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4.
Mol Psychiatry ; 25(10): 2214-2219, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32681098

RESUMO

The COVID-19 pandemic has transformed the face of psychiatry over a very short time period. Given the detrimental impact of the pandemic on mental health and the economy, more difficult days are ahead for psychiatry. The rising public health burden of mental illnesses will inevitably exceed the capacity of psychiatric services in the United States and worldwide. The pandemic has also profoundly affected psychiatric research due to safety concerns and containment efforts. Intermediate and long-term ramifications may even be more serious. In addition to the effects of the economic downturn on available research funding, existing research tools and protocols may not meet the emerging needs in the post-COVID-19 era. This paper discusses potential trends and challenges that psychiatric practice and research may encounter in this period from the viewpoint of workers in the field. We outline some measures that clinicians and researchers can implement to adapt to the emerging changes in psychiatry and to mitigate the forthcoming effects of the crisis.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psiquiatria/tendências , Psicoterapia , Pesquisa Biomédica , Humanos , Pandemias , Psicoterapia/tendências , Apoio à Pesquisa como Assunto
5.
IEEE Pulse ; 11(3): 2-6, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-607664

RESUMO

An estimated 792 million people live with mental health disorders worldwide-more than one in ten people-and this number is expected to grow in the shadow of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Unfortunately, there aren't enough mental health professionals to treat all these people. Can artificial intelligence (AI) help? While many psychiatrists have different views on this question, recent developments suggest AI may change the practice of psychiatry for both clinicians and patients.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/tendências , Psiquiatria/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Aplicativos Móveis , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Psicoterapia/tendências , Smartphone
6.
Rev Med Liege ; 75(5-6): 426-431, 2020 May.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496692

RESUMO

Recent technological advances have seen the resumption or the advent of new approaches in the field of psychiatry such as electroconvulsive therapy, repeated transcranial magnetic stimulation, transcranial direct current electrical stimulation or even deep brain stimulation. These new approaches offer a window into the understanding of the neurobiological mechanisms linked to mental illnesses. This review summarizes current knowledges in the field and the future directions for the treatment of depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder.


Assuntos
Estimulação Encefálica Profunda , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo , Psiquiatria , Estimulação Transcraniana por Corrente Contínua , Estimulação Magnética Transcraniana , Humanos , Transtorno Obsessivo-Compulsivo/terapia , Psiquiatria/tendências
7.
Diabetes Metab Syndr ; 14(5): 779-788, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32526627

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Along with its high infectivity and fatality rates, the 2019 Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) has caused universal psychosocial impact by causing mass hysteria, economic burden and financial losses. Mass fear of COVID-19, termed as "coronaphobia", has generated a plethora of psychiatric manifestations across the different strata of the society. So, this review has been undertaken to define psychosocial impact of COVID-19. METHODS: Pubmed and GoogleScholar are searched with the following key terms- "COVID-19", "SARS-CoV2", "Pandemic", "Psychology", "Psychosocial", "Psychitry", "marginalized", "telemedicine", "mental health", "quarantine", "infodemic", "social media" and" "internet". Few news paper reports related to COVID-19 and psychosocial impacts have also been added as per context. RESULTS: Disease itself multiplied by forced quarantine to combat COVID-19 applied by nationwide lockdowns can produce acute panic, anxiety, obsessive behaviors, hoarding, paranoia, and depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the long run. These have been fueled by an "infodemic" spread via different platforms of social media. Outbursts of racism, stigmatization, and xenophobia against particular communities are also being widely reported. Nevertheless, frontline healthcare workers are at higher-risk of contracting the disease as well as experiencing adverse psychological outcomes in form of burnout, anxiety, fear of transmitting infection, feeling of incompatibility, depression, increased substance-dependence, and PTSD. Community-based mitigation programs to combat COVID-19 will disrupt children's usual lifestyle and may cause florid mental distress. The psychosocial aspects of older people, their caregivers, psychiatric patients and marginalized communities are affected by this pandemic in different ways and need special attention. CONCLUSION: For better dealing with these psychosocial issues of different strata of the society, psychosocial crisis prevention and intervention models should be urgently developed by the government, health care personnel and other stakeholders. Apt application of internet services, technology and social media to curb both pandemic and infodemic needs to be instigated. Psychosocial preparedness by setting up mental organizations specific for future pandemics is certainly necessary.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Ansiedade/etiologia , Betacoronavirus/fisiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/terapia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Saúde Mental/estatística & dados numéricos , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/terapia , Psiquiatria/organização & administração , Psiquiatria/normas , Psiquiatria/tendências , Marginalização Social/psicologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Telemedicina/métodos , Telemedicina/organização & administração , Telemedicina/tendências
8.
IEEE Pulse ; 11(3): 2-6, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559160

RESUMO

An estimated 792 million people live with mental health disorders worldwide-more than one in ten people-and this number is expected to grow in the shadow of the Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. Unfortunately, there aren't enough mental health professionals to treat all these people. Can artificial intelligence (AI) help? While many psychiatrists have different views on this question, recent developments suggest AI may change the practice of psychiatry for both clinicians and patients.


