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1.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(8): 125, 2019 Jul 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31363859

RESUMO

The global need to develop sustainable materials and products from non-fossil raw material is pushing industry to utilize side-streams more efficiently using green processes. Aromatic lignin, the world's second most abundant biopolymer, has multiple attractive properties which can be exploited in various ways instead of being burnt or used as animal feed. Lignin's poor water solubility and its highly branched and random structure make it a challenging biopolymer to exploit when developing novel technologies for the preparation of tailored nanobiomaterials for value-added applications. The notable number of scientific publications focusing on the formation and modification of technical lignin in nanoparticulate morphology show that these bottlenecks could be solved using lignin in the form of colloidal particles (CLPs). These particles are very stable at wide pH range (4-11) and easily dispersible in organic solvents after stabilized via cross-linking. Negative hydroxyl groups on the CLP surface enable multiple enzymatic and chemical modifications e.g. via polymerization reactions and surface-coating with positive polymers. This contribution highlights how tailored CLPs could be innovatively exploited in different the state-of-the-art applications such as medicine, foods, and cosmetics.


Assuntos
Química Verde/métodos , Lignina/síntese química , Lignina/metabolismo , Nanopartículas/química , Nanopartículas/metabolismo , Animais , Biotransformação , Solubilidade
2.
Life Sci ; 234: 116758, 2019 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31421083

RESUMO

In this work, fluorescent copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) were green synthesized using viable cells, cell lysate supernatant (CLS) and protein extracts of luminescent Vibrio sp. VLC. Biogenic CuO NPs were then characterized by XRD, FTIR, UV/Vis spectroscopy, TEM, DLS, and PL spectroscopy. Results showed that CLS method was more efficient for CuO NPs production, therefore CuO NPs synthesized by this method from copper sulfate (CuO NPs-1) and/or copper nitrate (CuO NPs-2) were used for further studies. The crystallite size of polydispersed CuO NPs-1 and CuO NPs-2 were about 8.83 and 8.77 nm, respectively indicating their suitability for biological applications. Antibacterial activity of CuO NPs was determined using broth microdilution, well diffusion agar, and time-kill curves methods. Both CuO NP-1 and CuO NP-2 inhibited bacterial growth at the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of 625 mg/L except St. mutants (MIC = 1250 mg/L). Emission of fluorescent light from the surface of NPs was increased when exposed to Cd2+, As2+ and Hg2+ ions but decreased by Pb2+ ions. Results showed that CuO NP-1 had anticancer properties against KYSE30 esophageal cancer cell line (IC50 = 13.96 mg/L) while no higher cytotoxic effects were observed on Human Dermal Fibroblasts (HDF) (IC50 = 48.88 mg/L).


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Cobre/farmacologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/tratamento farmacológico , Corantes Fluorescentes/química , Metais Pesados/análise , Nanopartículas/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Bactérias/efeitos dos fármacos , Infecções Bacterianas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Cobre/química , Química Verde/métodos , Humanos , Espectrometria de Fluorescência/métodos , Vibrio/química
3.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(38): 10713-10725, 2019 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31453702

RESUMO

Converting peanut protein biomass waste into environmentally friendly meat substitutes by a high-moisture extrusion process can help solve both resource and waste problems and be "double green". A multiscale method combined with some emerging techniques such as atomic force microscopy-based infrared spectroscopy and X-ray microscopy was used to make the whole extrusion process visible to show the process of forming a meat-like fibrous structure using two-dimensional and three-dimensional perspectives. The results showed that the protein molecules underwent dramatic structural changes and unfolded in the extruder barrel, which created favorable conditions for molecular rearrangement in the subsequent zones. It was confirmed that the meat-like fibrous structure started to form at the junction of the die and the cooling zone and that this structure was caused by the phase separation and rearrangement of protein molecules in the cooling zone. Moreover, the interactions between hydrogen bonds and disulfide bonds formed in the cooling zone maintained the meat-like fibrous structure with an α-helix > ß-sheet > ß-turn > random coil. Of the two main peanut proteins, arachin played a greater role in forming the fibrous structure than conarachin, especially those subunits of arachin with a molecular weight of 42, 39, and 22 kDa.


