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1.
PLoS One ; 19(7): e0305218, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38968236

RESUMO

This meta-analysis aims to assess the success rate of pulpotomy in the treatment of permanent teeth with carious pulp exposure and to compare the efficacy of different capping materials. Randomized controlled trials were searched in PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Clinicaltrial.gov, and Cochrane Library until August 31, 2023. The pooled success rate was estimated in the overall population and in subgroups. Additional analyses comparing different capping materials using odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence interval (95%CI) were performed. The certainty of evidence was graded using the GRADE approach. A total of 25 randomized trials with an average follow-up duration ≥ 12 months were finally included. The overall success rate of pulpotomy was 86.7% (95%CI: 82.0-90.7%). The success rate was not significantly affected by root development, pulpotomy type, and follow-up duration. Teeth with irreversible pulpitis had a relatively lower success rate than teeth with normal pulp or reversible pulpitis (82.4% [95%CI: 74.6-89.0%] vs 92.0% [95%CI: 87.9-95.4%], P = 0.013). Directly compared to conventional calcium hydroxide, mineral trioxide aggregate (88.2% vs 79.1%, OR = 2.41, 95%CI: 1.28-4.51, P = 0.006) and Biodentine (97.5% vs 82.9%, OR = 6.03, 95%CI: 0.97-37.6, P = 0.054) had higher successful rates. No significant difference between MTA and other biomaterials was found. The results were graded as very low to low certainty of evidence. In conclusion, pulpotomy is an effective treatment of permanent teeth with carious pulp exposure. Mineral trioxide aggregate and Biodentine can be recommended with more favorable outcomes as capping materials.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Pulpotomia , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Resultado do Tratamento , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Dentição Permanente , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Combinação de Medicamentos , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Pulpite/terapia , Hidróxido de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/terapia
2.
Int J Nanomedicine ; 19: 6659-6676, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38975320

RESUMO

Background: Vital pulp therapy (VPT) is considered a conservative treatment for preserving pulp viability in caries and trauma-induced pulpitis. However, Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as the most frequently used repair material, exhibits limited efficacy under inflammatory conditions. This study introduces an innovative nanocomposite hydrogel, tailored to simultaneously target anti-inflammation and dentin mineralization, aiming to efficiently preserve vital pulp tissue. Methods: The L-(CaP-ZnP)/SA nanocomposite hydrogel was designed by combining L-Arginine modified calcium phosphate/zinc phosphate nanoparticles (L-(CaP-ZnP) NPs) with sodium alginate (SA), and was characterized with TEM, SEM, FTIR, EDX, ICP-AES, and Zeta potential. In vitro, we evaluated the cytotoxicity and anti-inflammatory properties. Human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) were cultured with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to induce an inflammatory response, and the cell odontogenic differentiation was measured and possible signaling pathways were explored by alkaline phosphatase (ALP)/alizarin red S (ARS) staining, qRT-PCR, immunofluorescence staining, and Western blotting, respectively. In vivo, a pulpitis model was utilized to explore the potential of the L-(CaP-ZnP)/SA nanocomposite hydrogel in controlling pulp inflammation and enhancing dentin mineralization by Hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemistry staining. Results: In vitro experiments revealed that the nanocomposite hydrogel was synthesized successfully and presented desirable biocompatibility. Under inflammatory conditions, compared to MTA, the L-(CaP-ZnP)/SA nanocomposite hydrogel demonstrated superior anti-inflammatory and pro-odontogenesis effects. Furthermore, the nanocomposite hydrogel significantly augmented p38 phosphorylation, implicating the involvement of the p38 signaling pathway in pulp repair. Significantly, in a rat pulpitis model, the L-(CaP-ZnP)/SA nanocomposite hydrogel downregulated inflammatory markers while upregulating mineralization-related markers, thereby stimulating the formation of robust reparative dentin. Conclusion: The L-(CaP-ZnP)/SA nanocomposite hydrogel with good biocompatibility efficiently promoted inflammation resolution and enhanced dentin mineralization by activating p38 signal pathway, as a pulp-capping material, offering a promising and advanced solution for treatment of pulpitis.


