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1.
BMC Oral Health ; 20(1): 21, 2020 01 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31992291

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The current study was performed; to validate the Arabic version of WHO child oral health assessment tool (A-OHAT), to assess the oral health status of Arab school children and finally to identify the important risk factors associated with the poor teeth and gum conditions of school children. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with two-staged simple random sampling technique was implemented. A-OHAT, a self-assessment tool was subjected to psychometric analyses with the respondents being high school children. The Cronbach's alpha and the Intra class correlation values were computed. Paired t-test was performed to identify the differences between the readings after repeated administration, followed by the analysis for convergent validity. This tested Arabic-WHO Child-OHAT was administered to collect the data. Univariate, bivariate and logistic regression analyses were performed to report on the potential risk factors associated with poor teeth and poor gum conditions of school children. RESULTS: Psychometric analyses revealed that the Arabic Child Oral Health Assessment Tool (A-OHAT) was reliable and valid. A total of 478 (N) high school children were subjected to the tested tool, of which 66.5% were male and 33.5% were female with a mean age of 16.28 + 1.04 years. 80.3% of school children had poor teeth condition and 36.2% of school children had often experienced toothache. Children had 1.5 times higher odds of having poor teeth condition if they had increased frequency of sweet and candy consumption. It was also seen that increased frequency of sweets and candy consumption by school children had put them at nearly 20% higher risk of having poor gum condition. Finally, children with the habit of using toothbrush had nearly 50% lower chance of having poor gum condition in contrast to the school children who do not use toothbrush. CONCLUSION: To conclude, the study provides a reliable and valid tool to assess the oral health status of Arab adolescents. Improper oral hygiene habits and diet were identified as the plausible risk factors for poor teeth and gum condition.


Assuntos
Árabes , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal/normas , Saúde Bucal , Higiene Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adolescente , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Doenças da Boca/diagnóstico , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Arábia Saudita , Autorrelato , Odontopatias/diagnóstico , Traduções
2.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 244, 2019 11 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31718686

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To develop an Italian version of the Craniofacial Pain Disability Inventory (CFPDI-I) and investigate its psychometric abilities in patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMD). METHODS: The CFPDI was translated following international standards. The psychometric analyses included reliability by internal consistency (Cronbach's alpha) and test/retest stability (intraclass correlation coefficient, ICC); construct validity was investigated by matching (a priori hypotheses) the CFPDI-I with the Italian Neck Disability Index (NDI-I), a pain intensity numerical rating scale (NRS), the Italian Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS-I), the Italian Tampa Scale of Kinesiophobia (TSK-I), and the Italian Migraine Disability Assessment Score Questionnaire (MIDAS) (Pearson's correlation). Alpha was set at 0.05. RESULTS: Two hundred and twelve patients with chronic TMD completed the tool. The questionnaire was internally consistent (α = 0.95) and its stability was good (ICCs = 0.91). As hypothesised, validity figures showed CFPDI-I strongly correlated with the NDI-I (r = 0.66, p < 0.05) and moderately correlated with the NRS (r = 0.48, p < 0.05), PCS (r = 0.37, p < 0.05), TSKI (r = 0.35, p < 0.05) and MIDAS (r = 0.47, p < 0.05). Similar estimates were shown by CFPDI-I subscales. CONCLUSIONS: The cross-culturally adapted version of the Craniofacial Pain and Disability Inventory (CFPDI-I) showed satisfactory psychometric properties that replicate those of the original version and, therefore, can be implemented in the clinical assessment of Italian people affected by TMD.


