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1.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 21: e225337, jan.-dez. 2022. ilus
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-1366230

RESUMO

Aim: To elaborate and validate an instrument for Brazilian Portuguese speakers, to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes mellitus (Dental-Diabetes). Methods: Methodological study comprising four stages: a) Elaboration of instrument; b) Content validation (computing Content Validity Index - CVI) based on Expert Committee assessment; c) Pre-test with 30 dentists, followed by assessment of suggestions by Expert Committee; d) Psychometric validation through instrument application in a sample of 127 dentists by means of the web tool e-Surv. Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficients were used to evaluate, respectively, internal consistency and reproducibility. Results: The final version of the instrument consists of 22 questions (7 on sociodemographic data and 15 querying dentists' knowledge) and those submitted for validation attained a CVI of 0.95 [95% CI 0.916-0,981], showing satisfactory internal consistency, with 0.794 Cronbach's alpha [95% CI 0.741-0.842] and an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.799 [95% CI: 0.746-0.846] between the test and retest scores. Conclusions: Dental-Diabetes is a comprehensive instrument, culturally adequate and validated to assess dentists' knowledge about care of patients with diabetes


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Inquéritos e Questionários , Odontólogos , Diabetes Mellitus , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
2.
Arch Psychiatr Nurs ; 40: 158-166, 2022 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064240

RESUMO

The pandemic context presents remarkable psychological challenges for adolescents and young adults. The aim of the present work was to construct and study the psychometric properties of a scale in Spanish language (W-COV) to measure their worries related to the pandemic. Participants were 5559 people aged between 14 and 25 years old (M = 19.05; SD = 3.28). Self-report data were collected using a cross-sectional and cross-cultural design. Participants were from 5 Spanish-speaking countries. Instruments were W-COV to assess worries about COVID-19 and its consequences; DASS-21 for anxiety, depression and stress; and SWLS for life satisfaction. Exploratory, confirmatory and multi-group factor analyses were conducted to determine the factorial structure of the W-COV and its measurement invariance (configural, metric, scalar and error variance). Correlational and regression analyses were also performed to study convergent and predictive validity. The results suggest that W-COV presents a bifactorial structure: (1) a general factor of worries about COVID-19; and (2) three different factors: worries about health, economic and psychosocial consequences from COVID-19. The internal reliability indices Cronbach's α and Omega were adequate. With respect to the invariance results, the instrument can be used interchangeably in the five countries considered, in both genders and in two different age groups (12-17 and 18-25). Regarding validity, W-COV factors were positively associated with anxiety, depression and stress, and negatively predicted life satisfaction. In conclusion, W-COV is a reliable and valid instrument for researchers and health care professionals to assess the psychological impact of the pandemic on mental health of young Ibero-Americans.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Adolescente , Adulto , Ansiedade/psicologia , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
3.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273801, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36067178

RESUMO

The Impulsive Behavior Short Scale-8 (I-8) measures the psychological construct of impulsivity with four subscales comprising two items each (completion time < 1 min). The aim of the present study was threefold: (1) to assess the psychometric properties (objectivity, reliability, and validity) of the English-language I-8; (2) to compare these psychometric properties with those of the original German-language source version of the scale; and (3) to test the cross-national comparability of the scale via measurement invariance tests. For this purpose, we used heterogeneous quota samples from the UK and Germany. Our results indicate that I-8 is a reliable and valid short scale with highly comparable psychometric properties across both language versions. In addition, I-8 showed a highly similar correlational pattern with various extraneous variables across the two nations. Furthermore, partial scalar invariance and full invariance of residual variances held, allowing the comparison of latent means and observed (co)variances across nations. I-8 lends itself as a measure of impulsive behavior especially in surveys in which assessment time is limited, such as in large-scale cross-national surveys.