Assuntos
Alginatos , Anti-Inflamatórios , Polpa Dentária , Hidrogéis , Nanocompostos , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Hidrogéis/química , Hidrogéis/farmacologia , Nanocompostos/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Alginatos/química , Alginatos/farmacologia , Pulpite/terapia , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/citologia , Fosfatos de Cálcio/química , Fosfatos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Silicatos/química , Silicatos/farmacologia , Ratos , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Cálcio/química , Compostos de Cálcio/farmacologia , Células Cultivadas , Compostos de Alumínio/química , Compostos de Alumínio/farmacologia , Arginina/química , Arginina/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Combinação de Medicamentos , Masculino , Óxidos/química , Óxidos/farmacologia
3.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(8): 421, 2024 Jul 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38976067

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate the outcome of elective full pulpotomy, using calcium silicate-based cements (CSBC), after 2 years, in symptomatic mature permanent teeth with carious lesions, diagnosed as irreversible pulpitis, and analyse the capacity of Wolters et al. (2017) classification to predict the likelihood of treatment failure. METHODS: The treatment records of 56 patients with symptomatic mature teeth with carious lesions, diagnosed as irreversible pulpitis and treated by elective full pulpotomy, using CSBCs as pulp capping materials, were reviewed. Thirteen teeth were excluded. The remaining 43 teeth were evaluated retrospectively at 24 months. Fisher`s exact test with the Lancaster's mid-P adjustment was used to assess different outcomes amongst the diagnostic categories. RESULTS: Four of the cases failed before 24 months and required root canal treatment (RCT). Overall success rate at 2 years was 90.7% (39 of 43). An inverse, but non-significant, correlation was observed between the severity of pulpitis according to the Wolters classification and the treatment success rate (p > 0.05). The type of CSBC used was associated to the success rate (OR = 10.5; 95% C.I. = 0.5 - 207.4; p = 0.027), being 82% with Endosequence and 100% with Biodentine. Postoperative pain associated significantly to lower success rate (66.7%) (Odds ratio = 8.0; 95% C.I. = 0.7 - 95.9; p = 0.047). CONCLUSIONS: Elective full pulpotomy using a CSBC was a successful choice for the treatment of mature permanent teeth with symptoms indicative of irreversible pulpitis. There were no significant differences between the success rate of mild, moderate and severe pulpitis. Postoperative pain could be considered a risk marker for failure of full pulpotomy. The term "irreversible pulpitis" should be re-signified to indicate the need for access to the pulp chamber, rather than an indication for extraction or RCT.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Silicatos , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Pulpite/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Feminino , Masculino , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Cárie Dentária/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Cimentos Dentários , Agentes de Capeamento da Polpa Dentária e Pulpectomia/uso terapêutico , Dentição Permanente , Adolescente
4.
Gen Dent ; 72(4): 16-22, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38905600

RESUMO

Vital pulp therapy (VPT) has been increasingly advocated due to its advantages in preserving tooth vitality. While VPT is often successful, failures can occur, and traditional root canal therapy is often recommended following VPT failure. This case report provides an example of successful preservation of tooth vitality using coronal pulpotomy (CP), a more invasive type of VPT, after failure of partial pulpotomy (PP) that had been performed in a healthy 10-year-old boy. A mandibular right first molar with a diagnosis of reversible pulpitis was initially treated with PP, which included the use of tricalcium silicate cement as a pulp dressing and a resin-modified glass ionomer cement base, followed by placement of a composite resin restoration. The restoration dislodged after 34 months without complaints from the patient or radiographically detectable lesions. A stainless steel crown was placed on the tooth; however, 15 months after crown placement, the patient returned with symptoms in the treated tooth. The tooth was diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis and asymptomatic apical periodontitis but responded positively to cold testing, and the pulp appeared clinically vital upon direct inspection. The tooth was re-treated with CP, including the use of mineral trioxide aggregate as a dressing material, and examination 21 months posttreatment revealed successful resolution of the periapical lesion. When a tooth remains vital, a more invasive type of VPT may be an alternative to root canal therapy for treating failures in more conservatively treated teeth. Moreover, regular periodic recalls are essential for ensuring tooth survival and early detection of problems (ie, restoration failure) that may worsen treatment outcomes.


Assuntos
Pulpotomia , Retratamento , Humanos , Masculino , Criança , Pulpotomia/métodos , Pulpite/terapia , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Dente Molar , Cimentos de Ionômeros de Vidro/uso terapêutico , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Coroas , Combinação de Medicamentos
5.
Compend Contin Educ Dent ; 45(6): e1-e4, 2024 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38900418

RESUMO

Vital pulp therapy (VPT) was once a treatment modality that was only considered for immature permanent teeth to allow for the continued development of the radicular system if the pulp was vital. With the advent of bioceramics and bioactive materials such as calcium silicate cements, the applications for VPT have greatly increased, giving dentists a treatment option other than nonsurgical root canal therapy (RCT) for mature teeth previously diagnosed to have an irreversible pulpitis. This approach can serve as a less invasive, simpler procedure than RCT while allowing for the preservation of natural tooth structure. It also may be a more amenable treatment alternative for patients than RCT. This article outlines and reviews the protocol for VPT with pulp exposure.


