria y de la gran reforma social por la que la sociedad estadounidense pasaba en esa época. Estos movimientos fueron ampliamente despreciados por la historiografía de la psicología estadounidense.(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia/história , Ergonomia , Psicologia Comparada , Psicologia Militar , Eugenia , Sistema Nervoso
2.
J R Army Med Corps ; 165(2): 80-86, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30886008

RESUMO

This paper considers the manifestation and treatment of psychological trauma in the military. The article describes how military psychologists conceptualise psychological trauma within the culture of the Armed Forces (AF), which is reflected in the process of acquiring what has been referred to as cultural competency. Psychologists in this context acquire an understanding of the manner in which the psychological and organisational systems and culture of the military affect the presentation of psychological trauma, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The paper outlines core psychological features of military life, including some of the ways in which the AF functions effectively as an adaptable fighting force. This highlights, for example, the potential for stigma within and between military personnel who experience mental health difficulties. The article proceeds to examine aspects of help-seeking in military mental healthcare, how symptoms can present at different stages in a deployment process, and the consequences that such problems can cause for military conduct and performance. Psychological care in the military is structured within an occupational mental health ethos, in which psychologists fulfil a range of clinical, organisational and leadership roles. These dynamics are explored with examples of care pathways and clarity on evidence-based interventions for trauma and PTSD in those experiencing military-related psychological injuries. Two vignettes are then offered to illustrate how some of these interventions can be used psychotherapeutically in addressing symptoms pertaining to hyperarousal, hypervigilance, guilt and shame.


Assuntos
Competência Cultural , Medicina Militar , Psiquiatria Militar , Psicologia Militar , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Humanos , Medicina Militar/organização & administração , Medicina Militar/normas , Militares , Psiquiatria Militar/organização & administração , Psiquiatria Militar/normas , Psicologia , Psicologia Militar/organização & administração , Psicologia Militar/normas
3.
J R Army Med Corps ; 165(2): 109-112, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30711923

RESUMO

The Department of Communication and Applied Behavioural Science is one of the three departments in the academic faculty at the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst. The aim of the Department is to equip officer cadets with the skills, knowledge and personal qualities in order for them to develop their own potential, as both individuals and leaders in the British Army. The members of the Department have a range of backgrounds, with most having served in various capacities across UK Defence, both in uniformed and/or civilian crown servant contexts. Several members of the faculty are qualified psychologists, while others have related academic and professional backgrounds. The academic and applied discipline of psychology is the fundamental thread that runs through the various courses and projects delivered by the Department. This paper provides a brief overview of the activities undertaken by the Department, with a specific focus on the psychology components of the academic and applied activities. Although mainly serving in academic teaching roles, this paper illustrates the work of the psychologists outside the classroom, such as via field exercises and deployments overseas. It also touches on the importance of the outreach undertaken by the psychologists in the Department, which supports their ongoing research.


Assuntos
Militares , Psicologia Militar , Humanos , Psicologia , Psicologia Militar/educação , Psicologia Militar/organização & administração , Reino Unido
4.
J R Army Med Corps ; 165(2): 94-97, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30679182

RESUMO

Military personnel can experience psychosexual difficulties for a variety of reasons. Problems can arise because of psychological trauma, physical injury, consequences arising from pharmacological and surgical complications and social or emotional concerns relating to intrapersonal and interpersonal relationship dynamics. Such individuals might seek to minimise or avoid resolving their pertinent difficulties, while others can experience cultural, personal or organisational barriers to accessing professional help. This paper offers an overview of the development of a national specialist psychosexual therapy service (PST), commenting specifically on the service delivery for male military personnel. It will also consider factors which may support progress in treatment and reflect upon the importance of considering psychosexual functioning in relationships as part of the broader service-life context, which is especially relevant to military personnel.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , Psicologia Militar , Disfunções Sexuais Psicogênicas/terapia , Genitália Masculina/lesões , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Militar/métodos , Medicina Militar/organização & administração , Militares , Trauma Psicológico/terapia , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Psicologia Militar/organização & administração , Reino Unido
5.
J R Army Med Corps ; 165(2): 128-132, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30530791

