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1.
BMC Plant Biol ; 22(1): 10, 2022 Jan 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34979934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Kudzu is a term used generically to describe members of the genus Pueraria. Kudzu roots have been used for centuries in traditional Chinese medicine in view of their high levels of beneficial isoflavones including the unique 8-C-glycoside of daidzein, puerarin. In the US, kudzu is seen as a noxious weed causing ecological and economic damage. However, not all kudzu species make puerarin or are equally invasive. Kudzu remains difficult to identify due to its diverse morphology and inconsistent nomenclature. RESULTS: We have generated sequences for the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) and maturase K (matK) regions of Pueraria montana lobata, P. montana montana, and P. phaseoloides, and identified two accessions previously used for differential analysis of puerarin biosynthesis as P. lobata and P. phaseoloides. Additionally, we have generated root transcriptomes for the puerarin-producing P. m. lobata and the non-puerarin producing P. phaseoloides. Within the transcriptomes, microsatellites were identified to aid in species identification as well as population diversity. CONCLUSIONS: The barcode sequences generated will aid in fast and efficient identification of the three kudzu species. Additionally, the microsatellites identified from the transcriptomes will aid in genetic analysis. The root transcriptomes also provide a molecular toolkit for comparative gene expression analysis towards elucidation of the biosynthesis of kudzu phytochemicals.


Assuntos
Código de Barras de DNA Taxonômico , Isoflavonas/análise , Plantas Daninhas/classificação , Pueraria/classificação , Transcriptoma , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Raízes de Plantas/química , Plantas Daninhas/genética , Pueraria/genética
2.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(23): 6224-6230, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34951249

RESUMO

Alzheimer's disease(AD) patients in China have been surging, and the resultant medical burden and care demand have a huge impact on the development of individuals, families, and the society. The active component compound of Epimedii Folium, Astragali Radix, and Puerariae Lobatae Radix(YHG) can regulate the expression of iron metabolism-related proteins to inhibit brain iron overload and relieve hypofunction of central nervous system in AD patients. Hepcidin is an important target regulating iron metabolism. This study investigated the effect of YHG on the expression of a disintegrin and metalloprotease-17(ADAM17), a key enzyme in the hydrolysis of ß amyloid precursor protein(APP) in HT22 cells, by mediating hepcidin. To be specific, HT22 cells were cultured in vitro, followed by liposome-mediated siRNA transfection to silence the expression of hepcidin. Real-time PCR and Western blot were performed to examine the silencing result and the effect of YHG on hepcidin in AD cell model. HT22 cells were randomized into 7 groups: control group, Aß25-35 induction(Aß) group, hepcidin-siRNA(siRNA) group, Aß25-35 + hepcidin-siRNA(Aß + siRNA) group, Aß25-35+YHG(Aß+YHG) group, hepcidin-siRNA+YHG(siRNA+YHG) group, Aß25-35+hepcidin-siRNA+YHG(Aß+siRNA+YHG) group. The expression of ADAM17 mRNA in cells was detected by real-time PCR, and the expression of ADAM17 protein by immunofluorescence and Western blot. Immunofluorescence showed that the ADAM17 protein expression was lower in the Aß group, siRNA group, and Aß+siRNA group than in the control group(P<0.05) and the expression was lower in the Aß+siRNA group(P<0.05) and higher in the Aß+YHG group(P<0.05) than in the Aß group. Moreover, the ADAM17 protein expression was lower in the Aß+siRNA group(P<0.05) and higher in the siRNA+YHG group(P< 0.05) than in the siRNA group. The expression was higher in the Aß+siRNA+YHG group than in the Aß+siRNA group(P<0.05). The results of Western blot and real-time PCR were consistent with those of immunofluorescence. The experiment showed that YHG induced hepcidin to up-regulate the expression of ADAM17 in AD cell model and promote the activation of non-starch metabolic pathways, which might be the internal mechanism of YHG in preventing and treating AD.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pueraria , Proteína ADAM17 , Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Peptídeos beta-Amiloides , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Hepcidinas/genética , Humanos
3.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(15): 3926-3933, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34472269