Assuntos
Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Humanos , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Pulpite/terapia , Pulpotomia/métodos
6.
Braz Oral Res ; 38: e054, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38922214

RESUMO

This prospective study aims to evaluate dental pain, anxiety, and catastrophizing levels in pregnant women undergoing root canal treatment. Sixty pregnant and non-pregnant women presenting dental pain and an indication for root canal treatment were included in the study. Dental anxiety and catastrophizing were investigated using validated questionnaires. The endodontic intervention was performed, and a numerical scale measured preoperative and postoperative dental pain. The results were analyzed using STATA software 12.0. Unadjusted analyses assessed the association between pregnancy and pain, anxiety, and catastrophizing levels. Multiple linear regression models using 'forward stepwise' entry procedures were used to assess the independent effects of variables on pain scores. The significance level was set at 0.05. Initially, most patients experienced intense dental pain. The levels of dental pain, dental anxiety, and catastrophizing did not differ between pregnant and non-pregnant women. Logistic regression showed that postoperative pain was associated with irreversible pulpitis diagnosis (OR = 4.78; 95%CI 1.55-13.55) and high catastrophizing levels (OR = 1.96; 95%CI 1.01-3.84). Preoperative and postoperative pain rates and anxiety and catastrophizing were similar between pregnant and non-pregnant patients. Postoperative pain was associated with irreversible pulpitis diagnosis and high catastrophizing levels. The similarity between pregnant and non-pregnant women regarding preoperative and postoperative dental pain and catastrophizing and anxiety levels supports the indication of root canal treatment during the gestational period whenever necessary.


Assuntos
Catastrofização , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico , Medição da Dor , Dor Pós-Operatória , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Odontalgia , Humanos , Feminino , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/psicologia , Gravidez , Adulto , Estudos Prospectivos , Ansiedade ao Tratamento Odontológico/psicologia , Dor Pós-Operatória/psicologia , Catastrofização/psicologia , Adulto Jovem , Odontalgia/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Complicações na Gravidez/psicologia , Modelos Logísticos , Pulpite/psicologia , Pulpite/cirurgia , Pulpite/terapia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
7.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 14702, 2024 06 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38926433

RESUMO

The aim of this study is to introduce a dental capping agent for the treatment of pulp inflammation (pulpitis). Nanohydroxyapatite with Elaeagnus angustifolia L. extract (nHAEA) loaded with metronidazole (nHAEA@MTZ) was synthesized and evaluated using a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in vitro model of pulpitis. nHAEA was synthesized through sol-gel method and analyzed using Scanning Electron Microscopy, Transmission Electron Microscopy, and Brunauer Emmett Teller. Inflammation in human dental pulp stem cells (HDPSCs) induced by LPS. A scratch test assessed cell migration, RT PCR measured cytokines levels, and Alizarin red staining quantified odontogenesis. The nHAEA nanorods were 17-23 nm wide and 93-146 nm length, with an average pore diameter of 27/312 nm, and a surface area of 210.89 m2/g. MTZ loading content with controlled release, suggesting suitability for therapeutic applications. nHAEA@MTZ did not affect the odontogenic abilities of HDPSCs more than nHAEA. However, it was observed that nHAEA@MTZ demonstrated a more pronounced anti-inflammatory effect. HDPSCs treated with nanoparticles exhibited improved migration compared to other groups. These findings demonstrated that nHAEA@MTZ could be an effective material for pulp capping and may be more effective than nHAEA in reducing inflammation and activating HDPSCs to enhance pulp repair after pulp damage.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Durapatita , Metronidazol , Extratos Vegetais , Pulpite , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Humanos , Pulpite/tratamento farmacológico , Pulpite/metabolismo , Pulpite/patologia , Metronidazol/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/citologia , Durapatita/química , Nanopartículas/química , Química Verde , Portadores de Fármacos/química , Células-Tronco/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco/metabolismo , Movimento Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Cultivadas
8.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(7): 359, 2024 Jun 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38844571