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: UK Ministry of Defence (MOD) policy and strategy recommend the use of a 'Defence MODified' version of the Health and Safety Executive Management Standards Indicator Tool to help managers identify risks of work-related stress among Defence personnel. The Defence MODified Tool ('Stress Indicator Survey') asks personnel to rate their perceptions of eight working conditions known to be significantly associated with work-related stress. MOD psychologists are developing a Defence norm group against which future survey scores can be compared. This article describes the use of the Stress Indicator Survey in MOD and gives an overview of findings from 2016 to 2018. METHOD: MOD psychologists conducted 27 Stress Indicator Surveys in 2016-2018. Data were collated from 6227 personnel for the Defence norm group and comparisons were conducted between Service personnel and MOD civil servants, and between Services (Royal Navy/Royal Marines (RN/RM), Army and Royal Air Force (RAF)). RESULTS: Service personnel had significantly more favourable perceptions than MOD civil servants of most working conditions. The RN/RM had significantly more favourable perceptions than either the Army or the RAF of all working conditions. These findings indicate differential risks of work-related stress in different groups of personnel. DISCUSSION: Possible explanations for the observed differences in risk of work-related stress are discussed, including the nature of military life and planned changes to Defence civilian headcount. Examples of managerial actions to improve working conditions based on individual survey findings are given.


Assuntos
Militares/psicologia , Militares/estatística & dados numéricos , Estresse Ocupacional , Psicologia Militar , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Reino Unido
6.
J R Army Med Corps ; 165(2): 102-105, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30573699

RESUMO

Mindfulness approaches to promoting resilience and mental fitness within the UK Armed Forces have very recently emerged against a backdrop of studies from abroad, leading to a plethora of initiatives. These studies have used biological and cognitive markers of sustained attention and the human stress response, before and after training, in the period prior to deployment and made assertions of effectiveness on this basis. Progress has similarly been made in applying versions of mindfulness meditation to veteran patient groups with several difficult-to-treat conditions, to combat high dropout from services when little patient choice is offered. In short, a case has been made for offering mindfulness interventions as a further treatment option in combination with other approaches to maximise engagement with mental health services. Meanwhile, within the mindfulness literature more and more focus has been placed on ways to improve treatment fidelity and enhance teacher competency, and investment in teacher training is seen as essential for successful outcomes in any controlled trial.


Assuntos
Promoção da Saúde , Medicina Militar , Militares , Atenção Plena , Psicologia Militar , Humanos , Saúde Mental , Resiliência Psicológica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Reino Unido
7.
J R Army Med Corps ; 165(2): 106-108, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580281

RESUMO

This paper will explain the concept behind mental resilience training (MRT) and how the training package was developed and implemented within the British ArmyInfantry Training Centre (ITC) Catterick between 2014 and 2016. MRT is a mindfulness-based psychological skills training package that integrates cognitive behavioural and mindfulness based principles and techniques, which have been proven to improve stress regulation, emotional and cognitive control and self-confidence in military personnel. MRT is based on an extensive evidence base that has demonstrated that psychological skills training delivers tangible improvements in performance in elite sport and in healthcare, business and military contexts. The initial trials at the ITC Catterick have delivered tangible improvements in infantry recruits' use of psychological skills within real-life training contexts.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Militares , Psicologia Militar , Humanos , Medicina Militar , Atenção Plena , Reino Unido
8.
Med Sci Monit ; 24: 9334-9341, 2018 Dec 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30578629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Worldwide, there is a high attrition rate, or dropout rate, from combat in trained soldiers, mainly due to musculoskeletal injuries. This study aimed to determine whether the use of an upper limb stability test, the Upper Quarter Y-Balance Test (UQYBT), and a modified version of the Ranger Test (MRT) that included a lower limb step-up endurance test, could predict attrition from combat service in female infantry soldiers. MATERIAL AND METHODS In 2015, a group of 167 newly recruited female light infantry soldiers were evaluated using the UQYBT and the MRT. Data regarding attrition from combat service were collected in 2017, 18 months after screening. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to determine the predictive effect of body mass index (BMI), UQYBT, and MRT scores on attrition from combat service. RESULTS Fifty-three female soldiers (31.7%) dropped out of combat service during the 18 months following recruitment. The MRT score was a significant predictor of attrition, with each additional incremental increase in the MRT score reducing the attrition rate by 6.8% (OR=0.934; 95% CI, 0.895-0.975). A cutoff MRT score of 12 increments predicted attrition with 73.7% sensitivity and 50.9% specificity. The UQYBT scores and BMI were not significant predictors. CONCLUSIONS The use of the MRT during military training, was a predictive screening method to predict attrition from combat service in Israeli female infantry soldiers. Further studies are required to evaluate the use of the MRT in other groups of women in the military.