Assuntos
Dor Crônica/diagnóstico , Comparação Transcultural , Dor Facial/diagnóstico , Medição da Dor/normas , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Dor Crônica/etiologia , Avaliação da Deficiência , Humanos , Itália , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
3.
Afr J Reprod Health ; 23(3): 79-95, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31782634

RESUMO

The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the London Measure of Unplanned Pregnancy (LMUP) among female sex workers (FSWs) in Uganda. The LMUP was translated into Luganda and adapted for use with FSWs and underwent cognitive testing and two field tests. From the final Luganda LMUP, three other language versions were created (Acholi, Lugisu and Runyakole), and preliminary field test data were collected. Final data were collected from 819 FSWs attending the 'Most at Risk Population Initiative' clinics. The Luganda field testing showed that there were no missing data, the scale was well targeted, Cronbach's alpha was 0.82, weighted Kappa was 0.78, measurement was unidimensional, and all construct validity hypotheses were met. Likewise, with the Acholi, Lugisu, and Runyankole translations, field testing showed that there were no missing data, the scales were well targeted, Cronbach's alpha were<0.70, and measurement was unidimensional. We concluded that the Luganda LMUP is a valid and reliable tool for assessing pregnancy planning among FSWs in Uganda and that the Acholi, Lugisu, and Runyankole versions of the LMUP also had good initial psychometric properties.


Assuntos
Intenção , Gravidez não Planejada/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Profissionais do Sexo/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tradução , Uganda
4.
Percept Mot Skills ; 126(6): 1158-1177, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31403894

RESUMO

This research aimed to adapt the Psychological Need Thwarting Scale for use in the Spanish physical education (PE) context and to examine its psychometric properties with secondary school students. Participants were 459 secondary school PE students (206 boys and 253 girls, Mage = 15.41, SDage = 1.05). A confirmatory factor analysis supported an 11-item three-factor correlated model that remained invariant across gender and age. Internal consistency analysis showed adequate values for autonomy (α = .79, ρ = .80, average variance extracted [AVE] = .50), competence (α = .85, ρ = .86, AVE = .61), and relatedness (α = .86, ρ = .86, AVE = .68) need frustration. Temporal stability analysis displayed appropriate values for autonomy (intraclass correlation coefficient [ICC] = .81), competence (ICC = .89), and relatedness (ICC = .78) need frustration. Structural equation modeling showed that, while psychological need satisfaction positively predicted autonomous motivation (ß = .72, p < .001), psychological need frustration positively predicted controlled motivation (ß = .43, p < .001) and amotivation (ß = .48, p < .001). The adapted Psychological Need Thwarting Scale was shown to be a valid and reliable measure for assessing psychological need frustration in Spanish secondary school students.


Assuntos
Comparação Transcultural , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde , Educação Física e Treinamento , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudantes/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Feminino , Frustração , Humanos , Masculino , Competência Mental , Motivação , Autonomia Pessoal , Satisfação Pessoal
5.
Dan Med J ; 66(6)2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256773

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Strengths and Difficulties Ques-tion-naire (SDQ) is a brief well-validated psychometric instrument for assessment of developmental, behavioural and emo-tional problems in children and adolescents. Versions of the questionnaire covering the 2-17-year age range are an-swered by parents and by pedagogues or teachers. Also, a self-report version can be used from the age of 11 years. The SDQ is well-accepted by informants and is increasingly preferred both internationally and in Denmark for research and evaluation purposes. The questionnaire is also well-suited for clinical use, especially in the primary sector. However, no comprehensive set of Danish norms has been available before this study. METHODS: Data from an extensive survey in a Danish municipality was used to generate national norms for SDQ scores. These norms were compared with British and Nordic population data. RESULTS: Across informants, threshold values show some variation with age and often differ between sexes. Therefore, norms are provided both with and without gender stratification. Similarities as well as differences were found between the Danish norms and materials from other countries. The differences may, to some extent, be attributable to methodological issues. CONCLUSION: We expect that the availability of Danish SDQ norms will further stimulate the use of the instrument. FUNDING: TrygFonden provided financial support for the development of Danish SDQ norms. TRIAL REGISTRATION: not relevant.