RESUMO

This study aimed to explore the characteristic role of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR) in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea(PD). Estrogen(E_2) was combined with oxytocin to establish a mouse model of PD. The mice were randomly divided into a normal group, a model group, a Gegen Decoction group, a PLR-free Gegen Decoction group, a PLR group, and a positive drug group(ibuprofen). Writhing response times and writhing incubation of mice in each group were tested by behavio-ral assessment, and the serum levels of prostaglandin F_(2α)(PGF_(2α)), prostaglandin E_2(PGE_2), E_2, and progesterone(PROG) were detected by ELISA kits. Western blot method was adopted to detect cyclooxygenase-2(COX-2) and estrogen receptor alpha(ER_α) expression levels in uterine tissues. Doppler ultrasound was employed to detect changes in uterine artery blood flow in mice, including peak systolic blood flow velocity(maximum velocity), end-diastolic velocity(minimum velocity), peak systolic blood flow velocity/end-diastolic velocity(S/D), pulsatility index(PI), and resistive index(RI). Histopathological changes in the uterus were detected by HE staining. Based on the oxytocin-induced isolated uterine contraction model, the effects of Gegen Decoction, PLR-free Gegen Decoction, and PLR on the amplitude, frequency, and activity of isolated uterine contraction were compared to investigate the role of PLR in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD. The results showed that compared with the Gegen Decoction group, the PLR-free Gegen Decoction improved the indicators of PD except for E_2 content, ER_α expression, and uterine artery blood flow. PLR could significantly down-regulate the serum content of E_2 and the protein expression of uterine ER_α, and improve the uterine artery blood flow. The data suggested that PLR, as the sovereign drug of Gegen Decoction, might function in Gegen Decoction for the treatment of PD by mediating E_(2 )and improving the uterine artery blood flow.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Pueraria , Animais , Dismenorreia/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Camundongos , Raízes de Plantas , Útero
4.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(17): 4403-4409, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34581043

RESUMO

This study aims to explore the pharmacodynamic differences of Puerariae Lobatae Radix(PLR), Puerariae Thomsonii Radix(PTR) and their different processed products and the influences of these medical materials on the diversity of intestinal flora. The Sennae Folium-induced diarrhea model, streptozotocin(STZ)-induced diabetes model and L-nitro-arginine methyl ester(L-NAME)-induced hypertension model were used to compare the pharmacodynamic differences in anti-diarrhea, blood glucose reduction and blood pressure lowering among raw, roasted and vinegar-processed PLR and PTR. The effects of raw and processed PLR and PTR on intestinal flora diversity of rats were evaluated by 16 S rDNA high-throughput sequencing. The roasted PLR and PTR performed better in anti-diarrhea, especially the former. PLR and its processed products all presented the efficacy of reducing blood glucose, and the vinegar-processed PLR was the most outstanding. The raw PTR was not that effective in reducing blood glucose, whereas its efficacy was improved after roasting and vinegar processing. Both PLR and PTR were capable of lowering blood pressure to a certain extent, and PLR is superior to PTR in this aspect. Further, the vinegar-processed PLR showed the best effect. The diversity of intestinal flora was different among rats to which different products of PLR and PTR were administered. The roasted PLR led to the highest abundance of Lactobacillus, which was closely related to its best antidiarrheal effect. The highest abilities of vinegar-processed PLR to lower blood glucose and blood pressure were associated with the high abundance of Blautia and Prevotella_9. This study lays a foundation for elucidating the processing mechanisms of PLR and PTR and provides a basis for their further development and application.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Microbioma Gastrointestinal , Pueraria , Animais , Raízes de Plantas , Ratos
5.
J Agric Food Chem ; 69(37): 10943-10951, 2021 Sep 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514791

RESUMO

Carbonyl compounds play a critical role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy (DN). Pueraria lobata (PL), also known as "Kudzu", is a widely consumed functional food or nutraceutical and has shown promise in the prevention of diabetes and complications such as DN. To explore the beneficial effects and the underlying mechanisms of PL against DN, a new strategy for in-depth metabolic profiling of carbonyl compounds in DN mice plasma by chemical derivatization combined with UPLC-Q-Orbitrap high-resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS)/MS analysis was developed for the first time. Pharmacological evaluation revealed that PL extracts containing a total of 73 identified compounds could ameliorate kidney injury and regulate abnormal glycolipid metabolism. In metabolomics analysis, 19 carbonyl compounds with significant differences were identified between DN mice and normal mice. Moreover, 12 metabolites had a tendency to return to normal levels after PL treatment. Overall, PL exerts beneficial effects on DN by regulating abnormal glycolipid metabolism and carbonyl stress, and endogenous carbonyl compounds might serve as potential biomarkers for DN.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus , Nefropatias Diabéticas , Pueraria , Animais , Nefropatias Diabéticas/tratamento farmacológico , Rim , Espectrometria de Massas , Metabolômica , Camundongos
6.
Int J Mol Sci ; 22(15)2021 Jul 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34360871

RESUMO

The root of Pueraria lobata (Willd.) is a widely used herbal medicine worldwide, whereas the stem of the plant is discarded or used as feed for livestock. To reuse and exploit the stem of P. lobata as a resource, we investigated its potential as a skin-whitening agent. We found that the developed, enriched P. lobata stem (PLS) extract significantly inhibited melanin production in the 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine-induced B16/F10 cells at a concentration of 50 µg/mL. To further confirm the mechanism of the antimelanogenic effect of the enriched PLS extracts, we examined the mRNA expression of tyrosinase, which was suppressed by the extracts. To standardize and implement effective quality control of the enriched PLS extracts, its major chemical constituents were identified by high-performance liquid chromatography-photodiode array-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. In total, 12 constituents were identified. In silico analysis showed that the main constituents, puerarin and daidzin, had excellent binding affinities for human tyrosinase. Collectively, our results suggest that the PLS extracts could be used as anti-pigmentation agents.