Assuntos
Arachis/química , Aromatizantes/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Resíduos/análise , Aromatizantes/isolamento & purificação , Química Verde , Ligações de Hidrogênio , Raios Infravermelhos , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Conformação Proteica
4.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111541, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31272033

RESUMO

Here, we report the novel fabrication of ZnO nanoparticles using the Costus igneus leaf extract. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy to determine the bioactive components present in the plant extract. The synthesis of Ci-ZnO NPs (C. igneus- coated zinc oxide nanoparticles) was accomplished using a cost-effective and simple technique. Ci-ZnO NPs were specified using UV-visible spectroscopy, FTIR, XRD, and TEM. Ci-ZnO NPs was authenticated by UV-Vis and exhibited a peak at 365 nm. The XRD spectra proved the crystalline character of the Ci-ZnO NPs synthesized as hexagonal wurtzite. The FTIR spectrum illustrated the presence of possible functional groups present in Ci-ZnO NPs. The TEM micrograph showed evidence of the presence of a hexagonal organization with a size of 26.55 nm typical of Ci-ZnO NPs. The α-amylase and α-glucosidase inhibition assays demonstrated antidiabetic activity of Ci-ZnO NPs (74 % and 82 %, respectively), and the DPPH [2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl hydrate] assay demonstrated the antioxidant activity of the nanoparticles (75%) at a concentration of 100 µg/ml. The Ci-ZnO NPs exhibited promising antibacterial and biofilm inhibition activity against the pathogenic bacteria Streptococcus mutans, Lysinibacillus fusiformis, Proteus vulgaris, and Vibrio parahaemolyticus. Additionally, the Ci-ZnO NPs showed biocompatibility with mammalian RBCs with minimum hemolytic activity (0.633 % ±â€¯0.005 %) at a concentration of 200 µg/ml.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Biofilmes/efeitos dos fármacos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Óxido de Zinco/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Materiais Biocompatíveis/farmacologia , Costus/química , Costus/metabolismo , Eritrócitos/citologia , Eritrócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Eritrócitos/metabolismo , Cromatografia Gasosa-Espectrometria de Massas , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/fisiologia , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/fisiologia , Química Verde , Hemólise/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Insulina/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/metabolismo , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , alfa-Amilases/antagonistas & inibidores , alfa-Amilases/metabolismo
5.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111556, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326842

RESUMO

Facile green synthesis of copper nanoparticles from different biological procedures has been indicated, but among all, biosynthesis of copper nanoparticles from medicinal plants is considered as the most suitable method. The use of medicinal plant material increases the therapeutical effects of copper nanoparticles. The aim of this study was green synthesis of copper nanoparticles from aqueous extract of Falcaria vulgaris leaf (CuNPs) and assessment of their cytotoxicity, antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, and cutaneous wound healing properties. These nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (UV), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM) analysis. The synthesized CuNPs had great cell viability dose-dependently (Investigating the effect of the CuNPs on human umbilical vein endothelial cell (HUVEC) line) and indicated this method was nontoxic. Also, 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) test was done to assess the antioxidant activities, which indicated similar antioxidant potentials for CuNPs and butylated hydroxytoluene. In part of cutaneous wound healing property of CuNPs, after creating the cutaneous wound, the rats were randomly divided into six groups: treatment with 0.2% CuNPs ointment, treatment with 0.2% CuSO4 ointment, treatment with 0.2% F. vulgaris ointment, treatment with 3% tetracycline ointment, treatment with Eucerin basal ointment, and untreated control. These groups were treated for 10 days. Treatment with CuNPs ointment remarkably increased (p ≤ .01) the wound contracture, vessel, hexosamine, hydroxyl proline, hexuronic acid, fibrocyte, and fibrocytes/fibroblast rate and substantially reduced (p ≤ .01) the wound area, total cells, neutrophil, and lymphocyte compared to other groups. In antibacterial and antifungal parts of this research, the concentration of CuNPs with minimum dilution and no turbidity was considered minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC). To determine minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC), 60 µL MIC and three preceding chambers were cultured on Sabouraud Dextrose Agar and Muller Hinton Agar, respectively. The minimum concentration with no fungal and bacterial growth were considered MFC and MBC, respectively. CuNPs inhibited the growth of all fungi at 2-4 mg/mL concentrations and removed them at 4-8 mg/mL concentrations (p ≤ .01). In case of antibacterial effects of CuNPs, they inhibited the growth of all bacteria at 2-8 mg/mL concentrations and removed them at 4-16 mg/mL concentrations (p ≤ .01). The results of XRD, FT-IR, UV, TEM, and FE-SEM confirm that the aqueous extract of F. vulgaris leaf can be used to yield copper nanoparticles with notable amount of antioxidant, antifungal, antibacterial, and cutaneous wound healing potentials without any cytotoxicity. Further clinical trials are necessary for confirmation these therapeutical effects of CuNPs in human.


