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1.
Fortschr Neurol Psychiatr ; 88(10): 677-689, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049789

RESUMO

Over the past few years, research and application of internet-based psychotherapeutic interventions has grown rapidly. This kind of new therapeutic format offers a variety of chances for treating patients with psychotherapeutic disorders, but also arouses skepticism and concerns. This overview focuses on different forms of internet-based psychotherapeutic interventions, reflects the current state of research, and points out new areas of development as well as its implementation in daily practice.


Assuntos
Intervenção Baseada em Internet , Psicoterapia/métodos , Telemedicina , Humanos
2.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(707): 1748-1750, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969611

RESUMO

There is a renewed interest in the use of psychedelics in the treatment of addictions. The mode of action of psychedelics could be explained by the addictolytic effect of the substance or by an amplifying effect a unique experience. If studies are lacking on the intrinsic addictolytic effects of psychedelics in humans, animals and in vitro experiences show an increase in neurogenesis. In humans, the effectiveness could be explained by the intensity of the lived experience. If the purely experiential aspect is the key to the effectiveness of treatment, it strengthens the idea that psychedelics act as reinforcers of the psychotherapeutic experience by exposure to intense and unusual internal stimuli.


Assuntos
Comportamento Aditivo/tratamento farmacológico , Alucinógenos/uso terapêutico , Psicoterapia/métodos , Animais , Comportamento Aditivo/terapia , Humanos
3.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21484, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871994

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of humanistic care and psychological counseling (HCPC) on psychological disorders (PD) in medical students after coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak. METHODS: We will search randomized controlled trials or case-controlled studies of HCPC on PD in medical students after COVID-19 outbreak in the following electronic databases: PUBMED/MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, AMED, WANGFANG, and CNKI. The time is restricted from the construction of each database to the present. All process of study selection, data collection, and study quality evaluation will be carried out by two independent authors. Any different opinions will be solved by a third author through discussion. We will employ RevMan 5.3 software to conduct statistical analysis. RESULTS: This study will provide a better understanding of HCPC on PD in medical students after COVID-19 outbreak. CONCLUSIONS: This study may offer strong evidence for clinical practice to treat PD in medical students after COVID-19 outbreak. STUDY REGISTRATION: CRD42020193199.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Aconselhamento/métodos , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Estudantes de Medicina/psicologia , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Humanismo , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Pandemias , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Adulto Jovem
4.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(33): e21451, 2020 Aug 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32871992

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mental health is closely related to the occurrence of hypertension, particularly the prognosis of hypertension patients. The role of psychotherapy in the occurrence, development, prevention, and prognosis of hypertension, remains to be clarified. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a prospective, double-blind, randomized, multiple-centers study. Eighty patients enrolled in this trial will be randomized at 1:1 ratio. The primary endpoint is will be the reduction of the patient psychological scale (PHQ-9) score. Secondary endpoints will be the drop in blood pressure, awareness of physical and mental health and self-efficacy scale. Measurements will be performed at baseline, 5-week (questionnaires only), 10-week (primary endpoint), using the Anxiety Screening Questionnaire (GAD-7) and Depression Scale (PHQ-9). Data analysis will be carried out using the SPSS v.25 software assuming a level of significance of 5%. Results will be analyzed using multilevel, regression analysis and hierarchical linear models. DISCUSSION: We hope to provide some insight in the understanding the underlying mechanism of the novel mindfulness in the management of hypertension related psychological stress/disturbance, and will enable us to develop novel approach to manage essential hypertension and its related psychological disorders. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRY:: http://www.chictr.org.cn (ChiCTR1900028258).


