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1.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 140, 2021 Sep 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34521473

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Attachment insecurity is a prominent risk factor for the development and course of psychiatric and psychosomatic disorders. The Experiences in Close Relationships - Revised (ECR-R) questionnaire is a widely used self-report to assess attachment related anxiety and avoidance. However, its length has the potential to restrict its use in large, multi-instrument studies. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a brief version of the ECR-R, and provide norm values for the German population. METHODS: A screening version of the original ECR-R was developed through principal components analysis of datasets from several previous studies. In a representative sample of 2428 randomly selected individuals from the German population, we compared fit indices of different models by means of confirmatory factor analyses (CFA). We investigated the convergent validity of the screening version in an independent convenience sample of 557 participants. Correlations between the short and the full scale were investigated in a re-analysis of the original German ECR-R evaluation sample. RESULTS: CFA indicated a satisfactory model fit for an eight-item version (ECR-RD8). The ECR-RD8 demonstrated adequate reliability. The subscales correlated as expected with another self-report measure of attachment in an independent sample. Individuals with higher levels of attachment anxiety, but especially higher levels of attachment avoidance were significantly more likely to not be in a relationship, across all age groups. Correlations between the short and the full scale were high. CONCLUSIONS: The ECR-RD8 appears to be a reliable, valid, and economic questionnaire for assessing attachment insecurity. In addition, the reported population-based norm values will help to contextualize future research findings.


Assuntos
Relações Interpessoais , Apego ao Objeto , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Ann Palliat Med ; 10(8): 8709-8717, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488360

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Family resilience refers to the ability of a family to overcome life transitions, stress, or adversity. Unfortunately, Chinese nurses currently do not have a valid short-form instrument for determining family resilience. This study aimed to translate the Revised Walsh Family Resilience Questionnaire (WFRQ-R) into Chinese and determine its reliability and validity among stroke survivors and stroke family caregivers. METHODS: We translated the WFRQ-R into Chinese according to Brislin's translation guidelines, and conducted a questionnaire survey among stroke survivors and stroke family caregivers., in Jinzhou City, People's Republic of China. We conducted two rounds of the questionnaires. First, we conducted 400 questionnaires, including 394 effective questionnaires for item analysis and exploratory factor analysis. Secondly, we conducted 350 questionnaires, including 322 effective questionnaires for reliability analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. RESULTS: The instrument was found to have a Cronbach's α value of 0.83 and acceptable composite reliability coefficients. Moreover, content validity was determined to be good, and the three-factor model obtained during exploratory factor analysis (explaining 60.67% of the variance) and modified during confirmatory factor analysis (χ2/degrees of freedom =1.41; root mean square error of approximation =0.04; goodness-of-fit index =0.91) suggested an acceptable construct validity. CONCLUSIONS: The Chinese version of the WFRQ-R for stroke survivors and stroke family caregivers satisfied psychometric properties and can be used to assess family resilience throughout China.


Assuntos
Saúde da Família , Resiliência Psicológica , China , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
3.
Nurs Open ; 8(3): 1145-1156, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482656

RESUMO

AIM: To develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of postgraduate nursing student academic satisfaction scale (PNSASS). DESIGN: The mixed-method study was carried out in two phases; (a) item generation by hybrid concept analysis and (b) item reduction by psychometric evaluation of the developed scale. METHODS: The initial item pool (N = 209) was prepared based on concept analysis results and similar instruments. A total of 402 postgraduate nursing students willingly participated in online data gathering from August 2019 to May 2020. The validity (face, content and construct) and reliability (stability and internal consistency) of the scale were assessed. RESULTS: Exploratory factor analysis identified that the scale had four factors which explained 64.80% of the total extracted variance. The results of confirmatory factor analysis showed a good model fit. The reliability of scale was strong to excellent. The results showed that the PNSASS has suitable validity and reliability properties, which can be used to measure the academic satisfaction of postgraduate nursing students.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Enfermagem , Humanos , Satisfação Pessoal , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
4.
Nurs Open ; 8(3): 1089-1097, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34482664

RESUMO

AIM: To develop and initially validate the Diabetes Self-Stigma Scale for assessing self-stigma in people with diabetes. DESIGN: Scale development and evaluation. METHODS: Participants were 399 patients with diabetes. In phase 1, initial items were generated based on the concept analysis of diabetes self-stigma. Moreover, content validity was established by diabetes experts. Phase 2 evaluated structural validity through item analysis, exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis. Reliability was evaluated by examining stability and internal consistency. RESULTS: The findings revealed that the self-stigma scale for patients with diabetes is a valid and reliable instrument. The Diabetes Self-Stigma Scale was confirmed with 16 items. It consists of four domains: comparative inability, social withdrawal, self-devaluation and apprehensive feeling. The scale developed in this study can measure self-stigma in diabetes patients and can be used as an intervention to reduce self-stigma.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Estigma Social , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
BMC Med Educ ; 21(1): 472, 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34488731

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In occupational therapy, empathy is a fundamental concept and has a positive impact on health and quality of care outcomes for patients. It is a basic and essential concept that should prevail in the training of occupational therapy students. The aim of this study is to validate and cross-culturally adapt the Jefferson Medical Empathy Scale, version for health professionals (JSE-HPS) in a sample of Spanish university students of occupational therapy. METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted between 2019 and 2020. A convenience sample was selected, consisting of 221 students from the four courses of the Occupational Therapy degree at the Universidad Rey Juan Carlos during the 2019-20 academic year. Each of the participants voluntarily and anonymously completed a sociodemographic data sheet (including age and sex), in addition to the following assessment scales: JSE-HPS and the Interpersonal Reactivity Index (IRI). RESULTS: A culturally adapted version of the JSE-HPS that guarantees conceptual and grammatical equivalence specific to the study population was obtained. The psychometric analysis of the translated version showed a Cronbach coefficient α of 0.786. The test-retest reliability analysis showed an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.90 (95% CI = 0.86-0.93, p < 0.0001). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed positive results (χ2 = 269.095, df = 167, p < 0.001, Confirmatory Fit Index [CFI] = 0.90, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation [RMSEA] = 0.04). CONCLUSION: The cultural adaptation and psychometric results suggest that the Spanish version of the JSE-HPS is a valid and reliable way to evaluate the empathic ability of occupational therapy students.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional , Estudantes de Ciências da Saúde , Estudos Transversais , Empatia , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(35): e26821, 2021 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34477119

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Although reminiscence therapy alleviates mental illness and improves quality of life in neurocognitive disorders patients, little study reports its clinical application in cancer patients. Thus, this study aimed to explore the effect of reminiscence therapy on anxiety, depression, quality of life, and survival profile in postoperative gastric cancer patients.One hundred sixty surgical gastric cancer patients were enrolled in this randomized, controlled study, then randomly assigned to Reminiscence therapy group (N = 80) and Control group (N = 80) as 1:1 ratio. The evaluation was carried at baseline (M0), month 3 (M3), month 6 (M6), month 9 (M9), and month 12 (M12) after intervention by Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer quality of life Questionnaire-Core 30 (QLQ-C30). Furthermore, disease-free survival and overall survival were analyzed using follow-up data.Reminiscence therapy decreased HADS for anxiety score at M6, M9, and M12, decreased anxiety rate at M9 and M12 compared to control care; while it did not affect HADS for depression score or depression rate at any time-point. Also, reminiscence therapy raised QLQ-C30 global health status score at M12, reduced QLQ-C30 symptoms score at M6, while did not affect QLQ-C30 function score at any time-point compared to control care. Reminiscence therapy did not affect disease-free survival and overall survival, either. Further subgroup analyses (divided by age and gender) observed that the effect of reminiscence therapy seemed more obvious in patients with age ≤60 years and male patients.Reminiscence therapy exhibits alleviation of anxiety and improvement of quality of life in postoperative gastric cancer patients.


Assuntos
Ansiedade/terapia , Psicoterapia de Grupo/normas , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Idoso , Ansiedade/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Psicoterapia/normas , Psicoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/métodos , Psicoterapia de Grupo/estatística & dados numéricos , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother ; 49(5): 361-376, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34503361

RESUMO

Psychodynamic conflicts: Development of a questionnaire for the assessment by patients and their therapists Abstract. The OPD-CA conflict questionnaire represents a means of recording modes of coping with unconscious conflicts according to the Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnostics (OPD-CA) for patients and their therapists. To select the items for the conflict questionnaire, we combined the expert ratings and psychometric quality criteria using a sample of 427 adolescents (53.6 % patients) and 44 therapists. The short version contains 28 items, which include 7 intrapsychic conflicts and their active and passive coping modes (total ICC = .855; p < .001). We found expected differences between healthy and clinically abnormal adolescents with a higher level of conflicts among outpatients. A comparison of the therapist's version with two different methods (assessment according to the sheet in OPD-CA and the conflict questionnaire) produced consistent assessments of the same patient both in the expert assessment (total ICC = .861; p < .001) and from the point of view of 52 participants in two OPD-KJ training courses (total ICC = .825; p < .001).


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Conflito Psicológico , Adolescente , Humanos , Psicometria , Inquéritos e Questionários
8.
Georgian Med News ; (316-317): 107-113, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34511455

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to validate the Armenian language version of the COMQ-12 quality of life (QL) instrument among teenagers with chronic otitis media (COM). A case-control study was conducted in 350 teenagers aged 16 to 18 years: the case group of patients with COM (120) and the control group of practically healthy teenagers (230). Study participants' quality of life was assessed by specific COMQ-12 (Chronic Otitis Media Questionnaire-12) and not specific SF-36 (The Short Form-36) questionnaires. Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) instrument has been used to assess the effect of COM on the emotional field of the patients. The expressiveness of cognitive function was assessed by the Montreal Cognitive Assessment test (MoCA). According to the research data among risk factors which had statistically significant influence on COM morbidity rate in teenagers were: presence of disabled person in a family (OR=8,8), unfavorable psychological atmosphere in the family (OR=2,9), presence of accompanying chronic disease in teenagers (OR=2,1) and presence of chronic ENT diseases in parents (OR=2,1). Use of the non-specific questionnaire showed that COM mostly influences on psychological component of Mental Healthdomain of QL, as well as Social Functioning. The average score of QL in the group with COM was 28,3, and in the practically healthy group it was 3,4 (Mann-Whitney U=1725,0; р <0,01). COM mostly influences on the following scales of the COMQ-12 questionnaire: Q-3, Q-4, Q-6, Q-8, Q-9 Q-12.There was a statistically significant correlation between the parameters of COMQ-12 and SF 36 questionnaires for the following questions: Q-4, Q-6, Q-8, Q-9, Q-12. Anxiety and depression symptoms were recorded in 52,2% of teenagers in the group of cases and in 13,4% in the control one (p<0.001). The correlation analysis has shown that among the patients with COM there is an association between anxious-depressive disorders and cognitive dysfunction. COMQ-12 questionnaire used for the first time in Armenia population among the teenagers with COM showed high reliability, internal consistency and construct validity.


Assuntos
Otite Média , Qualidade de Vida , Adolescente , Armênia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Humanos , Idioma , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
9.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 426, 2021 08 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34465319

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic has greatly impacted people's lives across a broad spectrum of psychosocial domains. We report the development and psychometric evaluation of the self-report COVID-19 Pandemic Mental Health Questionnaire (CoPaQ), which assesses COVID-19 contamination anxiety, countermeasure necessity and compliance, mental health impact, stressor impact, social media usage, interpersonal conflicts, paranoid ideations, institutional & political trust, conspiracy beliefs, and social cohesion. Further, we illustrate the questionnaire's utility in an applied example investigating if higher SARS-Cov-2 infection rates in psychiatric patients could be explained by reduced compliance with preventive countermeasures. METHODS: A group of 511 non-clinical individuals completed an initial pool of 111 CoPaQ items (Open Science Framework: https://osf.io/3evn9/ ) and additional scales measuring psychological distress, well-being, and paranoia to assess construct validity and lifetime mental health diagnosis for criterion validity. Factor structure was determined by exploratory factor analyses and validated by conducting confirmatory factor analysis in the accompanying longitudinal sample (n = 318) and an independent psychiatric inpatient sample primarily admitted for major depressive-, substance abuse-, personality-, and anxiety disorders (n = 113). Internal consistency was assessed by Cronbach's Alpha and McDonald's Omega. For the applied research example, Welch t-tests and correlational analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Twelve out of 16 extracted subscales were retained in the final questionnaire version, which provided preliminary evidence for adequate psychometric properties in terms of factor structure, internal consistency, and construct and criterion validity. Our applied research example showed that patients exhibited greater support for COVID-19 countermeasures than non-clinical individuals. However, this requires replication in future studies. CONCLUSIONS: We demonstrate that the CoPaQ is a comprehensive and valid measure of the psychosocial impact of the pandemic and could allow to a degree to disentangle the complex psychosocial phenomena of the pandemic as exemplified by our applied analyses.