Assuntos
Apiaceae/química , Cobre/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Antifúngicos/síntese química , Antifúngicos/química , Antifúngicos/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/química , Apiaceae/metabolismo , Candida/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Células Endoteliais da Veia Umbilical Humana , Humanos , Masculino , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Ratos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos
6.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111536, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326846

RESUMO

The latent utilization of biomaterials that are osteo-conducive in the advancement of healing bone fracture has fascinated extensive consideration. This work includes the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) with the help of a Bauhinia acuminate plant flower extract through an ecofriendly synthetic process without any use of harmful reductants. In the fabrication of AgNPs, Bauhinia acuminate plant flower extract bio constituents acts as both stabilizing and reducing agent. The studies of Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) techniques confirmed the formation of AgNPS. TEM images revealed that AgNPs are uniform with average particle size of 17 nm. Further, this work explored if silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) might endorse the osteogenesis and proliferation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and advance the curing of bone fractures. We also exhibited that the prepared AgNPs could promote the in -vitro osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of MSCs'. Also, the prepared AgNps could stimulate the proliferation of mMSCs at specific concentrations of 6-20 µM. Further, cell viability studies showed that AgNPs exhibited no reduction in mouse mesenchymal stem cell viability at <4 µM. Further, these results indicated the induction effects of AgNPs on osteogenic differentiation and proliferation on MSCs, as well as the advancement of meniscus injury healing.


Assuntos
Bauhinia/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Osteogênese , Extratos Vegetais/química , Prata/química , Animais , Bauhinia/metabolismo , Diferenciação Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Flores/química , Flores/metabolismo , Consolidação da Fratura/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Camundongos , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Osteogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier
7.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111545, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31326847

RESUMO

Proper waste utilization in order to promote value added product is a promising scientific practice in recent era. Inspiring from the recurring trend, we propose a single step oxidative pyrolysis derived fluorescent carbon dots (C-dots) from Allium sativum peel, which is a natural, nontoxic, and waste raw material. Because of its excellent optical properties, and photostability this C-dots have been used in versatile area of applications. Due to its immediate water dispersing character, C-dots reinforced Poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) films revealed improvement in uniaxial stretching behavior and can be used as transparent sunlight conversion film. The nanocomposite film has been tested against rigorous simulated sunlight which proved almost identical sunlight conversion behavior with no photo-bleachable character which is definitely added an extra quality of transparent polymer films. Moreover, the C-dots dispersion has been used as in vitro biomarker for living cells owing to its ease in solubility, biocompatibility, non-cytotoxicity and bright fluorescence even in subcutaneous environment. For this case, adipose derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADMSCs) have been chosen and injected to rabbit ear skin to perform two-photon imaging experiment. The present work opens a new avenue towards the large-scale synthesis of bio-waste based fluorescent C-dots, paving the way for their versatile applications.


Assuntos
Allium/química , Nitrogênio/química , Fotodegradação/efeitos da radiação , Pontos Quânticos/química , Enxofre/química , Luz Solar , Resinas Acrílicas/química , Tecido Adiposo/citologia , Allium/metabolismo , Animais , Materiais Biocompatíveis/química , Carbono/química , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Química Verde , Masculino , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/citologia , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/efeitos dos fármacos , Células-Tronco Mesenquimais/metabolismo , Microscopia de Fluorescência , Pontos Quânticos/toxicidade , Coelhos , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Solubilidade
8.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(28): 7783-7792, 2019 Jul 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31267752

