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1.
Psychiatr Hung ; 34(3): 266-279, 2019.
Artigo em Húngaro | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31570658

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Inventory of Callous-Unemotional Traits (ICU) is one of the most widely used measures of psychopathic traits in children. Callous-unemotional (CU) traits designate an important subgroup of antisocial youth characterized by lack of empathy, guilt and remorse. The aim of the present study was to test the applicability and reliability of the self-reported ICU in a high-risk sample of adolescent boys. METHODS: Participants were 202 adolescent boys (mean age: 16.63 years; SD = 1.71) from institutional care facilities and juvenile detention centres. Confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted to investigate the factor structure of the ICU. In addition, MIMIC modelling (CFA with covariates) was applied to test the convergent validity of the ICU scores by examining relationships with externalizing symptoms (including conduct problems, hyperactivity-inattention, proactive-reactive aggression), and prosocial behaviour. RESULTS: We observed that the bifactor model with three correlated specific factors (callousness, uncaring and unemotional) and one general CU traits factor provided the best fit to the data. However, similar to previous studies, low internal consistency was found for the unemotional scale. In line with our expectations, CU traits showed positive associations with externalizing symptoms, and negative associations with prosocial behaviour. CONCLUSION: The ICU is a reliable and valid measure of callous-unemotional traits. Our results support the application of the Hungarian version of the questionnaire.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/diagnóstico , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/psicologia , Emoções , Psicometria , Adolescente , Humanos , Hungria , Masculino , Inventário de Personalidade/normas , Psicometria/normas , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Risco , Autorrelato
2.
Am J Psychother ; 72(3): 67-74, 2019 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31533456

RESUMO

Using data from 202 patients with depression, the authors conducted a psychometric evaluation of the Dutch translation of the Competencies of Cognitive Therapy Scale-Self-Report and an initial psychometric evaluation of the newly developed Interpersonal Psychotherapy Skills Scale-Self-Report.


Assuntos
Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/educação , Depressão/psicologia , Depressão/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria , Autorrelato
3.
Z Psychosom Med Psychother ; 65(3): 239-256, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31476991

RESUMO

Development and validation of a questionnaire for patient competence in coping with cancer (PCQ) Objectives: The aim of the study was the development and evaluation of the psychometric properties of a self-assessment questionnaire for resource-orientated coping with cancer (Patient Competence Questionnaire, PCQ). Methods: In 420 patients and members of cancer support-groups item selection and evaluation of item properties, reliability (Cronbach's Alpha), validity (convergent and divergent) and factorial structure were performed in two studies. Results: The final version of the PCQ (18 items) demonstrated a Cronbach's Alpha between 0.71 and 0.91 for five subscales identified with exploratory factor analysis (religious/spiritual coping, coping competence, healthy lifestyle, information seeking, adaptability) and 0.85 for the total score. The PCQ shows a high convergent validity (r = 0.46) with the Freiburg Questionnaire on Coping with Illness (FKV) and significant correlations with depression (r = -0.23), posttraumatic growth (r = 0.65) and religiosity (r = 0.59). Conclusions: First analyses underline that the PCQ can be regarded as a valid and reliable instrument for assessing patients' resources in dealing with cancer.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Neoplasias/psicologia , Pacientes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 420-424, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559797

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Depressive disorders are one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Recognition of signs of mental health disorders is not always easy, hence the availability of simple and accurate tools for assessing them is very important in the practice of primary care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess the theoretical accuracy and reliability of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in Polish conditions, when applied to general population studies for adults aged between 35-64. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised a population of 4,040 people. Women constituted 59% of the research population and people living in the countryside 65%. The average age of participants was 53.45 ± 7.05 years. According to PHQ-9, 727 people (18.0%) had moderate, moderate to severe or severe depression. PHQ-9 showed a significant positive internal cohesion (Cronbach's alpha = 0.77), and factor charges oscillated between 0.43-0.63, and the R2 coefficients of determination were in the range of 0.21-0.40. CONCLUSIONS: The Polish version of PHQ-9 is a valid tool for diagnosing depression in the general population aged 35-64. Good psychometric properties and compactness make the PHQ-9 a useful clinical and research tool.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Adulto , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Psicometria/instrumentação
5.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 53, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432910

