Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 272
Filtrar
1.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 44(1): 22-27, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003540

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012 came into force to promote the safe and responsible sale, supply, and consumption of alcohol in New Zealand. The Act was intended to minimise harm caused by excessive consumption of alcohol and reduce exposure to alcohol promotion. This study assessed supermarket adherence to sections 112-114 of the Act related to the display and advertisement of alcohol. It also assessed consumer exposure to alcohol marketing in these businesses. METHODS: This paper reports on an audit of nine supermarkets in a major New Zealand city. RESULTS: Supermarkets exhibited high average adherence with the Act (86% adherence across audit fields); despite this, exposure to alcohol displays, promotions and advertisements remained an issue regardless of supermarket geographic location, size or chain affiliation. CONCLUSIONS: Supermarkets are an increasingly popular source of off-licence alcohol sales. Exposure to alcohol marketing in these businesses will likely influence consumer purchasing behaviour. Implications for public health: As an important public health challenge, based on this study, it would appear that supermarkets mostly meet the provisions of the Sale and Supply of Alcohol Act 2012, but not the intent. Additional work is required to strengthen their response to the Act.


Assuntos
Bebidas Alcoólicas/provisão & distribução , Comportamento do Consumidor , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/métodos , Marketing/métodos , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Bebidas Alcoólicas/legislação & jurisprudência , Comércio , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Marketing/legislação & jurisprudência , Nova Zelândia
2.
Bone Joint J ; 102-B(2): 148-154, 2020 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32009438

RESUMO

Cell therapies hold significant promise for the treatment of injured or diseased musculoskeletal tissues. However, despite advances in research, there is growing concern about the increasing number of clinical centres around the world that are making unwarranted claims or are performing risky biological procedures. Such providers have been known to recommend, prescribe, or deliver so called 'stem cell' preparations without sufficient data to support their true content and efficacy. In this annotation, we outline the current environment of stem cell-based treatments and the strategies of marketing directly to consumers. We also outline the difficulties in the regulation of these clinics and make recommendations for best practice and the identification and reporting of illegitimate providers. Cite this article: Bone Joint J 2020;102-B(2):148-154.


Assuntos
Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/normas , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde/normas , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/cirurgia , Segurança do Paciente/normas , Transplante de Células-Tronco/normas , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/legislação & jurisprudência , Qualidade de Produtos para o Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Qualidade de Produtos para o Consumidor/normas , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências , Humanos , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde/legislação & jurisprudência , Marketing de Serviços de Saúde/tendências , Segurança do Paciente/legislação & jurisprudência , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Transplante de Células-Tronco/legislação & jurisprudência , Transplante de Células-Tronco/tendências , Reino Unido , Estados Unidos
4.
S Afr Med J ; 109(12): 902-906, 2019 Nov 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31865949

RESUMO

Despite clear evidence of the benefits of exclusive and continued breastfeeding for children, women and society, far too few children in South Africa (SA) are breastfed. One of the major impediments to improving this situation is the continued and aggressive marketing of breastmilk substitutes (BMSs) and infiltration of the BMS industry into contexts with exposure to health professionals. In this article we, as academics, practitioners and child health advocates, describe contraventions of the regulations that protect breastfeeding in SA and argue that bold, proactive leadership to eliminate conflict of interest in respect of the BMS industry is urgently required, together with far greater investments in proven interventions to promote and support breastfeeding.


Assuntos
Conflito de Interesses , Indústria Alimentícia/economia , Fórmulas Infantis/economia , Aleitamento Materno/tendências , Saúde da Criança , Conflito de Interesses/legislação & jurisprudência , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor , Indústria Alimentícia/legislação & jurisprudência , Humanos , Lactente , Fórmulas Infantis/legislação & jurisprudência , Fórmulas Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , África do Sul
6.
Nutr. hosp ; 36(5): 1213-1222, sept.-oct. 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-184647

RESUMO

El Ministerio de Sanidad de España, en noviembre de 2018, notificó oficialmente la adopción del etiquetado nutricional frontal Nutri-Score que permitirá a los consumidores juzgar fácilmente la calidad nutricional de los alimentos en el momento de la compra e incitar a los industriales a mejorar la composición nutricional de sus productos alimentarios. Este artículo sintetiza los trabajos científicos realizados que ponen en relieve la validación del perfil nutricional que subyace al cálculo de Nutri-Score, y los trabajos que demuestran su eficacia y superioridad con respecto a otros logotipos existentes o propuestos por agentes económicos. Asimismo, se hace un balance de su desarrollo en España y en el seno de la Unión Europea y se responde a las fake-news transmitidas por sus detractores. Se presenta también la Iniciativa Ciudadana Europea para que este etiquetado frontal sea obligatorio en Europa