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to identify the preferred management techniques used by dentists in Greece for treating deep carious lesions or pulp exposure during the removal of carious tissue in teeth with irreversible pulpitis. Additionally, the study sought to explore how patient-related factors (such as age and symptoms) and operator-related factors (like material choice and the use of antibiotics) influence these management decisions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire, developed by five investigators, was divided into two parts: the first gathered respondent demographics, and the second presented clinical scenarios of deep carious lesions, requesting treatment strategies, materials used, and antibiotic prescription practices. The scenarios described patients with intense spontaneous pain and very deep carious lesions, differentiated by age and tooth development status.Data collection was via Google Drive, with analysis performed using SPSS 28, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests, with significance set at p < 0.05. RESULTS: The study polled 453 Greek dentists about their treatment choices, for deep carious lesions in mature and immature teeth with irreversible pulpitis The majority favored root canal treatment for mature teeth, however quite a few opted for partial or cervical pulpotomy. MTA emerged as the preferred capping material, emphasizing its biocompatibility. Hemostasis management varied, with saline and sodium hypochlorite as popular choices. In cases of immature teeth, a shift towards vital pulp therapy was evident, reflecting a preference for preserving healthy pulp to avoid complex procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Challenges identified include varying treatment preferences, the significance of bleeding control in vital pulp therapy, and the limited use of antibiotics for irreversible pulpitis. While the study has limitations, including sample size and potential biases, its findings offer valuable insights into the decision-making processes of Greek dentists. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Future research and ongoing education within the dental community could contribute to standardizing treatment approaches and optimizing outcomes for patients with deep carious lesions and irreversible pulpitis.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Padrões de Prática Odontológica , Pulpite , Humanos , Grécia , Pulpite/terapia , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Exposição da Polpa Dentária/terapia , Tratamento do Canal Radicular , Pulpotomia/métodos , Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico
9.
Clin Oral Investig ; 28(7): 366, 2024 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38850383

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the impact of premedication with ibuprofen and ibuprofen-arginine and the influence of preoperative pain and anxiety on inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) efficacy in cases of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study involved 150 SIP patients who were randomly assigned to receive ibuprofen (600 mg), ibuprofen-arginine (1,155 mg), or a placebo 30 min before IANB. Preoperative anxiety and pain levels were assessed using the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale and the Heft-Parker visual scale. IANB efficacy was determined by the absence of or mild pain during the procedure. Statistical analysis included chi-square, z-tests, Analysis of Variance, and Student's t tests. RESULTS: The ibuprofen and ibuprofen-arginine groups exhibited significantly higher IANB success rates (62% and 78%, respectively) compared to the placebo group (34%). However, no significant difference was observed between the ibuprofen and ibuprofen-arginine groups. Patients with successful IANB in the ibuprofen and ibuprofen-arginine groups displayed lower median anxiety scores (8) than those with failed blocks (15) and lower mean preoperative pain scores (118.3). CONCLUSION: In cases of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis the preemptive medication with ibuprofen-arginine effectively increased the efficacy of the inferior alveolar nerve block The inferior alveolar nerve block efficacy was influenced by preoperative anxiety levels and the intensity of pain. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: This research underscores the potential benefits of oral premedication with ibuprofen and ibuprofen-arginine in improving anesthesia outcomes in cases of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis.


Assuntos
Arginina , Ibuprofeno , Nervo Mandibular , Bloqueio Nervoso , Medição da Dor , Pulpite , Humanos , Pulpite/cirurgia , Ibuprofeno/uso terapêutico , Ibuprofeno/administração & dosagem , Método Duplo-Cego , Masculino , Bloqueio Nervoso/métodos , Feminino , Arginina/uso terapêutico , Arginina/administração & dosagem , Adulto , Anestesia Dentária/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Combinação de Medicamentos
10.
J Cell Mol Med ; 28(9): e18350, 2024 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38700030

RESUMO

Mechanical force induces hypoxia in the pulpal area by compressing the apical blood vessels of the pulp, triggering pulpal inflammation during orthodontic tooth movement. However, this inflammation tends to be restorable. Macrophages are recognized as pivotal immunoreactive cells in the dental pulp. Whether they are involved in the resolution of pulpal inflammation in orthodontic teeth remains unclear. In this study, we investigated macrophage polarization and its effects during orthodontic tooth movement. It was demonstrated that macrophages within the dental pulp polarized to M2 type and actively participated in the process of pulpal inflammation resolution. Inflammatory reactions were generated and vascularization occurred in the pulp during orthodontic tooth movement. Macrophages in orthodontic pulp show a tendency to polarize towards M2 type as a result of pulpal hypoxia. Furthermore, by blocking M2 polarization, we found that macrophage M2 polarization inhibits dental pulp-secreting inflammatory factors and enhances VEGF production. In conclusion, our findings suggest that macrophages promote pulpal inflammation resolution by enhancing M2 polarization and maintaining dental health during orthodontic tooth movement.