Assuntos
Melaninas/biossíntese , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Caules de Planta/química , Pueraria/química , Preparações Clareadoras de Pele/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Melanoma Experimental , Monofenol Mono-Oxigenase/metabolismo
7.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(13): 3356-3363, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34396755

RESUMO

With Sangtang Yin granule as model drug,and based on the strategy of " unification of medicines and excipients",the feasibility of preparing high drug loading granules with traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) raw powder as carrier was explored. The powder yield,particle size and particle size distribution,fillibility,flowability,hygroscopicity,reconstituability and other key physical properties relating to preparations of 8 herbs( Dioscoreae Rhizoma,Euryales Semen,Atractylodis Macrocephalae Rhizoma,Coicis semen,Poria,Puerariae Lobatae Radix,Puerariae Thomsonii Radix and Coicis Semen by stir-frying with bran) were studied after being smashed,and the feasibility of taking them as excipients of TCM granules was evaluated by co-spray drying,dry granulation and other preparation techniques. According to the results of the physical properties of raw powders,raw powders of Dioscoreae Rhizoma,Euryales Semen and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix had a high powder yield,uniform particle size distribution,good fillibility,poor hygroscopicity and good reconstitutability,with the feature of assisting granule forming. Compared with the prescription of spray dry powder Sangtang Yin without any excipient,the co-sprayed powder had a high yield,good fillibility and compressibility. The yield of dry granules prepared by co-spraying dry powder was increased by more than 10%,and the particles had a uniform color,good fluidity and dissolubility with the drug-loading rate up to 100%. Based on the physical characteristics of TCM raw powder combined with the analysis of the preparation process,Dioscoreae Rhizoma and Puerariae Thomsonii Radix raw powder were selected as the carriers of granule preparations,and Sangtang Yin granule without any excipient was successfully prepared. The findings provide a feasible idea for the preparation of TCM granules with a high drug loading capacity.


Assuntos
Medicina Tradicional Chinesa , Pueraria , Excipientes , Tamanho da Partícula , Pós , Rizoma
8.
Molecules ; 26(11)2021 Jun 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34198932

RESUMO

The effects of the phytoestrogen-enriched plant Pueraria mirifica (PM) extract on ovari-ectomy (OVX)-induced cognitive impairment and hippocampal oxidative stress in mice were investigated. Daily treatment with PM and 17ß-estradiol (E2) significantly elevated cognitive behavior as evaluated by using the Y maze test, the novel object recognition test (NORT), and the Morris water maze test (MWM), attenuated atrophic changes in the uterus and decreased serum 17ß-estradiol levels. The treatments significantly ameliorated ovariectomy-induced oxidative stress in the hippocampus and serum by a decrease in malondialdehyde (MDA), an enhancement of superoxide dismutase, and catalase activity, including significantly down-regulated expression of IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α proinflammatory cytokines, while up-regulating expression of PI3K. The present results suggest that PM extract suppresses oxidative brain damage and dysfunctions in the hippocampal antioxidant system, including the neuroinflammatory system in OVX animals, thereby preventing OVX-induced cognitive impairment. The present results indicate that PM exerts beneficial effects on cognitive deficits for which menopause/ovariectomy have been implicated as risk factors.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Hipocampo/metabolismo , Ovariectomia/efeitos adversos , Fitoestrógenos/administração & dosagem , Pueraria/química , Animais , Disfunção Cognitiva/induzido quimicamente , Disfunção Cognitiva/metabolismo , Citocinas/metabolismo , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Estradiol/administração & dosagem , Estradiol/farmacologia , Feminino , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/efeitos dos fármacos , Hipocampo/efeitos dos fármacos , Malondialdeído/sangue , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Aprendizagem em Labirinto/efeitos dos fármacos , Camundongos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Fitoestrógenos/química , Fitoestrógenos/farmacologia
9.
Phytomedicine ; 89: 153620, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34218216