RESUMO

The increasing use of pesticides in agriculture and gardening has caused severe deterioration to both the ecosystem and the health of users (human beings), so there is an urgent need for eco- and user-friendly pesticides. Among a variety of herbicides, paraquat (PQ), frequently used as an effective herbicidal agent worldwide, is well-known for its serious toxicity that has killed, and harmed, thousands of people and countless wildlife such as fish. Herein, we present a facile supramolecular formulation of PQ@cucurbit[7]uril (PQ@CB[7]), prepared by simply mixing PQ with equivalent (molar) CB[7] in water. With addition of CB[7], PQ's cellular uptake was dramatically inhibited. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and the associated apoptosis otherwise induced by PQ in cellular models were both reduced, resulting in increased cellular viability. In a wildtype zebrafish model that is a typical fragile wildlife species in the ecosystem, the supramolecular formulation exhibited significantly reduced hepatotoxicity and increased survival rate, in comparison with those of the fish exposed to free PQ. In a mouse model that is clinically relevant to human being, the administration of PQ@CB[7] significantly alleviated major organ injuries and unusual hematological parameters that were otherwise induced by free PQ, resulting in a significantly increased survival rate. Meanwhile, this formulation maintained effective herbicidal activity that was equivalent to that of free PQ. Taken together, this facile supramolecular PQ formulation is providing not only an extremely rare example of an eco- and user-friendly herbicide that has been desired for decades but also a practical solution for green agriculture.


Assuntos
Herbicidas/farmacologia , Paraquat/farmacologia , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Herbicidas/síntese química , Herbicidas/química , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Paraquat/síntese química , Paraquat/química , Poaceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Poaceae/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Peixe-Zebra/metabolismo
9.
Anal Chim Acta ; 1078: 78-89, 2019 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31358231

RESUMO

Based on a one-step combustion fabrication approach, a novel magnetic porous carbon (MPC) was fabricated using filter paper as porous carbon source and iron salts as magnetic precursors. The textural properties of the MPC were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectrometry (FT-IR), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibration sample magnetometer (VSM) and nitrogen absorption-desorption isotherms. The as-prepared MPC possessed a high specific surface area, a microstructure comprised of mesopores and strong magnetic response. It was employed as a magnetic solid-phase extraction (MSPE) adsorbent for the determination of three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in environmental water and biological samples coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The main parameters affecting extraction efficiency were investigated in detail and a satisfactory performance was obtained under the optimal conditions. The calibration curves were linear over the concentration ranging from 1 to 1200 µg L-1 for ketoprofen (KET) and 2-1200 µg L-1 for naproxen (NAP) and diclofenac (DCF) with determination coefficients (R2) between 0.9995 and 0.9997. The limits of detection (LODs) were in the range of 0.2-0.4 µg L-1. The intra- and inter-day relative standard deviations (RSDs) were less than 4.03% and 8.72%, respectively. The recoveries ranged from 84.67% to 113.73% with RSDs less than 7.76%. The satisfactory results confirmed the great potential of the novel MPC adsorbent for the extraction of NSAIDs from complex sample matrices.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/análise , Carbono/química , Diclofenaco/análise , Cetoprofeno/análise , Naproxeno/análise , Adsorção , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/sangue , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/urina , Diclofenaco/sangue , Diclofenaco/urina , Química Verde/métodos , Cetoprofeno/sangue , Cetoprofeno/urina , Limite de Detecção , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Naproxeno/sangue , Naproxeno/urina , Porosidade , Rios/química , Extração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
10.
Chem Commun (Camb) ; 55(54): 7796-7799, 2019 Jul 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31214673

RESUMO

Disclosed herein is a novel, metal-free synthesis of γ-lactams through the radical-mediated nitration-aminocarbonylation of unactivated olefins. The reaction is initiated by a nitro radical generated from the homolysis of tert-butyl nitrite. The intramolecular cyanamide serves as the aminocarbonylating reagent. This protocol offers an environment-benign method to produce the synthetically valuable nitromethyl substituted γ-lactams.