Assuntos
COVID-19 , Transtorno Depressivo Maior , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , SARS-CoV-2 , Inquéritos e Questionários
10.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3657-3670, 2021.
Artigo em Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468660

RESUMO

The organization of health systems in Health Care Networks (HCN) presents itself as a strategy to overcome the fragmentation of maternal and child health actions and services and to qualify care management. The objective of this study was to validate the Instrument for Evaluation of Maternal and Child Health Care Networks (IARAMI), adapted from the Evaluation Tool of Health Care Networks. The validation process comprised face and construct validation. The methodology used for face validation included the conceptual and semantic adaptation of the instrument and analysis by a panel of experts, through the modified consensus e-Delphi technique. After face validation, IARAMI was applied in a sample of 99 health managers of municipalities in the state of Paraná. The construct validation was conducted through the internal consistency analysis using Cronbach's alpha coefficient and factorial analysis. The factorial analysis technique was applied to each of the dimensions of the instrument, enabling the analysis of communalities. The results showed that IARAMI presented reliability and validity, proving to be a tool that can help managers and health workers in the planning, management, and evaluation of the degree of integration of the maternal and child care network.


Assuntos
Cuidado da Criança , Pessoal de Saúde , Brasil , Criança , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Cien Saude Colet ; 26(suppl 2): 3693-3704, 2021.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468663

RESUMO

In the cross-cultural adaptation of instruments, the qualitative component of adaptation is generally poorly reported, sometimes being superficially addressed. In this study we aimed to describe the qualitative component of the cross-cultural adaptation process and to demonstrate validity evidence based on test content of the Recovery Self-Assessment-RSA-R Family/Brazil. We conducted a qualitative study that included the steps of preparation, translation, back-translation, expert's assessment, workshop with a researcher from Yale University, and two pilot studies involving family members of patients attended at mental health services. Among the results, we found considerable validity evidence based on test content with a percentage of agreement above 80%. Pilot studies contributed to accentuating this evidence, assisting in the cultural adequacy of the statements and in the operational equivalence of the instrument. The adaptation process of the RSA-R Family/Brazil proved to be complex. From this experience, we concluded that presenting validity evidence based on test content is important to ensure the applicability tools to the target culture. The instrument will still be evaluated as for psychometric characteristics through statistical techniques.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Autoavaliação (Psicologia) , Brasil , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
12.
J Assoc Physicians India ; 69(4): 11-12, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34470185

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep quality is poorly understood in the Indian population. Lack of a suitable tool to assess sleep quality in Hindi language is the main reason behind this. Pittsburg sleep quality index (PSQI) is widely used in different population groups to assess subjective sleep quality over last one month. OBJECTIVES: To assess the reliability and validity of the Hindi translated version of Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI-H). gt;Methods: The PSQI-H was developed from PSQI according to following steps: (a) translation, (b) back-translation, (c) comparison between translation and back-translation performed by a group of experts, and (d) pre-pilot test in intended population. The PSQI-H was applied to 105 bilingual individuals knowing Hindi and English. The internal consistency of PSQI-H was assessed by Cronbach's alpha. For test-retest reliability assessment intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) was measured between PSQI-H at baseline and PSQI after 4 weeks. The Pearson's coefficient was used to assess the correlation between the score of the questions and the PSQI-H scores. RESULTS: The seven components of PSQI-H shows acceptable level of internal consistency with Cronbach's alpha of 0.776. There is good test-retest reliability between PSQI-H and PSQI as measured by ICC of 0.979. The score of individual items and global scores of PSQI-H were highly correlated with each other (p< 0.001). The mean of the seven individual components score and global scores of PSQI-H at baseline and original PSQI after 4 weeks did not differ significantly. CONCLUSION: This study results demonstrate that the PSQI-H is a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of sleep quality. PSQI-H can be used for the assessment of sleep quality in the predominantly Hindi speaking population.


Assuntos
Idioma , Sono , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(1): e20200647, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495127

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to carry out translation, cross-cultural adaptation to Portuguese and assess the reliability of the four versions of the Coronary Revascularization Outcome Questionnaire - adapted. METHODS: a methodological study of translation and cross-cultural adaptation into Portuguese, as proposed by Beaton et al., and reliability analysis, by calculating Cronbach's alpha coefficient and item-total correlation of the four versions of the Coronary Revascularization Outcome Questionnaire - adapted. RESULTS: the adaptations made facilitated the understanding of the items. All domains had Cronbach's alpha above 0.70, except two in the post-percutaneous coronary intervention version and two in the post-myocardial surgical revascularization version. All items had item-total correlation values greater than 0.20, except two in the post-percutaneous coronary intervention version, one in the pre-coronary intervention version and six in the post-myocardial surgical revascularization version. CONCLUSION: the cross-cultural adaptation to Portuguese was considered satisfactory. Pre-procedure versions were considered reliable, while the post-procedures require other psychometric analyses.