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Xin-Ke-Shu (XKS), a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, has been clinically proven to be effective for treatment of acute myocardial ischemia (AMI). Numerous studies underscore the important role of fatty acid metabolism in the pathogenesis of AMI. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between free fatty acids (FFAs) and AMI and the contributions of individual herbs found in XKS to provide a basis for the study of the compatible principle of XKS. METHODS: UFLC-MS/MS-based targeted metabolomics was performed to analyze the levels of 15 FFAs in the plasma and myocardium of isoproterenol (ISO)-induced AMI rats treated with XKS and the subtracted prescriptions of XKS. Electrocardiogram data, H&E staining, biochemical analysis and western blotting were assayed to illustrate the cardioprotection of XKS and its subtracted prescription in AMI. Correlation analysis was used to reveal the relationship between the levels of FFAs and overexpressed proteins/biochemical enzymes. RESULTS: We found aberrant fatty acid metabolism in AMI rats. In both plasma and myocardium, the concentrations of most of quantified FFAs were significantly altered, whereas the concentrations of stearic acid and behenic acid were similar between the control and AMI groups. Correlation analysis revealed that palmitic acid, oleic acid, linoleic acid and arachidonic acid were potentially the most relevant FFAs to inflammatory and apoptotic proteins and CK-MB. Moreover, XKS effectively alleviated pathological alterations, FFA metabolism abnormity, inflammation and apoptosis found in the myocardium of AMI rats. Notably, the removal of Salvia miltiorrhiza and Pueraria lobata from XKS resulted in markedly regulation loss of cardioprotection during AMI, especially mediation loss of FFA metabolism. The other three herbs of XKS also played a role in improving AMI. CONCLUSION: Fatty acid metabolism aberrance occurred during AMI. S. miltiorrhiza and P. lobata play vital roles in the anti-inflammatory and anti-apoptotic action partially by regulating FFA levels. Our findings revealed potential novel clinical FFAs for predicting AMI and extended the insights into the compatible principle of XKS in which S. miltiorrhiza and P. lobata can potently modulate FFA metabolism.


Assuntos
Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas , Ácidos Graxos não Esterificados/metabolismo , Isquemia Miocárdica , Pueraria , Salvia miltiorrhiza , Animais , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Isquemia Miocárdica/tratamento farmacológico , Pueraria/química , Ratos , Salvia miltiorrhiza/química , Espectrometria de Massas em Tandem
10.
J Nat Med ; 75(4): 1043-1049, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34106388

RESUMO

Pueraria candollei is an ingredient of Thai herbal medicine, dietary supplements, and cosmetics. The in vitro and in vivo studies of this plant supported anti-osteoporotic activity and used for hormone replacement therapy. Deoxymiroestrol shows the most potent phytoconstituent in tuberous root of P. candollei with estrogenic activity. The quality controls are important for good agricultural practice (GAP) and good manufacturing practice (GMP) of plant-derived raw materials. The rapid detection of lateral flow immunoassay (LFIA) using colloidal gold is simply method, easy visualize detection and produce less waste than conventional chromatographic detection. In this study, LFIA for qualitative detection of deoxymiroestrol using antigen-binding fragment antibody (Fab) was developed. The result showed that the developed LFIA displays specific detection of deoxymiroestrol. Cross reactivity of this method was analyzed with miroestrol, isomiroestrol and methylisomiroestrol which showed 39.97%, 7.71% and 5.72%, respectively. After optimal condition, limit of detection (LOD) for deoxymiroestrol is 250 ng/ml. Plant samples were applied to strip test compare with indirect competitive ELISA using polyclonal antibody to confirm the application of LFIA. The results of LFIA method were comparable with those from ELISA. This developed lateral flow immunoassay can apply to detect deoxymiroestrol for the rapid testing. The developed method can use for quality control in plant samples as deoxymiroestrol is biomarker compound in P. candollei.


Assuntos
Fitoestrógenos , Pueraria , Anticorpos , Cumarínicos , Imunoensaio , Esteroides
11.
Arch Virol ; 166(9): 2387-2397, 2021 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114139

