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1.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 98(44): e17764, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31689836

RESUMO

While stress is known to cause many diseases, there is no established method to determine individuals vulnerable to stress. Sasang typology categorizes humans into four Sasang types (So-Eum, Tae-Eum, So-Yang, and Tae-Yang), which have unique pathophysiologies because of their differential susceptibilities to specific stimuli, including stress. The purpose of this study was to determine if Sasang typology can be used identify individuals who are vulnerable to stress by evaluation of heart rate variability (HRV).This was a cross-sectional study. A total of 399 healthy men and women aged 30 to 49 years were recruited. Physical examinations for stress included HRV measurement and blood tests. The subjects also completed questionnaires about psychological stress, self-awareness, and lifestyle. HRV was analyzed using frequency-domain analysis. Subjects were divided into So-Eum (SE) and non-So-Eum (non-SE) groups according to their diagnosis.The weight and body mass index in the SE group were significantly lower than those in the non-SE group (both, P = .000). There were no significant between-group differences in any other demographic variables. In HRV analysis, the normalized high frequency (nHF) was higher (P = .008) while the normalized low frequency (nLF; P = .008) and LF:HF ratio (LF/HF; P = .002) were lower in the SE group than in the non-SE group.Although there was no difference in variables affecting HRV, HRV values were significantly different between groups. The LF/HF value for the SE group was at the lower limit of the normal range, although there were no associated clinical problems. These findings suggest that individuals with the SE type are more susceptible to stress than those with the other types. Thus, middle-aged individuals who are vulnerable to stress can be identified using Sasang typology.


Assuntos
Suscetibilidade a Doenças/diagnóstico , Frequência Cardíaca/fisiologia , Medicina Tradicional Coreana/métodos , Psicometria/métodos , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Índice de Massa Corporal , Estudos Transversais , Suscetibilidade a Doenças/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Somatotipos/psicologia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
Rev Lat Am Enfermagem ; 27: e3170, 2019.
Artigo em Português, Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31596407

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: to translate, adapt and test the psychometric properties of the Brazilian Nurse-Work Instability Scale. METHOD: this was a methodological study following the translation steps: synthesis, back-translation, specialist´s committee, semantics analysis, pretest, and psychometric tests. The committee was composed of 5 specialists. For the semantics analysis, 18 nursing workers evaluated the instrument and 30 pretested it. For the psychometric tests, the sample size was 214 nursing workers. The internal construct validity was analyzed by the Rasch model. Reliability was assessed using internal consistency, and concurrent validity with Pearson's correlation between the Nurse-Work Instability Scale, and the Work Ability Index, Job Stress Scale. RESULTS: a Nurse-Work Instability Scale in Brazilian Portuguese with 20 items showed an adequate reliability (0.831), stability (p <0.0001), and an expected correlation with Work Ability Index (r = -0.526; P<0.0001) and Job Stress Scale (r = 0.352; p <0.0001). CONCLUSION: the instrument is appropriated to detect work instability in Brazilian nursing workers with musculoskeletal disorders. Its application is fundamental to avoid long-term withdrawal from work by early identification of the work instability. Furthermore, the scale can assist the development of actions and strategies to prevent the abandonment of the profession of nursing workers affected by musculoskeletal disorders.


Assuntos
Emprego/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Saúde do Trabalhador/normas , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Carga de Trabalho/psicologia , Adulto , Brasil , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/organização & administração , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Traduções , Avaliação da Capacidade de Trabalho , Local de Trabalho/organização & administração
3.
Z Gerontol Geriatr ; 52(Suppl 4): 264-272, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628612