Assuntos
Comportamento Impulsivo , Idioma , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 20(1): 131, 2022 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36068630

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We compared measurement properties of 5-point and 11-point response formats for the orofacial esthetic scale (OES) items to determine whether collapsing the format would degrade OES score precision. METHODS: Data were collected from a consecutive sample of adult dental patients from HealthPartners dental clinics in Minnesota (N = 2,078). We fitted an Item Response Theory (IRT) model to the 11-point response format and the six derived 5-point response formats. We compared all response formats using test (or scale) information, correlation between the IRT scores, Cronbach's alpha estimates for each scaling format, correlations based on the observed scores for the seven OES items and the eighth global item, and the relationship of observed and IRT scores to an external criterion using orofacial appearance (OA) indicators from the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP). RESULTS: The correlations among scores based on the different response formats were uniformly high for observed (0.97-0.99) and IRT scores (0.96-0.99); as were correlations of both observed and IRT scores and the OHIP measure of OA (0.66-0.68). Cronbach's alpha based on any of the 5-point formats (α = 0.95) was nearly the same as that based on the 11-point format (α = 0.96). The weighted total information area for five of six derived 5-point response formats was 98% of that for the 11-point response format. CONCLUSIONS: Our results support the use of scores based on a 5-point response format for the OES items. The measurement properties of scores based on a 5-point response format are comparable to those of scores based on the 11-point response format.


Assuntos
Estética Dentária , Qualidade de Vida , Adulto , Estética , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
Front Public Health ; 10: 907522, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36072384

RESUMO

Background: The importance of studying the excessive use of social media in adolescents is increasing and so is the need for in-depth evaluations of the psychometric properties of the measurement tools. This study investigated the properties of the Social Media Disorder Scale (SMDS) in a large representative sample of Czech adolescents. Methods: We analyzed the representative sample of 13,377 Czech adolescents (50.9% boys), 11-16 years old, who participated in the Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) survey (2017-18), using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and network models. Furthermore, we evaluated the measurement invariance and constructed the validity of the SMDS. Results: We found support for a single dominant factor but not for strict unidimensionality. Several residual correlations were identified. The strongest were for: problems-conflicts-deceptions; persistence-escape; and preoccupation-tolerance-withdrawal. Girls, particularly 13- and 15-year-olds, scored higher than boys in the same age group, and 13- and 15-year-olds achieved higher scores than 11-year-olds, although some items were not invariant between the groups. The SMDS was positively related to other online activities, screen time, and falling asleep late, but negatively related to well-being and mental health. Discussion and conclusions: The SMDS showed solid psychometric properties and construct validity. However, small violations of measurement invariance were detected. Furthermore, the network analysis showed important residual relationships between the items.


Assuntos
Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Criança , República Tcheca/epidemiologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Am J Occup Ther ; 76(5)2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36053732

RESUMO

IMPORTANCE: Empirical evidence is needed on the psychometric properties of the Allen Cognitive Level Screen-Sixth Edition (ACLS-6), an instrument that assesses cognitive functions and is commonly used for people living with schizophrenia. OBJECTIVE: To examine the convergent validity, discriminative validity, and test-retest reliability of two tasks, stitching and copying, in the ACLS-6 for community-dwelling people living with schizophrenia. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: Psychiatric center. PARTICIPANTS: 110 people living with schizophrenia. OUTCOMES AND MEASURES: To examine convergent validity, we calculated correlations (Pearson's r) between the two tasks and between these two tasks and three cognitive measures. We checked for floor and ceiling effects and conducted independent t tests to evaluate discriminative validity. We calculated intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) to investigate test-retest reliability. RESULTS: We found a strong correlation (r = .88) between the two tasks and moderate correlations (rs = .32-.52) between the two tasks and the three cognitive measures. No floor or ceiling effects were observed for the two tasks, and t tests showed significant differences between two participant groups with marginal and mild clinical symptoms (p < .001). The ICC values for the two tasks were .71-.74. CONCLUSION AND RELEVANCE: The stitching and copying tasks of the ACLS-6 have good convergent validity, discriminative validity, and test-retest reliability for community-dwelling people living with schizophrenia. The copying task showed a strong correlation with the stitching task and a similar score range, so practitioners can consider using the copying task as a substitute for the stitching task. What This Article Adds: The stitching and copying tasks of the ACLS-6 have sound psychometric properties for measuring cognitive functions in community-dwelling people living with schizophrenia.