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/terapia , Transtorno Depressivo/psicologia , Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Hipertensão/psicologia , Hipertensão/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Método Duplo-Cego , Humanos , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
5.
Lancet Psychiatry ; 7(10): 851-864, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32866459

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of digital psychological interventions in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs) remains unclear. We aimed to systematically investigate the available evidence for digital psychological interventions in reducing mental health problems in LMICs. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, and Cochrane databases for articles published in English from database inception to March 9, 2020. We included randomised controlled trials investigating digital psychological interventions in individuals with mental health problems in LMICs. We extracted data on demographics, inclusion and exclusion criteria, details of the intervention, including the setting, digital delivery method, control group conditions, number of sessions, therapeutic orientation (eg, cognitive therapy or behaviour therapy), presence or absence of guidance, and length of follow-up, and statistical information to calculate effect sizes. If a study reported insufficient data to calculate effect sizes, the corresponding authors were contacted to provide data that could be aggregated. We did random-effects meta-analyses, and calculated the standardised mean difference in scores of digital psychological interventions versus control conditions (Hedges'g). Quality of evidence was assessed by use of the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation approach. The primary outcome was post-intervention mental health problems, as measured by self-reporting instruments or clinical interviews. This study is registered with PROSPERO, CRD42019137755. FINDINGS: We identified 22 eligible studies that were included in the meta-analysis. The included studies involved a total of 4104 participants (2351 who received a digital psychological intervention and 1753 who were in the control group), and mainly focused on young adults (mean age of the study population was 20-35 years) with depression or substance misuse. The results showed that digital psychological interventions are moderately effective when compared with control interventions (Hedges'g 0·60 [95% CI 0·45-0·75]; Hedges'g with treatment as usual subgroup for comparison 0·54 [0·35-0·73]). Heterogeneity between studies was substantial (I2=74% [95% CI 60-83]). There was no evidence of publication bias, and the quality of evidence according to the GRADE criteria was generally high. INTERPRETATION: Digital psychological interventions, which have been mostly studied in individuals with depression and substance misuse, are superior to control conditions, including usual care, and are moderately effective in LMICs. However, the considerable heterogeneity observed in our analysis highlights the need for more studies to be done, with standardised implementation of digital psychological intervention programmes to improve their reproducibility and efficiency. Digital psychological interventions should be considered for regions where usual care for mental health problems is minimal or absent. FUNDING: None. TRANSLATIONS: For the Persian, Chinese, Hindi, Portuguese, Bahasa, Turkish, Romanian, Spanish and Thai translations of the abstract see Supplementary Materials section.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/terapia , Telemedicina/métodos , Países em Desenvolvimento , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto
6.
Cochrane Database Syst Rev ; 9: CD007668, 2020 09 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32880104

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Antisocial personality disorder (AsPD) is associated with poor mental health, criminality, substance use and relationship difficulties. This review updates Gibbon 2010 (previous version of the review). OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the potential benefits and adverse effects of psychological interventions for adults with AsPD. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, 13 other databases and two trials registers up to 5 September 2019. We also searched reference lists and contacted study authors to identify studies. SELECTION CRITERIA: Randomised controlled trials of adults, where participants with an AsPD or dissocial personality disorder diagnosis comprised at least 75% of the sample randomly allocated to receive a psychological intervention, treatment-as-usual (TAU), waiting list or no treatment. The primary outcomes were aggression, reconviction, global state/functioning, social functioning and adverse events. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We used standard methodological procedures expected by Cochrane. MAIN RESULTS: This review includes 19 studies (eight new to this update), comparing a psychological intervention against TAU (also called 'standard Maintenance'(SM) in some studies). Eight of the 18 psychological interventions reported data on our primary outcomes. Four studies focussed exclusively on participants with AsPD, and 15 on subgroups of participants with AsPD. Data were available from only 10 studies involving 605 participants. Eight studies were conducted in the UK and North America, and one each in Iran, Denmark and the Netherlands. Study duration ranged from 4 to 156 weeks (median = 26 weeks). Most participants (75%) were male; the mean age was 35.5 years. Eleven studies (58%) were funded by research councils. Risk of bias was high for 13% of criteria, unclear for 54% and low for 33%. Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) + TAU versus TAU One study (52 participants) found no evidence of a difference between CBT + TAU and TAU for physical aggression (odds ratio (OR) 0.92, 95% CI 0.28 to 3.07; low-certainty evidence) for outpatients at 12 months post-intervention. One study (39 participants) found no evidence of a difference between CBT + TAU and TAU for social functioning (mean difference (MD) -1.60 points, 95% CI -5.21 to 2.01; very low-certainty evidence), measured by the Social Functioning Questionnaire (SFQ; range = 0-24), for outpatients at 12 months post-intervention. Impulsive lifestyle counselling (ILC) + TAU versus TAU One study (118 participants) found no evidence of a difference between ILC + TAU and TAU for trait aggression (assessed with Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire-Short Form) for outpatients at nine months (MD 0.07, CI -0.35 to 0.49; very low-certainty evidence). One study (142 participants) found no evidence of a difference between ILC + TAU and TAU alone for the adverse event of death (OR 0.40, 95% CI 0.04 to 4.54; very low-certainty evidence) or incarceration (OR 0.70, 95% CI 0.27 to 1.86; very low-certainty evidence) for outpatients between three and nine months follow-up. Contingency management (CM) + SM versus SM One study (83 participants) found evidence that, compared to SM alone, CM + SM may improve social functioning measured by family/social scores on the Addiction Severity Index (ASI; range = 0 (no problems) to 1 (severe problems); MD -0.08, 95% CI -0.14 to -0.02; low-certainty evidence) for outpatients at six months. 'Driving whilst intoxicated' programme (DWI) + incarceration versus incarceration One study (52 participants) found no evidence of a difference between DWI + incarceration and incarceration alone on reconviction rates (hazard ratio 0.56, CI -0.19 to 1.31; very low-certainty evidence) for prisoner participants at 24 months. Schema therapy (ST) versus TAU One study (30 participants in a secure psychiatric hospital, 87% had AsPD diagnosis) found no evidence of a difference between ST and TAU for the number of participants who were reconvicted (OR 2.81, 95% CI 0.11 to 74.56, P = 0.54) at three years. The same study found that ST may be more likely to improve social functioning (assessed by the mean number of days until patients gain unsupervised leave (MD -137.33, 95% CI -271.31 to -3.35) compared to TAU, and no evidence of a difference between the groups for overall adverse events, classified as the number of people experiencing a global negative outcome over a three-year period (OR 0.42, 95% CI 0.08 to 2.19). The certainty of the evidence for all outcomes was very low. Social problem-solving (SPS) + psychoeducation (PE) versus TAU One study (17 participants) found no evidence of a difference between SPS + PE and TAU for participants' level of social functioning (MD -1.60 points, 95% CI -5.43 to 2.23; very low-certainty evidence) assessed with the SFQ at six months post-intervention. Dialectical behaviour therapy versus TAU One study (skewed data, 14 participants) provided very low-certainty, narrative evidence that DBT may reduce the number of self-harm days for outpatients at two months post-intervention compared to TAU. Psychosocial risk management (PSRM; 'Resettle') versus TAU One study (skewed data, 35 participants) found no evidence of a difference between PSRM and TAU for a number of officially recorded offences at one year after release from prison. It also found no evidence of difference between the PSRM and TAU for the adverse event of death during the study period (OR 0.89, 95% CI 0.05 to 14.83, P = 0.94, 72 participants (90% had AsPD), 1 study, very low-certainty evidence). AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: There is very limited evidence available on psychological interventions for adults with AsPD. Few interventions addressed the primary outcomes of this review and, of the eight that did, only three (CM + SM, ST and DBT) showed evidence that the intervention may be more effective than the control condition. No intervention reported compelling evidence of change in antisocial behaviour. Overall, the certainty of the evidence was low or very low, meaning that we have little confidence in the effect estimates reported. The conclusions of this update have not changed from those of the original review, despite the addition of eight new studies. This highlights the ongoing need for further methodologically rigorous studies to yield further data to guide the development and application of psychological interventions for AsPD and may suggest that a new approach is required.