Assuntos
Polpa Dentária , Inflamação , Macrófagos , Técnicas de Movimentação Dentária , Polpa Dentária/metabolismo , Polpa Dentária/patologia , Animais , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Inflamação/patologia , Inflamação/metabolismo , Camundongos , Polaridade Celular , Masculino , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Pulpite/patologia , Pulpite/metabolismo , Ativação de Macrófagos
11.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 32: e20240017, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38775598

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of submucosal cryotherapy using cold saline to dexamethasone sodium phosphate and diclofenac sodium injections on substance P and interleukin 6 release in experimentally induced pulpal inflammation in rabbits' molar teeth. METHODOLOGY: Fifteen rabbits were randomly classified into 3 groups according to the submucosal injection given: cold saline, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, and diclofenac sodium. A split-mouth design was adopted, the right mandibular molars were experimental, and the left molars served as the control without injections. Intentional pulp exposures were created and left for 6 hours to induce pulpitis. Pulpal tissue was extracted and examined for SP and IL-6 levels using ELISA. Within each group, the level of cytokines released was measured for both control and experimental groups for intragroup comparison to determine the effect of injection. The percentage reduction of each mediator was calculated compared with the control side for intergroup comparison then the correlation between SP and IL-6 levels was analyzed using Spearman's rank order correlation coefficient. Statistical analysis was performed, and the significance level was set at p<0.05. RESULTS: Submucosal cryotherapy, dexamethasone sodium phosphate, and diclofenac sodium significantly reduced SP and IL-6 pulpal release. Submucosal cryotherapy significantly reduced SP more than and IL-6 more than dexamethasone sodium phosphate and diclofenac sodium. Pulpal reduction of SP and IL-6 showed a strong positive significant correlation. CONCLUSIONS: Submucosal cryotherapy reduces the pulpal release of SP and IL-6 and could be tested as an alternative to premedication to potentiate the effect of anesthesia and control postoperative endodontic pain.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides , Crioterapia , Polpa Dentária , Dexametasona , Diclofenaco , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática , Interleucina-6 , Pulpite , Distribuição Aleatória , Substância P , Animais , Coelhos , Pulpite/terapia , Diclofenaco/farmacologia , Dexametasona/farmacologia , Dexametasona/análogos & derivados , Interleucina-6/análise , Crioterapia/métodos , Substância P/análise , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Polpa Dentária/efeitos dos fármacos , Fatores de Tempo , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Resultado do Tratamento , Masculino , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Solução Salina , Valores de Referência
12.
Sci Rep ; 14(1): 11621, 2024 05 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38773252

RESUMO

Despite advancements in vital pulp therapy (VPT), a subset of cases fails to achieve desired outcomes. This study based on a previous large-scale cohort study involving 1257 VPT-treated teeth, aiming to describe the demographic data and clinical characteristics of all failed cases and their management protocols. Clinical records/images of 105 failed cases treated by a single endodontist (2011-2022) were examined, including 10 extracted teeth. Asymptomatic cases with PDL widening received no intervention, while others underwent management protocols, including (selective) RCT and (tampon) re-VPT. These retreatments were assessed for success (defined as radiographic evidence of healing) and survival (characterized by the retention/function of the treated tooth) using Kaplan-Meier analysis. While 51.4% of all initial failures were diagnosed due to symptoms, 48.6% were symptom-free. Notably, failed cases with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, and apical periodontitis/widened PDL before initial treatment significantly outnumbered asymptomatic cases and normal PDL, respectively (P = 0.001). Moreover, most of the initial failures were observed in teeth with composite resin rather than amalgam restorations (P = 0.002). The success and survival rates for the management protocols were 91.78% and 95.79%, respectively, over an average follow-up period of 36.94 (± 23.30) months. RCT and re-VPT procedures provide successful outcomes for managing unsuccessful VPTs.


Assuntos
Dentição Permanente , Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Falha de Tratamento , Resultado do Tratamento , Pulpite/terapia , Polpa Dentária , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Tratamento do Canal Radicular/métodos
13.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 103(18): e38015, 2024 May 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38701294

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Compared with traditional root canal therapy (RCT), vital pulp therapy (VPT) is a personalized and minimally invasive method for the treatment of pulpitis caused by dental caries. However, there are still no clear guidelines for VPT because high-quality randomized clinical trials are scarce. This prospective cohort study evaluated the clinical efficacy of VPT with the light-curable calcium silicate-based material TheraCal LC (TH) and bioceramic material iRoot BP Plus (BP) in reversible and irreversible pulpitis permanent teeth with carious exposures. METHODS: 115 teeth with reversible or irreversible pulpitis caused by deep care were randomly divided into 2 groups. TheraCal LC and iRoot BP Plus were used for the pulp capping. Direct pulp capping (DPC), partial pulpotomy (PP) and full pulpotomy (FP) were performed based on observation of the exposed pulp. Postoperative discomforts were enquired and recorded via follow-up phone calls. Clinical and radiographic evaluations were performed 3, 6, and 12 months postoperatively. RESULTS: The overall clinical success rate in the first year was 90.4% (47/52) in both groups. The TH group required less operating time, showed lower levels of pain, and had shorter pain duration post-operative (P < .001). According to the binary logistic regression model, preoperative pain duration was significantly correlated with the prognosis of VPT (P = .011). CONCLUSION: VPT with TheraCal LC and iRoot BP Plus in pulpitis permanent carious teeth both achieved good clinical outcomes, and TheraCal LC can be easily operated for clinical use. Preoperative pain duration of the affected tooth might have a significant correlation with the prognosis of VPT.