The Spanish Ministry of Health, in November 2018, notified the officially adoption of the front-of-pack nutrition label Nutri-Score which will allow consumers to easily judge the nutritional quality of food at the time of purchase and to encourage industrialists to improve the nutritional composition of food. This article synthesizes the scientific work pertaining to the validation of the nutritional profile that underlies the computation of Nutri-Score and works that demonstrate its effectiveness and superiority in comparison to other existing logos or proposed by food companies. Likewise, it highlights its development in Spain and within the European Union and responds to the fake-news raised by its detractors. It also introduces the European Citizens' Initiative to make it compulsory in Europe


Assuntos
Humanos , Política Nutricional/legislação & jurisprudência , Informação Nutricional , Rotulagem Nutricional , Valor Nutritivo , Saúde Pública/normas , Qualidade de Produtos para o Consumidor/normas , Informação de Saúde ao Consumidor/normas , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/normas
7.
Nutrients ; 11(8)2019 Aug 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31404967

RESUMO

Marketing unhealthy foods negatively impacts children's food preferences, dietary habits and health, prompting calls for regulations that will help to create an "enabling" food environment for children. One powerful food marketing technique is product packaging, but little is known about the nature or quality of child-targeted food products over time. This study assesses how child-targeted supermarket foods in Canada have transformed with respect to nutritional profile and types of marketing appeals (that is, the power of such marketing). Products from 2009 (n = 354) and from 2017 (n = 374) were first evaluated and compared in light of two established nutritional criteria, and then compared in terms of marketing techniques on packages. Overall, child-targeted supermarket foods did not improve nutritionally over time: 88% of child-targeted products (across both datasets) would not be permitted to be marketed to children, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria, and sugar levels remained consistently high. Despite this poor nutritional quality, the use of nutrition claims increased significantly over time, as did the use of cartoon characters and appealing fonts to attract children's attention. Character licensing-using characters from entertainment companies-remained consistent. The findings reveal the critical need to consider packaging as part of the strategy for protecting children from unhealthy food marketing. Given the poor nutritional quality and appealing nature of child-oriented supermarket foods, food product packaging needs to be included in the WHO's call to improve the restrictions on unhealthy food marketing to children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Comércio/tendências , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências , Rotulagem de Alimentos/tendências , Valor Nutritivo , Fatores Etários , Canadá , Criança , Ingestão de Energia , Comportamento Alimentar , Humanos , Recomendações Nutricionais/tendências , Fatores de Tempo
8.
Health Mark Q ; 36(3): 220-235, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267822

RESUMO

This study examines variables associated with behavior for obtaining prescription medications with or without doctors' prescriptions following direct-to-consumer prescription medication advertisement (DTCA) exposure. Data were analyzed from 631 college students. We found that viewing traditional or cable television DTCA was associated with lower agreement for obtaining prescription medications from a doctor. Reading social media DTCA print content on Twitter was associated with higher agreement for obtaining a prescription medication without a doctor's prescription. In conclusion, college students go for digital social media DTCA and not digital Internet DTCA or traditional DTCA.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Mídias Sociais/tendências , Adulto , Indústria Farmacêutica/economia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Médicos , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/economia , Teoria Psicológica , Estudantes , Adulto Jovem
9.
Health Mark Q ; 36(3): 186-202, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31294675

RESUMO

Breast cancer related promotions, advertising, and pink ribbons are now ubiquitous in October, yet comparatively little is known about how this advertising impacts breast cancer survivors specifically. The present research uses an embodied knowledge perspective to explore the impact of cancer advertising on female breast cancer survivors. Five focus groups were conducted with 42 participants, and the discussions were analyzed to find common themes. The survivors expressed a desire for cancer advertising to be representative, informative (particularly regarding detection and treatment options), hopeful, and transparent about the organization's motivation and support. Implications and recommendations are also discussed.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama/terapia , Sobreviventes de Câncer/psicologia , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/ética , Motivação , Adulto , Idoso , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências , Detecção Precoce de Câncer , Feminino , Grupos Focais , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Revelação da Verdade
10.
Am J Health Syst Pharm ; 76(7): 424-435, 2019 Mar 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31361827