Assuntos
Alcenos/química , Lactamas/síntese química , Cianamida/química , Ciclização , Radicais Livres/química , Química Verde/métodos , Modelos Químicos , Nitritos/química , Estereoisomerismo
11.
Pharm Res ; 36(8): 122, 2019 Jun 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31218556

RESUMO

PURPOSE: A non-propellant based foam (NPF) system was developed incorporating the antibiotics, pectin capped green nano-silver and sulfadiazine (SD) for the topical treatment of burn wounds as a convenient alternative to the existing therapies. METHODS: NPF were prepared using various surfactants and oils forming a nanoemulsion. Anti-microbial studies by resazurin microtitre assay, ex vivo diffusion, in vivo skin permeation and deposition studies, and acute irritation studies were carried out. NPF was applied onto secondary thermal wounds manifested on mice models followed by macroscopic and histological examinations. RESULTS: NPF had an average globule size of <75 nm. The viscosity was ~10 cP indicating the feasibility of expulsion from the container upon actuation. With no skin irritation, the foams showed a higher skin deposition of SD. A high contraction and an evident regeneration of the skin tissue upon treatment with NPF indicated a good recovery from the thermal injury was apparent from the histology studies. CONCLUSION: NPF represents an alternative topical formulation that can be employed as a safe and effective treatment modality for superficial second degree (partial thickness) burn wounds. With a minimal requirement of mechanical force, the no-touch application of NPF makes it suitable for sensitive and irritant skin surfaces.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Queimaduras/tratamento farmacológico , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Sulfadiazina/farmacologia , Cicatrização/efeitos dos fármacos , Administração Tópica , Animais , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Queimaduras/patologia , Queimaduras/fisiopatologia , Composição de Medicamentos/métodos , Quimioterapia Combinada , Emulsões , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Óleos/química , Tamanho da Partícula , Permeabilidade , Pele/efeitos dos fármacos , Pele/patologia , Pele/fisiopatologia , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Sulfadiazina/administração & dosagem , Tensoativos/química
12.
Food Chem ; 293: 226-232, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151605

RESUMO

Iprodione is a fungicide widely used in viticulture in most agricultural countries. It was banned recently in the European community because of its carcinogenic and endocrine disrupting characters. In this work, a cheap analytical method able to monitor iprodione in a white wine was developed. Molecularly imprinted sol-gel polymers (MIS) specific to iprodione and using green solvents were synthesized. An experimental design having the following factors (solvent volume and crosslinker quantity) was used to prepare an optimal MIS. In terms of selectivity, the optimal MIS showed the best partition coefficient towards iprodione in a white wine containing four other competing fungicides (procymidone, pyrimethanil, azoxystrobin and iprovalicarb). A solid phase extraction method using the optimal MIS was optimized and applied to analyse iprodione in a white wine. Low detection and quantification limits were reached 11.7 and 39.1 µg/L respectively.


Assuntos
Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análogos & derivados , Fungicidas Industriais/análise , Hidantoínas/análise , Impressão Molecular , Polímeros/química , Solventes/química , Vinho/análise , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/análise , Aminoimidazol Carboxamida/isolamento & purificação , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Fungicidas Industriais/isolamento & purificação , Géis/química , Química Verde , Hidantoínas/isolamento & purificação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos
13.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111531, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31212244

RESUMO

Environment friendly methods for the synthesis of copper nanoparticles have become a valuable trend in the current scenario. The utilization of phytochemicals from plant extracts has become a unique technology for the synthesis of nanoparticles, as they possess dual nature of reducing and capping agents to the nanoparticles. In the present investigation we have synthesized copper nanoparticles (CuNPs) using a rare medicinal plant Cissus arnotiana and evaluated their antibacterial activity against gram negative and gram positive bacteria. The morphology and characterization of the synthesized CuNPs were studied and done using UV-Visible spectroscopy at a wavelength range of 350-380 nm. XRD studies were performed for analyzing the crystalline nature; SEM and TEM for evaluating the spherical shape within the size range of 60-90 nm and AFM was performed to check the surface roughness. The biosynthesized CuNPs showed better antibacterial activity against the gram-negative bacteria, E. coli with an inhibition zone of 22.20 ±â€¯0.16 mm at 75 µg/ml. The antioxidant property observed was comparatively equal with the standard antioxidant agent ascorbic acid at a maximum concentration of 40 µg/ ml. This is the first study reported on C. arnotiana mediated biosynthesis of copper nanoparticles, where we believe that the findings can pave way for a new direction in the field of nanotechnology and nanomedicine where there is a significant potential for antibacterial and antioxidant activities. We predict that, these could lead to an exponential increase in the field of biomedical applications, with the utilization of green synthesized CuNPs, due to its remarkable properties. The highest antibacterial property was observed with gram-negative strains mainly, E. coli, due to its thin peptidoglycan layer and electrostatic interactions between the bacterial cell wall and CuNPs surfaces. Hence, CuNPs can be potent therapeutic agents in several biomedical applications, which are yet to be explored in the near future.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Cissus/química , Cobre/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Antibacterianos/síntese química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Cissus/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Eletricidade Estática
14.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 197: 111529, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31220803

