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4.
Pan Afr Med J ; 33: 298, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31692770

RESUMO

In Africa, training programmes as well as institutional policies on research integrity are lacking. Institutions have a responsibility to oversee research integrity through various efforts, including policies and training. We developed, implemented and evaluated an institutional approach to promote research integrity at African institutions, comprising a workshop for researchers ("bottom-up") and discussions with senior faculty on institutional policies ("top-down"). During the first day, we facilitated a workshop to introduce research integrity and promote best practices with regards to authorship, plagiarism, redundant publication and conflicts of interest. We used a variety of interactive teaching approaches to facilitate learning, including individual and group activities, small group discussions and case-based learning. We met with senior faculty on the following day to provide feedback and insights from the workshop, review current institutional policies and provide examples of what other research groups are doing. We evaluated the process. Participants actively engaged in discussions, recognised the importance of the topic and acknowledged that poor practices occurred at their institution. Discussions with senior researchers resulted in the establishment of a working group tasked with developing a publication policy for the institution. Our approach kick-started conversations on research integrity at institutions. There is a need for continued discussions, integrated training programmes and implementation of institutional policies and guidelines to promote good practices.


Assuntos
Política Organizacional , Pesquisadores/organização & administração , Pesquisa/normas , África , Autoria/normas , Humanos , Publicações/normas , Pesquisa/educação , Pesquisadores/educação
6.
Complement Ther Med ; 45: 185-189, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31331558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Health research reporting guidelines for case reports (CARE - CAse REport) published in 2013 and 2017 have become a generally accepted standard for publishing case reports. The CARE guidelines represent an architectural framework for writing an evidence-based case report that can be customized as need for a specialty (or disease) if needed. We aim to develop a CARE guideline extension for acupuncture following the EQUATOR Network (Enhancing the QUAlity and Transparency Of health Research) and the 2010″Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting". We have established a group of international experts including; clinicians, researchers and methodologists. We performed a needs assessment based on a review of acupuncture case reports published in the indexed medical literature. The needs assessment will be followed by (1) a series of expert interviews to establish a draft, (2) a modified Delphi process, and (3) a consensus meeting. Following the consensus meeting we will pilot test the CARE draft before publishing the CARE extension for acupuncture. METHODS: We will develop the CARE extensions for acupuncture following recommendations of the EQUATOR Network and the 2010 "Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting". We will establish an international multidisciplinary group including clinical practitioners, acupuncturists, researchers of reporting guidelines on acupuncture, clinical epidemiologists and statisticians. We performed a needs assessment, reviewing published case reports using acupuncture as a therapeutic intervention from indexed medical journals (PubMed-PMC and Medline, Scopus, Embase, the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), Wan Fang database, Chinese BioMedicine database (CBM), China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and VIP). In consultations with advisors we will develop a draft of potential items to be included in the CARE extension for acupuncture. Then we will conduct a modified Delphi process of at least three rounds, hold a face-to-face consensus meeting, pilot test and submit the CARE extension for acupuncture for publication. CONCLUSION: The development of a widely accepted CARE extension for acupuncture for case reports published in indexed medical journals. These guidelines will follow the EQUATOR Network recommendations and the 2010 "Guidance for Developers of Health Research Reporting".


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/normas , Publicações/normas , Pesquisa/normas , Redação/normas , China , Consenso , Humanos , Literatura
8.
Br J Oral Maxillofac Surg ; 57(5): 412-418, 2019 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31054792

RESUMO

The aim and objective of this study was to evaluate the quality and readability of leaflet and online Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery patient information leaflets (PILs). The quality, readability and grade level of each PIL was assessed using the DISCERN, Flesch Reading Ease and Flesh-Kincaid Grade Level instruments respectively. In total, 140 patient information leaflets were assessed. For both leaflet and online PILs, many items of the DISCERN instrument were deemed of low quality and poorly reported. The median overall quality score was 30.2. Variation in the quality and readability scores between leaflet and online PILs and those produced by various societies was evident. Overall, PILs were deemed to be of moderate quality. Online PILs were of lower quality, more difficult to read and aimed at a higher reading age level.