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Acutely ill older patients with cognitive impairment represent a major subgroup in acute care hospitals. In this context, communication plays a crucial role for patients' well-being, healthcare decisions, and medical outcomes. As validated measures are lacking, we tested the psychometric properties of an observational instrument to assess Communication Behavior in Dementia (CODEM) in the acute care hospital setting. As a novel feature, we were also able to incorporate linguistic and social-contextual measures. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were drawn from a cross-sectional mixed methods study that focused on the occurrence of elderspeak during care interactions in two German acute care hospitals. A total of 43 acutely ill older patients with severe cognitive impairment (CI group, Mage ± SD = 83.6 ± 5.7 years) and 50 without cognitive impairment (CU group, Mage ± SD = 82.1 ± 6.3 years) were observed by trained research assistants during a standardized interview situation and rated afterwards by use of CODEM. RESULTS: Factor analysis supported the expected two-factor solution for the CI group, i.e., a verbal content and a nonverbal relationship aspect. Findings of the current study indicated sound psychometric properties of the CODEM instrument including internal consistency, convergent, divergent, and criterion validity. CONCLUSION: CODEM represents a reliable and valid tool to examine the communication behavior of older patients with CI in the acute care hospital setting. Thus, CODEM might serve as an important instrument for researcher and healthcare professionals to describe and improve communication patterns in this environment.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Observação do Comportamento/instrumentação , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Comunicação , Cuidados Críticos , Demência/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Alemanha , Hospitais , Humanos , Pacientes Internados , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
4.
Ann Agric Environ Med ; 26(3): 420-424, 2019 Sep 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31559797

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Depressive disorders are one of the most common psychiatric disorders. Recognition of signs of mental health disorders is not always easy, hence the availability of simple and accurate tools for assessing them is very important in the practice of primary care. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess the theoretical accuracy and reliability of the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) in Polish conditions, when applied to general population studies for adults aged between 35-64. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study comprised a population of 4,040 people. Women constituted 59% of the research population and people living in the countryside 65%. The average age of participants was 53.45 ± 7.05 years. According to PHQ-9, 727 people (18.0%) had moderate, moderate to severe or severe depression. PHQ-9 showed a significant positive internal cohesion (Cronbach's alpha = 0.77), and factor charges oscillated between 0.43-0.63, and the R2 coefficients of determination were in the range of 0.21-0.40. CONCLUSIONS: The Polish version of PHQ-9 is a valid tool for diagnosing depression in the general population aged 35-64. Good psychometric properties and compactness make the PHQ-9 a useful clinical and research tool.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Questionário de Saúde do Paciente/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Adulto , Depressão/diagnóstico , Feminino , Humanos , Linguagem , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Polônia , Psicometria/instrumentação
5.
BMC Psychol ; 7(1): 58, 2019 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470909

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Perceived stress reflects a person's feeling of how much stress the individual is under at a given time. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) is a popular instrument measuring the extent to which individuals perceive situations in their life as excessive relative to the ability to cope. Based on a literature review, however, several issues related to the scale remain: (a) the dimensionality is not established, (b) little information about the individual items exists, and (c) much research is based on university student samples. To address these, this study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the Perceived Stress Scale (KPSS) using a military sample. METHODS: This study was conducted in South Korea with 373 military personnel, aged 19-30 years. Both classical test theory (CTT) and the Rasch rating scale model were used to examine the psychometric properties of the KPSS, including factor structure, concurrent validity, reliability, and item analyses. RESULTS: Internal consistency reliability for the overall and negative/positive perception subscales was.85, .85 and .86, respectively. Based on Rasch reliability, person and item reliability were .82 and .98, respectively. Person and item separation were 2.13 and 7.19, respectively. Concurrent validity was established, with significantly positive association with the measures of depression and negative association with the measure of life satisfaction. Findings from the CFA suggested that a bifactor model with two group factors was the best fit to the observed data. The RSM showed that all but one item had acceptable infit and outfit statistics, and item difficulty ranged from -.73 to 1.22. Besides, the RSM showed positive and moderate inter-item correlations ranging from .42 to .75. CONCLUSIONS: The results provided evidence that a 10-item Korean version of the Perceived Stress Scale was a reliable and valid scale to measure perceived stress in military samples.