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Portuguese version of the Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Dentistry (BREALD-30) administered to adolescents. METHODS: The study included 750 adolescents: 375 aged 12 years and 375 aged 15-19 years, attending public and private schools in Campina Grande, state of Paraíba, Brazil, in 2017. Reliability was measured based on internal consistency and test-retest reliability. Convergent validity was measured based on correlations between BREALD-30 and Functional Literacy Indicator scores. Divergent validity was measured by comparing BREALD-30 scores with sociodemographic variables. For predictive validity, the association between BREALD-30 scores and the presence of cavitated carious lesions was tested using a multiple logistic regression model. All statistical tests were performed with a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: BREALD-30 showed good internal consistency for the 12 year olds and 15 to19 year olds (Cronbach's alpha = 0.871 and 0.834, respectively) and good test-retest reliability [intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.898 and 0.974; kappa = 0.804 and 0.808, respectively]. Moreover, item-total correlation was satisfactory for all items. BREALD-30 had convergent validity with the Functional Literacy Indicator for 12 year olds (rs = 0.558, p < 0.001) and for 15 to 19 year olds (rs = 0.652, p < 0.001). Participants with higher oral health literacy levels who attended private schools (p < 0.001), belonged to economic classes A and B2 (p < 0.001), and who had parents with higher education levels (p < 0.001) were included, indicating the divergent validity of the BREALD-30. Participants with lower BREALD-30 scores were more likely to have cavitated carious lesions [12 year olds: odds ratio (OR) = 2.37; 95% confidence interval (95%CI): 1.48-3.80; 15 to 19 year olds: OR = 1.96; 95%CI 1.24-3.11]. CONCLUSIONS: BREALD-30 shows satisfactory psychometric properties for use on Brazilian adolescents and can be applied as a fast, simple, and reliable measure of oral health literacy.


Assuntos
Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/instrumentação , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/normas , Alfabetização em Saúde/métodos , Saúde Bucal/educação , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil , Criança , Feminino , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Setor Privado , Psicometria , Setor Público , Instituições Acadêmicas , Estudantes , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto Jovem
6.
Clin Nurse Spec ; 33(5): 217-227, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404000

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the core competencies of Chinese gerontological nurse specialists and test the psychometric properties of a core competency self-evaluation instrument. METHODS: This study consisted of 2 stages. A literature review, theoretical analysis, and the Delphi methods involving 28 experts were performed to identify the core competencies required of gerontological nurse specialists in China. Then, a self-evaluation instrument developed based on the results of stage I was tested among 225 certified gerontological nurse specialists. An exploratory factor analysis was applied to test the construct validity, and the content validity and reliability were also evaluated. RESULTS: The core competencies of gerontological nurse specialists comprised 3 first-level domains, 9 second-level dimensions, and 69 third-level items. The average scale-level content validity, overall instrument's Cronbach's α, and test-retest reliability were 0.963, 0.983, and 0.834, respectively. The results of the exploratory factor analysis indicated that the factors in the 3 first-level domains (attitude, skill, and knowledge) explained 68.579%, 69.599%, and 75.872% of the variance, respectively. CONCLUSION: The results showed that the core competencies of Chinese gerontological nurse specialists were reliable and that gerontological nurse specialists could use this self-evaluation instrument to assess their core competencies.


Assuntos
Competência Clínica , Enfermagem Geriátrica , Enfermeiras Clínicas/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto , China , Técnica Delfos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Enfermeiras Clínicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa em Avaliação de Enfermagem , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoeficácia
7.
J Nurs Adm ; 49(9): 447-453, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31436744

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify and compare validated tools used to assess incivility in healthcare settings. BACKGROUND: Incivility in the workforce is associated with poor quality outcomes, increased employee turnover, and decreased job satisfaction. Validated tools are essential for accurate measurement of incivility. The aim of this study was to compare characteristics of validated tools for use in a busy clinical setting. METHODS: In a scoping review, English language research studies using incivility tools published in PubMed or CINAHL between March 1, 2013, and March 14, 2018, were assessed for sound psychometric properties and feasibility of use (eg, short, easy to administer). RESULTS: After screening 869 articles and full text review of 244, 5 identified tools met the criteria; the Short Negative Acts Questionnaire seemed best suited for use in a busy healthcare setting. CONCLUSION: Adoption of a standardized and validated incivility tool makes it possible to compare across clinical settings and track progress over time.