Assuntos
Sintomas Afetivos/diagnóstico , Sintomas Afetivos/epidemiologia , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/epidemiologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Sintomas Afetivos/psicologia , Criança , Transtornos do Comportamento Infantil/psicologia , Pré-Escolar , Dinamarca , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Valores de Referência , Autorrelato
6.
Oral Dis ; 25(7): 1744-1750, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31295368

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Though xerostomia is a frequent oral symptom, there is no validated disease-specific questionnaire in German. The purpose of this study was to translate and validate versions of the Xerostomia Inventory and the Summated Xerostomia Inventory in a German-speaking population. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Thirty-nine patients including 18 patients suffering from radiation-induced xerostomia enrolled in this study. Both questionnaires were translated into German language according to international accepted guidelines. For validation, we evaluated reliability, validity, and responsiveness using the COSMIN manual for cross-cultural adaptation. RESULTS: Cronbach's α was 0.92 for XI and 0.91 for SXI, showing both high internal consistency. Patients suffering from xerostomia showed significantly higher average scores demonstrating its discriminant validity. Confirmatory factor analysis showed excellent "goodness-of-fit" values for SXI and good to moderate values for XI, confirming the assumed factor structures. The Xerostomia Inventory and its summated version both showed excellent test-retest reliability in the non-xerostomia group (ICC = 0.85 and 0.84). CONCLUSIONS: The XI and SXI in their cross-cultural adapted versions are the first validated self-report assessments for xerostomia in German language. They are characterized by practical design and can be easily interpreted by the treating physician.


Assuntos
Saúde Bucal , Psicometria/métodos , Qualidade de Vida , Lesões por Radiação/diagnóstico , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Traduções , Xerostomia/diagnóstico , Endoscopia , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Xerostomia/etiologia , Xerostomia/psicologia
7.
Health Care Women Int ; 40(10): 1101-1116, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335306

RESUMO

Our aim was to develop a framework-based weight control behavior questionnaire (Weight-CuRB) and test its psychometric properties among a non-probability sample of 240 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Appropriate validity, simplicity, functionality and reliability were observed for the Weight-CuRB. The explanatory model fits the data well (χ2 [139] = 245.835, p < .001, CFI = 0.950, NFI = 0.901, IFI = 0.950, RMSEA = 0.057[(0.045-0.068]). To our knowledge, this was the first study to develop and validate a framework-based instrument aiming at cognitive needs assessment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The weight-CuRB may be useful in addressing the core cognitive determinants of weight control among the patients.


Assuntos
Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Motivação , Osteoporose Pós-Menopausa/psicologia , Pós-Menopausa , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Idoso , Índice de Massa Corporal , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Controles Informais da Sociedade , Ganho de Peso
8.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 458, 2019 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31345257

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The Childbirth Experience Questionnaire (CEQ) is a Sweden origin, self-administered questionnaire to assess birth satisfaction of women in different aspects of their first labour and birth. It measures four main domains of the woman's childbirth experience. Those are own capacity, professional support, perceived safety and participation, comprising of 22 items. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a linguistic translation, to conduct a validation study and to assess the psychometric properties of the Sinhala version of the CEQ.


Assuntos
Parto Obstétrico/psicologia , Trabalho de Parto/psicologia , Parto/psicologia , Satisfação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Participação do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Gravidez , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Sri Lanka , Suécia , Traduções
9.
AIDS Behav ; 23(Suppl 2): 172-182, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31350712

RESUMO

Supporting resilience among people living with HIV (PLHIV) is crucial to their sustained uptake of HIV services as well as psychological and social wellbeing. However, no measures exist to assess resilience specifically in relation to living with HIV. We developed the PLHIV Resilience Scale and evaluated its performance in surveys with 1207 PLHIV in Cameroon, Senegal and Uganda as part of the PLHIV Stigma Index-the most widely used tool to track stigma and discrimination among PLHIV worldwide. Factor analyses demonstrated satisfactory psychometric properties and reliability (alphas = 0.81-0.92). Levels of resilience (e.g., whether one's self-respect has been positively, negatively, or not affected by one's HIV status) varied substantially within and across countries. Higher resilience was associated with less depression in each country (all p < 0.001), and, in Cameroon and Uganda, better self-rated health and less experience of stigma/discrimination (all p < 0.001). The final 10-item PLHIV Resilience Scale can help inform interventions and policies.