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this review is to (1) provide information concerning the opioid crisis including origins, trends, and some important related laws/policies; and (2) summarize the current involvement and impact of pharmacists in helping to address the crisis, as well as examine practices in other healthcare disciplines from which pharmacists might derive guidance and strategies. SUMMARY: Contributors to the opioid crisis included campaigns to treat pain as a fifth vital sign and to use opioids in treatment of non-cancer-related pain, as well as aggressive marketing of opioid analgesics by pharmaceutical companies. To address the crisis, numerous strategies have been implemented at the policy/legislative, health-system, and patient levels, such as prescription drug monitoring programs (PDMPs), increased regulation of pain clinics, and expanded use of naloxone. Pharmacists have a critical role to play in interventions to address opioid misuse and reduce harm resulting from misuse. Such interventions include patient screening and risk stratification, patient and community education and outreach concerning appropriate pain management, medication reviews/medication therapy management, education on safe storage and disposal, distribution of naloxone/opioid rescue kits and training on their proper use, and referral of patients to addiction treatment, among other strategies. CONCLUSION: Pharmacists have multiple, complex roles in addressing the opioid crisis. Outcomes of several studies provide substantial evidence that pharmacists can make an impact through appropriate pain management, use of PDMPs, opioid overdose prevention training, and medication reviews and counseling, among other interventions.


Assuntos
Analgésicos Opioides/efeitos adversos , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/epidemiologia , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Farmacêuticos/organização & administração , Aconselhamento , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Revisão de Uso de Medicamentos/organização & administração , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Prescrição Inadequada/efeitos adversos , Prescrição Inadequada/legislação & jurisprudência , Prescrição Inadequada/prevenção & controle , Conduta do Tratamento Medicamentoso/organização & administração , Naloxona/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas de Entorpecentes/uso terapêutico , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/etiologia , Transtornos Relacionados ao Uso de Opioides/terapia , Assistência Farmacêutica/organização & administração , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/efeitos adversos , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/legislação & jurisprudência , Uso Indevido de Medicamentos sob Prescrição/prevenção & controle , Papel Profissional , Estados Unidos/epidemiologia
12.
Health Mark Q ; 36(3): 169-185, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180277

RESUMO

This research examines the influence of visual metaphors in direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for prescription drugs. Results indicate that consumers' propensity to imagine enhances their objective comprehension of direct-to-consumer (DTC) pharmaceutical advertisements that contain fused visual metaphors (vs. juxtaposed visual metaphors). Additionally, when DTC pharmaceutical advertisements feature visual metaphors with low comparability, consumers primed with imagination-focused visualization rather than memory-focused visualization inducements experience greater information-seeking intentions regarding drug health risks for ads using fused rather than juxtaposed visual metaphors. These results suggest notable DTCA insights for advertising and policymaking.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências , Indústria Farmacêutica/economia , Imaginação , Metáfora , Medicamentos sob Prescrição/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Comportamento de Busca de Informação , Masculino
13.
J Health Polit Policy Law ; 44(5): 765-787, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31199865

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Spending on direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) for prescription pharmaceuticals has risen to record levels, five times as much as in 1996 in inflation-adjusted dollars. Major health care provider organizations have called for additional regulation of DTCA. These organizations argue that the negative impact of such advertising outweighs the informational value claimed by the pharmaceutical industry. The industry maintains that further restrictions on DTCA are not warranted because it is successfully self-regulating via "guiding principles" for DTCA as certified by firm executives. METHODS: The authors measured recent industry spending on DTCA and used regression models of Nielsen Monitor-Plus data to assess pharmaceutical firm self-regulation after the public disclosure of noncompliance with industry self-regulatory principles, specifically regarding the exposure of children and adolescents to broadcast advertisements for erectile dysfunction drugs. FINDINGS: Public disclosure of noncompliance with self-regulatory DTCA standards did not bring advertising into compliance. Results demonstrate that firms failed to meet the industry standard during every quarter of the six-year period of this study. CONCLUSIONS: Results support previous research findings that pharmaceutical self-regulation is a deceptive blocking strategy rather than a means for the industry to police itself. Policy recommendations include broadcast restrictions on adult content and deincentivizing DTCA via tax reform.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/normas , Indústria Farmacêutica/legislação & jurisprudência , Disfunção Erétil/economia , Fidelidade a Diretrizes , Guias como Assunto , Adolescente , Criança , Disfunção Erétil/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Medicamentos sob Prescrição , Citrato de Sildenafila , Tadalafila , Dicloridrato de Vardenafila , Vasodilatadores
14.
N Z Med J ; 132(1496): 59-65, 2019 06 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31170134