Assuntos
Militares , Testes Psicológicos , Estresse Psicológico/diagnóstico , Adulto , Depressão/diagnóstico , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto Jovem
6.
Res Nurs Health ; 42(5): 358-368, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31410868

RESUMO

Most nurses in Korea work rotating shifts, an important contributor to fatigue. The Occupational Fatigue Exhaustion Recovery (OFER) Scale assesses work-related fatigue among nurses. In this study, we aimed to translate and culturally adapt the Korean version of this scale (OFER-K) with nurses working rotating shifts in Korea. Instrument adaptation was performed using committee-based translation, cognitive interviewing, and expert panel interviewing. Criterion validity, convergent validity, construct validity, internal consistency, and test-retest reliability were examined as psychometric properties of the OFER-K. An online survey was completed by 331 nurses; 107 of these nurses completed a second survey after 1 month to assess test-retest reliability. The overall Cronbach's alpha was 0.88. The correlation between participants' initial and retest responses for the total scale was 0.64 (p < .001). The chronic fatigue subscale was stable over time, t(106) = -1.76, p = .08. Criterion and convergent validity were supported by correlations between the OFER-K scale and the Chalder Fatigue Questionnaire, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, and Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. Confirmatory factor analysis showed a good fit using a three-factor model. The findings of this study showed that the OFER-K scale is a reliable and valid instrument for assessing chronic fatigue, acute fatigue, and inter-shift recovery in Korean nurses. Future research using this scale may lead to a better understanding of the antecedents and consequences of nurse fatigue and could provide important information to nurse researchers, administrators, and policymakers for developing interventions to reduce nurse fatigue.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional/diagnóstico , Fadiga/diagnóstico , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem no Hospital/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Traduções
7.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(2): 53-64, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184730

RESUMO

Social networks websites, and specially the LinkedIn platform, have changed the landscape of recruitment and personnel selection to a unified organizational process. Thus, apart from using LinkedIn as a recruitment tool, professionals also use it to make evaluative inferences regarding the individual characteristics of the candidates (e.g., their personality). However, most of the research focused on LinkedIn has left aside the evidence about its validity for decision making in the work setting. In our study we analyze the criterion oriented validity of LinkedIn incumbents professional profiles (N = 615) in the information and communication technology (ICT) sector with some measures of job performance. The results show four major factors underlying LinkedIn profiles about professional experience, social capital, updating knowledge, and non-profesional information. These factors are significantly related to productivity, absenteeism, and the potential for professional development. These findings are discussed in light of their theoretical and practical implications


Las redes sociales, y especialmente la plataforma LinkedIn, están convirtiendo la función de reclutamiento y selección de personal en un proceso cada vez más unificado. Además de como herramienta de reclutamiento, los profesionales utilizan esta plataforma para hacer inferencias de evaluación sobre las características individuales de los candidatos, aunque la mayoría de las investigaciones han dejado de lado el análisis de su validez para la toma de decisiones en el entorno laboral. En nuestra investigación hemos estudiado los perfiles profesionales en LinkedIn de trabajadores del sector de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación (N = 615), y su validez orientada a criterios de desempeño laboral. Los resultados muestran cuatro factores principales que subyacen a los perfiles de LinkedIn: experiencia profesional, capital social, actualización de conocimientos e información complementaria. Estos factores están significativamente relacionados con la productividad, el absentismo y el potencial de desarrollo profesional. Estos hallazgos se discuten a la luz de sus implicaciones teóricas y prácticas


Assuntos
Humanos , Redes Sociais Online , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Competência Profissional , Psicometria/métodos , Controle de Qualidade , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/psicologia , Descrição de Cargo
8.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(2): 65-74, ago. 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184731

RESUMO

Over the years, various governmental, employment, and academic organizations have identified a list of skills to successfully master the challenges of the 21st century. So far, an adequate assessment of these skills across countries has remained challenging. Limitations inherent in the use of self-reports (e.g., lack of self-insight, socially desirable responding, response style bias, reference group bias, etc.) have spurred on the search for methods that could complement or even substitute self-report inventories. Situational judgment tests (SJTs) have been proposed as one of the complements/alternatives to the traditional self-report inventories. SJTs are low-fidelity simulations that confront participants with multiple domain-relevant situations and request to choose from a set of predefined responses. Our objectives are twofold: (a) outlining how a combined emic-etic approach can be used for developing SJT items that can be used across geographical regions and (b) investigating whether SJT scores can be compared across regions. Our data come from Laureate International Universities (N = 5,790) and comprise test-takers from Europe and Latin America who completed five different SJTs that were developed in line with a combined emic-etic approach. Results showed evidence for metric measurement invariance across participants from Europe and Latin America for all five SJTs. Implications for the use of SJTs as measures of 21st century skills are discussed


A lo largo de los años, varias organizaciones gubernamentales de empleo y académicas han identificado una lista de habilidades para superar con éxito los desafíos del siglo XXI. Hasta ahora, una evaluación adecuada de estas habilidades en los países ha continuado siendo un reto. Las limitaciones inherentes al uso de autoinformes (p. ej., falta de autoconocimiento, respuestas socialmente deseables, sesgo en el estilo de respuesta, sesgo del grupo de referencia, etc.) han estimulado la búsqueda de métodos que puedan complementar o incluso sustituir inventarios de autoinforme. Los tests de juicio situacional (TJS) se han propuesto como uno de los complementos/alternativas a los inventarios tradicionales de autoinforme. Los TJS son simulaciones de baja fidelidad que enfrentan a los participantes con múltiples situaciones de dominio relevantes y solicitan elegir entre un conjunto de respuestas predefinidas. Tenemos un doble objetivo: (a) explicar cómo se puede utilizar un enfoque emic-etic combinado para desarrollar ítems de TJS que se puedan emplear en todas las regiones geográficas y (b) investigar si las puntuaciones de los TJS se pueden comparar entre regiones. Nuestros datos provienen de las Laureate International Universities (N = 5,790) y están compuestos por examinandos de Europa y América Latina que cumplimentaron cinco TJS diferentes que se desarrollaron de acuerdo a un enfoque emic-ethic. Los resultados mostraron la existencia de invarianza en la medición en los participantes de Europa y América Latina para los cinco TJS. Se discuten las implicaciones para el uso de TJS como medida para detectar habilidades en el siglo XXI


Assuntos
Humanos , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Competência Profissional , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/psicologia , Descrição de Cargo , Psicometria/métodos , Testes Psicológicos , Autorrelato/classificação , Europa (Continente) , América Latina
9.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(2): 75-83, ago. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184732

RESUMO

Multidimensional forced-choice questionnaires are widely regarded in the personnel selection literature for their ability to control response biases. Recently developed IRT models usually rely on the assumption that item parameters remain invariant when they are paired in forced-choice blocks, without giving it much consideration. This study aims to test this assumption empirically on the MUPP-2PL model, comparing the parameter estimates of the forced-choice format to their graded-scale equivalent on a Big Five personality instrument. The assumption was found to hold reasonably well, especially for the discrimination parameters. In the cases in which it was violated, we briefly discuss the likely factors that may lead to non-invariance. We conclude discussing the practical implications of the results and providing a few guidelines for the design of forced-choice questionnaires based on the invariance assumption


Los cuestionarios de elección forzosa multidimensionales son bastante apreciados en la literatura de selección de personal por su capacidad para controlar los sesgos de respuesta. Los modelos de TRI desarrollados recientemente normalmente asumen que los parámetros de los ítems permanecen invariantes cuando se emparejan en bloques de elección forzosa, sin dedicarle mucha atención. Este estudio tiene como objetivo poner a prueba empíricamente este supuesto en el modelo MUPP-2PL, comparando las estimaciones de los parámetros del formato de elección forzosa con su equivalente en escala graduada, en un instrumento de personalidad Big Five. Se encontró que el supuesto se cumplía razonablemente bien, especialmente para los parámetros de discriminación. En los casos en los que no se cumplió se discuten brevemente los posibles factores que pueden dar lugar a no invarianza. Concluimos discutiendo las implicaciones prácticas de los resultados y proponiendo algunas pautas para el diseño de cuestionarios de elección forzosa basados en el supuesto de invarianza