Assuntos
Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Adulto , Agressão/psicologia , Transtorno da Personalidade Antissocial/mortalidade , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Cocaína/terapia , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Dirigir sob a Influência , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prisioneiros/estatística & dados numéricos , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Reincidência/estatística & dados numéricos , Recompensa , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22151, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991409

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is one of the most common diseases in urology, which 50% of men are infected at some point in their lives. Type III CP/CPPS is the most complex and controversial of all types of prostatitis, the highest incidence rate, uncertain efficacy, the long-term treatment that affects the patient's psychopathic symptoms, increases the psychological burden of patients. Psychological intervention for patients with CP/CPPS, which is difficult to treat with drugs and physics, can effectively improve clinical efficacy and improve the psychological condition. The researchers found a high prevalence of psychosocial problems and catastrophic distress in CP/CPPS patients, such as serious mental disorders, especially depression, anxiety and stress, and the high incidence of pain-devastating illness. In this study, we will evaluate psychological interventions as an effective way to relieve chronic prostatitis. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: The databases of English databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library) and Chinese databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biology Medicine Database, Wanfang Database, VIP Database) will be retrieved. The search strategy that will be run in the PubMed and tailored to the other database when necessary is presented in this article. RevMan 5.3 and Stata 11.0 will be used for Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. This protocol reported under the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Protocols (PRISMA-P) statement, and we will report the systematic review by following the PRISMA statement. RESULTS: The study is a protocol for systematic review and meta-analysis without results, and data analysis will be carried out after the protocol. We will share our findings in the third quarter of 2021. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will provide more evidence to assess whether psychological is an effective intervention for patients with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Besides, the results will be published in a public issue journal and offer the urologists help to make clinical decisions. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Formal ethical approval is not required in this protocol. We will collect and analyze data based on published research. Since this research does not involve patients, personal privacy will not be affected. The results of this review will be distributed to peer-reviewed journals or submitted to relevant conferences. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202080021.


Assuntos
Dor Pélvica/psicologia , Prostatite/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Fatores Etários , Doença Crônica , Humanos , Masculino , Pesquisa Qualitativa , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Projetos de Pesquisa , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Fatores Socioeconômicos
8.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 99(39): e22344, 2020 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32991449

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Depression is a disease with a high incidence and easy to relapse. It not only affects the work and life of patients, but also brings a heavy economic burden. University is the peak of depression, and the prevalence of depression among college students is much higher than that of ordinary people. The purpose of this research is to evaluate depression symptoms, life satisfaction, self-confidence, substance use, social adjustment, and dropout rates of the use of psychological intervention for college students. METHODS: We will identify relevant trials from systematic searches in the following electronic databases: PubMed, Embase, Web of Science and The Cochrane Library. We will also search Clinical Trials.gov, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform for unpublished data. Additional relevant studies will be searched through search engines (such as Google), and references included in the literature will be tracked. All relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs) will be included. There are no date restrictions. Use Cochrane Collaboration's Risk of bias tool to conduct risk of bias analysis. Use the Grades of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation to assess the quality of evidence. All statistical analysis will be performed using Stata (V.15.0.) and Review Manager (V.5.2.0). RESULTS: A total of 6238 records were obtained by searching the database and 27 records were obtained by other sources. After removing duplicate records, there are 4225 records remaining. We excluded 3945 records through abstract and title, leaving 280 full-text articles. CONCLUSION: This will be the first study to compare the effects of different psychological treatments on depression in college students. We hope that this study will guide clinical decision-making of psychotherapy to better treat depression in college students. PROTOCOL REGISTRATION: INPLASY202070134.


Assuntos
Depressão/terapia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Depressão/epidemiologia , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Carga Global da Doença/economia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Metanálise em Rede , Pacientes Desistentes do Tratamento/estatística & dados numéricos , Satisfação Pessoal , Prevalência , Psicoterapia/tendências , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Autoimagem , Ajustamento Social , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Substâncias/epidemiologia , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
11.
Lancet Psychiatry ; 7(9): 801-812, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32828168

RESUMO

Persistent depressive disorder is a chronic mood disorder that is common and often more disabling than episodic major depression. In DSM-5, the term subsumes several chronic depressive presentations, including dysthymia with or without superimposed major depressive episodes, chronic major depression, and recurrent major depression without recovery between episodes. Dysthymia can be difficult to detect in psychiatric and primary care settings until it intensifies in the form of a superimposed major depressive episode. Although information is scarce concerning the cause of persistent depressive disorder including dysthymia, the causation is likely to be multifactorial. In this narrative Review, we discuss current knowledge about the nosology and neurobiological basis of dysthymia and persistent depressive disorder, emphasising a dimensional perspective based on course for further research. We also review new developments in psychotherapy and pharmacotherapy for persistent depressive disorder, and propose a tailored, modular approach to accommodate its multifaceted nature.