Assuntos
Infecções por HIV/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Resiliência Psicológica , Estigma Social , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Camarões , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Infecções por HIV/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Senegal , Discriminação Social/psicologia , Uganda
10.
Psychol Assess ; 31(10): 1234-1246, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31259572

RESUMO

In four studies, we document the development and validation of the Emotional Style Questionnaire (ESQ)-a 24-item self-report measure that captures how people vary across 6 dimensions that make up a healthy emotional life. These 6 dimensions (Outlook, Resilience, Social Intuition, Self-Awareness, Sensitivity to Context, and Attention) are based on a theoretical framework drawn from neuroscientific studies of emotion. Study 1 reports the development of the ESQ and provides initial support for the proposed factorial structure of the scale. Study 2 confirms the adequacy of the factorial structure in a second sample and establishes the construct validity of each of the 6 subscales. In Study 3, we test the relationship between the ESQ as a measure of healthy emotionality and various indicators of psychological and physical well-being. Finally, Study 4 investigates the test-retest reliability of the scale and reveals very good reliability across an interval of 4 weeks. We conclude that the ESQ is a psychometrically solid and easily implementable instrument that can be used to gauge healthy emotionality and its components in both clinical and research settings. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Atenção , Emoções , Resiliência Psicológica , Percepção Social , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Intuição , Masculino , Saúde Mental , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoimagem , Autorrelato , Inquéritos e Questionários
11.
Occup Ther Int ; 2019: 6397425, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31191183

RESUMO

Background: Play is essential to child development, and its evaluation is considered valid to indicate the stage of development of the child and indicate possible lagging. The Revised Knox Preschool Play Scale (RKPPS) provides an evolving description of the typical play behavior of preschool children, in six-month periods from zero to three years of age and then in annual periods up to six years of age. The RKPPS has already undergone the process of cultural adaptation for use in the Brazilian population, and it is necessary to analyze its applicability. Aims: To verify the reliability and internal consistency of the RKPPS for Brazilian children. Method: 135 children participated in the study, divided into different age groups with 15 in each group, and were filmed during free play in school or home contexts. Two independent raters evaluated the footage from two different times. Based on these evaluations, a statistical analysis was carried out in order to ascertain the reliability and the internal consistency of the Brazilian version of the RKPPS. Results: Intra- and interrater reliability showed a predominance of near-perfect to moderate agreement; however, some dimensions of certain age groups presented reasonable to poor agreement. The internal consistency was found to be satisfactory for most of the items evaluated; however, there were items with poor results in some dimensions of certain age groups. Conclusions: There is a need for further analysis of these items by a committee of experts to ensure the reproducibility of the instrument.


Assuntos
Terapia Ocupacional/normas , Jogos e Brinquedos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Brasil , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Percepção Espacial , Tradução
12.
Psychol Addict Behav ; 33(6): 567-573, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31192622

RESUMO

The 20-item Partner Interaction Questionnaire (PIQ-20) is frequently used to assess social support for adults wanting to stop smoking. Given that social support may play a significant role in quitting success, there is a need to understand the structure and psychometric properties of assessment instruments designed to measure the construct of partner support. The current study examined the psychometric properties of the PIQ-20 when used to assess the frequency of partner behaviors. The study participants included 380 adult volunteers (M age = 41 years, SD = 12; 58% male). To assess internal consistency, we used both the traditional coefficient-alpha and the latent variable modeling composite reliability (coefficient-ρ) procedures. We conducted independent factor analytic methods to address issues of dimensionality and scoring of responses to the PIQ-20 items. Also, we used an item response theory modeling procedure to examine the specificity of scores on the items. Reliability estimates for the PIQ-20 subscale scores were adequate (values ≥.70). The bifactor analysis supported deriving a total score for each subscale. Item response theory modeling demonstrated that the discrimination (a-slope) parameter for each subscale item was significantly different from zero. The majority of items were associated strongly with their respective subscales. Twelve items were identified that could be adopted as a potential short form of the PIQ-20. The PIQ-20 or short form provides an opportunity for assessing positive and negative partner support simultaneously. There is empirical support for the dimensional structures and scoring of responses for both versions of the instrument. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Fumar/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Abandono do Hábito de Fumar/psicologia , Apoio Social
13.
Afr Health Sci ; 19(1): 1811-1820, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31149012