Assuntos
Assistência à Saúde/normas , Incivilidade/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação no Emprego , Psicometria/instrumentação , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 228-242, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390600

RESUMO

Food insecurity is defined as inadequate access to food due to limited resources. Studies regarding college student food insecurity have shown consistently higher rates than the rest of the nation. Many of these studies measure food insecurity using the United States Department of Agriculture's Adult Food Security Survey Module. Despite its prevalence, the module has not been evaluated for use with the college student population. This study uses Rasch analysis, which underlies the current food insecurity classification approach used by the Department of Agriculture, to investigate the Adult Food Security Survey Module's psychometric properties. A sample of 511 students from a public university in the South was used. Findings indicate that the requirements of the Rasch model do not hold for the module with college students. Specifically, the requirements of equal item discrimination and unidimensionality were violated, along with the presence of moderate to large differential item functioning.


Assuntos
Abastecimento de Alimentos , Psicometria , Estudantes , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Humanos , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Agriculture
9.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 243-258, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390601

RESUMO

The purpose of this research was to investigate the reliability of the scores produced and validity of the inferences drawn from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS, 2018) force and motion sub-topic assessment for middle school students. The assessment of student outcomes in STEM is an international focus in K-12 education. Project 2061, initiated by the AAAS, focuses on addressing challenges related to standards and assessments. This study informs this effort through testing a 14-item multiple-choice test constructed of questions from the AAAS item bank. Two samples of eighth-grade students participated (N = 1777). Rasch analysis applying the dichotomous model (Rasch, 1960) indicated sufficient item separation and reliability. Thirteen items fit the Rasch model and one item was removed for misfit. Further support for construct validity was observed with 78 percent of item ordering aligned with that predicted by physics educators and stability of measures for 11 items across the two samples. One item exhibited significant differential item functioning by gender and minority status in science. After inspection by physics educators, no bias in item wording or context was determined. Recommendation for additional items is made to increase item targeting and variance explained by the Rasch linear measure.


Assuntos
Exame Físico , Psicometria , Estudantes , Humanos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Estados Unidos
10.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 259-271, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390602

RESUMO

Tracking changes over time, especially as schools transition to a new operating model, is important to understand the effects of the model on students' perceptions and experiences. An accurate measure of such changes requires a stable measure of item difficulty, which the Rasch model can provide. The University of Chicago Consortium on School Research has applied Rasch analysis to surveys in Chicago Public Schools since 1991; these surveys (in whole or in part) are now used in many non-public schools as well. We examine Rasch measures derived from these survey data in 15 Catholic schools in five U.S. communities, and compare them to previous results from public schools. We also study changes in these measures over time, and their relationship to student academic outcomes. In our sample, the student and teacher surveys provide reliable individual school climate measures, but we are unable to differentiate between schools, likely due to the homogeneity of the schools.


Assuntos
Catolicismo , Psicometria , Instituições Acadêmicas , Chicago , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 272-292, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390603

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to construct a measure of numeracy skill use in the workplace for incarcerated and household adults. The 2012/2014 Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) Survey of Adult Skills asked about the type and frequency of numeracy tasks performed as part of one's job to nationally-representative incarcerated and household adult samples. This paper takes these items from this survey and focuses on the validation of a measure of numeracy skill use in the workplace using the principles of the Rasch rating scale model. In the interest of exploring options for strengthened validity, response categories were collapsed to produce an optimal categorization structure. Findings suggest an instrument to measure numeracy skill use in prison and free market workplaces could potentially be improved with fewer response categories and more items that ask about a broader range of numeracy skills.


Assuntos
Matemática , Prisioneiros , Psicometria , Local de Trabalho , Adulto , Humanos , Inquéritos e Questionários
12.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 293-309, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390604

RESUMO

The purpose of the present paper was twofold: (a) to use 95% confidence intervals of the item and test information functions as a means of visualizing differences between groups on the information provided at the item and test levels, and, (b) to statistically compare item and test information functions as a method for evaluating differential item and differential test functioning. Participants were 2,305 high school students who took a Mathematics National entrance examination in Saudi Arabia. Item and test information functions, conditional standard errors of measurement and reliability were estimated for both males and females. Differences between groups became evident when plotting 95% confidence intervals of the item and test information functions and the visual findings were confirmed using population-based Z-tests of point estimates using a Monte-Carlo simulation. It was concluded that differential group behavior at the item and test levels can be evidenced using information functions and inferential tests of significance can be constructed using the bootstrap distribution. The current procedure involves both item difficulties and discrimination indices and provides increased sensitivity over the traditional methods relying on item difficulties only.