RESUMO

The therapeutic molecules recovered from the marine biological origin are widely used for the treatment of diverse levels of infections caused by microbial pathogens. In addition, the eco-friendly preparations of nanomaterials together with the secondary metabolites' producing active microbial strains effectively suppress the spreading of the pathogenic bacteria. Considering their importance, the present study evaluated the environmental friendly synthesis of Silver nitrate nanomaterials (SNM) from the active marine Streptomyces strain Al-Dhabi-91 isolated from the Dammam region of Saudi Arabia. The obtained SNM was chemically characterized by various spectroscopic techniques such as UV, XRD, FTIR, SEM, TEM and EDAX; and its biological applications such as antimicrobial properties and antioxidant potential were recorded by DPPH methods. Biochemical and micromorphological studies together with the molecular techniques confirmed that the isolate Al-Dhabi-91 belonged to Streptomyces species. The characterization techniques confirmed that the UV spectrum showed maximum absorption peak at 305 nm indicating the plasmodium characteristics. SEM and TEM analyses evidenced 5-2 nm which are agglomerated, cool to form porous asymmetrical networks. Additionally, the FTIR spectrum showed maximum peak at 1194 cm-1 and 1394 cm-1, confirming the presence of aromatic CH bending and aromatic CC bending in the SNM. SNM exhibited prolific antibacterial activity against Gram negative pathogens, K. pneumoniae (28.33 mm) and E. coli (21.66 mm) respectively. The MIC values of SNM were significant with respect to E. faecalis (125 µg/ml), S. aureus (250 µg/ml), P. aeruginosa (125 µg/ml), K. pneumoniae (500 µg/ml) and E. coli (250 µg/ml) respectively. In addition, the antioxidant potential of the SNM was another value added importance. Especially 50 µg/ml of the nanoparticles showed 33% antioxidant potential; similarly in nitric oxide radical inhibition assay the concentration of 50 µg/ml nanoparticles showed 33% of inhibition potential. Overall, the eco-friendly synthesis of SNM from the marine Streptomyces strain Al-Dhabi-91 was an ideal active source for the treatment of infectious disease and health associated disorders.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/química , Antioxidantes/química , Sedimentos Geológicos/microbiologia , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Streptomyces/química , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Nanopartículas Metálicas/toxicidade , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Filogenia , Arábia Saudita , Streptomyces/classificação , Streptomyces/isolamento & purificação
15.
Chemosphere ; 232: 396-402, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31158634

RESUMO

Extracellular electron transfer from the biofilm surface to the electrode is the key step for the microbial fuel cell (MFC). More recently, graphene has attracted tremendous attentions for bioelectrochemical applications due to its good biocompatibility, high electrical conductivity and large surface area. In the current work, we report a facile and green synthesis of graphene-modified carbon paper (CP) as an efficient MFC anode through plant-mediated bioreduction coupled with self-assembly. Three-dimensional CFP uniformly wrapped by curled and wrinkled biosynthesized graphene enables more surface area for microbe adhesion and mass diffusion. Significantly, nontoxic and biodegradable biomolecules extracted from Eucalyptus leaves act as reducing agent and adsorb on the graphene, rendering the graphene surface become hydrophilic and biocompatible. Furthermore, the obtained graphene exhibit excellent bioelectrochemical interactions with the microbes. Equipped with the biosynthesized graphene-modified anode, the E. coli-catalyzed MFC delivered an enhanced maximum power density of 1158 mW/m2, 70% higher than a pristine graphene-modified one. This development provides not only a versatile and scalable synthesis strategy for biocompatible graphene-modified devices, but also indicates that biomolecules facilitate the extracellular electron transfer in bioelectrochemical process.