RESUMO

Influenza is an acute viral respiratory disease that can also cause gastroenteritis-like symptoms, such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Immune dysfunction of adipose tissue is involved in the occurrence and prognosis of influenza viral pneumonia. In this study, we analyzed intestinal and adipose immune responses in mice infected with influenza virus and found that the impairment of intestinal and adipose immunity to influenza virus infection could be reversed by treatment with puerarin, a medicinal compound isolated from Pueraria lobata (called "gegen" in Chinese). We found that the lungs, small intestines (duodenum, ileum, jejunum) and large intestines (colon and rectum) of infected mice showed obvious inflammatory lesions, with significantly increased levels of virus, inflammatory cytokines (interleukin [IL]-6, IL-17, and tumor necrosis factor-α), Toll-like receptors 3, 4, and 9, and integrin αvß3 and α4, and a decreased level of secreted IgA compared to the normal control group (NC) (P < 0.05-0.001). Influenza virus infected mesenteric lymph nodes and adipose tissue, and adipokines (leptin, visfatin, "chemerin", and adiponectin) of lung and mesenteric adipose tissue were dysregulated. Puerarin treatment reversed the impairment of the intestinal and adipose immune responses in mice infected with influenza virus. Our findings suggest that influenza virus can infect adipose tissue and lead to intestinal adipose immune dysfunction in normal-weight mice and that the impairment of the intestinal and adipose immune response to influenza virus infection can be reversed by puerarin treatment.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/imunologia , Imunidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Intestinos/imunologia , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Orthomyxoviridae/imunologia , Vasodilatadores/farmacologia , Animais , Citocinas/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulina A Secretora , Vírus da Influenza A Subtipo H1N1 , Influenza Humana/imunologia , Intestinos/patologia , Intestinos/virologia , Isoflavonas , Pulmão/patologia , Pulmão/virologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Nicotinamida Fosforribosiltransferase , Pneumonia , Pueraria/química , RNA Viral , Carga Viral
12.
Rev. bras. med. esporte ; 27(spe2): 50-53, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1280084

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Extraction of effective components from Pueraria lobata has important value for skeletal muscle quality and gene expression. The improvement effect of traditional high-intensity intermittent training on skeletal muscle has not been obvious, and it is difficult to guarantee the properties of some volatiles. Based on this, this paper analyzes the effect of high-intensity intermittent training on skeletal muscle quality and gene expression in Pueraria lobata. Based on a brief summary of extraction of Pueraria lobata, status of research on the pharmaceutical components of Pueraria lobata was summarized. Different specimens of Pueraria lobata were selected as research objects, and the process of high-intensity intermittent training was designed. High-intensity intermittent training, solvent extraction and water solvent extraction were combined together to design the fixed-bed continuous extraction scheme. According to the influence of Pueraria lobata on skeletal muscle quality, the influence of intermittent training on skeletal muscle quality was analyzed. The extraction results showed that Pueraria lobata combined with high-intensity intermittent training can effectively improve the content of skeletal muscle and ensure the effective expression of skeletal muscle gene.


RESUMO A extração de componentes eficazes da Pueraria lobata tem importante valor para a qualidade músculoesquelética e para a expressão genética. O efeito da melhoria do tradicional treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade na estrutura músculoesquelética não tem sido óbvio, e é difícil garantir as propriedades de alguns voláteis. Com base nisso, este estudo analisa o efeito do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade na qualidade músculoesquelética e na expressão genética na Pueraria lobata. Com base num breve resumo da extração da Pueraria lobata, resumiu-se o andamento das pesquisas sobre os componentes farmacêuticos da Pueraria lobata. Diferentes amostras de Pueraria lobata foram selecionadas como objeto de pesquisa, e formulou-se o processo do treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade. O treinamento intervalado de alta intensidade, a extração de solventes e a extração de solventes à base de água foram combinadas para conceber o sistema de extração contínua de leito fixo. De acordo com a influência da Pueraria lobata na qualidade músculoesquelética, analisou-se a influência do treino intervalado na qualidade músculoesquelética. Os resultados da extração mostraram que a Pueraria lobata, combinada com treino intervalado de alta intensidade, pode melhorar, de maneira eficaz, o teor músculoesquelético e garantir a expressão eficaz da expressão genética do músculoesquelético.


RESUMEN La extracción de componentes eficaces de la Pueraria lobata tiene un importante valor para la calidad músculoesquelética y para la expresión genética. El efecto de la mejora del tradicional entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad en la estructura músculoesquelética no ha sido obvio, y es difícil garantizar las propriedades de algunos volátiles. Basándose en eso, este estudio analiza el efecto del entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad en la calidad músculoesquelética y en la expresión genética en la Pueraria lobata. Basándose en un breve resumen de la extracción de la Pueraria lobata, se resumió el andamiento de las investigaciones sobre los componentes farmacéuticos de la Pueraria lobata. Diferentes muestras de Pueraria lobata fueron seleccionadas como objeto de investigación, y se formuló el proceso del entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad. El entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad, la extracción de solventes y la extracción de solventes a base de agua fueron combinadas para concebir el sistema de extracción continua de lecho fijo. De acuerdo con la influencia de la Pueraria lobata en la calidad músculoesquelética, se analizó la influencia del entrenamiento intercalado en la calidad músculoesquelética. Los resultados de la extracción mostraron que la Pueraria lobata, combinada con entrenamiento intercalado de alta intensidad, puede mejorar, de manera eficaz, el tenor músculoesquelético y garantizar la expresión eficaz de la expresión genética del músculoesquelético.