Assuntos
Humanos , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Competência Profissional , Psicometria/métodos , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/psicologia , Descrição de Cargo , Autoeficácia , Interpretação Estatística de Dados , Comportamento de Escolha , Testes Psicológicos/estatística & dados numéricos
10.
Rev. psicol. trab. organ. (1999) ; 35(2): 85-92, ago. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-184733

RESUMO

Technological advances in assessment have radically changed the landscape of employee selection. This paper focuses on three areas where the promise of those technological changes remains undelivered. First, while new ways of measuring constructs are being implemented, new constructs are not being assessed, nor is it always clear what constructs the new ways are measuring. Second, while technology in assessment leads to much greater efficiency, there are also untested assumptions about effectiveness and fairness. There is little consideration of potential negative byproducts of contextual enhancement, removing human judges, and collecting more data. Third, there has been insufficient consideration of the changed nature of work due to technology when assessing candidates. Virtuality, contingent work arrangements, automation, transparency, and globalization should all be having greater impact on selection assessment design. A critique of the current state of affairs is offered and illustrations of future directions with regard to each aspect is provided


Los avances tecnológicos en la evaluación han cambiado radicalmente el panorama de la selección de empleados. Este estudio se enfoca en tres áreas en las que los cambios tecnológicos aún no se han producido. En primer lugar, mientras se están implementando nuevas formas de medir los componentes de la evaluación, estos nuevos componentes no se están evaluando, ni tampoco está claro qué componentes están midiendo los nuevos modelos. En segundo lugar, si bien la tecnología en la evaluación conduce a una eficiencia mucho mayor, también hay suposiciones no probadas sobre su eficacia e imparcialidad. Existe una escasa consideración de los posibles subproductos negativos de la mejora contextual, la eliminación de los juicios humanos y la recopilación de más datos. En tercer lugar, no se ha considerado suficientemente la naturaleza cambiante del trabajo debido a la tecnología a la hora de evaluar a los candidatos. La virtualidad, la supeditación a los acuerdos laborales, la automatización, la transparencia y la globalización deberían tener un mayor impacto en el diseño de la evaluación en selección. Se hace una crítica de la situación actual y se proporcionan ejemplos de directivas futuras con respecto a cada uno de estos aspectos


Assuntos
Humanos , Seleção de Pessoal/métodos , Competência Profissional , Habilidades para Realização de Testes/psicologia , Descrição de Cargo , Tecnologia da Informação/estatística & dados numéricos , Psicometria/métodos , Eficiência/classificação , Inovação
12.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 640-645, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269127

RESUMO

AIM: To demonstrate the relationship between religious/spiritual coping and hope in cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. METHOD: This is a cross-sectional, descriptive study with a quantitative approach performed in a reference outpatient clinic in Caruaru, PE, between August and October 2017. A total of 82 cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy were included in the study, using the brief religious/spiritual coping scale (RCOPE-Brief) and the Herth Hope Scale (HHS). RESULTS: The sample presented mean positive RCOPE scores (3.03 ± 0.41) and the level of hope was considered high (42.7 points ± 3.67). Patients who had a high RCOPE score were found to have a higher mean of Herth's level of hope (44.12 points). CONCLUSION: This study becomes relevant to nursing professionals by encouraging care that takes into account the patient's spiritual dimension in order to stimulate positive mechanisms of religious coping and, consequently, raise the levels of hope.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Esperança , Neoplasias/complicações , Espiritualidade , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Tratamento Farmacológico/métodos , Tratamento Farmacológico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Rev Bras Enferm ; 72(3): 663-670, 2019 Jun 27.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31269130

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Construct and validate instrument content for nursing consultation in an adult chemotherapy outpatient clinic. METHOD: Methodological study composed of two stages: elaboration of the instrument and validation of content. A literary review of the dimensions of customer care was carried out in the light of Theory of Basic Human Needs Theory, culminating in two instruments: one for admission consultation and other for follow-up. The content was validated by the evaluation of listed experts based on the adapted Fehring's Validation Model. RESULTS: In the first round, two items of the admission instrument and three items of follow-up required reformulation. In the second round, there was an increase in agreement rate: 11% in the instrument of admission and 10% in follow-up. FINAL CONSIDERATION: The instrument represents a guideline for the Nursing Process and future research, but it cannot be seen as a substitute for nurses' knowledge and clinical reasoning.