Assuntos
Vida Independente , Esquizofrenia , Cognição , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
7.
Front Public Health ; 10: 962304, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36062123

RESUMO

The COVID Stress Scales (CSS) was used to access related distress concerning Corona Virus Disease 2019 (COVID-19). Based on China's epidemic prevention and control policies during the COVID-19 pandemic, the adaption of the Chinese version of the CSS was developed. Our study evaluated the reliability and validity of the Chinese adapted version of the CSS during the COVID-19 pandemic. An online survey was employed to construct a national sample of 2,116 participants in Chinese mainland. We examined the factor structure, internal consistency, convergent validity, discriminant validity, and concurrent validity. The results demonstrated that the six-factor solution for the Chinese adaptation of the CSS proved a good fit with the data after comparing the factor structure with the five-factor model. The six-factor model had good reliability and supported good convergent, discriminant, and concurrent validity of the CSS Chinese adaption. Overall, our findings supported the Chinese adapted version of the CSS as a psychometrically sound measure of stress during the COVID-19 pandemic in China.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/diagnóstico , COVID-19/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Pandemias , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
8.
Bull Menninger Clin ; 86(3): 204-222, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36047940

RESUMO

Studies suggest that autistic traits are widespread among the general population and, in this regard, the short form of the Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), the AQ-28, was developed to measure autistic traits. The present study examines the factor structure, internal consistency, and convergent validity of the Persian version of the AQ-28 with 691 Iranian university students (Mage = 28.67, SD = 8.57, 57.3% women) who were recruited online and completed the AQ-28 and Symptom Checklist (SCL-25) measures. Confirmatory factor analysis results yielded a four-factor model, which was internally consistent and demonstrated hypothesized correlations with the external correlates of interest (e.g., anxiety, depression, and phobia). Results support the Persian version of the AQ with 19 items (AQ-19) as a measure with sound psychometrics to be used in studies with Iranian university students.


Assuntos
Transtorno Autístico , Adulto , Transtorno Autístico/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico) , Masculino , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades
9.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273996, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048907

RESUMO

An important criterion for the proper functioning of a managed competition healthcare system, such as operates in the Netherlands, is that all citizens can make well-informed decisions regarding their health insurance policy. In order to achieve this, citizens need certain health insurance literacy skills. It is not known how far citizens in the Netherlands have these skills. The aim of this study is to provide a reliable instrument that measures the health insurance literacy of citizens in the Netherlands. It would be based upon an existing instrument developed in the US. We translated the US Health Insurance Literacy Measure (HILM) into Dutch. Furthermore, we established the psychometric properties of the Dutch version (HILM-NL), and we validated the HILM-NL in a general population sample by sending surveys to members of the Nivel Dutch Health Care Consumer Panel (DHCCP) in February and March 2020. The response rates were respectively 54% (n = 806) and 56% (n = 595). No insurmountable difficulties with equivalence were encountered throughout the translation process. The HILM-NL showed an acceptable level of internal consistency, good test-retest reliability, and a good construct validity. The HILM-NL is a reliable instrument for measuring health insurance literacy among citizens in the Netherlands. With this instrument, it is better possible both to assess how these citizens choose and use a health insurance policy, and also the difficulties they face. It enables citizens in the Netherlands to be supported better in making well-informed decisions on health insurance.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Traduções , Humanos , Seguro Saúde , Países Baixos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
10.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 20(1): 129, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050766