Assuntos
Humanos , Extratos Vegetais/administração & dosagem , Expressão Gênica , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Pueraria/química , Treinamento Intervalado de Alta Intensidade/métodos
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(9): 2149-2157, 2021 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34047115

RESUMO

Molecular pharmacognosy is a science of classification and identification, cultivation and protection, and production of active ingredients of graduated drugs at the molecular level. The proposal of molecular pharmacognosy allows the research of crude drugs to advance from the microscopic level to the genetic level. Pueraria lobata root, as a medicinal and edible plant, has high application value and economic value. There are many varieties that are easy to cause confusion, and it is not easy to distinguish and identify according to traditional identification methods. Moreover, the research of P. lobate root at the genetic level is still relatively shallow. the study received extensive attention of scholars. This article reviews recent research on molecular identification of P. lobate, transcriptome sequencing, cloning and synthesis of functional genes of P. lobate root in recent years in order to provide references for further promoting the development and utilization of P. lobate root and its active ingredients.


Assuntos
Pueraria , Farmacognosia , Raízes de Plantas/genética
14.
Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) ; 69(6): 573-580, 2021 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790074

RESUMO

Owing to occasional health damages caused by health food products derived from Pueraria mirifica (PM), the Japanese government has designated PM as an "ingredient calling for special attention." Miroestrol is a specific isoflavone isolated from PM and possesses very strong estrogenic activity enough to induce side effects in small amount. Therefore, routine analyses for miroestrol quantification is recommended to control the safety and quality of PM products. However, miroestrol content in PM is quite low, and commercial reagent for its detection is rarely available. In this study, we developed a quantitative analysis method for miroestrol in PM without using its analytical standard by using the relative molar sensitivity (RMS) of miroestrol to kwakhurin, another PM-specific isoflavone, as a reference standard. The RMS value was obtained by an offline combination of 1H-quantitative NMR spectroscopy and a LC/photo diode array (PDA) and miroestrol content was determined by single-reference LC/PDA using RMS. Furthermore, we investigated miroestrol content in commercially available PM crude drugs and products, and the RMS method was compared with the conventional calibration curve method in terms of performance. The rate of concordance of miroestrol contents determined by two method was 89-101%. The results revealed that our developed LC/PDA/MS method with RMS using kwakhurin as a reference standard was accurate for routine monitoring of miroestrol content in PM crude drugs and products to control their quality.


Assuntos
Fitoestrógenos/análise , Pueraria/química , Esteroides/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Isoflavonas/análise , Espectrometria de Massas
15.
Pharm Biol ; 59(1): 382-390, 2021 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33794128

RESUMO

CONTEXT: Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi (Fabaceae) root extract can lower blood glucose levels; however, whether Pueraria lobata root polysaccharide (PLP) possesses these effects is still unknown. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the therapeutic effect of PLP on diabetic metabolic syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The db/m mice were assigned to normal control group (NC), db/db mice were divided into four groups randomly (n = 8). The db/db mice received rosiglitazone (10 mg/kg BW) or PLP (100 or 200 mg/kg BW) via oral gavage for 6 weeks. Afterward, blood glucose, insulin, and glycogen content were assayed, and insulin tolerance test (ITT), oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) were performed. Glucose and lipid metabolism-related parameters and gene expression levels were assayed by ELISA and RT-PCR, respectively. RESULTS: After treatment with HPLP, the values of body weight, epididymal fat, subcutaneous fat, fasting blood glucose, insulin, and HOMA-IR decreased to 45.89 ± 1.66 g, 1.65 ± 0.14 g, 1.97 ± 0.16 g, 14.84 ± 1.52 mM, 9.35 ± 0.98 mU/L, and 5.56 ± 1.26, respectively; the levels of TG, TC, LDL-C, and FFA decreased to 1.67 ± 0.11 mmol/L, 6.23 ± 0.76 mmol/L, 1.29 ± 0.07 mmol/L, and 1.71 ± 0.16 mmol/L, respectively. HPLP down-regulated PEPCK, G6PC, FOXO1, SREBP-1, and ACC mRNA expression (p < 0.01), and up-regulated GS, Akt2, PI3K, GLUT2, PPARα, and LDLR mRNA expression in the liver (p < 0.01). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: PLP exerts antidiabetic effects via activating the PI3K/AKT signalling pathway, thus improving insulin resistance, glucose, and lipid metabolism in db/db mice. Thus, PLP may be considered as a potential antidiabetic agent in clinical therapy.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Hipoglicemiantes/farmacologia , Polissacarídeos/farmacologia , Pueraria/química , Animais , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/fisiopatologia , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Hipoglicemiantes/administração & dosagem , Hipoglicemiantes/isolamento & purificação , Insulina/sangue , Metabolismo dos Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Raízes de Plantas , Polissacarídeos/administração & dosagem , Polissacarídeos/isolamento & purificação , Distribuição Aleatória , Rosiglitazona/farmacologia , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos
16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(6): 1311-1331, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787127