Assuntos
Inteligência Artificial/tendências , Psiquiatria/tendências , Betacoronavirus , Infecções por Coronavirus/complicações , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Humanos , Transtornos Mentais/diagnóstico , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/terapia , Aplicativos Móveis , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/complicações , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psicoterapia/métodos , Psicoterapia/tendências , Smartphone
13.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(1): 25-31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-73348

RESUMO

Deep emotional traumas in societies overwhelmed by large-scale human disasters, like, global pandemic diseases, natural disasters, man-made tragedies, war conflicts, social crises, etc., can cause massive stress-related disorders. Motivated by the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic, the article provides an overview of scientific evidence regarding adverse impact of diverse human disasters on mental health in afflicted groups and societies. Following this broader context, psychosocial impact of COVID-19 as a specific global human disaster is presented, with an emphasis on disturbing mental health aspects of the ongoing pandemic. Limited resources of mental health services in a number of countries around the world are illustrated, which will be further stretched by the forthcoming increase in demand for mental health services due to the global COVID-19 pandemic. Mental health challenges are particularly important for the Republic of Croatia in the current situation, due to disturbing stress of the 2020 Zagreb earthquake and the high pre-pandemic prevalence of chronic Homeland-War-related posttraumatic stress disorders. Comprehensive approach based on digital psychiatry is proposed to address the lack of access to psychiatric services, which includes artificial intelligence, telepsychiatry and an array of new technologies, like internet-based computer-aided mental health tools and services. These tools and means should be utilized as an important part of the whole package of measures to mitigate negative mental health effects of the global coronavirus pandemic. Our scientific and engineering experiences in the design and development of digital tools and means in mitigation of stress-related disorders and assessment of stress resilience are presented. Croatian initiative on enhancement of interdisciplinary research of psychiatrists, psychologists and computer scientists on the national and EU level is important in addressing pressing mental health concerns related to the ongoing pandemic and similar human disasters.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Desastres , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psiquiatria , Telemedicina , Inteligência Artificial , Betacoronavirus , Croácia , Humanos , Internet , Pandemias , Psiquiatria/tendências , Telemedicina/tendências , Interface Usuário-Computador
18.
Rev Med Suisse ; 16(N° 691-2): 855-858, 2020 Apr 29.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32348053

RESUMO

Coronavirus pandemic challenges mental health care providers in different ways. At an individual level, they have to adapt their clinical practice and consider specific issues of teleconsultations to address patient's needs. At a population level, dedicated interventions (e.g. hotlines, health professionals' support) have to strike a balance between «â€…pathologizing ¼ people's reactions and trivializing the psychological effects of a pandemic. Finally, psychiatric leaders must be able to advise decision-makers on mental-health policy and communication.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Saúde Mental , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Psiquiatria/métodos , Saúde Pública , Telemedicina/tendências , Esgotamento Psicológico/prevenção & controle , Esgotamento Psicológico/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Política de Saúde , Linhas Diretas , Humanos , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psiquiatria/tendências
20.
Psychiatr Danub ; 32(1): 25-31, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32303026

RESUMO

Deep emotional traumas in societies overwhelmed by large-scale human disasters, like, global pandemic diseases, natural disasters, man-made tragedies, war conflicts, social crises, etc., can cause massive stress-related disorders. Motivated by the ongoing global coronavirus pandemic, the article provides an overview of scientific evidence regarding adverse impact of diverse human disasters on mental health in afflicted groups and societies. Following this broader context, psychosocial impact of COVID-19 as a specific global human disaster is presented, with an emphasis on disturbing mental health aspects of the ongoing pandemic. Limited resources of mental health services in a number of countries around the world are illustrated, which will be further stretched by the forthcoming increase in demand for mental health services due to the global COVID-19 pandemic. Mental health challenges are particularly important for the Republic of Croatia in the current situation, due to disturbing stress of the 2020 Zagreb earthquake and the high pre-pandemic prevalence of chronic Homeland-War-related posttraumatic stress disorders. Comprehensive approach based on digital psychiatry is proposed to address the lack of access to psychiatric services, which includes artificial intelligence, telepsychiatry and an array of new technologies, like internet-based computer-aided mental health tools and services. These tools and means should be utilized as an important part of the whole package of measures to mitigate negative mental health effects of the global coronavirus pandemic. Our scientific and engineering experiences in the design and development of digital tools and means in mitigation of stress-related disorders and assessment of stress resilience are presented. Croatian initiative on enhancement of interdisciplinary research of psychiatrists, psychologists and computer scientists on the national and EU level is important in addressing pressing mental health concerns related to the ongoing pandemic and similar human disasters.


Assuntos
Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Desastres , Serviços de Saúde Mental , Saúde Mental , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Psiquiatria , Telemedicina , Inteligência Artificial , Betacoronavirus , Croácia , Humanos , Internet , Pandemias , Psiquiatria/tendências , Telemedicina/tendências , Interface Usuário-Computador
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