Assuntos
Retroalimentação , Cuidados de Enfermagem/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Grupos Focais/métodos , Humanos , Cuidados de Enfermagem/métodos , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Inquéritos e Questionários
14.
Work ; 63(3): 469-477, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256099

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The phenomenon of cyberbullying is on the rise among adolescents and in schools. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between personality characteristics such as empathy, the tendency to implement cognitive mechanisms aimed at moral disengagement, and the use of social media. PARTICIPANTS: Italian students from first to fifth year in high school classes (n = 264). METHODS: A questionnaire was used to gather information on the sociodemographic characteristics of the participants, their use of social media, their level of empathy (Basic Empathy Scale, BES), and mechanisms of moral disengagement (Moral Disengagement Scale MDS). Two questions were included to determine whether each participant had ever been a victim of or witness to cyberbullying. RESULTS: Results suggest that offensive behaviors are related to mechanisms of moral disengagement and to interaction using forms of communication that allow anonymity. In addition, offensive behavior appears to be related to forms of Internet addiction, while prosocial behavior is linked with cognitive empathy. CONCLUSION: In order to promote the establishment of prosocial behavior, it would seem necessary for the various players involved - schools, parents, social network developers - to make an effort to implement educational environments and virtual social networks based on a hypothesis of "design for reflection", educating young people about the need to take the time to understand their feelings and relationships expressed via social media.


Assuntos
Comportamento de Ajuda , Mídias Sociais , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Empatia , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Itália , Masculino , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Estudantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários
15.
Work ; 63(3): 325-334, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256102

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there are no assessment tools for measuring coping strategies for stress at work in the Korean language. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to translate the Latack Coping Scale to workplace stress into Korean and examine its psychometric properties in a Korean working population. METHODS: Translation of the the Latack Coping Scale was performed according to the scientific guidelines for cross-cultural adaptation. Two hundred and forty one general workers in Korea completed the new Korean version of the Latack Coping Scale as well as the Type D Personality Scale-14 (negative affectivity). Psychometric properties (reliability and validity) were evaluated. RESULTS: Factor analysis yielded a model that was consistent with the originally proposed subscales of the questionnaire. Good to excellent internal consistency and measurement consistency over a one week interval were obtained for five subscales (Cronbach's alpha; 0.61 to 0.86 and ICC (2.2); 0.80 to 0.87). Escape coping scales were positively associated with Type D personality while control coping scales were negatively associated with Type D personality. CONCLUSIONS: This Korean version of the Latack Coping Scale has shown excellent validity and reliability in the Korean working population. Organizations investigating work stress and coping methods in Korean workers can use this instrument with confidence.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica/classificação , Psicometria/normas , Adulto , Avaliação da Deficiência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , República da Coreia , Estresse Psicológico/classificação , Estresse Psicológico/etiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Tradução
16.
Work ; 63(3): 427-433, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31256109

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Industrialization and rising standards of living have contributed to a growing amount of solid waste and consequent disposal problems. Solid waste collection is among the occupations with the highest risk for musculoskeletal disorders. OBJECTIVE: We have conducted this study to assess musculoskeletal complaints and work-related stress levels among municipal solid waste (MSW) collectors. METHODS: The subjects were all currently employed at the MSW Department of the City of Ankara, Turkey. Validated questionnaires were completed by 267 MSW collectors. Data analysis was performed using SPSS software (22.0 version). RESULTS: Upper back pain rate was 89.1% among the collectors. 47.9% of collectors reported having had upper back pain during the last 12 months and 38.7% had experienced it during the last month. 80.9% of the sample complained of shoulder pain. Wrists/hands and neck pain rates were found at rates of 78.7% and 67.8% respectively. Psychological demands, were significantly higher among MSW collectors living with moderate-severe pain. CONCLUSIONS: Ergonomics education, healthy work habits, occupational safety training and improvements in the psychosocial work environment should be considered.