RESUMO

Kudzu plants in the subfamily sphenoideae of Leguminosae are commonly used herbs in China, Japan, Korea, India and Thailand, with a long history of medicinal use. They are recorded in Chinese Pharmacopoeia, Japanese Pharmacopeia, Korea Pharmacopeia, Ayurveda Pharmacopoeia of India and Flora of Thailand. There are 15-20 species of Pueraria in the world, including 7 species and 2 varieties in China. At present, there are 6 species with medicinal value, such as Pueraria lobata and P. thomsonii. The main chemical components of the genus are isoflavones, flavonoids, terpenes, steroids, coumarins, puerarin glycosides and benzopyrans. A total of 240 compounds have been isolated and identified from this genus, and their pharmacological effects mainly include improvement of the cardiovascular system, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, antipyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-alcoholic and estrogen-like effects. In this study, chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Pueraria at home and abroad were systematically summarized, in order to provide references for the material basis, quality control and further development of Pueraria genus.


Assuntos
Isoflavonas , Pueraria , China , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Japão , Raízes de Plantas , República da Coreia , Tailândia
17.
Int J Biol Macromol ; 179: 586-600, 2021 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33705837

RESUMO

The indispensable role of Beta-site amyloid precursor protein cleaving enzyme-1 (BACE1) in Amyloid beta (Aß) plaques generation and Aß-mediated synaptic dysfunctions makes it a crucial target for therapeutic intervention in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to find out the potential inhibitors of BACE1, the present study focused on five phytochemicals from Pueraria tuberosa, namely, daidzin, genistin, mangiferin, puerarin, and tuberosin. A molecular docking study showed that all five phytochemicals presented the strongest BACE1 inhibition. Integrated molecular dynamics simulations and free energy calculations demonstrated that all five natural compounds have stable and favorable energies causing strong binding with the pocket site of BACE1 on 50 ns. All these molecules also passed Lipinski's rule of five. To validate the molecular modeling based findings, we primarily targeted the cognitive decline associated with BACE1 expression in AD flies with P. tuberosa. Significant improvement in cognitive decline was observed in AD flies in different behavioral assays such as Larval crawling assay (16.38%), Larval light preference assay (26.39%), Climbing assay (32.97%), Cold sensitivity assay (43.6%), and Thermal sensitivity assay (44.42%). The present findings suggest that P. tuberosa may be considered as a promising dietary supplement that can significantly ameliorate cognitive decline caused by BACE1 in Alzheimer's disease (AD).


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/tratamento farmacológico , Secretases da Proteína Precursora do Amiloide/antagonistas & inibidores , Ácido Aspártico Endopeptidases/antagonistas & inibidores , Disfunção Cognitiva/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Animais , Drosophila melanogaster , Humanos , Pueraria/química
18.
Biomed Pharmacother ; 137: 111306, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33524786

RESUMO

Protective effects of Puerariae flos extract (PFE) on ethanol (EtOH) exposure have been previously verified. This study attempts to explore the protective effects of PEF on EtOH withdrawal models. Sixty male Kunming mice were involved which were randomly divided into five groups (intact control, EtOH group (35-day EtOH exposure), EtOH withdrawal group (28-day exposure + 7-day withdrawal), EtOH withdrawal group + positive control (Deanxit) group, and EtOH withdrawal group + PFE group). The changes of neuropsychological behaviors; hippocampal BDNF expression and CA1 neuronal density; and plasma corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), ACTH, and CORT levels were observed. It was found that depression-like behaviors reduced by EtOH exposure and increased by withdrawal under the 28-day EtOH exposure and 7-day withdrawal conditions. In addition, anxiety-like behaviors worsened by EtOH exposure and unchanged by withdrawal. Deanxit and PEF ameliorated such behaviors (vs. withdrawal group). Hippocampal BDNF expression was significantly downregulated by EtOH exposure and upregulated by withdrawal. Deanxit and PEF significantly upregulated the BDNF expression. The hippocampal CA1 neuronal density significantly decreased by EtOH exposure but unchanged by withdrawal and treatments. The plasma CRH, ACTH, and CORT levels show a significant enhancement by EtOH exposure and reduced by withdrawal. They were further reduced by Deanxit and PEF. The protective effects of PEF on EtOH chronic withdrawal mouse models were verified. The results of this study also indicated a complicated scenario of neuropsychological behaviors, hippocampal BDNF expression, and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis which are affected by the timing of EtOH exposure and withdrawal.