Assuntos
Teste de Esforço/métodos , Previsões/métodos , Militares/psicologia , Adulto , Esgotamento Profissional/etiologia , Esgotamento Profissional/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Israel , Aptidão Física , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
11.
Arch Clin Neuropsychol ; 33(1): 120-124, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28430849

RESUMO

Objective: The study was designed to replicate and extend pervious findings demonstrating the high rates of invalid neuropsychological testing in military service members (SMs) with a history of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) assessed in the context of a medical evaluation board (MEB). Method: Two hundred thirty-one active duty SMs (61 of which were undergoing an MEB) underwent neuropsychological assessment. Performance validity (Word Memory Test) and symptom validity (MMPI-2-RF) test data were compared across those evaluated within disability (MEB) and clinical contexts. Results: As with previous studies, there were significantly more individuals in an MEB context that failed performance (MEB = 57%, non-MEB = 31%) and symptom validity testing (MEB = 57%, non-MEB = 22%) and performance validity testing had a notable affect on cognitive test scores. Performance and symptom validity test failure rates did not vary as a function of the reason for disability evaluation when divided into behavioral versus physical health conditions. Conclusions: These data are consistent with past studies, and extends those studies by including symptom validity testing and investigating the effect of reason for MEB. This and previous studies demonstrate that more than 50% of SMs seen in the context of an MEB will fail performance validity tests and over-report on symptom validity measures. These results emphasize the importance of using both performance and symptom validity testing when evaluating SMs with a history of mTBI, especially if they are being seen for disability evaluations, in order to ensure the accuracy of cognitive and psychological test data.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica/diagnóstico , Militares/psicologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adulto , Concussão Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Concussão Encefálica/psicologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estados Unidos
12.
Arch Clin Neuropsychol ; 33(1): 102-119, 2018 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28444123

RESUMO

Objective: Computerized neurocognitive assessment tools (NCATS) are often used as a screening tool to identify cognitive deficits after mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). However, differing methodology across studies renders it difficult to identify a consensus regarding the validity of NCATs. Thus, studies where multiple NCATs are administered in the same sample using the same methodology are warranted. Method: We investigated the validity of four NCATs: the ANAM4, CNS-VS, CogState, and ImPACT. Two NCATs were randomly assigned and a battery of traditional neuropsychological (NP) tests administered to healthy control active duty service members (n = 272) and to service members within 7 days of an mTBI (n = 231). Analyses included correlations between NCAT and the NP test scores to investigate convergent and discriminant validity, and regression analyses to identify the unique variance in NCAT and NP scores attributed to group status. Effect sizes (Cohen's f2) were calculated to guide interpretation of data. Results: Only 37 (0.6%) of the 5,655 correlations calculated between NCATs and NP tests are large (i.e. r ≥ 0.50). The majority of correlations are small (i.e. 0.30 > r ≥ 0.10), with no clear patterns suggestive of convergent or discriminant validity between the NCATs and NP tests. Though there are statistically significant group differences across most NCAT and NP test scores, the unique variance accounted for by group status is minimal (i.e. semipartial R2 ≤ 0.033, 0.024, 0.062, and 0.011 for ANAM4, CNS-VS, CogState, and ImPACT, respectively), with effect sizes indicating small to no meaningful effect. Conclusion: Though the results are not overly promising for the validity of the four NCATs we investigated, traditional methods of investigating psychometric properties may not be appropriate for computerized tests. We offer several conceptual and methodological considerations for future studies regarding the validity of NCATs.


Assuntos
Concussão Encefálica/psicologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico , Diagnóstico por Computador/métodos , Militares/psicologia , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Adulto , Concussão Encefálica/fisiopatologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Transtornos Cognitivos/etiologia , Transtornos Cognitivos/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
Res Dev Disabil ; 65: 103-113, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28495659

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Despite policies advocating the social inclusion of persons with disabilities in all settings that are a part of everyday life within society, individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are usually excluded from service in the military. AIMS: This study examined the meaning of service in the military for individuals with ID from the perspective of various stakeholder groups. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted with 31 individuals with ID, 36 relatives, and 28 commanders. The recent model for social inclusion developed by Simplican et al. (2015) served as the basis for analyses. OUTCOMES AND RESULTS: Findings suggest a successful social inclusion process for individuals with ID, which resulted in them feeling as an integral part and as contributing members of the military unit and of society at large. Social inclusion in the military was described with reference to two overlapping and interacting domains of interpersonal relationships and community participation. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: The interaction between interpersonal relationships within the military and community participation has led to positive outcomes for soldiers with ID. Recommendations are provided for the continued inclusion of individuals with ID in the military and in other everyday settings.