Assuntos
Compostos de Cálcio , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária , Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Silicatos , Humanos , Pulpite/terapia , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Cálcio/administração & dosagem , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Masculino , Pulpotomia/métodos , Adulto , Estudos Prospectivos , Capeamento da Polpa Dentária/métodos , Cárie Dentária/terapia , Adulto Jovem , Resultado do Tratamento , Adolescente , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Combinação de Medicamentos , Hidróxido de Cálcio/uso terapêutico , Compostos de Alumínio/uso terapêutico , Óxidos/uso terapêutico , Óxidos/administração & dosagem
14.
Biochem Biophys Res Commun ; 717: 150044, 2024 Jul 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38718567

RESUMO

Pulpitis constitutes a significant challenge in clinical management due to its impact on peripheral nerve tissue and the persistence of chronic pain. Despite its clinical importance, the correlation between neuronal activity and the expression of voltage-gated sodium channel 1.7 (Nav1.7) in the trigeminal ganglion (TG) during pulpitis is less investigated. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between experimentally induced pulpitis and Nav1.7 expression in the TG and to investigate the potential of selective Nav1.7 modulation to attenuate TG abnormal activity associated with pulpitis. Acute pulpitis was induced at the maxillary molar (M1) using allyl isothiocyanate (AITC). The mice were divided into three groups: control, pulpitis model, and pulpitis model treated with ProTx-II, a selective Nav1.7 channel inhibitor. After three days following the surgery, we conducted a recording and comparative analysis of the neural activity of the TG utilizing in vivo optical imaging. Then immunohistochemistry and Western blot were performed to assess changes in the expression levels of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), c-Fos, collapsin response mediator protein-2 (CRMP2), and Nav1.7 channels. The optical imaging result showed significant neurological excitation in pulpitis TGs. Nav1.7 expressions exhibited upregulation, accompanied by signaling molecular changes suggestive of inflammation and neuroplasticity. In addition, inhibition of Nav1.7 led to reduced neural activity and subsequent decreases in ERK, c-Fos, and CRMP2 levels. These findings suggest the potential for targeting overexpressed Nav1.7 channels to alleviate pain associated with pulpitis, providing practical pain management strategies.


Assuntos
Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.7 , Pulpite , Animais , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.7/metabolismo , Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem NAV1.7/genética , Camundongos , Masculino , Pulpite/metabolismo , Pulpite/patologia , Gânglio Trigeminal/metabolismo , Neurônios/metabolismo , Proteínas do Tecido Nervoso/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Bloqueadores do Canal de Sódio Disparado por Voltagem/farmacologia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular
15.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 626, 2024 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38807160

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pulpectomy continues to be the standard treatment recommendation for management of vital primary molars diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. The recent decade has seen a paradigm shift in the treatment concepts of how vital mature permanent molars diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis can be more conservatively managed using vital pulp therapy techniques like pulpotomy. However, despite emerging evidence indicating similarities between primary and permanent tooth pulp response to dental caries, there is limited research on whether pulpotomy can be similarly used as a definitive treatment modality for vital primary teeth with irreversible pulpitis. This randomised controlled trial (RCT) aims to compare the treatment effectiveness of pulpotomy versus pulpectomy in management of vital primary molars diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis over a two-year period. METHODS/DESIGN: This clinical study is a parallel, two-armed, open label, non-inferiority RCT with a 1:1 allocation ratio between the experimental intervention arm (pulpotomy) and the active comparator arm (pulpectomy). Healthy cooperative children, between 4-9 years of age, who have painful primary molars with clinical symptoms typical of irreversible pulpitis will be recruited after obtaining informed consent from their parents/legal guardians. 50 vital primary molars clinically diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis will be randomly distributed between the two treatment arms. The primary outcomes that will be assessed are clinical and radiographic success after six-months, one-year and two-years of the trial interventions. The influence of baseline pre-operative variables (age; gender; tooth type; site of caries; pre-operative furcal radiolucency; pre-operative pain intensity) and intra-operative factors (time taken to achieve haemostasis) on treatment outcomes will also be assessed. The secondary outcome evaluated will be the immediate (24 h and 7 d) post-operative pain relief afforded by the two treatment interventions. DISCUSSION: This trial seeks to provide evidence on whether pulpotomy treatment can be no worse than the standard pulpectomy treatment for the management of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis in vital primary molars. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov (NCT06183203). Registered on 30 January 2024.