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: To make efficient use of available resources, decision-makers in healthcare may assess the costs and (health) benefits of health interventions. For interventions aimed at improving mental health capturing the full health benefits is an important challenge. The Mental Health Quality of Life (MHQoL) instrument was recently developed to meet this challenge. Evaluating the pyschometric properties of this instrument in different contexts remains important. METHODS: A psychometric evaluation of the MHQoL was performed using existing international, cross-sectional data with 7155 respondents from seven European countries (Denmark, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal, The Netherlands, Portugal and the United Kingdom). Reliability was examined by calculating Cronbach's alpha, a measure of internal consistency of the seven MHQoL dimensions, and by examining the association of the MHQoL sum scores with the MHQoL-VAS scores. Construct validity was examined by calculating Spearman's rank correlation coefficients between the MHQoL sum scores and EQ-5D index scores, EQ-VAS scores, EQ-5D anxiety/depression dimension scores, ICECAP-A index scores and PHQ-4 sum scores. RESULTS: The MHQoL was found to have good internal consistency for all seven countries. The MHQoL sum score and the MHQoL-VAS had a high correlation. Spearman's rank correlation coefficients were moderate to very high for all outcomes. CONCLUSION: Our results, based on data gathered in seven European countries, suggest that the MHQoL shows favourable psychometrical characteristics. While further validation remains important, the MHQoL may be a useful instrument in measuring mental health-related quality of life in the Western European context.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Psicometria , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act ; 19(1): 113, 2022 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36050778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Food literacy is theorised to improve diet quality, nutrition behaviours, social connectedness and food security. The definition and conceptualisation by Vidgen & Gallegos, consisting of 11 theoretical components within the four domains of planning and managing, selecting, preparing and eating, is currently the most highly cited framework. However, a valid and reliable questionnaire is needed to comprehensively measure this conceptualisation. Therefore, this study draws on existing item pools to develop a comprehensive food literacy questionnaire using item response theory. METHODS: Five hundred Australian adults were recruited in Study 1 to refine a food literacy item pool using principal component analysis (PCA) and item response theory (IRT) which involved detailed item analysis on targeting, responsiveness, validity and reliability. Another 500 participants were recruited in Study 2 to replicate item analysis on validity and reliability on the refined item pool, and 250 of these participants re-completed the food literacy questionnaire to determine its test-retest reliability. RESULTS: The PCA saw the 171-item pool reduced to 100-items across 19 statistical components of food literacy. After the thresholds of 26 items were combined, responses to the food literacy questionnaire had ordered thresholds (targeting), acceptable item locations (< -0.01 to + 1.53) and appropriateness of the measurement model (n = 92% expected responses) (responsiveness), met outfit mean-squares MSQ (0.48-1.42) (validity) and had high person, item separation (> 0.99) and test-retest (ICC 2,1 0.55-0.88) scores (reliability). CONCLUSIONS: We developed a 100-item food literacy questionnaire, the IFLQ-19 to comprehensively address the Vidgen & Gallegos theoretical domains and components with good targeting, responsiveness, reliability and validity in a diverse sample of Australian adults.


Assuntos
Alimentos , Letramento em Saúde , Adulto , Austrália , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273931, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36074774