RESUMO

Background: Patient activation is a central concept in chronic illness care model. Activated patients have ability and willingness to manage their health. Objective: Aim of this study was to test the reliability and validity of a Patient Activation Measure. Methods: Research sample consisted of 130 patients who had diabetes, hypertension or rheumatoid arthritis. Data was collected through socio-demographic information form and a Patient Activation Measure (PAM). Reliability and validity of PAM were analyzed. Results: Internal consistency reliability coefficient of the PAM was α: .81. Correlation coefficients between item and total scale scores varied from .38 to .66. Result of explanatory factor analysis Kaiser Meyer Olkin coefficient was .75 and Barlett test was x2: 646.870; p: 0. 000. Result of confirmatory factor analysis, model fit indexes were x2/df: 1.59, RMSEA: 0.071, CFI: 0.96, NNFI: 0.95. The result of Rasch analysis, reliability coefficient varied from 0.83 to 0.87 and in validity assesment, item fit statistics for INFIT varied from 0.68 to 1.53 and for OUTFIT varied from 0.65 to 1.54. Conclusion: PAM has enough validy and reliability for use in determining activation scores and level of the patients in Turkey. It could be used in planing appropriate interventions for the activation level and help to improve self management.


Assuntos
Doença Crônica/psicologia , Participação do Paciente/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Idoso , Artrite Reumatoide/psicologia , Artrite Reumatoide/terapia , Doença Crônica/terapia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/psicologia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/terapia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/psicologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Traduções , Turquia
14.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0217249, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31150438

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: First, to assess the psychometric properties of key questions included in a public sector evaluation of primary dental care in Brazil; and second, to evaluate the performance of dental teams in relation to these items. METHODS: Secondary analysis of a national primary care dataset monitoring quality and access to dental care. Data were collected through face-to-face interviews with representatives of dental teams participating in the 'National Programme for Improving Access and Quality of Primary Care'. Twenty-three mandatory questions about the dentists' reported delivery of dental procedures were included in the analysis. Item Response Theory (IRT) modelling was applied to measure the psychometric properties of the instrument-level of difficulty and discrimination parameter of each item-and then to estimate dental team performance scores based on these parameters. Based on IRT, possible scores ranged from -4 to +4. RESULTS: Three of the 23 mandatory items were removed due to poor internal consistency, resulting in a scale of 20 items for assessing dental team performance. The results showed variation in procedures delivered by the dental teams; whilst more than a half of the procedures were executed by at least 80% of the dental teams, those relating to dentures (partial/total) and frenectomy (lingual/labial) were performed by less than 30%. Amongst the 20 items included in the model, those related to partial/total dentures and oral cancer follow-up presented higher levels of difficulty and were less frequently provided. The items relating to the treatment of deciduous teeth and access to the dental pulp of permanent teeth had the highest discrimination parameters and, consequently, greater weight in the performance's score estimation; therefore, dental teams that did not perform these items had the lowest performance scores. In the present study, dental team performance scores ranged from -3.66 to +1.87 with a mean/median of -0.06/+0.01. CONCLUSION: The findings suggest that whilst the items within the instrument demonstrated some potential to discriminate between poor and very poor teams, they were ineffective in discriminating between poor and good teams. Whilst Brazilian dental teams perform many mandatory procedures, variation in the nature of their delivery of care requires further investigation to enhance service provision to the population.


Assuntos
Assistência Odontológica/psicologia , Assistência Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Odontólogos/psicologia , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Atenção Primária à Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Dentaduras/psicologia , Dentaduras/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Work ; 63(2): 283-289, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31156209