Assuntos
Dente Molar , Pulpectomia , Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Dente Decíduo , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Pulpectomia/métodos , Pulpite/cirurgia , Pulpite/terapia , Dente Decíduo/cirurgia , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Resultado do Tratamento , Estudos de Equivalência como Asunto , Feminino , Masculino
16.
Dent Med Probl ; 61(2): 191-196, 2024.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38642392

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Curved root canals are associated with the highest number of procedural errors during endodontic instrumentation. Recently, numerous rotary instruments have been developed, with both manual and automated mechanisms, to facilitate endodontic treatment and manage the complications related to it. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to assess post-endodontic pain after using the HyFlex® EDM OneFile (HEDM), WaveOne® Gold (WOG) and XP-endo® Shaper (XPS) systems in the preparation of curved canals in patients with asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 45 molars with curved canals and asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis were randomly divided into 3 equal groups based on the instrumentation used: HEDM (group A); WOG (group B); and XPS (group C). All teeth were prepared according to the manufacturers' instructions. Postendodontic pain was assessed using the visual analog scale (VAS) at 6, 12, 18, 24, 48, and 72 h after root canal instrumentation. The data was analyzed using the one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the paired-samples t test with the Bonferroni correction, with a p-value of 0.05 set for statistical significance. RESULTS: The highest levels of post-endodontic pain were recorded at 6 h after treatment. Then, the values gradually decreased until the pain nearly vanished after 72 h. No statistically significant differences were observed in the VAS scores between groups A and B. At the same time, group C showed the lowest VAS scores at all follow-up time points. CONCLUSIONS: The use of the XPS system resulted in the lowest pain scores at all follow-ups. The HEDM and WOG groups showed no differences in the pain scores throughout the whole follow-up period.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Preparo de Canal Radicular , Humanos , Cavidade Pulpar , Pulpite/terapia , Dor , Dente Molar/cirurgia
17.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 453, 2024 Apr 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38622629

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This clinical study was conducted aiming to evaluate the impact of repeated preheating of bulk-fill resin composite on postoperative hypersensitivity. METHODS: A total of 105 eligible, consenting adults were recruited. Patients had posterior teeth suffering from proximal decay with no signs of irreversible pulpitis. Patients were prepared for Class II restorations and restored with bulk-fill resin composite. Patients were randomized into three groups of 35 patients according to the number of preheating cycles for the resin composite syringe used; group I: no preheating; control group at room temperature, group II: Resin composite preheated once, and group III: Resin composite preheated ten cycles. Patients were assessed for postoperative dentin hypersensitivity using the visual analogue scale (VAS) at three-time intervals: day one, one week and by the end of one month after restorative treatment. Statistical analysis was performed; ANOVA with a single factor was used to test for significance at a p value ≤ 0.05. For nonparametric data, the Kruskal‒Wallis test was used to compare the three testing groups. Friedman's test was used to study the changes within each group. Dunn's test was used for pairwise comparisons when the Kruskal‒Wallis test or Friedman's test was significant. RESULTS: The scores of the three groups through the three time intervals were almost zero except for the first day where VAS scores were recorded with maximum score of 3 for groups I and II. Groups II and III; there was no statistically significant change in hypersensitivity scores by time with P-values 0.135 and 0.368, respectively. However, for group I there was a significant difference from VAS score recorded on first day and the two following time intervals. CONCLUSION: The repeated preheating cycles of bulk-fill resin composite prior to curing had no adverse effect on the patients regarding postoperative dentin hypersensitivity. This information could be of utmost significance, as the same resin composite syringe can undergo numerous preheating cycles clinically before it is completely consumed with the advantage of improvement on the handling properties. TRIAL REGISTRATION: The protocol of the current study was registered at www. CLINICALTRIALS: gov , with the identification number NCT05289479 on 21/03/2022. All procedures involving human participants were performed in accordance with the ethical standards of the Research Ethics Committee of the Faculty of Dentistry, Minia University, Egypt, under the approval number 73/440 on 11/09/2020.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina , Pulpite , Adulto , Humanos , Sensibilidade da Dentina/etiologia , Restauração Dentária Permanente/métodos , Resinas Compostas/uso terapêutico , Egito
18.
BMC Oral Health ; 24(1): 465, 2024 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38627713