Assuntos
Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Qualidade de Vida , Comparação Transcultural , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
14.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 75(1): e20201320, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495134

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To translate and adapt the eHealth Literacy Scale for the cultural reality of Brazil and to evaluate the psychometric properties of its Brazilian Portuguese version. METHODS: The instrument was translated and adapted to Brazilian Portuguese and applied to a sample of 502 individuals from 18 to 80 years old who lived in the surrounding areas of six Family Health Units of a city in the countryside of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. The data was evaluated using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, item response theory, and instrument reliability measures (Cronbach's alpha and McDonald's omega). RESULTS: The eHealth Literacy Scale - Brazilian version (eHEALS-Br) presented an excellent internal consistency (α = 0.95 e ω = 0.95), with only one dimension and an explained variation of 81.79%. CONCLUSIONS: The Brazilian version of the instrument showed excellent psychometric properties to measure the levels of digital health literacy in adults from the country.


Assuntos
Letramento em Saúde , Telemedicina , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Brasil , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 74(suppl 6): e20210032, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34495215

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: to validate, for the Portuguese population, the Clinical Decision-Making Nursing Scale© (CDMNS©). METHODS: this methodological study involved 496 nursing students who filled in a questionnaire created using sociodemographic and academic data, and the scale to evaluate the making of decisions in nursing. RESULTS: the confirmatory factorial analysis showed that the adjustment of the factorial structure has good quality, being made up by three factors (X2/gl = 2.056; GFI = 0.927; CFI = 0.917; RMSEA = 0.046; RMR = 0.039; SRMR = 0.050). For the scale to be reliable, it had to include only the reliability of the scale required it to be constituted by 23 items, with correlation values that varied from 0.184 and 0.610, and a global Cronbach's Alpha of 0.851, which showed its good reliability. CONCLUSIONS: the CDMNS-PT© is valid and reliable, showing a high potential to be used in clinical practice and investigation.


Assuntos
Estudantes de Enfermagem , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
16.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 29: e3466, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês, Português, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34468623

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Work Limitations Questionnaire and to measure presenteeism in a sample of nursing workers. METHOD: a cross-sectional study, with non-probabilistic sampling. Data was collected between July 2018 and February 2019 in two high-complexity hospitals, and the sample was composed of 304 participants. The validity analysis of the Work Limitations Questionnaire was performed by means of Confirmatory Factor Analysis. RESULTS: most of the participants were women (88.5%), with a mean age of 40.9 years old. The validities of the factorial, convergent and discriminant construct and the reliability of the complete version and of the 16-item version of the instrument were adequate after adjusting the models to the sample. A statistically significant and negative correlation (p<0.001) was verified between the workload, working time and the Time Management and Physical Demands dimensions; as well as a statistically significant (p<0.001) correlation between working time and the Mental-Interpersonal Demands and Production Demands dimensions. Gender and professional category did not influence presenteeism. The rate of loss of productivity at work was 19.51%. CONCLUSION: the Work Limitations Questionnaire showed adequate validity and reliability and can be considered a valid and reliable instrument for assessing presenteeism in the nursing team.


Assuntos
Presenteísmo , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
BMC Health Serv Res ; 21(1): 961, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the validation and optimization of a new instrument designed to comprehensively measure and evaluate the quality of care in nursing homes; the Quality Evaluation Questionnaires for Nursing Homes (QEQ-NH). This instrument comprises several questionnaires on the perceived quality of care for various perspectives (e.g. clients, family and professional caregivers) and covers eight themes of the national quality framework for nursing home care in the Netherlands. METHODS: Data were collected in six nursing homes between September 2017 and June 2018, among 359 residents, 48 family caregivers and 648 professional caregivers who completed a subgroup-specific questionnaire of the QEQ-NH. Construct and criterion validity of the three questionnaires were tested with item- and scale analyses. Content validity of the questionnaires was tested in cognitive interviews with 20 participants (7 residents, 5 family caregivers and 8 professional caregivers). RESULTS: Psychometric analyses confirmed the multidimensionality and reliability of the three questionnaires, and the cognitive interviews showed various possibilities for further optimization of the instrument. Construct, criterion and content validity of the three questionnaires ranged from acceptable to good. Cronbach's alphas were > .70 for almost all scales. More than half of the items were candidate for optimization according to the cognitive interviews, mainly due to clarity or knowledge problems, and the questionnaires of the QEQ-NH were optimized accordingly. CONCLUSIONS: The Quality Evaluation Questionnaires for Nursing Homes (QEQ-NH) provide a solid basis to measure the quality of nursing home care, by covering the national quality themes and by integrating the various perspectives of all parties involved. With real-time feedback, the instrument provides the management and care teams with information to select possibilities or areas for improvement and to continuously monitor the effects of quality improvement in nursing homes.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Casas de Saúde , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
BMC Psychol ; 9(1): 139, 2021 Sep 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34517907