Assuntos
Alcoolismo/tratamento farmacológico , Ansiedade/prevenção & controle , Região CA1 Hipocampal/efeitos dos fármacos , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/efeitos dos fármacos , Pueraria , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/tratamento farmacológico , Hormônio Adrenocorticotrópico/sangue , Alcoolismo/metabolismo , Alcoolismo/patologia , Alcoolismo/psicologia , Animais , Ansiedade/metabolismo , Ansiedade/patologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Comportamento Animal/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator Neurotrófico Derivado do Encéfalo/metabolismo , Região CA1 Hipocampal/metabolismo , Região CA1 Hipocampal/patologia , Hormônio Liberador da Corticotropina/sangue , Depressão/metabolismo , Depressão/patologia , Depressão/psicologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Hidrocortisona/sangue , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/metabolismo , Sistema Hipotálamo-Hipofisário/patologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Pueraria/química , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/metabolismo , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/patologia , Síndrome de Abstinência a Substâncias/psicologia
19.
Molecules ; 26(3)2021 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33572490

RESUMO

Natural deep eutectic solvent (NaDES) is generally considered as a greener alternative to fossil solvent, with great potential in various areas. In the present work, 25 different NaDESs were screened for the extraction of puerarin (PUE) and its two natural derivatives from Radix Pueraria (RP). As the main isoflavone in RP, PUE has a wide range of biological activities. However, its application is restricted due to its poor solubility in water and low oral bioavailability. In this study, the extraction of PUE with NaDESs showed significant advantages compared with traditional solvents. While using L-Pro-Maa (L-proline-malic acid) under optimal conditions, the optimized yields of PUE, 3-MPR and PRX were 98.7 mg/g, 16.3 mg/g and 9.9 mg/g, respectively, which were 2.2-, 2.9- and 3.4-fold higher than that of water. Furthermore, the oral bioavailability of PUE in NaDES extracts was comparatively investigated in rats with HPLC-MS technique. Pharmacokinetic analysis revealed that the relative bioavailability of PUE in L-Pro-Maa extract is 323%. The result indicated that NaDES is not only a sustainable ionic liquid with higher extraction efficiency, but also an enhancer of oral bioavailability of specific natural products.


Assuntos
Extratos Vegetais/farmacocinética , Raízes de Plantas/química , Pueraria/química , Solventes/química , Animais , Disponibilidade Biológica , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Ratos , Solubilidade , Água/química
20.
Metallomics ; 13(1)2021 01 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33570136

RESUMO

Regulatory protein genes and microRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in response to abiotic and biotic stress, and the biosynthesis of secondary metabolites in plants. However, their responses to selenium (Se) stimuli have not been comprehensively studied in Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi, a selenocompound-rich medicinal and edible plant. In this study, we identified a total of 436/556/1161/624 transcription factors, 134/157/308/172 transcriptional regulators, and 341/456/250/518 protein kinases, which were co-expressed with at least one selenocompound-related structural gene/sulfate transporter or phosphate transporter/reactive oxygen species (ROS) scavenging structural gene/isoflavone-related structural gene, respectively. Then, we identified a total of 87 expressed miRNAs by Se disposure, in which 11 miRNAs, including miR171f-3p, miR390b-3P, miR-N111b, miR-N118, miR-N30, miR-N38-3P, miR-N61a, miR-N61b, miR-N80-3p, miR-N84-3P, and miR-N90.2-3P, were significantly upregulated. We also identified a total of 1172 target genes for the 87 expressed miRNAs. Gene Ontology enrichment analysis of these target genes showed that regulation of transcription, DNA-templated, integral component of membrane, nucleus, ATP binding, and plasma membrane are the top five subclassifications. Finally, we revealed that 5 miRNAs targeted 10 regulatory protein genes, which are highly correlated with at least one selenocompound-related structural gene or transporter gene; 5 miRNAs targeted 10 regulatory protein genes, which are highly correlated with at least one ROS scavenging structural gene; and 5 miRNAs targeted 9 regulatory protein genes, which are potentially involved in the isoflavone biosynthesis. Overall, the study provides us the comprehensive insight into the roles of regulatory proteins and miRNAs in response to Se stimuli in P. lobata.


Assuntos
Genes de Plantas , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Pueraria/efeitos dos fármacos , Selênio/farmacologia , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Genes Reguladores , MicroRNAs/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Pueraria/genética , Pueraria/metabolismo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes
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