Assuntos
Transtorno Depressivo Maior/diagnóstico , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/terapia , Transtorno Distímico/diagnóstico , Transtorno Distímico/terapia , Antidepressivos/uso terapêutico , Doença Crônica , Terapia Combinada , Comorbidade , Transtorno Depressivo Maior/epidemiologia , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Transtorno Distímico/epidemiologia , Humanos , Psicoterapia/métodos , Recidiva
12.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0237113, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760157

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Adolescent migrants present psychological disorders more frequently than the corresponding host population but their access to care and to follow-up are less effective. The French method of transcultural psychotherapy (TPT) was conceived to respond to these problems. Our objective is to assess how these adolescents and their families perceive the experience and effectiveness of TPT. METHOD: We conducted semistructured interviews with the families of adolescents seen for TPT. The data were analyzed by a qualitative thematic methodology. RESULTS: We spoke to 21 participants in 8 families. The families came to TPT with a sense that the teen's current treatment was at an impasse. During the follow-up, they noted that family communication and relationships had improved, as had their connection to their culture of origin. Besides commenting on what they perceived as limitations, families identified specific elements of TPT as therapeutic. CONCLUSION: The pronounced diversity of the group and the use of both multiperspective narration and an interpreter were specific elements driving the construction of a good therapeutic alliance, despite the initial barriers. Pursuit of the evaluation of TPT is essential to advance the psychiatric care of adolescent migrants.


Assuntos
Medidas de Resultados Relatados pelo Paciente , Psicoterapia/métodos , Migrantes/psicologia , Aculturação , Adolescente , Criança , Características Culturais , Família/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Psicoterapia/normas , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
13.
PLoS Med ; 17(8): e1003262, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32813696