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: PTSD is associated with high levels of vocational difficulty, and research on relationships between PTSD and vocational adjustment may be relevant to vocational rehabilitation services to achieve optimal outcomes. Veteran perception of ability to cope with stressors in the workplace setting may play a role in rehabilitation outcome. OBJECTIVE: This article outlines preliminary steps in the development of the Vocational Efficacy in Trauma Survivors Scale (VETSS), to measure perceived efficacy in managing PTSD symptoms in the workplace. This has potential to expand future options for research in vocational rehabilitation for veterans with PTSD. METHODS: Veterans in outpatient treatment for PTSD at a large, mid-western Veterans Affairs Health Care System facility responded to items on the proposed instrument and items on other measures of vocational and psychological functioning to assess the potential validity of items for an instrument to measure vocational self-efficacy among veterans managing PTSD. RESULTS: In a sample of 63 working veterans who receive outpatient care for PTSD, exploratory factor analysis identified two viable subscales, one tapping Workplace Coping, and another tapping Self-Disclosure. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary findings indicate that the measure demonstrated acceptable indications of reliability and validity, suggesting promise for future use in vocational rehabilitation research.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Percepção , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/complicações , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Minnesota , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Reabilitação Vocacional/métodos , Reabilitação Vocacional/psicologia , Reabilitação Vocacional/estatística & dados numéricos , Autoeficácia , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estados Unidos , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/organização & administração , United States Department of Veterans Affairs/estatística & dados numéricos , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas
16.
PLoS One ; 14(5): e0216769, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31112580

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Fall is common after stroke. The Short-form Physiological Profile Assessment (S-PPA) was developed to assess the fall risks and underlying physiological factors, and it has been used in healthy older adults and older adults with stroke. This study aimed to establish the psychometric properties of the S-PPA among cognitively intact and ambulant community-dwelling older adults with stroke. METHODS: The S-PPA, Chinese version of the Activities-specific Balance Confidence (ABC-C) scale and 3 balance measures, namely the Berg Balance Scale (BBS), Timed "Up & Go" (TUG) and Functional Reach Test (FRT), were administered. Inter- and intra-rater reliability were assessed at baseline and after a 1-week interval, respectively. The validity of the S-PPA was assessed through correlations with balance measures and the ABC-C and by comparing the S-PPA scores between the stroke and healthy groups and between fallers and non-fallers in the stroke group. A receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to assess the ability of balance measures to distinguish fall status in the stroke group. RESULTS: The S-PPA yielded good inter-rater (intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) = 0.83) and moderate intra-rater reliability (ICC = 0.74), correlated significantly with the 3 balance measures (rho = 0.49-0.70) and ABC-C (rho = 0.35) and revealed significant differences between stroke survivors and controls and between stroke survivors with and without a fall history. However, the ROC analysis revealed that the S-PPA had a poor ability to distinguish the fall statuses of community-dwelling stroke survivors. CONCLUSIONS: The S-PPA is reliable and valid for evaluating fall risks but cannot adequately distinguish the fall statuses of stroke survivors.


Assuntos
Acidentes por Quedas , Equilíbrio Postural/fisiologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/fisiopatologia , Acidentes por Quedas/prevenção & controle , Acidentes por Quedas/estatística & dados numéricos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Vida Independente , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Curva ROC , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores de Risco , Sobreviventes
17.
Sch Psychol ; 34(5): 479-491, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31045408

RESUMO

Because academic, behavioral, and social difficulties are highly prevalent among U.S. high school students, teacher report is a critical component of comprehensive screening and assessment of adolescents. Currently available teacher questionnaires have limited utility in high school settings because of time demands and lesser opportunity to observe a wide variety of student behaviors relative to elementary school teachers. The School Functioning Scale (SFS) is a 9-item measure designed to efficiently obtain teacher perceptions of specific indicators of student performance across academic, behavior, and social functioning. Online SFS ratings were collected for 799 9th through 12th grade high school students (50% female) from 400 teachers (63.7% female). Teachers also reported each student's subject grades and percentage of assignments completed within the past month. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses indicated a general factor and three-factor structure for the SFS: academic, behavior, and social factors. The general factor demonstrated adequate levels of internal consistency and evidence of convergent validity. Findings regarding the group factors less robust. The factor structure was consistent across age, gender, and ethnicity groups. Normative data along with suggested cut-points for screening and assessment purposes are provided. Findings support the potential use of SFS teacher ratings for multimethod assessment and, possibly, screening and treatment evaluation. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2019 APA, all rights reserved).