RESUMO

Childhood maltreatment, specifically during sensitive developmental periods, is a major risk factor for poor physical and mental health. Despite its enormous clinical relevance, there is still a lack of scales measuring different types, timing, and duration of childhood maltreatment. The current study sought to validate and determine the psychometric properties of the brief German version of the Maltreatment and Abuse Chronology of Exposure (MACE) scale, the KERF-40. The KERF-40 was administered as an interview (i.e., KERF-40-I) to 287 adult participants with and without mental disorders. Based on item response theory, items of the KERF-40-I were assigned to different types of maltreatment, resulting in a scaled version, the KERF-40+. Test-retest reliability was assessed in a small subsample (n = 14). Convergent and relative predictive validity were measured with correlations of the KERF-40+ and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ) as well as self-report measures of general and trauma-related psychopathology. Rasch analysis and fit statistics yielded a 49-item version, encompassing ten different types of maltreatment. The test-retest reliability of the KERF-40+ was shown to be acceptable to excellent for almost all global and subscale scores (.74 ≤ ρ ≤ 1.00), with the exception of the subscale emotional neglect (ρ = .55). Convergent validity with the CTQ was confirmed for both KERF-40+ global scores (.72 ≤ r ≤ .87) and corresponding subscale scores (.56 ≤ r ≤ .78). Relative predictive validity was reflected by significant small-to-moderate correlations between KERF-40+ global scores and indices of general and trauma-related psychopathology (.24 ≤ r ≤ .45). Taken together, the KERF-40+ appears to be suited for clinicians and researchers interested in retrospectively assessing different types, timing, and duration of childhood maltreatment experiences during sensitive periods in adults.


Assuntos
Maus-Tratos Infantis , Adulto , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estudos Retrospectivos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
BMC Pregnancy Childbirth ; 22(1): 694, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076155

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance in pregnant women needs to be accurately assessed in a timely manner during pregnancy, to receive assessment-driven accurate intervention. This study aims to compare the factor structure of the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) among women in mid- and late pregnancy and evaluate the psychometric features of the Korean version of the PSQI. METHODS: The survey questionnaire with the PSQI, Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression scale, and pregnancy stress, was completed by 281 women in mid- or late pregnancy. Exploratory factor analysis determined the best factor structure of the PSQI, and the Pearson correlation coefficient examined a convergent validity with depressive symptoms and pregnancy stress. Internal consistency was examined using Cronbach's alpha. RESULTS: In both mid- and late-pregnancy women, a two-factor structure model was identified. However, each factor's different components were named differently. For women in mid-pregnancy, it was named "quantitative sleep quality" and "subjective sleep quality," and for those in later stages of pregnancy, they were named "perceived sleep quality" and "daily disturbance." The PQSI score showed a significantly positive correlation between depressive symptoms and pregnancy stress in mid- (r = 0.57 and r = 0.39, respectively), and late pregnancy (r = 0.48 and 0.28, respectively). The overall Cronbach's alpha for the PSQI was 0.63. CONCLUSIONS: The Korean version of the PSQI demonstrated excellent construct and convergent validity, making it suitable to assess the sleep quality of women in middle to late stages of their pregnancy. The PSQI was found to have a two-factor structure in the mid-and late pregnancy, but the components were different. As sleep quality changes with each gestational stage, factors affecting it during mid- and late pregnancy need to be separately examined. It will make it easier for medical professionals to provide pregnant women sleeping irregularly, with the right kind of intervention.


Assuntos
Qualidade do Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Gravidez , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Sono , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
BMC Endocr Disord ; 22(1): 225, 2022 Sep 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36076182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acceptance of diabetes is a psychological adaptation to the potential limitations of the disease. Poor acceptance of diabetes impairs effective self-management of diabetes, leading to worsening metabolic control. This study aimed at determining the psychometric properties of the Persian version of the Diabetes Acceptance Scale. METHODS: This cross-sectional methodological study was performed on diabetic patients in Iran in 2021. The questionnaire consisted of two parts: demographic characteristics and Diabetes Acceptance Scale. The questionnaire was translated into Persian through the forward-backward translation method. The face validity and content validity were performed qualitatively and quantitatively. Exploratory (n = 200) and confirmatory (n = 200) factor analysis were performed to evaluate the validity of the structure. Internal consistency and temporal stability were estimated to determine reliability. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis on the polychoric correlation matrix obtained three factors: Rational dealing, Resentment and Avoidance, which explained 68.8% of the total DAS variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 3-fractor model had a good fit to a second independent data set. Finally, Ordinal Cronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.96, 0.94 and 0.93, respectively for the Rational dealing, Resentment, and Avoidance factor. Also, using intraclass correlation coefficient, the stability of the instrument was 0.97. CONCLUSION: Based on the findings of this study, the Persian version of DAS has sufficient validity and reliability to measure the admission of Iranian diabetic patients.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Ácido 4-Acetamido-4'-isotiocianatostilbeno-2,2'-dissulfônico/análogos & derivados , Estudos Transversais , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Int. j. clin. health psychol. (Internet) ; 22(3): 1-8, Sept. - dec. 2022. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-EMG-206