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complex traumatic events associated with armed conflict, forcible displacement, childhood sexual abuse, and domestic violence are increasingly prevalent. People exposed to complex traumatic events are at risk of not only posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) but also other mental health comorbidities. Whereas evidence-based psychological and pharmacological treatments are effective for single-event PTSD, it is not known if people who have experienced complex traumatic events can benefit and tolerate these commonly available treatments. Furthermore, it is not known which components of psychological interventions are most effective for managing PTSD in this population. We performed a systematic review and component network meta-analysis to assess the effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological interventions for managing mental health problems in people exposed to complex traumatic events. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We searched CINAHL, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, EMBASE, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts, MEDLINE, Published International Literature on Traumatic Stress, PsycINFO, and Science Citation Index for randomised controlled trials (RCTs) and non-RCTs of psychological and pharmacological treatments for PTSD symptoms in people exposed to complex traumatic events, published up to 25 October 2019. We adopted a nondiagnostic approach and included studies of adults who have experienced complex trauma. Complex-trauma subgroups included veterans; childhood sexual abuse; war-affected; refugees; and domestic violence. The primary outcome was reduction in PTSD symptoms. Secondary outcomes were depressive and anxiety symptoms, quality of life, sleep quality, and positive and negative affect. We included 116 studies, of which 50 were conducted in hospital settings, 24 were delivered in community settings, seven were delivered in military clinics for veterans or active military personnel, five were conducted in refugee camps, four used remote delivery via web-based or telephone platforms, four were conducted in specialist trauma clinics, two were delivered in home settings, and two were delivered in primary care clinics; clinical setting was not reported in 17 studies. Ninety-four RCTs, for a total of 6,158 participants, were included in meta-analyses across the primary and secondary outcomes; 18 RCTs for a total of 933 participants were included in the component network meta-analysis. The mean age of participants in the included RCTs was 42.6 ± 9.3 years, and 42% were male. Nine non-RCTs were included. The mean age of participants in the non-RCTs was 40.6 ± 9.4 years, and 47% were male. The average length of follow-up across all included studies at posttreatment for the primary outcome was 11.5 weeks. The pairwise meta-analysis showed that psychological interventions reduce PTSD symptoms more than inactive control (k = 46; n = 3,389; standardised mean difference [SMD] = -0.82, 95% confidence interval [CI] -1.02 to -0.63) and active control (k-9; n = 662; SMD = -0.35, 95% CI -0.56 to -0.14) at posttreatment and also compared with inactive control at 6-month follow-up (k = 10; n = 738; SMD = -0.45, 95% CI -0.82 to -0.08). Psychological interventions reduced depressive symptoms (k = 31; n = 2,075; SMD = -0.87, 95% CI -1.11 to -0.63; I2 = 82.7%, p = 0.000) and anxiety (k = 15; n = 1,395; SMD = -1.03, 95% CI -1.44 to -0.61; p = 0.000) at posttreatment compared with inactive control. Sleep quality was significantly improved at posttreatment by psychological interventions compared with inactive control (k = 3; n = 111; SMD = -1.00, 95% CI -1.49 to -0.51; p = 0.245). There were no significant differences between psychological interventions and inactive control group at posttreatment for quality of life (k = 6; n = 401; SMD = 0.33, 95% CI -0.01 to 0.66; p = 0.021). Antipsychotic medicine (k = 5; n = 364; SMD = -0.45; -0.85 to -0.05; p = 0.085) and prazosin (k = 3; n = 110; SMD = -0.52; -1.03 to -0.02; p = 0.182) were effective in reducing PTSD symptoms. Phase-based psychological interventions that included skills-based strategies along with trauma-focused strategies were the most promising interventions for emotional dysregulation and interpersonal problems. Compared with pharmacological interventions, we observed that psychological interventions were associated with greater reductions in PTSD and depression symptoms and improved sleep quality. Sensitivity analysis showed that psychological interventions were acceptable with lower dropout, even in studies rated at low risk of attrition bias. Trauma-focused psychological interventions were superior to non-trauma-focused interventions across trauma subgroups for PTSD symptoms, but effects among veterans and war-affected populations were significantly reduced. The network meta-analysis showed that multicomponent interventions that included cognitive restructuring and imaginal exposure were the most effective for reducing PTSD symptoms (k = 17; n = 1,077; mean difference = -37.95, 95% CI -60.84 to -15.16). Our use of a non-diagnostic inclusion strategy may have overlooked certain complex-trauma populations with severe and enduring mental health comorbidities. Additionally, the relative contribution of skills-based intervention components was not feasibly evaluated in the network meta-analysis. CONCLUSIONS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we observed that trauma-focused psychological interventions are effective for managing mental health problems and comorbidities in people exposed to complex trauma. Multicomponent interventions, which can include phase-based approaches, were the most effective treatment package for managing PTSD in complex trauma. Establishing optimal ways to deliver multicomponent psychological interventions for people exposed to complex traumatic events is a research and clinical priority.


Assuntos
Saúde Mental , Psicoterapia/métodos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Antipsicóticos/uso terapêutico , Terapia Cognitivo-Comportamental/métodos , Comorbidade , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mentais/epidemiologia , Transtornos Mentais/psicologia , Metanálise em Rede , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto/métodos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/epidemiologia
14.
PLoS One ; 15(8): e0236995, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32785245