Assuntos
Psicometria , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Método de Monte Carlo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
13.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 310-325, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390605

RESUMO

In this study, parameter estimation error was examined when three dimensional tests of a semi-mixed structure were estimated unidimensionally. Since previous studies have generally focused on two-dimensional mixed structured tests or three-dimensional approximately simple structured tests, this study adds to the literature by considering the impact of fitting a unidimensional model to multidimensional data using a test structure that has not previously been considered. Test structure, interdimensional correlation, difficulty of the test, and different underlying distributions of ability were considered. Test length was set at 30 items for all conditions. Although test length was fixed, the number of approximately simple and complex items varied. Under all conditions for both moderately difficult and difficult tests, the lowest error values for all discrimination parameters, with the exception of MDISC, were obtained, surprisingly, with a correlation of 0.00. The lowest RMSE values for the difficulty parameter were obtained for tests of medium difficulty when the underlying ability distribution was simulated as standard normal for all three dimensions. The estimation errors associated with the difficulty parameter were greatly impacted by differences in the underlying ability distributions. Ability estimation errors associated with the unidimensional estimate of ability decreased as the correlation between dimensions increased.


Assuntos
Psicometria
14.
J Appl Meas ; 20(3): 326-342, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31390606

RESUMO

The evaluation of outcomes in mental health care embraces evaluation, quality assurance, and progress measurement of treatments. The Clinical Outcome in Routine Evaluation - Outcome Measure (CORE-OM) is an outcome focused self-assessment instrument, comprising 34 items covering four scales well-being, problems, functioning, and risk. The questionnaire has been translated into 52 languages, including Russian. Despite its broad application, the dimensionality of the CORE-OM deserves some further research. Thus, the present study examines the dimensionality of the Russian CORE-OM using the multidimensional random coefficients multinomial logit model (MRCMLM) based on data of N = 240 patients. The results indicate the need for further research on factorial structure and response formats of the CORE-OM. In addition, differential item functioning was found for gender and diagnostic groups, suggesting separate test norms. Again, the MRCMLM and the Test Analysis Modules (TAM) package have proven valuable tools for investigating a questionnaire's psychometric properties.


Assuntos
Linguagem , Transtornos Mentais , Psicometria , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados (Cuidados de Saúde) , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Federação Russa , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 44(7): 823-829, 2019 Jul 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31413223

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To translate the English version of the 9-item Shared Decision Making Questionnaire (SDM-Q-9) into Chinese, and to test its reliability and validity in Chinese version.
 Methods: A total of 720 inpatients were recruited randomly from 6 hospitals in Changsha and were investigated using the Chinese version of SDM-Q-9. SPSS 23.0 and AMOS 23.0 were used to test the reliability and validity.
 Results: There were 660 participants completed and returned valid questionnaires (valid return rate was 91.7%). An analysis of internal consistency yielded a Cronbach's α at 0.945 and the correlation of test-retest reliability was 0.319 for whole instrument. The correlations between the items and total scale ranged from 0.790 to 0.879 (P<0.001). A single factor was extracted by exploratory factor analysis and it could explain 69.824% of the total variance. The confirmatory factor analysis revealed a good model fit. The goodness-of-fit index (GFI), adjusted goodness-of-fit index (AGFI), comparative fit index (CFI), normal fit index (NFI), and root mean square residual (RMR) were 0.870, 0.784, 0.926, 0.921, and 0.054, respectively.
 Conclusion: The Chinese version of SDM-Q-9 is proved to be reliable and eligible except the correlation of test-retest reliability is relatively low. It can be used to assess the patient's perspective in the process of shared decision making in clinical situation.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Tijdschr Psychiatr ; 61(7): 455-463, 2019.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31372967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Forensic psychiatric patients can be treated in different security levels. Clear criteria to estimate the required security level or transfer to a less secure setting are not yet available. A literature review shows that, of the few instruments that are used internationally, the DUNDRUM and the HoNOS-Secure are the most promising.
AIM: To investigate whether these instruments can be used in Flemish forensic psychiatric settings.
METHOD: DUNDRUM-1 scores were collected for 150 internees. The psychometric qualities of the scale were examined. In a subpopulation, the DUNDRUM-1 was compared with the HoNOS-Secure.
RESULTS: The psychometric properties of the DUNDRUM-1 were good and exceeded those of the HoNOS-Secure.
CONCLUSION: The DUNDRUM-1 is an instrument that can help clinicians and judges to better - and in a more transparent way - substantiate their decision-making to secure care. However, further research regarding the practical applicability is needed.