Assuntos
Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/psicologia , Estresse Ocupacional/complicações , Resíduos Sólidos/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Ergonomia/normas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estresse Ocupacional/psicologia , Medição da Dor/métodos , Prevalência , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Eliminação de Resíduos/métodos , Eliminação de Resíduos/normas , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia , Local de Trabalho/normas
17.
Nurse Educ Today ; 80: 59-66, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31271940

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In both the United Kingdom (UK) and the United States (US), health inequities are proving resistant to improvement. Nurses are ideally placed to advocate for social justice. It is therefore important that nurse education encourages awareness of the social determinants of health and equips students to act to address health inequity. However, little is known about student nurses' attitudes to social justice and poverty and the impact of pedagogical strategies used to teach the determinants and patterns of health inequities. OBJECTIVES: To assess and compare UK and US student nurses' attitudes towards social justice and poverty before and after learning about social determinants of health and health inequities. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study with embedded before and after design using validated measures. SETTING: Two universities: one urban UK university and one US university with urban and rural campuses. PARTICIPANTS: 230 student nurses in the UK (n = 143) and US (n = 87) enrolled in courses teaching content including health inequities and social determinants of health. RESULTS: Student nurses generally disagreed with stigmatizing statements about people living in poverty and mostly agreed with statements promoting social justice. However, US students were significantly more likely to have positive attitudes towards both social justice (p = 0.001) and poverty (p < 0.001). In multiple regression analyses, engagement in social justice-promoting activities, activism and higher levels of education were associated with positive attitudes to social justice and poverty. Statistically significant positive changes in attitudes to poverty and social justice after their courses were observed only among US student nurses. CONCLUSION: UK and US student nurses' attitudes to poverty and social justice were generally positive. Education around social determinants of health and health inequity had a different effect in the UK and the US. There is a need to explore further what specific components of educational programmes lead to positive changes in attitudes.


Assuntos
Atitude do Pessoal de Saúde , Pobreza/psicologia , Justiça Social/psicologia , Estudantes de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Bacharelado em Enfermagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicometria/instrumentação , Psicometria/métodos , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos , População Urbana
18.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 41: 120-125, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358244

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This study developed a comprehensive measurement tool for assessing dyspnea in cancer patients and examined its reliability and validity. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 239 cancer patients with awareness of cancer-related dyspnea from outpatient/inpatient wards of six general hospitals in Japan. Items for the Total Dyspnea Scale for Cancer Patients (TDSC) were developed based on qualitative research and a literature review on patients with dyspnea. Ten cancer experts confirmed the scale's content validity. Factor analysis established construct validity. Internal consistency was analyzed by Cronbach's α. Study variables were the effects of dyspnea, worry, and quality of life. RESULTS: Factor analysis identified 2 factors (11 items): effects on "daily living activities and psychology" and on "social life." Cronbach's α of the whole scale was 0.952 (p < 0.01), confirming high reliability. The scale showed high correlation with existing measures. TDSC can comprehensively and multidimensionally evaluate cancer-related dyspnea. CONCLUSIONS: The TDSC consists of 11 items within two factors. Cronbach's α coefficient of the scale was 0.952 in this study, and thus, an acceptable level of reliability was confirmed. In addition, reference-related validity and discriminant validity were verified and confirmed. In future clinical practice, this scale can be utilized as a useful tool for comprehensively and multidimensionally evaluating cancer-related dyspnea.