RESUMO

Background/Objective: The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire self-report (SDQ-S) has been extensively used to assess mental health problems among children and adolescents. However, previous research has identified substantial age and country variation on its psychometric properties. The aim of this study was three-fold: i) to evaluate internal structure and measurement invariance of the Spanish version of the SDQ; ii) to analyze age and gender-specific effects on the SDQ subscales; and iii) to provide Spanish normative data for the entire age range of adolescence. Method: Data were derived from two representative samples of adolescents aged 14 to 19 years old, selected by stratified random cluster sampling years (N = 3378). Results: The reliability of the Total difficulties score was satisfactory, but some subscales showed lower levels of internal consistency. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the original five-factor model. Finally, results revealed that SDQ scores were influenced by the gender and the age of participants; thus, the normative banding scores and cut-off values were provided accordingly. Conclusions: This study validates the Spanish SDQ-S for the entire age range of adolescence. However, more cross-country and cross-age research is needed to better understand the inconsistent findings on SDQ reliability. (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Saúde Mental , Psicometria , Espanha , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Rev. clín. esp. (Ed. impr.) ; 222(7): 417-431, ago. - sept. 2022. ilus, tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-207426

RESUMO

Objetivo Realizar una descripción de las principales escalas utilizadas en la valoración geriátrica integral mediante un análisis narrativo detallando su aplicación clínica en relación con sus ventajas y desventajas en función de sus propiedades psicométricas (valoración mental) y los sesgos en su aplicación. Las escalas seleccionadas fueron: índice de Barthel, índice de Katz, escala de Lawton y Brody, mini-examen del estado mental, test del reloj, escala de depresión geriátrica y la escala de recursos sociales. Métodos Se realizó una revisión sistemática rápida de revisiones en MEDLINE (PubMed) hasta enero de 2021, informando de los hallazgos mediante PRISMA, 2020. Para construir la estrategia de búsqueda reproducible se empleó el lenguaje MeSH, palabras clave y los operadores booleanos AND y OR. Resultados Se seleccionaron 31 que cumplieron los criterios de elegibilidad; 18 revisiones sistemáticas, 12 revisiones de la literatura y una revisión de alcance. Se encontraron múltiples versiones para algunas de las escalas y se constataron sesgos en su interpretación. Se recomienda la administración de cuestionarios cortos y fáciles de aplicar y se aconseja que los puntos de corte se definan según la educación formal. Conclusión Las escalas de valoración geriátrica integral son instrumentos baratos, eficaces y útiles para detectar problemas y potencialidad en las personas mayores. Deben ser de fácil aplicación, no extensas, válidas para múltiples culturas y distintos niveles de educación formal y aplicables a diferentes grados de discapacidad. Es recomendable que los profesionales sanitarios se entrenen en su uso para evitar sesgos en la interpretación de los resultados (AU)