Assuntos
Psiquiatria Legal/métodos , Transferência de Pacientes , Psicometria/normas , Violência , Bélgica , Tomada de Decisões , Humanos , Violência/psicologia
17.
Arq. bras. psicol. (Rio J. 2003) ; 71(2): 130-149, mai.-ago 2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS, Index Psicologia - Periódicos técnico-científicos | ID: biblio-1015012

RESUMO

As distorções cognitivas são erros lógicos de pensamentos que podem alterar a realidade do sujeito, causando possíveis sintomas depressivos. O objetivo do estudo foi construir um instrumento intitulado de Escala de Distorções Cognitivas Depressivas (EDICOD) e buscar evidências de validade baseada no conteúdo e estrutura interna, utilizando análise fatorial exploratória e o modelo da Teoria de Resposta ao Item (TRI). Na etapa de construção do estudo, participaram oito juízes e 27 estudantes de graduação para uma aplicação piloto para adequação dos itens. Posteriormente, 459 indivíduos, divididos entre sujeitos não clínicos e clínicos com diagnóstico de depressão, de ambos os sexos, com faixa etária entre 18 e 60 anos. Após as análises psicométricas, a escala ficou reduzida com 36 itens, divididos em três fatores interpretáveis, sendo esses, Abstração seletiva/personalização (F1), Inferência arbitrária/maximização e minimização (F2) e por último, Pensamento dicotômico/hipergeneralização (F3). Assim, a EDICOD apresentou ser um instrumento adequado de rastreio das principais distorções cognitivas, principalmente para possível uso em ambiente clínico


Cognitive distortions are logical errors of thoughts that can alter the subject's reality, causing possible depressive symptoms. The purpose of the study was to construct an instrument titled Depression Cognitive Distortion Scale (EDICOD) and to seek evidence of validity based on content and internal structure using exploratory factorial analysis and the Item Response Theory (TRI) model. In the construction phase of the study, eight judges and 27 undergraduate students participated in a pilot application to adjust the items. Subsequently, 459 individuals, divided between non-clinical and clinical subjects with a diagnosis of depression, of both sexes, aged between 18 and 60 years, participated. After the psychometric analysis, the scale was reduced to 36 items, divided into three interpretable factors: Selective abstraction/personalization (F1), arbitrary inference/maximization and minimization (F2), and finally, dichotomous thinking/hypergeneralization (F3). Thus, EDICOD presented an adequate tool for screening the main cognitive distortions, mainly for possible use in clinical settings


Las distorsiones cognitivas son errores lógicos de pensamientos que pueden alterar la realidad del sujeto, causando posibles síntomas depresivos. El objetivo del estudio fue construir un instrumento titulado de Escala de Distorsiones Cognitivas Depresivas (EDICOD) y buscar evidencias de validez basada en el contenido y la estructura interna, utilizando análisis factorial exploratorio y el modelo de la Teoría de Respuesta al Ítem (TRI). En la etapa de construcción del estudio, participaron ocho jueces y 27 estudiantes de graduación para una aplicación piloto para adecuación de los ítems. Posteriormente, 459 individuos, divididos entre sujetos no clínicos y clínicos con diagnóstico de depresión, de ambos sexos, con rango de edad entre 18 y 60 años. Después de los análisis psicométricos, la escala se redujo con 36 ítems, divididos en tres factores interpretables, siendo éstos, Abstracción selectiva/personalización (F1), Inferencia arbitraria/maximización y minimización (F2) y por último, Pensamiento dicotómico/hipergeneralización (F3). Así, la EDICOD presentó ser un instrumento adecuado de rastreo de las principales distorsiones cognitivas, principalmente para posible uso en ambiente clínico