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This is the validation of the Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis-Structure Questionnaire (OPD-SQ). METHODS: A clinical sample of 399 adults and a nonclinical general population sample of 50 healthy adults completed measures of depression, attachment, psychiatric symptomatology and distress. Internal consistency and concurrent validity were assessed. Test-retest and Reliable Change Index were also calculated, as was the ability of the OPD-SQ to distinguish between the clinical and general population groups. RESULTS: High internal consistencies were found; significant differences between clinical and nonclinical samples, and significant associations with psychiatric symptomatology, depression and psychological distress. CONCLUSION: The Chilean OPD-SQ has good reliability, and discriminates between clinical and healthy samples.


Assuntos
Transtornos da Personalidade , Personalidade , Adulto , Nível de Saúde , Humanos , Transtornos da Personalidade/diagnóstico , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Front Public Health ; 9: 621991, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34485208

RESUMO

Introduction: Nursing environment is a vast concept that traditionally has included a wide range of job characteristics and has been related to burnout and job satisfaction. For its measurement, the Practice Environment Scale of the Nursing Work Index (PESNWI) stands out. However, shorter instruments are needed. The purpose of the study is to develop and test the Brief Nurses' Practice Environment (BNPE) Scale. Methods: The BNPE Scale was developed and tested in a sample of 210 Spanish nurses (data collection 2018). Results: Cronbach's alpha was 0.702. The confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), with an excellent fit, offered evidence of internal validity. Regarding validity, the BNPE Scale predicted both burnout and job satisfaction. Finally, evidence pointed out a cutoff score of <12 for low levels of practice environment and a cutoff score of >15 for higher levels in practice environment. Conclusions: The BNPE Scale is a short, easy-to-use measure that could be employed in major batteries assessing the quality of healthcare institutions.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros , Esgotamento Profissional/epidemiologia , Humanos , Satisfação no Emprego , Psicometria
20.
BMJ Open ; 11(9): e048875, 2021 09 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34493514

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Caregiver contribution (CC) is important for the self-care behaviors of chronic disease individuals, as it could enhance patient outcomes. Therefore, it is necessary to assess this CC by using a good validity and reliability instrument. The Caregiver Contribution to Self-Care Chronic Illness Inventory (CC-SC-CII) was designed to assess CC to self-care behaviors of patients with chronic illness in Italy. However, it was unclear whether this tool had sound psychometrics properties in the context of Chinese culture. Therefore, we performed the cross-cultural adaption of the CC-SC-CII and we tested its psychometric properties among Chinese caregivers of patients with chronic disease. DESIGN: A cross-sectional observational design. SETTINGS: Participants were recruited from communities and institutions in Pingdingshan, Henan Province, China. PARTICIPANTS: 301 caregivers of care recipients with chronic disease completed the Chinese version of the CC-SC-CII (C-CC-SC-CII). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The content validity index of items (I-CVI), the scale content validity index-average (S-CVI/Ave), exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), internal consistency and item analysis were tested. RESULTS: The range of I-CVI was between 0.833 and 1.00, and the score of S-CVI was 0.991. In CFA, the C-CC to self-care monitoring scale had satisfactory fit indices. However, the C-CC to self-care maintenance and management scales had unsupported fit indices. The reliability coefficients of C-CC-SC-CII were 0.792, 0.880 and 0.870 for its three scales. Item-total correlations were all over 0.590. Test-retest reliability showed that the range of intraclass correlation coefficients was from 0.728 to 0.783. CONCLUSION: The C-CC-SC-CII has sound psychometrics characteristics and is a culturally appropriate and reliable instrument for assessing CC to the self-care behaviours of patients with chronic disease in China.


Assuntos
Cuidadores , Autocuidado , China , Doença Crônica , Comparação Transcultural , Estudos Transversais , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
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