Assuntos
Pessoas com Deficiência , Deficiência Intelectual , Relações Interpessoais , Militares/psicologia , Adulto , Participação da Comunidade/métodos , Participação da Comunidade/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/psicologia , Pessoas com Deficiência/reabilitação , Feminino , Humanos , Deficiência Intelectual/diagnóstico , Deficiência Intelectual/psicologia , Entrevista Psicológica/métodos , Masculino , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Apoio Social
14.
Aval. psicol ; 16(1): 116-118, 2017.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-878129

RESUMO

Desde a Primeira Guerra Mundial, há um grande investimento na seleção de pilotos militares por parte das Forças Aéreas com o intuito de diminuir os altos custos envolvidos na formação do piloto militar por meio da diminuição do atrito (fracasso) na instrução aérea. Porém, foi na Segunda Guerra Mundial que os testes psicológicos, que mensuravam aptidões psicomotoras e cognitivas, passaram a ser mais efetivos em predizer a aptidão para a pilotagem, contribuindo para a diminuição do atrito encontrado nas instruções aéreas. Um dos poucos testes psicológicos construídos especialmente para a seleção de pilotos é o The Pilot Aptitude Tester (PILAPT), uma bateria de seis testes que avaliam aptidões psicomotoras e cognitivas voltadas para a atividade aérea, adquirido pela Força Aérea Brasileira para ser inserido em sua seleção de pilotos militares.(AU)


Since World War I, the Air Forces has made a major investment in the selection of military pilots with the purpose of reducing the high costs involved in military pilot training by reducing attrition (failure) in flight instruction. But it was in World War II that psychological tests that assess psychomotor and cognitive abilities became more effective in predicting aptitude for piloting, contributing to the reduction of attrition found in flight instructions. One of the few psychological tests designed for selecting pilots is The Pilot Aptitude Tester (PILAPT), a series of six tests that assess cognitive and psychomotor abilities with regard to flight activity, and which was acquired by the Brazilian Air Force to be used in their selection of military pilots.(AU)


Desde la Primera Guerra Mundial hay una gran inversión en la selección de los pilotos militares de la Fuerza Aérea con el fin de reducir los altos costos involucrados en la formación de pilotos militares, reduciendo la deserción (fracaso) en la instrucción de vuelo. Pero fue la Segunda Guerra Mundial que los tests psicológicos que mensuraban habilidades psicomotoras y cognitivas, se hicieron más eficaces en la predicción de la aptitud para pilotar, lo que contribuyen a la reducción de la deserción que se encuentra en las instrucciones de vuelo. Una de las pocas pruebas dirigidas especialmente para la selección de los pilotos es The Pilot Aptitude Tester (PILAPT), una batería de seis pruebas que evalúan las habilidades cognitivas y psicomotoras orientadas hacia la actividad aérea, adquirido por la Fuerza Aérea Brasileña para ser insertado en su selección de pilotos militares.(AU)


Assuntos
Seleção de Pessoal , Pilotos/psicologia , Psicologia Militar
16.
Rural Remote Health ; 16(4): 3678, 2016 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27701890

RESUMO

CONTEXT: This article explores the relevance of the body of military psychology knowledge to the management and support of those living and working in rural/remote industries and locations, particularly within Australia. ISSUES: For those who live and work in rural/remote settings, there are social, occupational, health and environmental challenges. Some of these are shared with families and individuals who are associated with military life. The published literature on the shared attributes between military and rural/remote work environments rarely makes a direct link. However, looking at both areas suggests opportunities for the application of psychological knowledge in the well-developed field of military psychology to the rural/remote setting. This article focuses on application of psychological knowledge in the areas of occupational performance, fatigue, mental health, family care and in the training of psychologists to work in rural/remote areas. LESSONS LEARNED: The cross-pollination of knowledge between those working with military personnel and family and those working in rural/remote settings should allow practitioners greater opportunities to improve health and wellbeing outcomes in these communities.