Assuntos
Compreensão , Folhetos , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Leitura , Cirurgia Bucal , Humanos , Internet , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/normas , Publicações/normas , Registros
9.
West J Emerg Med ; 20(3): 527-536, 2019 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31123556

RESUMO

Introduction: The objective of this study was to review and critically appraise the medical education literature pertaining to a flipped-classroom (FC) education model, and to highlight influential papers that inform our current understanding of the role of the FC in medical education. Methods: A search of the English-language literature querying Education Resources Information Center (ERIC), PsychINFO, PubMed, and Scopus identified 296 papers related to the FC using either quantitative, qualitative, or review methods. Two reviewers independently screened each category of publications using previously established exclusion criteria. Eight reviewers then independently scored the remaining 54 publications using either a qualitative, quantitative, or review-paper scoring system. Each scoring system consisted of nine criteria and used parallel metrics that have been previously used in critical appraisals of education research. Results: A total of 54 papers (33 quantitative, four qualitative, and 17 review) on FC met a priori criteria for inclusion and were critically appraised and reviewed. The top 10 highest scoring articles (five quantitative studies, two qualitative studies, and three review papers) are summarized in this article. Conclusion: This installment of the Council of Emergency Medicine Residency Directors (CORD) Academy Critical Appraisal series highlights 10 papers that describe the current state of literature on the flipped classroom, including an analysis of the benefits and drawbacks of an FC approach, practical implications for emergency medicine educators, and next steps for future research.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Medicina de Emergência/educação , Publicações/normas , Materiais de Ensino/normas , Educação Médica/métodos , Educação Médica/tendências , Humanos , Modelos Educacionais
10.
PLoS One ; 14(4): e0216029, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31026286

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Adverse events (AEs) associated with the use of fluoroquinolone antimicrobials include Clostridium difficile associated diarrhea (CDAD), liver injury and seizures. Yet, the economic impact of these AEs is seldom acknowledged. The aim of this review was to identify health service use and subsequent costs associated with ciprofloxacin, levofloxacin, moxifloxacin, norfloxacin and ofloxacin -related AEs. METHODS: A literature search covering Medline, SCOPUS, Cinahl, Web of Science and Cochrane Library was performed in April 2017. Two independent reviewers systematically extracted the data and assessed the quality of the included studies. All costs were converted to 2016 euro in order to improve comparability. RESULTS: Of the 5,687 references found in the literature search, 19 observational studies, of which five were case-controlled, fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Hospitalization was an AE-related health service use outcome in 17 studies. Length of hospital stay associated with AEs varied between <5 and 45 days. The estimated cost of an AE episode ranged between 140 and 18,252 €. CDAD was associated with the longest stays in hospital. Ten studies reported AE-related length of stays and five evaluated costs associated with AEs. Due to the lack of published literature, health service use and costs associated with many high-risk FQ-related AEs could not be evaluated. CONCLUSIONS: Because of the wide clinical use of fluoroquinolones, in particular serious fluoroquinolone-related AEs can have substantial economic implications, in addition to imposing potentially devastating health complications for patients. Further measures are required to prevent and reduce health service use and costs associated with fluoroquinolone-related AEs. Equally, better-quality reporting and additional published data on health service use and costs associated with AEs are needed.


Assuntos
Utilização de Instalações e Serviços , Fluoroquinolonas/efeitos adversos , Fluoroquinolonas/economia , Custos de Cuidados de Saúde , Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Publicações/normas
11.
Med Ref Serv Q ; 38(1): 22-30, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30942683

RESUMO

Rising collection costs sometimes necessitate tough decisions regarding cancellation of popular products. In 2015-2016, the East Tennessee State University Medical Library subscribed to UpToDate and DynaMed Plus, both clinical point-of-care products, with the understanding that one product would be canceled at the fiscal year end. The librarian team undertook a year-long community engagement campaign to inform library users about the pending product cancellation decision. Ultimately, DynaMed Plus was selected and UpToDate was cancelled. The campaign generated user engagement with the decision making, along with perceived benefits including increased awareness of the library's budget constraints, increased discussion of scholarly publishing, and greater faculty/student knowledge of evaluating evidence-based products.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor , Coleta de Dados/normas , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Bibliotecas Médicas/organização & administração , Desenvolvimento de Coleções em Bibliotecas/normas , Sistemas Automatizados de Assistência Junto ao Leito , Publicações/normas , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Tennessee
14.
J Korean Med Sci ; 34(8): e35, 2019 Mar 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30833878

RESUMO

The appropriate plot effectively conveys the author's conclusions to readers. Journal of Korean Medical Science will provide a series of special articles to show you how to make consistent and excellent plots easier. In the first of this series of special articles, I will cover Kaplan-Meier curve (or Kaplan-Meier plot) and the ease tools. This plot, generated as a result of the Survival Analysis, provides a visualization of the 'Kaplan-Meier Survival Probability Estimate' for each group.


Assuntos
Guias como Assunto , Publicações/normas , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Análise de Sobrevida
16.
Nat Rev Cancer ; 19(3): 121, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30737456
17.
J Med Libr Assoc ; 107(1): 1-5, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598643

RESUMO

The purpose of this editorial is to distinguish between case reports and case studies. In health, case reports are familiar ways of sharing events or efforts of intervening with single patients with previously unreported features. As a qualitative methodology, case study research encompasses a great deal more complexity than a typical case report and often incorporates multiple streams of data combined in creative ways. The depth and richness of case study description helps readers understand the case and whether findings might be applicable beyond that setting.