Objective This work aims to describe the main scales used in comprehensive geriatric assessment through a narrative analysis detailing their clinical application in relation to their advantages and disadvantages in terms of their psychometric properties (mental assessment) and biases in their application. The scales selected were: Barthel Index, Katz Index, Lawton and Brody Scale, Mini-Mental State Examination, Clock Test, Geriatric Depression Scale, and the Social Resources Scale. Methods We conducted a rapid systematic review of reviews in MEDLINE (PubMed) up to January 2021, reporting findings using PRISMA, 2020. MeSH language, keywords, and the Boolean operators AND and OR were used to construct the reproducible search strategy. Results Thirty-one works were selected that met the eligibility criteria: 18 systematic reviews, 12 literature reviews, and one scoping review. Multiple versions were found for some of the scales and biases in their interpretation were observed. Short, easy-to-administer questionnaires are recommended and cut-off points should be defined by formal education. Conclusion Comprehensive geriatric assessment scales are inexpensive, effective, and useful instruments for identifying problems and potential problems in the elderly. They should be easy to apply, not extensive, valid for multiple cultures and different levels of formal education, and applicable to individuals with different degrees of disability. It is recommended that health professionals be instructed in their use to avoid biases in the interpretation of the results (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Idoso , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
PLoS One ; 17(9): e0273390, 2022.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36048757

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Audio Processor Satisfaction Questionnaire (APSQ) is a standardized tool to measure a user's satisfaction with their audio processor(s). It was first developed and validated in the German language. The purpose of the current study was to validate the English version of the APSQ. DESIGN: The 15 items of the APSQ were translated into English. Item and scale analyses assessed the quality of individual items and of the questionnaire in its entirety. STUDY SAMPLE: Sixty-seven adults with hearing implants participated. Forty-six of them completed the questionnaire twice within 2-4 weeks. RESULTS: High mean values were obtained with total scores and with scores of the comfort, social life, and usability domains, indicating that users are generally satisfied with their audio processors. The questionnaire achieved good test-retest reliability with high internal consistency. A significant positive correlation between time since implantation and user satisfaction was found. CONCLUSION: Results of the item and reliability analyses suggest that the English version of the APSQ is a valid and reliable tool to assess user satisfaction with their audio processor(s).


Assuntos
Idioma , Satisfação Pessoal , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1671, 2022 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36057600

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Assessment of health beliefs and risk perception is a critical means to prevent coronary heart disease, but there are few such studies on assessment in the Chinese population. Given the demonstrated value and widespread use of the Attitudes and Beliefs about Cardiovascular Disease Risk Questionnaire (ABCD), this study was designed to translate it into Chinese, and to evaluate its reliability and validity in a Chinese population. METHODS: The Chinese version of the ABCD was created using the Beaton translation model, which included forward and backward translation. The reliability and construct validity of the Chinese ABCD were examined in a sample of 353 adults who participated in the public welfare projects of the Chinese National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases in Guilin city, Guangxi. Exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) were performed to examine the factor structure of the Chinse ABCD. The internal consistency of the questionnaire was assessed using Cronbach's α and corrected item-total correlations. RESULTS: We deleted item 7 in the knowledge dimension of the Chinese ABCD and added two items about smoking and sleep knowledge, while retaining 25 of the original items, so that it finally included 27 items. The correlations were .20-.90; the correlations between each item and the total score of the ABCD were .34-.86; and the item-level Content Validity Index (I-CVI) was .86-1.00. The results of the EFA showed that all items were close to .40, and the cumulative variance contribution rate was 63.88%. The model fit was acceptable (χ2 = 698.79, df = 243, χ2/df = 2.87, P < 0.001, SRMR = 0.06, RMSEA = 0.05, CFI = 0.96, and TLI = 0.94) according to the CFA. The Cronbach' s α of the entire questionnaire was .86, and the α of each of dimension was .65, .90, .88, and .78. The split-half reliability of the entire the ABCD was .67, and the test-retest reliability was .97 (P < 0.05). The questionnaire had good reliability and validity and was associated with sociodemographic and health-related characteristics (smoking and Body Mass Index). CONCLUSION: The Chinese version of the ABCD has good reliability and validity, and provides a reliable assessment tool for measuring public health beliefs about the risk of cardiovascular disease, promoting the primary prevention of coronary heart disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Cardiovasculares , Adulto , Doenças Cardiovasculares/diagnóstico , Doenças Cardiovasculares/prevenção & controle , China , Humanos , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
19.
BMC Public Health ; 22(1): 1681, 2022 09 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36064385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: COVID-19 related stigma has been identified as a critical issue since the beginning of the pandemic. We developed a valid and reliable questionnaire to measure COVID-19 related enacted stigma, inflicted by the non-infected general population. We applied the questionnaire to measure COVID-19 related enacted stigma among Tehran citizens from 27 to 30 September 2020. METHODS: A preliminary questionnaire with 18 items was developed. The total score ranged from 18 to 54; a higher score indicated a higher level of COVID-19 related stigma. An expert panel assessed the face and content validity. Of 1637 randomly recruited Tehran citizens without a history of COVID-19 infection, 1064 participants consented and were interviewed by trained interviewers by phone. RESULTS: Item content validity index (I-CVI), Item content validity ratio (I-CVR), and Item face validity index (I-FVI) were higher than 0.78 for all 18 items. The content and face validity were established with a scale content validity index (S-CVI) of 0.90 and a scale face validity index (S-CVI) of 93.9%, respectively. Internal consistency of the questionnaire with 18 items was confirmed with Cronbach's alpha of 0.625. Exploratory factor analysis revealed five latent variables, including "blaming", "social discrimination", "dishonor label", "interpersonal contact", and "retribution and requital attitude". The median of the stigma score was 24 [25th percentile: 22, 75the percentile: 28]. A large majority (86.8%) of participants reported a low level of stigma with a score below 31. None of the participants showed a high level of stigma with a score above 43. We found that the higher the educational level the lower the participant's stigma score. CONCLUSION: We found a low level of stigmatizing thoughts and behavior among the non-infected general population in Tehran, which may be due to the social desirability effect, to the widespread nature of COVID-19, or to the adaptation to sociocultural diversity of the large city.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , COVID-19/epidemiologia , Humanos , Irã (Geográfico)/epidemiologia , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estigma Social , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
BMJ Open ; 12(9): e057552, 2022 09 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-36104123