RESUMO

The government of New Zealand is currently considering a new Therapeutic Products Regulatory Scheme that includes how direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of prescription drugs should be regulated. This article reviews three different types of possible regulation of DTCA: government regulation, industry self-regulation and a mixture of the two. Recent studies demonstrate that DTC ads in the US continue to be misleading and contain minimal if any educational value, despite governmental regulatory efforts by the Food and Drug Administration. Other regulatory models are equally unsuccessful at controlling DTCA. Available evidence suggests that DTC ads are commonly misinterpreted as trusted public health messages and are more likely to affect vulnerable subgroups of New Zealanders. Taken together with the international evidence that regulation has consistently failed to prevent the inappropriate promotion of prescription medicines, these findings suggest that DTCA is more likely to cause harm than benefit and should be banned.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/legislação & jurisprudência , Indústria Farmacêutica/legislação & jurisprudência , Regulamentação Governamental , Medicamentos sob Prescrição , Canadá , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Determinação de Necessidades de Cuidados de Saúde , Nova Zelândia , Estados Unidos
15.
Nutrients ; 11(6)2019 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142018

RESUMO

Most food industry marketing in products targeted at children is found in packages of foods containing either excessive fat, sugar, or salt. This study audited all 5620 packaged foods available in a store of a large Brazilian supermarket chain and retrieved information from the nutrition facts tables on package labels. Products were photographed for further visual analysis to determine the presence of marketing strategies directed at children. Comparison of nutrient content per 100 g between children's and non-children's food products employed the Student t-test or the Mann-Whitney U-test (p-value < 0.05), due to the non-normal distribution of the nutritional composition data as verified through the Shapiro-Wilk test. Brazilian children's food products from groups 4, 5, and 7 presented higher carbohydrate content than similar non-children's products, while children's food products from groups 1 and 7 presented lower fiber content. Results indicate that regulation on food labeling needs revising as it has not been effective in stopping the marketing of energy-dense nutrient-poor foods towards children.


Assuntos
Comportamento Infantil , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor , Comportamento Alimentar , Rotulagem de Alimentos , Valor Nutritivo , Recomendações Nutricionais , Fatores Etários , Brasil , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Carboidratos da Dieta/administração & dosagem , Fibras na Dieta/administração & dosagem , Ingestão de Energia , Humanos
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30970565

RESUMO

Background: Perceptions of neighbourhood attributes such as proximity of food retailers that are discordant with objective measures of the same are associated with poor health behaviours and weight gain. Factors associated with discordant perceptions are likely relevant to planning more effective interventions to improve health. Purpose: Analysis of cross-sectional relationships between individual and neighbourhood factors and overestimations of walking distances to local fruit/vegetable retailers (FVR). Methods: Perceived walking times, converted to distances, between participant residences and FVR were compared with objectively-assessed road network distances calculated with a Geographic Information System for n = 1305 adults residing in Adelaide, South Australia. Differences between perceived and objective distances were expressed as 'overestimated' distances and were analysed relative to perceptions consistent with objective distances. Cross-sectional associations were evaluated between individual socio-demographic, health, and area-level characteristics and overestimated distances to FVR using multilevel logistic regression. Results: Agreement between objective and perceived distances between participants' residence and the nearest FVR was only fair (weighted kappa = 0.22). Overestimated distances to FVR were positively associated with mental well-being, and were negatively associated with household income, physical functioning, sense of community, and objective distances to greengrocers. Conclusions: Individual characteristics and features of neighbourhoods were related to overestimated distances to FVR. Sense of connectivity and shared identity may shape more accurate understandings of local resource access, and offer a focal point for tailored public health initiatives that bring people together to achieve improved health behaviour.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Planejamento Ambiental , Frutas , Sistemas de Informação Geográfica , Características de Residência/estatística & dados numéricos , Verduras , Caminhada/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Austrália do Sul , Inquéritos e Questionários
17.
Pediatrics ; 143(5)2019 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30962253