Assuntos
Desempenho Acadêmico/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Problema , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Instituições Acadêmicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Social , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Professores Escolares
18.
J Coll Physicians Surg Pak ; 29(6): 541-544, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31133153

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the difference between mean sleep (PSQI) scores in the patients with head and neck tumours with and without the psychiatric morbidity; and assess the associated socio-demographic factors. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad, from May to November 2017. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and seventy patients suffering from the tumours of head and neck region were analysed in this study, which were treated in the E.N.T Department. Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to record the sleep quality of the study participants. General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12) was used to look for the presence of psychiatric morbidity among these patients. Mean sleep scores were compared in the patients with and without the presence of psychiatric morbidity. Relationship of the socio-demographic factors was also studied with the presence of poor sleep quality among the study participants. RESULTS: A total of 170 patients filled the PSQI; out of them, 58 (34.1%) had scores lying within the range of normal sleep quality while 112 (65.9%) had insufficient quality of sleep. One hundred and eight (63.5%) patients had significant psychiatric morbidity; whereas, 62 (36.5%) had no psychiatric morbidity on GHQ-12. Mean PSQI score in patients without psychiatric morbidity was (6.2 ±3.2) while in the patients with psychiatric morbidity was 9.4 ±4.6 (p <0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients suffering from head and neck tumours showed high frequency of both poor sleep quality and psychiatric morbidity. Patients with presence of psychiatric morbidity or who had undergone surgical resection of tumour should be routinely screened for the sleep problems.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/complicações , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/epidemiologia , Sono/fisiologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/epidemiologia , Neoplasias de Cabeça e Pescoço/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Morbidade , Paquistão/epidemiologia , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transtornos do Sono-Vigília/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
19.
Cuad. psicol. deporte ; 19(2): 1-11, mayo 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-183265

RESUMO

El objetivo de este trabajo fue adaptarse interculturalmente y examinar las propiedades psicométricas de la Performance Perfectionism Scale for Sport(PPS-S) para uso en la población brasileña. Este instrumento fue basado en el modelo teórico de Hewitt y Flett y desarrollado por Hill, Appleton y Mallinson para medir el perfeccionismo en un contexto específico del desempeño deportivo. La validación del instrumento siguió las directrices para adaptaciones transculturales de instrumentos de medidas en ciencias de la salud. Después de la adaptación cultural de la escala original en inglés, el instrumento fue aplicado en 953 atletas (15-16 años) de ambos sexos. El modelo original de la escala fue probado, con análisis factorial confirmatorio, utilizando el software LISREL (versión 9.30). Los resultados mostraron un ajuste satisfactorio con 3 factores y 9 ítems (χ2 = 116,15 p <0,001, RMSEA = 0,063, GFI = 0,974, AGFI = 0,961, NFI = 0,937, CFI = 0,928, NNFI = 915, χ2 / gl = 4,83). Las pruebas satisfactorias de consistencia interna también se generaron a través del análisis de cargas factoriales y valores t.Contrariamente, los índices de alfa de Cronbach y confiabilidad compuesta no fueron adecuados en la variable latente que se refiere al perfeccionismo auto-orientado. La varianza media extractada carecía de buen ajuste y sólo asumió validez convergente en uno de los tres factores del instrumento.La validez discriminante también sugiere evidencia poco contundente y, por lo tanto, más estudios con otras muestras de atletas son necesarios para evaluar de forma más adecuada las propiedades psicométricas del instrumento y afirmar su uso adecuado


O objetivo destetrabalho foi adaptar-se Interculturalmenteeexaminar as propriedades psicométricas da Escala de Perfeccionismo no Desempenho Esportivo (Performance Perfectionism Scale for Sport). Este instrumento, baseado no modelo teórico de Hewitt e Flett, foi desenvolvido por Hill, Appleton e Mallinson para medir o perfeccionismo no contexto específico do desempenho esportivo. A validação do instrumento seguiu as diretrizes para adaptações transculturais de instrumentos de medidas em ciências da saúde. Após a adaptação cultural da escala original em inglês, os dados foram coletados de 953 atletas (15-16 anos) de ambos os sexos. O modelo original da escala foi testado, com análise fatorial confirmatória, utilizando o software LISREL (versão 9.30). Os resultados revelaram um ajuste satisfatório com 3 fatores e 9 itens (χ2 = 116,15 p <0,001, RMSEA = 0,063, GFI = 0,974, AGFI = 0,961, NFI = 0,937, CFI = 0,928, NNFI =. 915, χ2 / gl = 4,83). Testes satisfatórios de consistência interna também foram gerados através da análise de cargas fatoriais e valores t. Contrariamente, os índices dos testes de alfa de Cronbach's e confiabilidade composta não foram adequados na variável latente que se refere ao perfeccionismo auto-orientado. A variância media extraída careceu de bom ajuste e só assumiu validade convergente em um do três fatores do instrumento. A validade discriminante também sugere evidencia pouco contundente e, portanto, mais estudos com outras amostras de atletas são necessários para avaliar de forma mais adequada as propriedades psicométricas do instrumento e afirmarseu uso adequado


The objective of this work was to adapt and validate psychometrically the Performance Perfectionism Scale for Sport (PPS-S)for use in the Brazilian population. This instrument was based on the theoretical model of Hewitt and Flett and developed by Hill, Appleton and Mallinson to measure perfectionism in a specific context of sports performance. The validation of the instrument followed the guidelines for transcultural adaptations of health science measurement instruments. After the intercultural adaptation of the original scale in English, the data were collected from 953 athletes (15-16 years old) of both sexes. The original scale model was tested with confirmatory factorial analysis using the LISREL software (version 9.30). The results revealed a satisfactory fit with 3 factors and 9 items (χ2 = 116.15 p <0.001, RMSEA = 0.063, GFI = 0.974, AGFI = 0.961, NFI = 0.937, CFI = 0.928, NNFI = 915, χ2 / gl = 4.83). Satisfactory tests of internal consistency were also generated through the analysis of factorial loads and t-values. In contrast, Cronbach's alpha test scores and composite reliability were not adequate for the latent variable that refers to self-oriented perfectionism. The extracted mean variance lacked a good fit and only assumed convergent validity in one of the three factors of the instrument. Discriminant validity also suggests little conclusive evidence and, therefore, more studies with other samples of athletes are necessary to better evaluate the psychometric properties of the instrument and to assert its adequate use


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Psicometria/instrumentação , Perfeccionismo , Comportamento Competitivo , Esportes/psicologia , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil/epidemiologia , Desempenho Atlético/psicologia
20.
Gen Hosp Psychiatry ; 58: 83-93, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026732

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimism, or positive expectations about the future, is associated with better health. It is commonly assessed as a trait, but it may change over time and circumstance. Accordingly, we developed a measure of state optimism. METHODS: An initial 29-item pool was generated based on literature reviews and expert consultations. It was administered to three samples: sample 1 was a general healthy population (n = 136), sample 2 was people with cardiac disease (n = 96), and sample 3 was persons recovering from problematic substance use (n = 265). Exploratory factor analysis and item-level descriptive statistics were used to select items to form a unidimensional State Optimism Measure (SOM). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was performed to test fit. RESULTS: The selected seven SOM items demonstrated acceptable to high factor loadings on a single dominant factor (loadings: 0.64-0.93). There was high internal reliability across samples (Cronbach's alphas: 0.92-0.96), and strong convergent validity correlations in hypothesized directions. The SOM's correlations with other optimism measures indicate preliminary construct validity. CFA statistics indicated acceptable fit of the SOM model. CONCLUSIONS: We developed a psychometrically-sound measure of state optimism that can be used in various settings. Predictive and criterion validity will be tested in future studies.


Assuntos
Otimismo/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Felicidade , Cardiopatias/psicologia , Cardiopatias/reabilitação , Humanos , Individualidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Psicometria/estatística & dados numéricos , Valores de Referência , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/psicologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/reabilitação , Adulto Jovem
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