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mechanosensitive ion channel PIEZOs have been widely reported to involve inflammation and pain. This study aimed to clarify expression patterns of PIEZOs and their potential relations to irreversible pulpitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Normal pulp tissues (n = 29) from patients with impacted third molars and inflamed pulp tissues (n = 23) from patients with irreversible pulpitis were collected. Pain levels were assessed using a numerical rating scale. PIEZO expressions were measured using real-time PCR and then confirmed using GEO datasets GSE77459, immunoblot, and immunohistochemistry staining. Correlations of PIEZO mRNA expression with inflammatory markers, pain markers, or clinical pain levels were evaluated using Spearman's correlation analysis. Univariate analysis was conducted to analyze PIEZO expressions based on pain description and clinical examinations of cold test, percussion, palpation, and bite test. RESULTS: Compared with normal pulp tissues, mRNA expression levels of PIEZO1 were significantly increased in inflamed pulp tissues, while PIEZO2 was significantly decreased, which was further confirmed in GSE77459 and on a protein and histological level. The positive correlation of the mRNA expression levels between PIEZO1 and inflammatory markers, as well as between PIEZO2 and pain markers, was verified. PIEZO2 expression was also positively correlated with pain levels. Besides, irreversible pulpitis patients who reported continuous pain and who detected a positive response to cold stimulus exhibited a higher expression level of PIEZO2 in the inflamed pulp tissues. By contrast, patients reporting pain duration of more than one week showed a higher expression level of PIEZO1. CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated the upregulation of PIEZO1 and the downregulation of PIEZO2 in irreversible pulpitis and revealed the potential relation of PIEZO1 and PIEZO2 to inflammation and pain. These findings suggested that PIEZOs might play critical roles in the progression of irreversible pulpitis and paved the way for further investigations aimed at novel therapies of irreversible pulpitis by targeting PIEZOs.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Humanos , Canais Iônicos/genética , Canais Iônicos/metabolismo , Inflamação , Dor , RNA Mensageiro
19.
Int J Mol Sci ; 25(8)2024 Apr 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38673822

RESUMO

Complex microbial communities have been reported to be involved in endodontic infections. The microorganisms invade the dental pulp leading to pulpitis and initiating pulp inflammation. Fusobacterium nucleatum is a dominant bacterium implicated in both primary and secondary endodontic infections. Drugs targeting the molecular machinery of F. nucleatum will minimize pulp infection. LpxA and LpxD are early acyltransferases involved in the formation of lipid A, a major component of bacterial membranes. The identification of leads which exhibit preference towards successive enzymes in a single pathway can also prevent the development of bacterial resistance. A stringent screening strategy utilizing physicochemical and pharmacokinetic parameters along with a virtual screening approach identified two compounds, Lomefloxacin and Enoxacin, with good binding affinity towards the early acyltransferases LpxA and LpxD. Lomefloxacin and Enoxacin, members of the fluoroquinolone antibiotic class, exhibit wide-ranging activity against diverse bacterial strains. Nevertheless, their effectiveness in the context of endodontic treatment requires further investigation. This study explored the potential of Lomefloxacin and Enoxacin to manage endodontic infections via computational analysis. Moreover, the compounds identified herein serve as a foundation for devising novel combinatorial libraries with enhanced efficacy for endodontic therapeutic strategies.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos , Fusobacterium nucleatum , Lipopolissacarídeos , Fusobacterium nucleatum/efeitos dos fármacos , Fusobacterium nucleatum/metabolismo , Humanos , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antibacterianos/química , Lipopolissacarídeos/metabolismo , Simulação de Acoplamento Molecular , Simulação por Computador , Infecções por Fusobacterium/tratamento farmacológico , Infecções por Fusobacterium/microbiologia , Enoxacino/farmacologia , Proteínas de Bactérias/metabolismo , Pulpite/tratamento farmacológico , Pulpite/metabolismo , Pulpite/microbiologia
20.
Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 42(2): 242-248, 2024 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês, Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-38597084

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to observe the outcomes of iRoot BP Plus full pulpotomy in primary molars with partial irreversible pulpitis retrospectively. METHODS: Collect 102 cases of primary molars with partial irreversible pulpitis undergoing iRoot BP Plus full pulpotomy from January 2019 to August 2023, with a follow-up period of 24-47 months. Based on the presence of irreversible pulpitis symptoms before surgery, the included cases will be divided into asymptomatic group (n=53) and symptomatic group (n=49). Observe the clinical and imaging success rates of both groups. RESULTS: Clinical success rates were 96.2% and 97.9% in asymptomatic and symptomatic groups, and radiographic success rates were 96.2% and 93.9% respectively. CONCLUSIONS: iRoot BP Plus full pulpotomy can be used for the treatment of primary molars with partial irreversible pulpitis under an enhanced pulpotomy protocol.


Assuntos
Pulpite , Pulpotomia , Humanos , Pulpotomia/métodos , Pulpite/cirurgia , Pulpite/tratamento farmacológico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Silicatos/uso terapêutico , Dente Molar/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento , Compostos de Cálcio/uso terapêutico
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