Assuntos
Dispneia/diagnóstico , Dispneia/etiologia , Neoplasias/complicações , Psicometria/métodos , Idoso , Estudos Transversais , Dispneia/fisiopatologia , Análise Fatorial , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias/fisiopatologia , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
19.
Eur J Oncol Nurs ; 41: 64-71, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358259

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Resilience is an important concept in the cancer literature and is a salient indicator of cancer survivorship. Classic theory test (CTT) and item response theory (IRT) were performed to develop and validate the 25-item Resilience Scale Specific to Cancer (RS-SC). This study was designed to develop and validate a short form of RS-SC (RS-SC-10) with a multidimensional IRT (MIRT) analysis. METHODS: MIRT analysis was performed to test two models (three- and five-factor) derived from previous studies and assess the item parameters of RS-SC and RS-SC-10. RESULTS: A total of 451 Chinese patients with different cancer diagnoses were analyzed. The three-factor structure showed better goodness of fit compared with the five-factor structure in RS-SC. RS-SC-10 retained 10 items with high discriminative parameters from RS-SC and consisted of two factors, Generic and Shift-Persist. Item information function indicated that RS-SC-10 had the highest discrimination ability among patients with low to moderate levels of resilience. CONCLUSIONS: MIRT provided useful information on RS-SC and RS-SC-10 by combining the approaches of CTT and IRT. RS-SC-10 showed great potential in clinical settings owing to the low scale of burden on patients. More studies on the Minimum Clinically Important Difference of RS-SC-10 are warranted.


Assuntos
Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/psicologia , Neoplasias/psicologia , Psicometria/métodos , Resiliência Psicológica , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estresse Psicológico , Inquéritos e Questionários
20.
BMC Psychol ; 7(1): 36, 2019 Jun 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31208464

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Physicians and nurses have substantial problems with wellbeing and burnout. We examined the reliability and construct validity of a wellbeing inventory (WBI) administered to some physicians and nurses working in St. Elizabeth Youngstown Hospital (SEYH). METHODS: The SEYH-WBI, consisting of 4 positive affect (PA) items and 7 negative affect (NA) items developed from 5 validated surveys, was administered (n = 419). A non-burnout inventory (SEYH-NBI) consisting of 2 PA items and 3 NA items was derived from the SEYH-WBI. The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), a validated survey consisting of 10 PA items and 10 NA items, was conducted (n = 191). The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI), a validated survey consisting of 3 domains (3 items each), was completed (n = 150). RESULTS: For the SEYH-WBI, Cronbach coefficients were 0.76 for PA items and 0.83 for NA items. The NA item loading on factor 1 was 0.55-0.84 and the PA item loading on factor 2 was 0.47-0.89. Confirmatory indices were as follows: root mean square residual, 0.07 and Bentler Comparative Fit Index, 0.92. For the SEYH-NBI, Cronbach coefficients were 0.76 for PA items and 0.79 for NA items. The NA item loading on factor 1 was 0.80-0.87 and the PA item loading on factor 2 was 0.89-0.90. Confirmatory indices were as follows: root mean square residual, 0.02; and Bentler Comparative Fit Index, 0.99. PANAS correlations were as follows: SEYH-WBI PA and PANAS PA scores, r = 0.9; p <  0.0001; SEYH-WBI NA and PANAS NA scores, r = 0.9; p <  0.0001; SEYH-NBI PA and PANAS PA scores, r = 0.8; p <  0.0001; and SEYH-NBI NA and PANAS NA scores, r = 0.7; p <  0.0001. Correlations for SEYH-NBI and MBI were as follows: total NBI and total MBI, r = - 0.6, p <  0.0001; NA and emotional exhaustion, r = 0.6, p <  0.0001; PA and personal accomplishment, r = 0.3, p = 0.0003; and NA and depersonalization, r = 0.3, p = 0.0008. CONCLUSIONS: Validation assessments indicate that the SEYH-WBI and SEYH-NBI have acceptable psychometric performance. Similar findings in a larger cohort would be more compelling.


Assuntos
Esgotamento Profissional , Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Médicos/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Análise Fatorial , Humanos , Psicometria/métodos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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