RESUMO

Blended therapy is a new approach combining advantages of face-to-face psychotherapy and Internet- and mobile-based interventions. Acceptance is a fundamental precondition for its implementation. The aim of this study was to assess 1) the acceptance of psychotherapists towards blended therapy, 2) the effectiveness of an acceptance facilitating intervention (AFI) on psychotherapists' acceptance towards blended therapy and 3) to identify potential effect moderators. Psychotherapists (N = 284) were randomly assigned to a control (CG) or an intervention group (IG). The IG received a short video showing an example of blended therapy, the CG an attention placebo video. Both groups received a reliable online questionnaire assessing acceptance, effort expectancy, performance expectancy, facilitating conditions, social influence and internet anxiety. Between group differences were examined using t-tests and Mann-Whitney tests. Exploratory analysis was conducted to identify moderators. Psychotherapists in CG showed mixed baseline acceptance towards blended therapy (low = 40%, moderate = 33%, high = 27%). IG showed significantly higher acceptance compared to CG (d = .27, pone-sided = .029; low = 24%, moderate = 47%, high = 30%). Bootstrapped confidence intervals were overlapping. Performance expectancy (d = .35), effort expectancy (d = .44) and facilitating conditions (d = .28) were significantly increased (p < .05). No effects on social influence and internet anxiety were found (p>.05). Exploratory analysis indicated psychodynamic oriented psychotherapists profiting particularly from the AFI. Blended therapy is a promising approach to improve healthcare. Psychotherapists show mixed acceptance, which might be improvable by AFIs, particularly in subpopulations of initially rather skeptical psychotherapists. Forthcoming studies should extend the present study by shifting focus from attitudes to the impact of different forms of AFIs on uptake.


Assuntos
Psicoterapia/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Relações Profissional-Paciente , Psicoterapia/educação , Psicoterapia Psicodinâmica/métodos , Distribuição Aleatória , Inquéritos e Questionários , Gravação em Vídeo
15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32635422

RESUMO

Psychotherapists around the world are facing an unprecedented situation with the outbreak of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). To combat the rapid spread of the virus, direct contact with others has to be avoided when possible. Therefore, remote psychotherapy provides a valuable option to continue mental health care during the COVID-19 pandemic. The present study investigated the fear of psychotherapists to become infected with COVID-19 during psychotherapy in personal contact and assessed how the provision of psychotherapy changed due to the COVID-19 situation and whether there were differences with regard to country and gender. Psychotherapists from three European countries: Czech Republic (CZ, n = 112), Germany (DE, n = 130) and Slovakia (SK, n = 96), with on average 77.8% female participants, completed an online survey. Participants rated the fear of COVID-19 infection during face-to-face psychotherapy and reported the number of patients treated on average per week (in personal contact, via telephone, via internet) during the COVID-19 situation as well as (retrospectively) in the months before. Fear of COVID-19 infection was highest in SK and lowest in DE (p < 0.001) and was higher in female compared to male psychotherapists (p = 0.021). In all countries, the number of patients treated on average per week in personal contact decreased (p < 0.001) and remote psychotherapies increased (p < 0.001), with more patients being treated via internet than via telephone during the COVID-19 situation (p < 0.001). Furthermore, female psychotherapists treated less patients in personal contact (p = 0.036), while they treated more patients via telephone than their male colleagues (p = 0.015). Overall, the total number of patients treated did not differ during COVID-19 from the months before (p = 0.133) and psychotherapy in personal contact remained the most common treatment modality. Results imply that the supply of mental health care could be maintained during COVID-19 and that changes in the provision of psychotherapy vary among countries and gender.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/estatística & dados numéricos , Telemedicina/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Coronavirus , República Tcheca , Medo , Feminino , Alemanha , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Psicoterapia/métodos , Eslováquia , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Fam Process ; 59(3): 883-897, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32621761

RESUMO

The Witness to Witness Program (W2W), based on Weingarten's witnessing model (2000, 2003, 2004), began in July 2018 and originally was established to support healthcare workers and attorneys (our partners) who were experiencing empathic distress working with people involved in various stages of the detention process. The W2W program evolved to offer four primary components: clinician listening sessions geared to deep understanding of the person's story of their work and its challenges; an inventory of the person's current internal and external resources both in the present and in the past; help with removal of barriers to those resources; and development of a personal toolkit to handle stress. Additional services available to partners and their organizations included psycho-educational webinars, facilitated peer support groups, and organizational consultations to foster trauma-sensitive and resilience-hardy work environments. In March, after lockdowns due to the coronavirus pandemic, W2W pivoted to focus on handouts and webinars addressing how to cope with distress and moral injury, maintaining resilience, coping with grief, and dealing with multiple losses caused by the pandemic. Disaster sparked collaboration and innovation. A train the trainer model was developed to reach more community health workers providing services to the Latinx community dealing with losses similar to those experienced by the clients they serve. W2W continues to create virtual communities of support. In doing so we practice doing reasonable hope together (Weingarten, Family Process, 2010, 49, 5).