Assuntos
Fontes de Energia Bioelétrica , Biofilmes/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Escherichia coli/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Grafite/química , Adsorção , Condutividade Elétrica , Eletrodos , Transporte de Elétrons , Elétrons , Eucalyptus/química , Química Verde , Folhas de Planta/química , Propriedades de Superfície
16.
Food Chem ; 293: 340-347, 2019 Sep 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31151621

RESUMO

A green and simple method was designed to synthesize polyethyleneimine (PEI)-modified magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs), which were later used as adsorbents in magnetic solid phase extraction (MSPE) process. A new MSPE-HPLC method was then established for the simultaneous determination of four representative synthetic colorants (Amaranth, Ponceau 4R, Sunset yellow and Allure red) in food samples. Several important factors, such as the pH of the sample solution, the amount of adsorbent, the adsorption time, and the type of the eluent were investigated in detail. Under the optimized experimental conditions, the four colorants were measured with good linearity, detection limit and quantification limit. Adsorption kinetics and isotherms were also investigated to elucidate the adsorption mechanism. The detection of four colorants in candy, jelly and carbonated drink proved that the established MSPE-HPLC method was simple and effective and can be used for the analysis of colorants in real samples.


Assuntos
Bebidas/análise , Análise de Alimentos/métodos , Corantes de Alimentos/análise , Nanopartículas de Magnetita/química , Polietilenoimina/química , Adsorção , Compostos Azo/análise , Doces/análise , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Química Verde , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Limite de Detecção , Naftalenossulfonatos/análise , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Extração em Fase Sólida/instrumentação , Extração em Fase Sólida/métodos
17.
Chem Biodivers ; 16(8): e1900145, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31207044

RESUMO

Copper oxide nanomaterials were synthesized by a facile sustainable biological method using two plant species (Zanthoxylum armatum DC. and Berberis lycium Royle). The formation of materials was confirmed by FT-IR, ATR, UV-visible, XRD, TEM, SEM, EDX, TGA and PL. The antibacterial activity was evaluated by agar well diffusion method to ascertain the efficacy of plant species extract and extract derived copper oxide nanomaterials against six Gram-positive bacteria namely Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus pyogenes, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Corynebacterium xerosis, Bacillus cereus and four Gram-negative bacteria such as Klebsiella pneumonia, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus vulgaris against the standard drug, Ciprofloxacin for Gram-positive and Gentamicin for Gram-negative bacteria, respectively. In both cases, copper oxide nanomaterials were found to be sensitive in all the bacterial species. Sensitivity of copper oxide nanomaterials shows an be higher as compared to plant species extract against different bacteria. Scavenging activity of plant extracts along with nanomaterials have been accessed using previously reported protocols employing ascorbic acid as standard. Scavenging activity of copper oxide nanomaterials shows an increase with increase in concentration. The biological activity (bactericidal and scavenging efficiency) of plant derived copper oxide nanomaterials revealed that these materials can be used as potent antimicrobial agent and DPPH scavengers in industrial as well as pharmacological fields.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/química , Berberis/química , Cobre/química , Depuradores de Radicais Livres/química , Nanoestruturas/química , Zanthoxylum/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Berberis/metabolismo , Bactérias Gram-Negativas/efeitos dos fármacos , Bactérias Gram-Positivas/efeitos dos fármacos , Química Verde , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Nanoestruturas/toxicidade , Folhas de Planta/química , Espectroscopia de Infravermelho com Transformada de Fourier , Zanthoxylum/metabolismo
18.
Talanta ; 201: 174-184, 2019 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31122409

RESUMO

Chemometrics multivariate calibration coupled with high performance liquid chromatography-diode array detection (HPLC-DAD) analytical strategy was applied for fast and sensitive quantification of the eight small molecules (uric acid, creatinine, tyrosine, homovanillic acid, hippuric acid, indole-3-acetic acid, tryptophan and 2-methylhippuric acid) in human urine. The objective of this work was to get the successful resolution of the complex matrix with minimum experimental time in the presence of highly overlapping peaks, of distortions in the time and baseline aspects among chromatograms, and of the presence of unknown and background interferences. All the analysis were based on a short C18 column with the chromatographic system operating in isocratic mode and all analytes can be successfully quantified within 6 min. The second-order HPLC-DAD data acquired were handled intelligently by two typical chemometrics tools including alternating trilinear decomposition (ATLD) and multivariate curve resolution-alternating least squares (MCR-ALS). Reasonable resolution and satisfactory quantification results were obtained regardless of the complex matrix interferences from the urine samples and the second-order advantage was fully exploited. With the validation by classic HPLC method, the proposed strategy could take extra advantages such as increased selectivity and sensitivity, shorter analysis time, undemanding elution conditions and sufficiency of lower limit of quantification benefit from multivariate calibration. The method was shown as a promising means for fast and sensitive determination of small molecules in human urine and also for fast diagnosis or surveillance in related diseases.