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Lifestyle-induced nasopharyngeal carcinoma is a serious but preventable risk factor. This study serves to develop and validate a questionnaire that aims to predict the health behavioural intention on smoking cessation in Sarawak, Malaysia using the Health Belief Model (HBM). DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. SETTING: Urban and suburban areas in Sarawak, Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS: The preliminary items of the instrument were developed after extensive literature review. The instrument was translated into the Malay language using the forward-backwards method before commencing with the content validity by a panel of 10 experts. Face validity was done both quantitatively and qualitatively by 10 smokers. The construct validity of the instrument was evaluated through exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). A total of 100 smokers participated in phase 1 for EFA, while 171 smokers participated in phase 2 for CFA. Internal consistency was measured using Cronbach's alpha coefficients to evaluate the reliability. RESULTS: In the exploratory stage, the factor loading of each item remained within the acceptable threshold. The final revised CFA yielded appropriate fit of the seven-factor model with the following model fit indices: χ2=641.705; df=500; p<0.001; comparative fit index=0.953; Tucker-Lewis Index=0.948; root mean square error of approximation=0.041. Satisfactory convergent validity and divergent validity were shown, with the exception of one pairwise construct. The internal reliability of these scales was above the desirable threshold, with Cronbach's alpha coefficients ranging from 0.705 to 0.864 and 0.838 to 0.889 in phases 1 and 2, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: The study substantiated the instrument to be valid and reliable for predicting smokers' health behavioural intention to reduce cancer risk. The instrument is made up of 34 items, categorised into two sections, six HBM constructs and health behavioural intention. The instrument can be utilised for other smoking cessation-related cancers in different at-risk populations.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar , Estudos Transversais , Modelo de Crenças de Saúde , Humanos , Carcinoma Nasofaríngeo/prevenção & controle , Neoplasias Nasofaríngeas/prevenção & controle , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
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