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Estudos de Casos Organizacionais/normas , Publicações/normas , Projetos de Pesquisa/normas , Humanos , Pesquisa Qualitativa
18.
BMC Res Notes ; 12(1): 32, 2019 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30658704

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Evaluation of published research in a region provides insight into relevant aspects of clinical care and research priorities. This study aimed to provide a comprehensive assessment of the type of critical care research published in the World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean region (EMR) over a 10-year period. RESULTS: During the study period (2007-2016), the search strategy revealed 4303 publications, of which 1537 were included in the analysis; studies were excluded for the following reasons: not critical care, conducted in non-EMR countries, editorials, case reports, in-vitro or animal studies, as well as those conducted in multiple countries and those that evaluated foreign military personal. Countries varied in the number of publications produced, ranging from none in Somalia to 620 in Iran. The majority of the studies were observational (78%), evaluated adults (73%), and the most common areas of research were infectious (29%) and respiratory (10%) diseases. Median sample size was 120 and the mean (SD) impact factor of the journals in which the articles were published was 1.02 (0.7).


Assuntos
Pesquisa Biomédica/estatística & dados numéricos , Cuidados Críticos/estatística & dados numéricos , Coleta de Dados/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Pesquisa Biomédica/métodos , Pesquisa Biomédica/normas , Cuidados Críticos/métodos , Cuidados Críticos/normas , Coleta de Dados/métodos , Humanos , Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Região do Mediterrâneo , Publicações/normas , Organização Mundial da Saúde
19.
Clin Drug Investig ; 39(2): 157-168, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30460486

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Egypt faces many challenges when matching patient needs with available resources. Consequently, there has been an increasing interest in pharmacoeconomics as an aid tool in health decision-making to better allocate resources. OBJECTIVES: To review and evaluate the volume and the quality of published pharmacoeconomic studies in Egypt. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in August 2018 using PubMed, Google Scholar, and Cochrane library to identify published Egyptian pharmacoeconomic studies. Articles were included if they were original economic studies, written and published in English, and conducted in Egypt. Each article was assessed independently by two reviewers using the 100-point Quality of Health Evaluation Studies (QHES) scale. RESULTS: Fifteen studies published between 2002 and 2017 were included in the review. Most of them were cost-effectiveness analyses (60%). The minority used secondary data (33.3%) or adopted modeling techniques (40%). The mean QHES score of the included studies was 70.1 ± 21.8, and approximately 40% of them had a QHES score of more than 80. CONCLUSION: Pharmacoeconomic evaluations in Egypt are still in their infancy. The Egyptian guidelines for economic evaluation should be adopted and the EQ-5D-5L value sets should be developed to increase the quality of economic research.


Assuntos
Farmacoeconomia , Publicações/normas , Análise Custo-Benefício , Egito , Humanos
20.
Acad Radiol ; 26(2): 282-285, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29731421

RESUMO

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to characterize articles in popular general radiology journals that go uncited for a decade after publication. METHODS: Using the Web of Science database, we identified annual citation counts for 13,459 articles published in Radiology, American Journal of Roentgenology, and Academic Radiology between 1997 and 2006. From this article cohort, we then identified all original research articles that accrued zero citations within a decade of publication. A concurrent equal-sized cohort of most cited articles was created. Numerous characteristics of the uncited and most cited articles were identified and compared. RESULTS: Only 47 uncited articles went uncited for a decade after publication. When compared to the 47 most cited articles over that same window, the uncited articles were significantly (P < .05) less likely to have a clinical focus, include a nonradiologist author and authors from multiple institutions and multiple nations, report research funding support and statistically significant findings, and include punctuation marks in their titles. Compared to the most cited articles, uncited articles also had significantly (P < .05) fewer authors, abstract words, manuscript words, references, tables, figure parts, and pages, as well as smaller subject sample sizes. CONCLUSION: Of articles published in popular general radiology journals, only a very small number of original research investigations remained uncited a decade after publication. Given that citations reflect the impact of radiology research, this observation suggests that journals are appropriately selecting meaningful work. Investigators seeking to avoid futile publication might consider their research initiatives in light of these characteristics.


Assuntos
Fator de Impacto de Revistas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto , Publicações , Radiologia/métodos , Bibliometria , Bases de Dados Factuais , Humanos , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/normas , Publicações Periódicas como Assunto/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicações/normas , Publicações/estatística & dados numéricos , Estados Unidos
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