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Doenças Profissionais/terapia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/terapia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adulto , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Feminino , Pesar , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Doenças Profissionais/psicologia , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde , Resiliência Psicológica , Transtornos de Estresse Pós-Traumáticos/psicologia , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia , Local de Trabalho/psicologia
17.
Soins Psychiatr ; 41(326): 20-23, 2020.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32718522

RESUMO

Psychologists occupy a specific position in the care process in addictology. The basic notions of care are considered from the perspective of a professional experience in an addiction care, support and prevention unit in the Paris region. These fundamental notions offer insights into how the psychologist's psychotherapeutic methods can be integrated into the care process, as well as the potential pitfalls.


Assuntos
Medicina do Vício/organização & administração , Comportamento Aditivo/terapia , Psicologia , Humanos , Paris , Psicoterapia/métodos
18.
Child Adolesc Ment Health ; 25(3): 178-179, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623792

RESUMO

An overview of the work the approach taken by the Anna Freud National Centre for Children and Families in the rapid transition to remote working in response to the coronavirus lockdown. We outline some of the challenges of remote working and how we are seeking to mitigate them, informed by the over-riding principle that individual relationships and the experiences of the child, young person and family must remain the central concern. The importance of maintaining a mentalising stance in remote working is discussed. We argue that a mentalising relationship which generates epistemic trust is possible in remote working, but this will require particular thought and effort on the part of the therapist. In particular, it is suggested that mentalising processes can be supported in remote working through, in the absence of the more implicit communications that are possible in face-to-face work, more explicit communications about mental states.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Mentalização/fisiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Consulta Remota , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Humanos , Lactente , Relações Interpessoais , Pandemias , Psicologia , Medição de Risco , Adulto Jovem
19.
Clín. salud ; 31(2): 99-103, jul. 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-190320

RESUMO

In response to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic several adaptations have allowed us to continue to provide one form of recovery-oriented psychotherapy to persons with psychosis: Metacognitive Insight and Reflection Therapy (MERIT). These successful adaptations have included the incorporation of patients' experience of the pandemic and the exploration of challenges from temporary changes in therapy platforms to deepen reflections about patients' self-experience, their experience of intersubjectivity and their own agentic responses to psychosocial challenges


En respuesta a la pandemia del coronavirus (COVID-19) varias adaptaciones han permitido que sigamos facilitando una de las formas de psicoterapia orientada a la recuperación de las personas que padecen psicosis: la terapia de percepción metacognitiva y reflexión (MERIT). Estas adaptaciones satisfactorias incluyen la incorporación de la experiencia de los pacientes de la pandemia y el uso de los desafíos que plantean los cambios temporales en las plataformas terapéuticas con objeto de profundizar en la reflexión sobre la autoexperiencia de los pacientes, su experiencia en intersubjetividad y sus propias respuestas a los desafíos psicosociales


Assuntos
Humanos , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pandemias , Transtornos Psicóticos/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Psicoterapia/tendências , Transtornos Psicóticos/terapia , Metacognição , Estados Unidos
20.
Australas Psychiatry ; 28(5): 517-520, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32689815

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There has been a surge in videoconferencing technology use in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. RANZCP registrars engaged in the Psychotherapy Written Case are met with new challenges in navigating the psychodynamic processes that can occur when transitioning from in-person to videoconferencing psychotherapy. There is also a myriad of videoconferencing platforms to choose from. CONCLUSION: It has become necessary to adapt our clinical practice to the current COVID-19 pandemic and physical distancing regulations. The literature recognises videoconferencing psychotherapy as a valid therapeutic medium which can facilitate healthy psychological maturation, but there are theoretical drawbacks. A transition to videoconferencing psychotherapy requires patient agreeability, consistency and reflection upon patient-therapist dynamics; this will aide in the Psychotherapy Written Case submission. Registrars must balance usability, digital security and patient preferences when choosing videoconferencing platforms.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Telemedicina/métodos , Comunicação por Videoconferência , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Pandemias
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