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Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 40(4): 191-198, dic. 2020. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145493


Introducción: el siguiente estudio tuvo como finalidad explorar algunas características demográficas asociadas al dolor crónico y el desarrollo de ideas de suicidio en una población de pacientes mayores de 65 años. Método: se realizó un estudio observacional y analítico de corte transversal mediante el relevamiento de datos a partir historias clínicas de pacientes mayores de 65 años que concurrieron a los consultorios externos del equipo de geriatría del Servicio de Psiquiatría del Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, entre junio de 2018 y diciembre de 2018. Resultados: se incluyó en el estudio un total de 222 pacientes, de los cuales 50 (23%) presentaron indicadores de dolor crónico y 33 pacientes (14,6%) lo hicieron de ideación suicida. Mediante estudio de correlación se estableció que estar ocupado, padecer dolor crónico y haber tenido más de una internación psiquiátrica son factores que incrementan el riesgo de presentar ideación suicida. Las variables ideación suicida, edad, y el estado civil ‒separado o divorciado en comparación con estar casado‒ son factores asociados a la presencia de dolor crónico. Conclusiones: el dolor crónico y la ideación suicida son factores que contribuyen a aumentar la fragilidad en personas mayores y deben ser estudiados en mayor profundidad para comprender los distintos modos de expresión de la patología psiquiátrica en esta población. (AU)

Introduction: the following study aimed to explore some demographic characteristics associated with chronic pain and the development of suicidal ideas in a population of patients over 65 years. Method: an cross-sectional observational and analytical study was carried out by collecting data from clinical histories of patients over 65 years of age who attended the external offices of the geriatrics team of the Psychiatry service of the Italian Hospital of Buenos Aires between June 2018 and December 2018. Results: a total of 222 patients were included in the study, of which 50 (23%) presented indicators of chronic pain and 33 patients (14.6%) had suicidal ideation. A correlation study established that being employed, suffering from chronic pain and having had more than one psychiatric hospitalization are factors that increase the risk of presenting suicidal ideation. The variables suicidal ideation, age, and separated or divorced marital status compared to being married are factors associated with the presence of chronic pain. Conclusions: chronic pain and suicidal ideation are factors that contribute to increasing frailty in elderly patients and should be studied in greater depth to understand the different modes of expression of psychiatric pathology in this population. (AU)

Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ideação Suicida , Dor Crônica/epidemiologia , Argentina/epidemiologia , Psicotrópicos/uso terapêutico , Suicídio/psicologia , Suicídio/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesar , Estudos Transversais , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Etários , Estado Civil/estatística & dados numéricos , Demência/psicologia , Dor Crônica/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Fragilidade/psicologia , Psiquiatria Geriátrica/estatística & dados numéricos
Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci ; 29: e176, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33077022


AIMS: To investigate the association between parity and the risk of incident dementia in women. METHODS: We pooled baseline and follow-up data for community-dwelling women aged 60 or older from six population-based, prospective cohort studies from four European and two Asian countries. We investigated the association between parity and incident dementia using Cox proportional hazards regression models adjusted for age, educational level, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and cohort, with additional analysis by dementia subtype (Alzheimer dementia (AD) and non-Alzheimer dementia (NAD)). RESULTS: Of 9756 women dementia-free at baseline, 7010 completed one or more follow-up assessments. The mean follow-up duration was 5.4 ± 3.1 years and dementia developed in 550 participants. The number of parities was associated with the risk of incident dementia (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.07, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.02-1.13). Grand multiparity (five or more parities) increased the risk of dementia by 30% compared to 1-4 parities (HR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.02-1.67). The risk of NAD increased by 12% for every parity (HR = 1.12, 95% CI = 1.02-1.23) and by 60% for grand multiparity (HR = 1.60, 95% CI = 1.00-2.55), but the risk of AD was not significantly associated with parity. CONCLUSIONS: Grand multiparity is a significant risk factor for dementia in women. This may have particularly important implications for women in low and middle-income countries where the fertility rate and prevalence of grand multiparity are high.

Doença de Alzheimer/epidemiologia , Demência/epidemiologia , Paridade/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Humanos , Incidência , Vida Independente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gravidez , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , República da Coreia/epidemiologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
Tijdschr Gerontol Geriatr ; 51(1)2020 Mar 16.
Artigo em Holandês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32951391


Over the years, a wide range of loneliness interventions for older adults have been developed. The majority of these interventions are not effective in reducing loneliness. In order to gain more insight into why many interventions do not achieve the desired goal, we examine active elements that are used in interventions into reduce loneliness. In order to achieve this goal, intermediate goals are needed: to have a social network, a sense of belonging, to experience intimacy, to experience meaning. In order to arrive at a division into active elements, a qualitative analysis was carried out of 119 loneliness interventions, described in 22 reviews of interventions. The result is a division into seven active elements: 'activities', 'meeting others', practical support', 'meaningful contact', 'interpersonal skills', 'realistic expectations' and 'meaningful role'. Most interventions combine several active elements. Some combinations of active elements are common. By mapping out the individual components of interventions, the effectiveness of each element can be evaluated. The use of a combination of active elements, and of general active elements such as good execution, may increase the effectiveness of interventions.

Solidão , Idoso , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais
Rinsho Shinkeigaku ; 60(10): 663-667, 2020 Oct 24.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32893245


In elderly patients with so-called psychogenic physical symptoms, changes with age of the symptoms were discussed from the standpoint of geriatric psychiatry. In recent years, the diagnostic criteria for psychogenic physical symptoms have been revised and are closer to the definition of psychosomatic disorders. In aging, the aging phenomenon of each body organ progresses, and the brain is no exception. Clinical findings suggest that conventional physical and mental symptoms are alleviated as brain function declines in general. If dementia is added, the speed of relief will increase. In Japan, where super-aging is advancing, the need to focus on the positive aspects of aging is discussed.

Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Psiquiatria Geriátrica , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/psicologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ansiedade , Transtornos de Ansiedade/fisiopatologia , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Transtornos Psicofisiológicos/diagnóstico
Am J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 28(9): 1004-1008, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32624338


OBJECTIVE: One effect of the COVID-19 pandemic is the disruption of in-person clinical experiences within geriatric psychiatry residency education. Online resources for trainees are needed to fill resultant gaps. METHODS: The American Association of Geriatric Psychiatry (AAGP) Teaching and Training Committee leadership collaborated with geriatric psychiatry experts to develop a web-based geriatric psychiatry curriculum for psychiatry residents and other learners. In addition, we planned to obtain initial self-report outcomes of the curricular modules. RESULTS: The COVID-19 AAGP Online Trainee Curriculum ( consists of approximately 30 video-recorded lectures provided by AAGP member experts. A demographic survey and pre-/postsurvey attached to each module allow us to obtain learner characteristics and feedback on each module. CONCLUSIONS: The Curriculum has the potential to supplement psychiatry residency education during the pandemic and potentially raise the profile of AAGP, with the goal of inspiring interest within geriatric psychiatry. Results of the initial self-report evaluation should be available in 1 year.

Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Currículo , Psiquiatria Geriátrica/educação , Internato e Residência/métodos , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Desenvolvimento de Programas , Avaliação de Programas e Projetos de Saúde/métodos , Betacoronavirus , Humanos , Internet , Autorrelato
Int Psychogeriatr ; 32(10): 1239-1243, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32609082