Assuntos
Serviços Comunitários de Saúde Mental/organização & administração , Doenças Profissionais/prevenção & controle , Psicologia Militar/organização & administração , Serviços de Saúde Rural/organização & administração , População Rural/estatística & dados numéricos , Austrália , Escolha da Profissão , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Apoio Social , Recursos Humanos
17.
Voen Med Zh ; 337(4): 10-4, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27416715

RESUMO

One of the major problems in the acquisition of units of the Armed Forces is timely detection of individuals with deviant behaviour, which are prone to delinquent and addictive behaviour. The article presents the results of an analysis of existing methodologies aiming to identify servicemen abusing and occasionally using narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. The characteristics of the proposed new automated complex psychological diagnosis socially determined behavioural disorders and methods is given. The high efficiency of this characteristics in the allocation among "at risk" servicemen is given.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/psicologia , Militares/psicologia , Transtornos da Personalidade/psicologia , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Escala de Avaliação Comportamental , Humanos , Federação Russa , Detecção do Abuso de Substâncias , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/prevenção & controle , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
J Trauma Dissociation ; 17(5): 527-544, 2016 Oct-Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27427782

RESUMO

The Hoffman Report (Hoffman et al., 2015) documented devastating information about the American Psychological Association (APA) and the profession of psychology in the United States, prompting a public apology and a formal commitment by APA to correct its mistakes (APA, 2015). In the current article, we utilize betrayal trauma theory (Freyd, 1997), including betrayal blindness (e.g., Freyd, 1996; Tang, 2015) and institutional betrayal (Smith & Freyd, 2014b), to understand and learn from APA's behaviors. We further situate this discussion in the context of inequality, both within APA and in American society generally. We detail how the impact of APA's institutional betrayals extended beyond the organization, its members, and the psychology profession, highlighting the potential for disproportionate harm to minorities, including those who were tortured; Muslims, Middle Easterners, Afghans, and non-Americans who were not tortured; and other minority individuals (Gómez, 2015d). Acknowledging, understanding, and addressing its institutional betrayals offers APA the opportunity to take meaningful corrective and preventive measures. We propose several institutional reparations, including making concrete changes with transparency and conducting self-assessments to inform further needed changes (Freyd & Birrell, 2013). By engaging in institutional courage, APA has the potential to grow into an ethical governing body that fulfills its mission to "advance the creation, communication and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people's lives" (APA, 2016).


Assuntos
Grupos Étnicos , Prisioneiros/psicologia , Má Conduta Profissional , Trauma Psicológico , Psicologia/ética , Sociedades Científicas/ética , Tortura/ética , Direitos Humanos , Humanos , Cultura Organizacional , Psicologia Militar , Justiça Social , Responsabilidade Social , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos
19.
Voen Med Zh ; 337(2): 41-8, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27263211

RESUMO

In the field of special support of nuclear- and radiation-dangerous objects "human factor" is highlighted, which means that psychological status of crew is at the first place. The authors analysed conditions of professional activity, determined morbidity rates and psychologically important labour characteristics for military specialists working at nuclear- and radiation-dangerous objects. The staff working at these objects undergoes irradiation, hostility of inhabitation and high psychological pressure. The authors presented data on peculiarities of health status and morbidity rate among military servicemen of the given category: the frequency of digestive apparatus diseases, diseases of nervous and circulatory systems is higher than in auxiliary subunits of the same military units. The authors determined the main principles and structure of measures of medical and psychological support of professional activity of the staff of military units of special support.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares/terapia , Medicina Militar/métodos , Militares , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/terapia , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Adolescente , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso/epidemiologia , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Estresse Psicológico/epidemiologia
20.
Voen Med Zh ; 337(1): 22-8, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Russo | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27120951

RESUMO

The authors analysed state and prospects of medical-and-psychological support of military servicemen, which is supposed to consider as a complex of measures aimed at monitoring of professional psychological health, professional-and-psychological expertise, psychophysiological and pharmacological, correction, and medical-and-psychological rehabilitation. Organisation and maintaince of the above mentioned measures should be carried out by specialists of medical--and-psychological support groups and medical-and-psychological correction.


Assuntos
Medicina Militar , Militares , Psiquiatria Militar , Psicologia Militar , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Medicina Militar/métodos , Medicina Militar/normas , Psiquiatria Militar/métodos , Psiquiatria Militar/normas , Psicologia Militar/métodos , Psicologia Militar/normas , Federação Russa
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