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Use of commercial direct-to-consumer (DTC) telemedicine outside of the pediatric medical home is increasing among children, and acute respiratory infections (ARIs) are the most commonly diagnosed condition at DTC telemedicine visits. Our objective was to compare the quality of antibiotic prescribing for ARIs among children across 3 settings: DTC telemedicine, urgent care, and the primary care provider (PCP) office. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study using 2015-2016 claims data from a large national commercial health plan, we identified ARI visits by children (0-17 years old), excluding visits with comorbidities that could affect antibiotic decisions. Visits were matched on age, sex, chronic medical complexity, state, rurality, health plan type, and ARI diagnosis category. Within the matched sample, we compared the percentage of ARI visits with any antibiotic prescribing and the percentage of ARI visits with guideline-concordant antibiotic management. RESULTS: There were 4604 DTC telemedicine, 38 408 urgent care, and 485 201 PCP visits for ARIs in the matched sample. Antibiotic prescribing was higher for DTC telemedicine visits than for other settings (52% of DTC telemedicine visits versus 42% urgent care and 31% PCP visits; P < .001 for both comparisons). Guideline-concordant antibiotic management was lower at DTC telemedicine visits than at other settings (59% of DTC telemedicine visits versus 67% urgent care and 78% PCP visits; P < .001 for both comparisons). CONCLUSIONS: At DTC telemedicine visits, children with ARIs were more likely to receive antibiotics and less likely to receive guideline-concordant antibiotic management compared to children at PCP visits and urgent care visits.


Assuntos
Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências , Prescrições de Medicamentos , Pediatria/tendências , Telemedicina/tendências , Adolescente , Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/normas , Instituições de Assistência Ambulatorial/tendências , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Estudos de Coortes , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/normas , Prescrições de Medicamentos/normas , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Telemedicina/normas
18.
Science ; 364(6437): 213, 2019 04 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31000637
19.
J Am Assoc Nurse Pract ; 31(3): 152-155, 2019 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30839387

RESUMO

There are approximately 250 direct to consumer (DTC) genetic testing companies marketing different testing options such as genetic health risk, carrier status, ancestry, wellness, traits, noninvasive prenatal genetic testing, athleticism, and many others. As a result, choosing the most appropriate test may be daunting when compared with a focused genetic test ordered by a clinician. A wealth of information may be discovered and care must be taken by both consumers and clinicians when deciphering test results. This column highlights considerations when proceeding forward with a DTC genetic test.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Consumidor/economia , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/métodos , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Comportamento do Consumidor/estatística & dados numéricos , Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor/tendências , Testes Genéticos/economia , Testes Genéticos/tendências , Humanos , Corporações Profissionais/tendências
20.
Aust N Z J Public Health ; 43(2): 190-196, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30830719

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Direct-to-consumer advertising of prescription medicines encourages individuals to search for or request advertised medicines, can stimulate taking medications rather than making lifestyle behaviour changes, and may target individuals with poorer demographic and socioeconomic status and riskier health-related behaviours. This study thus explored whether responses to medicine advertising vary as a function of lifestyle behaviours, and demographic and socioeconomic factors. METHODS: Data were collected through an online survey of a nationally representative sample of 2,057 adults in New Zealand. Multivariate binary logistic regressions were used to explore whether lifestyle behaviours, including nutritional habits, alcohol consumption, illegal drug consumption, physical activity, attitudes towards doing exercise, as well as demographic and socioeconomic status were associated with self-reported behavioural responses to medicine advertising. RESULTS: Individuals who had unhealthier lifestyle behaviours were more likely to respond to medicine advertising. CONCLUSIONS: The findings raise concerns regarding the misuse or overuse of medications for diseases that may otherwise be improved by a healthier lifestyle. Implications for public health: To improve public health and wellbeing of society, we call for regulatory changes regarding advertising of medicines. Where applicable, lifestyle changes should be advertised as potential substitutes for the advertised medicines. Interprofessional collaboration is also recommended to educate individuals and convey the value of health behaviour changes.


Assuntos
Publicidade Direta ao Consumidor , Comportamentos Relacionados com a Saúde , Estilo de Vida , Medicamentos sob Prescrição , Adulto , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nova Zelândia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA