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3.
Phys Med ; 75: 83-84, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32559649

RESUMO

In the current pandemic times, medical physicists may not be aware that there is an interesting story on two significant discoveries related to the coronavirus. One is the invention of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and the other is the first electron microscopic observation and identification of the coronavirus. Both of them were disregarded by the reviewers and major journals declined to publish these discoveries. These days, PCR, for example, is a widespread method for analyzing DNA, having a profound effect on healthcare, especially now during the Covid-19 pandemic. Prejudice or perhaps ignorance prevail in every aspect of our society, and there is no exception in scientific research. We need to, however, learn from these two stories and be open-minded about novel discoveries and findings - as they may be just disruptive in the "right" way to lead to an unexpected breakthrough.


Assuntos
Coronavirus , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Preconceito/história , Comunicação Acadêmica/história , Coronavirus/classificação , Coronavirus/ultraestrutura , Infecções por Coronavirus , História do Século XX , Humanos , Microscopia Imunoeletrônica/história , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/história
5.
J Anesth Hist ; 6(2): 38-41, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32593375

RESUMO

Milton Antony (1789-1839), an apprenticed trained physician, began educating medical apprentices in 1826 and helped to establish the Medical College of Georgia (MCG) in 1829. Antony recruited additional faculty, Louis Dugas (anatomy and physiology), and Paul Eve (surgery), and together they worked to promote the dissemination of new medical knowledge and enhance and reform medical education. As a result of their efforts, the Southern Medical and Surgical Journal (SMSJ) was established in 1836. The SMSJ became the most successful and widely read regional medical journal. Unfortunately, upon the death of Milton Antony because of the Augusta yellow fever epidemic, the SMSJ ceased publication in 1839. Paul Eve then became Dean of MCG and revived the SMSJ in 1844. Crawford Long (1815-1878) administered ether anesthesia for surgical removal of a neck tumor to James Venable in 1842. For several possible reasons, he did not publish his experience with ether until after Morton's demonstration of ether in Boston in 1846. Crawford Long did meet with Paul Eve, in Augusta at MCG, and was encouraged to publish his experiences with ether in the revived SMSJ, which he did in 1849. It is quite possible that if Milton Antony had lived, and the SMSJ had been continuously published, that Crawford Long may have published his use of ether well in advance of Morton's ether demonstration in 1846. Had that occurred, the great controversy during the mid-nineteenth century over who first used ether for surgical anesthesia would not have existed, and Crawford Long would have received appropriate credit during his lifetime.


Assuntos
Anestesiologia/história , Anestésicos Inalatórios/história , Éter/história , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , Faculdades de Medicina/história , Pessoal Administrativo/história , Georgia , História do Século XIX , Humanos , Faculdades de Medicina/organização & administração
8.
16.
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(3): 178-184, 2020 Mar 09.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32193914

RESUMO

The professional journals of stomatology, which were dedicated to spread of theoretical knowledge and medical practices, has demonstrated their important value for studying the development of stomatology. The historical details of these stomatological journals published in modern China from 1840 to 1949, such as publication background, chief founders, aims, main features and the contents of articles, are of great importance for investigating not only the humanistic features, but also the development of stomatology in China. Twenty-three professional journals of stomatology in modern China and 2 260 articles published in them have been verified through text analysis and archives. The features and functions of these journals were further analyzed in order to enrich the humanities and historical research of modern Chinese stomatology.


Assuntos
Medicina Bucal , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/história , China , História do Século XIX , História do Século XX
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