Assuntos
Metabolômica/métodos , Compostos Orgânicos/urina , Algoritmos , Cromatografia Líquida de Alta Pressão , Creatinina/urina , Química Verde/métodos , Hipuratos/urina , Ácido Homovanílico/urina , Humanos , Ácidos Indolacéticos/urina , Análise dos Mínimos Quadrados , Limite de Detecção , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Triptofano/urina , Tirosina/urina , Ácido Úrico/urina
19.
World J Microbiol Biotechnol ; 35(6): 88, 2019 May 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31134435

RESUMO

In this work, the biosynthesis of silver nanoparticles by Galega officinalis extract using AgNO3 as a precursor was reported. The reaction parameters for the biosynthesis and efficiency in their antimicrobial control against Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas syringae were determined. For biosynthesis, a central composite design combined with response surface methodology was used to optimize the process parameters (pH, AgNO3 and extract concentration), and the design was assessed through the size distribution, zeta potential and polydispersity index of the nanoparticles. The results demonstrated that at pH 11, 1.6 mM of AgNO3 and 15% vv-1 of G. officinalis extract were the optimal reaction parameters. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) images and X-ray diffraction (XRD) confirmed the formation of small spherical silver nanoparticles. Antimicrobial assays showed a high inhibitory effect against E. coli, S. aureus and P. syringae, and that effect was larger with silver nanoparticles of a smaller size (23 nm). This work demonstrates that G. officinalis extract is a feasible medium for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles and that the control of the reaction parameters can determine the nanoparticle characteristics and therefore their antimicrobial effectiveness.


Assuntos
Anti-Infecciosos/metabolismo , Química Verde/métodos , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Prata/química , Antibacterianos/química , Antibacterianos/farmacologia , Anti-Infecciosos/farmacologia , Escherichia coli/efeitos dos fármacos , Galega/química , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Microscopia Eletrônica de Transmissão , Tamanho da Partícula , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Folhas de Planta/química , Pseudomonas syringae/efeitos dos fármacos , Staphylococcus aureus/efeitos dos fármacos , Difração de Raios X
20.
J Photochem Photobiol B ; 196: 111502, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129511

RESUMO

The present report showed the green synthesis of Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Mulberry leaf extract via an environment friendly approach and investigated to know the probable ameliorative effect via biochemical assessment on retinopathy of rats that are maternally subjected to Al intoxication and diabetes. Mulberry leaf extract biomolecules act as capping and reducing agent for fabrication of AgNPs. Later, the fabricated AgNPs were characterized by using spectroscopic and microscopic instrumental techniques such as HR-TEM, UV-Vis, XRD and FT-IR. EDS, XRD and TEM have confirmed the synthesis of AgNPs. HRTEM results exhibited that the formed AgNPs are polydispersed and spherical in nature with mean particle size of 35 nm. Microscopic observation of retina in Al-intoxicated and diabetic mother rats showed abnormal changes in retinal cell layers. Yet, the retina of rats that are maternally received AgNPs plus diabetes or Al-intoxicated exhibited noticeable amelioration. However, lower ameliorations were found in rat's retina that are maternally undergone for combined exposure. Additionally, biochemical assessment revealed that the application of AgNPs caused the amelioration of the changes in Al concentration and maternal serum glucose. The present study revealed that AgNPs are active against diabetic and Aluminium-persuaded developmental retinopathy.


Assuntos
Alumínio/toxicidade , Ouro/química , Nanopartículas Metálicas/química , Morus/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Alumínio/análise , Alumínio/química , Animais , Glicemia/análise , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/complicações , Diabetes Mellitus Experimental/patologia , Retinopatia Diabética/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Química Verde , Masculino , Exposição Materna , Nanopartículas Metálicas/uso terapêutico , Morus/metabolismo , Assistência Perinatal , Folhas de Planta/química , Folhas de Planta/metabolismo , Ratos , Prata/química
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