Assuntos
Humanos , Testes Psicológicos , Psicometria , Transtornos Cognitivos , Transtorno Depressivo
18.
Nord J Psychiatry ; 73(6): 331-339, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264926

RESUMO

Background: A new short-term risk assessment instrument, the Mechanical Restraint - Confounders, Risk, Alliance Score (MR - CRAS) checklist, including three subscales with altogether 18 items, has been developed in close collaboration with forensic mental health nurses, psychiatrists' etc., and shows evidence of being comprehensible, relevant, comprehensive and easy to use for assessing the patient's readiness to be released from mechanical restraint. Aim: The aim of this study was to investigate whether the subscales: confounders, risk and parameters of alliance constituted separate subscales and needed further revisions. Materials and methods: MR - CRAS was field-study tested among nurses, nurse assistants and social and health care assistants in 13 Danish closed forensic mental health inpatient units, and a Mokken analysis of scalability and a Spearman correlation analysis were performed. Results: MR - CRAS was completed by clinicians in 143 episodes of mechanical restraint, representing 88 patients, with a mean duration of 63.25 hours. Most patients were younger men, diagnosed within the schizophrenia spectrum. One-third of the patients had repeated mechanical restraint episodes ranging between 2 and 8 episodes. MR - CRAS and especially the parameters of alliance were perceived as usable for assessment of the patient's readiness to be released from mechanical restraint. The psychometric analyses showed that the three subscales were unidimensional. Conclusions: The study shows evidence of the construct validity of MR - CRAS among clinicians at closed forensic mental health inpatient units. MR - CRAS contributes with a common language and structured, systematic and transparent observations and assessments on an hour by hour basis during mechanical restraint.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Restrição Física/psicologia , Medição de Risco/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Pacientes Internados/psicologia , Masculino , Enfermagem Psiquiátrica/métodos , Psicometria
19.
Work ; 63(3): 469-477, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The phenomenon of cyberbullying is on the rise among adolescents and in schools. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between personality characteristics such as empathy, the tendency to implement cognitive mechanisms aimed at moral disengagement, and the use of social media. PARTICIPANTS: Italian students from first to fifth year in high school classes (n = 264). METHODS: A questionnaire was used to gather information on the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, their use of social media, their level of empathy (Basic Empathy Scale, BES), and mechanisms of moral disengagement (Moral Disengagement Scale MDS). Two questions were included to determine whether each participant had ever been a victim of or witness to cyberbullying. RESULTS: Results suggest that offensive behaviors are related to mechanisms of moral disengagement and to interaction using forms of communication that allow anonymity. In addition, offensive behavior appears to be related to forms of Internet addiction, while prosocial behavior is linked with cognitive empathy. CONCLUSION: In order to promote the establishment of prosocial behavior, it would seem necessary for the various players involved - schools, parents, social network developers - to make an effort to implement educational environments and virtual social networks based on a hypothesis of "design for reflection", educating young people about the need to take the time to understand their feelings and relationships expressed via social media.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Ajuda , Mídias Sociais , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Masculino , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
Work ; 63(3): 325-334, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no assessment tools for measuring coping strategies for stress at work in the Korean language. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to translate the Latack Coping Scale to workplace stress into Korean and examine its psychometric properties in a Korean working population. METHODS: Translation of the the Latack Coping Scale was performed according to the scientific guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation. Two hundred and forty one general workers in Korea completed the new Korean version of the Latack Coping Scale as well as the Type D Personality Scale-14 (negative affectivity). Psychometric properties (reliability and validity) were evaluated. RESULTS: Factor analysis yielded a model that was consistent with the originally proposed subscales of the questionnaire. Good to excellent internal consistency and measurement consistency over a one week interval were obtained for five subscales (Cronbach's alpha; 0.61 to 0.86 and ICC (2.2); 0.80 to 0.87). Escape coping scales were positively associated with Type D personality while control coping scales were negatively associated with Type D personality. CONCLUSIONS: This Korean version of the Latack Coping Scale has shown excellent validity and reliability in the Korean working population. Organizations investigating work stress and coping methods in Korean workers can use this instrument with confidence.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/classificação , Psicometria/normas , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Estresse Psicológico/classificação , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tradução
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